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1.
Journal of Fungal Research ; 19(1):1-5, 2021.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056454

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews and summarizes the development and current situation of China's edible fungi industry. The impact of the coronavirus epidemic on the edible fungus industry is analyzed, and the new opportunities and challenges of the mushroom industry are discussed. The new path of the development of edible fungi industry in the post epidemic era is expounded, and the direction for the sustainable development of edible fungi industry in China is also pointed out.

2.
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation ; 46(9), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2052701

ABSTRACT

Virgin Coconut oil (VCO), owing to its functional properties (important in COVID-19), is costly and, therefore, susceptible to adulteration with other cheaper oils like coconut oil. An enzyme-based biosensor confirmative test of VCO was constructed by co-immobilizing enzymes onto a glassy carbon electrode. The performance of the biosensor was optimized at a potential of +0.5 V with 45 mg gelatin, 30 mg BSA coupled with 2.5% glutaraldehyde at pH 7.0 with an incubation time of 1 hr. Adulterated samples of VCO with coconut oil (CO) were analyzed. The concentration of diglyceride (DG) was estimated from the empirical relation, which showed a linear increase with the increase in adulteration. The developed biosensor was validated using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods using a paired sample t test at a 5% significance level. The biosensor could detect adulteration in VCO with CO above 20% within 3-5 s and can be reused for 25 days.

3.
Indian Coconut Journal ; 64(7):23-26, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045305

ABSTRACT

Monolaurin and lauric acid (C12) have demonstrated considerable viral activity. Lauric acid is a medium-chain fatty acid that accounts for around 50% of coconut oil;monolaurin is a metabolite produced by the body's enzymes after ingestion of coconut oil and is available as a supplement. Sodium lauryl sulfate, a lauric acid-based surfactant, exhibits antiviral properties. Several antiviral products contain lauric acid, monolaurin, and sodium lauryl sulfate (also known as sodium dodecyl sulfate). This article summarizes the 3 mechanisms proposed to explain the antiviral activity of lauric acid and monolaurin: first, they cause virus envelope disintegration;second, they can inhibit late maturation in the virus replication cycle;and third, they can prevent viral proteins from binding to the host cell membrane. This article also discusses several in vitro, animal, and human research that support the potential of coconut oil, lauric acid, and its derivatives.

4.
Jiangsu Journal of Agricultural Sciences ; 38(4):1099-1105, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040042

ABSTRACT

In this paper, fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) was used to analyze the relationship between export growth of edible fungi and trade environment under the background of COVID-19 prevalence from a configurational perspective. The results showed that, single environmental factor did not constitute a necessary condition for high export growth. There were three trade environment configurations that generated high export growth, and there was a complementary relationship between epidemic risk of COVID-19 and economic growth, technical barrier. Both epidemic risk of COVID-19 and technical barrier showed a bidirectional effect on export growth. Economic cardinality and economic growth jointly affected the sensitivity of export growth to transportation cost.

5.
Journal of Food Safety and Quality ; 13(6):1974-1982, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034537

ABSTRACT

Since the 1990s, food safety has caused widespread concern from all walks of life. According to the theory of bibliometrics and scientific knowledge map and knowledge mining method, this paper quantitatively analyzed and visualized 3024 food safety papers and 31032 references in the core collection of Web of Science (WoS) to explore their research status, topic evolution and development trend. The number of academic papers in the field of international food safety increased by 11 times during the past 31 years;the knowledge structure of this field consists of foodborne pathogenic bacteria, food safety cognition, public health and food safety management;its research topics showed an evolution from consumer behavior and food-borne diseases to food safety risk management, food safety governance, food traceability system, food testing, to food global value chain, heavy metal excess, pesticide residues, food safety culture, to blockchain technology, Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, food fraud;food safety knowledge and willingness to pay premium, food contamination, aquatic seafood safety, vegetable safety, blockchain, COVID-19 represent the frontier trends, so as to provide references for academic research and government supervision in this field.

6.
Alanya Academic Review ; 6(2):2481-2498, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026415

ABSTRACT

In this study, the time-varying dynamic relationships among real exchange rate, average real oil price and food inflation is investigated in Turkey during the period of 2006:1-2021:12. For this reason, TVP-VAR models are applied. The findings from this study revealed that the pass-through effect of real exchange rate on food inflation increases rapidly during the COVID-19 pandemic, and this effect reaches the highest level in October 2021 in which the fluctuations in exchange rate occured. Besides, it is detected that raises in average oil prices significantly enhance food inflation since the vaccination proccess, starting in early 2021, has caused increases in production and demand.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences ; 44(2):242-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026021

ABSTRACT

Low self-sufficiency rate and the higher foreign dependence rate of about 87% have seriously threatened the soybean safety in China. In recent years, with the changes of the international situation and the COVID-19 epidemic, soybean production, processing and consumption in China have attracted more attention at home and abroad. China unveiled "No. 1 central document" proposed a soybean revitalization plan in 2019, putting forward the goal of "one expansion and two improvements" to strengthen the competitiveness of China's soybean industry in the international agricultural market. This paper reviewed the current situation of soybean production, processing, trade and consumption in China in recent years, and upgraded strategies to enhance China's soybean industry and enhanced the self-sufficiency rate according to China's national conditions.

8.
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Horticolas ; 16(1), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025869

ABSTRACT

Cape gooseberry fruits have positioned in the world market due to their excellent nutritional characteristics, because they are an ideal food that contributes to raising the defenses of the human body and helps it to face diseases such as COVID-19, they are also a natural source of antioxidants and anticancer agents. In order to avoid the physiopathy of cracking in cape gooseberry fruits, these were characterized at harvest time, coming from greenhouse plants irrigated with different applications of water levels and irrigation frequencies, as well as different calcium doses, in a design of randomized complete blocks with 12 treatments. The blocks were the irrigation frequencies (4, 9 and 14 days), while the treatments were the combination of four irrigation coefficients (0.7, 0.9, 1.1 and 1.3 of the evaporation of the tank class A) and three doses of calcium (0, 50 and 100 kg ha-1). The plants were sown in 20 L pots with peat moss substrate. Fruits were harvested at the color stage 5 and 6 of the calyx, from 19 weeks after transplanting. The different water levels and irrigation frequencies did not significantly affect the firmness of the cape gooseberry fruits, but there was a strong tendency that cracked gooseberry fruits are less firm than healthy fruits. As the irrigation coefficient increased, the total soluble solids (TSS) increased while the total titratable acids (TTA) decreased. Irrigation frequency of 14 days generated fruits with higher TSS and pH values. The calcium doses did not affect the calcium concentration in the fruits or the TSS, TTA and pH values. Therefore, it can be concluded that incremented irrigation coefficients (up to 1.3) increase the quality of cape gooseberry fruits.

9.
Journal of Humanities and Tourism Research ; 12(2):405-416, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025666

ABSTRACT

In this study, the New Coronavirus Covid-19 disease, which first emerged in China in 2019 and spread all over the world in a short time, was tried to be conveyed by using the consumers' attitudes towards functional foods, the literature review and a descriptive research model based on quantitative data. The aim of the study is to reveal the attitudes, awareness and acceptance of consumers towards functional foods during the Covid-19 pandemic process, and to create a perspective for consumers in all age groups. In the study, an online questionnaire method was used for 200 people residing in Istanbul to measure the opinions of consumers about the level of knowledge, awareness and conformity towards functional foods. It was determined that the majority of the participants were 55.0% of individuals between the ages of 25-34, 66.5% of individuals with a university education level and 67.5% of women working in the education sector. While 72.5% of the participants in the study stated that they had not heard of the concept of functional food, 76.0% stated that they did not have any knowledge about these foods. Among the functional foods they know most, probiotic yoghurts (99.0%), kefir products and herbal teas at the same rate (98.5%), cereal biscuits in terms of fiber (98.0%), fruit juices with increased vitamins (97.0%) is coming.

10.
MENA RP Working Paper 2021. (37):v + 36 pp. many ref. ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2022487

ABSTRACT

The Egyptian government has prioritized the idea of cluster-based development-that is, the geographic concentration of specialized firms, such as in this case, those producing similar or related products. The establishment of such clusters, however, presents significant challenges, bottlenecks, and obstacles. Based on primary field work, this paper focuses on two case studies of the impacts of shocks on business clusters. The first study involved the relocation of an established leather cluster from Cairo to a newly created industrial park, Robbiki Leather City, which was promoted by Egypt's Ministry of Trade and Industry. Although the relocation partly solved the existing issues of water contamination, new challenges emerged relating to increased production and transportation costs, and unforeseen impacts on the community. The second study assessed the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a business cluster producing medicinal and aromatic plants. Overall the MAPs sector was resilient to the outbreak and there are opportunities to offset any negative impacts of the pandemic by taking advantage of new markets for Egyptian MAPs stemming from supply disruptions in other countries;increased global demand for MAPs due to their pharmacological and health properties;and increased international demand for organically grown MAPs. Findings indicate that it is essential for governments to develop policy responses to the challenges - and especially barriers - to the development of business clusters, while simultaneously supporting and creating incentives for the cooperation, entrepreneurship, and collective action needed for business clusters to thrive and grow. As anticipated, challenges and obstacles - whether overarching or in response to shocks - are unique to specific sectors, contexts, and times, and hence need to be dealt with as an ongoing facilitation process.

11.
Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy ; 11(3):1-1, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012258

ABSTRACT

This study provides a simple, widely available deterrence medication to minimize COVID-19 infection using by tea and coffee infusions. By mixing white with an equal amount of water, add a small amount of tea/coffee infusion. Dull brownish albumen-tannin complex, a soft precipitate is formed and sinks to the bottom. The infusion should reach the furthest points in the respiratory tract so that a maximum number of viral particles are trapped. It is necessary to hold the infusion rolling about for a little while, 20 seconds in the mouth before swallowing. Gargling with the infusion is better. Tannins in tea or coffee infusions will form complexes with the 4-5 types of viral surface proteins [spikes], rendering them ineffective. Protein-tannin astringent complexation is a fundamental chemical reaction and is bound to act, unlike specific antimetabolites or enzyme-mediated actions of antibiotics. In fact, tannins react to some extent with the cell lining of the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach. Tannins also chelate iron [Fe] and other metal ions required for many of the metabolic reactions of micro-organisms [viruses?], depriving them of these nutrients and further retarding their propagation. Two gargles per day, 12 hours apart, are recommended to disable the virus and eventually kill it. The procedure disables free viruses before tissue invasion. Therefore, the earlier the gargle commences, the better. Suspected contacts should preferably have three daily eight-hourly gargles. Astringent activity is an added activity of tea and coffee, demonstrated in this study [using E. coli and Salmonella] to that of immune boosting action generally spoken about.

12.
CC&T, Cadernos de Ciencia & Tecnologia ; 39(1), 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1994962

ABSTRACT

The consumption of vegetables is essential for the population's quality of life, especially in a period of sanitary crisis caused by the new coronavirus. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the initial impact of the pandemic on vegetable consumption habits in Brazil, evaluating the relationship between monthly income and the main factors that guided consumers when purchasing vegetables in Brazil. With this purpose, at the beginning of the pandemic, a questionnaire was applied through GoogleR Forms, which was disseminated online through applications and social networks in the form of an opinion poll. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square test in order to verify the association of income with decision-making factors in the consumption of vegetables in Brazil. The results indicated that income shapes consumer behavior and exerts different impacts for certain vegetable crops. In addition, quality stood out as a more important factor than nutritional benefits when consumers were purchasing vegetables, even during the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil.

13.
Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics ; 12(3):138-157, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1975615

ABSTRACT

Revitalization of local health traditions (RLHT) has become an inevitable aspect of human wellbeing in the post COVID era. An ethnobotanical survey was carried out to collect information on local health traditions and cultural reflections associate with the age old use of wild edible fruits (WEFs) from common plants in Melur Region of Madurai district, TamilNadu, India as the habit of consuming WEFs is quite common among people in this region and has not been completely abandoned in particular among the age old people. Information presented in this paper has been gathered from local people using an integrated approach of botanical collections, group discussions and interviews with questionnaires during the period from Apr 2021 to Mar 2022. As much as 29 informants were interviewed, among the informants 6 were local health-care practitioners (Vidiyars). Studies on the use of WEFs from common plants in Melur resulted in collection and documentation of information on a total of 34 ethnomedicinal plant species distributed across 20 families. Medicinal plants used by local people are listed with scientific name, family, local name, plant part(s) used, mode of consumption and preparation and medicinal uses. Data collected during the study clearly indicates that fresh parts of the plant (Fruit (Ripe/ Unripe)) were more preferred in general for the preparation of medicinal formulations by the local health practitioners. Documented ethnomedicinal plants were mostly used to cure long term complications associated with diabetics, gastrointestinal disorders, skin diseases, poison bites and nervous disorders. Howsoever, results of this study is clear record to the claim that the local people still depend on medicinal plants to overcome situations like COVID pandemic as fruits from most of the plants documented serve as natural source of immune boosters. Further, in-depth studies (both In-silico and Pre Clinical trials) are expected to bring to limelight the hidden quantum of bioactive compounds in the fruits these medicinal plants and their therapeutic potential.

14.
International Journal of Agricultural Technology ; 18(3):1221-1232, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1970848

ABSTRACT

Result found that most of the guardians (95%) of the students grew more than 5 kinds of vegetables. All of the guardians (100%) were chosen to grow organic vegetables and they could perform well in terms of vegetable growing methods and caretaking with their children. These vegetables were used for household consumption and it helped to reduce food expenses by 30%. The promotion of vegetable gardening was truly reduced household expenses with a statistical significance level of 0.05. Findings was showed a statistically significant difference level at 0.01 by student learning achievement before and after the promotion. The farmers were satisfied with the online suggestions of the teachers at the highest level (x =4.65). Learning together and attitude inspiration were also found at the highest level (x = 4.38 and 4.25, respectively). Besides, the promotion process using online media technology stimulated actual practice and created skills in the management of vegetable gardening. The promotion of vegetable gardening also created the pride of local value, participatory learning, learning society (online social media), value-added of yields, and food security of farmer households.

15.
Economics of Agriculture ; 69(2):441-453, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1964484

ABSTRACT

Agroindustry is traditionally an unavoidable category in the analysis of any economy. The objectives of the research are to present a summary of the profit and financial positions of agro industrial companies in the period of COVID-19, and to analyze financial vitality in the context of liquidity of manufacture of food products and beverages, in the year 2020 and 2019, as well as its' average five-year parameters. The findings show that the liquidity indicators are below the desirable norms and overall liquidity assessment is unfavorable. Further analysis by subsectors has revealed differences in profit positions by subsectors, due to different effects of the crisis, so the findings can serve as an incentive to review decisions of all stakeholders, including economic creators' policy.

16.
Global Oils & Fats: Business Magazine ; 18(4):28-32, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958437

ABSTRACT

This article looks at the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the global palm oil market as well as the post-pandemic outlook for the market. It is indicated that, in the long-term, the post-pandemic outlook for the palm oil industry remains bright. Since the last quarter of 2019, palm oil supply and demand are back in balance, while stocks are declining. Prices have been relatively high for most of 2020 and 2021. Also discussed are the proven benefits of palm oil and the opportunity of the palm oil sector to achieve UN goals.

17.
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales ; 7(13), 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958302

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we analyze the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and the preventive and compulsory social isolation, called ASPO in Argentina (Decree 297/2020), on the temporary and cyclical mobility of agricultural workers towards different productive areas of the country. On the one hand, we observe the effects on workers of Salta province who were involved in harvesting and packing tasks in the viniculture sector in Mendoza and the fruit growing sector in Rio Negro when the ASPO was declared by the government. On the other hand, we inquiry about the impact on Bolivian workers that were doing different works in tobacco and horticulture farms in Salta province at the beginning of the pandemic and the isolation measures. Moreover, we observe some effects on Bolivian people that were permanently (residents) or temporarily in Salta at the time when the ASPO and the closing of the border between Argentina and Bolivia began. The findings are based on interviews to agricultural workers, leaders of social organizations both from Bolivia and Salta origin, and civil servants of the Bolivian consulate in Salta carried out during 2020 and 2021. We incorporate in our analysis the collection of national and provincial news articles, web portals, decrees and official resolutions. We also include the findings of our previous research conducted before the pandemic about Bolivian mobility associated to tobacco and horticulture labor market in Salta province.

18.
Indian Coconut Journal ; 64(8):16-24, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958056

ABSTRACT

Relevant fields which require ample attention in the coconut sector are discussed, including: rejuvenation, replanting and plantation development;production of quality planting materials with high productivity, new propagation methods, and seed/seedling sharing;development of scientific cultivation suitable for inter/multi species crops and coordination of international research;integrated processing and value addition;awareness raising, marketing and promotion;and formation of a marketing strategy for coconut value added products.

19.
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia ; 10(1):159-168, 2022.
Article in Indonesian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934942

ABSTRACT

The pandemic Covid-19 has impacted global economy, including Indonesia. In response to dealing with the spread of Covid-19 cases, Indonesian government has imposed social restrictions which directly impacts people's economic activities including food sector. Considering rice as the main food product for most Indonesian people, this study aimed to analyze the transmission of rice prices from the producer level to the consumer level during the Covid-19 pandemic. Price transmission describes the impact of changes in the price of an item at one market level on changes in the price of the item at another market level. The data used is daily time series data from March 2020 to March 2021. The data analyzed using the Vector Autoregressive (VAR) approach. The VAR estimation results show that producer prices and consumer prices do not affect each other. The absence of price transmission between producers and consumers may indicate that government intervention to maintain rice prices during the Covid-19 pandemic has been effective.

20.
Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology ; 43(10):5-16, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929196

ABSTRACT

The current study is the reviews of the work done for pest infestation in different legume pulse grains Pulse grains have been found to have different susceptibility for the attack of pulse beetle. An insect has varied fecundity on different varieties of pulses. India is agriculture based country and agriculture is the key sector of Indian economy. Including many kharif and rabbi crops, pulses are cultivated in all parts of country. Pulse cultivation has its own significant place in agriculture as it has been considered as complimentary to cereal crop in many aspects and positioned as a second most important crop plant [1]. Study indicates 20-40% of dry matter of pulse grains is made up of beneficial dietary proteins [2]. Insufficiency of adequate amount of protein in diet may lead to protein energy malnutrition. Like poverty and hunger, to combat PEM is another great provocation for agriculture and nation. Pulse grains legumes are good source of protein and other nutrient materials. Crop plant of Arhar has its own advantage for agriculture. The leguminous plants are used in crop rotation to improve the fertility of soil as the root nodules harbor the nitrogen fixing bacteria;fixes atmospheric nitrogen to nitrogen compound about 72-350 kg/hectare/year . The current study emphasizes the different facts of pulse beetle and their infestation in arhar seed grains. About eight months of the year have been found to be susceptible for infestation;remarkable growth and development of pests continue during six months of the year. Arhar pulse grains are most suitable for pest infestation. Bold variety of arhar was identified to be the most preferred for maximum oviposition having larger and smooth surface area. Temperature suitable for oviposition was noticed between 28-370c. Developmental period was found to be of lesser duration and survival of adults was more in bold varieties as compared to the smaller variety. Developmental period was recorded as 24-30.3 days in bold legume grains and 26-32.3 days in smaller size grains. Survival of male and female insect pest was also different as male survived for 7-10.6 days and females for 8.3-12.6 days. Increased growth rate of insect population was there with the increase in temperature and humidity. Significant Weight loss, content loss and percent germination loss have been found in the pulse grains of both varieties in the current studies. Indian economy relies significantly on agriculture and loss and damage of complementary crop plant certainly affect it. At this point there is need to consider the condition of Mass poverty of India after pandemic covid -19 which has been ascertained after more than 45 years The outcome of pandemic recession is more than 2 fold increase in the number of poor from 60 million in a year to 134 million (Reports of downtoearth.org.in). Furthermore any rise in price would snatch the accessibility of the easily available protein diet from people living in indigence.

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