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1.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 751929, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2215298

ABSTRACT

Fever remains an integral part of acute infectious diseases management, especially for those without effective therapeutics, but the widespread myths about "fevers" and the presence of confusing guidelines from different agencies, which have heightened during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and are open to alternate interpretation, could deny whole populations the benefits of fever. Guidelines suggesting antipyresis for 37.8-39°C fever are concerning as 39°C boosts the protective heat-shock and immune response (humoral, cell-mediated, and nutritional) whereas ≥40°C initiates/enhances the antiviral responses and restricts high-temperature adapted pathogens, e.g., severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), strains of influenza, and measles. Urgent attention is accordingly needed to address the situation because of the potential public health consequences of the existence of conflicting guidelines in the public domain. We have in this article attempted to restate the benefits of fever in disease resolution, dispel myths, and underline the need for alignment of national treatment guidelines with that of the WHO, to promote appropriate practices and reduce the morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases, such as COVID-19.

4.
Health Science Reports ; 6(1), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2209018

ABSTRACT

Monkeypox (MPX) has been declared a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization. As of November 4, 2022, 78,000 verified cases from 109 countries and territories, and 40 deaths have been reported due to MPX. The present article highlights salient hospital-based prevention and control measures to be adopted and their critical role to mitigate the ongoing MPX outbreaks and global public health emergency.

5.
Health Science Reports ; 6(1), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2209006

ABSTRACT

3 It has been linked to several outbreaks since its simultaneous identification and characterization in 1967 in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany, as well as in Belgrade, Serbia. 4 A few documented cases of MVD have been reported in Africa from 1975 to 1985. [...]1998, MVD was not considered as fatal as the Ebola virus. Hemorrhagic fever syndromes though a crucial disease indication. Because they resembled more widespread illnesses like malaria and typhoid, early instances may be overlooked. There is currently no recognized vaccine or antiviral medication for treating MVD. 1 A few documented cases of MVD have been reported in Africa are undergoing Phase I, II, and III clinical studies. 12 A standardized literature review reported that antiviral drugs such as Galidesivir, Favipiravir, and Remdesivir showed promising results with an 83% to 100% success rate when the drugs are given at a specific dosage regimen. 2 Though their efficacy is not fully proven against a large population, their usage is not yet approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or any other authorized organization. 2 In brief, when the Marburg virus comes into human contact, it only takes a few days to cause a deathly situation, and effective treatment is not available yet. [...]it is more important to consider the outbreak of MVD as an alarming situation. There are some common overlapping symptoms of these three viral infections. [...]the global health-care authorities should develop and adopt differential diagnostic techniques for quick detection and isolation of cases.

6.
Clinical Case Reports ; 11(1), 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2208923

ABSTRACT

This report described a rare case of subcutaneous anaerobic bacterial abscess due to Peptoniphilus olsenii and Gleimia europaea after COVID-19. The patient received incision and drainage of the abscess and antibiotics, thereby achieving recovery. Immunodeficiency related to COVID-19 and its treatment might contribute to secondary skin and subcutaneous bacterial infections.

7.
Bioengineering and Translational Medicine. ; 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2208911

ABSTRACT

Despite being a convenient clinical substrate for biomonitoring, saliva's widespread utilization has not yet been realized. The non-Newtonian, heterogenous, and highly viscous nature of saliva complicate the development of automated fluid handling processes that are vital for accurate diagnoses. Furthermore, conventional saliva processing methods are resource and/or time intensive precluding certain testing capabilities, with these challenges aggravated during a pandemic. The conventional approaches may also alter analyte structure, reducing application opportunities in point-of-care diagnostics. To overcome these challenges, we introduce the SHEAR saliva collection device that mechanically processes saliva, in a rapid and resource-efficient way. We demonstrate the device's impact on reducing saliva's viscosity, improving sample's uniformity, and increasing diagnostic performance of a COVID-19 rapid antigen test. Additionally, a formal user experience study revealed generally positive comments. SHEAR saliva collection device may support realization of the saliva's potential, particularly in large-scale and/or resource-limited settings for global and community diagnostics. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Bioengineering & Translational Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

8.
Information ; 14(1):5, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208579

ABSTRACT

Google Trends (GT) is a useful real-time surveillance tool for epidemic outbreaks such as monkeypox (Mpox). GT provides hour-by-hour (real-time) data for the last seven days of Google searches. Non-real-time data are a random sample that encompasses search trends from 2004 and up to 72 h. Google Health Trends (GHT) API extracts daily raw search probabilities relative to the time period and size of the underlying population. However, little is known about the utility of GT real-time surveillance and GHT API following the public health announcements. Thus, this study aimed to analyzed Mpox GT real-time, non-real-time, and GHT API data 72 h before and after the WHO declared Mpox a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) in the top five Mpox-affected countries. Joinpoint regression was used to measure hourly percentage changes (HPC) in search volume. The WHO PHEIC statement on Mpox generated 18,225.6 per 10 million Google searches in the U.S. and Germany (946.8), and in 0–4 h, the HPC increased by an average of 103% (95% CI: 37.4–200.0). This study showed the benefits of real-time surveillance and the GHT API for monitoring online demand for information on emerging infectious diseases such as Mpox.

9.
Int Dent J ; 73(1):1-2, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2208189
10.
Revista Ibérica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informação ; - (E53):33-45, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207906

ABSTRACT

Palabras-clave: Hoteles;Pandemia Covid-19;Sostenibilidad;Turismo : Tourism worldwide was one of the great victims of the Covid-19 pandemic;According to the UNWTO, the arrival of tourists is reduced by 74% for the 2020 period compared to the data from the previous year;this, taking into account the measures and protocols imposed by governments to reduce contagion. The restrictions directly affected the tourist accommodation activity carried out at the national and international level;specifically, the municipality of Zipaquirá, Cundinamarca known as the Salt Capital of Colombia;where every year nationals and foreigners visit the Salt Cathedral and therefore look for a place to stay;hence the importance of the investigation since the hotel entities presented several difficulties to continue in the market. Keywords: Hotels;Covid-19 pandemic;Sustainability;Tourism 1.Introducción El virus SARS-CoV-2 conocido a nivel mundial como Covid-19 ocasionó cambios drásticos en la economía global;debido al cierre temporal de gran parte de las industrias se generó un estancamiento retrasando los procesos económicos que se traducen en pérdidas a nivel local, regional, nacional e inclusive internacional;específicamente, en los territorios en los que su mayor potencial era el turismo;según Díaz, (2020) "Uno de los principales sectores afectados ha sido el de la actividad turística, dado el control de la movilidad y de las actividades no esenciales" para Colombia, según el DANE (2020) en el segundo trimestre del año 2020 el PIB "decrece en un 15,7% respecto al periodo inmediatamente anterior;especialmente en actividades de alojamiento y servicios de comida disminuye 34,3%". Suspende el expendio de bebidas alcohólicas para consumo dentro de establecimientos, habilita la venta de estos por comercio electrónico o por entrega a domicilio" (MPS y MINTIC, 2020, como se citó en ANATO, s.f.) Para mayo de 2020 surge el decreto 636 (Ministerio Del Interior) y 637 (Presidencia de la República) en el cual se Ordena aislamiento preventivo obligatorio en todo el territorio nacional y se Declara el Estado de Emergencia Económica, Social y Ecológica en todo el territorio nacional respectivamente;por lo cual inicia la problemática para los hoteles a nivel nacional, teniendo en cuenta que se decretó aislamiento preventivo, por consiguiente se cancelaron las reservas;según el Boletín Técnico Muestra Mensual de Hoteles (DANE, 2020) "cuyo objetivo consiste en producir información coyuntural sobre la evolución de la actividad hotelera con base en las variables de ingresos, personal ocupado e indicadores específicos de la actividad como porcentaje de ocupación, tarifas promedio por tipo de acomodación y distribución de los huéspedes según motivo de viaje" confirma que los ingresos reales de los hoteles en lo corrido hasta el mes de mayo del año 2020 disminuyeron en un 42,7% respecto al periodo anterior;por su parte la variación anual de los ingresos reales específicamente en el mes de mayo del año 2020 disminuyó en un 93,5% en paralelo con el año 2019 en el cual se veía un incremento del 19,5%.

11.
Revista Ibérica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informação ; - (E53):362-374, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207898

ABSTRACT

Él primer caso de dengue fue reportado en china en el año 992 y en el año 1975 esta enfermedad cubrió gran parte del mundo y causo muchas muertes especialmente entre los niños, posteriormente en los años 80 se volvió una epidemia común, al comienzo de los años 2000 el dengue se convirtió en la segunda enfermedad más común de las transmitidas por vectores, se compone de cuatro serotipos virales diferenciable 1,2,3 y 4 cualquiera de ellas es capaz de producir las formas graves de la enfermedad , no obstante los serotipo 2,3 están asociados a una mayor cantidad de casos graves y fallecimientos, la enfermedad del dengue cuenta de 3 etapas , fase inicial que se da desde el momento del contagio hasta que se producen los primeros síntomas, Fase clínica la enfermedad comienza a mostrar los síntomas característicos , cuando la enfermedad sobrepasa la barrera de los seis meses pasa a ser crónica y se debe aplicar un tratamiento adecuado para asegurar una pronta recuperación sin secuelas, luego tenemos la fase de resolución en esta fase existen varias vertientes puede ser que la enfermedad termine o pase a ser crónica o incluso llegar a ser terminal, según reportes en los últimos 50 años su incidencia ha incrementado anualmente ocurren un supuesto de 50 millones de infectados, en América en el año 2018 se notificaron 560.586 casos con una incidencia de 57,3 por cada 100.000 habitantes de los cuales 3.535 fueron clasificados como dengue grave. The first case of dengue fever was reported in China in 992 and in 1975 this disease covered much of the world and caused many deaths, especially among children, later in the 1980s it became a common epidemic, at the beginning of the 2000s dengue became the second most common vector-borne disease, it is composed of four distinguishable viral serotypes 1,2,3 and 4 any of them is capable of producing severe forms of the disease, however serotype 2.3 are associated with a greater number of serious cases and deaths, dengue disease has 3 stages, initial phase that occurs from the moment of contagion until the first symptoms occur, Clinical phase of the disease begins to show characteristic symptoms, when the disease exceeds the barrier of six months it becomes chronic and an appropriate treatment must be applied to ensure a prompt recovery without sequelae, then we have the resolution phase in this phase there are several aspects it may be that the disease ends or passes be chronic or even become terminal, according to reports in the last 50 years its incidence has increased annually, an assumption of 50 million infected occur, in America in 2018 560,586 cases were reported with an incidence of 57.3 per 100,000 inhabitants of which 3,535 were classified as severe dengue. Dengue in Ecuador represents a priority problem in public health, this is due to the fact that each year there are a large number of cases, in 2018 Ecuador reported 3,094 cases, of which 2,965 were dengue without an alarm sign and 123 cases were reported with alarm sign, in the last six years Ecuador has reported a greater number of cases in 2018 and 2020. Al comienzo de los años 2000, el dengue se ha transformado en la segunda enfermedad más común de las transmitidas por mosquitos, que causan daño a los seres humanos, solo después de la malaria El dengue lo componen cuatro serotipos virales serológicamente diferenciables (dengue 1,2,3 y 4) que comparten analógicamente estructurales y patogénicas por lo que cualquiera de ellas es capaz de producir las formas graves de la enfermedad, sin embargo, los serotipos 2 y 3 han estado asociados a la mayor cantidad de casos graves y fallecidos (Saavedra-Velasco et al., 2020) Los arbovirus se encuentran compuestos por partículas de 40 a 50 nm de diámetro que consisten de proteínas estructurales de la envoltura, membrana y cápside, así como un genoma de ácido ribonucleico, también se encuentran otras proteínas no estructurales NS1, NS2A, NS2B, NS3, NS4A, NS4B Y NS5-3 (Saavedra-Velasco et al., 2020) ha sido reportada la trasmisión vertical del vi us del dengue en estudios descriptivos entre 1.6 y 64 % en mujeres embarazadas.

12.
Procesamiento del Lenguaje Natural ; 67:37-44, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207669

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID 19), colloquially referred to as coronavirus, escalated into a global pandemic with severe transmission and mortality rates in 2019. Despite the escalation of the virus' worldwide impact in 2020, numerous studies on Natural Language Processing in Spanish have neglected corpus construction or word embedding, especially conspicuous in its absence being the corpora involving coronavirus or infectious diseases. Additionally, corpus construction or word embedding conducted in the medical field do not display efficacy in production pertaining to coronavirus or infectious diseases. To supplement this potentially detrimental insufficiency, this study collects Spanish Language data to build a relevant coronavirus corpus through appropriate preprocessing and then obtains a word embedding. Performance of the corpus and word embedding are then tested through word similarity evaluations, a cosine similarity evaluation, and a visualization evaluation with the existing Spanish corpus. After comparison, corpus and word embedding suitable for coronavirus will be suggested.

13.
Revista Cubana De Reumatologia ; 24(4), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207650

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The management of medical images has been gaining followers based on the advantages it offers for the diagnosis of diseases, which, like COVID-19, present with clinical manifestations that can be captured in the form of images.Objective: Take advantage of the quasi-periodicity of the principal components (PCs) in the decomposition into PCs of medical images, which represent dermatological manifestations in paucisymptomatic patients of COVID-19.Methodology: Here, a set of photos was taken of one of the most frequent patterns in COVID-19, the maculopapular pattern, characterized by an erythmatopapular rash, and compression of one of the medical images was performed. Said compression was carried out in different ways: (1) using two PCs, (2) using both a periodic PC and a non-periodic PC, (3) using two periodic PCs, (4) using a single PC, and (5) using a single periodic PC. Result: The results of this research proved that it is possible to work with acceptable reconstructions of compressed images in the field of dermatology, without losing the quality and characteristics that allow to reach a correct diagnosis. In addition, this achievement permits to correctly classify many diseases without fear of being wrong.Conclusion: With the method presented, the use of a robust medical image compression technique that could be very useful in the field of health is proposed. The images allow the diagnosis of diseases such as COVID-19 in paucisymptomatic patients, understanding them allows minimizing their weight without losing quality, which facilitates their use and storage.

14.
International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security ; 14(3):342-357, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207540

ABSTRACT

Animals are also afflicted by COVID-19, a virus that is quickly spreading and infects both humans and animals. This fatal viral disease has an impact on people's daily lives, health, and economy of a nation. Most effective machine learning method is deep learning, which offers insightful analysis for examining a significant number of chest x-ray pictures that have a significant bearing on COVID-19 screening. This research proposes novel technique in lung image analysis for detection of lung infection due to COVID using Explainable Machine learning techniques. Here the input has been collected as COVID patient's lung image dataset and it has been processed for noise removal and smoothening. This processed image features have been extracted using spatio transfer neural network integrated with DenseNet+ architecture. Extracted features has been classified using stacked auto Boltzmann encoder machine with VGG-19Net+. With the transfer learning method integrated into the binary classification process, the suggested algorithm achieves good classification accuracy. The experimental analysis has been carried out for various COVID dataset in terms of accuracy, precision, Recall, F-1score, RMSE, MAP. The proposed technique attained accuracy of 95%, precision of 91%, recall of 85%, F_1 score of 80%, RMSE of 61 % and MAP of 51%.

15.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 10(1):2899-2915, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207520

ABSTRACT

Aim: To study the High Resolution Computed Tomography manifestations in the evaluation of COVID-19 suspected and diagnosed patients and study its correlation in respect to CT severity scoring with symptomology, comorbidities, lab parameters and oxygen requirement in the study group. Method(s): This was a descriptive study conducted between August 2020 to October 2022 at Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Pune after taking necessary approval by the institutional scientific and ethics committee. 500 patients meeting the inclusion criteria for the study were included in the study after taking a written informed consent from all the patients. Result(s): A total of 500 study participants were included;of them 27% (n=133) were categorized as mild on the basis of CT severity score, 51% (n=257) were categorized as moderate and 78 participants (15.6%) were categorized as severe. Thirty two (6.4%) patients who were suspected for having COVID-19 infection and being diagnosed as COVID-19 positive on RTPCR tests showed normal HRCT scans. Our study group included 311 male and 189 female patients. Ground glass opacities were the. Most common typical CT chest manifestation in our study group seen in all of severe patients followed by 97.3% in moderate groups, 94.7% in mild group. Consolidation was seen in 55.1% of severe patients followed by 31.9% in moderate disease groups, 15.8% in mild group. Bilateral involvement of lung parenchyma on HRCT was more common and was seen to affect 84.8% (n=429) of total population there was a lower lobe preponderance in early and mild disease with the right lower lobe being the most common lobe being affected followed by the left lower lobe. In our study group, atypical findings of COVID 19 disease on HRCT were seen in 24 % (n=120) of total population. In our study groups, among the atypical findings pleural effusion is the most common atypical finding which was seen in 10.2% (n=51) of total study population followed by mediastinal lymphadenopathy which was seen in 9.2% (n=46) of total study population. The mean number of days since symptoms was highest for patients in severe disease category (7.3 days) followed by moderate group (5.3 days) and mild group (3.0 days). In our study oxygenation support was required for 64.1% of patients in severe group followed by 39.3% in moderate group and 6.8% in mild group. Conclusion(s): COVID 19 disease has had a significant negative impact on the healthcare system all across the world and CT imaging plays an important role in assessing disease severity and progression. Our study supports the use of HRCT in patients with COVID-19 infection, which could be used as a rapid and an effective gatekeeper to rule-out patients with a low likelihood of disease. Copyright © 2023 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

16.
Vakcinologie ; 16(1):52-58, 2022.
Article in Czech | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207417

ABSTRACT

In general, it can only be stated that new or emerging diseases are dangerous diseases and have high potential for spreading. Their common denominator is high mortality, dangerous spread in the population and limited treatment options. Today, there is a real possibility of introducing these diseases from the areas of their occurrence due to massive tourism, population migration and foreign workers. Another possibile way of their spread may be abuse in the form of bioterrorism, i.e. the use of an infectious agent as a biological weapon. The World Health Organization (WHO) continuously monitors and quantifies dangerous events in several well-defined categories (e.g. nuclear hazards, chemical hazards, natural disasters), however, annual as well as long-term statistics lead infectious diseases worldwide, which, due to epidemics and pandemics, account for more than 80% of the overall picture. The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is unprecedented. This is also because it is the first pandemic in human history, during which we are able to develop both drugs and vaccines against the biological agent. Copyright © 2022, EEZY Publishing, s.r.o.. All rights reserved.

17.
Canadian Journal of Medical Laboratory Science ; 84(3):16-20, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207354

ABSTRACT

Nicknamed "SARS Stock," the event celebrated the end of the severe acute respiratory syndrome 1 (SARS-CoV-1) outbreak2 But Grant Johnson, MLT, team leader of microbiology at The Hospital for Sick Children at the time, was not at the concert. [...]Health Canada approved several in early 2020.3 CJMLS spoke to Johnson and laboratory professionals at another Canadian hospital to learn how incorporating Cepheid's GeneXpert,a popular rapid PCR box testing platform, has affected the work of laboratory professionals and patient care and how they managed issues that arose with it during the COVID-19 pandemic. Available in various sizes ranging from two to 16 modules, the GeneXpert platform can process tests for different indications simultaneously, making "on-demand molecular testing available to everyone with unprecedented speed and ease of use," according to the company's marketing materials.3 Preparation time is about five to seven minutes, and results are available within about 50 minutes.4 For example, the Cepheid GeneXpert Xpert Xpress SARS-CoV-2 assay targets two genome regions on the virus, the envelope and the nucleocapsid. Test results for individual patients confirmed whether they needed to isolate to prevent infecting others or if it was safe for them to visit loved ones, such as those in long-term care facilities with a higher risk of severe disease and mortality from SARS-CoV-2 infection.

18.
Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand ; 106(1):102-105, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2218127

ABSTRACT

For over two years, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been spreading in Thailand and causing substantial disruption in noncommunicable disease (NCD) care. To resuscitate and develop telemedicine for NCD care, Thai NCD Collaboration Group has devised and carried out an implementation framework since 2020. In December 2021, disciplinary experts including NCD specialists, a pharmacist, health economists, a payer, and a policy decision-maker, reconvened to review the progress of implementation activities. Three key prioritized implementation activities were discussed. First, a simple protocol for hypertension management, which was to initiate the 'decentralize to primary care services' activity, was successfully developed and ready to roll out to multiple hospitals. Second, representatives from the Ministry of Public Health ensured that the 'telemedicine advocacy' activity was officially endorsed by the national health policy. They also acknowledged to support the implementation of the simple protocol at a national level. Third, for a 'drug regulation and quality' activity, a case study of limited access to cost-effective treatment was discussed, and an access strategy such as a co-payment model, was proposed as a potential solution to alleviate payer's budget constraint. Overall, the progress of implementation activities is positive, still, ongoing monitoring is important to drive telemedicine for NCD care to be fully operational and sustainable nationwide. Copyright © 2023 JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION OF THAILAND.

19.
Epidemiologiya i Vaktsinoprofilaktika ; 21(6):13-23, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2218080

ABSTRACT

Relevance. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic a infectious diseases hospitals nationwide network has been deployed to treat patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. The principles of their formation with a strict division into «infectious» and «clean» zones, despite the epidemiological justification, lead to the formation of a dynamic artificially created closed ecosystem. In such an ecosystem, on the one hand, patients who undergo a wide range of invasive and aggressive therapeutic and diagnostic manipulations, and medical personnel stay for a long time, on the other hand, pathogens of a viral and bacterial nature that can adapt to hospital conditions and form resistant strains circulate. As a result, high risks of contamination of environmental objects of hospitals and patients themselves are created, which can lead to the development of exogenous nosocomial infection. Aims. To study the features of viral and bacterial contamination of objects in the hospital environment of the infectious diseases hospital for the treatment of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and methods. A study was conducted on 343 samples from the external environment of the infectious diseases hospital for COVID-19 patients' treatment during its planned work. Sample collection was performed during three days (Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday) at 20 unified sampling points: in the area where patients general hospital area as well as from the outer surface of personal protective equipment for medical personnel (overalls, gloves). The study used epidemiological (descriptive-evaluative and analytical), molecular genetic (SARS-CoV-2 PCR-RT, sequencing), bacteriological (isolation, cultivation and MALDI-TOF identification of bacterial cultures) methods. Statistical significance of differences was assessed by Fisher's point test (φ). Differences were considered significant at p≤0.05. Statistical data processing was carried out using the Microsoft Office 2010 application package, the online resource https://medstatistic. ru/, ST Statistica 10. Results. The study demonstrated a high level of viral and bacterial contamination of environmental objects in the intensive care unit of the infectious diseases hospital for COVID-19 patients treatment – 11.1%, incl. objects of the general hospital environment – 9.3% (doctor's workplace – 16.7%);patient location area – 13.9% (electric pump – 27.8%, mechanical ventilation, manipulation table – 16.7% each);the outer surface of personnel gloves – 21.1–38.9%;the outer surface of protective overalls for personnel – 44.4–50.0%. SARS-CoV-2 isolated from the objects of the external environment of the hospital belonged to the genetic variant B.1.617.1 DELTA, which corresponded to the epidemiological situation at sampling collection period. The opportunistic microflora structure was dominated by Enterococcus faecalis (38.1%), Klebsiella pneumoniaе (21.4%) and Escherichia coli (16.7%), which demonstrated a high level of resistance (to 3 or more groups of antibiotics). Conclusion. Initially, the main sources of the infectious diseases hospital environmental objects contamination with SARS-CoV-2 are most likely patients. Further contamination of the infectious diseases hospital environmental objects with viruses and opportunistic microflora occurs with the medical personnel direct participation. The current situation requires a review of approaches to the rules for disinfection, the PPE use and employees hands antiseptic treatment in infectious diseases hospital during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as the length of staff work period length. © 2022, Numikom. All rights reserved.

20.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal ; 29(1):71-72, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2218039

ABSTRACT

Perez-Brumer et al. examined COVID-19 vaccination policy in several developing countries and found that migrants continue to continue to face challenges and are often excluded or disadvantaged in vaccination policies, thus increasing the risks to their health and safety (4). Global organizations like the United Nations and World Health Organization should ensure the provision of COVID-19 vaccination to migrants, refugees, and stateless communities because they may not be covered by local vaccination policies or priorities. Suphanchaimat R, Nittayasoot N, Thammawijaya P, Teekasap P, Ungchusak K. Predicted impact of vaccination and active case finding measures to control epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 in a migrant-populated area in Thailand.

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