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1.
Clin Case Rep ; 10(7): e6103, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1955889

ABSTRACT

A 49-year-old male was involved in an accident and an abdominal computer tomographic examination revealed papillary renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney. During hospitalization, the patient was infected with COVID-19. In the following COVID-19 treatment, a black dot developed on the right side of the head and face. Antifungal therapy and surgical debridement were initiated and gradual improvement was observed.

2.
Revista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 15(1):27-34, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955537

ABSTRACT

Background: The human cost of the COVID-19 pandemic is significant, but the true impact is still uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the years of potential life lost and the social cost of death due to the COVID-19 disease in the Peruvian population. Material and Methods: An observational and descriptive study was carried out, through the secondary analysis of deaths due to COVID-19 in Peru between January 1, 2020, and July 31, 2021, reported by the Ministry of Health of Peru. Results: During 2020, 926,343.5 years of life were lost in Peru;however, between January 1 and July 31, 2021, 1,116,553.1 years had already been lost. From the start of the pandemic until July 31, 2021, the social cost of deaths due to COVID-19 has amounted to USD 18,807,942,464.6. Conclusion. The COVID-19 pandemic has caused a high loss of potential years of life and high social cost, mainly in urban territories with higher economic development. © 2022 Columbia Data Analytics. All rights reserved.

3.
Revista Cuidarte ; 13(2), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955147

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Health systems were challenged to develop organizational strategies for the delivery of surgical care. Objective: to present the strategies of health services with regard to surgical care practices in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: An integrative review was conducted following six stages;the search for articles was performed using the Virtual Health Library, SciELO, PubMed, and ScienceDirect. The science descriptors adopted were“Surgicenters”and“Coronavirus Infections,”according to the DeCS-MeSH terms system. We selected 60 articles from 405 studies found. Results: The main strategies used by the health services were to suspend and postpone elective surgeries during waves of disease transmission and careful screening of patients with COVID-19 before and after surgery. Discussion: The suspension and postponement of elective surgeries should be carefully evaluated by the health team, individually for each patient since non-urgent clinical situations may worsen over time, increasing the chances of morbidity and mortality in these patients. Conclusion: screening patients and health professionals for COVID-19, according to the reality of surgical units, centers or outpatient clinics, is an important strategy to avoid contamination of these subjects. The suspension and postponement of elective surgeries, during the waves of contagion by COVID-19, is recommended to increase the capacity of beds available for critically ill patients hospitalized for this disease. This recommendation also helps in the reassignment of professionals in this sector to the units with the highest demand for health care. © 2022 Universidad de Santander. All Rights Reserved.

4.
Texto e Contexto Enfermagem ; 31, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1951693

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify psychological alterations in nursing professionals belonging to and not belonging to the risk group for complications of COVID-19. Methods: multicenter cross-sectional study with 845 nursing professionals from four hospitals in southern Brazil between August and October 2020. Data collection was performed through an electronic form containing the Self-Reporting Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used. Results: among the 845 participants, 214 belonged to the risk group. These presented higher means in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization scores (p<0.05), and higher percentages of Minor Psychiatric Disorders (55.2%). Minor Psychiatric Disorders and being part of institution B explained in 10.0% the variability of Professional Achievement. Minor Psychiatric Disorders, use of medications, impact on mental health and being part of institutions A, B and C explained in 38.7% the variability of Emotional Exhaustion. Minor Psychiatric Disorders, impact on mental health and being part of institutions A and B explained in 23.1% the variability of Depersonalization. Conclusions: the risk group presented greater exposure to psychological alterations. The regression model did not identify a difference between being or not of the risk group regarding Burnout Syndrome. The study contributes to the planning of protective labor interventions within institutions and public health policies, aiming to reduce possible factors related to the involvement of Burnout Syndrome and Minor Psychiatric Disorders. © 2022, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. All rights reserved.

5.
Texto e Contexto Enfermagem ; 31, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1951689

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the contributions of the Humanitude Care Methodology in the comprehensive care provided to the elderly in a long-term care institution during the COVID-19 pandemic. Method: a qualitative, exploratory and descriptive research study. Data collection took place through individual online interviews in September and October 2020 with eight caregivers of elderly people from a long-term care institution for aged people in Portugal. Thematic categorization was adopted for analysis and treatment of the information. Results: the contributions of the Humanitude Care Methodology contemplated operationalization of the humanization of care, that is, approach, consolidation, professionalization of the relationship, and intentionality in the interaction. It also contemplated the organizational system with changes in care and opening to the outside and, finally, contributions to aged people such as acceptance of the care provided, decrease in agitation, promotion of autonomy and self-care, respect, satisfaction and promotion of verticality. Conclusion: the strategies related to the Humanitude Care Methodology facilitate the care practices during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Although organizational and operational matters of the care provided were altered, it was possible to maintain comprehensive care for aged people, due to the fact that the principles of Humanitude were already integrated in the institution’s care practices. © 2022, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. All rights reserved.

6.
J Educ Health Promot ; 11: 104, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1954355

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The human coronavirus was first identified in 1965, belongs to the same family of Viruses as SARS, MERS-Co. The current virus that affected worldwide came into existence in late 2019, recently found in Wuhan, China, and caused a global pandemic called coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). This disease became a quick global pandemic due to the rapid transmission of the virus from one human to another. In the history of humankind, people were inside the four walls for more than a month. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed significant problems in a variety of fields. The current pandemic created many changes that are seen as challenges worldwide. However, it created opportunities and benefits for many, extend a helping hand towards the people in need, in the society, community, and the nation. This paper focuses on challenges, opportunities, and benefits during the (COVID-19) pandemic in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online search engines like PubMed and Google Scholar were used to conduct the research. The review article's dates were not restricted in any way. A total of 48 articles were chosen. The data was tabulated based on the kind of study and the outcomes. There are just a few papers available that demonstrate the necessity for more study. RESULTS: COVID-19 caused unforeseen changes in the health care industry, unequal distribution of health care, and consequences on mental health, according to the review studies. Teleconsultation, Internet use, and E-learning have all become more accessible. A period of transitory economic collapse and an increase in the number of migrants left many despondent. Improvement in family bonding, use of a face mask, and hygiene measures to adapt to the current scenario. There was also an impact on water sources, waste management systems, and environmental resource conservation. CONCLUSION: Difficult conditions can provide both problems and opportunities and advantages to the people during a pandemic outbreak.

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 936816, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1952405

ABSTRACT

Rationale: Abnormal values of hypercoagulability biomarkers, such as D-dimer, have been described in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has also been associated with disease severity and in-hospital mortality. COVID-19 patients with pneumonia are at greater risk of pulmonary embolism (PE). However, the real incidence of PE is not yet clear, since studies have been limited in size, mostly retrospective, and PE diagnostic procedures were only performed when PE was clinically suspected. Objectives: (1) To determine the incidence, clinical, radiological, and biological characteristics, and clinical outcomes of PE among patients hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia with D-dimer > 1,000 ng/mL. (2) To develop a prognostic model to predict PE in these patients. Methods: Single-center prospective cohort study. Consecutive confirmed cases of COVID-19 pneumonia with D-dimer > 1,000 ng/mL underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). Demographic and laboratory data, comorbidities, CTPA scores, treatments administered, and clinical outcomes were analyzed and compared between patients with and without PE. A risk score was constructed from all these variables. Results: Between 6 April 2020 and 2 February 2021, 179 consecutive patients were included. The overall incidence of PE was 39.7% (71 patients) (CI 95%, 32-47%). In patients with PE, emboli were located mainly in segmental/subsegmental arteries (67%). Patients with PE did not differ from the non-PE group in sex, age, or risk factors for thromboembolic disease. Higher urea, D-Dimer, D-dimer-to-ferritin and D-dimer-to-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ratios, platelet distribution width (PDW), and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values were found in patients with PE when compared to patients with non-PE. Besides, lymphocyte counts turned out to be lower in patients with PE. A score for PE prediction was constructed with excellent overall performance [area under the ROC curve-receiver operating characteristic (AUC-ROC) 0.81 (95% CI: 0.73-0.89)]. The PATCOM score stands for Pulmonary Artery Thrombosis in COVID-19 Mallorca and includes platelet count, PDW, urea concentration, and D-dimer-to-ferritin ratio. Conclusion: COVID-19 patients with pneumonia and D-dimer values > 1,000 ng/mL were presented with a very high incidence of PE, regardless of clinical suspicion. Significant differences in urea, D-dimer, PDW, NLR, and lymphocyte count were found between patients with PE and non-PE. The PATCOM score is presented in this study as a promising PE prediction rule, although validation in further studies is required.

8.
Arch Physiother ; 11(1): 30, 2021 Dec 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1951390

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in China in December 2019 and now is a pandemic all around the world. In Italy, Northern regions were hit the hardest during the first wave. We aim to explore the prevalence and the exposure characteristics of physiotherapists (PTs) working in different Italian regions during the first wave of COVID-19. METHODS: Between April and May 2020 a structured anonymous online survey was distributed to all PTs registered in the National Professional Registry to collect prevalence data of a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 (i.e., nasopharyngeal swab and/or serological test). A bottom-up agglomerative nesting hierarchical clustering method was applied to identify groups of regions based on response rate. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore personal and work-related factors associated with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. RESULTS: A total of 15,566 PTs completed the survey (response rate 43.3%). The majority of respondents (57.7%) were from Northern regions. Considering all respondents, the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in Northern and Central Italy, was higher compared to those in Southern Italy (6.9% vs. 1.8%, P < 0.001); focusing the analysis on respondents who underwent nasopharyngeal swab and/or serological test led to similar findings (14.1% vs. 6.4%, P < 0.001). Working in Northern and Central regions was associated with a higher risk of confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 compared to Southern regions (OR 3.4, 95%CI 2.6 to 4.3). PTs working in Northern and Central regions were more likely to be reallocated to a different unit and changing job tasks, compared to their colleagues working in the Southern regions (10.5% vs 3.7%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Work-related risk factors were differently distributed between Italian regions at the time of first pandemic wave, and PTs working in the Northern and Central regions were more at risk of a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19, especially when working in hospitals. Preventive and organizational measures should be applied to harmonize physiotherapy services in the national context. REGISTRATION: https://osf.io/x7cha.

9.
Civilistica.com ; 10(3), 2021.
Article in Portuguese | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1939942

ABSTRACT

This article aims to discuss the differences between the concepts of the legal representative and a legitimate representative of the patient in cases of impossibility of will manifestation due to severe infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. For this, a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory methodology it was used, with the bibliographic and documentary review. The results indicate that the Civil Code (CC), the Code of Civil Procedure (CPC), and Law n 13.143/2015 define the concept of legal representative. The concept of legitimate representative, on the other hand, suffers from a bioethical conceptualization and currently translates into a regulatory void or a limbo space in the medical field: no one defines the concept and, therefore, no one uses it. We conclude that there are qualitative differences that cover the competence and attribution between the two statutes and that the State, represented especially by the Class Councils, Medical Specialty Societies and Bioethical Entities, must fill the conceptual gap of the legitimate representative to minimize conflicts among physicians, patients, and families, harmonize clinical conducts and minimize levels of judicialization in health in the country. © 2021 Revista Civilistica. All rights reserved.

10.
GeoJournal ; : 1-6, 2022 Mar 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1942207

ABSTRACT

The differential geographic impact of the third wave of COVID-19 is unknown in Algeria. We thus analyze the spatiotemporal variations of cases and deaths of COVID-19 in Algeria, between January and mid-August 2021. Cases and deaths due to COVID-19 were aggregated at the wilaya (province) level. The space-time permutation scan statistic was applied retrospectively to identify spatial-temporal clusters of COVID-19 cases and deaths. We detected 14 spatio-temporal clusters of COVID-19 cases, with only one high risk cluster. Among the 13 low risk clusters, 7 clusters emerged before the start of the third wave and were mostly located in wilayas with lower population density compared to the clusters that emerged during the third wave. For deaths, the largest geographic low-risk cluster emerged in southern Algeria, between April and early July 2021. Northern and coastal wilayas should be prioritized when allocating resources and implementing various quarantine and isolation measures to slow viral transmission.

11.
REVISTA LATINO-AMERICANA DE ENFERMAGEM ; 30, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1938483

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify factors associated with infection and hospitalization due to COVID-19 in nursing professionals. Method: a cross-sectional study carried out with 415 nursing professionals in a hospital specialized in cardiology. The sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, working conditions and issues related to illness due to COVID-19 were evaluated. Chi-Square, Fisher's, Wilcoxon, Mann-Whitney and Brunner Munzel tests were used in data analysis, as well as Odds Ratio for hospitalization, in addition to binary logistic regression. Results: the rate of nursing professionals affected by COVID-19 was 44.3% and the factors associated with infection were the number of people living in the same household infected by COVID-19 (OR 36.18;p<0.001) and use of public transportation (OR 2.70;p=0.044). Having severe symptoms (OR 29.75), belonging to the risk group (OR 3.00), having tachypnea (OR 6.48), shortness of breath (OR 5.83), tiredness (OR 4.64), fever (OR 4.41) and/or myalgia (OR 3.00) increased the chances of hospitalization in professionals with COVID-19. Conclusion: living in the same household as other people with the disease and using public transportation increased the risk of infection by the new coronavirus. The factors associated with the hospitalization of contaminated professionals were presence of risk factors for the disease, severity and type of the symptoms presented.

12.
Duazary ; 19(2):116-128, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934856

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of infection and the factors associated with COVID-19 in a geriatric institution in Cali, Colombia. This is an observational, cross-sectional study in institutionalized older adults after a COVID-19 outbreak. In a population of 252 adults who were screened for SARS-CoV-2. The prevalence of COVID-19 infection and its relationship with sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms, and geriatric clinimetry were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate regression models with prevalence ratios. Of this population, 84 (33.3%) were infected. A higher prevalence was found in adults ≥80 years (PR = 1.69 95% CI 1.16-2.47), with malnutrition (MNA <17) (PR = 1.44 95% CI 1.01-2.04 ) and with a Barthel index <60 (PR = 1.57 95% CI 1.09-2.25). Those infected presented mostly with fever (PR = 2.08 95% CI 1.39-3.09) and cough (PR = 1.61 95% CI 1.10-2.34). In conclusion, the prevalence of COVID-19 infection in institutionalized older adults is related to advanced age, malnutrition, and functional dependence.Alternate :El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de infección y los factores asociados con la COVID-19 en una institución geriátrica de Cali, Colombia. Se trata de un estudio observacional de corte transversal en adultos mayores institucionalizados durante un brote de COVID-19. En una población de 252 adultos a los cuales se les realizó tamización mediante pruebas para detección de SARS-CoV-2, se analizó la prevalencia de la infección por la COVID-19 y su relación con las características sociodemográficas, comorbilidades, síntomas y clinimetría geriátrica mediante modelos de regresión bivariados con razones de prevalencias. De esta población, 84 (33,3%) se infectaron. Se encontró mayor prevalencia de la enfermedad en adultos ≥80 años (RP= 1,69 IC 95% 1,16-2,47), con malnutrición (MNA<17) (RP= 1,44 IC 95% 1,01-2,04) y con un índice de Barthel <60 (RP= 1,57 IC 95% 1,09-2,25). Los infectados se presentaron en su mayoría con fiebre (RP= 2,08 IC 95% 1,39-3,09) y tos (RP= 1,61 IC 95% 1,10-2,34). En conclusión, la prevalencia de infección por COVID-19 en el adulto mayor institucionalizado se relaciona con edad avanzada, malnutrición y dependencia funcional.

13.
Salud Publica de Mexico ; 64(3):333-339, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1934833

ABSTRACT

Prolonged delays in breast cancer screening related to the Covid-19 pandemic may lead to delayed diagnoses, poor health consequences, and an increase in cancer disparities among women already experiencing health inequities.There is a void in empirical high-quality evidence to support a specific strategy for administering cancer screening during a pandemic and its resolution phase, but several pragmatic considerations can help guide its recovery and ensure its continuity. One of these strategies is to address the backlogs in the diagnostic and follow-up of breast cancer, designing programs that align with the current epidemiological situation. Here, we present some approaches for the generation of breast cancer detection programs which embody recommendations and obligations to overcome the SARS-CoV-2. With this initiative, we reinforce our commitment to advance health care by ensuring more women have access to preventive care. © 2022

14.
Efecto del programa de vacunación mexicano en casos, hospitalizaciones y muertes por Covid-19 en adultos mayores de la Ciudad de México. ; 64(4):424-428, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1934832

ABSTRACT

Objective. To characterize the impact of Mexico's Covid-19 vaccination campaign of older adults. Materials and methods. We estimated the absolute change in symptomatic cases, hospitalizations and deaths for vaccine-eligible adults (aged >60 years) and the relative change compared to vaccine-ineligible groups since the campaign started. Results. By May 3, 2021, the odds of Covid-19 cases among adults over 60 compared to 50-59 year olds decreased by 60.3% (95%CI: 53.1, 66.9), and 2 003 cases (95%CI: 1 156, 3 130) were avoided. Hospitalizations and deaths showed similar trends. Conclusions. Covid-19 events decreased after vaccine rollout among those eligible for vaccination. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Objetivo. Caracterizar el impacto de la campaña de vacunación contra Covid-19 de México en adultos mayores. Material y métodos. Se estimó el cambio absoluto de casos sintomáticos, hospitalizaciones y muertes en personas elegibles (>60 años) para la vacunación y el cambio relativo comparado con grupos no elegibles. Resultados. El momio de casos en adultos mayores de 60 comparado con los de 50-59 disminuyó en 60.3% (IC95%: 53.1, 66.9) el 3 de mayo de 2021. Adicionalmente, 2 003 infecciones (IC95%: 1 156, 3 130) fueron evitadas. Hospitalizaciones y muertes muestran resultados similares. Conclusiones. Los eventos por Covid-19 disminuyeron después del inicio de la vacunación. (Spanish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Salud Pública de México is the property of Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

15.
HCA Healthc J Med ; 12020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1935018

ABSTRACT

Background: It is critical to ensure that Primary Care Providers (PCPs) have adequate personal protective equipment (PPE), supplies, training, staffing, and contingency planning during pandemics, particularly in rural areas. In March 2020, during the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Mountain Area Health Education Center (MAHEC), in collaboration with the Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research at UNC Chapel Hill, rapidly created and conducted a needs assessment of PCPs in western North Carolina (WNC). Methods: A group of twenty volunteers conducted a telephone survey of PCPs in a 16 county region of WNC. Practices were asked about their COVID-19 testing and telehealth offerings, PPE adequacy, and capacity to continue serving patients. The survey's emergency alert feature linked practices to immediate support. Descriptive data were generated to identify regional needs. Results: Out of 110 practices, 48 (43.6%) offered COVID-19 testing, with testing more common in rural counties (56.3% vs 33.9%). Telehealth services, including phone-only visits, were offered by almost all practices (91.8%). PPE needs included N-95 respirators (49.1%), face shields (45.5%), and staff gowns (38.2%). Rural practices were more likely to report the need for PPE. Assistance was requested for staff member childcare (34.5%) and providing or billing for telehealth (31.8%). The most urgent practice requests were related to finances, PPE, and telehealth. MAHEC's Practice Support team linked practices to virtual coaching, tip sheets, case-based video didactics and communication forums, and newsletters. Conclusion: During a pandemic, it is crucial to ensure that PCPs can continue to serve their patients. A rapid needs assessment of PCPs can allow for immediate and ongoing support that matches regional and practice-specific needs. Rural practices may require more assistance than their urban counterparts. Our rapid survey process jumpstarted a statewide system for enhanced communications with PCPs to better prepare for future emergencies.

16.
Gac Med Mex ; 158(2): 69-77, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1934904

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: In pregnant women, a higher risk for developing viral respiratory infections is identified. OBJECTIVE: To analyze sociodemographic characteristics, evolution, clinical manifestations, and complications of pregnant women hospitalized with COVID-19. METHODS: Study conducted at 11 public hospitals; sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, laboratory and imaging findings, pregnancy characteristics, treatment and pregnancy outcome were included for analysis. RESULTS: Age ranged between 15 and 40 years; 85.1% were at third trimester of pregnancy, 11.9% at second and 3% at first; 27% had any comorbidity such as obesity, hypertension or asthma; 89.5% had fever, 73.1% cough, 44.8% dyspnea, 43.3% headache and 35.8% myalgia. Diagnoses were mild disease (55.2%), mild pneumonia (26.9%), severe pneumonia (10.4%), severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome (4.5%), and severe pneumonia with septic shock (3%); 76.2% had noninvasive oxygen support, and 9%, mechanical ventilation. Pregnancy was interrupted in 53.8%; 95.5% were discharged due to improvement of their condition and 4.5% died. CONCLUSIONS: Age range and symptoms are consistent with those previously reported. Evidence was found of an increase in cesarean section without a clear indication in women with COVID-19.


INTRODUCCIÓN: En las mujeres embarazadas se identifica mayor riesgo de desarrollar infecciones respiratorias virales. OBJETIVO: Analizar características sociodemográficas, evolución, manifestaciones clínicas y complicaciones en mujeres embarazadas con COVID-19 que fueron hospitalizadas. MÉTODOS: Estudio en 11 hospitales públicos; se incluyeron variables sociodemográficas, comorbilidades, síntomas y signos, hallazgos de laboratorio y gabinete, características del embarazo, tratamiento y desenlace de la gestación. RESULTADOS: La edad osciló entre 15 y 40 años; 85.1 % cursaba el tercer trimestre del embarazo, 11.9 % el segundo y 3 % el primero; 27 % presentó alguna comorbilidad como obesidad, hipertensión o asma; 89.5 % presentó fiebre, 73.1 % tos, 44.8 % disnea, 43.3 % cefalea y 35.8 % mialgias. Los diagnósticos fueron enfermedad leve (55.2 %), neumonía leve (26.9 %), neumonía severa (10.4 %), neumonía severa con síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo (4.5 %) y neumonía severa con choque séptico (3 %); 76.2 % recibió soporte de oxígeno no invasivo y 9 %, ventilación mecánica. Se interrumpió el embarazo en 53.8 %; 95.5 % egresó por mejoría y 4.5 % falleció. CONCLUSIONES: El rango de edad y los síntomas coinciden con los señalados en la literatura especializada. En mujeres con COVID-19 se evidenció el incremento de la operación cesárea sin una indicación clara.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , Cesarean Section , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnant Women , Young Adult
17.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 31: e20210215, 2022. tab
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1933426

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to verify the association of socioeconomic and clinical data and behavioral habits with the resilience level in people with Diabetes Mellitus during social distancing in the pandemic caused by the new coronavirus disease. Method: a cross-sectional, analytical and exploratory study. The population consisted of users monitored in the Family Health Strategy, diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus, in the municipality of Cuité, Paraíba, Brazil. The sample consisted of 300 participants. The data were collected between November 2020 and February 2021 and operationalized through two forms: one containing socioeconomic and clinical aspects, as well as behavioral habits; and another that was part of the Connor Davidson Resilience Scale for Brazil, consisting of 25 items divided into four factors, namely: tenacity, adaptability, tolerance, dependence on external support, and intuition. In the bivariate analysis, the Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's Exact tests were performed, and the prevalence ratio was calculated, along with the respective 95% confidence intervals. Finally, Poisson Regression with robust variance was applied. Results: the prevalence of having high resilience levels was 43% higher in people under 60 years old, 39% higher in Evangelicals, 36% higher in people who consumed alcoholic beverages and 29% higher in people who practiced some physical activity. Conclusion: an association was evidenced between socioeconomic/clinical data and behavioral habits and a high resilience level; such findings lead to the elaboration of inclusive actions during the pandemic, especially considering the emotional and social aspects, in order to suggest the creation of care strategies aimed at mental health.


RESUMEN Objetivo: verificar la asociación de diversos datos socioeconómicos y clínicos y hábitos conductuales con el nivel de capacidad de recuperación en personas con Diabetes Mellitus durante el período de distanciamiento social en la pandemia de la enfermedad causada por el nuevo coronavirus. Método: estudio de corte transversal, analítico y exploratorio. La población estuvo compuesta por usuarios monitoreados en la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia, diagnosticados con Diabetes Mellitus, en el municipio de Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 300 participantes. Los datos se recolectaron entre noviembre de 2020 y febrero de 2021 y se operacionalizaron por medio de dos formularios: uno con aspectos socioeconómicos y clínicos y hábitos conductuales; y otro que incluyó la Escala de Capacidad de Recuperación de Connor-Davidson para Brasil, constituida por 25 ítems divididos en cuatro factores, a saber: tenacidad, adaptabilidad-tolerancia, dependencia de apoyo externo, e intuición. En el análisis bivariado se aplicaron las pruebas Chi-cuadrado de Pearson y Exacta de Fisher, además de calcularse la relación de prevalencia, con los respectivos intervalos de confianza del 95%. Por último, se aplicó Regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta. Resultados: la prevalencia de tener un nivel de capacidad de recuperación elevado fue 43% mayor en personas de menos de 60 años de edad, 39% mayor en individuos evangélicos, 36% mayor en personas que consumían bebidas alcohólicas y 29% mayor en quienes practicaban alguna actividad física. Conclusión: se hizo evidente una asociación de diversos datos socioeconómicos/clínicos y hábitos conductuales con niveles elevados de capacidad de recuperación; dichos hallazgos conducen al diseño de acciones inclusivas durante a pandemia, considerando especialmente los aspectos emocionales y sociales, con el propósito de sugerir la elaboración de estrategias de atención dirigidas a la salud mental.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar a associação entre dados socioeconômicos, clínicos e hábitos comportamentais ao nível de resiliência em pessoas com diabetes mellitus durante o distanciamento social na pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus. Método: estudo de corte transversal, analítico e exploratório. A população consistiu em usuários acompanhados na Estratégia Saúde da Família, diagnosticados com diabetes mellitus, no município de Cuité, Paraíba, Brasil. A amostra foi composta de 300 participantes. Os dados foram coletados entre novembro de 2020 a fevereiro de 2021 e operacionalizados por meio de dois formulários: um contendo aspectos socioeconômicos, clínicos, hábitos comportamentais e; outro que constou da Escala de Resiliência de Connor-Davidson para o Brasil, constituída por 25 itens divididos em quatro fatores, sendo eles: tenacidade, adaptabilidade-tolerância, dependência de apoio externo e intuição. Na análise bivariada foram realizados testes Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher e calculada a razão de prevalência, com os respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. Por fim, foi operacionalizada a Regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: a prevalência em ter alto nível de resiliência foi 43% maior em menores de 60 anos, 39% maior em evangélicos, 36% maior em pessoas que consumiam bebida alcoólica e 29% maior em pessoas que praticavam atividade física. Conclusão: evidenciou-se associação entre dados socioeconômicos, clínicos e hábitos comportamentais ao nível de resiliência alto; tais achados direcionam para a construção de ações inclusivas durante a pandemia, considerando, sobretudo os aspectos emocionais e sociais, com o intuito de sugerir a criação de estratégias de cuidado voltada à saúde mental.

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Non-conventional in Chinese | WHOIRIS, Grey literature | ID: grc-754464
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