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1.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management ; 17(8):146-168, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2040705

ABSTRACT

At the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Malaysian government took precautionary action to minimise the spread of the coronavirus with the implementation of the Movement Control Order. This move led to employees in non-essential sectors, including the construction sector, being required to work from home. This study aims to investigate the challenges of working from home and the mitigation actions to overcome the challenges from the perspective of quantity surveyors. A questionnaire survey was used for the data collection exercise. The responses of 360 participants were recorded and analysed. The data collected were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software using the frequencies, percentage and mean analysis. Cronbach’s alpha was used to measure the reliability of the questionnaire survey. The study found 11 working-from-home challenges from a quantity surveyors’ perspective, with overworking as the main challenge. Furthermore, 10 mitigation actions to overcome the challenges were discovered. Creating a dedicated workspace ranked first on the list. This study could provide insights into identifying the challenges and the mitigation actions to overcome said challenges. It would be beneficial for relevant stakeholders to look into these concerns and acknowledge them accordingly. This is also in line with the Sustainable Development Goal 8, which promotes a sustainable future for all, inclusive of economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work. © Penerbit UMT

2.
J Bus Ethics ; : 1-25, 2021 Jun 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2035108

ABSTRACT

In light of grand societal challenges, most recently the global Covid-19 pandemic, there is a call for research on responsible leadership. While significant advances have been made in recent years towards a better understanding of the concept, a gap exists in the understanding of responsible leadership in emerging countries, specifically how leaders resolve prevalent moral dilemmas. Following Werhane (1999), we use moral imagination as an analytical approach to analyze a dilemmatic stakeholder conflict (between indigenous communities in rural India and an emerging market multinational enterprise headquartered in the same country) through the lense of different responsible leadership mindsets and in light of different ethical principles and moral background theories. Based on this analysis, we arrive at a tentative moral judgement, concluding that the instrumental approach is morally inferior and recommending the integrative approach as the morally superior choice. In the subsequent discussion-focussed on what "could" (instead of "should") be done, we apply the integrative script and use moral imagination as a pathway for generating morally justifiable solutions. Through this analysis, we provide novel insights on how to apply an integrative responsible leadership approach to a stakeholder conflict situation, using the single case study to expand the responsible leadership discussion to emerging markets.

3.
International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2032222

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aims to provide the current and future state of United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the higher education institutions (HEIs). Since the SDGs' proliferation, HEIs have played a crucial part in meeting the goals. Despite the central role of HEIs in accomplishing the SDGs, there has been little attention in providing a comprehensive overview of the SDGs in relation to HEIs. Design/methodology/approach A total of 280 publications in the Web of Science database were analyzed through a bibliometric approach consisting of citation analysis, co-citation analysis and co-occurrence of keywords analysis. This review explores the current state of SDGs, its central themes of research streams and predicts future direction in the context of HEIs. Findings The findings would assist stakeholders to strategize the SDGs on HEIs, including the government and policymakers, university top management, benefactors and academics. Three main research streams were observed sustainable curriculum;challenges and barriers of SDGs;and COVID-19 and health management. Research limitations/implications Implications suggest that to achieve the stipulated goals in the SDGs, proper planning and strategy should be aligned proportionate to the national agenda. Originality/value This paper presents a novel knowledge structure by mapping the most relevant SDGs in the context of HEIs based on bibliometric analysis.

4.
10th World Construction Symposium, WCS 2022 ; : 162-172, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030613

ABSTRACT

As one of the economic stabilisers in Sri Lanka, the construction industry is affected severely due to the Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Unbalance of the Iron-triangle which refers to key Construction Project Goals (CPG) (i.e., time, cost, and quality) is one of the phenomena that can be addressed while Sustainable Development (SD) (i.e., economic, social, and environmental sustainability) has been streamlined to worse condition. Even though, sustainability must be prioritised in developing countries e.g., Sri Lanka, where significant construction works are currently underway, especially during this situation. Further, the appropriate construction and implementation in a construction project can make a dramatic contribution to the mandate of sustainable development. Hence, this research intends to investigate how the Iron triangle would be unbalanced during the new-normal situation where it has a significant impact on SD simultaneously. A qualitative survey strategy was used to achieve the research aim. A semi-structured interview survey was conducted to solicit the perception of experts. Nine experts were selected purposively, who had experience in both Sustainable Construction (SC) and project management, especially proceedings during the new-normal condition. To analyse the empirical data, the manual content analysis method was used. As the decisive outcome, the ‘Iron-star’ model was developed by merging the Sustainable triangle and Iron-triangle which pertained to the interrelation between SD and Construction Project Goals (CPG). Initially, interrelations between SD measures and CPG were cogitated by literature findings. Economic depletion, health-related issues, supply chain disruption, and cash flow issues were identified as interventions to achieve CPG through SD measures. Further, it revealed that the Iron-star can implement as the way forward for the construction industry in the Sri Lankan (SL) context. © 2022, Ceylon Institute of Builders. All rights reserved.

5.
Dental Nursing ; 18(9):446-447, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2030354

ABSTRACT

In this article, author considered how biodegradable and more eco-friendly products have minimal environmental impact, creating safer dentistry for all.

6.
Sustainability ; 14(16):10304, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024153

ABSTRACT

The poor in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are in a worse predicament than their counterparts in other regions. The goal of this study was to establish the key drivers of poverty in SSA by looking at how economic variables affect growth and poverty. Data from ten SSA nations—upper-middle-income countries (UMIC), lower-middle-income countries (LMIC), and low-income countries (LIC)—were analyzed based on historical values from 2015 to 2019. From the six economic variables studied, the best model reveals that 78% of the differences in poverty can be accounted for using a methodical, statistical approach. Poverty and unemployment rates have a substantial positive relationship (p = 0.001662). The gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate and poverty have a slight link, which is significant at the 10% level (p = 0.067) but is not a significant contributor to poverty alleviation. The secondary school enrolment rate has no bearing on poverty variation (p = 0.33). Increased GDP does not necessarily correspond to poverty reduction. Unemployment, on the other hand, is a major contributor to poverty in the region. Moreover, education (secondary school ennoblement) plays a less important role in reducing poverty, whereas per capita personal consumer spending and GDP growth rate have a bigger impact on poverty reduction. The proposed theoretical and numerical model works on general indicators and trends;it does not guarantee that people in the UMIC, LMIC, and LIC countries may not fall below the international poverty line ($1.90 per day). The poverty rates are predicted to climb by more than 2% by 2030, postponing poverty elimination in the SSA region by almost five years. This signifies that more than half of the SSA population will remain poor.

7.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(17):11131, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023725

ABSTRACT

The importance of sustainability in supply chain management is growing worldwide. It is possible to find reasons for this using various phenomena that negatively affect humanity, e.g., climate change, scarce materials, supply disruptions, and complex fossil fuel dependency. Because of that, is extremely important to constantly look for new ways to systematically increase sustainability in enterprises and their logistics and supply chain processes by considering different stakeholders and influential factors. Therefore, this paper explores how different types of organizational culture and normative commitment impact sustainability and each other in business logistics and supply chains and develops a conceptual model to manage this challenge. Gaining new insights is valuable especially for managers to obtain better information on how to improve sustainability not just by integrating green technologies but mainly by changing culture, attitude, and perception in their enterprises. The research is focused on employees from global logistics or related branches in micro, small, medium, and large enterprises with the primary activity mostly related to manufacturing, transport, and storage. The findings are based on the questionnaire which was sent directly to 1576 employees from 528 enterprises. A total of 516 employees from enterprises that are mostly located in 34 countries responded to requests for participation. The results reveal statistically significant positive and negative impacts, e.g., clan culture has a positive statistically significant impact on the sustainable development of supply chains. Most of the connections to the eighth Sustainable Development Goal by the United Nations (decent work and economic growth) were also found, which was the enterprise’s highest priority with a share of 52.99%. A contribution to the theory development is gained using the developed model that considers both positive and negative statistically significant impacts studied.

8.
Healthcare ; 10(8):1420, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023373

ABSTRACT

Environmental awareness of the ecological problems caused by this climate crisis and its impact on global health has been growing globally. Nurses are health care agents that usually hurt the environment and contribute to the unsustainability of the care system. Such behavior is perpetuated without the nurses’ awareness and is even magnified by the current pandemic, jeopardizing the health systems and the Sustainable Development Goals. However, there is no Spanish version of any survey that measures the awareness of these agents, only the Nurses Environmental Awareness Tool (NEAT) is available. The current research presents a unique investigation based on a mixed method, using the Spanish version of the NEAT, also called NEAT-es. The results of the mixed analysis (N = 376), a cognitive interview, and descriptive analysis indicated perfect consistency (Cronbach’s alpha > 0.80), better than the original. The survey validation achieved higher values and can be used to measure environmental awareness in Spain and Spanish-speaking countries.

9.
Foods ; 11(16):2513, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023327

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop a biodegradable container made of pork gelatin. Gelatin was extracted from pork skin by hot water at 80 °C, and containers were prepared by adding eggshell powder (20%) as a pore agent, and walnut powder (0.08 wt%;PEW1, 0.14 wt%;PEW2) to improve hardness. The blends were molded for each experiment and dried at 30 °C for 24 h, at 40 °C for 16 h, and at 121 °C for 16 h. The containers were analyzed with respect to morphological (SEM;scanning electron microscope), mechanical (tensile strain and stress), and thermal (DSA;differential scanning calorimetry and TGA;thermogravimetric analysis) properties, as well as biodegradability. SEM investigation showed a smoother surface for PEW1 than for PEW2. The tensile stress of PEW2 (37.86 MPa) was significantly higher than that of PEW1 (28.40 MPa), and the melting enthalpies were 137.60 J/g (PEW1) and 309.60 J/g (PEW2). TGA showed similar properties, but PEW2 contained more lignin;therefore, its decomposition temperature was higher. The PEW1 and PEW2 containers were completely biodegraded after approximately 7 and 11 weeks, respectively. Walnut shell powder increased the hardness, but slowed the biodegradation process. The applications of this biodegradable container are short-lived products such as food packaging.

10.
Applied Sciences ; 12(16):8315, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023102

ABSTRACT

Featured ApplicationPotential application in innovations and management sciences, strategy for sustainable development.Combating chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats with novel solutions reduces disasters and accident risks and, at the same time, aids sustainability. This research aims to identify the innovations in combating CBRN threats and verify how they fall within the scope of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The study relies on mixed-method research, including bibliometrics and text-mining used to identify clusters, most frequent words, and codes. The material for the research was 156 publications from the Scopus database from 2017 to April 2022. From the analytical process, textual data served as the indicators of the innovations’ directions driven by SDGs. The research results indicated that innovations for combating CBRN threats support sustainability mainly in health and environmental areas, specifically in: SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being;SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation;SDG 14: Life Below Water;SDG 15: Life On Land. The research contributes to the landscape of innovations serving sustainable development. Further studies may focus on narrower perspectives, such as environmental protection and health innovations. There can also be concerns about the dark side of CBRN innovations and technologies of dual use.

11.
Frontiers in Psychology ; 13, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2022880

ABSTRACT

Unlike environmental sustainability, social sustainability in the workplace is a relatively new concept that is still searching for its own definition and explanation. Therefore, in this paper, we systematically reviewed and critically evaluated recent research on this topic. In doing so, we identified important constructs that help us better define and understand the phenomenon of social sustainability in the workplace. We focused on articles from 2016 to 2022 with content related to three Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), namely health and wellbeing (SDG-3), gender equality (SDG-5), and decent work (SDG-8). Given the harrowing events of the past 2 years, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic and the global impact of the war in Ukraine, we also wanted to learn whether other categories, such as security (SDG-11) and peace (SDG-16), are embedded in the concept of social sustainability at work. The articles we studied were found through EBSCOhost, specifically in the Academic Search Complete, Business Source Premier, APA PsycInfo, SocINDEX with Full Text, and GreenFILE databases. We selected 67 articles and organized them according to the four levels of research and practice in work and organizational psychology. In reviewing the literature, we identified several constructs that can be classified at four levels of interest in work and organizational psychology. At the level focused on the job/work, we identified two main topics: (i) sustainable job/work characteristics and (ii) sustainable job (re)design. At the people-focused level, we identified the following topics: (i) pro-sustainable self-system, (ii) pro-sustainable job attitudes and motivation, (iii) sustainability work environment perceptions and other mediating mechanisms, and (iv) sustainable job behavior. The organization-focused level includes (i) organizations as human systems and (ii) pro-sustainable organizational policies and practices. The last (society-focused) level is defined by two main topics: (i) understanding society as a human system and (ii) pro-social mechanisms. In the discussion, we categorized specific constructs identified within the described focus levels into the theoretical model describing the psychological concept of social sustainability in the workplace from the perspective of sustainable goals.

12.
Nordic Journal of Nursing Research ; 42(3):117-122, 2022.
Article in English | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-2020804

ABSTRACT

In this article, we describe and critically reflect on how the PEPPA framework, a Participatory Evidence-based Patient-focused Process for Advanced Practice Nursing, was used to develop a new model of care including the nurse practitioner (NP) role in an emergency department in Norway, where the role is in its infancy. While there is limited earlier research on the applicability of the PEPPA framework, it was here found to be useful. Supported by the framework, we mapped the current model of care, identified stakeholders and participants, determined the need for a new model of care, identified priority problems and goals, and defined the new model of care and the NP role. The PEPPA framework is recommended to develop new models of care including the NP role. Nonetheless, the process has not been straightforward. It is noted that to communicate and establish the new role in a setting as demanding as an emergency department takes time. Support from the management team is essential to succeed in developing and establishing new models of care and new nursing roles, such as the nurse practitioner role.

13.
52nd International Simulation and Gaming Association Conference, ISAGA 2021 ; 13219 LNCS:124-133, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2013905

ABSTRACT

As part of a Dutch Science Foundation project called T-TRIPP, the authors developed the serious game Cards for Biosafety. The aim of Cards for Biosafety is to let young biotechnology researchers learn more about biosafety. Analyses of workshops with researchers from the biotechnology domain as well as results of interviews with several biosafety officers clearly indicated the need for such a serious game with a focus on educational learning. Cards for Biosafety is a physical (also playable online on Tabletopia) round-based card game and playable with up to eight players. The game itself consists of scenario, risk and measure cards, and the task of the players is to choose risk and measure cards that fit the scenario explained by the facilitator at the beginning of each round. To test the efficiency of Cards for Biosafety as a learning tool, the authors conducted two online-workshops with twelve participants. The results of these sessions have not only shown that Cards for Biosafety is a well-designed game, but also a successful game to achieve the intended learning goal. In addition, the authors recognized that ‘fun’ is an important element in the game which leads to ‘learning’ in a very effective way. Future research should focus on the role of such positive states in serious games and their influence on learning outcomes. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

14.
COVID-19 and its Reflection on SMEs in Developing Countries ; : 41-58, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2011185

ABSTRACT

The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has taken the entire global economy into uncertainty and the state of affairs in India is also one and the same. The pandemic crisis has adversely affected all sections of the economy in general and Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in particular. The MSME sector is the nerve centre of all major economies in the world and it plays a vital role in the economic progress of developing countries. It generates huge employment and contributes significantly to the Gross Domestic Product. This paper is a theoretical exposition that aims to review the repercussions of COVID-19 on MSMEs. It also deals with the significance and the developments of MSMEs and the challenges encountered in its progressive path. The role of MSMEs in attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the developing as well as underdeveloped economies in the wake of COVID-19 is also deliberated. The MSMEs are remarkably contributing to the socio-economic objectives of any country such as job creation, sustainable growth and alleviation of poverty. The chaos caused by covid 19 demanded the revitalizing of the MSMEs with modern technology, market competitiveness and export orientation. Apart from the various governmental measures initiated globally to protect the MSME sector, it is still confronted with multiple problems and requires more stimuli to strengthen it further. © 2022 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

15.
Ieee Transactions on Engineering Management ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005238

ABSTRACT

This article was undertaken to evaluate the responsiveness of academic faculty teaching various courses at higher education institutions (HEIs) to the special learning needs of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Conducted as an exploratory investigation, this article also sought to understand if and whether the awareness of sustainable development goals (SDGs) and the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic motivated the faculty teaching individuals with intellectual disabilities to revise their teaching-learning approach to make it more effective for such students. Data for addressing these objectives were collected through a qualitative study, which resulted in 38 valid responses from academic faculty teaching at different levels in the United Kingdom. The content of these responses was analyzed to reveal two main themes-academic faculty's experiences in class and HEIs' responsiveness to the learning needs of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Each main theme comprised three subthemes that discussed the practices as they existed and the changes made by faculties in the light of SDGs and the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Findings indicated that while the academic faculty were mindful of introducing pedagogical adjustments to make learning inclusive for individuals with intellectual disabilities, they had not undertaken adjustments in their teaching-learning process to leverage relevant SDGs and counter challenges imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. In comparison, the faculty respondents perceived their HEIs to be much more responsive to new opportunities and threats presented by the SDGs and the pandemic.

16.
Rege-Revista De Gestao ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005073

ABSTRACT

Purpose -This article answers the following research question: How do institutional pressures influence the re(actions) of organizations in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic? Design/methodology/approach - The present research was conducted through the search and review of online secondary sources based on a critical and exploratory analysis. The data were obtained from the Global Compact Brazilian Committee (Rede Brasil do Pacto Global, in Portuguese) and analyzed by means of qualitative content analysis with the support of the ATLAS.ti software. Findings-The results have showed the role of organizations in dealing with the impacts provoked by the current COVID-19 scenario. However, the association of actions implemented by organizations is evident in some SDGs, but not in all and not with the same intensity. There is a higher incidence of SDG 3 (Good health and well-being), which is linked to 278 actions. Regarding institutional pressures, we noticed a higher incidence of normative pressures, which may indicate a sense of responsibility towards employees and other stakeholders related to the prevention of the impacts caused by the pandemic. Practical implications - The findings presented here can encourage companies to better direct their efforts to fight the virus without neglecting the 2030 Agenda. Social implications - The authors intend to encourage institutions that may exert coercive, normative, and mimetic pressures to recognize the impacts of their influence and better direct it to the interests of society during and after the pandemic. Originality/value - This research investigates organizational actions in the context of COVID-19 from an institutional theory perspective.

17.
International Journal of Ethics and Systems ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005048

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper aims to examine the dynamic relationship among energy efficiency, health expenditure and economic growth in Malaysia over the sample period of 1980-2016. Design/methodology/approach This study uses autoregressive distributed lag cointegration analysis and the causality approach by the vector error correction model to analyse the relationship among energy efficiency, which is proxied by energy intensity and the determinant factors. Findings The findings of this paper suggest long-run cointegration causal links between economic growth and health expenditure. However, a mixed conclusion for both determinants exists: an increase in real income contributes to more efficient use of energy sources, whereas an increase in government spending on health intensifies energy usage. Originality/value Most previous relevant research has focussed on energy efficiency as measured by economic intensity and economic growth and do not relate to the issue of health expenditure. The recent health catastrophe brought on by the COVID-19 epidemic emphasises the significance of allocating more resources to health care. The findings will be helpful in the development of energy efficiency and economic policies in pursuit of sustainable development goals.

18.
Journal of Cleaner Production ; : 133812, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2004198

ABSTRACT

The intersectoral impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on humanity raises concerns about its implications for sustainable development. Here, we examine a global quantitative impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) across all 17 goals using 65 proxy indicators across 72 countries collected from April 2020 to February 2021. Our data-driven analysis indicated that adverse impacts of the pandemic have been particularly concerned on gender equality (Goal 5), affordable and clean energy (Goal 7), decent work and economic growth (Goal 8), sustainable cities and communities (Goal 11), and responsible consumption and production (Goal 12) with global scores estimated to be −0.38, −0.21, −0.28, −0.22 and −0.16, respectively. Country income level was a variable that strongly differentiates the responses to the pandemic (e.g., lower incomes had 14 negative goals compared to 11 and 4 negative goals assigned to middle- and high-income countries, respectively). However, Goals 5 and 8 were highly impacted worldwide regardless of income status. Furthermore, countries that had already higher performance in SDGs were less impacted by the pandemic, highlighting the importance of progress on the SDGs in increasing societal resilience to pandemics. The findings provide insights into the reinforcement of recovery policies (e.g., protecting vulnerable groups and transitioning to a green economy) and a basis for a quantitative discussion on the sectors to be prioritized.

19.
Revista General Del Derecho Del Trabajo Y De La Seguridad Social ; - (62):305-338, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2003482

ABSTRACT

The close relationship between the constitutional mandate of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations 2030 Agenda is evident. In particular, the interconnection is channelled through SDG 8: target 8.1 on GDP growth, target 8.2 on economic productivity and target 8.5 on full and productive employment and decent work for all are essential to ensure poverty reduction under SDG 1. Poverty eradication requires multilateral action, to support countries with a lower level of economic development, and individualised action, in line with a rights-based approach, to combat the social exclusion of the most disadvantaged. The situation of the health, economic and social crisis caused by COVID-19 and its consequences require both approaches. The study is divided into two parts. The first part analyses the concepts of poverty used by the ILO due to its universal and tripartite nature. The second deals with the ILO's normative action and strategic approach, including proposals in the context of the pandemic.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 2022 Apr 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2000061

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) poses a significant threat to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To address this challenge, a thorough examination of the pandemic's influence on four SDGs in Egypt is presented in a system dynamic model. The addressed goals are related to no poverty (SDG 1), zero hunger (SDG 2), decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), and climate action (SDG 13). The model is simulated over 35 years extending from 2015 to 2050. Furthermore, a web-based interactive learning environment is developed to analyze the interdependencies among public health activities and study the impacts of possible intervention countermeasures or prevention policies. Indicators including poverty line, food insecurity, gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are evaluated to track Egypt's performance in relation to SDGs 1, 2, 8, and 13. According to the simulation model, the poverty line will continue to decline until it reaches around 16% by 2050. According to the significant governmental efforts to follow its vision of 2030, Egypt can achieve a decreasing percentage of food insecurity, reaching 3% in 2030, and this percentage will continue to decrease until it reaches full sufficiency by 2050. The GDP growth rate will rise every year until it reaches 13.71% in 2050. With respect to climate, GHG emissions are predicted to fall to roughly 97 Mt CO2-equivalents by 2050. This approach revitalizes debates about the achievement of SDGs amid the crisis and acts as a powerful tool that aids decision-makers in identifying leverage points to avoid the long-term negative repercussions of the crisis on the economy, people, and environment.

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