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1.
Public Health Rep ; 137(5): 912-920, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34478334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Louisiana extended Medicaid coverage on July 1, 2016, to previously ineligible populations. We aimed to estimate the effect of Louisiana's Medicaid expansion on self-reported affordability of health care. METHODS: We used 2011-2019 data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). The BRFSS measured affordability of health care by asking respondents 2 questions: (1) whether they could not see a doctor due to cost in the previous 12 months and (2) whether they could not get a prescribed medication due to cost in the previous 12 months. We estimated difference-in-differences and difference-in-difference-in-differences analytical models using multivariable linear regression that compared trends in Louisiana with trends in states that did not expand Medicaid during the study period. RESULTS: Compared with adults aged <65 with annual household income >138% of the federal poverty level (FPL) in nonexpansion states, Medicaid expansion in Louisiana decreased the percentage of adults aged <65 with annual household income ≤138% FPL who reported being unable to see a doctor due to cost by 5.1 percentage points (95% CI, -6.5 to -3.6; P < .001) and unable to afford prescribed medication by 7.9 percentage points (95% CI, -9.2 to -6.6; P < .001). We found similar estimates when we limited the comparison group to Southern nonexpansion states. CONCLUSIONS: Louisiana's Medicaid expansion lowered cost barriers to health care. Further research may find improvements in health care affordability in states that have not yet expanded Medicaid.


Subject(s)
Medicaid , Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act , Adult , Costs and Cost Analysis , Health Services Accessibility , Humans , Insurance Coverage , Louisiana , United States
2.
J Palliat Med ; 25(3): 413-420, 2022 03.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515525

ABSTRACT

Background: Lay health workers (LHWs) engaging African Americans in conversations about advance care planning (ACP) often have felt unprepared for the challenges of communicating with patients as they approach the end of life. We developed a church-based training curriculum, LIGHT (Listening, Identifying, Guiding, Helping, Translating), in response to this need. Objectives: To evaluate the LIGHT Curriculum by assessing its impact on knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, and self-efficacy of the learners; describing their assessment of the classroom component of the training; and describing their visit activities, and perceptions derived during client visits. Design: prospective, descriptive, pre- and post-training evaluation. Settings/Subjects: Thirty-seven LHWs (Comfort Care Supporters [CCSs]) from three African American Churches (United States). Measurements: knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, assessment of classroom training, self-efficacy, visit activities, and perceptions. Results: Pre-to-post knowledge scores (range 0-26) increased by a mean of 5.23, p < 0.0001. Agreement with favorable beliefs about palliative and hospice care (HC) did not change significantly post-training. Disagreement with unfavorable beliefs about hospice increased, most notably, the belief that hospice means a place where people go to die (43% to 87%, p = 0.003) and HC means giving up (77% to 93%, p = 0.03). Post-training, 94% of the CCSs felt prepared to function in their roles. The CCSs who visited clients demonstrated the ability to engage clients and families in conversations about issues important to ACP, end-of-life decision making and care, and the ability to identify relevant benefits and challenges of their roles. Conclusions: LHWs, trained using the LIGHT Curriculum, can acquire the knowledge and self-efficacy necessary to support African American clients with ACP, end-of-life decision making, and end-of-life care.


Subject(s)
Advance Care Planning , Curriculum , Death , Decision Making , Humans , Prospective Studies , United States
3.
Health Promot Pract ; : 15248399211028150, 2021 Sep 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533380

ABSTRACT

We applied a three-step process, abstracting and analyzing program budgets to examine how Colorectal Cancer Control Program (CRCCP) awardees are structuring their programs and to assess the fidelity of program design to the CRCCP public health model. We reviewed 23 state, one tribal organization, and six university awardee budgets. We assessed resource allocations, staffing structures, and contracted partners and their activities. Awardees allocated 83% of all funds to contracts and personnel. Program managers were the most budgeted personnel type across three measures: number of people, full-time equivalency, and personnel costs. Awardees not only contracted with health care systems and clinics (39% of all contracts) but also contracted other partner types. Contractors were mainly funded to implement evidence-based interventions (25%) and conduct evaluation (24%). Program design varied among awardees in the number of staff (0-22), number of full-time equivalencies (0-5.4), and the number of contracts (1-11) budgeted. State awardees budgeted more resources to contracts, compared with university awardees (57% vs. 31%), while universities budgeted more for total personnel costs (41% vs. 30%). We learned that awardees designed their programs with fidelity to the CRCCP model. Although implementation approaches varied, overall results suggest implementation requires a combination of internal capacities and contracted partners. Budgets provide opportunities to use already existing program data to evaluate program design, partnerships, and planned activities.

4.
Curr Drug Deliv ; 2023 Jan 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694323

ABSTRACT

Topical ocular delivery of drugs is most commonly preferred route by the patient and physician for the treatment of ocular diseases. The topical route is always followed with the disadvantages like tear turnover, nasolacrimal drainage, reduction in precorneal residence time, etc. To overcome these hindrances associated with topical ocular route, a novel drug delivery system is used for targeting the drug at a specific site. In the Novel Drug delivery System, protein-based nanoparticles are an attractive class of nanoparticles designed to deliver the drug at targeted site in slow and sustained release manner. They have a size in the range of 1-100 nm. Protein nanoparticles are leading, particularly for the topical ocular delivery like reduction in intra ocular pressure, providing sustained release and targeted drug delivery at the site of its action. Various methods are used for formulation of protein nanoparticles like desolvation, emulsification, complex coacervation, electrospray techniques. The characterization parameters include particle size, surface morphology, drug loading and entrapment efficiency. Protein nanoparticles can also be loaded in to the in-situ gel forming polymers for increasing precorneal residence time of nanoparticles. The characterization parameters of in situ gelling systems are gelling time, rheological properties, gel strength. The review mainly describes the use of various proteins in preparation of protein nanoparticles, methods for preparation of protein nanoparticles, polymers used in in-situ gelling system and evaluation as well as characterization parameters of protein nanoparticles, in situ gelling systems & patented information related to protein nanoparticles and in-situ gelling system for ocular drug delivery.

5.
Zdr Varst ; 62(1): 30-38, 2023 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36694792

ABSTRACT

Introduction: For almost nine decades, the fortification of foods with vitamin D has been proven effective in preventing rickets. This study aims to build and economically evaluate a fortification model based on egg biofortification and milk (including yoghurt) fortification. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between 1. March and 31. May 2021. Three hundred and nineteen healthy women from the Central Slovenian region aged between 44 and 65 were recruited for the study, with 176 participants included in the final analysis. For the fortification model calculations, the vitamin D contents of unenriched milk (including yoghurt) and eggs were replaced by enriched foods containing vitamin D. The economic evaluation was done using available drug and food supplement prices. Fortification costs were calculated using vitamin D prices provided by suppliers. Results: Mean vitamin D intake from food was 2.19±1.34 µg/d. With fortification Model 1 (enriched eggs), it would be: 6.49±4.45 µg/d, and with Model 2 (enriched eggs and milk): 10.53±6.49 µg/d. Without fortification, none of the participants would reach a daily vitamin D intake >10 µg. With fortification Model 1 (egg fortification), 15.3% would reach >10 µg and with Model 2 (egg and milk fortification) 46.2% would reach >10 µg. The economic comparison of the annual cost of 10 µg vitamin D/d/person was EUR 6.17 for prescription drugs, EUR 6.37 for food supplements, EUR 0.09 for direct milk fortification and EUR 0.12 for egg biofortification with vitamin D. Conclusions: Egg and milk (including yoghurt) fortification could cost-effectively increase vitamin D intake in the Slovenian population of women between 44 and 65 by almost five-fold, and could significantly lower the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. Additional research and changes to legislation are needed before this can be introduced.

6.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 2023 Jan 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695007

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess economic evaluations reporting applications of fluoride varnish to reduce caries incidence in preschoolers. METHODS: We included full economic evaluations with preschool participants, in which the intervention was fluoride varnish and the outcome was related to dentin caries. We searched in CENTRAL, MEDLINE via PubMed; WEB OF SCIENCE; EMBASE; SCOPUS; LILACS; BBO; BVS Economia em saúde, OpenGrey, and EconoLit. Clinical trial registers, thesis and dissertations, and meeting abstracts were handsearched, as well as 11 dental journals. Risk of bias in the included studies was assessed using the Philips` and Drummond´s (full and simplified) tools. RESULTS: Titles and abstracts of 2,871 articles were evaluated, and 200 were selected for full reading. Eight cost-effectiveness studies were included; five modeling and three within-trial evaluations. None of the studies gave sufficient information to allow a thorough assessment using the bias tools. We did not combine the results of the studies due to the great heterogeneity among them. Four studies reported that fluoride varnish in preschool children was a cost-effective measure, but in one of these fluoridated water, sealants and fluoride toothpaste were more cost-effective than the varnish, and three studies used limited data that compromised the generalizability of their results. The other four studies showed a large increase in costs due to the application of varnish and low cost-effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: We did not find convincing overall evidence that applying FV in preschoolers is an anticaries cost effective measure.

7.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 2023 Jan 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695306

ABSTRACT

Ductal carcinoma in situ describes the most commonly occurring, noninvasive malignant breast disease, which could be the leading factor in invasive breast cancer. Despite remarkable advancements in treatment options, poor specificity, low bioavailability and dose-induced toxicity of chemotherapy are the main constraint. A unique characteristic of nanocarriers may overcome these problems. Moreover, the intraductal route of administration serves as an alternative approach. The direct nanodrug delivery into mammary ducts results in the accumulation of anticancer agents at targeted tissue for a prolonged period with high permeability, significantly decreasing the tumor size and improving the survival rate. This review focuses mainly on the intraductal delivery of nanocarriers in treating ductal carcinoma in situ, together with potential clinical translational research.


Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) describes the most commonly occurring, noninvasive malignant breast disease, in which it could be the leading factor to invasive breast cancer. Mammography screening is often the diagnosis method in DCIS. The conventional treatment of DCIS includes breast-conserving surgery, medical treatment, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. Various approaches are now actively investigated to overcome a number of drawbacks presented in conventional drug-delivery systems. Incorporation of nanocarriers in the drug-delivery system has portrayed certain benefits over the conventional therapy in DCIS where it promotes targeting in tumor cells, in which provision of the maximum therapeutic effects with minimal adverse effects are eventually achieved. With direct intraductal delivery, the drug accumulates at the site of action. Discovery on the intraductal route of administration has also been greatly implemented in managing other diseases.

8.
Pflege ; 2023 Jan 25.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695490

ABSTRACT

Students' perspective on generalized nursing education in Germany: Results of a nationwide online survey Abstract. Background: Generalized nursing education in Germany was introduced in 2020 as a reaction to changed care conditions. The reform's implementation is accompanied by a nationwide longitudinal survey with three surveys among students in generalized nursing education. Aims: We present results of the first survey round. The explorative approach provides data that allows insights into students' experiences and thus indicates adjustment opportunities. Method: The online survey used standardized questionnaires and was directed at students that had begun generalized nursing education in 2020. 1,267 students from 316 nursing schools in 15 German federal states participated in the first survey round. The survey recorded students' career choice motivations, learning experiences in nursing schools and practical placements, as well as contextual factors. Results: The students' career choice is mainly interest-driven (77.8%). The program is rated good to satisfactory (overall grade 2.45). Frequent and well-designed practical guidance and a transfer of information between nursing school and clinical placement appear important but insufficiently implemented. Data shows an increased need for support services. Conclusions: In addition to positive findings, the practical learning design and the dialogue between theory and practice appear challenging, while support services should be expanded.

9.
Res Sports Med ; : 1-11, 2023 Jan 25.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695507

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this protocol was to adapt and validate the English version of the Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) into Chilean Spanish according to the World Health Organisation guidelines. This is a cross-sectional study of 897 surveys of patients with non-traumatic surgical orthopaedic pathologies. We analysed internal consistency, validity, and acceptability, including correlation with the short form 36 (SF-36) medical score. The validation included 900 participants with a response rate of 99,66%, with excellent internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.962). The Dysfunction and Bother Index items showed a value of 0.952 and 0.884 respectively, eliminating one item in the Dysfunction sub-scale. The principal component analysis was forced to four factors explaining 55.5% of the variance. SMFA-CL sub-scales are significantly correlated with SF-36 components and subcomponents. The first version of the SMFA-CL version (Spanish-Chilean) scale is reported. This culturally adapted score demonstrated a high rate of reliability, validity, and ability to objectively evaluate foot and ankle pathologies.

10.
Am J Transplant ; 2022 Dec 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695683

ABSTRACT

A 62-year-old received orthotopic liver transplantation. Three weeks later, thrombotic microangiopathy developed. Testing revealed thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) characterized by low ADAMTS13 (A Disintegrin-like Metallopeptidase with ThromboSpondin type 1 motif 13) activity and no inhibitor of ADAMTS13 protein. Retrospective attainment of donor records revealed a TTP diagnosis, presumably hereditary TTP (hTTP), as an ADAMTS13 protein inhibitor was not mentioned. As the grafted liver does not produce ADAMTS13 protein, the recipient now functionally has hTTP and will likely need plasma transfusions indefinitely. While hTTP is extremely rare, it should be considered a contraindication to liver donation outside of exceptional circumstances. If a potential liver donor has TTP listed on medical history, attempts should be made to determine whether it is autoimmune or hereditary. An accurate medical history is critical as it is the only reliable way to identify hTTP, as outside of acute exacerbations of TTP, donors with hTTP can have normal laboratory values, including normal hemoglobin, platelets, and renal function.

11.
Am J Transplant ; 2023 Jan 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36695695

ABSTRACT

En bloc kidney transplantation (EBKT) to adults from preterm neonates following donation after circulatory death has not been described in the literature. We report 2 successful cases of EBKT from preterm neonatal donation after circulatory death donors weighing <1.2 kg to adult recipients. The first case was a preterm female infant born at 29 weeks' gestational age, weighing 1.07 kg. The recipient was a 34-year-old woman weighing 75 kg. At the 9-month follow-up, the patient demonstrated excellent graft function with a creatinine concentration of 1.48 mg/dL. The second donor was a preterm female infant born at 29 weeks and 5 days' gestation, weighing 1.17 kg. The recipient was a 25-year-old woman weighing 46 kg. By 5 months post surgery, the serum creatinine level had gradually decreased to 1.47 mg/dL. In our experience, EBKT from preterm neonates <30 weeks' gestation and weighing <1.2 kg has demonstrated acceptable short- to medium-term results.

12.
J Med Internet Res ; 25: e38535, 2023 Jan 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692928

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) are considered to be physically and mentally stressful. During their treatment trajectory, couples express high information and communication needs. They appreciate using the internet to obtain fertility-related information. In a previous study, we developed myFertiCare, an eHealth tool providing personalized information and interactive functionalities for infertile couples in order to improve patient-centered care. The app has already been successful in qualitative evaluations of usability. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study is to quantitatively evaluate the implementation of myFertiCare by using the human, organizational, and technology-fit (HOT-fit) framework and to study the effects of using myFertiCare on couples' knowledge about infertility, their experience of the burden of infertility, and their experience of patient-centered care. With these results, implementation can be further improved, and patient-centered care can be enhanced. METHODS: A quantitative study was performed based on the HOT-fit framework using validated questionnaires focusing on the human, organizational, and technology domains. Questions were added on the effect of using myFertiCare on couples' knowledge about infertility and treatment. Questions regarding the burden of infertility, the burden of infertility treatment, and the experience of patient-centeredness were based on the main items of the validated fertility quality of life (FertiQoL) and Patient-Centredness Questionnaire-Infertility questionnaires, respectively. Also, nonusers of the app were included to explore motivations for not using the app and identify opportunities for improvement. Finally, user data were analyzed to provide insight into multiple variables concerning app use. RESULTS: In the human and technology domains, myFertiCare showed good system usability, high user satisfaction, and high information and interface quality. In the organizational domain, implementation was considered to be sufficient by both patients and staff. Use of the app increased knowledge about the treatment, improved coping with the treatment, and enhanced the experience of patient-centeredness. User data showed that women were the main app users and that use of the app gradually declined during the treatment trajectory. CONCLUSIONS: A multi-faceted online app, myFertiCare, has been successfully evaluated quantitatively for implementation by using the HOT-fit framework. Use of the app increased knowledge about the treatment, improved coping with the treatment, and enhanced the experience of patient-centeredness. App use could be improved by creating more publicity. By providing myFertiCare, professionals in fertility care are supported in guiding patients through their treatment trajectory and in delivering patient-centered care.

13.
Environ Res ; : 115330, 2023 Jan 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693459

ABSTRACT

Severe hypothyroidism has been reported in humans during resorcinol therapeutic use. However, available data highlight differences in the severity of resorcinol-induced thyroid effects between humans and rodents, leading to a debate on the relevance of human data for its classification as a thyroid disruptor. The aim of this review is to illustrate some of the limitations of the evaluation framework for thyroid disrupters using resorcinol as a case study of a chemical with clear thyroid-disrupting properties in humans that could not have been identified solely from regulatory studies on animals. The reliability of human data has been called into question due to the specific exposure patterns in humans and the paucity of robust toxicokinetic data. In humans, therapeutic use of resorcinol induces severe hypothyroidism, but in rodents, thyroid disruption is limited to decreased thyroxine concentrations and histological changes in the thyroid. The adverse effects of thyroid disruption, such as impaired neurodevelopment, have not been sufficiently investigated, and experimental neurobehavioral data for resorcinol remain scarce and inconclusive. Although regulatory toxicological evaluations have not included in-depth investigations of thyroid regulation and related adverse effects, they have been used to challenge the relevance of human data. Resorcinol is an emblematic example of how the framework for regulatory evaluations of thyroid disruptors relies almost exclusively on animal studies which may not be suitable for assessing thyroid disruption. This review highlights the need to revise regulatory guidelines and to adopt strategies based on up-to-date, scientifically sound approaches to identify thyroid disruptors. The limits of the current regulatory framework for identifying thyroid disruptors can lead to opposing positions between regulatory bodies. The French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES)'proposal to identify resorcinol as a "substance of very high concern" due to its ED properties has not been adopted by the European instances.

14.
J Immunother Cancer ; 11(1)2023 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693679

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immunological contexture differs across malignancies, and understanding it in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is essential for development of new anticancer agents in order to achieve synergistic effects with anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) therapy. TYRO3, AXL, and MERTK receptors are bi-expressed in both cancer and immune cells, and thus emerge as promising targets for therapeutic intervention. Whereas AXL and MERTK have been extensively studied, the role of TYRO3, in the TME, is still undetermined. METHODS: Here, we screened the TYRO3-focused chemical library consisting of 208 compounds and presented a potent and highly selective TYRO3 inhibitor, KRCT87. We explored the role of TYRO3 using mouse engrafting MC38 or 4T1 tumors. We validated the results using flow cytometry, RNA sequencing analysis, gene knockdown or overexpression, ex vivo immune cells isolation from mouse models, immunoblotting and quantitative PCR. Flow cytometry was used for the quantification of cell populations and immunophenotyping of macrophages and T cells. Co-cultures of macrophages and T cells were performed to verify the role of CCN1 in the tumors. RESULTS: TYRO3 blockade boosts antitumor immune responses in both the tumor-draining lymph nodes and tumors in MC38-syngeneic mice models. Moreover, the combination of KRCT87 and anti-PD-1 therapy exerts significant synergistic antitumor effects in anti-PD-1-non-responsive 4T1-syngeneic model. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that inhibition of TYRO3-driven CCN1 secretion fosters macrophages into M1-skewing phenotypes, thereby triggering antitumor T-cell responses. CCN1 overexpression in MC38 tumors diminishes responsiveness to anti-PD-1 therapy. CONCLUSIONS: The activated TYRO3-CCN1 axis in cancer could dampen anti-PD-1 therapy responses. These findings highlight the potential of TYRO3 blockade to improve the clinical outcomes of anti-PD-1 therapy.

15.
Community Ment Health J ; 2023 Jan 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692702

ABSTRACT

In 2009, 98.0% of people with mental illness in Sierra Leone were not receiving treatment, partly due to the absence of public psychiatric facilities outside the capital. In response to this situation, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation rolled out nurse-led mental health units (MHUs) to every district. This study evaluates the barriers and facilitators to mental health service delivery in decentralised MHUs in Sierra Leone using key informant interviews and focus group discussions with 13 purposefully sampled clinical staff and senior management personnel. The interviews were audio-recorded, translated from Krio if necessary, transcribed, and analysed using manifest content analysis. The findings suggest that factors affecting nurse-led mental health service delivery include small workforce and high workload, culture and beliefs, risks, lack of safety measures and required resources, outdated policies, poor salaries, lack of funds for medication, distance, power, influence, and stigma. Factors that could facilitate nurse-led mental health services include: increasing motivation, increasing the workforce, knowledge sharing, mentorship, availability of medication, passion and modern psychiatry. The findings contribute towards understanding the challenges and opportunities faced by the recently established nurse-led decentralised mental health services across Sierra Leone, in order to address the large mental health treatment gap. We hope the findings will inform further policy and planning to improve the quality of decentralised mental healthcare.

16.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 972878, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686651

ABSTRACT

Dapagliflozin has been used to treat patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus; however, the actual drug efficacy of dapagliflozin on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and whether there is a rebound from dapagliflozin efficacy on HbA1c remain unknown. The present study aimed to explore the actual therapeutic effect and rebound situation of dapagliflozin on HbA1c in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients. A total of 1,594 type 1 diabetes mellitus patients were enrolled for analysis using a non-linear mixed effect model from randomized controlled trials from published literature works including two 5 mg/day dapagliflozin dosage groups and three 10 mg/day dapagliflozin dosage groups. The change rate of HbA1c from a baseline value was chosen as a dapagliflozin pharmacodynamic evaluation index. After deducting control group effects, the therapeutic effect of 5 and 10 mg/day dapagliflozin on HbA1c in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients had no significant difference. In addition, the actual maximal efficacy (AEmax) of dapagliflozin on HbA1c was -6.24% at week 9. When it reached the AEmax, the dapagliflozin pharmacodynamic rebound on HbA1c occurred, and when the treatment was continued for 0.5 and 1 year, the actual efficacies were -4.70% (75% AEmax) and -3.27% (52% AEmax), respectively. This was the first time to clarify the actual therapeutic effect and rebound situation of dapagliflozin on HbA1c in type 1 diabetes mellitus patients, providing a reference value for clinical practices.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 990926, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686717

ABSTRACT

Mollugo oppositifolia Linn. is traditionally used in neurological complications. The study aimed to investigate in-vitro neuroprotective effect of the plant extracts through testing against acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and ß-secretase linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). To understand the safety aspects, the extracts were tested for CYP450 isozymes and human hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HepG2) inhibitory potential. The heavy metal contents were estimated using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Further, the antioxidant capacities as well as total phenolic content and total flavonoid content (TFC) were measured spectrophotometrically. UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis was employed to identify phytometabolites present in the extract. The interactions of the ligands with the target proteins (AChE, BChE, and BACE-1) were studied using AutoDockTools 1.5.6. The results showed that M. oppositifolia extract has more selectivity towards BChE (IC50 = 278.23 ± 1.89 µg/ml) as compared to AChE (IC50 = 322.87 ± 2.05 µg/ml). The IC50 value against ß-secretase was 173.93 µg/ml. The extract showed a CC50 value of 965.45 ± 3.07 µg/ml against HepG2 cells and the AAS analysis showed traces of lead 0.02 ± 0.001 which was found to be within the WHO prescribed limits. Moreover, the IC50 values against CYP3A4 (477.03 ± 2.01 µg/ml) and CYP2D6 (249.65 ± 2.46 µg/ml) isozymes justify the safety aspects of the extract. The in silico molecular docking analysis of the target enzymes showed that the compound menthoside was found to be the most stable and showed a good docking score among all the identified metabolites. Keeping in mind the multi-targeted drug approach, the present findings suggested that M. oppositifolia extract have anti-Alzheimer's potential.

18.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1099164, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686812

ABSTRACT

Approximately 75% of patients with advanced breast cancer develop bone metastasis, which significantly affects both the quality of life and the survival rate of patients. Accurate determination of the status of bone metastases is important for developing treatment strategies and the prognosis of the disease. Here, we report the case of a 33-year-old patient with advanced metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and multiple bone metastases, in which advanced first-line endocrine therapy and second-line chemotherapy were both considered unsuccessful according to the efficacy evaluation by conventional imaging. Considering the possibility of bone pseudoprogression, the original endocrine scheme was reapplied, and bone metastases achieved a great response of non-complete response (CR)/non-progressive disease (PD). This case showed that, in the course of therapy for the disease, if bone scintigraphy (BS) shows increased lesion density or new lesions, this probably indicates a favorable response (osteoblastic repair of osteolytic lesions) to therapy, and not the worsening of metastatic lesions, called bone pseudoprogression. This paper will provide new insights into strategies for the treatment of bone metastasis and shows the significance of distinguishing osteoblastic bone repair from real bone lesion progression in clinical settings.

19.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1091770, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36687845

ABSTRACT

The relationship between narcissism and creativity has inspired interesting debates for decades. Drawing on a new perspective, the current study tried to explain how narcissism influences others' creativity evaluation in the organizational context. Based on the theory of impression management, we suggested that narcissism and creativity may have a more complex relationship rather than a simple linear link. To test this relationship, we conducted a survey of 596 subordinates and 60 leaders in three high-technology companies. The result showed that there was an inverted U-shaped relationship between narcissism and creativity evaluation. Moreover, personal reputation mediated this curvilinear relationship and this relationship was significant only when narcissists were low in political skill. Theoretical and practical implications, limitations and future directions have also been discussed.

20.
ACS Nano ; 2023 Jan 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683285

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 provided a warning sign for society worldwide: that is, we urgently need to explore effective strategies for combating unpredictable viral pandemics. Protective textiles such as surgery masks have played an important role in the mitigation of the COVID-19 pandemic, while revealing serious challenges in terms of supply, cross-infection risk, and environmental pollution. In this context, textiles with an antivirus functionality have attracted increasing attention, and many innovative proposals with exciting commercial possibilities have been reported over the past three years. In this review, we illustrate the progress of textile filtration for pandemics and summarize the recent development of antiviral textiles for personal protective purposes by cataloging them into three classes: metal-based, carbon-based, and polymer-based materials. We focused on the preparation routes of emerging antiviral textiles, providing a forward-looking perspective on their opportunities and challenges, to evaluate their efficacy, scale up their manufacturing processes, and expand their high-volume applications. Based on this review, we conclude that ideal antiviral textiles are characterized by a high filtration efficiency, reliable antiviral effect, long storage life, and recyclability. The expected manufacturing processes should be economically feasible, scalable, and quickly responsive.

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