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1.
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise ; 24(2):132-138, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040457

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to measure and construe the opinions of the parents of athletes who are actively participating in competitions in our country and who are licensed by the Turkish Fencing Federation for the 2019-2020 season, regarding the organizations to be planned and the issues to be paid attention, within the scope of the Covid-19 normalization steps. The study group comprises 410 parents in total who take place on the list of licensed athlete parents of the Turkish Fencing Federation in 2019-2020. An online data collection form was used as a data collection tool in this study, which was structured through the qualitative research method. The survey form, which was drawn up by the researcher by taking expert opinion, consisting of a total of nine questions, and devised to learn the opinions of the participants on the subject matter of the study, includes multiple-choice and open-ended question types. In this study conducted in collaboration with the Turkish Fencing Federation, the respondents answered the questionnaire online via the website of the respective federation and took part in the study voluntarily. Consent regarding the study was presented in the "Remarks'' section of the form to the participants for approval. In the analysis process of the data obtained, the data analysis program called MAXQDA Analytics Pro 2018 (Release 18.2.4) (Professional Data Analysis Software for Qualitative and Mixed Methods) was used. While closed-ended questions were summarized by indicating percentages, the content analysis method was used in the process of analyzing open-ended question and answer reports. The data obtained were visualized with the help of frequency tables and code maps. Finally, some of the opinions of the participants, which were coded, were directly conveyed by interpreting the findings obtained through the tables and code maps. For this study, an approval was received from the Ethics Committee for Non-Invasive Clinical Research of the School of Sport Sciences of Seljuk University. It was determined as a result of the study that the Covid-19 pandemic that poses impacts on the entire world affects the attitudes of parents of athletes to participate in organizations. In the activities planned to be organized, the sub-codes like attending without an audience, open-air competitions, provision of spaciousness and ventilation means in the selection of a competition hall, and risk approval notification are classified. In addition, arrangements for the priorities of the parents of athletes in the organizations to be held within the scope of the Covid-19 normalization steps of the respective federation were ensured by presenting the Turkish Fencing Federation with the report drawn up as a result of the study.

2.
Research in Sport Management and Motor Behavior ; 11(22):20-39, 2021.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1995039

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the corona virus has had a significant impact on the economic situation of sport, and professional football has not been immune to these effects. This article discusses the main effects of this crisis on professional football. To conduct this research, 32 research articles published in 2020 in the list of authoritative publications of the Ministry of Science and Google Scholar database related to the research topic were reviewed. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results of this analysis indicate 13 categories of effects of this virus in football. These effects were collected in two main categories. The first category includes the negative effects of corona on football, including the effects of corona on players, referees, the right to television broadcasting of clubs and football clubs, and the importance of fans and the impact of empty stadiums on club economies and corona financial losses on football. The next category is the positive effects of the corona virus in football, which also includes the readiness of the clubs, the positive effects of the corona virus on the referees, the environment, the low probability of harm to spectators, innovation, increasing solidarity and entrepreneurship. The study also briefly discusses the effects of the Corona virus on Iranian football.

3.
Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences ; 32(207), 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1929304

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: World condition has changed since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged and its rapid spread affected people's social and sports life. In this study, we aimed at investigating the incidence of sports injuries in Mazandaran province, Iran and the effects of COVID- 19 pandemic on frequency of sports injuries. We also studied the relationship between sports injuries and age, gender, sports specialties and severity of injury. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, information of all/injured athletes registered in Mazandaran Sport Medicine Center between 2018 and 2020 were analyzed in SPSS V23. In order to investigate the relationship between injured limb and age, gender, sports specialty, injured side, and surgery, Chi-square test was applied.

4.
Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise ; 24(1):103-108, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912287

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the anxiety of catching a new type of coranavirus (Covid-19) in professional soccer players. soccer players 188 including 42 professional soccer players from the Turkish Super League, 32 players from the TFF 1st League, 41 players from the 2nd League, and 73 players from the 3rd League were voluntarily participated in this study . Average age of the players is 25.04 +or- 4.831 years;average height of the players is 180.11 +or- 6.246 cm;average body weight of the players is 75.23 +or- 6.118 kg,;average sports age of the players is 12.82 +or- 4.256 years. In this study evaluating the anxiety of professional soccer players about catching Covid-19, the level of anxiety of soccer players about getting Covid-19 was compared according to the status of being caught and not caught, the leagues they played and their game positions. No significant difference was found in the cases of the soccer players catching or not getting Covid-19. The change between the leagues in which the players play does not make any sense. When the anxiety of catching Covid-19 was examined according to the playing positions, a statistical significance was found in the comparison of the social anxiety scores according to the positions played by the players. In conclusion, while there was no significant relationship between the soccer players catching and not getting Covid-19, and their anxiety about catching Covid-19 for the leagues they played, the anxiety levels of catching Covid-19 were statistically significant to the game positions.

5.
South African Journal of Sports Medicine ; 34(12528), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1841732

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 imposed challenges on professional sport, with restrictions leading to the delay in the completion of the South African Premier Soccer League (PSL). Creating a biologically safe environment (BSE) provided a solution enabling the 2019/2020 season to be completed. Objectives: Evaluating the impact that the BSE had on player wellness and what coping mechanisms were used in the BSE.

6.
Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi ; 6(2):521-534, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1819037

ABSTRACT

Covid-19, which first appeared in Wuhan, China, and caused the death of many people, caused the structures within the sports industry to change as well as in all industries. In this period, sports organizations try to use social media tools effectively in order to stay in touch with their fans. Purpose of this research is to analyze the post of the most followed clubs and their fans on Twitter about Covid-19 in the Turkish Football Federation Super League. The study, a total of 2,971 hashtags related to Covid-19 were analyzed. The number of posts and percentages of tweets by fans and football clubs about Covid-19 was also included in the analysis. In this way, the contents of the Twitter posts of both fans and football clubs regarding Covid-19 were determined. The netnography method was used as the working method. The hashtags performed by the fans on Twitter were analyzed by the content analysis method. According to the findings, Fenerbah..e SK and its followers have become the football club that produced the most content (80.46%) regarding the Covid-19 outbreak. Although Galatasaray SC fans have produced the most hashtags, Galatasaray SK (16.5%) has produced the least amount of content about the epidemic. As a result, in the period of the Covid-19 epidemic, while it is seen that football fans unite in a common culture by posting similar hashtags about the Covid-19 epidemic on Twitter, it is seen that football clubs post less place to content related to the epidemic less than fan groups.

7.
International Journal of Sport Finance ; 16:3, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1780447

ABSTRACT

This paper examines whether sports betting markets are semi-strong form efficient-i.e., whether new information is rapidly and completely incorporated into betting prices. The researchers use news on ghost games in the top European football leagues due to the COVID-19 pandemic as a clean arrival of new public information. Because spectators are absent during ghost games, the home advantage is reduced, and the researchers test whether this information is fully reflected in betting prices. Our results show that bookmakers and betting exchanges systematically overestimated a home team's winning probability during the first period of the ghost games, which suggests that betting markets are, at least temporally, not semi-strong form efficient. Examining different leagues, the researchers find that our main results are driven by the German Bundesliga, which was the first league to resume operations. The researchers exploit a betting strategy that yields a positive net payoff over more than one month.

8.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):72-78, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1778856

ABSTRACT

This commentary serves to provide a rapid analysis of the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on sporting mass gatherings. The focus of this commentary surrounds sporting mass gatherings and strategies to mitigate the spread of COVID-19, with a particular focus on the UEFA EURO 2020 competition. Further references to the 2020 Olympic Games, and community recreational football are made. The intention is to stimulate discussion, analysis, interest and research on what the initial impact of COVID-19 has on sport. COVID-19 could fundamentally change the way sport operates in the future and requires further analysis. We hope this commentary provides an interesting record and reference point for future research and practice of those operating in sporting organisations. Learning lesson from this crisis, must ensure sport managers and practitioners are better prepared in sport and society for similar events in the future.

9.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):162-165, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769093

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has had huge ramifications on professional football. This commentary focuses on the impact of the pandemic on the mental health of professional footballers. Specifically, footballers within the English Premier League, English Football League, FA Women's Super League and FA Women's Championship. This commentary considers a holistic approach to mental health, the environment of professional football, and the impact of career transitions and critical moments on mental health. The intention is to stimulate discussion and further research of mental health and wellbeing within professional football. This paper considers the impact of Covid-19 and makes recommendations for professional football clubs to develop a holistic mental health strategy. We recommend that professional clubs increase the level of emotional support for professional footballers, and that this should not be a temporary measure due to the pandemic. Clubs should develop a long-term strategy to encourage players to seek emotional support.

10.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):113-118, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769091

ABSTRACT

It is imperative that the English Premier League and the Football League clubs consider disabled supporters when planning for the return of fans in stadiums. While it is understandable that the English football clubs are eager to welcome fans back as soon as possible, I argue this must not be at the expense of disabled supporters. Utilising the theory of ableism, I highlight the inequitable matchday experiences of disabled football fans at the English Premier League and the Football League clubs pre-COVID-19, a situation I argue cannot be exacerbated by neglecting disabled fans as part of the return of fans to stadiums. This commentary emphasises the importance of English football clubs grasping the opportunity to positively change how disabled football fans are treated. The piece concludes by calling for sustained lobbying for inclusion, and the need for future research to focus and explicate the experiences of disabled football fans.

11.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):119-128, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769089

ABSTRACT

Our aim in this short article is to provide an analysis of the implications of reopening football stadium doors to a group that have not been at the forefront of management consideration - disabled spectators. In order to achieve this aim, we uphold a social model approach to disability to review the current spectator sport situation across English professional football and outline the problems posed for disabled fans. We then provide the context to disabled people's experiences in football fandom which have often been unsatisfactory. This context then underpins a series of implications that will arise from the reopening of stadia in England. To conclude this commentary, we provide several management recommendations that we argue should facilitate a more disability-inclusive restart for spectator sport.

12.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):102-112, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769088

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has sent a shockwave into society and sport. As result of this, sport and football resuming without spectators - fans or supporters, has brought a number of financial issues that has threatened the sustainability and future of many clubs. This commentary unpicks what has happened and some of the tensions, decision-making and consequences surrounding the return of spectators. The commentary presents the case that spectators are key to the survival of football clubs and that the United Kingdom Government must reverse their decision to not let spectators return. Now more than ever, these words hold substance, meaning and truly matter to clubs and their networked communities, "Football without fans is nothing".

13.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):166-174, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769076

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the conditions for competitive football around the globe dramatically. Several competitions and leagues have been cancelled or postponed. Players have firstly been forced to training in solitude. In a second stage, players start training in small groups with strict contact restriction and return to competitive play might occur after only few weeks of normal team training preparation. These special circumstances are likely to impact football performance and injury risk in the upcoming competitions. Thus, clubs, coaching and medical staff, as well as players are challenged on the prioritization of fitness and performance, which easily can create several "catch-22-dilemmas". The present article presents views on fitness training, physical preparation and recovery during these uncommon conditions, and how elite football players can return to the competitive field well-prepared for post-crisis football endeavours around the world. Due to the multifaceted physiological demands in elite football, the long recovery requirements after match-play and an upcoming reality with many games within a short period, elite football players, managers and clubs may face extraordinary challenges associated with return to play under the current circumstances.

14.
Managing Sport and Leisure ; 27(1/2):44-55, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769075

ABSTRACT

This commentary offers an analysis of the implications of Covid-19 on the future of elite women's football, with the intention of reflecting on and illuminating the threat and uncertainty facing the game. Topics covered include (1) organisational and economic repercussions;(2) consequences for player contracts, migration and investment;and (3) player wellbeing. These significant challenges require swift and decisive action in order to mitigate their potential effects. Recommendations are made for governing bodies, parent clubs and practitioners, in addition to possible future research directions for academics. We reflect upon what can be done during and post-pandemic to continue the momentum and growth of women's football in England, highlighting the need for football clubs to learn from previous crises by embracing innovation and entrepreneurship.

15.
European Sport Management Quarterly ; 21(3):350-373, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1769044

ABSTRACT

Research question: In this short article, the researchers explore whether highly diversified professional football clubs, from an investor perspective, are better prepared for an unpredictable global crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic than undiversified clubs. Research methods: The researchers apply event study methodology to analyze stock returns of football clubs during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
Staps: Revue Internationale des Sciences du Sport et de l'..ducation Physique ; 42(131 2021/1):5-127, 2021.
Article in English, French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1732988

ABSTRACT

This special 2021 issue on football by and for women is part of a double topicality. On the one hand, it aims to echo the unprecedented media, scientific and sporting dynamics, particularly stimulated by the 8th FIFA Women's World Cup organized in France between June 7 and July 7, 2019;on the other hand, it constitutes an inventory of the social situation of female footballers before the Covid-19 pandemic. Indeed, at the start of 2021, the time is still full of uncertainties and concerns, which contrasts sharply with the apparent success of the World Cup in that it made it possible to embody and augur progress for the feminization of sport: increase in licensees (especially in football where the bar of 200,000 licensees in France was crossed in March 2020, i.e. for the 50th anniversary of the integration of women in this federation), media coverage in full development, awareness inequalities at work in the policies of clubs and/or local authorities, etc.

17.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 41:616-627, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1727517

ABSTRACT

Individualized non-face-to-face training is common in individual and group sports, especially in those more dependent on conditional support. This paper presents a virtual group training program (PEVG) at home, mediated by Zoom application, and developed by a women's soccer team during the Covid-19 confinement. The purpose of this study has been to assess the impact of PEVG on conditional stimulation, mood, and psychosocial support. To assess its effect on the first two aspects, a wellness questionnaire was completed at the end of each session. At the end of the confinement period, support for basic psychological needs scale (NPB) was applied. The procedural results of the wellness questionnaire show medium and high values, and stability in all its items, being the mood the one that obtains higher values and less fluctuation. Likewise, there are differences in the Rating of Perceived Exertion according to the characteristics of the players' profile, specific position(defenders-attackers), and age (young-seniors). At the end of the experience, the assessment of the conditional stimulus allows us to infer that the perception of effort seems to have been influenced by the mobility limitations imposed and the duration of the confinement state, and the types of sessions used. Regarding support for NPBs, a high score is found in the dimension support for the social relationship, which, taking into account the situation of separation of the players, is related to the use of the telematics application.

18.
Soccer and Society ; 22(1/2):152-165, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1722035

ABSTRACT

The presence of spectators in sport is considered a factor that leads to home advantage (HA). The objective of this research was to analyse the difference of wins, points and goals both at home and away depending on the presence or absence of a crowd and other possible covariates such as budget or average attendance at the stadium in times post COVID. The sample is made up of eight football leagues (soccer) from Germany, Spain, Italy, England and Austria. The results show that there are no significant differences between playing with or without a crowd, except in the German and Spanish top leagues. Even so, there is a tendency in most competitions to play worse at home and better away from home when there are no spectators. These findings do not generally support the theory of social facilitation;so it is concluded that there must be other factors that explain HA.

19.
Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics ; 24(12):2246-2261, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1655917

ABSTRACT

An essential requirement of sport, and especially elite professional sport, are umpires, judges, referees, and other adjudicators of the rules of the games. Yet studies of match officials, in the social sciences especially, have only relatively recently begun to gain traction. This article traces the challenges and opportunities association football match officials (referees and assistant referees) in the Asian Football Confederation (AFC) faced in response to the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 and early 2021. It provides an overview of the strategies and actions that the AFC took, primarily drawing on analysis of ethnographic observations, documentary evidence and notes from the research diary of an AFC elite referee with the Chinese Taipei Football Association (CTFA). The article identifies key aspects of pandemic-related developments and indicates how these may have altered future processes of training and development of referees in the AFC for good. The article thus offers a distinctive contribution to the development of referee studies focussing as it does on the experiences of match officials outside of Europe.

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