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1.
Pacific Economic Review ; JOUR(4):317-318, 27.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2088095
2.
Pacific Economic Review ; JOUR(4):319-339, 27.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2088094

ABSTRACT

This article takes Taiwan’s Triple Stimulus Vouchers (TSVs) launched in the second half of 2020 as an example to evaluate the economic benefits of revitalization vouchers during the COVID‐19 period. We apply scenario settings and input–output tables to evaluate the policy benefits. The main conclusions are as follows: (1) The issuance of TSVs will induce consumers to use revitalized triple vouchers. As the epidemic is under control domestically and border control continues that ruled out non‐citizen consumptions,  issuing the TSVs during summer vacations generates positive economic benefits. (2) Using promotional activities TSVs are indeed helpful to boost consumer confidence. (3) According to estimates, the benefit of TSVs to real GDP is between NT$45.062 and 83.727 billion;the economic growth rate increases by 0.1173–0.2156%. (4) TSVs have a significant impact on the service industry. The department stores benefited a lot from the TSV policy, and supermarkets and hypermarkets saw rising revenues. Merchants, small shops, and even hawkers in the streets or traditional markets also felt the strength of economic recovery from the retail consumption growth of TSVs, which also brings economic benefits expected by the policy.

3.
J Infect Dis ; 2022 Sep 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087789

ABSTRACT

Interferon (IFN)-specific autoantibodies have been implicated in severe COVID-19 and have been proposed as a potential driver of the persistent symptoms characterizing Long COVID, a type of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC). We report than only two of 215 SARS-CoV-2 convalescent participants tested over 394 timepoints, including 121 people experiencing Long COVID symptoms, had detectable IFN-α2 antibodies. Both had been hospitalized during the acute phase of the infection. These data suggest that persistent anti-IFN antibodies, although a potential driver of severe COVID-19, are unlikely to contribute to Long COVID symptoms in the post-acute phase of the infection.

4.
Phys Occup Ther Pediatr ; : 1-15, 2022 Oct 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2087465

ABSTRACT

AIMS: Children with disabilities and rare or undiagnosed conditions and their families have faced numerous hardships of living during the COVID-19 pandemic. For those with undiagnosed conditions, the diagnostic odyssey can be long, expensive, and marked by uncertainty. We, therefore, sought to understand whether and how COVID-19 impacted the trajectory of children's care. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 25 caregivers who, prior to the pandemic, were on a diagnostic odyssey for their children. RESULTS: Most caregivers did not report any interruptions to their child's diagnostic odyssey. The greatest impact was access to therapy services, including the suspension or loss of their child's in-person therapeutic care and difficulties with virtual therapies. This therapy gap caused caregivers to fear that their children were not making progress. CONCLUSION: Although much has been written about the challenges of diagnostic odysseys for children and their families, this study illustrates the importance of expanding the focus of these studies to include therapeutic odysseys. Because therapeutic odysseys continue regardless of whether diagnoses are made, future research should investigate how to support caregivers through children's therapies within and outside of the COVID-19 context.

5.
Economics and Philosophy ; JOUR(3):507-513, 38.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2087085

ABSTRACT

Stressing both commonalities and changes of the uses to which sovereign debt was put over time, the authors explain how sovereign debt developed into a safe asset and how it contributed to the development of financial markets, and the economy more generally, serving as an important tool for counter-cyclical spending which limited the incidence of economic depressions. Writing about the most recent spike in indebtedness, they acknowledge that running the sort of large, persistent primary surpluses required to bring down the level of indebtedness generated by Covid are rare, that attempting to raise taxes is challenging when the wealthy and their financial assets can move, and that a burst of inflation that liquidates debt burdens seems unlikely in the current context. Despite the difficulties created by unleashing ‘a tsunami of debt’ (199), the authors are adamant that a failure to act in the face of a national emergency – such as a war, a systemic financial crisis or a pandemic –would rob a government of its legitimacy. Collective Action Clauses (CACs) – provisions specifying that a supermajority of bondholders can change the terms of a bond – are also discussed by the authors.

6.
European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences ; JOUR(15):5460-5465, 26.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2081732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Poor oral health and oral diseases are common among people experiencing homelessness. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dental demands and needs of a population of homeless persons in the city of Rome, Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical records of 165 homeless patients admitted between October 2020 and October 2021 to the dental service of the Primary Care Services of the Eleemosynaria Apostolica, Vatican City, were retrospectively reviewed. The service employed dentists to evaluate dental needs and oral conditions in patients experiencing homelessness. The main dental and oral pathological conditions were noted. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-five records of homeless patients were included in the study. The sample consisted in 138 males (76.97%) and 27 females (23.03%) with a mean age of 46.9 years (range 7-85 years). Acute tooth pain was reported by 132 (80%) patients, 42 (25.45%) had edentulism or missing teeth and 18 (10.91%) patients had oral lesions. Both dental and oral pathologies were intercepted and managed in secondary health-care facilities. CONCLUSIONS: Given the specific peculiarities of this vulnerable population, it is import-ant to implement strategies that facilitate the access of persons experiencing homelessness to dental evaluation with a preventive and curative perspective.

7.
EXCLI J ; 21: 1196-1221, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2082728

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), caused by a ß-coronavirus and its genomic variants, is associated with substantial morbidities and mortalities globally. The COVID-19 virus and its genomic variants enter host cells upon binding to the angiotensin converting enzyme 2 receptors that are expressed in a variety of tissues, but predominantly in the lungs, heart, and blood vessels. Patients afflicted with COVID-19 may be asymptomatic or present with critical symptoms possibly due to diverse lifestyles, immune responses, aging, and underlying medical conditions. Geriatric populations, especially men in comparison to women, with immunocompromised conditions, are most vulnerable to severe COVID-19 associated infections, complications, and mortalities. Notably, whereas immunomodulation, involving nutritional consumption, is essential to protecting an individual from COVID-19, immunosuppression is detrimental to a person with this aggressive disease. As such, immune health is inversely correlated to COVID-19 severity and resulting consequences. Advances in genomic and proteomic technologies have helped us to understand the molecular events underlying symptomatology, transmission and, pathogenesis of COVID-19 and its genomic variants. Accordingly, there has been development of a variety of therapeutic interventions, ranging from mask wearing to vaccination to medication. This review summarizes the current understanding of molecular pathogenesis of COVID-19, effects of comorbidities on COVID-19, and prospective therapeutic strategies for the prevention and treatment of this contagious disease.

8.
Cureus ; 14(10): e30275, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080878

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old gentleman presented to the hospital with progressive fatigue and dyspnea on exertion three months after recovering from COVID-19. He was noted to have severe anemia with reticulocytopenia. After excluding vitamin deficiencies and heavy metal toxicities, a bone marrow aspirate and biopsy were performed, which showed erythroid predominant trilineage maturing hematopoiesis with 79% ring sideroblasts and no dysplasia. SF3B1 mutation was negative. He was diagnosed with sideroblastic anemia and became transfusion-dependent. He was treated with an erythropoiesis-stimulating agent and luspatercept with transient improvement in anemia. After 12 months of treatment, anemia spontaneously improved. Repeat bone marrow biopsy showed hypercellular marrow with 39% ringed sideroblasts. We suspect that this possibly was a delayed manifestation of COVID-19 infection.

9.
Organization Studies ; 43(9):1523-1526, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2079228

ABSTRACT

This article discusses working conditions and poor mental health of educational personnel. This essay is focused on a 2021 Education Support report surveyed 2,046 university staff: 53% showed signs of probable depression, 62% regularly worked more than 40 hours per week and 59% hesitated to get support for fear of appearing 'weak'. The overall picture is of considerable overwork and poor mental health and support. It gets worse. In 2010, the UK University and College Union conducted a survey in which 47% reported being bullied at work in the last five years;71% reported witnessing bullying. A decade later, as the COVID-19 pandemic raged, staff members reported feeling pressured to teach in person. It gets worse. Unsurprisingly, such pressure disproportionally fell on the more precarious: those on casual teaching-only contracts, those clinically vulnerable and those with greater career concerns. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

10.
International Journal of Finance & Economics ; 27(4):4607-4618, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2075011

ABSTRACT

This article examines the hedging effectiveness of U.S. stocks against uncertainties due to equity market (financial risk) and pandemics (health risk), including Covid‐19 pandemic. Consequently, we consider two categories of U.S. stocks—defensive and non‐defensive stocks drawn from 10 different sectors and distinctly analysed over two data samples—pre‐ and post‐Covid periods. We construct a predictive panel data model that simultaneously accounts for both heterogeneity and common correlated effects and also complementarily determine the predictive power of accounting for uncertainties in the valuation of U.S. stocks. We find that hedging effectiveness is driven by the types of stocks and measures of uncertainty. Defensive stocks provide a good hedge for pandemic‐induced uncertainty, and the hedging effectiveness is higher during calm market conditions as compared to turbulent conditions, while both categories lack hedging capability in the face of equity‐induced uncertainty. Finally, we find that the inclusion of uncertainty in the predictive model of U.S. stock returns improves its forecasts and this conclusion is robust to alternative measures of uncertainty and multiple forecast horizons.

11.
Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios De Familia ; 14(1):29-50, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072280

ABSTRACT

Objetive. To describe the perceptions associated with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on coexistence, living conditions and possible parental burnout with parents living in the Colombian territory. Methodology. A sociodemographic record was applied, an Ad Hoc instrument to establish how the pandemic affected coexistence and the obtaining of resources, and the Latin American version of the 'Parental Burnout Assessment' was applied with a convenience sample of 390 parents. Results. Personal, economic, family relationships, parental burnout and mental health deterioration were evidenced in a significant proportion of participants. Conclusion. Coping with situations derived from COVID-19, added to the associated confinement, led to a significant deterioration in the living conditions of Colombian parents, which should be taken into account for the development of programs aimed at the preventive and therapeutic approach of the identified variables.

12.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between workplace mistreatment, including discrimination, abuse, and overworking, and health problems among full-time workers prior to and during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in South Korea. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2017 and 2020-2021 Korean Working Conditions Surveys, including the final sample of 44,425 participants. Multiple logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between workplace mistreatment and health problems among workers by gender. Interaction analysis was conducted to establish the association between the COVID-19 pandemic and health problems related to mistreatment. The occupational, demographic, and socioeconomic backgrounds were adjusted. RESULTS: We found a significant association between workplace mistreatment and health problems, including headaches, eyestrain, and anxiety. The association increased after the COVID-19 pandemic: "discrimination" (men (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.93-2.65), women (OR 2.73, 95% CI 2.36-3.17)); abuse (men (OR 5.42, 95% CI 2.87-10.23), women (OR 4.70, 95% CI 3.12-7.08)); and overworking: men (OR 2.36, 95% CI 2.01-2.77), women (OR 3.52, 95% CI 2.68-4.61). The interaction indicates an increased incidence of people having health problems due to workplace mistreatment (OR 1.03, 95% CI 1.00-1.06) during the COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSION: Statistically, employees who experience workplace mistreatment have worse health conditions. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the job environment and increased the association between workplace mistreatment and health problems. To eliminate the health problems related to workplace mistreatment, it is necessary to address the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on work and employee health conditions.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Workplace , Male , Female , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , COVID-19/epidemiology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology
13.
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science ; 11(6):528-541, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067471

ABSTRACT

This study aims to re-examine the issues that involve outreaching the urgency of labor law for informal sector workers in the concept of the welfare state in Indonesia. The research method used is a normative juridical approach or a study of documents or literature that only focuses on labor laws currently in force in Indonesia. The qualitative method approach that is descriptive-analytic is used to describe the relationship of a phenomenon, idea, data, or fact that is found objectively. This study found that the rights, dignity, standard of living, and even the working environment of informal sector workers are still neglected by labor law in Indonesia today. The national labor law has not accommodated legal protection, guarantees, and social security, so there is a legal vacuum for informal sector workers. This condition contradicts the philosophy of Pancasila and the constitution, the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. Thus, efforts to develop labor laws are expected to be carried out by the government together with the legislature to make all parties have the same position in the production process for the achievement of the company's progress. will have implications for national economic growth. On the other hand, this effort is expected to create legal harmonization in the field of employment in general and especially for informal sector workers in the welfare state in Indonesia.

14.
International Journal of Research in Business and Social Science ; 11(6):362-369, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067465

ABSTRACT

In recent decades passenger transportation journeys experienced a decline and this decline may due to various causes such as cost of transportation, low economic growth, exchange rate volatility, unemployment and petrol price. [...]to the best knowledge of the author, no study was conducted to determine the relationship between the aforementioned variables. [...]the main objective of the current study is to analyse the impact of the exchange rate, petrol price and unemployment rate on road passenger journeys in the South African transportation sector. [...]to minimize either monetary budget or physical and mental burden, irrespective of having their cars, people prefer to use public transport (Guo & Wilson, 2011;Onderwater & Kishoon, 2017). South African road transport depend on the imported fuel and the price of the latter within the domestic market is determined by the exchange rate. [...]the exchange rate is another economic variable that impacts road transpo0rt demand (Havenga et al., 2014).

15.
Iconos ; 26(3):73-94, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067400

ABSTRACT

Este artículo es el resultado de una investigación sobre las condiciones y los condicionantes de la tarea docente en el nivel secundario de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, durante la pandemia por la covid-19. El objetivo es analizar cómo se cruzan las desigualdades de género, tecnológicas y sociosanitarias en el quehacer educativo, en un contexto signado por la intensificación de la labor docente y la profundización de las distancias sociales. Consideramos el período comprendido entre marzo de 2020 y marzo de 2021, y analizamos las siguientes particularidades: las regulaciones oficiales, las condiciones laborales docentes, la composición y situación social del hogar de profesoras y profesores, los recursos tecnológicos disponibles y los soportes institucionales que condicionaron la labor pedagógica. Nos basamos en las normativas del período, la estadística oficial, y las encuestas y entrevistas abiertas a docentes de secundaria de cuatro municipios, que reflejan la heterogeneidad de esta provincia argentina. Entre los hallazgos sobresalen la intensificación de la labor de enseñar durante la pandemia y su particular impacto en el nivel secundario por la estructura del puesto de trabajo;en las docentes mujeres la situación se complejiza por la asimetría en el reparto de las tareas de cuidado. La emergencia del trabajo colectivo para afrontar estas condiciones se constituyó como alternativa y soporte a fin de superar el aislamiento.Alternate :This article is the result of an investigation into the conditions and determinants of teaching at the secondary level in the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective is to analyze how gender, technological, and socio-health inequalities intersect in educational work, in a context marked by the intensification of teaching work and widening social gaps. We considered the period between March 2020 and March 2021, and analyzed the following particularities: official regulations, teachers' working conditions, the composition and social situation of teachers' households, technological resources available, and institutional support that conditioned pedagogical work. We studied the regulations of the period, official statistics, and surveys and open interviews with secondary school teachers in four municipalities, which reflect the heterogeneity of this Argentine province. Among the findings, we emphasize the intensification of the work of teaching during the pandemic and its particular impact on the secondary level, due to the structure of this job position;among female teachers, the situation became more complex due to asymmetry in the distribution of care work. Collective work emerged to confront these conditions, as an alternative and support mechanism to overcome isolation.

16.
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development ; 12(1):1, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067032

ABSTRACT

Across the country, hospitals are buying more sustainable food and passing internal policies in support of sustainable food procurement. This reflective essay describes the results of the sustainable procurement goals and policy of the University of California's five health systems from 2009 to 2021. Based on my observations as a staff person in the University of California and my participation in internal meetings with foodservice and sustainability staff, I discuss the evolution of the University of California's sustainable food procurement policy goals and its definition of "sustainable." I describe staff and programmatic support for purchasing environmentally sustainable food and beverages and the growth of the University of California's sustainable food purchases as a percentage of its hospitals' food budgets. This essay also explores staff debates about the sustainability of sourcing poultry with the label of "no antibiotics ever" after a 2020 COVID-19 outbreak at a poultry processing facility in California that led to the deaths of several workers. These debates about labor and working conditions in poultry supply chains from the five University of California health systems offer insights into ongoing challenges and opportunities for institutional food procurement and policy to change the food system utilizing existing supply chains and third-party certifications and label claims. The University of California's experiences also illustrate the ongoing need for farm-to-institution and farm-to-hospital efforts to better integrate values around working conditions in supply chains into sustainable procurement goals.

17.
Indian Journal of Rheumatology ; 17(3):225-226, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2066878
18.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12926, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066483

ABSTRACT

To improve financial sustainability and promote economic stability, it is important to understand the intricate relationship between finance and macroeconomy. Thus, focusing on financial stress and macroeconomic sectors, this paper investigates macro-financial spillovers in China. First, we develop a high-frequency financial stress index based on eight daily financial indicators to measure the stability of China’s financial markets. Through event identification, we find that China’s Financial Stress Index can effectively reflect the stress situation of China’s financial market. Then, given that the traditional co-frequency method fails to deal with financial stress index and macroeconomic data with different frequencies, we employ the mixed-frequency spillover method to evaluate macro-financial spillovers to examine the connectedness between China’s financial market and the real side of the economy. We find that financial stress is the leading net risk output and primarily affects the loan sector;deterioration of economic conditions can lead to more apparent fluctuations in spillover effects, with spillovers from financial stress to others being the most susceptible;within the sample, the 2015 stock crash, U.S.–China trade friction, and COVID-19 have the most impact on macro-financial spillover effects. In addition, we track the results of different risk events on spillover effects across sectors.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12730, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066457

ABSTRACT

The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic had a wide range of impacts on living conditions, opportunities and mental health. As discussed by society and supported by some studies, young people were particularly affected. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of research that explicitly addressed the mental health outcomes of adolescents’ and young adults’ transition. A systematic literature search in PubMed, PsycInfo, PSYNDEX, Embase and LIVIVO was conducted in February 2022. 42 of 2562 screened publications from industrialized/high-income countries were included and analyzed. All included publications show that the mental health of young people worsened during the pandemic. Several studies suggest(ed) that youths with less education and low socioeconomic status were affected most. Regarding different stages of adolescence, study results are heterogeneous. Evidence indicates that schools as institutions are important settings for everyday lives, personal development and education of young people. The review shows that there is a need for research and scientifically validated recommendations for practice. Further consideration should focus on the implementation of sustainable structures on the local level to strengthen resilience, minimize risk factors for young people’s mental health and create opportunities for valuable transitions.

20.
Discrete Dynamics in Nature and Society ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064331

ABSTRACT

The European Union is facing the highest natural gas prices in 15 years, owing largely to an upward trend in electricity prices, which is also on an uphill curve. However, the rise in electricity and natural gas prices is a widespread phenomenon that is being felt not only in Europe but also globally, as economic activity resumes and energy consumption returns to prepandemic levels. Consequently, this paper investigates how COVID-19 influenced the Romanian energy market. To accomplish our goal, we used daily data for variables and market indices that characterize COVID-19 and the energy market from July 1 to December 21, 2021. The results of the GARCH (1, 1) model estimation show that the major performer in Romania’s energy allocation and supply market had the highest conditional variance. In addition, the ARDL model was chosen because of the variable integration mix (order 0 and 1), as well as the VAR and the Granger causality framework. The empirical results of ARDL models provide the first conclusion of the analysis, indicating that the number of short-term connections was greater than long-term connections, which is also explained by the presence of short episodes of high volatility recorded in the investigated time interval. Another conclusion drawn from this study is that COVID-19 cases registered in Europe and around the world have made a significant contribution to explaining the evolution of the energy market, owing to the large number of cases registered in these regions and the level of contagion transmitted from these markets to the energy market. Furthermore, based on the Granger causality test results, only one-way causal relationships were identified from the variables that capture the evolution of the COVID-9 pandemic to the yields of Romanian energy companies. The novelty of this article is the examination of the impact of COVID-19 on the energy market throughout the fourth wave of coronavirus using the GARCH framework, the ARDL model, which allows for the capture of both short- and long-term reactions, the variance decomposition, and the Granger causality test. Because of the ongoing changes in the pandemic’s evolution, additional research on this topic is undoubtedly on the horizon in the near future.

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