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1.
Cureus Journal of Medical Science ; 14(4):13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822585

ABSTRACT

First break psychosis in young adults is sometimes presented as a dichotomous model of organic or substance-induced etiology or a primary psychiatric disorder on the schizophrenia spectrum and related disorders. In this case of a young adult with a typical age of onset for psychotic symptoms also presenting with cannabis use, excessive vaping, history of COVID-19 illness, pineal cyst, and extreme elevation of blood pressure, the diagnostic certainty decreases. Increased risk of progression to schizophrenia in individuals with cannabis use disorder and genetic loading has been extensively reported in the literature. Clinicians may face significant diagnostic and treatment challenges when managing a patient with severe psychotic symptoms. For the clinicians acutely managing such patients facing these exact questions of unknown certainty in progression to full-blown schizophrenia, we highlight a case of severe acute psychosis and complete recovery on a first-generation antipsychotic and mood stabilizer.

2.
Egyptian Journal of Medical Human Genetics ; 23(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822225

ABSTRACT

Background: Union between second cousins and closer relatives is called consanguineous marriage. Consanguineous marriage is associated with increased risk of autosomal recessive diseases and several multifactorial traits. In order to evaluate the association between prevalence/mortality of COVID-19 and the frequency of consanguineous marriage, the present ecologic study was carried out. For the present study, data of prevalence (per 106 people) and mortality (per 106 people) and number of performed laboratory diagnostic test (per 106 people) of COVID-19 disease at four time points (December 2020;March, August and October 2021) of 65 countries were used. Results: Univariable correlation and generalized estimating equation analysis were used. In analysis, prevalence and mortality of COVID-19 were used as dependent variables and human development index, number of performed diagnosis test and the mean of inbreeding coefficient (α-value) were introduced into model as covariates, and time point was used as a factor in analysis. The square root (SR) of prevalence (P = 0.008) and SR-mortality (P < 0.001) of COVID-19 negatively associated with the log-transformed of α-value. Conclusions: The present finding means that in countries with high levels of consanguineous marriages, the prevalence of COVID-19 and mortality due to COVID-19 were lower than countries having low level of marriage with relatives.

3.
Translational Issues in Psychological Science ; : 15, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1821570

ABSTRACT

Worsened by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, first-year college students face unique academic and social stressors during the transitional period from high school to college. The present study examined the role of psychological resources (i.e., hope, gratitude, and COVID-19 protective self-efficacy) in mitigating the negative psychological impact of the pandemic. Four hundred seventy-six first-year college students (M-age = 17.97, SD = .59;70.8% female) from a large private university in New York completed two online surveys during the first and seventh week of the Fall 2020 academic semester, respectively. We found that gratitude, hope, and COVID-19 protective self-efficacy were associated with improved psychological well-being over time. Our findings suggest that hope mitigated the detrimental consequences of those with low levels of COVID-19 protective self-efficacy. Specifically, first-year college students with low levels of COVID-19 protective self-efficacy and low levels of hope experienced greater loneliness over time. In contrast, we found that gratitude enhanced the benefits of having high levels of COVID-19 protective self-efficacy. Among those with high levels of gratitude, COVID-19 protective self-efficacy was associated with lower depressive symptoms over time, but this relationship was not significant among those with low levels of gratitude. Hope mitigated the detrimental consequences of those with low levels of COVID-19 protective self-efficacy, while gratitude enhanced the ameliorative effects of those with high levels of COVID-19 protective self-efficacy. One limitation of the present study is the generalizability of the sample to first-year college students from other educational settings and geographic regions. Implications for college students and university administrators are discussed.

4.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica ; n/a(n/a), 2022.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1819875

ABSTRACT

Introduction The association between preeclampsia and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is under study. Previous publications have hypothesized the existence of shared risk factors for both conditions or a deficient trophoblastic invasion as possible explanations for this association. The primary aim of this study was to examine baseline risk factors measured in the first-trimester combined screening for preeclampsia in pregnant women with COVID-19 compared with the general population. A secondary aim of this study was to compare risk factors among patients with mild and severe COVID-19. Material and Methods This was an observational retrospective study conducted at Vall d'Hebron Hospital Campus (Catalonia, Spain). Study patients were 231 pregnant women undergoing the first-trimester screening for preeclampsia and positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 between February 2020 and September 2021. The reference cohort were 13?033 women of the general population from six centers across Catalonia from May 2019 to June 2021. Based on the need for hospitalization, patients were classified in two groups: mild and severe COVID-19. First-trimester screening for preeclampsia included maternal history, mean arterial blood pressure, mean uterine artery pulsatility index (UtAPI), placental growth factor (PlGF), and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). Results The proportion of cases at high risk for preeclampsia was significantly higher among the COVID-19 group compared with the general population (19.0% and 13.2%, respectively;p =?0.012). When analyzing risk factors for preeclampsia individually, women with COVID-19 had higher median body mass index (25.2 vs. 24.5, p =?0.041), higher UtAPI multiple of the median (MoM) (1.08 vs. 1.00, p <?0.001), higher incidence of chronic hypertension (2.8% vs. 0.9%, p =?0.015), and there were fewer smokers (5.7% vs. 11.6%, p =?0.007). The MoMs of PlGF and PAPP-A did not differ significantly between both groups (0.96 vs. 0.97, p =?0.760 and 1.00 vs. 1.01, p =?0.432;respectively). Conclusions In patients with COVID-19, there was a higher proportion of women at high risk for preeclampsia at the first-trimester screening than in the general population, mainly because of maternal risk factors, rather than placental signs of a deficient trophoblastic invasion.

5.
Annals of Medicine and Surgery ; : 103721, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1819423

ABSTRACT

Background The COVID-19 pandemic inevitably had consequences on routine surgical procedures. The objective was to quantify changes to five surgical procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic namely cataract surgery, hip and knee arthoplasties, coronary revascularisation by angioplasty and definitive cardiac stimulation. Materials and method All hospitalizations with at least one act of each surgery between January 1, 2019, and June 30, 2021, were included from the database of all French residents’ health-related expenses. Percentage changes between observed and expected numbers of hospital stays were calculated for each surgery in 2020 and the first half of 2021 with 95% Confidence Intervals. Expected numbers were calculated from the number in 2019 by applying an average annual change between 2015 and 2019. The type of intervention (primary operation or reoperation/revision) and/or the emergency status were also considered. Results A total of 2,153,857 hospitalizations for cataract surgery (0.6% revision), 398,213 for hip arthroplasty (10.9% revision and 26.9% in emergency), 276,607 for knee arthroplasty (8.2% revision), 471,318 for coronary angioplasty (48.7% in emergency) and 178,441 for cardiac stimulation (27.6% revision) were included. Activity was lower than expected in 2020 (cataract surgery: −21.9% [-22.5;-21.4];hip arthroplasty: −13.4% [-14.8;-12.0];knee arthroplasty: −24.6% [-26.1;-23.0];coronary angioplasty: −11.2% [-12.7;-9.7]) without any catch–up in the first half of 2021 (cataract surgery: −5.0% [-5.8;-4.3];hip arthroplasty: −9.9% [-11.6;-8.2];knee arthroplasty: −22.0% [-24.0;-20.1];coronary angioplasty: −12,1% [-13.9;-10.4]). Revisions and non-elective interventions also decreased but to a lesser magnitude. Cardiac stimulation activity was almost in line with expectations (−2.6% [-4.9;−0.3]/+0.6 [-2.2;+3.4]). Conclusion This study shows that there was a marked decrease in four routine surgeries compared to expectations through to at least the first half of 2021, despite the gradual national rollout of the vaccine.

6.
Jfr-Journal of Family Research ; 34(1):16-40, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1818911

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on intergenerational solidarities in Poland, specifically looking at flows between members of four family generations in the context of first-time motherhood. Background: Unlike other crises, which typically mean that family members rely on one another for support, the pandemic challenges the scope of family solidarities. Little is still known as to how families navigate the particular vulnerability of first-time mothers who might face obstacles in accessing family assistance during lockdowns. Method: The empirical material originates from a Qualitative Longitudinal Study (QLS) on transitions to motherhood in Poland (GEMTRA project, 2018-2021) and features case studies of intergenerational family triads (a first-time mother, her mother, and her grandmother). Two cases have been selected from a large pool of over 100 interviews conducted in two waves. Results: We argue that the crucial stage of family life reified in welcoming the first child serves as special grounds for examining how family support and intergenerational solidarities are maintained, altered, or prioritized during the COVID-19 pandemic. We demonstrate that distinct types of associational, affectual, consensual, functional, normative and structural solidarities are variably affected. Conclusion: We propose a new angle for identifying key support recipients within intergenerational solidarity flows in families during the crisis. Two directions of solidarity flows, towards younger and older generations, respectively, are presented.

7.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(4):e30503, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1817811

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The dementia epidemic is progressing fast. As the world's older population keeps skyrocketing, the traditional incompetent, time-consuming, and laborious interventions are becoming increasingly insufficient to address dementia patients' health care needs. This is particularly true amid COVID-19. Instead, efficient, cost-effective, and technology-based strategies, such as sixth-generation communication solutions (6G) and artificial intelligence (AI)-empowered health solutions, might be the key to successfully managing the dementia epidemic until a cure becomes available. However, while 6G and AI technologies hold great promise, no research has examined how 6G and AI applications can effectively and efficiently address dementia patients' health care needs and improve their quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate ways in which 6G and AI technologies could elevate dementia care to address this study gap. METHODS: A literature review was conducted in databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and PsycINFO. The search focused on three themes: dementia, 6G, and AI technologies. The initial search was conducted on April 25, 2021, complemented by relevant articles identified via a follow-up search on November 11, 2021, and Google Scholar alerts. RESULTS: The findings of the study were analyzed in terms of the interplay between people with dementia's unique health challenges and the promising capabilities of health technologies, with in-depth and comprehensive analyses of advanced technology-based solutions that could address key dementia care needs, ranging from impairments in memory (eg, Egocentric Live 4D Perception), speech (eg, Project Relate), motor (eg, Avatar Robot Café), cognitive (eg, Affectiva), to social interactions (eg, social robots). CONCLUSIONS: To live is to grow old. Yet dementia is neither a proper way to live nor a natural aging process. By identifying advanced health solutions powered by 6G and AI opportunities, our study sheds light on the imperative of leveraging the potential of advanced technologies to elevate dementia patients' will to live, enrich their daily activities, and help them engage in societies across shapes and forms.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 22(1):194, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1817181

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 affects healthcare resource allocation, which could lead to treatment delay and poor outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We assessed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on AMI outcomes. METHODS: We compared outcomes of patients admitted for acute ST-elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) during a non-COVID-19 pandemic period (January-February 2019;Group 1, n = 254) and a COVID-19 pandemic period (January-February 2020;Group 2, n = 124). RESULTS: For STEMI patients, the median of first medical contact (FMC) time, door-to-balloon time, and total myocardial ischemia time were significantly longer in Group 2 patients (all p < 0.05). Primary percutaneous intervention was performed significantly more often in Group 1 patients than in Group 2 patients, whereas thrombolytic therapy was used significantly more often in Group 2 patients than in Group 1 patients (all p < 0.05). However, the rates of and all-cause 30-day mortality and major adverse cardiac event (MACE) were not significantly different in the two periods (all p > 0.05). For NSTEMI patients, Group 2 patients had a higher rate of conservative therapy, a lower rate of reperfusion therapy, and longer FMC times (all p < 0.05). All-cause 30-day mortality and MACE were only higher in NSTEMI patients during the COVID-19 pandemic period (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 pandemic causes treatment delay in AMI patients and potentially leads to poor clinical outcome in NSTEMI patients. Thrombolytic therapy should be initiated without delay for STEMI when coronary intervention is not readily available;for NSTEMI patients, outcomes of invasive reperfusion were better than medical treatment.

9.
Health Secur ; 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1815940
10.
Infectious Diseases: News, Opinions, Training ; 11(1):85-92, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1812113

ABSTRACT

The aim - to assess some medical and social aspects of the epidemic process during the first wave of a new coronavirus infectious disease - COVID-19 in the Republic of Tajikistan. Material and methods. The retrospective study was conducted on the basis of an epidemiological analysis of official statistics as part of the epidemiological surveillance of COVID-19 from April 2020 to April 2021. Results and discussion. At the beginning of April 2021, a total of 13 308 cases of COVID-19 were registered, of which the proportion of recovered was 99.3% (13 218 cases), and the number of cases with a fatal outcome was 0.68% (90 cases;the average age of the deceased was 62.3±0.07 years). The peak of infection during the first wave occurred in May and June 2020, when the average daily increase was 97 people. For 2 months of the epidemic in the republic, 44.6% of the total number of patients with COVID-19 became infected, and the number of deaths reached 52 people or 57.7%. Among the patients, men prevailed (65%). The largest number of deaths (76.7%;n=69) was among older people with comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, metabolic syndrome, etc.). An analysis of the age structure showed that the main proportion of cases fell on the age group of 40-60 years (42.6%). It was found that a significant proportion of patients with COVID-19 was detected in the Sughd region (33.0%) and Dushanbe (30.1%). Conclusion. The COVID-19 pandemic showed that the national healthcare system of the Republic of Tajikistan was not sufficiently prepared for such a development of the COVID-19 epidemic process. There was an acute shortage of medical and preventive specialists in the republic. Given the current situation in the Republic of Tajikistan, within the framework of epidemiological surveillance, the features of the course of the COVID-19 epidemic process were analyzed, adequate emergency measures were developed and proposed to limit the spread of the virus and reduce the negative impact of COVID-19 on public health. The number of beds has been reasonably expanded, the capacity of the laboratory service has been increased, mass vaccination of the population has been started according to epidemic indications. © 2022 Geotar Media Publishing Group

11.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(8):4673, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809866

ABSTRACT

Syndromic surveillance involves the near-real-time collection of data from a potential multitude of sources to detect outbreaks of disease or adverse health events earlier than traditional forms of public health surveillance. The purpose of the present study is to elucidate the role of syndromic surveillance during mass gathering scenarios. In the present review, the use of syndromic surveillance for mass gathering scenarios is described, including characteristics such as methodologies of data collection and analysis, degree of preparation and collaboration, and the degree to which prior surveillance infrastructure is utilized. Nineteen publications were included for data extraction. The most common data source for the included syndromic surveillance systems was emergency departments, with first aid stations and event-based clinics also present. Data were often collected using custom reporting forms. While syndromic surveillance can potentially serve as a method of informing public health policy regarding specific mass gatherings based on the profile of syndromes ascertained, the present review does not indicate that this form of surveillance is a reliable method of detecting potentially critical public health events during mass gathering scenarios.

12.
Organization ; 29(3):502-518, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1808133

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic exposed global capitalism’s fault lines and the deep vulnerabilities built into its functionings. This article investigates how Pakistan’s informally employed women homeworkers, who labor at the bottom of global production networks (GPNs), fared during the first year of the pandemic. It empirically demonstrates how the GPN’s disruption wiped out the limited livelihoods of women homeworkers, which significantly jeopardized the social reproduction of their households, devastating entire communities. Through all of this, women homeworkers’ agency was evident in the everyday practices of social reproduction. The pandemic also revealed a collective solidarity that had community and extended family dimensions. The struggles and solidarities should be viewed as agentic acts of survival, against the economic and socio-political conditions of dispossession that come out of laboring in the Global South, as informal workers.

13.
Journal of Affective Disorders ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1804393

ABSTRACT

Background This study longitudinally evaluated first-onset major depression rates during the pandemic in Italian adults without any current clinician-diagnosed psychiatric disorder and created a predictive machine learning model (MLM) to evaluate subsequent independent samples. Methods An online, self-reported survey was released during two pandemic periods (May to June and September to October 2020). Provisional diagnoses of major depressive disorder (PMDD) were determined using a diagnostic algorithm based on the DSM criteria of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to maximize specificity. Gradient-boosted decision trees and the SHapley Additive exPlanations technique created the MLM and estimated each variable's predictive contribution. Results There were 3532 participants in the study. The final sample included 633 participants in the first wave (FW) survey and 290 in the second (SW). First-onset PMDD was found in 7.4% of FW participants and 7.2% of the SW. The final MLM, trained on the FW, displayed a sensitivity of 76.5% and a specificity of 77.8% when tested on the SW. The main factors identified in the MLM were low resilience, being an undergraduate student, being stressed by pandemic-related conditions, and low satisfaction with usual sleep before the pandemic and support from relatives. Current smoking and taking medication for medical conditions also contributed, albeit to a lesser extent. Limitations Small sample size;self-report assessment;data covering 2020 only. Conclusions Rates of first-onset PMDD among Italians during the first phases of the pandemic were considerable. Our MLM displayed a good predictive performance, suggesting potential goals for depression-preventive interventions during public health crises.

14.
Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med ; : 101061, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1803328

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, care providers (CPs) worldwide grappled with the extraordinary number of severely ill patients with high fatality rates. The objective of this study is to explore the experience of anaesthesiology CPs in temporary intensive care units during the COVID-19 pandemic's first wave. METHODS: CPs were interviewed at a university hospital in Paris, France. We conducted a qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis. RESULTS: Fifteen participants were included (five nurses, three nurse managers, and seven physicians). The analysis uncovered four themes: 1. Overworked care providers in an intensive care unit under pressure;2. The disrupted relationship among patients, their families, and end-of-life care;3. Short-term coping strategies;4. A long-term transformative experience for care providers. DISCUSSION: The COVID-19 pandemic has drained CPs physically and emotionally. Infection control protocols, lack of knowledge about this new disease, the establishment of open-space care settings, and the disruption of relationships have posed ethical dilemmas, leading CPs to question the meaning of their profession, and their future professional involvement. CPs at both an individual and institutional level employed numerous coping strategies, relying on a strong team spirit and a reinforced sense of duty. Nevertheless, after the end of the first wave, participants described the long-lasting psychological impact of this experience and frustration at the lack of recognition from their institutions and from policymakers. This study can inform institutional interventions and public health policy to support CPs during and after such a crisis to ensure their well-being and high standards of care.

15.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-333381

ABSTRACT

Restrictions imposed by governments in response to the spread of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 have presented a human rights challenge around the world. The difficulty of balancing public health against human rights has been particularly acute in relation to freedom of religion, as measures limiting attendance at places of worship or requiring their temporary closure have been challenged in the courts. This article analyses judicial decisions in the US and UK that have considered the lawfulness of restrictions on places of worship. Although the legal approaches to assessing violations of freedom of religion in the US and UK are different, both approaches have led to the similar result of courts taking issue with the imposition of certain public health restrictions on places of worship. In the US, where the current, albeit controversial, understanding of the requirements of the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment invites attention to the neutrality and general applicability of a law, the Supreme Court initially declined to grant injunctive relief against coronavirus restrictions on places of worship, before reversing course in Roman Catholic Diocese v Cuomo. In the UK, assessing the question under art 9 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), as incorporated into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998, the Outer House of the Court of Session in Philip found that Scottish coronavirus restrictions were not proportionate to their legitimate end. This article argues that these decisions exhibit a number of problems, and the preferable view is that restrictions on religious practice to save lives in a pandemic can be legally justified on a temporary basis.

16.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 2022 Mar 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1797882

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Data on the immune response to SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy are lacking and the potential role and effect of SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in pregnancy is yet to be completely investigated. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional observational study wherein pregnant women were tested for SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin M and immunoglobulin G levels, irrespective of their infective status or presence or symptomatology. RESULT: Of the 220 pregnant women tested, 160 (72.7%) were SARS-CoV-2 IgG positive, 37 (16.8%) were SARS-CoV-2 IgM positive and 27 (16.9%) were both IgG and IgM positive. The average antibody titer found was 10.49 BAU/ml (±14.0) and 0.6 (±0.55) for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM non neutralizing antibodies respectively. ROC analysis for SARS-CoV-2 IgG positivity showed a cut-off value of 1.19 with a sensitivity of 99.3% (0.99 AUC, 95% CI) and specificity of 98.3% (0.99 AUC, 95% CI), respectively. Similarly, ROC analysis for SARS-CoV-2 IgM positivity showed a cut-off value of 1 with a sensitivity of 97.3% (0.99 AUC, 95% CI) and specificity of 98.9% (0.99 AUC, 95% CI), respectively. CONCLUSION: First trimester sero-molecular screening suggests a high prevalence of COVID antibodies in the study population of pregnant women in the first trimester, without the patients being symptomatic.

17.
European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging ; 23(SUPPL 1):i334, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1795315

ABSTRACT

Background: Stuck valve is a very rare and severe complication that occurs in mechanical valve replacement patients with ineffective anticoagulation. However, with COVID-19 restriction measures, it became challenging to regularly assess INR to make sure it falls within the target therapeutic range to prevent this complication. Purpose: We wanted to explore how did the COVID-19 pandemic restrictions impacted mechanical valve replacement patients on chronic anticoagulation and the long-term consequences of limiting their access to health service. Methods: We present a series of 10 patients on warfarin anticoagulation therapy who either underwent transthoracic echocardiography for a suspected stuck valve or were seen at the outpatient valve clinic with the residual consequences of a stuck valve during the COVID-19 restriction measures in our institute. Results: Eight patients were female, two of whom were pregnant at the first trimester and eventually went on to receive an abortion;six patients received urgent valve replacement cardiac surgery;four patients were managed medically e.g. with heparin;none had thrombolytic therapy. Stuck prosthetic valves incident has increased significantly during this period, particularly those in the mitral position for which urgent replacement and prolonged hospitalization including intensive care admission, with high in-hospital mortality rates and high costs were necessary. Mean hospital admission time was 27.5 ± 18.5 days. The cost of treatment, as average estimated reimbursement, was 11,000 USD for medical admission only, and 43,200 USD when surgery was required, up to 64,000 USD when ECMO was part of patient management. Conclusion: Despite governments' efforts to implement telemedicine and virtual clinics, COVID-19 restrictions and health-messaging affected the routine follow-up of non-COVID-19 patients. We report dramatic consequences to this drastic change in healthcare: clinical complications, lost lives and inflated healthcare costs in patients with a prosthetic valve. We believe that non-COVID-19 patients have paid, and will continue to pay in the future, a price that is much greater than those patients who have suffered from COVID-19. Active engagement of patients should be implemented in a time of emergencies, and further studies should address the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of public policies aimed to decrease the burden of avoidable complications and missed diagnoses.

18.
2nd International Conference on Innovative Research in Applied Science, Engineering and Technology, IRASET 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1794831

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic, which is still ongoing today, has impacted various sectors of life, one of which is education. Education from early to higher education is carried out online. Many parents are not ready to accompany their children in online schools. This study aims to measure the readiness of parents to accompany their children to online school. This study used the purposive sampling method and collected 376 K-12 Indonesian parents as respondents. This research generates comparative data of the parents' readiness level in the first year and second year of the pandemic. Furthermore, it was found that several benefits were experienced by parents while accompanying their children during online schools, such as: Strengthening the relationship between children and parents, improving digital/technology literacy, improving students' creative thinking skills, having more flexible time, and preventing virus transmission. © 2022 IEEE.

19.
Asia Pacific Journal of Educators and Education ; 36(2):45-63, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789809

ABSTRACT

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, most educational institutions switched to online learning as a standard education delivery model. The use of social media has since become an essential and integral component of students’ lives, both as a tool to facilitate learning as well as for social connections. The current study examines the use of social media and its association with depression among newly enrolled first-year university students during the national lockdown. Three hundred and eighty-six (N = 386) participants aged between 19–21 years from one faculty of a public university were recruited online for the study. Self-reports on daily time spent and emotional investment (frequency of visits) on social media were obtained. Depression was assessed using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Depression Scale. Results from binary logistic regression showed that high levels of investment in a variety of social media activities were associated with symptoms of depression. Compared to the users at the lowest level, students in the higher usage groups had significantly increased odds of depression (AOR = 2.94, 95% CI = 1.22–7.08;AOR = 2.49, 95% CI = 1.04–5.94, respectively), even after controlling for all covariates. Total time spent, however, was not found to associate with depression. Additionally, indigenous students from East Malaysia who mostly reside in rural areas recorded a significantly higher odds of experiencing depression during the pandemic (AOR = 3.32, 95% CI = 1.23–8.90, p =.02) compared to the Malays. Given the pervasive use of social media during the COVID-19 lockdown, the findings of the study suggest that educators at higher education institutions can leverage on the ubiquitous use of social media among students to disseminate targeted educational messages regarding mental health. © Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia, 2021.

20.
Encyclopaideia ; 25(61):53-66, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789643

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 forced many institutions of higher learning to make a sudden switch from face-to-face classes to emergency remote learning. This move was welcomed with mixed reactions by first year students. The purpose of this study was to investigate first year students’ experiences of emergency remote learning amidst the time of the global pandemic of COVID-19 in the United Arab Emirates. The study adopted a qualitative approach within an interpretivist paradigm and it was conducted as an exploratory case study in a federal university. Three hundred and ninety two open-ended question-naires were completed by first year students about their experiences of emergency remote learning. Data was analysed using content analysis. It was concluded that the best way to judge the validity of emergency remote learning is by taking context into consideration. The use of different online teaching strategies help cater for diverse needs of first year students and reduce dropout rates. © 2021 Lawrence Meda.

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