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1.
Studies in Business and Economics ; 17(2):80-89, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2071043

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to provide insights on whether NZX 50 and sectorial indices of different industries in New Zealand have been impacted differently under the influence of COVID-19 and the measurements that government have taken in responding to the global pandemic. Results indicated that the New Zealand businesses are not immune from this pandemic despite the New Zealand government's "go hard, go early" measure to eliminate the spread of Coronavirus. Statistical findings show that stock market and sectorial performances between the pre- and post-global pandemic period are significantly different. Most of the industries reported poorer performances except Healthcare and Consumer Staples. In addition, the NZX 50 and sectoral indices reported a significant relationship with the S&P 500 indicating that as the world become more integrated, stock market performances are displaying co-movements while responding to major events.

2.
Administrative Law and Public Administration in the Global Social System ; : 161-167, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2067812

ABSTRACT

The economic and social changes of the mid-1970s, following the development process, had significant effects on the structure and dynamics of the standard employment contract. European countries have been forced to cope with the high level of unemployment and the imbalance that has been created on the labor market. Thus, the globalization of markets and the development of labor relations have increased the level of competitiveness, unpredictability and insecurity among companies. Therefore, only companies that have been able to adapt to these changes, that have become innovative and that have implemented flexible work schedules, have been able to survive and cope with the growing demands of customers.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12949, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066486

ABSTRACT

Pujon Kidul Village, Pujon District, Malang Regency, is an area with tourism potential that has been developed since 2017 with the concept of agricultural tourism. Throughout the development of tourism villages, Pujon Kidul Village has succeeded in accelerating economic growth and providing jobs for the community. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, tourism villages have been severely affected, leading to the temporary closure of tourist attractions and community businesses. This research aimed to identify what indicators form social capital variables and the relationship between social capital variables and community adaptation patterns in dealing with pandemics in the study location. This was quantitative research with confirmatory factor analysis to determine the indicators of forming social capital and structural equation modeling analysis to determine the relationship between the variables. Based on the findings, it is known that trust in forming a social network is 0.468. Furthermore, the social network forms community actions of 0.046 and influences community resilience by 0.007. Therefore, good social capital will make it easier for the community to participate in collective action as a form of caring for each other during the pandemic. This action also influences the community to survive in a pandemic crisis, thus creating an adaptation pattern for the Pujon Kidul Tourism Village community in facing a pandemic.

4.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12894, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066479

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development of the digital economy, the level of Internet development has become increasingly important to the national economy. The development and application of the Internet have brought new impetus to economic development. At present, China’s economic growth is slowing down. Finding new support points to maintain high-quality economic growth has become the focus of current research. Therefore, at the moment of Internet economic development, it is of great significance to study whether the Internet development level can promote economic development, how to promote economic development and the size of its influence on economic development. Based on this, this paper constructs an indicator system for evaluating the Internet development level from four dimensions: Internet popularization level, information infrastructure development level, scientific and cultural development level, and industrial development and application level. With the Internet development level as the core explanatory variable, this paper establishes a fixed effect model based on the Hausman test by analyzing China’s provincial panel data from 2010 to 2019. The research results show that the Internet development level in all regions of China has risen from 2010 to 2019. The Internet development level has a promoting effect on economic growth, and there are regional differences. The promoting effect on the eastern region is higher than that in the central and western regions. The Internet development level has a significantly higher role in promoting the per capital GDP in the eastern region than in the central and western regions. It is expected to provide valuable ideas for the government to fully harness the role of the Internet in promoting economic development.

5.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12889, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066477

ABSTRACT

Reaching full employment and reducing the unemployment rate is one of the 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) issued by the United Nations to face COVID-19 and the complex global economic situation. Although governments, society, and organizations have made efforts towards SDGs, how employees exert their subjective initiative and enhance their career adaptability is fundamental to solve the employment issue. How to enhance employees’ career adaptability to strengthen their psychological ability to face career changes is the guarantee of sustainable employment. In the light of the main force role and the unique characteristics of the new generation of employees in the workplace, this study aims to explore the relation between a proactive personality and career adaptability. According to the career construction theory, this study constructed a moderated mediation model to test the effect of a proactive personality on career adaptability through career identity and thriving at work, and the moderating role of task interdependence. Surveying 285 new-generation employees in China, this research found that a proactive personality had a significant positive impact on career adaptability, and that career identity and thriving at work mediate the relation. Task interdependence moderated this relation. Our findings extend the research of career construction theory on individual factors and contextual factors, and offer insights into enhancing the sustainability of human resource management and supporting sustainable economic development.

6.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12864, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066471

ABSTRACT

The agricultural futures market plays an extremely important role in price discovery, hedging risks, integrating agricultural markets and promoting agricultural economic growth. China is the largest apple producer and consumer in the world. In 2017, Chinese apple futures were listed on the Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (CZCE) as the first fruit futures contract globally. This paper aims to study the efficiency of the apple futures market by using the Wild Bootstrapping Variance Ratio model to estimate the price discovery function, the ARIMA-GARCH model to estimate the risk-hedging function, and the ARDL-ECM model to estimate the cointegration relationship of the futures and spot market. Experimental results firstly demonstrate that the apple futures market conforms to the weak-form efficiency, which indicates that it is efficient in price discovery. Secondly, the apple futures market is not of semi-strong efficiency because it generated abnormal profit margins amid China–US trade friction, climate disaster, and COVID-19;in terms of the degree of impact, the COVID-19 pandemic had the greatest impact, followed by the rainstorm disaster and trade friction. Thirdly, the results of this study indicate that the cointegration relationships exist between the futures market and the spot markets of the main producing areas. This paper is not only conducive to sustainable development of the global fresh or fruit futures market, but also has potential and practical importance for China in developing the agricultural futures market, strengthening market risk management and promoting market circulation.

7.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12757, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066459

ABSTRACT

This paper focus on the quantitative measurement of public health systems and its mismatch with socio-economic development. Based on systematic theory, we divide the public health system into four sub-systems: resource inputs, planning in decision-making, operations, and service outputs. We also provide a method to analyse the ability to match between the public health system and social-economic development by using the grey correlation and coupling method. Then we introduce data from China as a case of empirical research. The main findings are as follows: (1) China’s public health system has progressed from 2012 to 2019, and the development of China’s public health system is typically “input-driven”. Second, the level of public health management in China lacks sustainability. (2) The main reason for this problem is the mismatch between the central and local governments in China in terms of public health management authority. (3) Third, the coupling between China’s public health system and socio-economics development has shown a decreasing trend, which indicates an increasingly significant mismatch problem between public health and economic growth, urbanization, and population aging. Our study will enrich the understanding of the relationship between the public health system and socio-economics development.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(19):11967, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066381

ABSTRACT

Local government debt is the biggest “gray rhino” of China’s economy and one of the most significant factors affecting the sustainability of economic growth. We use the macroeconomic data of China’s real economy development level and local government debt from 2000 to 2020 to investigate the impact of local government debt on the real economy using the spatial Durbin model, focusing on the impact of the local government debt scale on the development of the real economy in jurisdictions and non-jurisdictions and the intermediation effect of finance under the geospatial correlation characteristics of economic development. The results show that the spatial correlation of the real economy between jurisdictions prevails and the correlation deepens over time. The scale of local government debt in China has exceeded a reasonable threshold, and the crowding-out effect of debt expansion on the real economy is obvious and not limited by jurisdictions, with significant spatial spillover effects. Financial marketization can effectively mitigate the crowding-out effect of local government debt on the real economy. These findings provide useful references for mapping the correlated development characteristics of local government debt and the real economy in China, effectively preventing local government debt risks and high leverage of the real economy and financial systemic risks, and providing effective insights for other countries to resolve government debt problems, prevent crises, and promote local economic development.

9.
Sustainability ; 14(19):11890, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066376

ABSTRACT

The role of entrepreneurship has transformed to include issues beyond economic growth. This has twisted attention toward the drivers of entrepreneurial intentions across entrepreneurship types, particularly in sustainable entrepreneurship. Sustainable entrepreneurship is essential and a protagonist tool in protecting the environment, economy and society. This ensures employment opportunities, solves environmental problems and facilitates social and economic development. Keeping into consideration, the present study attempts to investigate sustainable entrepreneurial intention through Attitudes toward Sustainability (ATS), Perceived Desirability (PED), Perceived Feasibility (PEF) and Opportunity Recognition (OR) among Saudi Arabia’s university students. We employed the quantitative approach and used a survey questionnaire to obtain the responses from the respondents. We targeted the students of different public sector universities in Saudi Arabia using a random sampling technique. Finally, we utilized 292 valid samples to infer the results. Utilizing the Structural Equation Model (SEM) through analysis of moment structures (AMOS), we found a positive and significant effect of Attitudes towards Sustainability (ATS), Perceived Desirability (PED) and Perceived Feasibility (PEF) on Sustainable Entrepreneurial Intentions (SEI) and Opportunity Recognition (OR). This study provides valuable insights into the entrepreneurship domain and offers guidelines for policymakers and planners in shaping the policies that promote entrepreneurial sustainability and employment in Saudi Arabia. Moreover, the OR factor also significantly and positively affects SEI. Finally, the study’s findings would contribute to the literature review by adding another empirical confirmation from Saudi Arabian students’ viewpoint.

10.
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2064339

ABSTRACT

Transportation is regarded as one of the most important issues currently being researched;this issue needs the search for approaches or processes that might lessen many contemporary traffic concerns. Congestion, pollution, and accidents have escalated lately, negatively impacting urban environments, economic development, and citizens’ lifestyles. The rise of illnesses and epidemics throughout the world, such as COVID-19, has created an urgent need to find the best way to save people’s lives. The vehicle routing problem (VRP) is a well-known moniker for improving transportation systems and is regarded as one of the ancient and contemporary difficulties in route planning applications. One of the main tasks of VRP is serving many customers by determining the optimal route from an initial point to a destination on a real-time road map. The best route is not necessarily the shortest-distance route, but, in emergency cases, it is the route that takes the least fitness cost (time) and the fastest way to arrive. This paper aims to provide an adaptive genetic algorithm (GA) to determine the optimal time route, taking into account the factors that influence the vehicle arrival time and cause delays. In addition, the Network Analyst tool in ArcGIS is used to determine the optimal route using real-time map based on the user’s preferences and suggest the best one. Experimental results indicate that the performance of GA is mainly determined by an efficient representation, evaluation of fitness function, and other factors such as population size and selection method.

11.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1083(1):012087, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2062807

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the pattern of human life, one of the impacts of this change is people’s economic activities going digital by utilizing supply chain information systems. The purpose of this study is to examine how much influence supply chain information systems have on the growth of the digital economy of developing countries, in this case Indonesia, along with transportation needs for logistics. This paper uses a systems meta-analysis by conducting a survey and review of several articles related to supply chains, digital economy, and logistics that have been published in reputable international journals. Coupled with 55 respondents, 30 endusers, 10 resellers, market place users and drop shippers, as well as 5 domestic logistics service providers. To test the consistency of the answers to the questions that have been asked, validity and reliability tests were conducted. After being calculated using simple statistics, it was found that the supply chain information system after the COVID-19 pandemic was very influential, although partial to the enormous increase in economic growth towards digital and the growth of logistics services had increased.

12.
22nd COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals, CICTP 2022 ; : 995-1003, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2062372

ABSTRACT

The transportation industry is closely related to the macroeconomic development. The transportation services index (TSI) can be used to measure the relationship between them. The freight services index in Henan Province (HNFSI) is proposed based on the TSI. The HNFSI index is used to analyze the correlation, the periodicity, and the impact of COVID-19 between the development of economic and transportation in Henan Province. The results show that the correlation coefficient between the HNFSI index and the Growth Rate of Industrial Added Value which represents trends in economic development, is 0.745. The freight transportation demand increases with a certain periodicity and regularity. Due to the influence of COVID-19, the HNFSI in January 2020 decreased by 37.7% compared to the same period of 2019, and decreased by 56.3% in February. However, after March 2020, the freight service is greatly improved. © ASCE.

13.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344217

ABSTRACT

As the U.S. economy rebounds from the COVID-19 pandemic, strategies that promote long-term transformation toward high-quality jobs will be critical. This includes workplace-improving interventions that enable employers to upgrade existing jobs, often while enhancing their own competitive position. This paper focuses on the Manufacturing Extension Partnership, a national network of federally funded centers that support small and medium-sized manufacturing firms. We document the range of workforce- and workplace-enhancing strategies that MEP centers have adopted since the network’s inception in the mid-1990s. While workforce development is unevenly implemented across today’s MEP network, leading centers within the network are devising transformative strategies that shape underlying business practices in ways that can improve the quality of front-line manufacturing jobs. The pandemic recovery, along with federal commitment to reenergize domestic supply chains, presents an opportunity to establish NIST-MEP as a national workforce-development leader while also strengthening localized institutional partnerships to center that effort on inclusive economic development and recovery.

14.
J Comb Optim ; 44(5): 3735-3777, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2059960

ABSTRACT

In the post-COVID-19 period, the regional economic development gap in Guangdong has expanded and the risk has increased. This is not conducive to building a well-off society in Guangdong in an all-round way. Optimizing the industrial structure, changing the mode of economic growth, preventing regional economic risks, and narrowing the regional economic development gap are the focus of Guangdong governments at all levels. Based on a two-sector economic growth model, the paper uses descriptive statistics and Deng's grey correlation method to analyze the economic development panel data of 21 prefecture-level cities of Guangdong Province from 2011 to 2018, analyzes the characteristics of regional economic development in Guangdong, and makes experimental research of the effect of industrial structure optimization and economic development factors on economic growth in Guangzhou, Zhongshan, Shantou, Maoming and Meizhou at different stages of development. The results show that: there are differences in the industrial structure and the level of economic development in different regions; the rationalization of industrial structure and upgrading of the industrial structure has an impact on economic growth and show different features during different stages; in different stages of economic development, foreign trade, scientific and technological innovation are the main factors affecting regional economic growth. This paper holds that the northwest of Guangdong Province and the Pearl River Delta should formulate industrial structure adjustment policies to promote the rationalization of regional industrial structure, expand foreign trade channels and innovate financing mechanisms, and restrain regional economic risks in combination with regional characteristics. The new development pattern of domestic and international dual circulation and mutual promotion, further expands the level of opening up, effectively playing the role of free trade pilot areas, free trade ports, special economic zones, development zones, bonded areas, and other frontier highlands, improve the level and capacity of foreign trade.

15.
Economic Change and Restructuring ; 55(4):2215-2235, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2059925

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of macroeconomic revamping policies operationalized after the pandemic by fiscal and monetary regulators to fight the pandemic in China. This study aims to assess what the Chinese economic recovery implies after the pandemic regarding economic expansion and energy consumption of different economies utilizing an econometric approximation relying on data throughout the COVID-19 phase. Within the extended stage, Chinese economic development spillover impacts attain the same effect on upper-middle-income nations' economic expansion of 0.18 percent, next to the economic development, of lower-middle-income countries of 0.15 percent and high-income nations. We discover proofs of robust direct provincial spillovers, implying that provinces tend to construct a cluster of high-performing and low-performing areas, a procedure that accentuates regional earnings variances. Applying the experience of revamping previous financial crisis, we replicate the impact of the pandemic on the competence of these, and by far, other upper limit income nations to build back better from the pandemic to jobs occasioned by proofs of the pandemic. The spillover impact of China’s economic revival past the pandemic phase's carries a critical effect on the expansion in energy consumption in high-income nations, subsequently middle-income nations. As total factor productivity headwinds underpin economic growth, fiscal policy is the only policy that probably sustains the pollution intensities and concurrently advances household well-being regarding consumption and jobs.

16.
"Studia Universitatis ""Vasile Goldis"" Arad. Seria stiinte economice." ; 32(4):81-108, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2054861

ABSTRACT

[...]this study focuses on the relationship between revenue generation and economic growth in Nigeria. [...]the study recommends economic diversification through strategic programs aimed at enhancing growth rather than remaining a mono-economy. According to Nzotta (2007), the tax system constitutes one of the very effective and efficient ways of generating internal revenue for the government. According to Alade (2017), government revenue sources comprise privatization proceeds, taxes, interest received, sale proceeds of goods, the commission received, and rent received among others.

17.
Mathematical Problems in Engineering ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2053417

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that pathwise outward foreign direct investment can promote the long-term economic growth of developed economies and some developing countries with sufficient technology, human capital, and financial efficiency. However, the contribution of inverse outward foreign direct investment from developing countries, especially China, on the economic growth of developed economies has not yet been demonstrated. Based on the endogenous growth theory, this article uses panel data of China’s inverse outward foreign direct investment and economic growth indicators of 26 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries from 2003 to 2017 to empirically study the contribution of China’s inverse outward foreign direct investment to the economic growth of developed economies and its mechanism, and furthermore to study the mediation effect of research and development capital and technological advances in the contribution. The empirical results show that China’s inverse outward foreign direct investment has a significant contribution to the economic growth of developed host countries, with a contribution rate of 3.01%. The contribution rate of the mediating effect is 24.3% when only considering technological advances and 54.34% when considering the multiple mediators of research and development capital and technological advances.

18.
Doklady. Mathematics ; 106(1):230-235, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2053147

ABSTRACT

A mathematical model is proposed that not only generates various scenarios of development, but also forms specific management measures aimed at suppressing the pandemic and restoring economic growth. The developed model of the mutual influence of the pandemic and the economy is not only a tool for effective and adequate forecasting, but is also capable of simulating various scenarios that may well correspond to real epidemiological processes. An advantage of the model is that the dynamics of the pandemic and GDP can be managed in practice in order to stabilize socioeconomic development.

19.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics - Taiwan, ICCE-Taiwan 2022 ; : 541-542, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2051986

ABSTRACT

During the period of COVID-19, it is still inevitable for people to contact with each other based on the consideration of economic development. Therefore, the health management measures for staying in the hotel have become an important part of epidemic prevention. As we all know, ultraviolet (UV) light is an effective disinfection and sterilization method, which has been widely used in many applications. In this paper, a hotel anti-epidemic management system is proposed to disinfect the used rooms by using UV LEDs through WiFi communication with the front desk computer, and therefore it can protect quests from virus infection. © 2022 IEEE.

20.
Development Southern Africa ; 39(5):722-737, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2050752

ABSTRACT

This article presents the results of the five waves of the National Income Dynamics Study - Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM) on food security between May 2020 and May 2021. Despite significant investments in social protection, food insecurity and household and child hunger remained stubbornly high. We conclude that given the protracted nature of the pandemic, slow economic recovery, household and child hunger have stabilised at higher levels than before the pandemic. The phasing out of emergency relief coupled with the constrained economic situation, are some of the reasons why levels of food insecurity and hunger are likely to remain high in the near future. Strict lockdown regulations also reduced employment and income from informal economic activities. Social support for vulnerable individuals and households remain an urgent priority. Continuing support targeted at households with children is particularly important given the dire consequences of enduring hunger for stunting, and on children's long-term development.

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