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1.
Trends in Sciences ; 20(1), 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206908

ABSTRACT

The current pandemic Covid-19 brought about by a newly emerged and highly infectious virus named as Sars-CoV-2 as a worldwide danger, has infected more than 600 million people and number of deaths are continuously rising day by day. Till date there are no medications accessible for treatment. All over the world scientists and researchers are involved in the study of this emerged virus and its lifecycle. Structures of proteins in the life cycle of virus has been revealed in RCSB PDB (Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics Protein Data Bank) by researchers. Citrus fruits are used to treat many distresses of humans. Literature survey shows that it has various activities. Our research work is meant to identify the phytoconstituents which are having phenolic composition and good antiviral and antioxidant properties from citrus fruits against Covid-19 proteins (spike binding domain with ACE2 receptor and spike binding domain with Main protease) and to know its in-silico molecular basis. In this study, about 25 compounds from citrus fruits which is having a good antiviral and antioxidant properties and also phenolic composition were employed for molecular docking analysis, molecular dynamic simulation studies and ADME studies. Based on present study 2 compounds from Citrus fruits acted well against the Covid-19 proteins. The MD simulations were employed to identify Hesperidin and Procyanidin B2 as hit compounds. Further ADME analysis were studied for top 2 compounds, these compounds can be further taken for in-vitro studies to know the effective activity against Covid-19. © 2023, Walailak University. All rights reserved.

2.
Drug Development and Registration ; 11(4):64-67, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206065

ABSTRACT

Introduction. COVID-19 is recognized as the most significant pandemic of the modern era. Studies have shown the potential benefits of taking ascorbic acid in the complex treatment of this disease, especially in people with vitamin C deficiency. One of the most popular and affordable sources of ascorbic acid in the diet are rosehip fruits. The quality of water extracts from plant raw materials depends on a number of technological factors. The study of the influence of the technological regime of the production of water extraction from rosehip fruits on the release of ascorbic acid in the obtained dosage forms is relevant. Aim. To obtain water extracts from rosehip fruits by various production modes and to study the effect of technological parameters on the content of ascorbic acid. Materials and methods. The object of the study was rosehip fruits in bundles and water extracts based on them, obtained in the 6 different ways. Pharmacopoeial techniques, manufacturers' recommendations, as well as thermos infusion with and without preheating of the thermos flask were used. For quantitative determination of the ascorbic acid in the obtained aqueous extracts, we used the pharmacopoeia method (titration with 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenolate sodium). Results and discussion. The lowest content of ascorbic acid was noted in the decoction according to the pharmacopoeia method. High levels of ascorbic acid content were noted in the variants of thermos infusion of rosehip fruits. Conclusion. We have obtained extemporal water extracts of rosehip fruits by the 6 different extraction modes. According to the content of ascorbic acid, the most effective method of obtaining extemporal water extraction of rosehip fruits is a six-hour thermos infusion with preheating of the thermos flask. The largest amount of ascorbic acid is released during a six-hour thermos infusion. In the twelve-hour thermos infusions, a decrease in the amount of ascorbic acid was found. It was found that preheating the thermos flask leads to an increase in the yield of ascorbic acid in aqueous extraction by 25 %. © 2022, Center of Pharmaceutical Analytics. All rights reserved.

3.
PLoS One ; 18(1), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2197141

ABSTRACT

Bangladesh is experiencing an increasing prevalence of diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Considering daily total requirement of 5 servings as minimum recommended amount, 95.7% of people do not consume adequate fruit or vegetables on an average day in the country. Imposition of lockdown during COVID-19 created disturbance in fresh fruits and vegetable production and their retailing. This incident can make these dietary products less affordable by stimulating price and trigger NCDs. However, little is known about the supply chain actors of healthy foods such as vegetables and fruits in urban areas, and how they were affected due to pandemic. Aiming toward the impact of COVID–19 on the business practices and outcomes for the vegetables and fruits retailers in Bangladesh, a survey of 1,319 retailers was conducted in two urban areas, namely Dhaka and Manikganj from September 2021 to October 2021. To comprehend the impact of COVID-19 on the profit margin of the retailers and on the percentage change in sales, a logistic and an Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression were estimated. Significant difference in the weekly business days and daily business operations was observed. The average daily sales were estimated to have a 42% reduction in comparison to pre-COVID level. The daily average profit margin on sales was reportedly reduced to 17% from an average level of 21% in the normal period. Nevertheless, this impact is estimated to be disproportionate to the product type and subject to business location. The probability of facing a reduction in profit margin is higher for the fruit sellers than the vegetable sellers. Contemplating the business location, the retailers in Manikganj (a small city) faced an average of 19 percentage points less reduction in their sales than those in Dhaka (a large city). Area-specific and product-specific intervention are required for minimizing the vulnerability of retailers of vegetables and fruits and ensuring smooth supply of fruits and vegetables and increasing their uptake to combat diet related NCD.

4.
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health ; 5(2):321-331, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2193751

ABSTRACT

Background‘Lockdowns' to control the spread of COVID-19 in the UK affected many aspects of life and may have adversely affected diets. We aimed to examine (1) the effect of lockdowns on fruit and vegetable consumption, as a proxy for healthy diets more generally, and on weight and well-being, (2) whether any subgroup was particularly affected and (3) the barriers and facilitators to a healthy diet in lockdown.MethodsWe conducted a mixed-method longitudinal study, involving an online survey of 1003 adults in the West Midlands, UK, 494 of whom were surveyed at two different points in time. Our first time point was during stringent COVID-19 lockdown and the second during a period of more relaxed restrictions. We asked quantitative questions about fruit and vegetable consumption;physical activity, sociodemographic characteristics, body mass index and well-being and qualitative questions about the reasons behind reported changes.ResultsWe find no evidence for decreased fruit and vegetable consumption during lockdown compared with afterwards. If anything, consumption increased by half a portion daily among women, particularly among those who normally have a long commute. This finding, combined with a significant increase in physical activity, suggests that behaviours were healthier during lockdown, consistent with higher self-reported health. However, well-being deteriorated markedly, and participants reported being heavier during the lockdown as well. Our qualitative data suggest that an abundance of resources (more time) supported higher fruit and vegetable consumption during lockdown, despite increased access issues.ConclusionsOur results may assuage concerns that lockdowns adversely affected diets. They may point to the impact of commuting on diet, particularly for women. We add longitudinal evidence to a growing body of literature on the adverse effect of lockdown on mental health.

5.
Journal of Nutritional Science ; 12, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2185270

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to develop the ASKFV-SE tool to measure self-efficacy (SE) towards requesting fruits and vegetables (FV) in the home and school environment with school-age children (grades 4–5) from urban, ethnically diverse, low-income households. Cognitive interviews reduced the tool from eleven items to seven. The 7-item questionnaire was tested with 444 children. The items loaded on two factors: home SE (four items) and school SE (two items) with one item was excluded (<0⋅40). The reduced 6-item, 2-factor structure was the best fit for the data (χ2 = 45⋅09;df = 9;CFI = 0⋅835;RMSEA = 0⋅147). Confirmatory factory analysis revealed that the 4-item home SE had high reliability (α = 0⋅73) and marginally acceptable reliability for the 2-item school SE (α = 0⋅53). The pre-COVID intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0⋅584 (P < 0⋅001;fair;n = 57) compared to 0⋅736 during-COVID (P < 0⋅001;good;n 50). The ASKFV-SE tool measures children's SE for asking for FVs with strong psychometric properties and low participant burden.

6.
2nd International Conference on Agriculture Digitalization and Organic Production, ADOP 2022 ; 331:3-13, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2173953

ABSTRACT

The paper considers the problems of exporting organic products from Russia. It has been shown that the product of wild plants is a positive direction of export growth. About a fifth of the area of all forests of the world is located in Russia. This determines the huge potential for developing non-timber forest products—wild berries, nuts, fruits, mushrooms, birch juice, etc. Consumer societies of Centrosoyuz carry out the main collection of organic products. However, only about 20–30% of the possible volumes are of commodity value. The COVID-19 pandemic increased the demand for organic products to restore natural immunity. This fact creates good prerequisites for developing Russian exports. It is necessary to develop a concept for promoting organic products in foreign markets—support measures, compensation of costs for certification, reduction of tariffs and elimination of non-tariff restrictions, development of infrastructure, and support for promotion in foreign markets. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

7.
American Behavioral Scientist ; : 1, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2162126

ABSTRACT

Community gardens are more popular than ever, yet we know little about how leadership structure and neighborhood characteristics relate to programming. Hence, this paper analyzes how the racial/ethnic backgrounds of the community garden leaders are related to the activities the garden undertakes. What types of initiatives do gardens undertake to reduce food insecurity? The paper analyzes how the location of the garden impacts what it does. The article presents novel findings on the impact of leadership and neighborhood characteristics on community garden operations and outcomes. Hence, the essay examines how the race/ethnicity of garden managers and their sex and neighborhood characteristics, such as poverty rate, household income, and racial composition, are related to garden initiatives. Finally, the paper examines how community gardens responded to increased demands for food and services during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic. We studied 53 community gardens in Michigan from the summer 2020 through the winter 2021. Whites manage 66% (35) of the gardens, while People of Color manage 34% (18). Roughly half of the gardens are managed by males and the remainder by females. The gardens, which lack paid staff, rely heavily on volunteers. Almost 53% of the gardens are in low-income census tracts (with median income of $40,000 or less). During the pandemic, 31% of the gardens reduced their staff, 51.4% had fewer volunteers than in pre-pandemic times, and 51.9% had increased amounts of people seeking food. [ FROM AUTHOR]

8.
Digital Threats: Research and Practice ; 3(3), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2162003

ABSTRACT

SwissCovid is the Swiss digital contact tracing app, which was deployed to help fighting against the COVID-19 pandemic. After a year of activity, it is high time to evaluate how effective it has been in its mission. At the highest peak, about 22% of the Swiss population was actively using SwissCovid. The activity of SwissCovid follows the curve on the number of COVID-19 cases. However, performances are rather poor. About 1% of the cases may have been discovered by SwissCovid and much less than 2% of SwissCovid alerts may have been useful, while SwissCovid generates 5% of the quarantines. The measure of the proximity of each encounter and its duration are also imprecise. It further comes with security and privacy issues: adversaries can inject false alerts for SwissCovid users and users can be tracked. On top of that, SwissCovid contributes to strengthen the monopoly of Apple and Google and to make users and their data captive of these giants. It also digs the digital divide. Contrarily to the original plan, the implementation is not open source and the law was twisted to fit the constraints by Apple and Google. Therefore, SwissCovid did not meet its goals. © 2022 Association for Computing Machinery.

9.
14th IEEE International Conference of Logistics and Supply Chain Management, LOGISTIQUA 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161466

ABSTRACT

This article examines the sustainability of the supply chain of fruits and vegetables (SCF V), in Meknes, Morocco, in relation with Covid-19 pandemic. Our methodology is based on a theoretical framework associated with the dimensions of sustainability (economic, social, environmental, territorial and health). We mobilize a database resulting from 121 surveys conducted among producers, distributors and consumers. To process the collected data, we have chosen the method of weighting the sub-indicators by maximizing scores from the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach and the method of weighting by arithmetic means. The results show that the overall durability of SCFV/Meknes has improved considerably, especially during the strict containment related to COVID-19. © 2022 IEEE.

10.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1107(1):012092, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2160862

ABSTRACT

The general objective of the research were to analyse the acceleration of economic recovery and food security of smalllholder farmer househols post the 2018 earthquake and COVID-19 pandemic era through empowering farmer groups of dry land horticulture agribusiness based. The specific objective was determining and analysing the effect of the Pentha-helix approach, sinergy among Higher Education Institution, Local Government, Agricultural Extension officer, Bank and private enterprise in empowering farmers. It's mission were Better Farming, Better Business and Better Living. It was the longitudinal action research by implementing Participatory Action Research. The data was recoded from farmers target groups and 60 smallholder farmers in three villages nearby the pilot project village. The cross classification between food expenditure and sufficiency of energy consumption was used to measure the degree of food security of household. It's concluded that developing agribusiness of upland horticulture has high potential for reinforcement of economic recovery of smalholder farmer's household post the 2018 earthquakes and during pandemic COVID-19 era. Implementing Triple Helix and Pentahelix approach have a possitive impact for strenghtening and recovering economy of smalholders farmers households. They were in enough food category which depicted by 85.50% degree of energy consumption. Food scurity based on distribution of household food need was in the category of low expenditure of food (less than 60%). Food scurity of household based on cross combination between the dergree of energy consumption and the proportion of food expenditure were 61% of them were resistance to food scurity, 30.85% of household were vulnerable of food scurity, and 6.20% of households were troubled of food scurity and 61.25% of them were lack of food. They realize that North Lombok region is a tourism destination, so that they have high instrinsik motivation for growing vegetable crops and seasonal fruits. Therefore, supplying high economic value of vegetables and fruits, quality insurance and friendly environment of vegetables and fruits are needed to be sustained through implementing the penta helix approch.

11.
Joint 5th International Conference on Applied Informatics Workshops, ICAIW 2022: 3rd International Workshop on Applied Artificial Intelligence, WAAI 2022, 4th International Workshop on Applied Informatics for Economy, Society, and Development, AIESD 2022, 5th International Workshop on Data Engineering and Analytics, WDEA 2022, 1st International Workshop on Intelligent Transportation Systems and Smart Mobility Technology, WITS 2022, 2nd International Workshop on Knowledge Management and Information Technologies, WKMIT 2022 and 1st International Workshop on Systems Modeling, WSSC 2022 ; 3282:240-258, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156683

ABSTRACT

During financial crises or other unexpected events, investors often seek to include lower-risk assets in their portfolios. Some assets are more sensitive than others to such phenomena. In the equities markets, adjustments tend to be made to the shareholdings of companies that are associated with a higher level of uncertainty. In this work, we explore the evolution of shareholder structure of various well-known companies in the technology sector during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. We model, as graphs, shareholder ownership data about twenty US-listed companies between 2020 and 2022. We use freely available tools to explore the bipartite interactions and generate a wide range of topologies that facilitate the identification of how shareholding structures have evolved during the pandemic. In addition, we study the role that some nodes play in the network topology and the process of change that is observed. Our findings include that (1) most investors reduced the amount invested in technology stocks during the pandemic and that these investments tended to bounce back in the post-pandemic era;(2) Vanguard Group, Inc., is the most influential investor in the network;(3) Apple has the highest market capitalization of all technology stocks for all quarters in this study, Microsoft Corp has a significantly lower market capitalization, but a significantly higher number of investors;and (4) While investors for Apple and Microsoft tend to be from London and New York, companies such as Oracle have investors from a variety of locations. © 2022 Copyright for this paper by its authors. Use permitted under Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

12.
2022 IEEE Symposium on Wireless Technology and Applications, ISWTA 2022 ; 2022-August:47-52, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2152485

ABSTRACT

The proposed system effectively controlled and monitored the water level of the dual tank system with efficient dry-run protection to prevent the motor from burning out and avoid wastage of electricity in case of no water. An Orange Pi was used to test its working and ability to control and monitor a real-Time system as no prior research is done on a dual water tank control system using Orangepi SBC. Due to COVID-19, millions of people's financial condition has worsened, which is why an initiative is taken to use the cheap board for making prototypes and moving towards PLCs after the desired outcomes. This research aims to provide a system at cheaper rates to handle large water tanks. This system is very efficient and valuable in dams, tanks, purifiers, and water containers. The proposed system also has dry run protection to avoid wastage of electricity in case of no water. The research is an advancement in automation in real-Time virtual monitoring and different water level control systems. This research makes life more comfortable because real-Time monitoring with a water control system reduces water wastage, leading to the complete modern solution of the problems. © 2022 IEEE.

13.
International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2135979

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This research aims to provide a predictive model assessment on the effect of information sharing on fresh produce supply chain (FPSC) performance during the COVID-19 pandemic by incorporating information quality as an important part of information sharing, as well as cognitive and affective appraisals as part of a social learning process (mediators) into the model. Design/methodology/approach: An online survey was conducted on 197 small fresh produce (fruits and vegetables) retailers in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) particularly PLSpredict supported by SmartPLS 4 software. Findings: This research reveals that information sharing is positively and significantly associated with information quality and that the two constructs are not directly associated with FPSC performance. The path analysis suggests that the effect of information sharing on FPSC performance is fully mediated by cognitive and affective appraisals to the information-sharing activity. It also suggests that the effect of information quality on FPSC performance is fully mediated by affective rather than cognitive appraisal. This model shows a high predictive power and highlights the pivotal role of the learning process during the COVID-19 pandemic. Originality/value: This research is the first to employ a predictive model assessment in PLS-SEM to empirically predict the effect of information sharing on FPSC performance using a social learning perspective, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

14.
ISTF2021 International Symposium on Tropical Fruits, Boosting tropical fruit production, consumption and market to enhance healthy diets and improve livelihoods ; 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2126067

ABSTRACT

Indonesia is a country with a very high diversity of bananas (Musa spp.). The diversity of bananas can be found in Indonesia ranging from wild to commercial ones. Banana research activities at Indonesian Tropical Fruit Research Institute (ITFRI) started with the Musa germplasm collection, comprising local cultivars from several regions in Indonesia in 1987. In 1995, ITFRI introduced several accessions of bananas and plantains from International Network for the Improvement of Banana and Plantain (INIBAP), and at about the same time Musa exploration activities intensively took place to collect both local cultivars and wild species in several main islands of Indonesia. In line with the collection of Musa genetic materials, cultivar development activities were also carried out, including the selection and evaluation of superior characters of local and introduced cultivars, and breeding programs to produce superior quality and disease-tolerant bananas. Some of the superior cultivars resulting from selection and hybridization that have been released were, Ketan-01, Kepok Tanjung, Raja Kinalun, INA-03, and Sang Mulyo. With the outbreak of the current COVID-19 pandemic, public awareness of fruit consumption, including bananas, has also increased. The availability of superior disease-tolerant and high-yielding cultivars such as Kepok Tanjung and Sang Mulyo will greatly assist the availability of domestic bananas.

15.
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation ; 46(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2136974

ABSTRACT

Fresh fruits and vegetables carry a heavy load of microorganisms which may cause the risks of food-borne illness to the consumer. Even after washing with water, there is a need for sanitization and disinfection to drop down a load of harmful microbes under the safe limit. Sanitizers and disinfectants are not only cost-effective but also nonhazardous and eco-friendly. Moreover, they should not hamper the organoleptic and nutritional properties of fresh produce. With rising demand for safe, nutritious, and fresh fruits and vegetables, many new disinfectants and treatments are commercially available. During this COVID-19 outbreak, knowledge of sanitizers and disinfectants for fresh fruits and vegetables is very important. This review focuses on working principles, applications, and related legislation of physical and chemical disinfection technologies (chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, organic acids, electrolyzed water, irradiation, ultrasound etc.) and their effectiveness for shelf-life extension of fresh produce.

16.
International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2107749

ABSTRACT

Purpose This research aims to provide a predictive model assessment on the effect of information sharing on fresh produce supply chain (FPSC) performance during the COVID-19 pandemic by incorporating information quality as an important part of information sharing, as well as cognitive and affective appraisals as part of a social learning process (mediators) into the model. Design/methodology/approach An online survey was conducted on 197 small fresh produce (fruits and vegetables) retailers in Indonesia during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data were analysed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) particularly PLSpredict supported by SmartPLS 4 software. Findings This research reveals that information sharing is positively and significantly associated with information quality and that the two constructs are not directly associated with FPSC performance. The path analysis suggests that the effect of information sharing on FPSC performance is fully mediated by cognitive and affective appraisals to the information-sharing activity. It also suggests that the effect of information quality on FPSC performance is fully mediated by affective rather than cognitive appraisal. This model shows a high predictive power and highlights the pivotal role of the learning process during the COVID-19 pandemic. Originality/value This research is the first to employ a predictive model assessment in PLS-SEM to empirically predict the effect of information sharing on FPSC performance using a social learning perspective, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.

17.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 44(10): 5028-5047, 2022 Oct 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2081994

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.1 is the most common variation found in most countries and is responsible for 99% of cases in the United States. To overcome this challenge, there is an urgent need to discover effective inhibitors to prevent the emerging BA.1 variant. Natural products, particularly flavonoids, have had widespread success in reducing COVID-19 prevalence. (2) Methods: In the ongoing study, fifteen compounds were annotated from Echium angustifolium and peach (Prunus persica), which were computationally analyzed using various in silico techniques. Molecular docking calculations were performed for the identified phytochemicals to investigate their efficacy. Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations over 200 ns followed by molecular mechanics Poisson-Boltzmann surface area calculations (MM/PBSA) were performed to estimate the binding energy. Bioactivity was also calculated for the best components in terms of drug likeness and drug score. (3) Results: The data obtained from the molecular docking study demonstrated that five compounds exhibited remarkable potency, with docking scores greater than -9.0 kcal/mol. Among them, compounds 1, 2 and 4 showed higher stability within the active site of Omicron BA.1, with ΔGbinding values of -49.02, -48.07, and -67.47 KJ/mol, respectively. These findings imply that the discovered phytoconstituents are promising in the search for anti-Omicron BA.1 drugs and should be investigated in future in vitro and in vivo research.

18.
J Food Biochem ; : e14472, 2022 Oct 14.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2078555

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic had a great impact on the mortality of older adults and, chronic non- transmissible diseases (CNTDs) patients, likely previous inflammaging condition that is common in these subjects. It is possible that functional foods could attenuate viral infection conditions such as SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), the causal agent of COVID-19 pandemic. Previous evidence suggested that some fruits consumed by Amazonian Diet from Pre-Colombian times could present relevant proprieties to decrease of COVID-19 complications such as oxidative-cytokine storm. In this narrative review we identified five potential Amazonian fruits: açai berry (Euterpe oleracea), camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), cocoa (Theobroma cacao), Brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa), and guaraná (Paullinia cupana). Data showed that these Amazonian fruits present antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and other immunomodulatory activities that could attenuate the impact of inflammaging states that potentially decrease the evolution of COVID-19 complications. The evidence compiled here supports the complementary experimental and clinical studies exploring these fruits as nutritional supplement during COVID-19 infection. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: These fruits, in their natural form, are often limited to their region, or exported to other places in the form of frozen pulp or powder. But there are already some companies producing food supplements in the form of capsules, in the form of oils and even functional foods enriched with these fruits. This practice is common in Brazil and tends to expand to the international market.

19.
Annals of Phytomedicine-an International Journal ; 10:S128-S140, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072568

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, a disease caused by SARS-COV-2 virus was the reason for the pandemic and loss of many lives. The virus transmission from human-to-human touch led to outbreaks of this disease. World health organization has recommended a list of precautionary measures to avoid the major infection of this virus. This list includes various medicinal plants, fruits and vegetables which can boost the immunity and help in reducing the risk of infection. Due to this COVID-19, the food habits of most of the people changed which led to shift towards healthier lifestyle. As most of the Indian population is vegetarian, so the health based plant food including wild plant sources have been explored extensively. The wild fruits like bael, aonla, jamun, rubus, aakhe, simul and many more have the antiviral properties and immune boosting properties which could be incorporated in our diet. The bioactive compounds like polyphenolics, flavonoids, tannins, phytosterols, vitamins, minerals, etc., present in above mentioned wild fruits can be utilized to have healthful benefits. As these functional components can help in reducing various diseases like asthma, bronchitis, cold, fever, flu, inflammatory diseases, cancer, cardiovascular diseases and ultimately boost up the immunity to cope up with COVID-19 illness.

20.
Annals of Phytomedicine-an International Journal ; 10:S111-S115, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072565

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 in 2019 followed by its new variants till now in 2021, made it more necessary to find more identify effective antiviral agents to be included in daily life to combat SARS-CoV-2 and support vaccines and their effect. Fruits are always considered good for health and many studies are trying to find the solution and different compounds with antiviral properties in fruits. Recently, many in vivo and docking studies found many phytochemical compounds effective against COVID-19. In this review, we tried to collect data from different studies. We found that fruits are most valuable gift with great healing property.

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