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Health & Social Care in the Community ; 2023, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2322275


Background. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is often associated with people who inject drugs, and with a reduction in quality of life. While earlier forms of HCV treatment had low treatment uptake, newer HCV treatment integrated with opioid maintenance treatment appears to increase treatment uptake among those who inject drugs. The aim was to explore how people who inject drugs perceive changes in quality of life after treatment of HCV infection. Methods. Four focus group discussions, and 19 individual interviews were conducted with people who inject drugs or who had previously injected drugs and received opioid agonist therapy. All participants were successfully treated for and "cured” for HCV. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using reflexive thematic analysis. Results. The HCV treatment helped participants to let go of negative thoughts and break destructive patterns of interaction. This facilitated the restoration of social relationships with family and others. Furthermore, some participants reported a general improvement in their health. Feeling healthy meant fewer worries such as infecting others. Also, interactions with health professionals were experienced as less stigmatizing. These physical, social, and psychological improvements led to a form of "awakening” and being treated for HCV gave participants hope for the future. Conclusion. HCV treatment improves the mental and physical health in addition to play an important social function. Successful HCV treatment was associated with a greater sense of hope for the future, reconnection with significant others, and reduced feeling of stigma. Overall, improved health and social relationships contributed to improved quality of life.

AIS SIGED International Conference on Information Systems Education and Research 2022 ; : 114-128, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2325537


This case study describes a usability testing course in which students learn by practicing several evaluation methods. The on-campus format makes it possible for teachers and students to meet to discuss recorded test sessions and students can observe other students' execution of pilot studies conducted on campus. The COVID-19 pandemic placed new demands on this course. In-person activities were avoided by some students and many test participants. Some student teams tried remote usability testing. Interestingly, screen recordings (with sound) of the test sessions show that remote testing sometimes helped the students focus more on observation and less on (inappropriately) guiding the test subjects. Another effect was that the students found it easier to recruit participants than during the previous years when the university was teeming with students, lecturers, and non-academic staff. However, the recruited participants were often notably limited to the students' circles of friends. © (2022) by Association for Information Systems (AIS) All rights reserved.

Rural Theology-International Ecumencial and Interdisciplinary Perspectives ; 21(1):40-51, 2023.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2324344


The hypothesis of the fragile rural church was first advanced by Lawson (2018) and refined by Lawson (2019) using qualitative data from interviews with Church of England clergy with responsibility for three or more rural churches. Quantitative research by Francis, Village and Lawson (2020, 2021a, 2021b) confirmed the proposed five major marks of the fragile rural church, demonstrating that these marks were most prevalent in the rural situation. The current research, based on interviews with 17 rural Church of England clergy with responsibility for four or more churches, and focus groups involving 33 lay people from the same parishes, confirms the five major marks of the fragile rural church and proposes one further mark.

Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results ; 14(3):2687-2696, 2023.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2318871
2023 Gas and Oil Technology Showcase and Conference, GOTS 2023 ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2314441
Ann Gastroenterol ; 36(3): 287-292, 2023.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2312919


Background: In people with celiac disease (CD), many factors affect adherence to a gluten-free diet (GFD), and these may well differ among countries. In Greece, such data for the adult population are lacking. Thus, the present study aimed to explore the perceived barriers to compliance with a GFD that are faced by people with CD living in Greece, also taking into account the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Nineteen adults (14 females) with biopsy-proven CD, mean age 39±9 years and median time on GFD 7 (Q1-Q3: 4-10) years, participated in 4 focus groups, conducted through a video conference platform during the period October 2020 to March 2021. Data analysis followed the qualitative research methodology. Results: Eating outside the home was reported as the domain where most difficulties were faced: these were related to a lack of confidence in finding safe gluten-free food and to the lack of social awareness about CD/GFD. All participants highlighted the high cost of gluten-free products, which was mostly managed by receiving state financial support. Regarding healthcare, the vast majority of participants reported little contact with dietitians and no follow up. The COVID-19 pandemic eased the burden of eating out, as staying at home and allocating more time to cooking was experienced as a positive effect, although the shift to online food retailing impacted food variability. Conclusion: The main impediment to GFD adherence seems to stem from low social awareness, while the involvement of dietitians in the healthcare of people with CD warrants further investigation.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities ; 2022 Jun 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2312935


AIMS/PURPOSE: To evaluate current day challenges and beliefs about breast cancer screening for Black women in two diverse northeast communities in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women in the USA. Although Black women are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer, they suffer a higher mortality. Early detection of breast cancer can be accomplished through routine screening mammography, yet the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on mammography screening barriers and perception in minority communities is uncertain. METHODS: Five focus group interviews were conducted as the first phase of a mixed method study across two heterogeneously diverse locations, Camden, New Jersey, and Brooklyn, New York. RESULTS: Thirty-three women participated in this study; sixteen women were recruited at the New Jersey location and seventeen at the New York location. Only two thirds of the women stated that they had received a mammogram within the last 2 years. The major themes were binary: I get screened or I do not get screened. Subthemes were categorized as patient related or system related. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings on factors that affect breast cancer screening decisions during the COVID-19 era include barriers that are related to poverty and insurance status, as well as those that are related to medical mistrust and negative healthcare experiences. Community outreach efforts should concentrate on building trust, providing equitable digital access, and skillfully addressing breast health perceptions.

Howard Journal of Communications ; 34(2):151-169, 2023.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2301929
Revista Romana de Sociologie ; 33(5/6):359-377, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2301240
Aslib Journal of Information Management ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2300702
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science ; 13(4):206-212, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2300492
Health Education Journal ; 82(3):297-310, 2023.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2299825
Journal on Migration and Human Security ; 11(1):99-108, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2296946
Clin Simul Nurs ; 80: 9-16, 2023 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2304015


Background: This study examined nursing students' experiences of using HoloPatient to learn COVID-19-related patient care. Method: In this qualitative descriptive study, focus group interviews were held virtually with 30 nursing student participants in South Korea. Data were analyzed using a mixed content analysis. Results: Participants reported satisfaction associated with having gained patient assessment and critical thinking skills, self-confidence, and knowledge about the care of patients with COVID-19. Conclusion: HoloPatient in nursing education can improve learning motivation, critical thinking skills, and confidence. Efforts should be made to engage users by providing an orientation, supplementary materials, and an environment conducive to learning.