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1.
Investigacion Economica ; 81(322):110, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067513

ABSTRACT

Este artículo presenta un análisis de la caída de la producción de los estados de México en el segundo trimestre de 2020 como consecuencia de la pandemia de COVID-19. Estimamos modelos econométricos de corte transversal (ante la ausencia de efectos espaciales) y encontramos que las variables asociadas al contexto internacional, como las remesas, el grado de integración internacional y el sector básico, no tienen efectos estadísticamente significativos en la profunda contracción de la producción estatal, en tanto que la producción manufacturera, en particular de la bienes durables, las actividades turísticas y de esparcimiento resultaron significativas en su explicación.Alternate :This paper develops an analysis of the deep production contraction of Mexico's 32 states in the second quarter of 2020 as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-section econometric models are estimated (in the absence of spatial effects);the main results suggest that variables associated to the international context, such as remittances, degree of international integration and basic tradeable goods production do not have statistically significant effects on the drop of production, while manufacturing production, particularly that of durable goods, and touristic and leisure activities are significant in explaining it.

2.
International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies ; 37(4):725-734, 2022.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058042

ABSTRACT

La crise de la pandémie de Covid-19 et les différents chocs qui secouent l'économie mondiale, augmentent l'incertitude et mettent a l'épreuve la résilience du modele économique dominant. La succession des crises impose l'impératif de repenser l'économie et exige des pratiques appropriées susceptibles d'accélérer l'émergence d'une nouvelle structure de production plus résiliente. Selon cette perspective, ce travail ambitionne d'abord d'expliquer en quoi les crises récentes montrent l'incapacité de la résilience du modele dominant, ensuite, il examine des voies susceptibles de catalyser un modele économique résilient. Il s'agit de chercher les outils qui peuvent catalyser la transition de l'économie vers un modele jouant un rôle primordial dans la traversée des crises. Ce modele représente pour le Maroc une opportunité afin que son économie opte pour un sentier de développement qui vise la durabilité, la résilience et la création des richesses. Dans ce cadre, l'objectif est d'examiner les différentes transitions susceptibles de promouvoir conjointement la durabilité et la résilience dans le contex te économique et social marocain.Alternate :The Covid-19 pandemic crisis and the various shocks that are shaking the global economy, increasing uncertainty and testing the resilience of the dominant economic model. The succession of crises imposes the imperative to rethink the economy and requires adapted practices likely to accelerate the emergence of a new and more resilient production structure. According to this perspective, this work aims first to explain how recent crises show the inability of the resilience of the dominant model, then it examines ways likely to catalyze a resilient economic model. It is a question of looking for the tools that can catalyze the transition of the economy towards a model that plays a key role in overcoming crises. This model represents for Morocco an opportunity for its economy to opt for a development path that aims for sustainability, resilience and wealth creation. In this context, the objective is to examine the different transitions likely to jointly promote sustainability and resilience in the Moroccan economic and social context.

3.
Doklady. Mathematics ; 106(1):230-235, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2053147

ABSTRACT

A mathematical model is proposed that not only generates various scenarios of development, but also forms specific management measures aimed at suppressing the pandemic and restoring economic growth. The developed model of the mutual influence of the pandemic and the economy is not only a tool for effective and adequate forecasting, but is also capable of simulating various scenarios that may well correspond to real epidemiological processes. An advantage of the model is that the dynamics of the pandemic and GDP can be managed in practice in order to stabilize socioeconomic development.

4.
Revista de Gestão Social e Ambiental ; 16(1):1-19, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040620

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Discutir como as vulnerabilidades, principalmente no que tange as desigualdades sočiais, estäo atreladas aos desastres e como elas se potencializam diante da ocorrencia dos mesmos, agravando ainda mais a situaçâo de grupos e comunidades em condiçöes de fragilidade. Referencial Teórico: O desastre do rompimento da barragem da Vale foi analisado a partir da proposta de Gestäo de Riscos de Desastres (GRD) apresentada pelo Sendai Framework, que se baseia no fortalecimento de açöes e medidas de prevençâo de desastres, bem como no aumento a preparaçâo para respostas e recuperaçâo diante de desastres que possam vir a ocorrer. Metodologia/abordagem: O método utilizado foi o estudo de caso. Foram realizadas pesquisas documentais, observaçâo participante de grupos de WhatsApp e tres entrevistas com representantes do setor público e da sociedade civil, além de sete entrevistas com cidadäos de Brumadinho. A análise de conteúdo foi a estratégia para análise dos dados. Principais resultados: A experiencia do municipio de Brumadinho demonstra como a recuperaçâo de um desastre é difícil de ser realizada e torna ainda mais vulnerável e exposta ao risco a populaçâo atingida, potencializando fragilidades e desigualdades. Implicates da pesquisa: A situaçâo da cidade mineira evidencia a construçâo processual dos desastres e como o atual modelo de desenvolvimento económico e produtivo precisa ser repensado. As criticas a gestâo do desastre e a negligencia quanto a sua prevençâo podem servir para nortear decisőes do poder público no sentido de desenvolver açöes de prevençâo e reduçâo de danos. Originalidade/valor: Estudos empíricos que discutam a relaçâo entre desastres, vulnerabilidades e desigualdades sociais sâo fundamentais para se obter uma melhor compreensâo sobre complexidade que envolve a gestâo de desastres, e, principalmente, mostrar como as desigualdades sâo potencializadas a partir da ocorrencia de eventos dessa magnitude, agravando ainda mais a situaçâo de grupos e comunidades em condiçöes de fragilidade O artigo também contribui para a literatura da área na medida em que analisa os efeitos de superposiçâo de desastres - rompimento de barragem e pandemia - na populaçâo mais vulnerável.Alternate :Objective: To discuss how vulnerabilities, especially in terms of social inequalities, are linked to disasters and how they become more potent when disasters occur, further aggravating the situation of groups and communities in fragile conditions. Theoretical framework: The Vale dam failure disaster was analyzed from the Disaster Risk Management (DRM) proposal presented by the Sendai Framework, which is based on strengthening actions and measures to prevent disasters, as well as increasing preparedness for responses and recovery from disasters that may occur. Methodology/approach: The method used was the case study. Documentary research, participant observation of WhatsApp groups, and three interviews with representatives of the public sector and civil society were conducted, as well as seven interviews with citizens of Brumadinho. Content analysis was the strategy for data analysis. Main Results: The experience of the municipality of Brumadinho demonstrates how recovery from a disaster is difficult to accomplish and makes the affected population even more vulnerable and exposed to risk, potentiating fragilities and inequalities. Implications of the research: The situation of the city in Minas Gerais highlights the processual construction of disasters and how the current model of economic and productive development needs to be rethought. The criticism of disaster management and the negligence regarding its prevention can serve to guide decisions by the public authorities to develop prevention and damage reduction actions. Originality/value: Empirical studies that discuss the relationship between disasters, vulnerabilities and social inequalities are fundamental to obtain a better understanding of the complexity involved in disaster management, and es ecially to show how inequalities are enhanced by the occurrence of events of this magnitude, further aggravating the situation of groups and communities in fragile conditions.

5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 959567, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022984

ABSTRACT

Responding rapidly to emerging public health crises is vital to reducing their escalation, spread, and impact on population health. These responses, however, are challenging and disparate processes for researchers and practitioners. Researchers often develop new interventions that take significant time and resources, with little exportability. In contrast, community-serving systems are often poorly equipped to properly adopt new interventions or adapt existing ones in a data-driven way during crises' onset and escalation. This results in significant delays in deploying evidence-based interventions (EBIs) with notable public health consequences. This prolonged timeline for EBI development and implementation results in significant morbidity and mortality that is costly and preventable. As public health emergencies have demonstrated (e.g., COVID-19 pandemic), the negative consequences often exacerbate existing health disparities. Implementation science has the potential to bridge the extant gap between research and practice, and enhance equity in rapid public health responses, but is underutilized. For the field to have a greater "real-world" impact, it needs to be more rapid, iterative, participatory, and work within the timeframes of community-serving systems. This paper focuses on rapid adaptation as a developing implementation science area to facilitate system responses during public health crises. We highlight frameworks to guide rapid adaptation for optimizing existing EBIs when responding to urgent public health issues. We also explore the economic implications of rapid adaptation. Resource limitations are frequently a central reason for implementation failure; thus, we consider the economic impacts of rapid adaptation. Finally, we provide examples and propose directions for future research and application.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Implementation Science , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics , Public Health
6.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10641, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024186

ABSTRACT

Since the 21st century, crisis events have been frequent and normalized globally, and improving resilience has become the key for the tourism industry to cope with various uncertainty risks. To reveal the reality of the economic resilience of tourism in China, this study employed the autoregressive integrated moving average model (ARIMA) to construct a counterfactual function and integrated with the peaks-over-threshold (POT) model and geographical detector model to evaluate the spatiotemporal evolution and influencing factors of the economic resilience of tourism in China from the resistance and recoverability perspective, with a view to providing a reference for consolidating the resilience of the economic system of tourism in China and promoting the sustainable development of its tourism economy. The results showed that the economic resilience of tourism in China can be divided into four types—robust, self-reliant, laissez-faire, and fragile—based on a baseline resistance of −0.361 and recoverability of 0.342. Under different contraction–recovery cycles, the resistance and recoverability of China’s tourism economy have been progressively improved, transforming from the centralized model to the discrete model, from a fragile to a self-reliant type. The type of economic resilience of tourism in China exhibited a clustered contiguous development trend, with obvious zonal distribution characteristics and self-reliant tourism economic resilience areas dominating, but most areas have not yet formed stable economic resilience in their tourism sector. The ecological environment quality, government management ability, and technological innovation level were the main factors affecting the economic resilience of tourism in China. The interactions between different influencing factors were more significant in strengthening the tourism economic resilience.

7.
Sustainability ; 14(16):10413, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024163

ABSTRACT

Based on the logistic growth model, the relationship between technology innovation and the evolution of economic forms was analyzed, and the main characteristics and basic laws of the five economic forms of hunter–gatherer, agriculture, industry, information, and bioeconomy were summarized. Based on a comprehensive and intensive scan of the latest bioeconomy development strategies of various countries, we summarized their two main driving forces from the technological supply side and economic and social demand side, as well as their four distinctive features, namely the comprehensiveness of science and technology innovation, the aggregation of industrial development, the globalization of development goals, and strong policy dependence. Finally, we proposed countermeasures to design the implementation path of the bioeconomy and improve the quality of the bioeconomy factor supply in terms of the development and application of biotechnology, the upgradation of bioindustry clusters, the positive policy environment, and the theorization of the bioeconomy.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(16):10304, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024153

ABSTRACT

The poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are in a worse predicament than their counterparts in other regions. The goal of this study was to establish the key drivers of poverty in SSA by looking at how economic variables affect growth and poverty. Data from ten SSA nations—upper-middle-income countries (UMIC), lower-middle-income countries (LMIC), and low-income countries (LIC)—were analyzed based on historical values from 2015 to 2019. From the six economic variables studied, the best model reveals that 78% of the differences in poverty can be accounted for using a methodical, statistical approach. Poverty and unemployment rates have a substantial positive relationship (p = 0.001662). The gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate and poverty have a slight link, which is significant at the 10% level (p = 0.067) but is not a significant contributor to poverty alleviation. The secondary school enrolment rate has no bearing on poverty variation (p = 0.33). Increased GDP does not necessarily correspond to poverty reduction. Unemployment, on the other hand, is a major contributor to poverty in the region. Moreover, education (secondary school ennoblement) plays a less important role in reducing poverty, whereas per capita personal consumer spending and GDP growth rate have a bigger impact on poverty reduction. The proposed theoretical and numerical model works on general indicators and trends;it does not guarantee that people in the UMIC, LMIC, and LIC countries may not fall below the international poverty line ($1.90 per day). The poverty rates are predicted to climb by more than 2% by 2030, postponing poverty elimination in the SSA region by almost five years. This signifies that more than half of the SSA population will remain poor.

9.
Energies ; 15(16):6042, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023310

ABSTRACT

Conventional and emerging paradigms of urbanism require new responses under the current circumstances, especially in relation to the integration of sustainability dimensions and technology advances. The escalating rate of urbanization, coupled with the climate emergency, fundamentally indeed disrupt the challenges that urbanism research and practice deal with, calling for adopting more innovative approaches to urban planning and design. With cities contributing around 65% of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and experiencing an unprecedented growth of population, contemporary urban policy needs to be redefined and re-assessed accordingly. While numerous urban models, such as the Compact City, the Eco-City, the Sustainable City, and the Smart City, have emerged in response to the challenges of sustainability and urbanization, the 15-Minute City has recently gained a steep popularity. This paper explores the theoretical, practical, and technological foundations of the 15-Minute City, with a particular focus on the proximity dimension of mixed land-use and its environmental, social, and economic benefits of sustainability as supported by smart technologies. We argue that this evolving model of urbanism has the potential to gain more expansion and success in regard to building more sustainable, efficient, resilient, equitable, and inclusive cities in line with the global agendas of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11, as it adds a strategic value to the amalgam of the prevailing and emerging paradigms of urbanism and their synergies with respect to increasing the benefits of sustainability while emphasizing its environmental dimension.

10.
Agriculture ; 12(8):1159, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023051

ABSTRACT

How to protect the ecological environment is an important international issue for achieving the sustainable development goals. Using survey data of 2628 farmers in 52 administrative villages in 13 prefecture-level cities of the China Land Economic Survey in 2020, probit and multinomial logistic regression models were used to explore the influence of social capital on farmers’ willingness, behavior and the transformation between willingness and behavior. The results show that: (1) The consistency between farmers’ willingness and behavior is low;90.25% of farmers had the willingness to separate waste, but only 48.49% of farmers had actually classified waste, and only 48.22% of farmers had transformed willingness into behavior. (2) Among the three dimensions of social capital, social network, social norm and social trust, all had positive and significant effects on farmers’ willingness and behavior to separate waste. (3) Social network and social norm had a positive and significant impact on the transformation of farmers’ willingness to separate waste into behavior, but social trust was not significant. The research results confirm that the contradiction between farmers’ intention and behavior of waste separation were generally inconsistent in rural areas. At the same time, the results showed that social capital can promote farmers’ willingness and behavior of waste separation and the transformation from a willingness to behavior, which can provide decision-making reference for how to improve farmers’ high willingness and behavior.

11.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science ; 1069(1):011001, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2017615

ABSTRACT

Dear Authors and (Online) Participants of MMTES-IV, International Scientific Conference «Mathematical Modeling of Technical and Economic Systems in Agriculture (MMTES-IV)» was successfully held online on November 17-19, 2021 at the Department of Mathematical Modeling and Computer Science (location of organizers - Volgograd, Agricultural University, Russian Federation). Due to COVID-2019 and the pandemic-related nationwide lockdowns and other coordinated restrictive measures, the organizers decided to hold a conference in a virtual format with the organization of access for all participants to the presented reports with comprehensive discussion for ensuring the event at a high scientific level.The safety and well-being of all conference participants is our priority. The COVID-19 is unpredictable, so conference postponement met uncertainty, while many scholars and researchers want to attend this long-waited conference and have academic exchanges with their peers. But we want to note that there are no barriers to science, and we continue to work on our research areas remotely, using modern technical means. The conference was held virtually for 2 days (November 17-19, 2021) including keynote and invited speeches, authors’ presentation session. The event was held online using Zoom communication platform for synchronous conversation. The conference was organized as a large-scale online meeting of participants in topical sessions with the opportunity for speakers to provide regulated demonstrations of slides and video files according to the approved technical program. Each speaker had 15 min presentation and 5 min Q&A session. There were always 20-25 participants in the network. During the online presentation, participants discussed more than 50 questions on the problems of modeling technical and economic systems in the agro-industrial complex. Participants of the conference were from the leading institutions of Russian Federation, China, Turkey, France, Uzbekistan, Germany, Republic of Belarus (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, St. Petersburg Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Matrosov Institute for Systems Dynamics and Control Theory of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Far Eastern Federal University, Southwest State University, Belgorod National Research University, Federal Research Center «Computer Science and Control», Russian Academy of Sciences, Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute, Technical University Of Munich, All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture, Belarusian State Agrarian Technical University, Volgograd State Technical University and others), dealing with problems of using artificial intelligence and digital technologies in technical systems. The outstanding performance of all the presenters made this conference truly spectacular. Main topics of the conference were:1. Mathematical modeling of socio-technical and organizational-economic systems.2. Modeling of natural-technical and agro-ecological processes.3. Artificial intelligence and neural network technologies in agricultural production.4. Modeling of innovative and technological processes in agricultural engineering.5. Modeling of reclamation and environmental technologies in agricultural production.6. Resource and technological support for the production of agricultural products.7. Seed production, plant breeding and biotechnology.8. Innovative technologies in solving economic problems in the agro-industrial complex.9. Modern electrical technologies, electrical equipment and power supply in rural areas.List of Committee is available in this Pdf.

12.
Economic Policy ; 37(110):405-406, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2013080

ABSTRACT

Dirk Krueger replied to the discussants. Responding to Federica Romei, he first said that in the model, depending on the assumptions, there can be an isomorphism from getting consumption generating infections versus infections at work, so it is possible to reformulate the model and make the two equivalent. He also noted that in the paper the authors tried to sketch in a stylized way the decisions made by Swedish policymakers and that it is true that in practice some social distancing measures were put in place. He said that these social distancing measures may partially capture the time varying infection parameters. He also added that on the economic side there were some restrictions;hence, it may be possible that the characterization made in the model is too extreme, but he still believes it is a fairly accurate approximation.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(15):9088, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994157

ABSTRACT

This study examines the spatial and temporal impacts of climate change on grain production in China. This is achieved by establishing a spatial error model consisting of four indicators: the climate, air pollution, economic behavior, and agricultural technology, covering 31 provinces in China from 2004 to 2020. These indicators are used to validate the spatial impacts of climate change on grain production. Air pollution data are used as instrumental variables to address the causality between climate and grain production. The regression results show that: First, climatic variables all have a non-linear “increasing then decreasing” effect on food production. Second, SO2, PM10, and PM2.5 have a negative impact on grain production. Based on the model, changes in the climatic production potential of grain crops can be calculated, and the future spatial layout of climate production can also be predicted by using random forests. Studies have shown that the median value of China’s grain production potential is decreasing, and the low value is increasing.

14.
Sustainability ; 14(15):8984, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994146

ABSTRACT

The main topics of this Special Issue include the following: (i) building management, (ii) building costs, (iii) mass appraisal methods, (iv) econometric models, (v) real estate risk management, (vi) economic valuation of real estate investment projects, (vii) real estate market, (viii) social housing, (ix) urban economics, (x) land, (xi) transport economics, (xii) real estate economics and finance, (xiii) sustainable building transformations and economic effects on environment, (xiv) green buildings, (xv) resilient cities, (xvi) COVID-19 pandemic and (xvii) Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG). [...]the universities or research institutes affiliations to which the Authors belong are distributed throughout the world: in the Europe the authors come from Spain, France, Portugal, Netherland, Germany, Belgium, United Kingdom, Poland, and Hungary;in Asia from China, Korea, Russia, Malaysia, and United Arab Emirates;in South America from Colombia and Chile;in Africa from Ghana;and in Oceania from Australia. In particular, in the study the central role played by public-private partnership (PPP) to combine the competencies of the public sector and both the financial and managerial commitment of the private entities in the process of delivering infrastructure, to fulfilling social and economic needs, to rise the quality of life, and to support sustainable development, is recognized and, then, a conceptual model for the identification and classification of stakeholders in this projects typology, is developed and tested [5]. By selecting a single-story 3D-printed house in the United Arab Emirates, the authors implement the life cycle assessment (LCA) framework to quantify the environmental loads of raw materials extraction and manufacturing, as well as energy consumption during construction and operation phases;the authors also identify the economics of the selected structural systems through life cycle costing analysis (LCCA).

15.
Journal of Tourism Futures ; 8(2):146-150, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1985408

ABSTRACT

Virtually, every country's tourist arrivals were affected and continued to be for most of the next two years with significantly reduced air transport links, border restrictions and entry barriers, self-isolation requirements and measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19 that impacted, especially hospitality businesses and also the way in which both the public and private tourism sectors were able to operate (UNWTO, 2020). The global tourism community recognised the potential positive implications of the crisis caused by COVID-19, and calls for a re-imagination of tourism towards a more sustainable and holistically beneficial approach were heard everywhere, including, of course, in New Zealand: a country known for marketing itself for over 20 years with the slogan “100% Pure New Zealand” (McClure, 2004) and its natural scenery as the main attraction for nearly four million international visitors per year. Using a prognosis–prediction paradigm from futures studies and a trend analysis approach, the authors forecast a series of tourist trends at the beginning of COVID-19 based upon a multitude of sources. At the heart of Fountain's (2021) paper is the relationship between economy and identity with food and representing both concepts;thus, the following question is propositioned “what role will – or could – food and drink play in a more resilient tourism future for the country?” Fountain observes that COVID-19 has accelerated a number of trends, which are likely to influence the resetting of tourism on a more resilient and regenerative pathway.

16.
Agricultural Economics ; 53(1):72-89, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1970443

ABSTRACT

AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT : Swift response models are vital tools for emergency assistance agencies. The COVID-19 pandemic revealed the lack of economic models for short-run policy relevant research to anticipate local impacts and design effective policy responses. The most direct effects of the pandemic and lockdown tended to be concentrated in urban areas;however, markets quickly transmitted impacts to rural areas as well as among poor and non-poor households. General equilibrium modeling is a tool of choice to capture indirect, spillover effects of exogenous shocks. This article describes an unusual micro general-equilibrium (GE) modeling approach that we developed to quickly simulate impacts of the pandemic and lockdowns on poor and non-poor rural and urban households across sub-Saharan Africa. Monte Carlo bootstrapping was used to construct four stylized regional GE models from 34 existing local economy-wide impact evaluation (LEWIE) models. Simulations revealed that the pandemic and policy responses to curtail its spread were likely to affect rural households at least as severely as urban households. Simulated income losses are greater in poor households in both urban and rural settings. These findings are relatively consistent across models spanning sub-Saharan Africa. Because COVID-19 impacts are so far-reaching, all types of economies experience downturns. Our research underlines the importance of modeling assumptions. We find total annualized impacts of around a 6-percent loss of GDP, smaller than estimates from single-country models that ignore price effects, such as SAM-multiplier models, but in line with The World Bank's baseline forecast of a 5.2% contraction in global GDP in 2020. The largest negative impacts are on poor rural households

17.
El Trimestre Económico ; 89(3):829-864, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934815

ABSTRACT

La crisis sanitaria generada por la acelerada propagación en el planeta del virus sarsCoV2 -fuente de la enfermedad covid-19- ha tenido un impacto negativo inevitable en los sistemas de salud y, simultáneamente, en la dinámica de las economías global, regional y nacional. Los problemas estructurales de la economía mexicana y la estrechez del espacio fiscal no surgieron con la pandemia, se fueron configurando durante las últimas tres décadas mediante la implementación del modelo económico que privilegió las políticas orientadas al mercado y el retiro de la intervención del Estado en la economía, en busca de una supuesta eficiencia en la asignación de los recursos y los factores productivos. En este artículo se analiza el impacto de la covid-19 en la economía y la hacienda pública de México, desde una perspectiva que plantea la existencia previa de las debilidades estructurales de la economía, a fin de buscar mayor dinamismo de la producción, el ingreso, la inversión productiva, la generación de empleo y la productividad laboral. También se plantea que las crisis de salud y económica representan una oportunidad para impulsar un nuevo modelo económico que trascienda las políticas económicas de raíz neoliberal, mediante el diseño y la instrumentación de una política para la transformación y la diversificación productivas, el desarrollo industrial, la innovación, la ciencia y la tecnología. Se busca un nuevo modelo económico que vaya más allá de la pandemia para el desarrollo de capacidades productivas y tecnológicas en el que la política económica no sea un fin para la estabilidad macroeconómica, sino un medio para alcanzar el objetivo central de bienestar social de la población.Alternate :The health crisis generated by the accelerated spread on the planet of the sars-CoV2 virus - the source of the covid-19 disease-has had an inevitable negative impact on health systems and simultaneously on the dynamics of the global, regional, and national economies. The structural problems of the Mexican economy and the narrowness of the fiscal space did not arise with the pandemic, they were configured during the last three decades with the implementation of the economic model that privileged market-oriented policies and the withdrawal of state intervention in the economy., in search of a supposed efficiency in the allocation of resources and productive factors. This article analyzes the impact of the covid-19 disease on the economy and public finances of Mexico, within a perspective that raises the previous existence of structural weaknesses in the economy to generate greater dynamism in production, income, productive investment, job creation, and labor productivity. The health and economic crises represent an opportunity to promote a new economic model that transcends the policies of neoliberal roots, through the design and implementation of an economic policy for the transformation and diversification of production, industrial development, innovation, science, and technology. A new economic model that goes beyond the pandemic, for the development of productive and technological capacities in which economic policy is not an end for macroeconomic stability, but a means to achieve the central objective of social welfare of the population.

18.
Trimestre Económico ; 89(355):829-864, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1934814

ABSTRACT

The health crisis generated by the accelerated spread on the planet of the sars-CoV2 virus—the source of the covid-19 disease—has had an inevitable negative impact on health systems and simultaneously on the dynamics of the global, regional, and national economies. The structural problems of the Mexican economy and the narrowness of the fiscal space did not arise with the pandemic, they were configured during the last three decades with the implementation of the economic model that privileged market-oriented policies and the withdrawal of state intervention in the economy., in search of a supposed efficiency in the allocation of resources and productive factors. This article analyzes the impact of the covid-19 disease on the economy and public finances of Mexico, within a perspective that raises the previous existence of structural weaknesses in the economy to generate greater dynamism in production, income, productive investment, job creation, and labor productivity. The health and economic crises represent an opportunity to promote a new economic model that transcends the policies of neoliberal roots, through the design and implementation of an economic policy for the transformation and diversification of production, industrial development, innovation, science, and technology. A new economic model that goes beyond the pandemic, for the development of productive and technological capacities in which economic policy is not an end for macroeconomic stability, but a means to achieve the central objective of social welfare of the population. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] La crisis sanitaria generada por la acelerada propagación en el planeta del virus sars- CoV2 —fuente de la enfermedad covid-19— ha tenido un impacto negativo inevitable en los sistemas de salud y, simultáneamente, en la dinámica de las economías global, regional y nacional. Los problemas estructurales de la economía mexicana y la estrechez del espacio fiscal no surgieron con la pandemia, se fueron configurando durante las últimas tres décadas mediante la implementación del modelo económico que privilegió las políticas orientadas al mercado y el retiro de la intervención del Estado en la economía, en busca de una supuesta eficiencia en la asignación de los recursos y los factores productivos. En este artículo se analiza el impacto de la covid-19 en la economía y la hacienda pública de México, desde una perspectiva que plantea la existencia previa de las debilidades estructurales de la economía, a fin de buscar mayor dinamismo de la producción, el ingreso, la inversión productiva, la generación de empleo y la productividad laboral. También se plantea que las crisis de salud y económica representan una oportunidad para impulsar un nuevo modelo económico que trascienda las políticas económicas de raíz neoliberal, mediante el diseño y la instrumentación de una política para la transformación y la diversificación productivas, el desarrollo industrial, la innovación, la ciencia y la tecnología. Se busca un nuevo modelo económico que vaya más allá de la pandemia para el desarrollo de capacidades productivas y tecnológicas en el que la política económica no sea un fin para la estabilidad macroeconómica, sino un medio para alcanzar el objetivo central de bienestar social de la población. (Spanish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Trimestre Económico is the property of Fondo de Cultura Economica / Mexico and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

19.
Sustainability ; 14(13):8045, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934252

ABSTRACT

The paper proposes a comprehensive and operational definition of Sustainable Food Packaging (SFP). Sustainability is a multifaceted concept, yet most SFP conversations decline it as a mere material substitution issue. The efforts of regulators, packaging producers, food companies, and consumers towards the design and adoption of SFP products are likely to fail without a common understanding of the multiple means by which food packaging contributes to sustainability. Based on an extensive literature review and the contributions of SFP innovation experts, the paper builds a Food Packaging Sustainability Framework (FPSF) that encompasses the three main dimensions of SFP, namely environmental conservation, food safety, and social value, and operationalizes them in terms of objectives and activable levers. The framework can be used as a tool to search and evaluate food packaging products, a conceptual guide for SFP design, and a narrative platform for coordinating supply chain actors, including consumers. The experimental activities applying FPSF gathered the different actors in the supply chain to jointly adopt the integrated model that distributes environmental, social, and economic benefits along the entire production chain.

20.
Sustainability ; 14(13):7949, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1934245

ABSTRACT

Digital business transformation is considered an effective business strategy that appears to have gained attention since the enterprises are challenged to continuously improve their business practices as well as capabilities. The use of digital technologies could reduce the influence of external crises and could introduce massive changes in business operations by providing better business models. Moreover, adopting digital technology can influence both economic sustainability and social value of enterprises and can improve regional socio-economic conditions. There are few recent studies on how technology can empower enterprises at different phases of growth and sustainability;furthermore, very few studies are available that determine how adopting different modern digital technologies can create value for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, this study aims to close this gap and investigate the moderating role of entrepreneurial orientation. With the support of resource-based view (RBV) and dynamic capability view (DCV) theories, along with a literature review, a theoretical model has been developed. It was then validated using the PLS-SEM technique considering 319 respondents who are SME employees in India. The findings show that adopting digital technologies has a significant impact on the creation of economic sustainability and social value for SMEs. The study also found a significant moderating impact of entrepreneurial orientation on the relationship between social and economic value creation and SME performance.

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