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1.
Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822050

ABSTRACT

Based on our national outpatient sentinel surveillance, we have developed a novel approach to determine respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) epidemic seasons in Germany by using RSV positivity rate and its lower limit of 95% confidence interval. This method was evaluated retrospectively on nine RSV seasons, and it is also well-suited to describe off-season circulation of RSV in near real time as observed for seasons 2020/21 and 2021/22 during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prospective application is of crucial importance to enable timely actions for health service delivery and prevention.

2.
Arzneimitteltherapie ; 40(4):110-117, 2022.
Article in German | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1820580

ABSTRACT

In Germany, a total of five SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are approved. This review does not cover the Nuvaxovid/Novovax vaccine. Side effects have been reported in 1.6/1000 vaccinations, severe side effects in 0.2/1000 vaccinations. Headache and fatigue frequently occurred also in the placebo arms (nocebo effect). An increased risk for myocarditis or pericarditis is discussed with mRNA-vaccines. After vector-based vaccines rarely a vaccine-induced immunogenic thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) with sinusthrombosis may occur, caused by platelet factor 4 antibodies. Intravenous immunoglobulins are effective. Possible neurologic vaccine complications include Bell`s palsy, plexopathies, Guillain-Barré syndrome, transverse myelitis, encephalitis and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.

3.
Jfr-Journal of Family Research ; 34(1):67-98, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1818918

ABSTRACT

Objective: This paper examines how participation in the short-time work scheme affected the gendered division of child care during the COVID-19 crisis in Germany. Background: Short-time work (Kurzarbeit) has been one of the main policies used to combat the economic and labour market repercussions of the coronavirus pandemic in Germany. We examine whether and, if so, how the growing prevalence of short-time work has affected care patterns. Method: We use data from the IAB-HOPP, a longitudinal study monitored by the German Institute for Employment Research (IAB). The analytical sample includes couples with children aged 12 and younger. We employ multinomial logistic regressions in which the outcome variable is the change in the division of care work from a period before to a period during the coronavirus crisis (June to October 2020). Results: We find that among men, receiving short-time work benefits resulted in more gender-equal care patterns. The positive effect of short-time work on the division of child care is moderated by the level of education. Fathers with low or medium education are more likely to increase their child care share when receiving short-time work benefits compared to fathers with high education. However, we also find that participating in the short-time work programme had no strong or significant effects on the gendered division of care among women. Conclusion: The evidence from this study suggests that men's working time is a major vehicle to change the gendered division of care in couple households.

4.
Jfr-Journal of Family Research ; 34(1):280-306, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1818910

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study examines gender and socioeconomic inequalities in parental psychological wellbeing (parenting stress and psychological distress) during the COVID19 pandemic in Germany. Background: The dramatic shift of childcare and schooling responsibility from formal institutions to private households during the pandemic has put families under enormous stress and raised concerns about caregivers' health and wellbeing. Despite the overwhelming media attention to families' wellbeing, to date limited research has examined parenting stress and parental psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in Germany. Method: We analyzed four waves of panel data (N= 1,771) from an opt-in online survey, which was conducted between March 2020 and April 2021. Multivariable OLS regressions were used to estimate variations in the pandemic's effects on parenting stress and psychological distress by various demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Results: Overall, levels of parenting stress and psychological distress increased during the pandemic. During the first and third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, mothers, parents with children younger than 11 years, parents with two or more children, parents working from home as well as parents with financial insecurity experienced higher parenting stress than other sociodemographic groups. Moreover, women, respondents with lower incomes, single parents, and parents with younger children experienced higher levels of psychological distress than other groups. Conclusion: Gender and socioeconomic inequalities in parents' psychological wellbeing increased among the study participants during the pandemic.

5.
Vaccines ; 10(3), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818217

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: Booster vaccinations for SARS-CoV-2 convalescents are essential for achieving herd immunity. For the first time, this study examined the influencing factors of vaccination willingness among SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals and identified vaccination-hesitant subgroups. (2) Methods: Individuals with positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR results were recruited by telephone. They completed an online questionnaire during their home isolation in Germany. This questionnaire assessed the vaccination willingness and its influencing factors. (3) Results: 224 home-isolated individuals with acute SARS-CoV-2 infection were included in the study. Vaccination willingness of home-isolated SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals with asymptomatic or moderate course was 54%. The following factors were associated with significantly lower vaccination willingness: younger age, foreign nationality, low income, low trust in vaccination effectiveness, fear of negative vaccination effects, low trust in the governmental pandemic management, low subjective informativeness about SARS-CoV-2, support of conspiracy theories. (4) Conclusions: The vaccination willingness of home-isolated SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals with asymptomatic or moderate symptomatic course was low. Motivational vaccination campaigns should be adapted to individuals with acute SARS-CoV-2 infection and consider the vaccination-hesitant groups. Vaccination education should be demand-driven, low-threshold, begin during the acute infection phase, and be guided for example by the established 5C model (“confidence, complacency, constraints, calculation, collective responsibility”).

6.
Oral ; 1(3):190, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1818186

ABSTRACT

Background: Nanoparticles such as multi-walled carbon nanotubes present resistance, resilience and biocompatibility with human tissues and could be incorporated into glass ionomer cement materials to improve their characteristics. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) incorporation on different glass ionomer cements’ compressive (σc) and diametral tensile strengths (σt). Methods: Eighty (80) specimens were divided into four groups (N = 20/gr) according to the glass ionomer cement type (conventional and high-viscosity) and the presence or absence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes. Samples were kept in water for 24 h prior to the tests. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (p = 0.05). Results: For both σc (p = 0.1739) and σt (p = 0.2183), the glass ionomer cements’ viscosity did not influence the results. The presence of MWCNTs decreased the mean compressive strength values (p = 0.0001) and increased the diametral tensile strength (p = 0.0059). For both conventional and high-viscosity glass ionomer cements, the compressive strength values were higher than the tensile strength data. Conclusions: Regardless of the cement viscosity, the multi-walled carbon nanotube incorporation reduced the compressive strength and increased the tensile strength values.

7.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(9), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818125

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has strained long-term care organization staff and placed new demands on them. This study examines the role of the general ability and power of a long-term care organization to act and react collectively as a social system, which is called systemic agency capacity, in safeguarding the provision of person-centered care during a crisis. The question of how the systemic agency capacity of long-term care organizations helps to ensure person-centered care during the pandemic is an open research question. We conducted a pooled cross-sectional study on long-term care organizations in Germany during the first and second waves of the pandemic (April 2020 and December 2020–January 2021). The sample consisted of 503 (first wave) and 294 leaders (second wave) of long-term care organizations. The top managers of these facilities were asked to report their perceptions of their facility’s agency capacity, measured by the AGIL scale, and the extent to which the facility provides person-centered care. We found a significant positive association between the leaders’ perceptions of systemic agency capacity and their perceptions of delivered person-centered care, which did not change over time. The results tentatively support the idea that fostering the systemic agency capacity of long-term care organizations facilitates their ability to provide quality routine care despite environmental shocks such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

8.
Biophysica ; 2(1):79, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1818049

ABSTRACT

In this work, we studied the effect of as on the interaction of membrane DPPC with the key antifibrotic drug pirfenidone. Liposomal forms of pirfenidone were obtained using passive loading. The addition of cholesterol reduces the loading efficiency of pirfenidone by 10%. The main binding site of pirfenidone in DPPC liposomes is the carbonyl group: the interaction with PF significantly increases the proportion of low-hydrated carbonyl groups as revealed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. The phosphate group acts as an additional binding site;however, due to shielding by the choline group, this interaction is weak. The hydrophobic part of the bilayer is not involved in PF binding at room temperature. Cholesterol changes the way of interaction between carbonyl groups and pirfenidone probably because of the formation of two subpopulations of DPPC and causes a dramatic redistribution of carbonyl groups onto the degrees of hydration. The proportion of moderately hydrated carbonyl groups increases, apparently due to the deepening of pirfenidone into the circumpolar region of the bilayer. For the first time, a change in the microenvironment of pirfenidone upon binding to liposomes was shown: aromatic moiety interacts with the bilayer.

9.
Adolescents ; 2(1):113, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1818036

ABSTRACT

Measures taken to contain the COVID-19 pandemic are particularly stressful for families. Limited data is available regarding the effects of a mandatory quarantine on the psychological stress of children, adolescents and their parents. Quarantined individuals participating in the online-based CoCo-Fakt study had at least one child <3, 3 to <6, 6 to <10, 10 to <14 and 14 to <16 years old (n = 2153). Parents were asked about how often their children felt nervous, anxious, or tense, down or depressed, lonely or physical reactions occur. A relative sum score characterizing psychosocial stress was determined and related to parents’ socio-demographic factors, psychosocial distress, coping strategies and resilience. Parents reported significantly higher psychological stress if at least one child was quarantined. Parents’ relative psychological stress sum score had the strongest influence on the psychological state of the children across all age groups (β = 0.315–0.457) besides male sex of the reporting parent, no partnership, low to medium socioeconomic status, lower resilience and coping scores, and parents quarantined as close contacts. The variance in the linear regression models was between 17.8% and 31.4%. These findings highlight that the entire family system must be considered during official mandatory quarantines.

10.
Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria: La Rivista della Salute Mentale ; 145(2):37-52, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1817910

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic crisis has caused, in addition to the serious effects on the health systems, a sharp slowdown in the Italian and European economy, mainly weighing on the weakest sections of the population with a worrying increase in economic and social inequalities. Using a multidisciplinary approach, this study focuses on the link between socio-economic fragility and epidemic exposure to Covid-19 in Italy and Europe, with a triple objective: to monitor the main dimensions of increased inequalities within the economy and society through an academic literature review;to empirically understand the reasons for national differences in the spread and lethality of the Covid-19 virus at European level;to provide, on the basis of the results obtained in pursuing the previous two objectives, a key to understanding the main public policies for a healthier, more inclusive and sustainable Italy and Europe. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Italian) La crisi pandemica da Covid-19 ha determinato, oltre ai gravi effetti sul piano sanitario, un forte rallentamento dell'economia italiana ed europea, pesando principalmente sulle fasce piu deboli della popolazione con un preoccupante aumento delle disuguaglianze economico-sociali. Mediante un approccio multidisciplinare, questo studio si concentra sul collegamento tra la fragilita socio-economica e l'esposizione epidemica al Covid-19 in Italia ed Europa, con un triplice obiettivo: monitorare le principali dimensioni delle accresciute disuguaglianze all'interno dell'economia e della societa mediante un'analisi della letteratura scientifica;comprendere empiricamente le ragioni delle differenze nazionali nella diffusione e letalita del virus da Covid-19 a livello europeo;fornire, sulla base dei risultati ottenuti nel perseguimento dei precedenti due obiettivi, una chiave di lettura delle principali politiche pubbliche per un'Italia ed un'Europa piu sane, inclusive e sostenibili. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

11.
Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology ; 18(SUPPL 1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1817257

ABSTRACT

Background: Multiple factors (age, male sex, lymphopenia, co-morbidities) are associated with the severity of Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Evidence of circulating autoantibodies [1] and neutrophil extracellular trap (NETs) [2] during acute phase of the infection indicate a possible autoimmune pathomechanism. We investigated if autoimmune markers in critically ill COVID-19 patients predict fatality Methods: In a single-center, prospective, multiple time-point observational study with mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients, blood and endotracheal aspirates (ETA) were collected at the time of intubation, at worsening (and/or 7 days), and at extubation. Seventeen common autoantibodies associated with clinical pathologies, and anti- DFS70 (dense fine speckled 70, an exclusion marker for rheumatologic disease), were detected using anti-nuclear/extra-nuclear antibody line immunoassay (IMTEC-ANA-LIA XL, Human Diagnostics, Germany). Results: Of our interim analysis with 22 patients who completed the study, 10 had a fatal outcome (45%). Demographics/clinical parameters were unremarkable between survivor and fatal sub-groups. At 1:100 titer, 68% (15) patients had > 2 circulating autoreactivities on the ANA panel. Mortality was associated with increased dsDNA and NETs in serum and endotracheal aspirates, and low levels of circulating T-regulatory cells (P<0.05). However, presence of anti-DFS70 predicted good outcome (Odd ratio:41.3, P = 0.04) irrespective of other autoreactivities (Kaplan Meier, Log-rank test, P = 0.003). Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze markers of autoimmunity in ventilated patients to predict mortality. The data provides a strong rationale to develop anti-DFS70 as a biomarker as well as investigate their protective mechanism against an autoimmune pathology.

12.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1):846, 2022.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-1817209

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vaccination against COVID-19 has been available in Germany since December 2020. However, about 30% of the population report not wanting to be vaccinated. In order to increase the willingness of the population to get vaccinated, data on the acceptance of vaccination and its influencing factors are necessary. Little is known about why individuals refuse the COVID-19 vaccination. The aim of this study was to investigate the reasons leading to rejecting vaccination, based on posts from three social media sites. METHODS: The German-language versions of Instagram, Twitter and YouTube were searched regarding negative attitudes towards COVID-19 vaccination. Data was extracted until a saturation effect could be observed. The data included posts created from January 20, 2020 to May 2, 2021. This time frame roughly covers the period from the first reports of the spread of SARS-CoV-2 up to the general availability of vaccines against COVID-19 in Germany. We used an interpretive thematic approach to analyze the data and to inductively generate codes, subcategories and categories. RESULTS: Based on 333 posts written by 323 contributing users, we identified six main categories of reasons for refusing a COVID-19 vaccination: Low perceived benefit of vaccination, low perceived risk of contracting COVID-19, health concerns, lack of information, systemic mistrust and spiritual or religious reasons. The analysis reveals a lack of information among users and the spread of misinformation with regard to COVID-19 and vaccination. Users feel inadequately informed about vaccination or do not understand the information available. These information gaps may be related to information not being sufficiently sensitive to the needs of the target group. In addition to limited information for the general population, misinformation on the internet can also be an important reason for refusing vaccination. CONCLUSIONS: The study emphasizes the relevance of providing trustworthy and quality-assured information on COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination to all population groups. In addition, vaccinations should be easily accessible in order to promote the population's willingness to be vaccinated.

13.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816914

ABSTRACT

We sought to determine parameters of the acute phase response, a feature of innate immunity activated by infectious noxae and cancer, deranged by Covid-19 and establish oncological indices' prognostic potential for patients with concomitant cancer and Covid-19. Between 27/02 and 23/06/2020, OnCovid retrospectively accrued 1,318 consecutive referrals of patients with cancer and Covid-19 aged 18 from the U.K., Spain, Italy, Belgium, and Germany. Patients with myeloma, leukemia, or insufficient data were excluded. The neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), and prognostic index (PI) were evaluated for their prognostic potential, with the NLR, PLR, and PNI risk stratifications dichotomized around median values and the pre-established risk categorizations from literature utilized for the mGPS and PI. 1,071 eligible patients were randomly assorted into a training set (TS, n=529) and validation set (VS, n=542) matched for age (67.9±13.3 TS, 68.5±13.5 VS), presence of 1 comorbidity (52.1% TS, 49.8% VS), development of 1 Covid-19 complication (27% TS, 25.9% VS), and active malignancy at Covid-19 diagnosis (66.7% TS, 61.6% VS). Among all 1,071 patients, deceased patients tended to categorize into poor risk groups for the NLR, PNI, mGPS, and PI (P<0.0001) with a return to pre-Covid-19 diagnosis NLR, PNI, and mGPS categorizations following recovery (P<0.01). In the TS, higher mortality rates were associated with NLR>6 (44.6% vs 28%, P<0.0001), PNI<40 (46.6% vs 20.9%, P<0.0001), mGPS (50.6% for mGPS2 vs 30.4% and 11.4% for mGPS1 and 0, P<0.0001), and PI (50% for PI2 vs 40% for PI1 and 9.1% for PI0, P<0.0001). Findings were confirmed in the VS (P<0.001 for all comparisons). Patients in poor risk categories had shorter median overall survival [OS], (NLR>6 30 days 95%CI 1-63, PNI<40 23 days 95%CI 10-35, mGPS2 20 days 95%CI 8-32, PI2 23 days 95%CI 1-56) compared to patients in good risk categories, for whom median OS was not reached (P<0.001 for all comparisons). The PLR was not associated with survival. Analyses of survival in the VS confirmed the NLR (P<0.0001), PNI (P<0.0001), PI (P<0.01), and mGPS (P<0.001) as predictors of survival. In a multivariable Cox regression model including all inflammatory indices and pre-established prognostic factors for severe Covid-19 including sex, age, comorbid burden, malignancy status, and receipt of anti-cancer therapy at Covid-19 diagnosis, the PNI was the only factor to emerge with a significant hazard ratio [HR] in both TS and VS analysis (TS HR 1.97, 95%CI 1.19-3.26, P=0.008;VS HR 2.48, 95%CI 1.47- 4.20, P=0.001). We conclude that systemic inflammation drives mortality from Covid-19 through hypoalbuminemia and lymphocytopenia as measured by the PNI and propose the PNI as the OnCovid Inflammatory Score (OIS) in this context.

14.
Respirology ; 27(SUPPL 1):15, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816628

ABSTRACT

Introduction/Aim: In March 2020, the Federal government announced restrictions related to the SARS-CoV-2 Global pandemic. These restrictions significantly reduced face-to-face clinics and numbers of patients coming to our tertiary paediatric laboratory for testing. Switch to telehealth platforms removed the ability for objective measurements at the time of review for important patient cohorts such as severe Asthma and Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Home spirometers were introduced but quality assurance around these devices was unknown, so we aimed to investigate agreement between these devices and existing laboratory equipment. Methods: At the time of a single face-to-face review, with the same respiratory scientist, in random order, patients performed spirometry with both home spirometers (Spirohome Personal, Infolab, Ultrasonic flow metrebased, Turkey) and laboratory equipment (Vyaire Body Box™, Ultrasonic flow metre-based, or Vyaire Pneumotachograh™, Pneumotach flow metre-based;Germany). Agreement was assessed using paired t-tests and Bland-Altman (data not shown) as an entire cohort, and as separate CF and Asthma subgroups. Results: Forty-three subjects recruited including 27 CF and 16 Asthma. Mean (SD;range) age was 13.9 (2.76;7.4-18.2) years for the entire cohort. Mean (SD) difference [defined as Vyaire-Spirohome] in FEV1 was 0.025(0.077)L (p = 0.04) and FVC 0.034(0.097)L (p = 0.002). Corresponding percent differences were 1.0 (3.30)% and 1.20(3.50)%. On examining the subgroups, differences were statistically significant for CF but not asthmatic subjects: CF subgroup age 13.5(3.05;7.4-18.0) years, FEV1 difference 0.040(0.069)L (p = 0.005) and FVC difference 0.052(0.097)L (p = 0.01);Asthma subgroup age 14.6 (2.11;11.3-18.2) years, FEV1 difference 0.001 (0.086)L (p = 0.98) and FVC difference 0.005 L (0.092) (p = 0.83). Corresponding percent differences were 1.6 (3.2)% and 1.7(3.3)% for CF and - 0.0(3.4)% and 0.2(3.7)% for asthma. Conclusion: Strong agreement was observed between the home and laboratory devices. Differences although statistically significant for the CF group, are within the accepted within-session test repeatability for spirometry indices.

15.
Foresight : the Journal of Futures Studies, Strategic Thinking and Policy ; 24(3/4):297-300, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1816397

ABSTRACT

[...]the major competitive advantage for firms that function better during the pandemic is innovation. [...]it's critical to comprehend how organizations responded to uncertainty through innovation. [...]it gave an awareness of the changes in present company processes as a result of the pandemic. According to the study's conclusions, SMEs must be creative, forward-thinking and transformative to capitalise on regional and worldwide market opportunities following the COVID-19 pandemic.

16.
Cogent Education ; 8(1), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1815732

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant changes around the world, including changes in education. Almost immediately after school closures were imposed in March 2020 and students in many cases had to take digital distance learning classes, educational researchers clearly pointed out that this could contribute to a worsening of existing social inequalities in education. How has this research knowledge been publicly received? This question was investigated with a discourse study framed in terms of innovation theory which analyzed a total of 88 texts from three German Internet platforms covering the period between March and September 2020. The results show that with regard to the consideration of social inequality, two barely connected worlds exist (one in research, one in the professional public). In the professional public discourse, research knowledge plays a subordinate role at best. Moreover, in the public discourse two strands of discourse are found that are also not intertwined. The results are discussed in terms of their significance for trust in educational institutions, the care and maintenance of which is a relevant topic for educational policy and management, particularly in times of disruptive changes in educational practice.

17.
Technology, Mind, and Behavior ; 3(2):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1815498

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and its accompanying restrictive measures have led to a sudden digitalization of all areas of work and to many knowledge workers now working entirely from home. Especially, the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) has been associated with negative outcomes such as technology overload. Interacting with technology is dynamic and employees often have to face negative ICT events that are related to the technology's characteristics (e.g., system reliability). In this preregistered study, we aimed to link ICT events with employees' technology overload during a phase of intensive telework. In a daily diary study over the course of 2 weeks, we investigated how ICT events impact technology overload. Additionally, we explored how technology overload as well as professional isolation due to current pandemic-related restrictions impacts employee strain. Multilevel regression modeling was used to explore the described relationships. ICT events were a significant predictor of technology overload and a significant interaction effect of objective technology expertise was found. Technology overload further impacts ICT-related strain. No significant effects were found regarding professional isolation. Gaining a better understanding of the relationship between ICT events, technology overload, and technology expertise during a phase of extensive telework will help to develop training and support for employees to improve their interaction with virtual communication systems during times of social distancing and beyond. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology ; 37(2):67-83, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1813030

ABSTRACT

The goals of the current comparative and half-exploratory paper are to: 1) shed light on the properties of the relatively "new" construct, Heavy-Work Investment (HWI) and its two dimensions-Time Commitment and Work Intensity, (2) assess differences across 9 countries in relation to HWI, (3) gauge the effect of demographical parameters on HWI, and (4) investigate the interaction between them and COVID-19's pandemic (i.e., before COVID-19, and during the COVID-19 pandemic). Data of 3,418 employees were collected from 9 different countries: Israel, Romania, Japan, USA, Pakistan, Italy, Turkey, Brazil, and Germany. Among other findings, analyses revealed that HWI construct is stable across countries and that the mean investment at work (in the form of both time and efforts) is higher during the COVID-19's pandemic than before it. Discussion section summarizes the findings of the entire research, and elaborates on limitations and future research suggestions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Los objetivos de este estudio comparativo y semiexploratorio son: 1) arrojar luz sobre las caracteristicas del constructo relativamente "nuevo" inversion en trabajo duro (ITD) y sus dos dimensiones (compromiso temporal e intensidad del trabajo), 2) ver las diferencias en 9 paises relativas a la ITD, 3) analizar el efecto de los parametros demograficos en la ITD y 4) comprobar la interaccion entre ellos y la pandemia del COVID-19 (es decir, antes y durante el mismo). Se recogieron datos de 3,418 empleados de 9 paises diferentes: Israel, Rumania, Japon, EE UU, Paquistan, Italia, Turquia, Brasil y Alemania. Los analisis revelaron, entre otros resultados, que el constructo de ITD es estable en los distintos paises y que la inversion media en el trabajo (en tiempo y esfuerzo) es mayor durante la pandemia del COVID-19 que antes de la misma. En la seccion de Discusion se resumen los resultados de toda la investigacion y se abordan las limitaciones y las propuestas de investigacion futura. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

19.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(4):13696-13706, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1812800

ABSTRACT

The study first interpreted all the data from the alpha to the delta strain. Then comparative data characterized the omicron of the coronavirus strain. Omicron, the SARS-CoV-2 variant responsible for a cluster of cases in South Africa and that is now spreading around the world, is the most heavily mutated variant to emerge so far and carries mutations similar to changes seen in previous variants of concern associated with enhanced transmissibility and partial resistance to vaccine induced immunity. Daily case numbers in South Africa had been fairly low but then rose rapidly from 273 on 16 November to more than 1200 by 25 November, more than 80% of which were in the northern province of Gauteng, where the first cases were seen. Europe's first case of the variant was confirmed in Belgium on 26 November in a person who tested positive for covid-19 on 22 November. By 29 November cases had been reported in the Netherlands, France, Germany, Portugal, and Italy. The UK had recorded nine cases by the morning of 29 November, six of them in Scotland. Elsewhere in the world cases have been reported in Botswana, Hong Kong, Canada, and Australia, which has had extremely tight border controls through the pandemic.

20.
Sustainability ; 14(8):4748, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1810164

ABSTRACT

Several biosafety gaps in agri-food sectors have become evident in recent years. Many of them are related to the global livestock systems and the organizational models involved in their management and organization. For example, producing pigs requires a global system of massive confinement and specific technological innovations related to animal production and health that involve broad technical and scientific structures, which are required to generate specific knowledge for successful management. This suggests the need for an underlying socially agglomerated technological ecosystem relevant for these issues. So, we propose the analysis of a specialized scientific social structure in terms of the knowledge and technologies required for pig production and health. The objective of this work is to characterize structural patterns in the research of the swine health sector worldwide. We use a mixed methodological approach, based on a social network approach, and obtained scientific information from 4868 specialized research works on health and pig production generated between 2010 to 2018, from 47 countries. It was possible to analyze swine research dynamics, such as convergence and influence, at country and regional levels, and identify differentiated behaviors and high centralization in scientific communities that have a worldwide impact in terms of achievements but also result in significant omissions.

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