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1.
Health Sci Rep ; 5(6): e881, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2068569

ABSTRACT

Background: The menstrual cycle in women is the main indicator of their reproductive health which is affected by the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This review aims to summarize the effects of the COVID-19 infection and the global pandemic on the menstrual health of women. Methods: The literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar using keywords "COVID-19," "Menstrual Cycle," "Menstrual Cycle Irregularities," "Amenorrhea," "Polymenorrhea," and "Dysmenorrhea." The articles were selected according to the following inclusion criteria: (i) cross-sectional studies, (ii) cohort studies, (iii) surveys, and (iv) other observational studies observing the effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection or COVID-19 pandemic on menstrual health of women. Exclusion criteria included: case reports, gray literature, and website articles regarding menstrual health. Results: A total of 30,510 articles were shortlisted after a comprehensive search. Sixteen articles were included out of which 13 studies investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the menstrual cycle while 3 evaluated the possible effects of COVID-19 infection on the menstrual health of women. Menstrual disorders or irregularities were a more common finding during the pandemic as compared to before (p = 0.008). Women affected by pandemic-related stress were more prone to changes in the duration of their menses (p = 0.0008), reported heavier bleeding (p = 0.028), and increased incidence of painful periods (p < 0.0001). COVID-19 infected women also reported changes in their menstrual cycle including irregular menstruation, increased symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, and infrequent menstruation. Conclusions: Women suffering from COVID-19 infection or pandemic-associated stress and anxiety were more likely to experience irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, and other menstrual abnormalities compared to those who were less exposed.

2.
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology ; 12(10):1639-1642, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067049

ABSTRACT

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 232 1st year MBBS students in the age group of 18-23 years.

3.
J Eat Disord ; 10(1): 145, 2022 Oct 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2064853

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel, the number of patients with eating disorders (EDs) seeking treatment increased significantly. The present study sought to evaluate whether, during the pandemic (2020-21), patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) would show more ED-related, comorbid, and COVID-19-related symptoms in comparison to a naturalistic control group, and whether differences would be found between adult and adolescent patients with AN. We also examined attitudes to telemedicine use during the pandemic in patients receiving long-distance interventions. METHODS: Using online self-report questionnaires, we assessed general and COVID-19-specific symptoms with a secure digital platform (REDCap®) in 36 female adolescents with AN, 35 female adults with AN, and 25 female controls. RESULTS: Compared with controls, patients with AN showed more symptoms of EDs, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), elevated suicidal ideation, more COVID-related emotional-behavioral disturbances, and lower resilience. Adult patients with AN fared worse than adolescent patients on most of these measures. Adult patients using telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic showed fewer positive attitudes toward this treatment than adolescents (telemedicine was offered to all, but used by 18/35 adolescents and 21/36 adults with AN). Last, elevated COVID-19-related symptomatology was correlated with more symptoms of ED, anxiety, depression and PTSD, and with lower resilience. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the emotional-behavioral state of Israeli females with AN, particularly adults, was worse during the COVID-19 pandemic in comparison to controls. Many patients did not use telemedicine for their treatment. Adult patients using telemedicine were less satisfied with it than adolescent patients.


The recent COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased rates of eating disorders in many countries around the globe, including Israel. Our study evaluated whether Israeli patients with anorexia nervosa would fare worse than a control group during the COVID-19 pandemic, and whether adults and adolescents with anorexia nervosa would differ. For this purpose, we administered questionnaires to 71 females with anorexia nervosa­36 adolescents and 35 adults­and to a control group of 25 adolescent and young adult women. We found that females with anorexia nervosa showed not only more eating-disordered and psychiatrically-related symptoms, but also more pandemic-related disturbances than the control group. Among the patients with anorexia nervosa, adults fared worse than adolescents. Fifty-one percent of adolescents and 58% of adults with anorexia nervosa received treatment via telemedicine, although all were offered this treatment. Adults treated with telemedicine showed fewer positive attitudes toward it than adolescents. Last, more disordered eating and other psychiatric symptoms were associated with more COVID-19-specific disturbances. Our findings suggest that the emotional-behavioral state of female Israeli patients with anorexia nervosa is worse than that of control females during the COVID-19 pandemic, especially in adults.

4.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly ; 38(7):1870, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057467

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective: Biological markers for the prediction of acquiring Covid-19 risk are deficient and there is a dire need of immediate research data. The objective of the study was to predict the link of ABO blood group types along with Rh factor distribution with the severity of Covid-19. Methods: This was an observational cross-sectional survey conducted in medicine department of Pakistan Ordnance Factory Hospital, Wah Cantt Pakistan, from August 2020 to December 2020 after approval of IRB. Participants tested positive for presence of Covid-19 infection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were included in the study. Covid-19 infection severity was measured through mild, moderate and severe disease categories and analyzed. ABO blood group and Rh subgroups data for all the Covid-19 infected patients were obtained from the laboratory section of the hospital and analyzed. Data was entered in SPSS v 26 and analyzed. Cox regression model was used to find out the severity of Covid-19. Results: Total 248 patients were included;75% patients were male and 25% were females. The mean age of the patients was 52.77±15.58 years. A very significant association was found between ABO blood group types, Rh factor antigen and severity of Covid-19 (p=0.001). When stratified ABO, Rh antigen blood group with health status of all patients there was a very significant association between them (p=0.013). An insignificant association between male and female odds ratio of ABO blood group types but blood group B, Rh positive antigen was more susceptible in Covid-19 positive patients. Conclusion: There is a link between ABO blood group types along with Rh factor antigen (B+ and O+) with the severity of Covid-19 positive patients. ABO blood group types and Rh factor can be used as a potential marker/tool to predict the susceptibility of acquiring Covid-19 infection as well as for severity of the infection.

5.
The Humanistic Psychologist ; 50(3):425-442, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2050281

ABSTRACT

During times of crises, humanistic-existential experiences can become extreme in terms of how individuals cope with negative emotions. Research during the year 2020 has shown that on the one hand, women are more challenged on different levels than men with regard to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. On the other hand, women leaders have shown high-quality leadership to guide nations through the crisis. This study sought to explore the humanistic-existential experiences of women through the terror management theory and from a qualitative perspective. It used a qualitative research paradigm with a hermeneutical research approach and purposeful and snowball sampling. The sample consisted of 16 women aged between 22 and 81 years and of 10 different nationalities who encountered COVID-19 themselves or experienced it in their family, colleagues, or friends. Data were collected from qualitative questionnaires/written interviews and analyzed through content analysis. Data are reported in a qualitative reporting style;quality criteria are presented and limitations discussed. Ethical considerations are addressed. Findings show that women are impacted by negative emotions, in particular anxiety and fear, which they cope with in different ways and which contribute to their meaning making. Conclusions and recommendations for future research and psychological practice are given. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

6.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1184-1185, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046726

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Three types of COVID-19 vaccines were deployed in Iraq;PfizerBioNTech, AstraZeneca, and Sinopharm. Spontaneous self-reported safety data received directly from consumers was an important source of COVID-19 vaccine reporting sources for the first time in Iraq. Objective: To study the common systemic AEFIs and factors influencing them, using self-reported data by Iraqi consumers vaccinated with different COVID-19 vaccine types. Methods: As a part of the national plan for COVID-19 vaccines safety surveillance, an online self-assessment form was designed by the national pharmacovigilance center for the public consumers across the country. The form was quadrilingual and captures the necessary information for a valid AEFI report. Demographic data, contact details, vaccination details, adverse event information, and medical history were collected. To facilitate the filling process and standardize the answers, a list of predefined common short-term AEFIs were included as a checklist, in addition to a free text for other unlisted AEFIs. A retrospective cross-sectional study using the collected responses from April, 2021 until April, 2022 was performed. Data was validated and cleaned. Analyses was performed using SPSS software version 26. Selected common short-term AEFIs were analysed. The incidence of these AEFIs were compared between vaccine types using chisquare test. Moreover, predictors of reporting these AEFIs were explored using binary logistic regression for each vaccine type. Results: A total of 2843 report were included, 62.0% of them were male. The age mean was 36.33 (SD ± 12.2). The participants were more likely to report after the 1st dose (79.4%). AstraZeneca vaccine was found to produce the highest number of AEFIs per report, 4.31 (SD ± 2.4). AstraZeneca and PfizerBioNTech were significantly associated with a higher incidence of multiple AEFIs as compared with Sinopharm (fatigue, joint pain, headache, fever, and chills). PfizerBioNTech vaccine was associated with 71 out of the 76 reported lymph nodes AEFIs. Factors that were significant predictors of higher reporting of systemic AEFIs were;for PfizerBioNTech (female gender, increased dose number, and increased likelihood of previous COVID-19 infection);AstraZeneca (younger age, female gender, and increased likelihood of previous COVID-19 infection);and in case of Sinopharm (younger age, and female gender) Conclusion: The results showed that AstraZeneca and Pfi-zerBioNTech vaccines were associated with more AEFIs than Sinopharm. Predictor factors of AEFIs include;female gender in all vaccines;the presence of previous COVID-19 infection in both PfizerBioNTech and AstraZeneca vaccines;second dose in PfizerBioNTech;and younger age for both AstraZeneca and Sinopharm.

7.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1257, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046676

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In Lombardy and Piedmont (Northern Italy, about 14 million people) the GRESIF pharmacovigilance network project, aimed to collect, assess, treat and prevent severe systemic drug reactions was activated in 2021, supported by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA). GRESIF involves regional and hospital pharmacovigilance centers, and several hospital wards: burn, dermatology, allergology, internal medicine, infectivology and intensive care departments. The registry collects in the National Pharmacovigilance Network all reports of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADRs) concerning Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) and Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis (AGEP). Objective: The specific objectives of the study are to early detect severe systemic ADRs, evaluate their incidence, morbidity and mortality rates, focus on new generation drugs such as RNA antivirals and oncological drugs, implement and optimize guidelines, manage long-term sequelae by follow-up and create a consultable web-based database. Methods: We have drawn up the guidelines [1,2], through a multidisciplinary approach in order to improve the management of very complex patients even in facilities that are not habitually involved in the treatment of these pathologies. This document aims to support professionals in standardizing diagnostic criteria and methods of therapeutic approach. Its useful to inform the general practitioner about responsible drugs and give some information about risk /benefit on the riexposure. Results: In 2021, 27 cases of SJS/TEN, 18 cases of DRESS and no cases of AGEP were collected. There is a female prevalence (25 cases out 44);the age range is from 20 to 93 years. The median age of patients in Lombardy and in Piedmont is respectively 55 and 66 for females, 47 and 63 for males. The total mortality for cases of SJS/ TEN is about 19% and for DRESS we have no deaths. More frequent suspected drugs are antibiotics, followed by allopurinol and anticonvulsants. Noteworthy is the presence of 4 cases of severe ADR related to anti Covid19 RNA vaccines. In all cases, according to the guidelines, the timely discontinuation of the responsible drug was fundamental as the general management. Furthermore we started a study for the HLA typing of these patients. We enrolled 18 cases and the results showed that 6 patients who received allopurinol were all positive to HLA B 58:01. Conclusion: Despite being extremely rare but serious reactions, the absolute need to implement shared diagnostic and therapeutic protocols to be applied promptly is highlighted, in order to reduce both patient mortality and long-term sequelae.

8.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1210, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046595

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Recently mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines have been approved also for use in pediatric population. Vaccines safety require particular attention in this population. Analysis of pharmacovigilance database allows to extrapolate important information to identify possible safety signals. Objective: Our pharmacovigilance study aims to describe and evaluate the onset of adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) with COVID-19 mRNA vaccines in the pediatric population. Methods: We retrieved all pediatric Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) collected in the European pharmacovigilance database, Eudravigilance from the 01/01/2021 to 4/03/2022 related to Spikevax and Comirnaty. We carried out a disproportionality analysis (Reporting Odds Ratio-95% CI) to compare the reporting probability of some AEFIs of interest (seizure, pericarditis, myocarditis, multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS), menstrual disorders, failure and anaphylactic shock) between Comirnaty and Spikevax. Results: We retrieved in Eudravigilance 25.019 ICSR related to Comirnaty describing a total of 75.040 AEFIs and 1.862 ICSRs referred to Spikevax reporting overall 5.361 AEFIs occurred in pediatric population. Majority of ICSRs reported well-known general disorders (headache, pyrexia, fatigue and nausea) for both mRNA vaccines. ICSRs were more frequently referred the adolescent patients (Comirnaty, 86.2%;Spikevax, 86.4%). We found a slight prevalence of female gender for both mRNA vaccine (Spikevax, 52.6 %;Comirnaty 53.9%). Reproductive system disorders were more frequently referred to females. In particular, these events included menstrual disorders (N = 609, Comirnaty;N = 23, Spikevax), amenorrhoea (N = 408, Comirnaty;N = 16, Spikevax) or intermenstrual bleeding (N = 169, Comirnaty;N = 10, Spikevax), polymenorrhoea (N = 172, Comirnaty;N = 10, Spikevax). Few cases described reproductive system disorders in males, mainly related to Comirnaty. These AEFIs included testicular pain (N = 14, Comirnaty;N = 1, Spikevax), erectile dysfunction (N = 5, Comirnaty), testicular torsion (N = 4, Comirnaty) or swelling (N = 4, Comirnaty), scrotal pain (N = 3, Comirnaty) or oedema (N = 1, Comirnaty). Outcome of AEFIs was unknown in 14.8% and 21.1% cases for Spikevax and Comirnaty, respectively. AEFIs had a favorable outcome in more than 50% of cases for both mRNA vaccines, including a complete resolution (30%) or an ongoing resolution (20%). From disproportionality analysis emerged a statistically significant ROR for menstrual disorders (ROR 1.72, 95% CI 1.43-2.10;p < 0.05), failure (ROR 8.11, 95% CI 5.05-13.97;p < 0.05) and seizure (ROR 1.54, 95% CI 1.03-2.41;p = 0.037) when compared Comirnaty versus Spikevax. Conclusion: Majority of pediatric AEFIs are mild and with a positive outcome, supporting the role of ongoing COVID-19 vaccination campaign in this population as a critical public health tool for disease prevention and control of pandemic. Further investigations are needed in this population.

9.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1175, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046530

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rare or serious Adverse Events (AEs) in the reproductive sphere have been reported following the administration of the COVID-19 vaccine, especially mRNA vaccines. Although several fertility Societies have announced that COVID-19 mRNA vaccines are unlikely to affect fertility, pregnancy, or breastfeeding, there is no denying that the current evidence is very limited [1]. Objective: Aim of this study was a post-marketing assessment of the safety profile of COVID-19 vaccines, through the analysis of the Individual Case Safety Reports (ICSRs) collected in EudraVigilance in 2021 year, by focusing on reproductive disorders. Methods: We analyzed all ICSRs that contained at least one COVID-19 vaccine as suspected and at least one AE belonging to the Standardized MedDRA Query (SMQ) level 1 "Fertility disorders" or "Pregnancy and neonatal conditions". We performed a descriptive analysis and all AEs have been coded as Preferred Term (PT) according to MedDRA. Finally, we used the Reporting Odds Ratio (ROR) with a 95% of Confidence Interval (95% CI) to investigate disproportional reporting of AEs belonging to the SMQs of interest among the vaccines included in the analysis. Results: During the study period, 27,089 ICSR were collected and the total number of AEs was found to be 31,337;of these, 62.8% were referred to Comirnaty®, 20.8% to Spikevax®, 12.7% to Vaxzevria®, and 3.7% to Janssen®. For each of the four COVID-19 vaccines, 96.4% were related to female patients, aged between 18-64 years (88.1%), 71.5% were not serious, 46.0% were not resolved yet and 82.3% were reported by non-healthcare professionals. Regardless of the type of vaccine, the most reported PTs were amenorrhea, irregular menstruation, and delayed menstruation. The ROR showed that the probability to report an AE belonging to the SMQ "Fertility disorders" is greater for Comirnaty® (ROR: 4.20, 95% CI 4.08-4.32) while no statistically significant difference was observed to the SMQ "Pregnancy and neonatal conditions". Conclusion: In this study, no potential signs of reproductive system safety were found regarding fertility, pregnancy or breastfeeding. Most of the reported events were related to changes in the menstrual cycle, although these disorders are temporary and normally common in the female population. At the time, the EMA's PRAC concluded that the evidence did not support a causal link between these vaccines and menstrual disorders, however, it decided to further studies collecting data from real life contexts are strongly needed to assess their safety profile in relation to reproductive function.

10.
Theory and Practice in Language Studies ; 12(9):1762-1769, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040515

ABSTRACT

Few studies analyzed the political discourse of the American Vice President Kamala Harris, especially during the presidential elections and her position as the American Vice President. This paper investigates the political discourse of Harris in a corpus-based study of 40 speeches (82,268) words, from 13 October, 2020 to 10 May, 2022. It examines whether Harris' speeches draw on "the feminine style" of political speeches as envisaged by Campbell (1989), Dow and Tonn (1993), and Blankenship and Robson (1995). Qualitative and quantitative analysis will be used. The quantitative analysis will use the Antconc Software to investigate the frequency of certain lexical items related to females such as woman, women, female(s), girl(s), lady, ladies, mother(s), and mom(s), inter alia. Moreover, the frequency of the first-person and third-person pronouns I, we are investigated to examine whether Harris shares her life experience and inspect whether she uses inclusive language. The qualitative and quantitative analysis shows that the political discourse of the Vice President draws on the feminine style of political speeches, such as constructing a political stance based on genuine experience, dedication to addressing women's issues in the political arena, promoting inclusiveness and realizing that actual achievements are required for leadership positions and highlighting that in her political discourse, which is in line with the observations of Campbell (1989), Dow and Tonn (1993), and Blankenship and Robson (1995).

11.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 2022 Sep 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2031618

ABSTRACT

This case report describes a 15-year-old female who presented with acute onset of painful genital ulcers. She denied being sexually active and tested positive for severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 five days prior. Associated symptoms on days 1 to 3 included fatigue, nausea, headaches, and fever. Lipschutz ulcers (LUs), also known as aphthous ulcers, acute genital ulcers, and acquired genital ulcerations; are an uncommon, self-limiting, nonsexually transmitted condition characterized by the rapid onset of painful, necrotic ulcerations of the vulva or lower vagina. The pathogenesis of LUs is unclear, and the diagnosis is one of exclusion.

12.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine ; 88(1):3868-3873, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2026191

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread rapidly across the world. As pregnant women are at greater risk of complications, they were advised to take additional precautions as the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded. Objective: The aim of the present study was to provide an efficient and robust local database regarding the maternal and neonatal outcomes for the pregnant cases. Patients and methods: An observational retrospective cohort study included 50 pregnant women, infected with COVID-19. They were admitted to Zagazig Isolation Hospitals during the study period, either aborted or in labor. All women were also subjected to detailed history taking, thorough investigations and medical examination. The patients were monitored during delivery and prior to it, with evaluating the respiratory symptoms. The maternal and neonatal outcomes were assessed. Results: There was statistically significant relation between maternal outcome and duration of ICU stay. There was statistically significant relation between maternal outcome and result of CT chest. There was statistically non-significant relation between maternal outcome and neonatal gender or mode of delivery. There was statistically significant relation between maternal outcome and fetal weight, gestational age (higher with good outcome). There was statistically significant relation between need for NICU admission and fetal weight (lower in babies needed NICU admission). Conclusion: Pregnant women, who are infected with COVID-19 doubly, require extra care. There was currently insufficient evidence on COVID-19 and pregnancy, with the majority of cases occurring late in pregnancy, which poses a really potential danger for the mother and her baby. Keywords. © 2022, Ain Shams University Faculty of Medicine. All rights reserved.

13.
Journal of Composites Science ; 6(8):226, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023807

ABSTRACT

Hemodialysis (HD) is a life-sustaining treatment of crucial importance in managing end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, this membrane-based therapy is associated with acute side-effects due to bioincompatibility issues and limitations on the removal of uremic toxins. The present study assessed the influence of hydrodynamic conditions applied during HD treatment on protein-mediated inflammatory and thrombotic responses. The membrane modules considered are commonly used in Canadian hospitals and are comprised of a polymer blend of polyarylether sulfone-polyvinylpyrrolidone (PAES). The membranes morphology and hydrophilicity were assessed using SEM, AFM, BET, and zeta potential. An in vitro study evaluated the adsorptive behavior of fibrinogen (FB) to the membrane under different flow conditions. Lower rates of 200 mL/min promoted slower and significant FB adsorption, leading to more severe inflammatory and thrombotic responses. Hydrodynamic conditions also affected the concentration of all inflammatory biomarkers. Lower flow rates triggered more complement activation as well as coagulation, clotting, and inflammatory responses compared to higher flow rates. At the end of the dialysis session, patients treated with a Qb of 200 mL/min presented a significant increase in the concentration of C5a (232%), properdin (114%), serpin (545%), IL-1α (50%), IL-6 (450%), and vWF (212%). IL-1β and TNF-α concentrations declined by 12.5 and 35.5%, respectively. Male patients experienced more severe inflammatory responses than female patients at the operating conditions considered. Comparing the pre- and post-dialysis levels of female and male patients, female patients experienced significantly higher levels of IL-6 and properdin, while male patients presented higher levels of C5a, IL-1α, and IL-6. The results of this study will help clinical doctors evaluate the impact of HD operating conditions on blood activations before prescribing treatment and inform expectations for outcomes in female and male patients.

14.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604885, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2023040

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Quarantine-related loneliness has impacted university students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This study aims to evaluate loneliness among female university students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the pandemic and to investigate its correlation with depression. Methods: A sample of 753 female students was collected during the first COVID-19 summer vacation outbreak through a cross-sectional survey that consisted of two parts: 1) Sociodemographic characteristics and COVID-19 related questions; 2) The eight-item UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Results: Most participants were between 18 and 22 years old (75.2%) and were studying at humanities college (61.50%). Loneliness and depression were reported among 63.3% and 41.1% of female students, respectively, and the correlation between them was significantly positive (beta = 0.419, p < 0.001). Having a previous history of a psychiatric condition and families with insufficient monthly income were the main associated factors with high levels of loneliness and depression. Conclusion: Female university students experienced loneliness and depression under quarantine during the first COVID-19 summer vacation outbreak. Psychosocial intervention for the vulnerable groups is essential, as are longitudinal studies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Loneliness , Adolescent , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Depression/psychology , Female , Humans , Loneliness/psychology , Pandemics , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Students/psychology , Universities , Young Adult
15.
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 83(11-B):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2012735

ABSTRACT

Black women have been making successful strides in mathematics for decades;however, they continue to be underrepresented in mathematics and other STEM fields. According to Young et al. (2017), Black girls and women perform lower in mathematics than all other racial gender groups except for Black males. Considering the stakes for Black girls and women in mathematics, this study sought to address this group's challenges early in their secondary education experiences, focusing on standardized testing.The purpose of this explanatory-sequential mixed-methods study was to determine how different mathematics item types impacted the performance of African American girls, especially multiple-select multiple-choice (MSMC) items. The participants were 18-sixth grade African American girls and two mathematics teachers from an urban charter school in the Southeastern United States. Procedures included administering a 15-item Expressions and Equations mathematics assessment with three types of test items, including single-select multiple-choice (MC), MSMC, and short-answer constructed-response (CR) items. The assessment was followed by retrospective think-aloud student interviews of the MSMC items and supplemental teacher interviews for additional context. Five of the original students from the mathematics assessment completed the interview. Given the extenuating circumstances related to the coronavirus pandemic, their teachers were able to highlight factors that may have contributed to their students' performance.The results and findings were multifaceted. Using Friedman's nonparametric test, a statistically significant difference was detected for the Black girls' performance on MSMC items compared to MC and CR items;MSMC items had the lowest performance overall. From the girls' retrospective think-aloud interviews, four themes were uncovered: the use of Standards for Mathematical Practices (SMPs), inaccurate mathematics language, mathematical misunderstandings, and lack of testwiseness strategies. Next, regarding the pandemic school year, teachers revealed an overall lack of student participation, high student absences, technical difficulties with online learning, and the limited capacity to meet student needs either in-person or virtually. The cumulative findings supported the quantitative assessment results. Overall, the findings suggest that Black girls are currently disadvantaged, even more so during the pandemic, due to lack of instructional support, minimal to late testwiseness training, and misaligned assessment experiences. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

16.
Cureus ; 14(8): e28119, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2006497

ABSTRACT

Kartagener's syndrome (KS) is a rare hereditary disease. It is a triad of chronic sinusitis bronchiectasis and situs inversus. The condition is probably underdiagnosed and the symptoms are more prevalent in children in their first decade of life. We describe a case of a 22-year-old female with a history of cough and dyspnea for six months. The patient was diagnosed with dextrocardia at birth and had no significant medical history for the first two decades of her life. She was adequately immunized during her infancy and childhood as per the National Immunization Program. She was also vaccinated with the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine along with the booster dose. She was diagnosed with KS depending on her clinical symptoms, imaging characteristics and demographics. The patient had received symptomatic treatment for six months before developing respiratory distress requiring hospitalization when the diagnosis was made. KS has to be taken into consideration if an individual with dextrocardia has recurrent upper or lower respiratory tract infections. An early and accurate diagnosis of this illness is crucial to avoid complications and improve the quality of life of patients.

17.
Relations Industrielles ; 76(4):761-791, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002651

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the demographic and human capital characteristics of Canadians that are associated with working from home (WFH), before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, or being absent from work, versus those Canadians who continue to work outside the home (i.e., who do not WFH). The results show significant differences in the incidence of WFH during the pandemic : 1) there are no significant differences between females and males ;2) immigrants are less likely to WFH ;3) younger workers are more likely to WFH ;4) education is positively associated with WFH ;and 5) self-reported health is unrelated to WFH. The results from this natural experiment suggest potential policy and organizational implications if the pandemic WFH environment continues for an extended period of time. Alternate :La pandémie de COVID-19 a créé une nouvelle réalité dans le monde du travail. Les employeurs se rendent compte que pour poursuivre leurs activités pendant la pandémie, ils doivent penser le travail différemment : comment le travail est organisé, qui fait quoi et où il est effectué. La présente étude vise à déterminer s’il existe des différences dans les caractéristiques démographiques et le capital humain des personnes qui travaillent à domicile pendant la pandémie et celles qui travaillaient à domicile auparavant. Ainsi, cette étude profite des conditions naturelles d’une pseudo-expérience pour identifier les facteurs sociodémographiques (c.-à-d., le genre [femme/homme], le statut d’immigrant, l’âge) et le capital humain (c.-à-d., le niveau de scolarité, la santé) des personnes qui ont la possibilité de faire du télétravail afin de mieux comprendre les répercussions des fermetures sur ces sous-groupes. Cette étude utilise les données de la première enquête de la Série d’enquêtes sur les perspectives canadiennes (SEPC) de Statistique Canada sur les répercussions de la COVID-19, ainsi qu’un échantillon analytique (n = 2 653). En outre, l’Enquête sociale générale de 2016, cycle 30, a été utilisée afin d’obtenir des estimations prépandémiques pour les comparaisons descriptives. Nous constatons que les femmes ne sont pas moins susceptibles que les hommes de faire du télétravail et que le statut d’immigrant est négativement corrélé au travail à domicile pendant la pandémie. De manière générale, la corrélation avec l’âge est confirmée, la probabilité du télétravail étant relativement plus faible à mesure que l’âge augmente. Le niveau de scolarité est positivement corrélé au télétravail pendant la pandémie (p. ex., le fait d’avoir un baccalauréat ou un diplôme universitaire supérieur est positivement corrélé au télétravail). Enfin, il n’y a pas de relation entre la santé physique ou mentale et le télétravail. La présente étude contribue à la littérature en quantifiant les répercussions d’un bref événement de télétravail de masse et ses implications sur l’accès au télétravail en fonction des caractéristiques sociodémographiques et du capital humain. Dans un monde post-pandémique, tirerons-nous les leçons de cette expérience imposée par la pandémie ? Résumé La présente étude est axée sur les caractéristiques démographiques et sur le capital humain des Canadiens qui sont absents du travail ou qui travaillent à domicile (TAD), depuis la pandémie de COVID 19 ou qui en avait déjà l’habitude, par rapport aux Canadiens qui continuent de travailler à l’extérieur du foyer (c.-à-d. qui ne font pas de TAD). Les résultats montrent des différences significatives dans l’incidence du TAD pendant la pandémie : 1) il n’y a pas de différences significatives entre les femmes et les hommes ;2) les immigrants sont moins susceptibles de faire du TAD ;3) les jeunes travailleurs sont plus susceptibles de faire du TAD ;4) l’éducation et le TAD ont une corrélation positive ;et 5) l’auto-évaluation de la santé n’est pas liée au TAD. Les résultats de cette expérience naturelle laissent sous-entendre de potentielles répercussions politiques et organisationnelles si le TAD en raison de la pandémie se poursuit pendant une période prolongée.

18.
Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations ; 20(2):1-21, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002568

ABSTRACT

Consumers get innumerable product options, making it crucial to study their selection among brands v/s new brands. The study explores how in a post covid world, the online purchase behavior of Generation Z female consumers is impacted for new-brand beauty products. Using qualitative methods, the authors explored the online purchase behavior of Generation Z females for the purchase of beauty products in emerging economies and how blockchain technology (BCT) can play a crucial role in influencing consumer decision-making. Five focus group discussions were conducted. The study’s findings reveal four key themes – “It's too hard to be an innovator,” “Online stigma,” “New brand reservations,” and “BCT and new brands purchase decisions.” The authors portray that generation Z consumers don’t feel competent enough to buy new brands online without extrinsic motivation. They do not entirely trust the information marketers provide them in the current form. They are expected to buy new brands online if the authenticity of the complete product details can be verified using blockchain mechanisms.

19.
The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online) ; 135(1560):114-116, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1999112

ABSTRACT

According to Euromonitor (2020)1 the value of global retail sales of non-prescribed supplements increased by 105% between 2007 and 2021. [...]duration and dosage of supplementation was not assessed limiting assessment of harmful exposures. A strength of the study is that the participants have often been interviewed during adulthood, reporting on many sensitive and personal issues including medical conditions. [...]it is unlikely that reported prescribed and non-prescribed products will differ substantially from actual use. [...]clinicians should encourage patients to use diet to attain nutrition.

20.
JK Science ; 24(3):188-192, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998879

ABSTRACT

[4] Further, due to a tremendous overload of COVID-19 patients in the hospitals, the regular blood sugar testing had taken a back seat at one point of time. [...]it has been seen that many of these patients were irrationally using or self medicating with high doses of corticosteroids, which added further to the impending doom. [5] As few patients who developed diabetes during their COVID-19 illness were previously unaware of their blood sugar levels, this may have resulted from the direct damage to pancreatic beta cells by the SARS-CoV-2 due to its affinity for the ACE2 receptor and indirectly by damaging smaller blood vessels supplying the beta cells. [6] The major predisposing factors for mucormycosis include uncontrolled diabetes mellitus resulting in diabetic ketoacidosis, other forms of metabolic acidosis, treatment with high dose corticosteroids, chronic, kidney disease, organ or bone marrow transplantation, febrile neutropenia, trauma and severe burns, various malignant hematologic disorders, and deferoxamine therapy in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In cases of angioinvasion, fungal hyphae were clearly seen in the walls of blood vessels or were identified forming thrombi at foci of necrosis.The fungal hyphae were identified in the blood vessel wall or were seen forming thrombi at foci with necrosis of adjacent tissue.

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