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1.
Nutrition and Food Science ; 53(4):752-768, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2321833

ABSTRACT

PurposeThis study aims to identify the dietary patterns of two groups of subjects (with and without COVID-19), and to assess the relationship of findings with the prognosis of COVID-19 and metabolic risk parameters.Design/methodology/approachThis study included 100 individuals in the age range of 19–65 years. The medical history, and data on biochemical, hematological and inflammatory indicators were retrieved from the files. A questionnaire for the 24-h food record and the food intake frequency was administered in face-to-face interviews, and dietary patterns of subjects were assessed.FindingsIn individuals with COVID-19, the hip circumference, the waist-hip ratio and the body fat percentage were significantly higher (p < 0.05), and the muscle mass percentage was significantly lower (p < 0.05). Mediterranean diet adherence screener (MEDAS), dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) and healthy eating ındex-2015 (HEI-2015) scores were low in the two groups. A linear correlation of DASH scores was found with the muscle mass percentage (p = 0.046) and a significant inverse correlation of with the body fat percentage (p = 0.006). HEI-2015 scores were significantly and negatively correlated with body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference and neck circumference (p < 0.05). Every one-unit increase in MEDAS, DASH and HEI-2015 scores caused reductions in C-reactive protein levels at different magnitudes. Troponin-I was significantly and negatively correlated with fruit intake (p = 0.044), a component of a Mediterranean diet and with HEI-2015 total scores (p = 0.032).Research limitations/implicationsThe limitation of this study includes the small sample size and the lack of dietary interventions. Another limitation is the use of the food recall method for the assessment of dietary patterns. This way assessments were performed based on participants' memory and statements.Practical implicationsFollowing a healthy diet pattern can help reduce the metabolic risks of COVÍD-19 disease.Originality/valueDespite these limitations, this study is valuable because, to the best of the authors' knowledge, it is the first study demonstrating the association of dietary patterns with disease prognosis and metabolic risks concerning COVID-19. This study suggests that dietary patterns during the COVID-19 process may be associated with several metabolic risks and inflammatory biomarkers.

2.
Acta Technica Napocensis Series-Applied Mathematics Mechanics and Engineering ; 65(3):843-852, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2311024
3.
Hum Factors Ergon Manuf ; 31(6): 664-678, 2021 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2263978

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to investigate the usability of conventional masks to prevent the transmission of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) and subsequently design the proposed concept of the mask to reduce leakage and increase efficiency. Acute respiratory syndrome COVID-19 is spreading around the world and can be transmitted from one person with COVID-19 to another through personal contact and breathing. Improper design of current masks can lead to virus transmission. One hundred fifteen users participated in the study using a simple random sampling method in which N95-FFP2 face mask and surgery face mask usability tests were chosen as the most widely used face masks in Iranian people with an online usability questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS. The results showed that the usability of the N95-FFP2 face mask with a total average of 4.46 and a surgical mask with a total average of 3.35 cannot be considered acceptable. Anthropometric and formal changes in people's faces and improper design of the face masks used make it necessary to review the mask redesign measures to increase the prevention of pathogens. In this study, new parameters for face mask design are proposed. Thirty different types of jaws have been considered with the help of CorelDRAW software, along with ideas for optimal mask design with UVW mask concept to be accessed by manufacturers around the world.

4.
Applied Sciences ; 13(4):2174, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2249305
5.
Journal of Environmental Engineering (United States) ; 149(1), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2245005
6.
11th International Workshop on Innovative Simulation for Health Care, IWISH 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2164749
7.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1082(1):012033, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037346
8.
Indian J Phys Proc Indian Assoc Cultiv Sci (2004) ; 96(14): 4091-4101, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1859147

ABSTRACT

To combat the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), great efforts have been made by scientists around the world to improve the performance of detection devices so that they can efficiently and quickly detect the virus responsible for this disease. In this context we performed 2D finite element simulation on the kinetics of SARS-CoV-2 S protein binding reaction of a biosensor using the alternating current electrothermal (ACET) effect. The ACET flow can produce vortex patterns, thereby improving the transportation of the target analyte to the binding surface and thus enhancing the performance of the biosensor. Optimization of some design parameters concerning the microchannel height and the reaction surface, such as its length as well as its position on the top wall of the microchannel, in order to improve the biosensor efficiency, was studied. The results revealed that the detection time can be improved by 55% with an applied voltage of 10 V rms and an operating frequency of 150 kHz and that the decrease in the height of the microchannel and in the length of the binding surface can lead to an increase in the rate of the binding reaction and therefore decrease the biosensor response time. Also, moving the sensitive surface from an optimal position, located in front of the electrodes, decreases the performance of the device.

9.
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management ; 29(4):1609-1641, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1779034
10.
IOP Conference Series. Materials Science and Engineering ; 1052(1), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1672096
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