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1.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):333-340, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056619

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify the incidence of COVID-19 according to the positivity of the rapid tests and the associated factors in the population of the state of Para. This is a cross-sectional, analytical, retrospective study, developed with cases of COVID-19 in individuals notified and residing in the state of Para. Information was collected on the State Transparency Portal. Positivity for rapid tests of the disease was considered as the outcome variable. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify associations between variables. The incidence of COVID-19 was 46% (95% CI: 45.7-46.2). Being male, over 80 years old and waiting 22 days or more to perform the tests after the onset of symptoms increased the chances for a positive result. It can be concluded that there is a high incidence of COVID-19 in the state. Non-pharmacological measures and case tracking strategies are important alternatives to mitigate the pandemic.

2.
Saude e Pesquisa ; 14(2):247-259, 2021.
Article in Portuguese, English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056618

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the quality of life (QOL) of dental students in the 2019 Coronavirus Disease pandemic (COVID-19). A cross-sectional study was carried out with undergraduate students in Dentistry from Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the state of Ceara, Brazil. Data collection took place in May 2020, online, using questionnaires with sociodemographic, course-related and behavioral variables, in addition to the World Health Organization Questionnaire for Quality of Life-bref (WHOQOL-bref). Multinomial logistic regression was performed. 864 students participated in this study. Variables such as higher income (p = 0.034), having religion (p = 0.010), having health insurance (p = 0.005), satisfaction with sleep quality (p < 0.001), absence of insomnia (p < 0.001) and practicing physical activity always (p < 0.001) were associated with greater satisfaction regarding QOL. The QoL of dental students was classified in the dissatisfaction category, being perhaps impacted by the pandemic of COVID-19. Variables that reflected a more economically favorable living condition were associated with satisfaction with the quality of life of this public in the COVID-19 pandemic.

3.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(6):802-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055475

ABSTRACT

Objective: To introduce the principle and method ofa-Sutte model, establish a a-Sutte model by using software R, compare the fitting and prediction effects of thea-Sutte model and multiple seasonal autoregressive integrated moving average model, SARIMA model and provides reference for the application of thea-Sutte model in epidemic prediction.

4.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 140:71-88, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046696

ABSTRACT

Sectors strategic to the post Covid-19 economic recovery Parana are identified here by using an input-output matrix and economic indicators calculated from 2018 Parana-Rest of Brazil interregional system data. Intersectoral linkages indices portray food industry, civil construction, commerce and land transport as driving sectors of the state economy. Results concerning production, employment and income are higher for the textile and clothing, commerce, accommodation and food, education, health, and software development sectors, the latter being an important sector for the emergence of micro and small business. Incentive actions directed to strategic sectors in the economic recovery involve professional qualification, microcredit, business incubators, and extension activities focusing the dissemination of new communication and sales technologies.

5.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 138:111-126, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046500

ABSTRACT

Five dimensions allow to understand sustainable development from a multidisciplinary perspective: the geographic, the economic, the ecological, the social and the cultural ones. Different attitudes can be adopted by the gastronomic sector which contribute to a sustainability-focused management. In view of this, the aim of the present article is to discuss the perception of sustainability from the gastronomy industry perspective. For this, in addition to a literature review a quali-quantitative approach was taken through the compilation of a questionnaire which was electronically sent to establishments that form the Campos Gerais gastronomic network in Parana. The current pandemic scenario was taken into account in order to identify attitudes that allowed the establishments to remain operational in the face of the restrictions imposed by Covid-19. Twenty-two of twenty-five associated establishments responded to the survey, most of them showing to have adopted sustainable management actions and, especially regarding the pandemic scenario, adaptations that allowed them to remain in business.

6.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):170-180, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040745

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to share the experiences carried out in a Peruvian university regarding the pedagogical activities carried out for the virtualization of subjects oriented to the practice of art, culture and sports, as a mitigation strategy for the COVID-19 pandemic. All of this originated from the need to meet the virtualization requirements of subjects established by the National Superintendency of Higher University Education (SUNEDU) in the Criteria for the supervision of the adaptation of non-face-to-face education, on an exceptional basis, of the subjects by part of universities and graduate schools as a result of the measures to prevent and control COVID-19, approved by means of Resolution of the Board of Directors No. 039-2020-SUNEDU-CD. The research was qualitative in nature and developed in different stages, firstly, a bibliographic review was carried out, particularly of the foundation and support of the provisions of SUNEDU, the curricular structure of the professional school was also analyzed and the summary of each subject was analyzed., for which the teleological method was used;After this theoretical-normative approach, pedagogical strategies were formulated for the virtualization of practical education in art, culture and sports, as a mitigation strategy for the COVID-19 pandemic.

7.
Caderno Virtual de Turismo ; 22(2):28-41, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040528

ABSTRACT

The municipality of Florianopolis has tourism, hotels and events as an important development sector. During the Covid-19 pandemic, the sector was greatly affected due to the reduction in the mobility of people and measures to control the contagion. In order to identify and understand the lessons learned by professionals in the public tourism sector in Florianopolis during the management of the pandemic in 2020, six professionals from the Municipal Secretariat of Tourism, Technology and Economic Development were interviewed. For data analysis, the qualitative method of thematic analysis was used. The results show eight sets of interrelated themes that aggregate learning: technical decisions and health protocols;information and communication;learning and capacity building;organizational resilience;resumption and recovery;personal lessons;supervision and penalty;change in the form of tourism.

8.
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine ; 12(7):127-140, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040217

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The number of Tattoo artists has been increasing and there are important Occupational Risks associated. The aim of this article was to describe the position of these professionals regarding the Recommendations and to analyze their compliance when working alone or accompanied. Methodology: It is a Mixed Exploratory Study, involving a quantitative component (Observational Analytical of transversal nature), operated through an online survey and, in a second phase, a qualitative one (Case Study), through the use of interviews. A representative sample of the population under study was obtained, considering a 90% confidence interval. The research project was approved by a Ethics Committee and informed consent was obtained. Presentation and Discussion of the Results: The sample considered 207 questionnaires and nine interviews. The compliance with Standards increases with experience;those who reported that they do not always comply are those who use less the Personal Protective Equipment (t = 2.659;p = 0.008). Compliance is also influenced by the Perception of Risk, information, social pressure (more accentuated by COVID19) and motivation to increase profit. Those who considered the Recommendations to be adequate were statistically associated with compliance with Collective Protection Measures. Regarding the compliance when working alone or not, 86.0% stated that they maintained the same posture;of those who answered the opposite, 85.7% complied more alone. Those with less education were statistically associated to less compliance with the rules when alone (X2 = 12.763;p = 0.005). Final Considerations: Previously unpublished data has been obtained, valuable to act effectively in this professional sector. It is fundamental to invest in training, as well as to elaborate Standards (developed jointly by Doctors/Safety Technicians and Tattoo artists). The organization of the Conventions should guarantee adequate conditions (area, access to disinfection/sterilization methods) and share Standards, promoting inspection and punishments for non-compliance, since they are the most unsafe places.

9.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S234-S234, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035758

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic brought pressure to Portuguese National Health Service (NHS). We aim to assess pandemic impact on diagnosis and management of breast cancer (BC) in a high-volume Portuguese comprehensive cancer centre, which was classified as a COVID-free institution by public health authorities.

10.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S173-S173, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035751

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic motivated a reorganization of healthcare institutions, which may have led to a negative impact on cancer patients' treatment. This study compared the pathological response (PR) rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer (BC) patients who underwent treatment before (BCv) and during (DCv) the COVID-19 pandemic at our institution.

11.
Revista de Politica Agricola ; 31(1):105-122, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034170

ABSTRACT

The relationship between international trade and animal health is particularly important in the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) of the World Trade Organization - WTO. Supported by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), SPS measures are scientifically justified and play an important role in placing epidemiology at the center of decisions related to health and animal trade. The objective of this study was to discuss the interactions between the international meat trade and the epidemiology of zoonotic diseases of viral origin, in a debate on how the current Covid-19 pandemic could change the consumer behavior related to health and hygiene issues, and how the meat sector was affected by SPS measures, highlighting the relevance of Brazil in this context.

12.
Revista de Politica Agricola ; 31(1):136-148, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033964

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to measure and analyze the agribusiness labor market in Minas Gerais state, to verify potential effects of the covid-19 crisis. In 2020, the population employed in agribusiness was 3.9% lower than in 2019, according to microdata by the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (PNAD-Continua) and, in a complementary way, data from the annual report on social information (RAIS) and from the Center for Advanced Studies on Applied Economics (CEPEA). All agribusiness segments, except for the primary segment, showed a decrease in the number of employed workers. The quarterly analysis shows that the biggest decreases occurred in the first two quarters of 2020 and that, although small, some recovery had been seen in the fourth quarter. The most affected job positions workers were those of workers with a formal contract, as well as those without a formal contract and the employers;however, an increase in the number of the self-employed was observed. Workers with lower instruction level were also one of the most affected groups. Creating employment generation programs in the sector, as well as programs that provide the maintenance of the employees and that afford assistance to informal workers and to those who became unemployed during the pandemic are some examples of public policies that may mitigate the negative effects of the crisis.

13.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):114-122, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033749

ABSTRACT

Due to the pandemic, an increase in mental health problems has been reported in members of the health personnel, with the self-report being an initial way of evaluating it. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the perception of repercussions in the mental sphere in health professionals in Latin America before COVID-19. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out between June and August 2020 in Latin America. The perception of repercussions was measured through an instrument previously validated in Peru, which was taken virtually from 406 doctors, nurses and others;this was crossed versus other variables. The main concern was returning home and infecting their family (22% strongly agree), followed by feeling the abuse because they do not give them the necessary amount of personal protective equipment (13% strongly agree) and perceiving mental exhaustion for all the activities they did (12% strongly agree). In the multivariate analysis, the older there was a lower perception of mental repercussion (aPR: 0.98;95% CI: 0.97-0.99;p value = 0.012);In addition, those who had a greater perception of repercussions in the mental sphere also had more anxiety at a low level (aPR: 1.84;95% CI: 1.14-2.98;p value = 0.013) and post-traumatic stress (aPR: 2.28;95% CI: 1.61-3.22;p value <0.001), adjusted for depression and stress. Despite being an exploratory analysis, important associations were found in the mental sphere;which should continue to be investigated in larger studies.

14.
Zoonoses ; 1(5):1-7, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025741

ABSTRACT

Various SARS-CoV-2 variants have continually emerged since the summer of 2020. Recently, the spread and potential effects of the Lambda variant on public health have caused great scientific and public concern. The Lambda variant (C.37), first identified in Peru in December 2020, contains a novel deletion (?246-252) and two novel mutations, L452Q and F490S, not present in the ancestral strain and other variants. The Lambda variant was designated a variant of interest in April of 2021. By the end of July, this variant sequence was detected in more than 30 countries worldwide, mostly in South America. This study analyzed the global spatiotemporal distribution of the Lambda variant from the beginning of January to the end of July from publicly available data. The Lambda variant spread rapidly in Peru and became predominant in March. Circulation of the Lambda variant has also been observed in some neighboring countries, i.e., Argentina, Chile and Ecuador, where it has remained at remarkably low levels. The circulation of the Lambda variant in other countries in South America (e.g., Brazil and Colombia) and other regions of the world has also occurred at very low levels, even though this variant has been known for a long time. Multivariate linear regression analyses of the proportion of case fatalities attributable to the Lambda variant, the new deaths and the new confirmed cases per million (7-day rolling average) in Peru did not show significant associations. A review of the most recent data on the Lambda variant has suggested this variant's relatively high infectivity in cultured cells and low neutralizing titers of convalescent sera and vaccine-elicited antibodies in vitro. However, the exact effects of this variant on clinical severity and vaccine effectiveness remain poorly documented. The currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines are still believed to provide efficient protection against the Lambda variant.

15.
Archives of Veterinary Science ; 27(2):85-97, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012568

ABSTRACT

The Distance Learning method (e-learning) was adopted by a huge part of Higher Education Institutions as an alternative to academical paralisations due to COVID- 19 pandemic. This scenario brings new challenges to the graduation courses, specially those with higher practical content, including veterinary medicine courses. This study aimed to assess the graduation students' perspectives about the e-Learning for the discipline of Veterinary Semiology, considering their learning processes and expactations. Three anonimous formularies were applied to obtain informations about students' prospects and their access to resources for the remote learning platforms. Also, the preferences over the testing methods and the efficacy of learning were evaluated. Furthermore, it was possible to understand the opinion of these students after the conclusion of the discipline, and comprise general health aspects of these groups during COVID pandemic. Through direct answers brought by students' conceptions, this study elucidated positive and negative aspects over the remote learning methods, and helped on the discussion about practical skills education on remote mode. The data obtained on this study aims to help on didactic pratices in veterinary medicine subjects, as well as adjust both training and adhesion to new digital tools in a complementary way to presential education.

16.
Human Organization ; 79(4):323-332, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2011414

ABSTRACT

The food system in Foz do Iguacu, Brazil. experienced changes that reflected the uncertainties and restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. This study describes urban and periurban family farmers' ongoing strategies to adapt to Changes in the local food supply Chains (FSCS) after the temporary suspension of farmers' markets and government programs directed to small-scale agriculture. Their disruption proved problematic for the farmers and the Vulnerable populations served by them. As a result. some farmers redirected their products' commercialization to delivery or pickup services. Based on observations and conversations with producers and retail intermediaries. we show that farmers other and pickup-based sales increased dramatically with the pandemic. The sustainability of these practices is unknown. although they have strengthened forms of cooperation and commercialization amongst farmers. mainly through online marketing. Based on the results. the study provides a series of research questions to explore food systems and FSCs under severe social disruption.

17.
Weekly Epidemiological Record ; 96(39):477-481, 2021.
Article in English, French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2010656

ABSTRACT

This article describes how the COVID-19 pandemic significantly reduced provision of treatment in the Yanomami focus area (YFA) in 2020, especially in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. The distribution of ivermectin for mass treatment (MDA) to prevent onchocerciasis was affected worldwide by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, as were MDA programs for other neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). On 1 April 2020, WHO recommended that mass treatment campaigns, active case-finding, and population-based surveys for NTDs be postponed until further notice to reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission associated with large-scale community health interventions. The Carter Center, which provides major funding to MDA in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, temporarily halted its activities in 2020 due to an administrative problem and, once the COVID-19 pandemic had taken hold, in order to adhere to WHO recommendations, its own policies, and the policies of other donor organizations. Ivermectin treatment continued to be offered in Brazil, supported by the government, with essential health services such as vaccination and malaria control. On 27 July 2021, WHO released new interim guidance for NTD programs. This included a risk-benefit analysis to figure out if activities could be resumed safely and detailed standards for reducing risk with all known precautions (such as wearing masks, socialdistance, hand sanitizing and/or handwashing, limiting live meetings and group size). The program in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela followed these instructions and made a plan to get back to work safely, which was what WHO wanted.

18.
Revista Cientifica Multidisciplinar RECIMA21 ; 3(3), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1995030

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 Pandemic highlighted the need to understand and improve the working conditions of health professionals, in addition to Individual Protection Equipment, as these workers oftenface precarious working conditions. This studysought to investigate the professional performance and working conditions of Primary Health Care professionals in the interior of the Brazilian Northeast. This is a qualitative-quantitative, transversal, descriptive research, carried out through semi-structured interviews. Of the 86 participants, 60% (n=52) were Community Health Agents, 15% (n=13) nursing technicians, 12% (n=10) nurses, 7% (n= 6) physicians, 3% (n=3) oral health technicians and 2% (n=2) dentists. Itwas observed that, in the work of professionals, there are still problems that compromise the guarantee of health care for populations in the interior of the Northeast region, such as the scarcity of human and material resources, work overload, or even the precariousness of infrastructure. Ensuring adequate working conditions is essential to strengthen the prevention and health promotion of the Brazilian population, even more so, in the current moment of facing the pandemic and the reduction in SUS funding.

19.
CC&T, Cadernos de Ciencia & Tecnologia ; 39(1), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994962

ABSTRACT

The consumption of vegetables is essential for the population's quality of life, especially in a period of sanitary crisis caused by the new coronavirus. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the initial impact of the pandemic on vegetable consumption habits in Brazil, evaluating the relationship between monthly income and the main factors that guided consumers when purchasing vegetables in Brazil. With this purpose, at the beginning of the pandemic, a questionnaire was applied through GoogleR Forms, which was disseminated online through applications and social networks in the form of an opinion poll. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test in order to verify the association of income with decision-making factors in the consumption of vegetables in Brazil. The results indicated that income shapes consumer behavior and exerts different impacts for certain vegetable crops. In addition, quality stood out as a more important factor than nutritional benefits when consumers were purchasing vegetables, even during the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil.

20.
CC&T, Cadernos de Ciencia & Tecnologia ; 38(3), 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994961

ABSTRACT

The Internet and social networks are considered as important sources of information for rural producers, regarding property management and agricultural activities. The objective of this work was to understand the influence of social networks on actors of the honey production chain, in Para state, regarding the changes of the production practices and the effect of the coronavirus pandemics on this process. This is an explanatory case study with qualitative approach carried out through semistructured interviews with beekeepers/ honey producers, and apicultural technicians, in Para state. The indication of WhatsApp as the most relevant social network for the beekeeping activity in this Brazilian state- for information exchange, remote technical assistance, broadcasting, and adoption of new technologies of production and marketing -, as well as the expansion of this relevance during the coronavirus pandemics, are the main contributions of this research that also can help to a more efficient planning of communication strategies for the technology transfer and innovation processes in the rural environment.

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