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1.
Journal of American Folklore ; 135(538):466-470,495, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2044914

ABSTRACT

This essay is part of a forum that includes Tom Mould's article "Counter Memes and Anti-Legends in Online Welfare Discourse" (2022) and response essays published in this issue ("Memes and Representations of Race: An Analysis of Historical Representations of Welfare" by Mia Moody-Ramirez and "In a Land of Venn Diagrams: Reflections on Anti-Fans and Counter Memes, Trolls and Anti-Legends" by Whitney Phillips).

2.
International Journal of Technology, Knowledge and Society ; 18(1):13-22, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025999

ABSTRACT

A number of reviews of Orwell’s totalitarian tale “1984”—the first filmic sci-fi drama based on the book released in 1956—interpret it in an antisemitism-oriented light. In his symbolic, classic yet timeless cult narrative, Orwell leaves us with a political message and shows how a totalitarian power ruthlessly strips citizens of their individuality, identity, and human value. Narrated as a fable, “1984” is a somber reflection on a utopia turned dystopia, where power falls into the hands of a privileged elite. Fast-forward to 2021 and as COVID-19 impacts the world at large, it has triggered a plethora of new inventions as we operate under new conditions in an increasingly technocratic society. In today’s “New Normal” or era of interrupted realities, “1984” offers many insights. The oppressed are yet again the masses, yet while the minority crushes the majority or the collective in “1984,” our current virus conquers the world without prejudice. With our reality resembling science fiction, we are alienated from one another in real-time yet approach each other virtually. Technology our guiding star, we have gained increased sets of transferrable skills and become technologically savvier by the minute yet may become all the more socially awkward—perhaps even inept. This article makes a sweeping comparison between pandemic overreliance on technology and the future society envisioned in “1984”—Orwell’s fable now stepping away from the page, seeping into our current context, and becoming our reality as we (did not) know it.

3.
Folklor/Edebiyat ; - (110):499-522, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1994820

ABSTRACT

Bu makalenin konusu kültürel bir unsur olarak Nallıhan iğne oyalarıdır. Makale, resmi miras listesinde doğrudan yer almayan Nallıhan iğne oyalarının gelenek taşıyıcıları ve çeşitli profesyoneller aracılığıyla nasıl bir miras unsuru ve değerli bir ticari ürüne dönüştürüldüğünü sorun edinmektedir. Adı üstünde iğneyle yapılan ve bir çeşit örgü olan iğne oyaları, geçmişten günümüze geleneksel giyim-kuşam ve süslenmenin önemli bir parçası olagelmiştir. Bununla birlikte toplumsal ve ekonomik yapıdaki değişmelere bağlı olarak iğne oyalarında da bir değişimin yaşandığı gözlenmektedir. Bu değişimi anlayabilmek üzere makalede Nallıhan iğne oyalarına inovasyon (innovation), normatif kültür (habitus/normative culture) ve kültürel mirastan (cultural heritage) oluşan üçlü bir kültürel form modeli çerçevesinden yaklaştık. Bu kapsamda iğne oyasını, miras öncesi kültürel formdan miras olarak etiketlenmeye doğru seyreden süreçte;oyanın aktörleri, oyaya yüklenen anlam, değer ve işlev, uygulamalar, politikalar, mirasa ilişkin bilinç ve farkındalık kadar kültürel ve toplumsal yapıdaki değişmeler açısından tartışarak betimledik. Makalede kullanılan verilerin önemli bir kısmını alan araştırmasıyla elde ettik. Yaşanan Covid- 19 pandemisi araştırma tekniklerimizde hibritleşmeye yol açmıştır. Bu sebeple görüşmelerimizi 2020-2021 aralığında Ankara ve Nallıhan’da kimi zaman yüz yüze, kimi zaman da telefonla gerçekleştirdik. Sonuçta ise Nallıhan iğne oyalarının normatif kültürden yüksek farkındalıkla kültürel miras düzeyine yükseldiğini, bu süreçte özellikle turizmin araç olarak işlev gördüğünü ve iğne oyasını yaratıcı/ girişimci bakışla yeniden tasarlamanın önemli olduğunu tespit ettik.Alternate : This article is about Nallıhan needle lace as a cultural element. The problem examined in this article is how Nallıhan needle lace, which is not directly included in the official heritage list, is turned into a heritage element and a valuable commercial product by tradition bearers and various professionals. Needle lace, which is a kind of knitting made with needles, has been an important part of traditional clothing and decoration from past to present. However, it is observed that there is a change in needle lace depending on the changes in the social and economic structure. In order to understand this change, we approached Nallıhan needle lace within the framework of a triple cultural form model consisting of innovation, normative culture (habitus/ normative culture) and cultural heritage. In this context, in the process that moves needle lace from a pre-heritage cultural form to being labeled as a heritage;we discussed and described the lace in terms of the actors, meaning, value and function attributed to the embroidery, the policies, practices, the consciousness and awareness of the heritage as well as the changes in the cultural and social structure. We obtained a significant part of the data used in the article through field work. The current Covid- 19 pandemic has led to hybridization in our research techniques. For this reason, we held our inteviews in Ankara and Nallıhan between 2020-2021, sometimes faceto- face and sometimes over the phone. As a result, we have determined that Nallıhan needle lace has risen from normative culture to cultural heritage level with high awareness, that tourism especially functions as a tool in this process and it is important to redesign needle lace with a creative/entrepreneurial perspective.

4.
Fabula ; 63(1/2):207, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1963080

ABSTRACT

On Sep 5-8, 2021, the 18th ISFNR congress was held in the beautiful city of Zagreb in Croatia. The title and theme of the congress was Encountering emotions in folk narrative and folklife. Due to Covidl9 restrictions the congress had been postponed for a year and went online. Our hosts and organizers where the Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Research and the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, who virtually connected us all with excellent planning, technical support and engaging and informative videos, all of which evoked a strong sense of connection from our homes around the world to Zagreb's landscape and lore.

5.
Narodna Umjetnost ; 58(1):65, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955108

ABSTRACT

Rad se bavi medijskom eksponiranošću medicinskih stručnjaka, a ujedno i osoba na rukovodećim funkcijama pojedinih državnih institucija – ministra zdravstva Vilija Beroša, ravnatelja Hrvatskog zavoda za javno zdravstvo Krunoslava Capaka i ravnateljice Klinike za infektivne bolesti "Dr. Fran Mihaljević" Alemke Markotić – tijekom epidemije bolesti COVID-19 u Hrvatskoj. U istraživačkom fokusu je prvih nekoliko mjeseci javnog djelovanja tih liječnika u okviru Nacionalnog stožera civilne zaštite i ispred zdravstvenog sustava, pri čemu se analizom medijskog narativa nastoji ispitati utjecaj njihove komunikacije s javnošću na stupanj povjerenja koje im građani poklanjaju u doba koronakrize. Na tragu Giddensova i Luhmannova promišljanja povjerenja u kasnoj/refleksivnoj modernosti te primjena njihovih teza u području istraživanja zdravstvene skrbi raspravljaju se utvrđene oscilacije povjerenja i komunikacijski izazovi. Pritom se, uz prepoznavanje međusobne povezanosti fenomena straha, rizika i povjerenja, upozorava na metaprocese medijatizacije i celebritizacije liječničke struke u specifičnim, kriznim društveno-političkim okolnostima.Alternate :This paper deals with the media exposure of medical experts in management positions in state institutions during the COVID-19 epidemic in Croatia – the Minister of Health, Vili Beroš, the director of the Croatian Public Health Institute Krunoslav Capak and the director of the Dr. Fran Mihaljević Clinic for Infectious Diseases, Alemka Markotić. The article focuses on the first several months of their work within the National Civil Protection Headquarters and as representatives of the healthcare system. The analysis of the media narrative is an attempt to investigate the influence of their public communication on the citizens' level of trust in them during the corona crisis. The article discusses oscillations in trust and communicative challenges identified in the analysis from the point of view of Giddens's and Luhmann's views of trust in late/reflexive modernity, by applying their ideas to the healthcare system. In addition to recognizing the interconnections between fear, risk and trust, the article points to the metaprocesses of mediatization and celebritization of doctors in sociopolitical crises.

6.
Journal of Folklore Research ; 59(2):37-46, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1933520

ABSTRACT

The influence of the discipline of folklore on academic leadership has not been widely examined. This essay explores the connections between collaborative ethnographic research-one form of which Elaine Lawless labels reciprocal ethnography-and collaborative approaches to academic leadership through an examination of the author's leadership experience preceding and during the COVID-19 global pandemic.

7.
Journal of American Folklore ; 135(537):267-280,379, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1929245

ABSTRACT

In a speech delivered as the Presidential Address for the 2021 American Folklore Society (AFS) annual meeting, Cantu shares her deepest gratitude to the membership of AFS. She also talks about the present, signaling and highlighting the extraordinary times we are living in and the challenges such a reality poses for our work, for AFS, and for society in general.

8.
Voices ; 47(1/2):30-33, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1904479

ABSTRACT

On the other end of the spectrum, events and social gatherings were back in force: event vendors, including tents and chair rental, sound and technical services, and food trucks were difficult to confirm. Both The Daily Gazette and the Times Union-the Capital Region's leading newspapers-picked up the story of our festival and shared features before the event. [...]people did choose to attend our event-some found us as they walked in the park, but many came to the park specifically to attend the festival.

9.
Social Sciences ; 11(5):190, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871373

ABSTRACT

Looking forward, as Japan faces increasing financial challenges approaching the norm of 100-year life, the authors note the emergence of a recrafting of the active aging motif to shogai gen’eki, encouraging older adults to remain productive with continued employment, suggesting the significance of remaining useful for a sustainable society. Besides a macro socio-historical review, the article also included a microanalysis of one case study of the development of senior clubs and senior colleges in a Japanese city, and a brief overview of the U.S. experience for comparative insights of active aging initiatives in Japan. [...]it should be noted that in Japanese literature, active aging programs are more widely known as programs to promote ikigai (life purpose). [...]the papers selected for this Special Issue have contributed towards the stock of knowledge that exists on how active aging is conceptualized and expressed in the region.

10.
Folklor/Edebiyat-Folklore/Literature ; 28(2):523-536, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822689

ABSTRACT

During the pandemic, which begans in 2019 and affected the whole world throughout 2020, societies continue to struggle to get out of this process with minimal damage using their own means. One of the important pillars of this struggle is that people tried to keep up with a new order by stepping out of their daily routines. Although the world, which has started digitization in many areas, has had to adapt to the new order much faster with the sudden and severe impact of the disease, various activities in different areas have also been transferred to the digital realm. In this article, scientific meetings and schools, which are among the activities of various institutions and organizations related to folklore in Turkey that were carried out during the pandemic will be evaluated and the reflections of the digital cultural environment in the scientific world will be examined. In the field of folklore these meetings and their activities held in the digital environment will be discussed, participant profiles, challenges experienced in the distance education process and the pros and cons of using the digital world in these schools. For this paper three meetings/schools were chosen in addition to virtual seminars organized by TOKUAD, UNESCO Turkey and the Motif Foundation were chosen as case examples.

11.
Journal of American Folklore ; 135(535):95-97, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1801730

ABSTRACT

An obituary for Janet L. Langlois, a leading legend scholar, who died on May 22, 2021, is presented. Langlois received a master's degree in Library Science and then joined the doctoral program in folklore at Indiana University, receiving her PhD in 1977. That same year, she became Professor of English and Folklore Studies at Wayne State University, where she taught for 38 years. A two-time winner of Wayne State's President';s Award for Excellence in Teaching, she influenced countless students and fellow scholars, both in classes at Wayne State and through her folklore publications and talks.

12.
Asian Studies ; 10(1):183-209, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789563

ABSTRACT

Artists are responding very differently to the COVID-19 around the world. In Japan, this has been manifested in artistic production of the mythical creature called Amabie, one of the yōkai. Most often, it appears as a mermaid, with both animal and human features recognizable by its three limbs, long hair, beak-like mouth and body covered by scales. This is a mythical character which, according to legend, allegedly predicted the plague and advised people to share drawings of its image with each other, thus protecting them from diseases. The character was documented for the first time in 1846 in one of the early kawaraban newspapers. This paper presents a new wave of Amabie that overran social media when COVID-19 seriously affected Japan. The author focuses on the world of art, where the character distinctly stepped to the fore, and examines the characteristics of Amabie’s interpretation by selected artists. One of the first to attract special attention in this respect is the artist Shigeru Mizuki (1922–2015), a master of the yōkai genre, whose comic book featuring Amabie was revived in the midst of the pandemic. He was followed by other illustrators, designers and artists or groups of artists. Utilization of the character of Amabie as a talisman, however, is specific not only of the artists’ domain. The mass popularization of the character, including drawings, puppets, paper sculptures, costumes, sweets, tattoos and the like can be followed through all kinds of social media. The paper attempts to lay stress on the phenomenon of the struggle of Japanese society with COVID-19 through the prism of popularizing Amabie folklore, which has become in the last few months an internet meme and mascot of pop culture that has spread around the entire world. © 2022, Ljubljana University Press, Faculty of Arts. All rights reserved.

13.
Logos et Praxis ; 20(2), 2021.
Article in Russian | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1754030

ABSTRACT

This article presents the classification of fakes on grounds of the information source that underlies the occurrence of false information. The study was perfomed on the coronavirus fakes that spread in Russian Federation in March 2020 during the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic in our country. For the analysis, only those fakes were taken, which the Administrations of the Russian regions promptly denied in their official accounts on social networks. Based on this, only those fakes that caused the greatest public response were selected for analysis. In this article, the following types of fakes are distinguished: folklore, symmetric, interpretive, additional, and conspiracy. Folklore fakes in various variations reproduce the same motives and are associated with well-established ideas and stereotypes in the mass consciousness. Symmetrical fakes partially or completely transfer true facts from one territory (country, region) to another. They can also transfer information from one person (structure) to another (s). Interpretative fakes are associated with the incorrect interpretation of events, information disseminated, or decisions made by the authorities by individual individuals. Additional fakes for a short period of time continue the theme of previously thrown disinformation. Conspiracy fakes are associated with conspiracy theory, characterized by stuffing on a wide territory and a large audience This classification is not exhaustive and can be supplemented as new fakes appear and are studied. Also, within the framework of this article, recommendations are given on how to refute a particular fake, depending on its belonging to a particular type.Alternate : Ð’ данной статье представлена классификация фейков, созданная автором на основании информационного источника. Исследование проводилось на материале коронавирусных фейков, которые распространялись на территории Российской Федерации в марте 2020 г. в период начала пандемии. Для анализа были взяты только те фейки, которые Администрации российских регионов оперативно опровергали в своих официальных аккаунтах в социальных сетях. Исходя из этого, для анализа были отобраны только те «фейки», которые вызывали наибольший общественный резонанс. Ð’ данной статье выделяются следующие типы фейков: фольклорные, симметричные, интерпретационные, дополнительные, конспирологические. Фольклорные фейки в различных вариациях воспроизводят одни и те же мотивы и связаны с устоявшимися в массовом сознании представлениями и стереотипами. Симметричные фейки частично или полностью переносят правдивые факты с одной территории (страны, региона) на другую, с одного лица (структуры) на другое(-ую). Интерпретационные фейки связаны с неверной трактовкой отдельными индивидуумами про исходящих событий, распространяемой информации, или принимаемых властью решений. Дополнительные фейки в течение небольшого периода времени продолжают тематику ранее вброшенной дезинформации. Конспирологические фейки связаны с ‚еорией заговора, характеризуются распространением на большой территории и рассчитаны на широкую аудиторию. Данная классификация не является исчерпывающей и может дополняться по мере появления и изучения новых фейков. Также в рамках данной статьи даны рекомендации по способам опровержения фейков того или иного типа.

14.
Asian Studies-Azijske Studije ; 10(1):183-209, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1715979

ABSTRACT

Artists are responding very differently to the COVID-19 around the world. In Japan, this has been manifested in artistic production of the mythical creature called Amabie, one of the yokai. Most often, it appears as a mermaid, with both animal and human features recognizable by its three limbs, long hair, beak-like mouth and body covered by scales. This is a mythical character which, according to legend, allegedly predicted the plague and advised people to share drawings of its image with each other, thus protecting them from diseases. The character was documented for the first time in 1846 in one of the early kawaraban newspapers. This paper presents a new wave of Amabie that overran social media when COVID-19 seriously affected Japan. The author focuses on the world of art, where the character distinctly stepped to the fore, and examines the characteristics of Amabie's interpretation by selected artists. One of the first to attract special attention in this respect is the artist Shigeru Mizuki (1922-2015), a master of the yokai genre, whose comic book featuring Amabie was revived in the midst of the pandemic. He was followed by other illustrators, designers and artists or groups of artists. Utilization of the character of Amabie as a talisman, however, is specific not only of the artists' domain. The mass popularization of the character, including drawings, puppets, paper sculptures, costumes, sweets, tattoos and the like can be followed through all kinds of social media. The paper attempts to lay stress on the phenomenon of the struggle of Japanese society with COVID-19 through the prism of popularizing Amabie folklore, which has become in the last few months an internet mete and mascot of pop culture that has spread around the entire world.

15.
Journal of American Folklore ; 135(535):26-48, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1706065

ABSTRACT

This article explores the possibility that Google search behavior (as summarized in Google Trends output) may provide an informative lens through which researchers can view shifts in proverb search interest, and a way to see how those shifts relate to particular sociohistorical events. In the application presented here, analyses showed that just as internet searches for terms like “Wuhan,” “coronavirus,” “pandemic,” and “flatten the curve” surged in popularity in the United States in early 2020 at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, so, too, did searches for particular phrases (e.g., “keep calm and carry on,” “this too shall pass,” and “all in this together”) that seemed to provide useful proverbial framings for the events of this time. This analysis, then, offers an overview of the pandemic from a paremiological perspective and further illustrates the potential value of quantitative methods in folklore scholarship. Copyright © 2022 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois

16.
Shagi/ Steps ; 7(4):124-150, 2021.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1698735

ABSTRACT

We research how the Russian authorities, using both fact-checking resources and law enforcement measures, have been fighting COVID-rumors and fake news during 2020-2021. To find out what the Russian government considers to be the most dangerous rumors, we built three databases: COVID-rumors in social media (6.2 million reposts from 1 January through 30 April);cases of court prosecutions against spreaders of fake news (240 cases from February, 2020 to August, 2021);and cases of debunking of “fake news” on coronafake.ru (194 cases). The majority of Russian infodemic texts in social media (65%) consists of anti-vaccination narratives and folk medicine for COVID-19. Those rumors are generally claimed to be the most socially dangerous because they can adversely influence human behavior. Meanwhile, of the fake news and rumors which became the subjects of court cases, the majority (84%) concern the possible negative socio-political scenarios of the coronavirus pandemic and express distrust of the actions of government institutions. At the same time, anti-vaccination fake news and false medical advice draw no attention from state agencies. Thus, the policy of the Russian state in the fight against the infodemic turns out to be focused mainly on preserving the legitimacy of government institutions and public confidence in them, and less on public health. © A. S. ARKHIPOVA, & B. S. PEIGIN

17.
Journal of American Folklore ; 134(534):475-481,537, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1696262

ABSTRACT

The death of George Floyd in May 2020 seems like a lifetime ago, but since that's a moment we all remember so clearly because we felt it, let's use that as a road sign. See before that you had COVID. The pandemic showed up and whittled away at our general sense of safety. First, it was like a rumor. "The friend of a friend had a cousin who worked with someone who had it." Then it became like a forecast for a snowstorm. In Richmond VA, when it snows (or might snow), people go crazy, and they start buying things. BlackLiq has spent his whole life with no trust in the police. No faith in our government. Watching bullshit be addressed with bullshit, then justified with more bullshit. Not to mention the times we've all been pulled over or harassed by bullshit in uniforms.

18.
Journal of American Folklore ; 134(534):375-377,537, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1696245

ABSTRACT

According to the Black Lives Matter website, "in 2013, three radical Black organizers-Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi-created a Black-centered political will and movement building project called #BlackLivesMatter. Two of the many slogans dominant in the protests that followed were "Say Her Name" and "Protect Black Womxn!" African American Policy Forum (AAPF) and the Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies used the phrase "Say Her Name" as a hashtag (#SayHerName) in December 2014 to bring "awareness to the often invisible names and stories of Black women and girls who have been victimized by racist police violence, and provides support to their families." To lift up their stories, and illuminate police violence against Black women, we need to know who they are, how they lived, and why they suffered at the hands of police.2 The pieces in this issue give flesh to Black folks of all genders;they share their experiences, emotions, and creativity in their voices, thus "lifting up their stories" Each contribution offers insights into the personal experiences of Black folk.

19.
Journal of American Folklore ; 134(534):501-512,538,540, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1696171

ABSTRACT

Gabrielle Civil, a Black feminist performance artist, and Anna Martine Whitehead, a Black transdisciplinary artist, formulate, exchange, and respond to embodied strategies of creativity and resistance. They discuss Black performance dreams and their own movements as Black performers. Recorded on June 4, 2020, during the coronavirus shutdown and shortly after George Floyd's tragic death, their words have become a time capsule. Their conversation is part of Black Motion Pictures, Civil's interview series with radical Black creatives on Zoom, an internet video conference platform. Time signatures and ellipses from the original Zoom transcript highlight the glitchy strangeness and mediation of the moment.

20.
Journal of American Folklore ; 134(534):524-525, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1696157

ABSTRACT

Coren reviews Sonya Clark: Tatter, Bristle, and Mend, an exhibition at the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington DC.

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