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1.
Econ Anal Policy ; 2022 Oct 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2086123

ABSTRACT

After the pandemic, China's fiscal and monetary authorities implemented macroeconomic restructuring measures to combat the pandemic. Using a difference-in-difference model based on data collected during the COVID-19 phase, this study attempted to determine the economic recovery in China using the pandemic means for economic growth and energy consumption in other economies. A 0.21 percent increase in the western region's economic growth is comparable to a 0.15 percent increase in the growth of the southern central and northern regions during the pandemic period. Accordingly, we found evidence of actual provincial spillover effects in the clustering of high- and poor-performing regions. The impact of China's economic resurgence beyond the pandemic phase plays an important role in expanding power consumption in different regions. Since headwinds hamper economic development to aggregate output, fiscal policy is the sole option for maintaining pollution levels while simultaneously improving household well-being in terms of demand and employment.

2.
Cogent Economics & Finance ; 10(1), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070059

ABSTRACT

The Sar-Cov-2 pandemic that began in 2019 has significantly affected the global economy and, in particular, those of African countries. This paper analyzes possible intervention channels by African states to put their economies back on a sustainable growth path once the health crisis is under control. The paper proposes workable macroeconomic channels for these countries' recovery from post-pandemic periods by using historical data to conduct empirical analyses. The paper employs World Bank data and ILOSTAT for 54 African countries within the period 1990-2018. We use a post-Keynesian framework and the difference and system generalized method-of-moments to show that wages drive African economic dynamics in the short run. This is particularly true for Sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, foreign output, proxied by European Union output, has a positive and significant impact on Sub-Saharan African economies in the short and long run. The results highlight strategic policy measures for recovering African economies, including improving wages and deepening international economic relations, particularly with the Eurozone countries.

3.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344344

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed catastrophic impacts on the restaurant industry as a crucial socioeconomic sector that contributes immensely to the global economy. However, what remains incomplete is our quantitative understanding of how the restaurant industry was recovered from COVID-19 in terms of restaurant visitations and revenue, customers’ origins as well as the relationship between restaurant visitations and travel distances. Existing studies in the context of COVID-19 mainly reply on survey data and cannot reveal the changing spectrum of the restaurant industry at a large spatial and temporal scale. Here we construct a spatially explicit evaluation of the effect of COVID-19 on the restaurant industry in the United States, drawing on the attributes of +200,000 restaurants from Yelp and +600 million individual-level restaurant visitations provided by SafeGraph from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2021. We produce quantitative evidence of lost restaurant visitations and revenue amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the changes in the areal characteristics of customers’ origins, and the retained visitation law of human mobility—the number of restaurant visitations decreases as the inverse square of their travel distances—though such a distance-decay effect varies across metropolitan areas and becomes marginal at the later stage of the pandemic. Our findings support policy makers to monitor economic relief and design place-based policies for economic recovery.

4.
Economic Change and Restructuring ; 55(4):2663-2685, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2059927

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to granularly document the fundamental aspects of the pandemic and its effect on the global scale and environmental steadiness. Structural equation modeling (SEM) is therefore utilized to analyze these constructs. The study results show that the pathway coefficient for the parameters, such as health awareness, naturalism, mediation, personal development, sustainability, sociability, empathy, and cooperation, illustrates that the parameters directly impact pandemic control and management. At the same time, the lockdown and social distance rules attain dire consequences on the “conventional” retail property sector. It might speed up the evolution procedure of different conduits retail plus the channel coupling performance of physical stores and, hence, cause changes in urban areas–retail sector. The pandemic isn’t necessarily leading to the shutdown of retail stores. Nonetheless, it might have a meaningful effect on the retail estate enterprise business. The results show a requirement for the rapid physical shop repositioning performance of different channels firms. The study presents a meaningful understanding and demonstrates many consequences for the retailers, Landlords, and equally policy crafting components tackling urban regeneration plus local economic advancement within the post-covid phase.

5.
Economic Change and Restructuring ; 55(4):2215-2235, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2059925

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to evaluate the efficacy of macroeconomic revamping policies operationalized after the pandemic by fiscal and monetary regulators to fight the pandemic in China. This study aims to assess what the Chinese economic recovery implies after the pandemic regarding economic expansion and energy consumption of different economies utilizing an econometric approximation relying on data throughout the COVID-19 phase. Within the extended stage, Chinese economic development spillover impacts attain the same effect on upper-middle-income nations' economic expansion of 0.18 percent, next to the economic development, of lower-middle-income countries of 0.15 percent and high-income nations. We discover proofs of robust direct provincial spillovers, implying that provinces tend to construct a cluster of high-performing and low-performing areas, a procedure that accentuates regional earnings variances. Applying the experience of revamping previous financial crisis, we replicate the impact of the pandemic on the competence of these, and by far, other upper limit income nations to build back better from the pandemic to jobs occasioned by proofs of the pandemic. The spillover impact of China’s economic revival past the pandemic phase's carries a critical effect on the expansion in energy consumption in high-income nations, subsequently middle-income nations. As total factor productivity headwinds underpin economic growth, fiscal policy is the only policy that probably sustains the pollution intensities and concurrently advances household well-being regarding consumption and jobs.

6.
Management Accountant ; 57(10):64, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058155

ABSTRACT

Supply Chain (SC) has gained popularity in this globalized era, and is especially relevant today to tide over the slump caused due to Covid pandemic. SC is now a key economic infrastructure too and businesses remodel their SCs to be future-ready. Focusing on housing and real estate sector, this study seeks to design the SC strategy that can quickly recover this sector and hence the whole economy, given its vast linkage effects.

7.
Management Accountant ; 57(10):43, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058067

ABSTRACT

One of the positive fallouts of the Covid crisis seems to be the policy initiatives of GOI in line with PM's clarion call for Vocal for Local targeted to expand the efficiency and competitive edge of the indigenous industries. Basically it may be in line with the Swaraj calls during the pre-independence India or the earlier steps like Make in India but there were obvious risk minimization steps necessitated by the dislocation of the international supply chain as a result of the world wide shut down due to covid impacts. Many segments of the economy have already started benefitting from the policy and it seems to be on a firm course for greater good for the overall economy.

8.
Forest and Society ; 6(2):620-638, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2056853

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the household bamboo handicraft industry in rural areas. A comprehensive study was conducted to identify impacts, living strategies, and economic recovery;the findings will be used as a basis to recommend supporting policy to create a more resilient bamboo handicraft business. This study applied phenomenological approach to interpret the social impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In December 2021, 30 bamboo craftsmen in Semin Village, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta Special Province were interviewed. Results show that 96.7% of bamboo craftsmen experienced a decrease in profit, with 46.6% reporting no order for a long period. The profit earned by craftsmen decreased by 76.50%. Bamboo craftsmen adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic by minimizing capital expenses, creating innovations marketing in options (i.e., direct sales, selling online) and focusing on alternative income sources (farming, hunting and gathering, selling food, and becoming laborers) to survive. As the spread of the virus was controlled, leading to the relaxation of restrictions on economic activities, the bamboo industry in Semin has entered an economic recovery phase. Currently, the average profit has reached 66.18%, compared to the profit earned in normal pre-pandemic situation. We believe the government should facilitate craftsmen to build their capacity in e-commerce, export mechanism, market network creation, tool acquisition, and English proficiency. This would enhance the bamboo handicraft industry in Semin to be more resilient facing future challenges. © 2022, Hasanuddin University. All rights reserved.

9.
Frontiers in Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2055012

ABSTRACT

The pandemic has presented governments with a variety of complex effects. These include the disruption of the entire economy, the development of mass unemployment, and the impact of the pandemic on the public health systems. It is also becoming clear that the timescale of the crisis may significantly change the foundations of society’s daily lives. This study is focused on analyzing the effects of Covid19 on the employment and businesses sectors. It also examined the various policies and actions that governments of selected countries took and can take to sustain the economic recovery. Although the pandemic has already caused unprecedented social and economic crises, it is still not over. The pandemic caused unprecedented health, economic environment, and social crises at the global level, however, several measures to curb the damages are underway, as the development of vaccines, immunization campaigns, job retention schemes, and financial support schemes to offset the worst economic impact of COVID-19. Under the current pandemic situation where new variants are still on the loose and causing trouble in many parts of the world, it is extremely important to maintain highly targeted support, especially towards the sustainable job market. Otherwise, bankruptcies and unemployment can make the economic recovery much harder. Strong economic policies can create and sustain jobs by supporting employers to avoid bankruptcies particularly for emerging and high-performing companies. To avoid experiencing the same issues that young people experienced during the global financial crisis, states should take immediate action to help them avoid falling behind. Concrete measures are required to sustain their connection with the education system and labor market. Copyright © 2022 Naqvi.

10.
6th IEEE International Conference on Cybernetics and Computational Intelligence, CyberneticsCom 2022 ; : 341-346, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2051961

ABSTRACT

The office of social affairs has been helping poor or marginalized families through social aid in dealing with poverty. This social aid emphasizes decreasing the poverty rate and economic recovery affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the selection process in the previous year evaluated many families as aid recipient candidates through a conventional process selected by an officer. It would be vulnerable to subjectivity in assessment. Therefore, we attempted to develop a hybrid Multiple Criteria Decision-Making (MCDM) methodology to apply it to this particular decision-making process. This methodology amalgamated the DEMATEL method and the EDAS method with different tasks. Firstly, the DEMATEL method decided the feasible criteria weights automatically based on the proficient decision-maker assessment in estimating a pairwise criteria comparison. Secondly, the EDAS applied the criteria weight values to determine alternatives rank order based on the value of the appraisal score. After comparing with the VIKOR method, the hybrid DEMATEL-EDAS method demonstrated the stability and capability in dealing with the different influence parameters on the final results. © 2022 IEEE.

11.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 140:71-88, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046696

ABSTRACT

Sectors strategic to the post Covid-19 economic recovery Parana are identified here by using an input-output matrix and economic indicators calculated from 2018 Parana-Rest of Brazil interregional system data. Intersectoral linkages indices portray food industry, civil construction, commerce and land transport as driving sectors of the state economy. Results concerning production, employment and income are higher for the textile and clothing, commerce, accommodation and food, education, health, and software development sectors, the latter being an important sector for the emergence of micro and small business. Incentive actions directed to strategic sectors in the economic recovery involve professional qualification, microcredit, business incubators, and extension activities focusing the dissemination of new communication and sales technologies.

12.
15th IADIS International Conference Information Systems 2022, IS 2022 ; : 90-98, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2046566

ABSTRACT

As a result of the global pandemic of COVID 19, many socio-economic sectors have been affected, the most affected being the tourism, hospitality, and gastronomy industries, which are closely related. As part of the reactivation activities proposed by different governments around the world, in addition to financial support, technological solutions have been determined for these sectors in such a way that responsible public entities have had the need to propose interoperability solutions that help increase the number of customers in these three sectors as the restrictions have been decreasing in terms of attendance at hotels, restaurants and several tourist centers. This paper presents the current state of maturity in the application of interoperable information systems by public institutions responsible in Ecuador, as well as a preliminary approach to a model for evaluation of this type of IT solutions. © 2022 CURRAN-CONFERENCE. All rights reserved.

13.
Sustainable Development ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2041241

ABSTRACT

Countries around the world are facing enormous challenges in their economic and social development as COVID-19 continues to spread, resulting in slower economic recovery in the post-pandemic era. Considering the impact of economic growth on future sustainable development in this new era, green economic recovery (GER) can achieve a win-win situation between economic recovery and environmental improvement and bring forth environmentally sustainable economic growth. This research first lists related COVID-19 literature surveys and GER policies in the post-pandemic era in China. Based on a comparative study of the international experience of GER policy practices, this paper then analyzes the opportunities and challenges China faces for GER and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions on how to promote its sustainable development in the post-epidemic era. We believe our research presents useful enlightenments for sustainable economic and social development in the post-epidemic era.

14.
The International Journal of Organizational Diversity ; 21(1):71-87, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030488

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly negative impacts on people’s lives and has challenged national leadership to take necessary measures to solve it. The Indonesian government has been confronted with issues such as health services, case detection, the financial capacity of the state, and the decline of economic activity. This study aimed to examine the policies and social advantages of “the new normal” as a case study of handling the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. This was a qualitative study using primary and secondary data. The study showed that the government’s responses were ineffective and insufficient for preparing contingency measures. Poor coordination between central and regional governments has also been observed as a public concern. The central government decided to implement a large-scale social distancing policy instead of imposing a total lockdown due to its massive financial burden on the government. While making the policies, the central government was concerned more with political and economic considerations and prohibited regional governments from imposing local lockdown policies, unless permitted by the central government. This situation allegedly resulted in substandard protection of the people from the pandemic. The central government’s budgeting policy also failed to put more emphasis on the public health services because the budget for the health sector was lower than the budget for economic recovery and social assistance. However, notwithstanding the government’s unproductive policies in handling the pandemic, Indonesian people have mutual assistance culture as a social advantage. Through such social capital, people were driven to help each other, especially regarding social and economic assistance to the affected people. Contrarily, mutual awareness may have driven people to refrain from doing activities in public areas and to stay at home to stop the spread of COVID-19. It boosted the social endurance of the people in dealing with the pandemic toward a new normal.

15.
Polit Policy ; 2022 Sep 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2029417

ABSTRACT

Most governments upscaled technological adaptations and integration into public service delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic policy responses globally. This article analyzes the context of open innovation (OI) applications and initiatives that characterized public innovation trends and impacted government agencies' responses to contain different consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in four critical areas: economic recovery strategies, logistics and supply chain, digital health-care partnerships, and collaborations. We show how policy responses increased the uptake and upscaling of OI strategies in Kenya and South Africa. In both countries, government agencies, among other things, upgraded innovative or created online integrated portals for instant data sharing and used knowledge management platforms to monitor the COVID-19 pandemic prevalence in transportation systems and the delivery of vaccines. These enabled effective policy communication and tracing of COVID-19 patients, organizing the population for the vaccination drive, and generating timely data for further action in the four mentioned sectors. Related Articles: Lachapelle, Erick, Thomas Bergeron, Richard Nadeau, Jean-François Daoust, Ruth Dassonneville, and Éric Bélanger. 2021. "Citizens' Willingness to Support New Taxes for COVID-19 Measures and the Role of Trust." Politics & Policy 49(3): 534-65. https://doi.org/10.1111/polp.12404.Liu, Zezhao, and Zhengwei Zhu. 2021. "China's Pathway to Domestic Emergency Management: Unpacking the Characteristics in System Evolution." Politics & Policy 49(3): 619-50. https://doi.org/10.1111/polp.12407.Pelizzo, Riccardo, and Abel Kinyondo. 2014. "Public Accounts Committees in Eastern and Southern Africa: A Comparative Analysis." Politics & Policy 42(1): 77-102. https://doi.org/10.1111/polp.12062.


La mayoría de los gobiernos mejoraron las adaptaciones tecnológicas y la integración en la prestación de servicios públicos durante las respuestas políticas a la pandemia de COVID­19 a nivel mundial. Este artículo analiza el contexto de las aplicaciones e iniciativas de Innovación Abierta (OI) que caracterizaron las tendencias de innovación pública e impactaron las respuestas de las agencias gubernamentales para contener diferentes consecuencias de la pandemia de COVID­19 en cuatro áreas críticas: estrategias de recuperación económica, logística y cadena de suministro, digital asociaciones y colaboraciones de atención médica. Mostramos cómo las respuestas políticas aumentaron la aceptación y la ampliación de las estrategias de OI en Kenia y Sudáfrica. En ambos países, las agencias gubernamentales, entre otras cosas, mejoraron o crearon portales integrados en línea innovadores para el intercambio instantáneo de datos y utilizaron plataformas de gestión del conocimiento para monitorear la prevalencia de la pandemia de COVID­19 en los sistemas de transporte y la entrega de vacunas. Estos permitieron una comunicación política efectiva y el rastreo de pacientes con COVID­19, organizando a la población para la campaña de vacunación y generando datos oportunos para acciones futuras en los cuatro sectores mencionados.

16.
EURE, Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales ; 48(145):1-17,19-23, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025419

ABSTRACT

El impacto del Covid-19 ha supuesto una brusca paralización del turismo, generando incertidumbre a nivel internacional. En este marco, el último periodo de auge del sector, correspondiente a la recuperación económica en 2012, y la repentina nueva recesión en 2020, ofrecen un periodo privilegiado para examinar los impactos del turismo en los centros urbanos. Este trabajo analiza la relación entre procesos sociodemográficos y el alquiler turístico en el último periodo de auge del turismo, tomando como caso de estudio los centros históricos de dos ciudades andaluzas de marcado carácter turístico: Sevilla y Cádiz. El análisis se fundamenta en los datos sociodemográficos suministrados por el Censo de Población y Vivienda y el Padrón Municipal de Habitantes, junto a información de alquileres suministrados por distintas fuentes. Como resultado, el trabajo demuestra estadísticamente la relación entre la distribución de los alquileres turísticos y varios procesos sociodemográficos, y su influencia en la pérdida de población.Alternate :The impact of the Covid-19 has harshly affected tourism, triggering uncertainty at the international level. In this context, the last period of the sector's boom, corresponding to the economic recovery in 2012 and the abrupt new recession in 2020, is a privileged period for examining the impacts of tourism in urban centers. This paper analyzes the relationship between sociodemographic processes and tourist rentals in the last period of the tourism boom, taking as a case study the historical centers of two Andalusian cities of a markedly tourist nature: Seville and Cadiz. The analysis is based on the sociodemographic data provided by the Census of Population and Housing and the Register of Inhabitants, along with rental information provided by different sources. The results statistically demonstrate the relationship of the distribution of tourist rentals with various sociodemographic processes and their influence on the loss of population.

17.
Journal of Risk and Financial Management ; 15(8):361, 2022.
Article in English | WHO COVID, ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023846

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze how Spanish small and medium-sized enterprises (hereinafter SMEs) manage risks derived from internationalization to improve performance. For this purpose, a case study was elaborated to understand the different risk management strategies used by Spanish SMEs in order to improve performance. Data were collected through sixteen semi-structured interviews. Findings suggest that although the internationalization process involves risk, SMEs, despite their size, can develop a proper risk management which leads to improve performance. Additionally, it is suggested that internationalization risks are not an impediment for SMEs to become involved in international activity, but that it is the way they manage them which makes SMEs improve their performance. Furthermore, the internationalization strategy becomes more efficient when a differentiation and innovation strategy are followed simultaneously.

18.
Perspectives of Law and Public Administration ; 11(2):252-259, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2012771

ABSTRACT

This research material aims to approach from an analytical perspective the implications that the implementation of the InvestEU Program generates at the level ofthe European Union. The Union framework rule governing this program and its implications at Member State level is Regulation (EU) 2021/523 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 March 2021 establishing the "InvestEU Program" and amending Regulation (EU) 2015/1017. Specifically, the InvestEU Program contributes to the achievement of some of the objectives proposed by the Union coordinator in terms of energy effectiveness1, in the field of investments in the infrastructure of the European Union, especially in the creation of a unique transport space, in the field of sustainable infrastructure policy, regarding funding for innovation, research and digitization. All these goals are considered essential for achieving the Union's sustainable development goals committed by the European Commission under the leadership of President Ursula von der Leyer in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The research methods used in the research are: a) the logical-concretized method by using the union framework norms as well as the internal transposition norms as a source of information and analysis;b) comparative method - in order to carry out a comparative analysis of the main financing mechanisms at Member State level.

19.
14th USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar, ATM 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2011214

ABSTRACT

The aviation system has been hugely impacted by COVID-19 but will be a critical enabler of economic recovery. There is an urgent need for models to help understand the potential infection risks posed by air travel, as well as the impact of different mitigations available to aviation stakeholders. This paper presents a modeling system to address these needs. Elements of the model are described and it is then exercised to explore the relative effectiveness of airport and aircraft cabin passenger density restrictions, air turnover rate and passenger mask utilization. The model is then extended to explore the impacts on infection risk of different ATC delay scenarios. The model can be built upon in the future to not only help in the recovery from COVID, but also to develop system robustness strategies to better prepare for future challenges. © ATM 2021. All rights reserved.

20.
International Political Science Review ; 42(3):367-382, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1993219

ABSTRACT

The Corona crisis is an unprecedented challenge for societies. Lockdowns and physical distancing orders have generated economic, social and health-related consequences in many countries. In this regard, we evaluate how information about positive economic expectations during the crisis affects citizens’ attitudes. Using a real-world survey experiment, our analyses indicate that information about a positive economic outlook and governmental support to mitigate the crisis actually promote people’s subjective feelings of disadvantage rather than reducing them. Interestingly, it seems that information about economic recovery that opens up opportunities may backfire due to increased upward comparisons and perceived competition. Structural equation analyses suggest that this relationship is mediated by critical views about democratic institutions during the crisis. Citizens lose confidence in their governments and democratic decision-makers to uphold principles of fairness after the crisis ends. Our results have important implications on how to communicate measures that aim to deal with the crisis.

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