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Rev Panam Salud Publica ; 46: e117, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2315352


The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed several dilemmas for managers in the public sector, with school reopening being among the most complex decisions. The present article presents a microsimulation model of the pandemic course considering various scenarios within the confines of a classroom in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. For that, a susceptible-infectious-recovered (SIR) model was integrated with a random graph model, associating epidemiological characteristics with sociometric and sociodemographic factors. Social contact rates projected for Brazil in the European POLYMOD project were adapted for the city of Belo Horizonte to simulate the number of contacts among individuals considering a Poisson distribution. The simulation used as reference a group of 20 students and their families. The projected scenarios discriminated three age groups with their respective rate of daily social contacts: 0 to 5 years (0.01), 6 a 14 years (1.80), and 15 to 19 years (0.20). The simulations showed clear differences between these age groups, depending on the initial number of infected individuals and on the use or not of face masks in the school. The results confirm that the absence of adequate mitigation measures entails a considerable increase in transmission in the school setting.

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha creado una serie de dilemas para los administradores públicos, que ha hecho de la reapertura de las escuelas una de las decisiones más complejas. En el presente artículo se presenta una microsimulación del curso de la pandemia, en la cual se analizan varias situaciones hipotéticas dentro de los límites de un salón de clases en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte (Brasil). Se utilizó un modelo de personassusceptibles, infectadas y recuperadas (SIR) integrado a un modelo de gráficos aleatorios, dentro del cual se asociaron lascaracterísticas epidemiológicas a factores sociométricos y sociodemográficos. Se utilizaron las tasas de contactos sociales previstas para Brasil por el proyecto europeo POLYMOD y adaptadas a la ciudad de Belo Horizonte con el fin de simular el número de contactos entre las personas con una distribución de Poisson. Para la simulación se tomó como referencia un grupo de 20 alumnos y sus familias. En las situaciones hipotéticas proyectadas se distinguieron tres grupos etarios con sus respectivas tasas diarias de contactos sociales: de 0 a 5 años (0,01), de 6 a 14 años (1,80) y de 15 a 19 años (0,20). Las simulaciones demostraron que hay claras diferencias en los grupos etarios analizados, según el número inicial de personas infectadas y el uso o la falta de uso de mascarilla en el ambiente escolar. Los resultados confirman que la falta de medidas adecuadas de mitigación eleva de forma considerable el riesgo de contagio en la comunidad escolar.

Journal of Intelligent & Fuzzy Systems ; 44(3):4667-4679, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2311542
Journal of Northeastern University ; 44(4):486-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2306699
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 84(5-B):No Pagination Specified, 2023.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2298310
Sustainability (Switzerland) ; 15(7), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2296911
Biosystems Engineering ; 224:92-117, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2267725
Journal of Workplace Learning ; 35(9):50-65, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2258414
Journal of Crystal Growth ; 610, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2257038
Semina: Ciencias Exatas e Tecnologicas ; 42(1 Suppl):45-54, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2255247
Simulation ; 99(4):327-346, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2247724
Mathematics ; 11(5):1165, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2283352
Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering ; 63(3):69-75, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2283237
IAES International Journal of Robotics and Automation ; 12(1):29-40, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2235464


Solid waste management is one of the critical challenges seen everywhere, and the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has only worsened the problems in the safe disposal of infectious waste. This paper outlines a design for a mobile robot that will intelligently identify, grasp, and collect a group of medical waste items using a six-degree of freedom (DoF) arm, You Only Look Once (YOLO) neural network, and a grasping algorithm. Various designs are generated before running simulations on the selected virtual model using Robot Operating System (ROS) and Gazebo simulator. A lidar sensor is also used to map the robot's surroundings and navigate autonomously. The robot has good scope for waste collection in medical facilities, where it can help create a safer environment.

Canadian Journal of Communication ; 47(2):377-398, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2233167


Packer and Reeves also collaborated on the forthcoming co-authored book Prison House of the Circuit: Politics of Control from Analog to Digital (Packer, Nuñez de Villavicencio, Monea, Oswald, Maddalena, & Reeves, in press). [...]just two or three weeks ago, the U.N. released a report explaining that it's likely that the first instance of autonomous drones making their own decision to kill soldiers occurred in a skirmish in Libya in March 2020 (United Nations Security Council, 2021). [...]I think there's a general recognition by folks in the military, by journalists writing about this issue, by intellectuals, that there has been a shift in the past half century, 75 years, to a different kind of warfare. In terms of a paradigm, too, I'm also just interested because the American military, post-Vietnam, has described itself as subscribing to the idea of information warfare-using embedded journalists, managing the flows of information surrounding conflicts. Media doot only manipulate soldiers to fight better and citizens to support various military efforts but rather, the scale of warfare has reached a level of complication that without a vast logistical apparatus, war is going to be lost-that logistical terrain of war is going to be lost-and the "logistically dominant" force, nation, (or) group of allies will prevail.