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1.
Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology ; JOUR(5):1-7, 23.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100438

ABSTRACT

The whole world is facing unprecedented food security challenges under COVID-l9 pandemic. In order to understand the global food situation, this paper analyzed the world's and China's food supply situation and food security response strategies, and put forward strategy to guarantee China food security. It was found that global grain production was generally stable as expected, and high impact resistant. China's main grain supply was guaranteed, but imported commodities were affected at certain extent such as soybeans. Due to the various situations in different countries, each country adopted measures to protect their domestic food supply, such as increasing financial and policy support, raising food stocks, building green channels, restricting food exports, reducing import tariffs, and implementing price controls. On this basis, this paper suggested to stabilize grain production by cracking supply bottlenecks, control grain prices by strengthening regulation, and stabilize social expectations by effectively guiding the market to ensure China food security and the stable operation of the food supply chain.

2.
IDS Policy Briefing 2022. (201):6 pp. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056697

ABSTRACT

Small food businesses are vital to delivering affordable, nutritious food to low-income communities. Yet food systems are under threat from multiple stressors. During the Covid-19 pandemic, government support was directed at maintaining business activity, so understanding how this affected small food businesses offers insights for future policy design. Most policies aligned primarily with the short-term financial needs of larger businesses, leaving a gap for timely support for small enterprises. The recurrent nature of shocks means that such businesses also require longer-term agility to respond to shocks. Interventions to build this capacity can be integrated into nutrition programming.

3.
Journal of Fungal Research ; 19(1):1-5, 2021.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056454

ABSTRACT

The paper reviews and summarizes the development and current situation of China's edible fungi industry. The impact of the coronavirus epidemic on the edible fungus industry is analyzed, and the new opportunities and challenges of the mushroom industry are discussed. The new path of the development of edible fungi industry in the post epidemic era is expounded, and the direction for the sustainable development of edible fungi industry in China is also pointed out.

4.
Land ; 11(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055290

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the relationship between the rapid growth of online food purchasing and household food security during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in China using the city of Nanjing as a case study. The paper presents the results of an online survey of 968 households in Nanjing in March 2020 focused on their food purchasing behavior and levels of food security during the early weeks of the pandemic. While online food purchasing has increased rapidly in many countries during the COVID-19 pandemic, little research attention has been paid to the relationship between online food purchasing and household food security. This paper provides detailed insights into this relationship in China. The medium- and longer-term food security and other consequences of the pandemic pivot to online food purchasing are a fertile area for future research in China and elsewhere.

5.
Land ; 11(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055289

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the world economy since 2020. This study analyzed the impact of the pandemic on innovative agri-food companies from different branches of agro-industrial activity located in Extremadura (Spain). The main aim of this study was to determine which activities have been most affected. Differences between actions and changes made depending on the nature of the product, process, or services were also evaluated. The information was obtained from an online questionnaire in which the research questions were posed (what consequences, actions, or changes has the pandemic had on the development of firms' activities?). Data were analyzed descriptively, and a statistical study was conducted on the existence or absence of independence between effects and actions based on the branches of activity of agri-food industries. The main results showed that companies' financial (decrease in turnover and reduction/displacement of product demand) and operational functioning (difficulty in marketing activities and standstill/decline in the fiscal year) has mainly been affected. In response, innovative agro-industries have acted regarding their processes (increased ICT use and new marketing strategies) and procedures (implementation of stricter hygienic-sanitary protocols and reorganization of activities and personnel) to deal with the negative effects on their activities. In general, all agro-industrial branches have incorporated changes in their products and services, mainly by providing new and better customer benefits, and improving product formats and forms of payment to suppliers. These findings provide information for the regional public administration in the development of initiatives that mitigate the negative effects of the pandemic and favor the implementation of actions that help the adaptation of agro-industrial activities. Agricultural policies should incorporate specialized measures to ensure the global sustainability of the food and agriculture system and the supply and production.

6.
Development Southern Africa ; 39(5):722-737, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2050752

ABSTRACT

This article presents the results of the five waves of the National Income Dynamics Study - Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (NIDS-CRAM) on food security between May 2020 and May 2021. Despite significant investments in social protection, food insecurity and household and child hunger remained stubbornly high. We conclude that given the protracted nature of the pandemic, slow economic recovery, household and child hunger have stabilised at higher levels than before the pandemic. The phasing out of emergency relief coupled with the constrained economic situation, are some of the reasons why levels of food insecurity and hunger are likely to remain high in the near future. Strict lockdown regulations also reduced employment and income from informal economic activities. Social support for vulnerable individuals and households remain an urgent priority. Continuing support targeted at households with children is particularly important given the dire consequences of enduring hunger for stunting, and on children's long-term development.

7.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 140:71-88, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046696

ABSTRACT

Sectors strategic to the post Covid-19 economic recovery Parana are identified here by using an input-output matrix and economic indicators calculated from 2018 Parana-Rest of Brazil interregional system data. Intersectoral linkages indices portray food industry, civil construction, commerce and land transport as driving sectors of the state economy. Results concerning production, employment and income are higher for the textile and clothing, commerce, accommodation and food, education, health, and software development sectors, the latter being an important sector for the emergence of micro and small business. Incentive actions directed to strategic sectors in the economic recovery involve professional qualification, microcredit, business incubators, and extension activities focusing the dissemination of new communication and sales technologies.

8.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 138:111-126, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046500

ABSTRACT

Five dimensions allow to understand sustainable development from a multidisciplinary perspective: the geographic, the economic, the ecological, the social and the cultural ones. Different attitudes can be adopted by the gastronomic sector which contribute to a sustainability-focused management. In view of this, the aim of the present article is to discuss the perception of sustainability from the gastronomy industry perspective. For this, in addition to a literature review a quali-quantitative approach was taken through the compilation of a questionnaire which was electronically sent to establishments that form the Campos Gerais gastronomic network in Parana. The current pandemic scenario was taken into account in order to identify attitudes that allowed the establishments to remain operational in the face of the restrictions imposed by Covid-19. Twenty-two of twenty-five associated establishments responded to the survey, most of them showing to have adopted sustainable management actions and, especially regarding the pandemic scenario, adaptations that allowed them to remain in business.

9.
Technical Bulletin - Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture 2022. (TB-1957):26 pp. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046070

ABSTRACT

The USDA, Economic Research Service's Food Price Outlook (FPO) provides monthly forecasts of annual food price percent changes up to 18 months in advance. The forecasts add value to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Consumer and Producer Price Indexes (CPI, PPI) by giving farmers, wholesalers, retailers, institutional buyers, consumers, and policymakers a uniform set of predictions about food prices. The more accurate the predictions, the more value FPO contributes. Events such as recent natural disasters, the Great Recession, the Food Crisis of 2011, and the COVID-19 pandemic have highlighted the importance of food price forecasting and the need for improvements to the forecasting methodology to enhance accuracy and treat uncertainty more rigorously. This technical bulletin describes a time-series-based approach for forecasting food prices which provides enhanced precision, removes potential biases from the specification process, and allows for a clearer characterization of uncertainty about future food prices. Four case studies are included to illustrate how these forecasts can be used.

10.
NFI Bulletin ; 42(2):1-8, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045646

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to help make sense of what we know about the dramatic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on food security and nutrition at the global level, how we know it, and what we expect to find when more data and analyses are available. It is important to keep in mind that the "global" indicators discussed are derived from common methodologies and applied uniformly to common country data sets. This has advantages but, where possible, needs to be complemented by more in-depth data and analysis in a country. This country-specific data may not be directly comparable to others or be aggregated at the global level. They may be crucial in understanding the country's context and formulating appropriate policy responses. The paper presents 4 pieces of the COVID-19 puzzle. The first is an overview of the measures of food security and nutrition at the global level, based on country-level estimates, followed by a discussion of those indicators for 2019 in the period prior to the epidemic. This is followed by a short discussion of how COVID-19 and other restrictions made things a lot worse. Finally, current estimates are given.

11.
Industria Saccarifera Italiana ; 113(1/2):6-8, 2020.
Article in Italian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045458

ABSTRACT

Eight years of steady increases in hunger and malnutrition have reversed decades of advancement. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that in 2020, between 720 and 811 million people worldwide would experience chronic hunger, the highest number since 2014. The difficulties facing the world food system in feeding an expanding population sustainably have been made even more apparent by climate change and the Covid-19 outbreak. The threat of a global food crisis as bad as or even worse than the one the world experienced in 2007 to 2008 has gained broad international attention in response to Russia's military intervention against Ukraine. Together, Russia and Ukraine are important exporters of almost 12% of the food calories traded globally and major suppliers of staple agrocommodities like wheat, maize, and sunflower oil. Additionally, Russia is the largest exporter of fertilizers worldwide. To ensure their basic food supply, a number of regions are heavily reliant on imports from these two nations. For example, eastern African countries import 72% of their cereals from Russia and 18% from Ukraine, while North African and Middle Eastern countries receive over 50% of their imports of cereal from Russia and Ukraine combined. The EU is dedicated to advancing its Farm to fork agenda and changing the way that food is produced around the world. In order to do this, the Commission stated that it will join eight international coalitions on food security and nutrition. These coalitions bring together a wide range of stakeholders.

12.
Industria Saccarifera Italiana ; 113(1/2):3-5, 2020.
Article in Italian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045457

ABSTRACT

The international economy is already being severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, both directly and indirectly as a result of the required controls put in place to stop the disease's spread. The food and agriculture industry is likewise being affected by these effects. While the food supply has been stable thus far, in many nations the virus-containment efforts are beginning to affect the flow of agro-food items to markets and consumers, both domestically and abroad. The composition of the industry as well as the degree of demand for specific commodities are both significantly changing. How detrimental these effects wind up being to food security, nutrition, and the livelihoods of farmers, fishers, and others involved in the food supply chain will be greatly influenced by the short-, medium-, and long-term policy responses. Governments have a lot on their plates right now, including responding to the health crisis, dealing with the fallout from the economic shock, and making sure the food system runs smoothly. While the pandemic creates some major short-term issues for the food system, it also presents a chance to speed up changes in the food and agriculture industry that will increase its resilience to a variety of threats, including climate change.

13.
Working Paper - Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University 2022. (22-WP 637):29 pp. many ref. ; 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2044960

ABSTRACT

We analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated policy responses on the global economy and food security in 80 low- and middle-income countries. We use a global economy-wide model with detailed disaggregation of agricultural and food sectors and develop a business as usual baseline for 2020 and 2021 called "But-for-COVID" (BfC). We then shock the model with aggregate income shocks derived from the IMF World Economic Outlook for 2020 and 2021. We impose total-factor productivity losses in key sectors as well as consumption decreases induced by social distancing. The resulting shocks in prices and incomes from the CGE model simulations are fed into the USDA-ERS International Food Security Assessment model to derive the impact of the pandemic on food security in these 80 countries. The main effect of the pandemic was to exacerbate the existing declining trend in food security. Food insecurity increases considerably in countries in Asia through income shocks rather than prices effects. We also review trade policies that were put in place to restrict imports and exports of food, and we evaluate their potential for further disruption of markets focusing on the food-security implications.

14.
Informe GEPEC ; 26(2):141-160, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040722

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze the policy decisions taken by countries in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region to mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the food supply. Information was drawn from the Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA), which depicts policy decisions implemented to mitigate impacts with respect to food security. After analyzing these data in relation to the indicators of the Global Food Security Index (GFSI), it was found that policy decisions were centered on the dimensions "access to food" and "availability of food". In terms of access to food, we highlight food transfer policies in kind and social protection measures policies. In terms of food availability, macroeconomic policies and policies to support food production stand out. The effects of the pandemic have heightened the risk of food insecurity, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.

15.
IDS Working Paper Institute for Development Studies ; 572:1-50, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040536

ABSTRACT

This study explored how measures to curtail the spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) in Vietnam affected the livelihoods and food and nutrition security of internal migrant workers. While Vietnam has made impressive progress towards food security in the past decades, marginalised groups of people such as ethnic minorities and migrants continue to face significant challenges. The project team investigated how the pandemic affected the precarity of these groups' income-generating opportunities and how the level of income generated affected the quality, as well as the quantity, of food consumed by migrant workers in Hanoi, the capital, and the Bac Ninh province, which hosts large industrial zones. Our research shows that income for migrant workers significantly reduced as a result of Covid-19-related lockdown measures. Almost half of the respondents were considered to be either moderately or severely food insecure. Financial support provided by the government hardly reached migrant workers because of the registration system required to receive unemployment benefits. To reduce the vulnerability of migrant workers, we conclude that: Short-term crisis responses need to focus on providing nutritious, healthy, and ample food to migrant workers;Policies that impose minimum standards of living need to be effectively enforced;The coverage of existing social safety nets by the government needs to be expanded;and A radical reform of labour law is needed to improve labour rights for migrant workers.

16.
Les Cahiers du CREAD ; 38(3):478-512, 2022.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040230

ABSTRACT

Covid-19 and the Ukrainian crisis have put the question of the "food emergency" back on everyone's agenda. If the need to ensure food security is unanimous in Algeria, this is however not the case for the future orientation of public policies in this area. This work attempts to contribute to this debate through a strategic prospective analysis to 2035 identifying new orientations for policies to support agricultural and fisheries production systems. It demonstrates that it is necessary, in order to better prepare for these "long and short time" challenges, to act now and to go further "than instead of" marginal adjustments. Also, these new policies must accompany "a double paradigm shift" that of the food model and the agricultural and fisheries production systems. The establishment of a cross-cutting food security policy in Algeria therefore appears to be essential to promote and succeed in this new dynamic.

17.
PLoS Sustainability and Transformation ; 1(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039450

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted agriculture in India in many ways, yet no nationally representative survey has been conducted to quantify these impacts. The three objectives of this study were to evaluate how the pandemic has influenced: (1) cropping patterns and input use, (2) farmers' willingness to adopt sustainable agricultural practices, and (3) farmers' COVID-19 symptoms. Phone surveys were conducted between December 2020 and January 2021 with farmers who had previously participated in a nationally representative survey. Values are reported as weighted percent (95% confidence interval). A total of 3,637 farmers completed the survey;59% (56-61%) were small/marginal farmers;72% (69-74%) were male;and 52% (49-55%) had a below poverty line ration card. A majority of farmers (84% [82-86%]) reported cultivating the same crops in 2019 and 2020. Farmers who reported a change in their cropping patterns were more likely to be cultivating vegetables (p = 0.001) and soybean (p<0.001) and less likely to be cultivating rice (p<0.001). Concerning inputs, 66% (63-68%) of farmers reported no change in fertilizers;66% (64-69%) reported no change in pesticides;and 59% (56-62%) reported no change in labor. More than half of farmers (62% [59-65%]) were interested in trying sustainable farming, primarily because of government schemes or because their peers were practicing it. About one-fifth (18% [15-21%]) of farmers reported COVID-19 symptoms in the past month (cough, fever, or shortness of breath) and among those with symptoms, 37% (28-47%) reported it affected their ability to work. In conclusion, COVID-19 infections had started to impact farmers' productivity even during the first wave in India. Most farmers continued to grow the same crops with no change in input use. However, many expressed an interest in learning more about practicing sustainable farming. Findings will inform future directions for resilient agri-food systems.

18.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management ; 34(10):3553-3587, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037666

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to simultaneously examine the influence of demographic, psychographic and situational factors on consumers' willingness to pay a price premium (WTPp) for robotic restaurants and to profile market segments based on consumers' WTPp levels (positive, neutral and negative). Design/methodology/approach: Using an online survey, the data were gathered from a sample of 897 Thai consumers who had dined at a robotic restaurant in the past 12 months. Structural equation modeling, chi-square tests and the one-way analysis of variance were used for data analysis. Findings: Demographic (gender, age, income and marital status), psychographic (perceived advantages/disadvantages, personal innovativeness and personality traits) and situational factors (perceived health risk and self-protection behavior) significantly influence consumers' WTPp for robotic restaurants. The positive price premium group differs significantly from the neutral and negative price premium groups in terms of demographic, psychographic and situational profiles. Practical implications: The findings of this study help restaurateurs target the correct customers and set up appropriate price fences to safeguard profits and maximize return on investment. Originality/value: This study contributes to the literature on technology-based services and hospitality by heeding the calls made by Ivanov and Webster (2021) and providing much-needed empirical evidence of possible changes in consumers' WTPp for robot-delivered services in restaurants due to COVID-19.

19.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management ; 34(10):3743-3763, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034609

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the three-way interaction effects among congruence type (proximal vs distal) of nonverbal ad messages, assessment perspective (internal vs external) of verbal ad messages and social distance (close vs faraway) on consumers' visit intention. Design/methodology/approach: After developing the four categories of restaurant advertisements and scenarios for each type of social distance, the authors used 780 observations collected from Chinese consumers via the online survey platform Sojump and WeChat. The authors conducted ANOVA to test the hypotheses. Findings: The results reveal that in proximal congruence situations, consumers who feel a close social distance between themselves and their companions report higher visit intentions when exposed to internal versus external perspective-oriented ad messages;in distal congruence situations, external perspective-oriented ad messages elicit higher intention to visit advertised restaurant when consumers feel a far social distance between themselves and their companions. Research limitations/implications: Future research can focus on the different categories of messages, such as functional and experiential messages, to find whether similar interaction effects are explored or not. Practical implications: This paper suggests some practical implications for advertisers to maximize the impact of advertisements on consumers' behavioral outcomes via combining the different characteristics of nonverbal and verbal messages effectively, especially according to their target consumers' characteristics. Originality/value: In the view of the three-way interaction effects, this paper offers a new lens on understanding how advertisements influence consumers' behavioral outcomes, which could contribute to the advancement of advertisement theories.

20.
Journal of Food Safety and Quality ; 13(6):1974-1982, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2034537

ABSTRACT

Since the 1990s, food safety has caused widespread concern from all walks of life. According to the theory of bibliometrics and scientific knowledge map and knowledge mining method, this paper quantitatively analyzed and visualized 3024 food safety papers and 31032 references in the core collection of Web of Science (WoS) to explore their research status, topic evolution and development trend. The number of academic papers in the field of international food safety increased by 11 times during the past 31 years;the knowledge structure of this field consists of foodborne pathogenic bacteria, food safety cognition, public health and food safety management;its research topics showed an evolution from consumer behavior and food-borne diseases to food safety risk management, food safety governance, food traceability system, food testing, to food global value chain, heavy metal excess, pesticide residues, food safety culture, to blockchain technology, Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic, food fraud;food safety knowledge and willingness to pay premium, food contamination, aquatic seafood safety, vegetable safety, blockchain, COVID-19 represent the frontier trends, so as to provide references for academic research and government supervision in this field.

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