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1.
Global Media Journal ; 20(53):1-5, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2157017

ABSTRACT

[...]in this background, the present study aimed to explore the farmers' subjects covered in Kannada significant dailies, the presentation of the problems and which newspaper emphasizes more farmers' issues. In India, 50 per cent of working labourers are involved in agricultural activities, and 68 per cent of household income is dependent on agriculture. Because of COVID-19, they are suffering from marketing their product and earning money for livelihood [1]. Even though various programmers such as renting agricultural equipment, Kisan call centers to guide the farmers, PM Kisan Maan Dhan Yojana, etc., farmers struggle to get seeds and fertilizers quickly. Since its beginning, newspapers have played a vital role in drawing public and administration attention to many social issues. Many people lost their jobs and returned to their villages to lead safe lives. Because of the inverse migration, villages get infected, and COVID-19 started spreading among village communities.

2.
EUREKA: Physics and Engineering ; - (6):33-44, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2145960

ABSTRACT

Construction delay in projects is a common manifestation in the construction industry. Delay in construction will lead to a bad relationship between the parties involved and will also lead to an increase in the allocated completion time. Delay in the ongoing project might result in the loss of the money, time and other facilities by the client and cause a lot of financial damage to the contractor due to its investment in the purchase of equipment, construction materials and the hire of skilled workers. Delay in construction is a common problem that occurs mostly due to the unforeseen problems during the design & construction stages which often lead to delays in the completion of the project. Oman’s construction industry is one of the most important industries for the country’s economic development and growth. In this study, analysis of some available literature was conducted, and a questionnaire survey was floated among contractors, consultants, clients, project managers, and engineers involved in construction projects. All the collected responses were evaluated by using SPSS. The results of the study identified a total of 60 causes of delay out of which three factors have a “High” significance level for construction delays. These factors of “High” significance were associated with “Client related issues only” in which the initial design was altered by the client, delaying in deciding by the client and, scope change by the client. Majority of the delay (84 %) was observed to be lying in the range of 1‑2 years. This study also recognized the effect and minimization of regular delay and delay resulted due to Covid-19. Minimizing construction delay criteria can be managed by having a proper control system in the project time and funds

3.
ASHRAE Journal ; 64(11):8, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2112088

ABSTRACT

Because of the impact that COVID-19 is having on conferences, please check the conference's website for the most up-to-date information. DECEMBER HARDI Annual Conference, Dec, 3-6, Houston, Contact Heating Air-conditioning & Refrigeration Distributors International at 888-253-2128, hardimail@hardinet.org or https://hardinet.org/events Buildings XV Conference, Dec, 5-8, Clearwater Beach, Fla, Contact ASHRAE at 800-527-4723, meetings@ashrae.org or www.ashrae.org/buildingsxv International Conference on Building Ventilation and Air Conditioning, Dec. 9-10, New York, N.Y. Contact organizers at https://tinyurl.com/ICBVAC22 2023 JANUARY ABMA Annual Meeting, Jan. 13-16, Carlsbad, Calif. Contact the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy at 202-507-4000 or www.aceee.org/2023-hot-water-forum IIAR Natural Refrigeration Conference & Heavy Equipment Expo, March 12-15, Long Beach, Calif.

4.
Energies ; 15(19):7351, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2065782

ABSTRACT

The production of municipal waste is increasing all over the world. Although a significant part of the waste is collected as commingled waste, much of it is recyclable if disposed of properly. Thus, separate deposition and collection plays an extremely important role today, more than ever, not only in terms of preventing pollution but also from the point of view of recycling as a driver of circular economy and of efficient use of resources. This work is focused on the development of compaction equipment to be applied to containers, which allows a more efficient approach to the process of collecting waste for recycling. As a management option, recycling depends on collective behavior which is based on individual acts. Therefore, individual use of plastic/metal compaction systems can help meet recycling targets, even as a complement to conventional bins. Thus, herein a proposal is presented for a plastic/metal collection station with a built-in compaction element that allows for the compacting of the separated waste, individually, in an easily accessible drawer. Sorting and compacting waste before collection will result in a reduction of the number of collection/transport stops, which will also translate into higher energy efficiency, cost savings, optimization of the transported tons/km ratio, and profitability.

5.
Sigurnost ; 64(3):283-295, 2022.
Article in Serbian, Croatian | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045380

ABSTRACT

Cilj istraživanja je prikazati prednosti i nedostatke rada od kuće te njegova utjecaja na psihičko i fizičko zdravije zaposlenika kako bi se razvile preporuke koje bi pridonosile očuvanju zdravija zaposlenika te pomogle poslodavcu da poduzme mjere koje su u njegovom području, a koje se mogu provoditi s ciljem očuvanja zdravija zaposlenika kao i njegova zadovoljstva radom. U istraživanju je sudjelovalo 63 ispitanika;22 muškarca i 41 žena, radno aktivnih. Korišten je anketni upitnik sastavljen od 30 pitanja. U upitniku su praćene varijable koje opisuju opće podatke o zaposlenicima: veličinu i tip tvrtke zaposlenika, organizaciju radnog mjesta, opremu za rad od kuće i financiranju iste, zakonsku regulativu o radu od kuće, psihološke posljedice rada od kuće, prednosti i nedostatke rada od kuće, pojavnosti bolnih sindroma pri radu od kuće, promjene funkcija i navika pri radu od kuće te opće zadovoljstvo radom od kuće. Rezultati su pokazali da su fleksibilnost i mogućnost uskladivanja privatnog i poslovnog života jedna od prednosti rada od kuće, a nedovoljno socijalnih kontakata i otežana komunikacija s kolegama na poslu, ometanje ukućana u radu, za sada još uvijek nedovoljna stimulacija tvrtki te zastarjelost zakonske regulative;nedostatci rada od kuće. Prednosti i nedostatke ovog rada autori su koristili kao preporuke za zaposlenike i poslodavce pri radu od kuće. Stoga rad od kuće u budućnosti neće biti samo bijeg od pandemije korona virusa, već i produktivan način rada koji će zaposlenicima i poslodavcima uštedjeti vrijeme putovanja na mjesto rada, smanjiti broj ozljeda na radu, smanjiti stres i negativne posljedice rada te unaprijediti sadašnje mogućnosti rada mnogih tvrtki.Alternate :The aim of the research is to show the advantages and disadvantages of working from home and its impact on the mental and physical health of employees in order to develop recommendations that would contribute to preserving the health of employees and help the employer to take measures in its domain that can be implemented to preserve health of the employee and his job satisfaction. The study involved 63 respondents, 22 men and 41 women, working. We used a survey questionnaire composed of 30 questions. In the questionnaire, we followed the variables that describe: general information about employees: size and type of employee company, workplace organization, equipment for work from home and its financing, legislation on work from home, psychological consequences of work from home, advantages and disadvantages of at home, the incidence of painful syndromes at work from home, changes in functions and habits at work from home and general satisfaction with working from home. The results showed that flexibility and the possibility of reconciling private and business life are one of the advantages of working from home, and insufficient social contacts and difficult communication with colleagues at work, disruption of family members, insufficient stimulation of companies and obsolescence of labor regulations from home. We used the advantages and disadvantages of this work as recommendations for employees and employers when working from home. Therefore, we hope that working from home in the future will not only be an escape from the coronavirus pandemic but also a productive way of working that will save employees and employers time to travel to work, reduce injuries at work, reduce stress and negative consequences and improve current opportunities work of many companies.

6.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10862, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024206

ABSTRACT

The waste generated by small-scale ultra-fresh juice producers, such as bistros and restaurants, has been little studied so far, mainly because it is unevenly distributed and dissipated in the economic ecosystem and would require high costs associated with transportation and subsequent recovery of bio composites. The present article seeks to offer solutions by providing sustainable methods to reduce their waste losses to a minimum and transform them into valuable products, with affordable equipment and techniques. The study focuses on the preliminary phase of quantitative analysis of fruit and vegetable by-products generated on a small scale, the results showing a mean 55% productivity in fresh juices. Due to the high amount of remnant water content in waste, a new process of mechanically pressing the resulting squeezed pulp was introduced, generating an additional yield in juice, ranging from 3.98 to 51.4%. Due to the rising trend in healthier lifestyle, the by-products were frozen or airdried for conservation in each of the processing stages, and the total phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity were analyzed in order to assess the traceability of these bioactive compounds to help maximize their transfer into future final products. The polyphenols transferred into by-products varied between 7 and 23% in pulps and between 6 and 20% in flours. The highest DPPH potential was found in flours, up to three-fold in comparison with the raw material, but the high dry substance content must be accounted for. The results highlight the potential of reusing the processing waste as a reliable source of bioactive compounds.

7.
Energies ; 15(16):6014, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023307

ABSTRACT

Solar and wind power systems have been prime solutions to the challenges centered on reliable power supply, sustainability, and energy costs for several years. However, there are still various challenges in these renewable industries, especially regarding limited peak periods. Solar–wind hybrid technology introduced to mitigate these setbacks has significant drawbacks and suffers from low adoption rates in many geographies. Hence, it is essential to investigate the challenges faced with these technologies and analyze the viable solutions proposed. This work examined solar–wind hybrid plants’ economic and technical opportunities and challenges. In the present work, the pressing challenges solar–wind hybrids face were detailed through extensive case studies, the case study of enabling policies in India, and overproduction in Germany. Presently, the principal challenges of solar–wind hybrids are overproduction, enabling policies, and electricity storage. This review highlights specific, viable, proposed solutions to these problems. As already recorded in the literature, it was discovered that academic research in this space focuses majorly on the techno-economic and seemingly theoretical aspects of these hybrid systems. In contrast, reports and publications from original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and engineering, procurement, and construction engineers (EPCs) are more rounded, featuring real-life application and implementation.

8.
Electronics ; 11(16):2613, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023303

ABSTRACT

The present work is focused on the development of a Virtual Environment as a test system for new advanced control algorithms for an Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. The virtualized environment allows us to visualize the behavior of the UAV by including the mathematical model of it. The mathematical structure of the kinematic and dynamic models is represented in a matrix form in order to be used in different control algorithms proposals. For the dynamic model, the constants are obtained experimentally, using a DJI Matrice 600 Pro UAV. All of this is conducted with the purpose of using the virtualized environment in educational processes in which, due to the excessive cost of the materials, it is not possible to acquire physical equipment;moreover, is it desired to avoid damaging them. Finally, the stability and robustness of the proposed controllers are determined to ensure analytically the compliance with the control criteria and its correct operation.

9.
IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science ; 1069(1):011001, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2017615

ABSTRACT

Dear Authors and (Online) Participants of MMTES-IV, International Scientific Conference «Mathematical Modeling of Technical and Economic Systems in Agriculture (MMTES-IV)» was successfully held online on November 17-19, 2021 at the Department of Mathematical Modeling and Computer Science (location of organizers - Volgograd, Agricultural University, Russian Federation). Due to COVID-2019 and the pandemic-related nationwide lockdowns and other coordinated restrictive measures, the organizers decided to hold a conference in a virtual format with the organization of access for all participants to the presented reports with comprehensive discussion for ensuring the event at a high scientific level.The safety and well-being of all conference participants is our priority. The COVID-19 is unpredictable, so conference postponement met uncertainty, while many scholars and researchers want to attend this long-waited conference and have academic exchanges with their peers. But we want to note that there are no barriers to science, and we continue to work on our research areas remotely, using modern technical means. The conference was held virtually for 2 days (November 17-19, 2021) including keynote and invited speeches, authors’ presentation session. The event was held online using Zoom communication platform for synchronous conversation. The conference was organized as a large-scale online meeting of participants in topical sessions with the opportunity for speakers to provide regulated demonstrations of slides and video files according to the approved technical program. Each speaker had 15 min presentation and 5 min Q&A session. There were always 20-25 participants in the network. During the online presentation, participants discussed more than 50 questions on the problems of modeling technical and economic systems in the agro-industrial complex. Participants of the conference were from the leading institutions of Russian Federation, China, Turkey, France, Uzbekistan, Germany, Republic of Belarus (Instituto Politécnico Nacional, St. Petersburg Federal Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Matrosov Institute for Systems Dynamics and Control Theory of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Far Eastern Federal University, Southwest State University, Belgorod National Research University, Federal Research Center «Computer Science and Control», Russian Academy of Sciences, Namangan Engineering and Technology Institute, Technical University Of Munich, All-Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture, Belarusian State Agrarian Technical University, Volgograd State Technical University and others), dealing with problems of using artificial intelligence and digital technologies in technical systems. The outstanding performance of all the presenters made this conference truly spectacular. Main topics of the conference were:1. Mathematical modeling of socio-technical and organizational-economic systems.2. Modeling of natural-technical and agro-ecological processes.3. Artificial intelligence and neural network technologies in agricultural production.4. Modeling of innovative and technological processes in agricultural engineering.5. Modeling of reclamation and environmental technologies in agricultural production.6. Resource and technological support for the production of agricultural products.7. Seed production, plant breeding and biotechnology.8. Innovative technologies in solving economic problems in the agro-industrial complex.9. Modern electrical technologies, electrical equipment and power supply in rural areas.List of Committee is available in this Pdf.

10.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1999359

ABSTRACT

Speed read TB may have claimed more than half a million extra lives in 2020 – WHO Progress on TB ‘set back a decade’ with resources redirected to COVID-19 Tackling TB and COVID-19 in tandem could help reverse the decline, say experts More than half a million people may have died last year as a result of reductions in TB diagnosis and care, setting back progress towards ending the disease by a decade, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates. Lockdowns and reassignments of health staff and equipment have had a “severe impact” on essential TB services, according to a WHO report on the effects of the global pandemic on TB detection and mortality. “Communities, individuals and health systems are facing both these challenges, and they have to have the financial and human resources to respond.”

11.
Journal of Information Systems & Operations Management ; 16(1):60-65, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1970317

ABSTRACT

Logistics is one of the industries that has undergone strong evolution in recent years. The pandemic, the change of technological flows, the increase of production, the special evolution of e-commerce has determined the profound transformation of logistics. The world is changing, and automation is being found in more and more aspects of everyday life. Every year, specialized software programs and applications are launched, and the cost of equipment is constantly reduced, as new technologies appear. So, the role of the logistics system in the distribution activity must be analyzed in the context of the dynamism that characterizes all aspects of contemporary society.

12.
Applied Radiology ; 51(4):34-35,41, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958211

ABSTRACT

A key driver of global radiology disparities is the lack of trained professionals and a lack of formal training programs, despite the increasing availability of previously cost-prohibitive radiology equipment.1 In Africa, limited access to radiology training programs is severe at both the diagnostic radiology (DR) residency and radiology subspecialty (RS) fellowship levels. Tanzania Interventional Radiology Fellowship In 2017, an IR Readiness Assessment at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar es Salaam revealed a complete lack of trained IR personnel and disposable equipment as their two main obstacles to initiating IR service.6,7 Beginning in October 2018, through close collaboration among MNH, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), and multiple US institutions including Yale and Emory Universities under the Road2IR consortium, rotating teams of IR faculty, nurses, and technologists were deployed to MNH for hands-on teaching. The two-year fellowship programs provide ample time and structure for trainees to gain the necessary competencies in their subspecialties, compared to unstructured clinical apprenticeships or short-term observer-based models.3,11 Providing in-country training opportunities is a critical step toward addressing the severe radiology disparities in Africa.

13.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(8):1115-1119, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1957939

ABSTRACT

Sadly, Celina's experience at the US border is not uncommon, although her ultimate admission to the United States is rare indeed. Because ofthe confluence of MPP and the 2020 invocation of 42 US Code 265 (hereafter "Title 42"), an obscure public health policy last updated in 1944, more than a million expulsions of migrants and asylum seekers occurred at the US border in fiscal year 2021 alone, contrary to international law.1 POLICY BACKGROUND The policy known today as Title 42 originated in a 1944 law called the Public Health Service Act, which (among other things) granted the federal government quarantine powers and the power to prevent the introduction of disease at the border. Robert Redfield, then director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), determined that introduction into congregate settings of persons from Canada or Mexico would increase the already serious danger to the public health of the United States to the point of requiring a temporary suspension of the introduction of covered aliens into the United States.3 The same order also noted the logistical challenges of preventing the transmission ofCOVID-19 at the border: Widespread, compulsory federal quarantines or isolations of such persons pending test results are impracticable due to the numbers of persons involved, logistical challenges, and CDC resource and personnel constraints.3 Although the US government did not have access to vaccines or rapid tests in March 2020, they need not have adopted such an extreme policy to protect the public's health. Given the barriers to effective implementation of PPE [personal protective equipment] and administrative controls to prevent the spread of [COVID-19] in immigration detention centers, an evidence-based public health approach suggests . . . the release of detainees from immigration detention centers, as this strategy will reduce the likelihood of person-to-person infection and enhance the possibility of engaging in meaningful social distancing and hygienic practices as directed by the CDC.4(p112) That the US government invoked Title 42 for those coming through land borders but instituted only temporary travel bans for other international travelers and did not institute interstate travel bans underscores how unnecessary these extreme measures truly were, even in the early days of COVID-19.5 In addition to the challenges posed by the use of Title 42 to prevent the entry of asylum seekers during COVID-19, MPP-often referred to as the Remain in Mexico program- creates additional barriers for migrants seeking to enter the United States.

14.
International Journal of Environmental Impacts ; 5(2):185-196, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1933516

ABSTRACT

This paper is mainly concerned with providing a safe workplace in future pandemics which are likely to be similar to the present COVID-19 crisis. It concentrates on methods to avoid expensive future lockdowns. More advanced air conditioners are considered which exclude the effects of dangerous viruses. Such designs which have these beneficial qualities depend on adequate basic data concerning viruses. This information is vital for adequate design of engineered equipment. These requirements are also specified here. The general insufficiency of this information is also examined. the airline industry faces a particularly complicated set of problems which are treated in more extensive depth with recommendations for an acceptable new system up to 2050. Our civil airline industry is probably the most vulnerable in a future pandemic. By exploiting the nature of modern industrial development, it is recommended that the economically destructive effects of extensive lockdowns can be largely avoided in modern economies. For want of a better name (ID-LID?), the recommended system is called ID-LIP which stands for: “inherently down-lockable industrial plant”. This approach is advantageous for the wholesale side of a nation’s economy. however, because retailing is associated closely with human sociability, which viruses also exploit, improving this commercial aspect requires different remedial methods. One of these is the more extensive use of on-line retailing.

15.
Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies ; 12(3):414-424, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1922533

ABSTRACT

Purpose>When the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic seriously hit the USA, a lot of cities/states announced their lockdowns, in some cases forbidding employees to go to work. But workers in the so called “essential sectors” were exempt from the order, and on the contrary were required to remain on the job in order to maintain the services and functions considered vital to the community. If they have not been paid well in comparison to those in the other sectors, there would be a stronger case for granting them a special hazard pay during the pandemic. This paper aims to design a way to measure the “importance” or being “essential” of the different sectors in the economy, and then investigates whether the actual pay of the workers in these sectors is consistent with the measured importance.Design/methodology/approach>At least two policy issues emerged from such an arrangement: (1) How can one define the “essential sectors” objectively instead of the authorities preparing a list according to their administrative procedure? (2) How well have been the workers in the essential sectors paid before the pandemic strike? The concept of a revised Leontief forward linkage effect will be used in an input–output model to gauge the relative “importance” of the different sectors in the US economy. Then the measured importance will be compared with the average compensation of the employees in these sectors.Findings>It is found that for some sectors such as agriculture, retail trade, and repair and installation of machinery and equipment the ratio of workers' compensation relative to the national average is substantially lower than the relative importance of the sectors employing them. That is, many of them have been substantially underpaid in spite of their importance.Research limitations/implications>The scope of this study is limited to one country, the USA, but the methodology can be applied to other countries as well.Originality/value>This study is an original research that contributes to an improved understanding of the importance of the workers engaged in different sectors in the USA during COVID-19.

16.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1032(1):012029, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1922158

ABSTRACT

A pandemic like novel coronavirus 2’ (SARS-CoV-2) not only poses serious public health repercussions but also affects the socio-economic and environmental conditions of the affected countries. The increased consumption of material resources in conjunction with ‘containment and preventive measures’ is generating an unprecedented amount of potentially infectious solid waste, especially that of plastic origin, which if mismanaged, is bound to affect the ecosystem and public health, as the virus can survive on fomites for longer duration. COVID-19 related pandemic waste, such as Personal protective equipment (PPEs), sanitizer and water bottles, disinfection wipes, and Single use Plastics (SUPs) products has already found its way to the aquatic and terrestrial environment. Even before the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the management of plastic waste, an environmental stressor with trans-boundary migration capabilities, was a major environmental issue for every stake-holder.In this paper, we propose a separate domain in the waste management framework for the effective management of pandemic related solid waste. Factors and sources contributing to increased plastic waste generation are discussed in detail. A concise picture of global plastic demand through sectors and polymer types is presented and speculations are made on how COVID-19 is going to affect the plastic demand. Current solid waste handling and management practices in developed and developing countries are critically examined from the perspective of this pandemic. We identified various challenges that waste management sectors are facing currently and offered possible solutions.Concerns of transmission through fomites is bringing a change in public behavior and consumption pattern which affects 3R practices, while fear of secondary transmission from occupational infections is interfering with 3R practices at end-of-life plastic waste management. The legislative and restrictive frameworks on plastic use being currently put-on hold at the governmental level to ensure public safety are being used by the plastic industry to lobby for increased plastic consumption. The inability of the governments to win public confidence is further escalating unsustainable practices and slowing the shift towards sustainable economy. It is imperative to enforce sustainable practices without putting public safety at risk and to ensure that an unsustainable societal attitude wouldn’t be reinstated in the post-pandemic world. Lastly, eight research and policy points suggested here may guide future studies and governmental frameworks in the domain of COVID-19 pandemic related solid waste handling and management.

17.
Journal of Physics: Conference Series ; 2243(1):012075, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1901011

ABSTRACT

The application of photocatalytic oxidation (PCO) in air purifiers (AP) to remove viruses, bacteria, and toxic gases in the air is intensively being studied, especially after the Covid-19 pandemic broke out. The testing method of PCO materials for AP purposes has been standardized through ISO 22197-4 (2013). However, the standard required a set of complex, high precision, and costly equipment. The present study demonstrates a simpler and low-cost test setup without compromising any accuracy in the overall result. The proposed test consists of a test chamber and mixing chamber, and sets of equipment installed in it. A 3D printer fabricated a PCO reactor, and TiO2 was coated on the surface. Formaldehyde (HCHO) is used as a sample pollutant to be observed, injected into the test chamber. Before the measurement of the concentration of HCHO, the intensity of UV A LED was measured. Then, the amount of formaldehyde concentration was monitored online by indoor air quality measurement equipment. The result shows that the intensity of UV light was enough to generate a photocatalytic oxidation reaction. After 20 minutes of reaction, the HCHO concentration inside the chamber was decreased around 21.76%.

18.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(5):703-705, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1843159

ABSTRACT

In this cross-sectional survey of 828 participants, they report that insufficient personal protective equipment (PPE);experiences of discrimination, violence, and harassment;not receiving family support;experiencing financial strain;and having to isolate because of COVID-19 were each associated with an increased prevalence ratio of probable depression cases. [...]working on COVID-1 9 or intensive care wards is a particular risk factor,1,2 whereas concerns have been raised about differential access to PPE based on one's role, sex, and ethnicity.3 One postulation from Silva et al. is that community health care workers were no longer able to visit community homes, potentially alleviating some work demands and reducing their exposure risk or vulnerability to violence and discrimination. Because ill mental health is a factor in the global challenge to retain health care workers, we need better research, policies, and support to understand, capture, and model these differences. [...]building support is an important resource for health care workers to draw on and to mitigate the detrimental impact that demanding work environments can have on their mental health.5,6 A SYSTEMS PN1 -https://media.proquest.com/media/hms/PFT/1/UhuwM?_a=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%2BgIBToIDA1dlYooDHENJRDoyMDIyMDUxODEyNDIwMTMwMDo5OTI2MzY%3D&_s=%2BTB5DoMLaFgpkVf8XhHojdnxVis%3D ERSPECTIVE ON HEALTH CARE WORKERS' MENTAL HEALTH The six potential pandemic-related contributing factors shift the narrative of health care worker well-being away from only the individual, emphasizing the responsibility of governments and health care leaders. Too often, research on health care workers' well-being has focused on individual factors (such as psychological states and traits) as antecedents to their well-being, neglecting the various other organizational and societal factors they are exposed to.7 Although the lack of PPE and job type are work-related contributing factors to probable cases of depression, the contributing role of family support and financial strain highlights how nonwork factors are also important. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, it has been evident that we can no longer clearly delineate work from our nonwork lives.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(9):5519, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1843125

ABSTRACT

Sustainability-oriented transport and mobility solutions hunt for engineering and management innovations. Both are primarily adopted by startups—ambitious and dynamic forms of organization stimulated by technical and technological progress. In this paper, the original definition of a startup as the new organizational form has been proposed, and the most relevant trends in green transportation and mobility solutions have been discussed. The paper also seeks knowledge about new business models of sustainable transport and mobility-oriented innovative startups. For this purpose, descriptive statistics of about 200 transport-oriented startups have been produced, based on the results of quantitative research in 2016–2019 in Poland, and the most appealing solutions are presented. Business models of sustainability-oriented transport and mobility startups have been mapped and analyzed. Green innovations in transport concern mainly products and business models. The studied startups can be divided into responding to challenges in designing new equipment, vehicles, and infrastructure (including electromobility) and those offering solutions in managing transport processes, fleet, and passenger transport—especially micro-mobility in cities public transport. Analyzing the profitability of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)-oriented startups, we concluded that startups related to “hardware” projects (vehicles, infrastructures, drones) need more financial support or strategic partnership than service-oriented projects. We also hypothesized that “hardware” startups contribute more to “greening” transportation and mobility sector processes than startups offering services, which requires further in-depth research.

20.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(9):5490, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1837417

ABSTRACT

While the importance of physical activity in older adults is beyond doubt, there are significant barriers limiting the access of older adults to physical exercise. Existing technologies to support physical activity in older adults show that, despite their positive impacts on health and well-being, there is in general a lack of engagement due to the existing reluctance to the use of technology. Usefulness and usability are two major factors for user acceptance along with others, such as cost, privacy, equipment and maintenance requirements, support, etc. Nevertheless, the extent to which each factor impacts user acceptance remains unclear. Furthermore, other stakeholders, besides the end users, should be considered in the decision-making process to develop such technologies, including caregivers, therapists and technology providers. In this paper, and in the context of physical rehabilitation and exercise at home, four different alternatives with incremental characteristics have been defined and considered: a software-based platform for physical rehabilitation and exercise (Alternative 1), the same software platform with a conventional RGB camera and no exercise supervision (Alternative 2), the same software platform with a convention RGB camera and exercise supervision (Alternative 3) and finally, the same software platform with a depth camera and exercise supervision (Alternative 4). A multiple attribute decision-making methodology, based on the ordinal priority approach (OPA) method, is then applied using a group of experts, including end users, therapists and developers to rank the best alternative. The attributes considered in this method have been usefulness, cost, ease of use, ease of technical development, ease of maintenance and privacy, concluding that Alternative 3 has been ranked as the most appropriate.

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