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1.
Turkish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ; 9(1):217-256, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955412

ABSTRACT

Son zamanlarda Íranlılar Türkiye’ye hatırı sayılır bir biçimde ilgi göstermişler ve bunların bir bölümü de bu ilgiyi konut alımıyla bir göç sürecine dönüştürmüşlerdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’ye konut alımıyla göç eden Íranlı göçmenlerin itme-çekme ve ilişkiler ağı teorileri başta olmak üzere, göç teorileri ışığında göç etme nedenlerini analiz etmektir. Bu nedenle, göç süreçlerinde Íran’ın itici faktörleri ve Türkiye’nin çekici faktörlerine odaklanılmış ve ilişkiler ağının önemi anlaşılmaya çalışılmıştır. Çalışmanın konusuna uygun olarak 22 katılımcıyla yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler gerçekleştirilmiştir. Katılımcılara kartopu örnekleme yöntemiyle ulaşılmış, COVID-19 salgını nedeniyle görüşme formları kendilerine dijital yollarla iletilmiştir. Yapılan görüşmeler göstermiştir ki Íranlı göçmenler için Íran’ın yarı açık bir toplum özelliği sergilemesi, dengesiz ekonomik koşullar sunması ve eğitim sisteminde gözlemlenen aksaklıklar birer itici faktör olarak göçü tetikleyen etmenler olmuştur. Buna karşın Türkiye’nin açık toplum olarak nitelendirilmesi, daha dengeli ekonomi, taleplere daha çok cevap veren eğitim sistemi ve medyanın yumuşak güç işlevi gibi faktörler Íranlılar için çekici etmenler olmuştur.Alternate : The Iranians have shown considerable interest in Turkey recently and a part of them have turned this process into one of immigration through property purchase. The aim of this study is to analyze the immigration reasons of the Iranians who migrate to Turkey by means of property purchase in light of theories of immigration, chiefly the push-pull and the network theories. Therefore, the push factors of Iran and the pull factors of Turkey were focused on and the importance of networks were attempted to be understood in the immigration processes. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 interviewees as per the subject of the study. The interviewees were reached using snowball sampling and the interview forms were given out digitally due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The interviews revealed that the push factors for the Iranians are the fact that Iran has features of a semi-open society, offers uneven economic conditions and the setbacks observed in the education system. By contrast, the fact that Turkey is regarded as an open society with a more stable economy, an education system that is more responsive to demands and the soft power function of the media are the pull factors for the Iranians.

2.
Zeitschrift für Soziologie ; 51(1):41-65, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1951643

ABSTRACT

Der Beitrag verbindet die Forschung zu den Auswirkungen der Corona-Pandemie mit der Debatte über die Relevanz sozialer Klasse. Mit einem klassenanalytischen Zugang (Oesch-16) und auf der Basis eines Mixed-Methods-Designs mit Erwerbstätigensurvey und qualitativen Interviews aus der Frühphase der Pandemie werden die Auswirkungen von Covid-19 auf die Arbeitswelt in fünf Themenfeldern untersucht: Infektionsrisiken am Arbeitsplatz, wirtschaftliche Lasten, mobiles Arbeiten, Arbeitsbedingungen sowie Vereinbarkeit von Erwerbsarbeit und Kinderbetreuung. Dabei zeigen sich im Bereich der Erwerbsarbeit ausgeprägte vertikale und horizontale Klassenungleichheiten, die punktuell auch auf die Schnittstelle zur unbezahlten Sorgearbeit ausstrahlen und die zudem in den Alltagserfahrungen vieler Erwerbstätiger präsent sind. Die Ergebnisse verdeutlichen die Bedeutung der Klassenlage für das Arbeitserleben in der Pandemie, verweisen jedoch auch auf Grenzen der Erklärungskraft klassenanalytischer Perspektiven.Article NoteAlternate :This paper links the research on the impact of the Corona pandemic to the debate on the relevance of social class. Using a class analytic approach (Oesch-16) and based on a mixed-methods design with an employee survey and qualitative interviews from the early phase of the pandemic, the impact of Covid-19 on the world of work is examined in five thematic areas: Infection risks at the workplace, economic burdens, mobile working, working conditions, and reconciliation of paid work and child care. The results reveal pronounced vertical and horizontal class inequalities in the sphere of paid work, which partially also spill into the sphere of unpaid care work, and which are also present in the everyday experiences of many working people. The results highlight the importance of class for work experience in the pandemic, but also point to limitations of the explanatory power of class analytic perspectives in the sphere of care work.

3.
Journal of the Geological Society of India ; 98(7):971-975, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1943294

ABSTRACT

In the present situation, Covid-19 is considered to be an unbeaten global pandemic. In every single fleeting moment, this SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus-2) causes greater damage to our life including the physical world including drastic imbalance of the whole economic condition of any country. The lockdown governed in two consecutive years (2020 and 2021) in the world to control the spreading of the virus poses an undue threat to the industrial sectors including the coal mining sectors that determine the economic growth of the country. With these negative impacts of coronavirus-2 in our life, this present review aims to explore some of the positive influences of the Covid-19 pandemic through the restoration of the environmental system which are otherwise not possible. This quantitative review finds that spreading of the Covid-19 pandemic indirectly improves the air and water quality by reducing the number of vehicles, reduces the CO2, NOx, particulate matter, and other polluting gases emission from coal-based power plants through periodical lockdown in the country. Moreover, the lockdown implemented to minimise the spreading of the Covid-19 significantly reduces the coal dust production from the mining and transportation of coal that indirectly reduces environmental pollution.

4.
Commentary - C.D. Howe Institute ; - (624):0_1,0_2,1-26, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1940105

ABSTRACT

According to the "scar theory," past unemployment can lead to long-term poor labour-market outcomes in terms of an increased incidence of unemployment in the future, and employment in lower quality and lower paying jobs. To support youth during the recovery and alleviate potential negative long-term effects, Canadian governments (at all levels) need to ensure that young Canadians are equipped with relevant skills, support them to make up for learning losses and consider targeted labour market programs and policies that help encourage greater participation and ease the transition into employment and better jobs for young Canadians who still face difficulties finding employment. According to the "scar theory," past unemployment can lead to long-term poor labourmarket outcomes in terms of an increased incidence unemployment in the future, and employment in lower quality and lower paying jobs (Heckman and Borjas 1980;Arulampalam, Gregg, and Gregory 2001). Canada can do more to support youth who remain unable to find employment and address learning losses to mitigate long-term negative effects by taking the following steps. * Expand employment services (counselling and job search assistance) to reduce unemployment duration and recurrence;* Enhance labour-market flexibility and

5.
Sustainability ; 14(13):7949, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934245

ABSTRACT

Digital business transformation is considered an effective business strategy that appears to have gained attention since the enterprises are challenged to continuously improve their business practices as well as capabilities. The use of digital technologies could reduce the influence of external crises and could introduce massive changes in business operations by providing better business models. Moreover, adopting digital technology can influence both economic sustainability and social value of enterprises and can improve regional socio-economic conditions. There are few recent studies on how technology can empower enterprises at different phases of growth and sustainability;furthermore, very few studies are available that determine how adopting different modern digital technologies can create value for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, this study aims to close this gap and investigate the moderating role of entrepreneurial orientation. With the support of resource-based view (RBV) and dynamic capability view (DCV) theories, along with a literature review, a theoretical model has been developed. It was then validated using the PLS-SEM technique considering 319 respondents who are SME employees in India. The findings show that adopting digital technologies has a significant impact on the creation of economic sustainability and social value for SMEs. The study also found a significant moderating impact of entrepreneurial orientation on the relationship between social and economic value creation and SME performance.

6.
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health ; 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1932720

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic lockdown in 2020 resulted in school closures with eventual suspension of the mid-day meal programme, biannual deworming and iron–folic acid supplements. One year into the lockdown, we evaluated the impact of the withdrawal of these programmes on the nutritional status of rural primary-school children, aged 6–12 years, in Karnataka, India.MethodsAnthropometry, haemoglobin, serum ferritin and C reactive protein were measured in 290 children at two time points, 1 year apart, starting from just before the lockdown (February 2020 to February 2021).ResultsThe prevalence of anaemia doubled from 21% to 40% (p<0.0001) with more pronounced changes in older girls (10%–53%);however, the prevalence of iron deficiency did not change (48.8%–51.9%), despite cessation of deworming and iron/folic acid supplements.ConclusionThe increase in anaemia was due to limiting intakes of other erythropoietic nutrients, possibly due to a lower dietary diversity. The mid-day lunch meal at school (MDM) is an important part of daily food intake in rural school children, and it is important to maintain dietary diversity through the delivery of MDM for such vulnerable groups.

7.
Revista Venezolana de Gerencia ; 27(99):1008, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1925065

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo responde a la necesidad de reactivación económica por la crisis derivada del escenario COVID-19. El propósito de la investigación es la elaboración de un constructo teórico mediante la aplicación del Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio que agrupe variables observables alrededor de dimensiones o factores. El estudio parte de la revisión de la literatura que aproxima la relación causal del fenómeno. La investigación es de tipo cuantitativo con niveles exploratorios, descriptivos y correlacionales. Se encuentra que los factores: asociatividad, turismo sostenible, ventaja competitiva, orientación al mercado, inclusión digital, innovación agrícola y transferencia del conocimiento guardan asociación con la reactivación económica. Se corrobora con el Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio que reduce de 117 a 47 ítems el instrumento de medición para el estudio de la reactivación económica en la provincia del Cañar, Ecuador con cargas factoriales superiores 0,6. Se concluye que es posible estudiar el fenómeno contando con un cuestionario validado sobre la asociación bivariada de las variables de investigación.Alternate :This article is a response to the need for economic reactivation because of the crisis resulting from the context of COVID-19. The purpose of the research was to elaborate a theoretical construct through the application of Confirmatory Factor Analysis that gathers observable variables around dimensions or factors. The study begins with a review of the literature that approximates the causal relationship of the phenomenon. The research has a quantitative approach with exploratory, descriptive and correlational designs. The following factors such as associativity, sustainable tourism, competitive advantage, market orientation, digital inclusion, agricultural innovation and knowledge transfer were found and they are linked with the economic reactivation. The Confirmatory Factorial Analysis was used in this study which helped to reduce from 117 to 47 items in the measurement instrument for the research of economic reactivation in the province of Cañar in Ecuador with factor loadings higher than 0.6. As a conclusion, it is said that it is possible to study the phenomenon with a validated questionnaire on the bivariate association of the researching variables.

8.
PACHA. Revista de Estudios Contemporáneos del Sur Global ; 7(32), 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1925025

ABSTRACT

The aim of the article is to describe microcredit in Ecuador, to contrast it with unemployment and poverty, since it is considered an instrument for the reduction of these economic problems, with a methodology that consists of the deductive-inductive method, it is also descriptive and basic research, with secondary and longitudinal data, on the variable's microcredit, poverty, and unemployment. The conclusions are: the nature of microcredit works with the logic of generating income through entrepreneurship, with presence from 2000 to 2007 under the modality of the Grameen Bank initiative, however, the Constitution of Ecuador in 2008 reorganizes the state administration and regulation extends to the financial sector, increasing the amounts and lines of credit, microcredit, and cost of money, but even so the levels of poverty and unemployment remain at high levels, aggravated by the health crisis due to the pandemic COVID-19.Alternate :El objetivo del artículo busca describir el microcrédito en Ecuador, para contrastarlo con el desempleo y la pobreza, dado que se considera instrumento para la reducción de estos problemas económicos, con metodología que consiste en el método deductivo-inductivo, además es una investigación descriptiva y básica, con datos secundarios y longitudinales, sobre las variables microcrédito, pobreza y desempleo. Las conclusiones son: la naturaleza del microcrédito funciona con la lógica de generar ingresos por medio del emprendimiento, con presencia desde el año 2000 hasta el año 2007 bajo la modalidad de la iniciativa del Grameen Bank, sin embargo, la Constitución del Ecuador en 2008 reorganiza la administración estatal y la regulación se extiende al sector financiero, haciendo que aumenten los montos y líneas de crédito, microcrédito y costo del dinero, pero aun así los niveles de pobreza y desempleo se mantienen en niveles altos, agravados por la crisis sanitaria por la pandemia COVID-19.Alternate :O objetivo do artigo é descrever o microcrédito no Equador, a fim de contrastá-lo com o desemprego e a pobreza, já que é considerado um instrumento para a redução destes problemas econômicos, com uma metodologia que consiste no método dedutivo-indutivo, além de ser uma pesquisa descritiva e básica, com dados secundários e longitudinais, sobre as variáveis microcrédito, pobreza e desemprego. As conclusões são: a natureza do microcrédito trabalha com a lógica de gerar renda através do empreendedorismo, com uma presença de 2000 a 2007 sob a modalidade da iniciativa do Banco Grameen, entretanto, a Constituição do Equador em 2008 reorganizou a administração e a regulamentação do Estado foi estendida ao setor financeiro, aumentando os montantes e as linhas de crédito, o microcrédito e o custo do dinheiro, mas mesmo assim os níveis de pobreza e desemprego continuam altos, agravados pela crise sanitária devido à pandemia da COVID-19.

9.
Ekonomika ; 100(2):84-100, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1924753

ABSTRACT

Considering the specifics of the Russian economy such as dependency on oil, gas drilling and production, including the current context of the Western sanctions, COVID-19 pandemic as well as distinct potential output development, the main aim of this paper is to quantify the recent output gap for Russia. We use three mainstream methodologies: the Hodrick-Prescott filter as a benchmark, the Kalman filter to follow and the Cobb-Douglas production function. The sample time span ranges from 1995Q1 until 2020Q3, while all calculations are performed on quarterly frequencies. The analysis suggests that given the low fixed investment ratios, limited R&D spending in non-military sectors and adverse demographic development, under a "no policy change" scenario, there might soon be even more downward pressures on the country's potential output growth. The economy may continue increasing only at a snail's pace even after a possible withdrawal of the Western sanctions and the end of the COVID-19 pandemic.

10.
Journal of Defense Resources Management ; 13(1):158-165, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1918678

ABSTRACT

In the current conditions of biological risk, at a time when many countries are already threatened by the emergence of the sixth pandemic wave of COVID-19, the Romanian health system is under pressure that no one has anticipated until a while ago. The migration of a large number of people from Ukraine to Romania and other countries, using our country in transit, puts pressure on the medical system through the appearance of diseases considered eradicated or strains not treatable by vaccination. Under these conditions, the transformation of hospital management is vital for maintaining the optimal parameters of the national health system and ensuring national security.

11.
Journal of Financial Planning ; 35(7):25, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1918591

ABSTRACT

People keep seeing news about inflation in the headlines. It is higher than it's been in over 40 years. And some people are very concerned about that. One particular group that is changing plans are soon-to-be retirees. During the first couple years of the pandemic, 2.4 million more people retired than expected, according to the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Reasons ranged from losing their jobs to deciding they didn't want to risk contracting COVID-19 to caring for other family members. But now there's a new player in town that is causing almost the opposite effect. As of the time of writing, inflation is at 8.3 percent. That is down from 8.5 percent in March, but that is still higher than it's been in decades. Cummings and his wife often eat spaghetti, and they have seen the prices of spaghetti sauce going up by more than a dollar in the last couple of months. If inflation were only limited to spaghetti sauce, things wouldn't be so bad, but prices are up across the board.

12.
Sustainability ; 14(12):6952, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1911532

ABSTRACT

Sustainable entrepreneurship is an economic activity that integrates entrepreneurial activities with environmental and social sustainability, which is a frontier research field that integrates the triple bottom line of economy, environment, and society. A comprehensive survey was conducted in this study by collecting data from 203 potential entrepreneurs in China, such as employees with work experience, freelancers, and college students, by means of a questionnaire in March 2022. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to investigate the research hypotheses considered, testing the impact of entrepreneurial intention on sustainable entrepreneurial behavior from the perspective of risk perception and institutional environment. The reliability and validity of the measurements are demonstrated. The outcomes from the conducted analyses show that entrepreneurial intention and risk perception do not directly affect sustainable entrepreneurial behavior, while entrepreneurial intention significantly affects risk perception. Moreover, risk perception serves a mediating role in the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and sustainable entrepreneurship. The institutional environment positively predicts sustainable entrepreneurship behavior and could even have a greater effect by reducing risk perception. Hence, this study suggests that the government should provide policy and financial support to create an open, stable, and inclusive institutional environment, to reduce the cost and risk of innovation and entrepreneurship. At the same time, it also provides theoretical and practical references for potential entrepreneurs to improve their entrepreneurial intention and carry out sustainable entrepreneurial behavior.

13.
Russian Meteorology and Hydrology ; 47(3):191-196, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1910963

ABSTRACT

Changes in the atmospheric electricity characteristics (AECs) during the spring of 2020 in the urban, suburban, and very low human impact areas (Irkutsk, Irkutsk oblast;Voeikovo, Leningrad oblast;Tiksi, Republic of Sakha) are considered. Based on the AEC data, a theoretical assessment of the change in aerosol concentrations at these sites was carried out. Apparently, the decline in economic activity associated with the measures to prevent the expansion of COVID-19 significantly decreased the concentration of airborne particles in cities and suburban regions.

14.
VUZF Review ; 7(2):69-77, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1912759

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 was sure dominated by the pandemic caused by the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Many effects of the COVID-19 pandemic appeared in the Polish economic reality, including those related to financial security. In connection with these changes, many important questions have arisen, among others: will the financial systems of Poland be stable during the evolving crisis situations, intensively changing social and economic conditions, and will the people participating in these systems be safe from a macro-and microeconomic perspective? In the face of the situation, are the safety net institutions prepared to fight the economic crisis? The aim of the article is to analyse and evaluate the Polish financial system during the pandemic. Efforts were made to indicate the impact of the negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the country's financial security. The pandemic affects the country’s economy in two ways, it has stalled many manufacturing industries and there has been a gap in the supply of products to the domestic market. All sectors of the economy experience disruptions leading to a shortage of good and the resulting higher prices thereof. Limited economic activity also generates lower tax revenues. Because it is precisely when the government increases spending, it results in larger fiscal deficits and greater public debt. The article focuses on discussing the potential effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the stability of the financial system in Poland.

15.
African Journal of Gender, Society & Development ; 11(2):7-7–30, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1912665

ABSTRACT

Globally, COVID-19 was framed a security issue and thus response measures were likened to military struggles against an adversary because of its devastating socio-economic effects. Adopting a theoretical tool – securitisation characterised by preventive measures such as restricted movements, closure of public spaces, curfew and social distancing, the approach proved insensitive to gender security. For instance, from heightened use of violence and discrimination to increased economic insecurity and financial distress, men and women have disproportionately dealt with insecurity rooted in social construction of roles. Using secondary sources of literature, the paper exposed how COVID-19 and, consequently, the preventive measures deepened gender insecurity through the adoption of a theoretical tool – securitisation that is gender insensitive. From the reviewed documents, COVID-19 intensified gender insecurity through straining financial and economic conditions;exposure to violence and discrimination;and increased cases of domestic violence. The paper argued that, to avoid entrenchment of the already existing gender inequalities, the securitisation approach must be enhanced with a gendered lens to security.

16.
Journal of Institutional Economics ; 18(4):621-636, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1908061

ABSTRACT

In a novel experimental design, we investigate the impact of exogenous variation in economic growth and inequality on trusting behaviour. In addition to a control with uniform endowment, three treatments were implemented where the initial endowment is exogenously changed to produce inequality and three growth scenarios where average endowments increase (boom), decrease (recession) or remain unaltered (steady state). We find that aggregate trust and trustworthiness both decrease due to the induced heterogeneity in endowments. Also, trust (but not trustworthiness) decreases (increases) due to recessions (booms). The impact of inequality on trust is greatest in a recession and absent in a boom. These aggregate effects are driven mainly by the reactions of those who, after treatment, end up at the bottom of the endowment distribution. These findings are close in sign and in the order of magnitude to those reported in observational studies on the relationship between growth, inequality and trust.

17.
Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research ; 11(3):20-37, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1905340

ABSTRACT

Studies have shown that the accuracy of univariate models tends to perform better than linear regression models, yet the latter is relevant for knowing the relation of each variable to crude oil prices. [...]Russia and nine other countries had joined forces with the 13-member OPEC in 2016. Eight macroeconomic explanatory variables were chosen: production, consumption, net import, ending stock, utilization rate of refineries, interest rates (U.S.), an oil futures contract from NYMEX and the S&P 500 index. [...]its revenues are highly dependent on oil exports, which constitutes 44% of the national budget.

18.
Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research ; 11:155-165, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1904826

ABSTRACT

[...]it has a positive effect. Because the buyers and sellers do not need to meet face-to-face and are carried out in the open Internet network environment, various business activities of e-commerce have incredibly played its advantages. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is reflected in the daily increase in cases and deaths. [...]this paper attempts to solve the problems of what is the overall impact of Covid-19 on Chinese e-commerce companies in 2020. According to Nakhete and Jain (2020), 205 countries and their economies and politics have been infected with the virus. According to the survey, 52% of consumers avoid shopping in physical stores, and 36% of them do not go to the physical stores before they are vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine, which means that the short run of the fundamental business is declining.

19.
Economic and Social Development: Book of Proceedings ; : 67-76, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1904475

ABSTRACT

The share of tourism in the Croatian economy has been growing over the years whereby Croatia has one of the largest shares of tourism in Gross domestic product (GDP) in Europe. Therefore, tourism can be considered as one of the most important driver of the Croatian economy. The number of tourist arrivals affects many economic variables such as industry, retail trade, service activities, construction, employment, prices etc. In this paper, the focus will be on the impact of tourist arrivals on retail trade turnover in Croatia. By definition, retail trade is the sale of goods to final consumers for personal consumption or use in households and like tourism, retail trade is also very important component of Croatian GDP. For the purpose of the analysis, monthly data on the number of tourist arrivals and retail trade turnover (in real terms) are used. To determine the relationship between the variables the bounds testing (ARDL) approach for cointegration is applied. The results indicate the existence of stable cointegration relationship between the variables. In the long-run, an increase in tourist arrivals increases retail trade turnover in Croatia whereby in the short-run there is no impact. The error correction coefficient is highly statistically significant, has the correct sign and suggests slow speed of adjustment to the long-run equilibrium.

20.
Montenegrin Journal of Economics ; 18(2):73-84, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1903934

ABSTRACT

The article solves the problem of ensuring effective corporate governance through the study of social effects and such a phenomenon as employee resistance to change. The main purpose of the study is to develop practical ways of increasing the effectiveness of corporate governance by assessing the intensity of employee resistance to change in turbulent external socio-economic conditions based on the business analytics platform. To achieve this, the authors compared theoretical thinking with empirical testing methods. This study was conducted using the methods of analysis and synthesis, surveys, expert evaluations, and the method of taxonomy. The results revealed: (1) Reliability and sustainability of survey tools;(2) Dependence of employee resistance to change on individual psychological and socio-psychological reasons and organizational barriers;(3) The effectiveness of assessing the level of intensity of employee resistance to organizational change in negative socio-economic conditions based on the calculation of the integrated coefficient;(4) The importance of effective work of HR managers that is aimed at overcoming employee resistance to change in order to achieve positive social effects. We have determined that achieving strategic goals of the company's development through the implementation of corporate governance is conditioned by positive organizational change, for the successful implementation of which it is necessary to assess the employee resistance to change in order to effectively overcome it. The study substantiates the main groups of reasons for persistent employee resistance to change. We offer practical recommendations on how to assess the intensity of employee resistance to change. In the course of additional research, proposals for successful planning of employee development programs were formulated. Positive social external effects of corporate governance effectiveness were determined.

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