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1.
Environ Res ; 214(Pt 2): 113931, 2022 Jul 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1965612

ABSTRACT

In this editorial piece, the Editors of the Virtual Special Issue (VSI) "The environment, epidemics, and human health" comment on the papers accepted for publication, which were selected after peer-reviewing among all those manuscripts submitted to the Special Issue. In view of the title of the VSI, it is clear that its aim goes beyond the COVID-19 pandemic, trying to explore relations among environmental aspects, any kind of epidemics, and human health. However, COVID-19 is still hitting as a global and current main issue, causing that manuscripts dealing with this disease and the SARS-CoV-2 virus are of high relevance in the whole set of research papers published.

2.
International Journal of Social Inquiry ; 15(1):33, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1965158

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 küresel salgını, dünyanın farklı yerlerinden olan insanların krizlerden çeşitli biçimlerde etkilendiğine yönelik önemli bir kesit oluşturmaktadır. Salgının küresel eşitsizlikleri gün yüzüne çıkarıcı, derinleştirici ve yenilerini yaratan yönü dikkat çekmektedir. Belirli risklerle yüz yüze gelme ve başa çıkabilecek imkanlara sahip olma bakımından bazı kişilerin o risklere daha açık olduğu görünmektedir. Salgın döneminde küresel istihdam kayıplarının geçici ve yarı zamanlı çalışanlara etkisi, sağlık ve iş güvencesine sahip olma konuları birincil olarak öne çıkmaktadır. Çalışmak zorunda kalınan sektörler, eğitim düzeyi ve kazancı daha yüksek olan kişilerin iş faaliyetlerini evlerinden yapabilmeleri, evlerinde çocuklarını eğitecek yerlerinin olması, uzaktan eğitim imkanlarına sahip olma başlıkları bunları izleyen eşitsizliklerden yalnızca bazılarıdır. Salgın dönemi tedbirlerinden karantina altında kalma, ev içi ve dışı olmak üzere mekânsal eşitsizlikler yine küresel eşitsizliklerin bir parçasıdır. Küresel ekonomik faaliyetler sonucu ortaya çıkan bölüşüm adaletsizliklerinin, çeşitli eşitsizlikleri nasıl ve ne biçimde yeniden ürettiği salgın döneminde daha fazla dikkat çekmekte, adaletin uluslararası boyutu sorgulanmaktadır. Adaletin küresel yükümlülüklerine vurgu yapan kozmopolitan eşitlikçiler, zenginlik ve kaynakların bölüşümünde John Rawls'ın iki adalet ilkesinin uluslararası boyutta uygulanabileceği iddiasındadırlar. Bu noktadan hareketle çalışmamızda COVID-19 salgınının küresel eşitsizlikler üzerindeki etkilerini, salgın dönemi yardım uygulamalarını kozmopolitan eşitlikçilik bağlamında ele almaya çalışacağız.Alternate :The COVID-19 global epidemic constitutes an important cross-section that people from different parts of the world are affected by the crises in various ways. In the face of a certain risk, it seems that some people are more open to those risks in terms of confronting them and having opportunities to cope. The aspect of the epidemic that brings global inequalities to light, deepens and creates new ones draws attention. During the epidemic, the effects of global employment losses on temporary and part-time workers, health and employment insurance are the primary issues. Sectors where people have to work, people with higher education and income levels, being able to carry out their business activities from their homes, having a place to educate their children at home, and having distance education opportunities are just some of the following inequalities. Spatial inequalities, including quarantine, indoor and outdoor inequalities, are also a part of global inequalities. How and in what way the distributional injustices resulting from global economic activities reproduce various inequalities draw more attention during the epidemic period, and the international dimension of justice is questioned. Emphasizing the global obligations of justice, cosmopolitan egalitarians claim that John Rawls' two principles of justice can be applied internationally in the distribution of wealth and resources. From this point of view, in our study, we will try to deal with the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on global inequalities and the aid practices during the epidemic in the context of cosmopolitan egalitarianism.

3.
Salmand: Iranian Journal of Ageing ; 16(1):112-127, 2021.
Article in Persian | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1965086

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis and health outcomes are among the major human social events of the 21st century. The unknown nature of the disease and the fear of contagion have caused emotional reactions, including the self-consumption of drugs in the elderly. Therefore, this study investigated factors affecting the self-consumption of drugs for COVID-19 prevention in the elderly. Methods & Materials: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was performed on 342 elderly in Sabzevar City, Iran, in 2020. The research units were selected as clusters from 16 health centers. The necessary data were collected by an online self-medication questionnaire. Data analysis was performed in SPSS. Results: The Mean+/-SD age of the study participants was 66.2+/-5.67 years. The frequency of self-medication to prevent COVID-19 was 190(55.5%);analgesics, vitamins, anti-cold, and antibiotics were the most common drugs used. The major factors associated with self-medication in the COVID-19 pandemic were disease prevention, home quarantine, financial problems, experiencing previous self-medication, and others' advice. There was a significant relationship between self-medication and education and insurance coverage. No significant relationship was observed between gender, occupation, and marital status, and self-medication. Conclusion: Self-Medication in the COVID-19 epidemic is notable as a crisis threatening the elderly's health. Controlling and monitoring how the drug is used is among the requirements for protection and health promotion in the elderly. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

4.
International Journal on Electrical Engineering and Informatics ; 14(2):344-357, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964796

ABSTRACT

The emergence of the COVID-19 virus in the world and Indonesia since March 2020 has made it difficult for all elements of society. At the same time, there is one alternative solution to provide an overview to the public and the government so that they can take further action in dealing with the pandemic, that is by modeling the spread of COVID-19. One of the known disease modeling is SIR model, which is a model that divides individuals into certain groups/compartments. The SIR model and one of its derivatives, namely SIR-D, was developed to analyze and simulate several scenarios of the spread of a pandemic. There are 3 simulation scenarios made, namely a scenario without vaccination, a scenario with vaccination, and a scenario with vaccination without being accompanied by strict health protocols. The simulations of the models show that the vaccination process has an impact on reducing the spread of COVID-19, although it is less significant due to the vaccination process that is not optimal and comprehensive. Meanwhile, if the vaccination process is not carried out according to health protocols, then the spread of the pandemic will increase rapidly and form a second wave in Indonesia. This indicates that the vaccination process cannot be underestimated, and the public must continue to keep following health protocol. In general, it can be concluded that the epidemiological model used can provide an overview of the COVID-19's spread simulation with accuracy level MAPE, 0.41198 for the SIR model and 0.01712 for the SIR-D model.

5.
Webology ; 19(1):2621-2641, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964727

ABSTRACT

The relevance of digital technology to fight isolation, distribute preventive measures and assist economic systems began to build as early as the installation of the first health measures for covid 19. This study's goal is to analyze Latin America's ability to fulfill this challenge. The following are the conclusions: Latin America's digital ecosystem is at an intermediate degree of development, allowing it to somewhat alleviate the consequences of the epidemic. Also, the rural/urban contrast shows a significant amount of digital marginalization. The digital divide prevents key segments of the population from receiving health information, downloading instructional resources to improve school performance, or purchasing things online. The digital gap is compounded by the fact that most Latin American homes only use the internet for communication and social networking. A home digital resilience index (calculated on the use of the Internet to download health apps, educational apps, perform e-commerce operations and use fintech). It also suggests a lack of technology adoption, but rather a lack of technological integration in manufacturing processes, notably supply networks. The share of the workforce that can telework adds to the labor market disruption in COVID-19.

6.
Journal of Geodesy and Geoinformation Science ; 5(2):38-48, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964617

ABSTRACT

In response to the COVID-19, social media big data has played an important role in epidemic warning, tracking the source of infection, and public opinion monitoring, providing strong technical support for China’s epidemic prevention and control work. The paper used Sina Weibo posts related to COVID-19 hashtags as the data source, and built a BERT-CNN deep learning model to perform fine-grained and high-precision topic classificationon massive social media posts. Taking Shenzhen as a region of interest, we mined the “epidemic data bulletin” and “daily life impact” posts during the epidemic for spatial analysis. The results show that the confirmed communities and designated hospitals in Shenzhen as a whole present the characteristics of “sparse east and dense west”, and there is a strong positive spatial correlation between the number of confirmed cases and social media response. Specifically, Nanshan District, Futian District and Luohu District have more confirmed cases due to large population movements and dense transportation networks, and social media has responded more violently, and people’s lives have been greatly affected. However, Yantian District, Pingshan District and Dapeng New District showed opposite characteristics. The case study results further show that using deep learning methods to mine text information in social media is scientifically feasible for improving situational awareness and decision support during the COVID-19.

7.
Taiwan Gong Gong Wei Sheng Za Zhi ; 41(3):276-285, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964513

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has affected lifestyles and health worldwide, forcing countries to adopt different levels of epidemic prevention. In addition to restricting outdoor activities, some governments have suspended in-person classes, switching to online learning. Multiple scholars have conducted studies confirming that the prevalence of myopia among school children has worsened due to the implementation of pandemic restrictions. Since May 2020, the Taiwanese government has suspended all in-person classes, club activities, after-school tutoring, and parenting classes at schools, further escalating health experts' concerns about myopia. A literature review suggests that since the beginning of the pandemic, the prevalence of myopia increased considerably among school children, as they spent less than 1 hour in outdoor activities and at least 1 hour in online classes per day, often relying on mobile phones to complete coursework. Children also spent substantially more time engaged in close visual work and other screenrelated activities. During the pandemic, annual growth of diopter and axial length in school children were approximately >0.5-0.98 D and >0.2 mm, respectively. However, neither foreign nor domestic studies have proposed specific strategies for myopia prevention in the postpandemic era. Therefore, based on the literature review, this study proposes the following solutions: (1) strengthen life skills of children and parents in limiting close visual work;(2) assist teachers in adapting curriculum for online learning;(3) implement guidelines for the use and management of 3C products;and (4) introduce technological monitoring and tracking products. These 4 responses may prevent eyesight deterioration in school children due to pandemic restrictions. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2022;41(3):276-285)

8.
Taiwan Gong Gong Wei Sheng Za Zhi ; 41(3):301-311, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964512

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The severity of the COVID-19 epidemic in 2021 in Taiwan doubled the workload of first-line acute- and critical-care nurses and increased their risk of infection. This study explored such nurses' work and personal lives to help hospitals develop auxiliary measures. Methods: This qualitative study interviewed fifteen nurses working in acute- and critical-care units. Results: Three themes were regarding the meaning of the nurses' work during the pandemic were identified: (a) keeping life stable, (b) fulfilling duties, and (c) recognizing self-worth. Four themes regarding the meaning of the nurses' personal lives were identified: (a) caring for families, (b) the impermanence of life and death, (c) doing good, and (d) seizing the day. Conclusions: During the pandemic, the nurses faced challenges at with a positive attitude, which helped them find meaning in their lives. In the limited life course, he left behind a great historical track of defending the health of the Chinese people. This study provides insight into the professional and personal lives of nurses in acute- and critical-care units during the pandemic in Taiwan, and the findings can help policymakers plan for future pandemics. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2022;41(3):301-311)

9.
Disease Surveillance ; 37(3):315-319, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-1964144

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze a nosocomial infection event in a designated hospital of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Shandong province retrospectively from the perspective of disease control and provide evidence to prevent the incidence of similar event.

10.
Biology ; 11(7):1018, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1963700

ABSTRACT

Simple SummaryPorcine epidemic diarrhea virus infection is an important acute diarrheal disease of swine especially in infected piglets can caused severe diarrhea, dehydration with difficulty in digesting milk curd, leading to death. The diagnosis of this viral infection is essential for monitoring and managing the disease. There is surprisingly little evidence such as easy rapid detection in the field. In this study, we developed rapid the reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification couple nucleic acid lateral flow for Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus detection targeted the membrane gene in the genome sequence of the virus. Herein, the results shown that the established assay is simple and rapid, increases high sensitivity and specificity, and can be applied in the field.Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) infection is an important acute diarrheal disease of swine that results in economic and industrial losses worldwide. The clinical manifestations in infected piglets are severe diarrhea, dehydration with milk curd indigestion, leading to death. The diagnosis of PEDV is essential for monitoring and managing the disease. PEDV can be detected and identified by serology and the nucleic acid of the virus in clinical samples. Therefore, a novel isothermal amplification and detection technique, reverse transcription-recombinase polymerase amplification couple nucleic acid lateral flow (RT-RPA-NALF) was developed for the rapid detection of PEDV. Qualitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was established as the gold standard assay to compare results. Specific primer pairs and probes were designed, and RT-RPA conditions were optimized to amplify the M gene of PEDV. The established RT-RPA-NALF assay could finish in 25 min at a temperature of 42 °C and the amplicon interpreted by visual detection. The developed RT-RPA-NALF assay was specific to the M gene of PEDV, did not detect other common swine diarrhea pathogens, and showed minimal detection at 102 TCID50/mL PEDV. The RT-RPA-NALF assay can detect PEDV in 5 simulated fecal samples. Furthermore, in 60 clinical fecal samples, the results of RT-RPA-NALF correlated with RT-qPCR assay, which provides sensitivity of 95.65% and specificity of 100%, with a coincident rate of 98.33%. The rapid RT-RPA-NALF is simple and rapid, increases high sensitivity, and can be used in the field.

11.
Atmosphere ; 13(7):1104, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1963694

ABSTRACT

Antibacterial filtration materials have been used effectively to control biological pollutants and purify indoor air. This study aimed to assess the antibacterial capability of three fiber filter materials treated with triclosan: glass fiber (GF), non-woven fabric (NF) and chemical fiber (CF). Triclosan was loaded onto the filtration materials by the impregnation method. The triclosan-treated filter materials exhibited antibacterial zones obviously: the average antibacterial bands against E. coli were 11.8 mm (GF), 13.3 mm (NF) and 10.5 mm (CF);against S. albus, they were 25.5 mm (GF), 21.0 mm (NF) and 23.5 mm (CF). The percent reductions of bacteria for the antibacterial air fiber materials treated with triclosan against E. coli were 71.4% (CF) and 62.6% (GF), while the percent reductions against S. albus were 61.3% (NF) and 84.6% (CF). These findings could help to reduce the transmission and threat of epidemic and purify the environment through the use of environmentally friendly antibacterial filter fibers.

12.
Journal of Risk Finance ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1961346

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the response of Travel & Leisure (T&L) stocks of some advanced economies (the USA and United Kingdom) as well as Europe to uncertainty due to pandemics and epidemics. The motivation for the study is derived from the expectation that pandemics and epidemics which are infectious would limit activities and events that require physical interactions such as those associated with T&L, and therefore, returns on related investments may decline during this period. Design/methodology/approach: The authors formulate a model in line with Westerlund and Narayan (2012, 2015) where uncertainty due to infectious diseases is included as a predictor in the valuation of T&L stocks while also controlling for endogeneity bias (for omitted variables bias), conditional heteroscedasticity effect (typical of high frequency data) and persistence (typical of most financial and economic time series). Findings: The authors’ results suggest that contrary to the negative impact of previous cases of pandemics and epidemics on the T&L stocks, the behavior of these stocks during COVID-19 pandemic is modest owing to the positive nexus between equity market volatility due to infectious diseases (EMV-ID) (our proxy for pandemics and epidemics) and the T&L returns during the COVID-19 period. The authors maintain that investors in this market need not panic as the market tends to be resilient to pandemics over time albeit with a lower resilience during daily trading. The results leading to this conclusion are robust to alternative measures of the COVID-19 pandemic. Originality/value: The peculiarity of this paper on T&L stocks is premised on the introduction of the new datasets for infectious diseases, and the need to include the COVID-19 pandemic given its peculiarity. Essentially, we utilize the Baker et al. (2020) dataset which captures all the pandemics including COVID-19 and a complementary dataset on the COVID-19 pandemic using an alternative approach. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

13.
International Journal of Social Psychology ; 37(2):412-432, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1960667

ABSTRACT

Based on a taxonomy of collective fears, the objective of the study (N = 1,144) was to analyse how the original reasons attributed to an object of fear play a role in collective angst and to study how these attributions are linked to differentiated social representations of the object. The results show that the underlying reasons (human vs. non-human;intentional vs. unintentional) organize the socio-representational field of the coronavirus. Moreover, the fact of considering the viral epidemic as reversible (vs. irreversible) also plays a role in the socio-representational universe of individuals. Finally, we observe that the attribution of a human origin to the virus is linked to greater collective angst than an attribution to a natural origin. These first results show that it is important to focus on the attribution of the origin of objects of fear in order to understand its consequences in terms of social representations and collective angst. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) En base a una taxonomia de miedos colectivos, el objetivo del estudio (N = 1,144) fue analizar de que forma las razones originales atribuidas a un objeto de miedo desempenan un rol en la angustia colectiva, y estudiar como estas atribuciones se vinculan con representaciones sociales diferenciadas del objeto. Los resultados muestran que las razones subyacentes (humanas frente a no humanos;intencionadas frente a no intencionadas) organizan el campo socio-representacional del coronavirus. Ademas, el hecho de considerar que la epidemia viral es reversible (frente a irreversible) tambien desempena un rol en el universo socio-representacional de los individuos. Finalmente, observamos que la atribucion de un origen humano al virus humano esta vinculada con una mayor angustia colectiva que una atribucion a un origen natural. Estos primeros resultados muestran que es importante centrarse en la atribucion del origen de los objetos de miedo, con el fin de comprender sus consecuencias en terminos de representaciones sociales y angustia colectiva. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

14.
The International and Comparative Law Quarterly ; 71(3):743-760, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1960173

ABSTRACT

Under the International Health Regulations (IHR), States must consider decision-making criteria in applying travel restrictions during a public health emergency of international concern. Interpretation on the legal parameters of such restrictions varies widely. This article considers whether and how the permissibility of travel restrictions under the IHR may have changed given recent developments, including evolving scientific evidence about their efficacy and shifting World Health Organization (WHO) advice. It is argued that such determinations must conform to the principles of necessity and proportionality as articulated by the IHR, and must also be accompanied by the correlative IHR duties of collaboration and assistance rooted substantively in global solidarity.

15.
Qual Quant ; : 1-16, 2021 Aug 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1959064

ABSTRACT

We assess the hedging capabilities of four prominent precious metals namely gold, palladium, platinum and silver against market risks due to epidemics and pandemics. The research objective is informed by the COVID-19 pandemic which amplifies health risks with attendant concerns for financial markets. We utilize the health-related uncertainty index developed by Baker et al. (Equity market volatility: infectious disease tracker [INFECTDISEMVTRACK], 2020) which measures uncertainty in the financial markets due to infectious diseases including the COVID-19 pandemic and construct a predictive model that accommodates the salient features of both the predictand and predictor series. Our results support the safe haven property only for gold before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. We push the analysis further for in-sample and out-of-sample forecast evaluation and find that accounting for uncertainty due to infectious diseases improves the forecast of the four precious metals relative to the benchmark model (historical average). We highlight for investors that the gold market remains the safest market among the precious metals particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
View ; 3(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958862

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19, caused by SARS‐Cov‐2) is a big challenge for global health systems and the economy. Rapid and accurate tests are crucial at early stages of this pandemic. Reverse transcription‐quantitative real‐time polymerase chain reaction is the current gold standard method for detection of SARS‐Cov‐2. It is impractical and costly to test individuals in large‐scale population screens, especially in low‐ and middle‐income countries due to their shortage of nucleic acid testing reagents and skilled staff. Accordingly, sample pooling, such as for blood screening for syphilis, is now widely applied to COVID‐19. In this paper, we survey and review several different pooled‐sample testing strategies, based on their group size, prevalence, testing number, and sensitivity, and we discuss their efficiency in terms of reducing cost and saving time while ensuring sensitivity.

17.
Issues in Science and Technology ; 38(4):39-44, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958458

ABSTRACT

Decades before the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated how rapidly infectious diseases could emerge and spread, the world faced the AIDS epidemic. Initial efforts to halt the contagion were slow as researchers focused on understanding the epidemiology of the virus. It was only by integrating epidemiological theory with behavioral theory that successful interventions began to control the spread of HIV. As the current pandemic persists, it is clear that similar applications of interdisciplinary theory are needed to inform decisions, interventions, and policy. Continued infections and the emergence of new variants are the result of complex interactions among evolution, human behavior, and shifting policies across space and over time. Due to this complexity, predictions about the pandemic based on data and statistical models alone--in the absence of any broader conceptual framework--have proven inadequate. Classical epidemiological theory has helped, but alone it has also led to limited success in anticipating surges in COVID-19 infections. Integrating evolutionary theory with data and other theories has revealed more about how and under what conditions new variants arise, improving such predictions.

18.
Webology ; 19(2):7578-7585, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958335

ABSTRACT

Family is a fundamental unit of every society and plays a vital role in providing strong and happy environment, guidance, protection of children and fostering harmonious social development. The outbreak of COVID-19 has severely affected the families nationally and globally by disrupting their routines and recreational activities. The current study aims to highlight the impacts of COVID-19 outbreak on family life such as: family resilience, patient to face the harsh circumstances, close family bonds, cooperation and share in housework with family members. One of the major positive impacts of COVID-19 is an increase of interaction between family members by spending more times with each other. Moreover, families got more opportunity to spend time with their children, educate them at home, and arrange more indoor activities for them that help them to improve their skills. The paper concludes that besides the negative impacts, COVID 19 has many positive and beneficial changes in family life such as, getting more opportunity to spend time with family members and children, work-family balance, the ability to work from home and peace of life in general. This paper will be helpful in highlighting and recognizing the importance of the family during the pandemic COVID 19.

19.
Webology ; 19(2):3113-3134, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958246

ABSTRACT

COVID 19 coronavirus is one of the most contagious diseases in the history of the world. Therefore, this study was conducted to tackle the concern of creating preventive behavior among the public. The current study attempted to propose a hypothetical structural equation model to examine the connection among social networking sites, risk perception, protective measures, self-efficacy, and preventive behavior. The current empirical research was held in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The researcher used internet source to collect questionnaires. The study results specified that social networking sites and control variables have no positive significant and direct association with preventive behavior. The study found that social networking sites effect indirectly on preventive behavior through risk perception, protective measures, and self-efficacy. Risk perception, protective measures, and self-efficacy have an optimistic significant and direct relation with preventive behavior. The conceptual framework provides valuable data for practitioners and policymakers to boost preventive behavior by implementing suitable, recommended precautions by using social networking sites.

20.
Webology ; 19(2):8957-8980, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958091

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as a global health emergency. It poses a serious challenge to healthcare professionals since they provide healthcare facilities to affected population in extremely stressful circumstances, which may affect their psychological wellbeing. Keeping this in mind, this study was conducted to understand the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare professionals. Following PRISMA protocol, all research papers published between January 2020 and May 2020 were searched in databases like, e.g., Pub-Med, Science Direct and Google-Scholar databases. After screening through proper inclusion criteria, only 26 studies were finally selected for detailed analysis. Results revealed that healthcare professionals suffered from a variety of psychological disorders, particularly from depression, anxiety, and sleep problems. There were also different predisposing factors that have increased the risk of such adverse psychological symptoms among healthcare professionals. And to deal with such symptoms, the healthcare professionals had adopted different coping strategies. The review concludes that COVID-19 pandemic has a severe impact on the psychological well-being of healthcare professionals, therefore, a broad range of interventions are required for mitigating adverse psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic among healthcare professionals.

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