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1.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):209-215, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040775

ABSTRACT

This study aims to assess the reality of distance learning in Moroccan universities in exceptional circumstances imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced the Moroccan government to suspend face-to-face study and compensate for it by distance learning for preserving the students' pedagogical continuity. The inclusion of interactive platforms for the benefit of students to ensure pedagogical communication with professors and the monitoring of lessons through them is among the most important decisions in Moroccan universities. However, this teaching style has defined several obstacles and problems, which we have tried to assess through a student opinion survey questionnaire to identify their opinions on the extent to which university distance learning has achieved the objectives set by the Moroccan education system. The importance of the study lies in the fact that the student is the center of the teaching-learning process, which makes knowing his attitudes towards distance education one of the things that must be studied and analyzed. This may enable officials to monitor realistic data and restructure the education system to achieve successful educational outcomes. First, the study concluded that the students encountered material and financial difficulties related to the logistical means and Internet connection, which negatively affected the students' motivation toward distance learning. Then, the study concluded that the digital content available to students was ineffective. Finally, the researchers concluded that the distance learning option could not compensate for face-to-face teaching in Moroccan universities.

2.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(3):504-512, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040749

ABSTRACT

The eGovernment is an interconnected system that interacts with citizens and provides them increased services through electronic applications, with the help of ICT, in this case, with the arrival of Sars-CoV-2, it was intended to know the momentum in the system of justice of the judicial district of Junin, as well as, the provisions for the containment of the spread of this coronavirus issued by justice and health systems;using the Analysis-Synthesis method. It was possible to obtain that 60.55% of the respondents have stated that the implementation of the Electronic Government contributes to the guarantee in the administration of justice;It contributes to compliance with due process and 49.54% indicated they agree that the application of the eGovernment affects the judicial function in the Junin Judicial District. At the national level, it is in the process of digital transformation through the identification and adoption of digital solutions such as electronic medical records, telehealth and all its forms, and the Digital Agenda of the Health Sector 2020-2025, constitutes a valuable instrument for the articulation and management of the sector, promotion of digital transformation in health with the use of information technologies to improve the quality of health care and, the need to accelerate said transformation, in order to contribute to mitigating the effects of the health emergency due to the current Covid-19 pandemic and, of others that arise.

3.
Northern Review ; - (51):35-67, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040593

ABSTRACT

The Canadian Rangers are Canadian Armed Forces Reservists who serve in remote, isolated, northern, and coastal communities. Due to their presence, capabilities, and the relationships they enjoy with(in) their communities, Rangers regularly support other government agencies in preparing for, responding to, and recovering from a broad spectrum of local emergency and disaster scenarios. Drawing upon government and media reports, focus groups, and interviews with serving members, and a broader literature review, this article explains and assesses, using a wide range of case studies from across Canada, how the Rangers strengthen the disaster resilience of their communities. Our findings also suggest ways to enhance the Rangers' functional capabilities in light of climate and environmental changes that portend more frequent and severe emergencies and disasters. It also argues that the organization can serve as a model for how targeted government investment in a local volunteer force can build resilience in similar remote and isolated jurisdictions, particularly in Greenland and Alaska.

4.
Ege Akademik Bakis ; 22(4):413-424, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040557

ABSTRACT

In this study, the use of Twitter for public relations purposes of the Lahti municipality was analysed. The study aims to reveal the public relations focus of the ecological municipality approach. In this context, Tweets shared on the Twitter account of the municipality between November 1 and November 30, 2021, were analysed by discourse and content analysis method in the 2020.2.2 version of the Maxqda program. The findings obtained from the analysis are: In the process that Lahti was elected as an ecological municipality, it shared the most on municipal services and ecological city. The main topics shared by the municipality were identified as Covid-19, Lahti activism, ecological city, and municipal services. The main headings of the macro discourse of this process, which covers municipal services;Lahti City is urban transportation, openings, tender announcements, meetings, cooperation, and events. When these discourse titles are analysed at the micro-level, it is seen that a simple, active, and everyday language is used. When the shares are examined in rhetoric, reference representation is quite intense in persuasiveness. As a result;It is seen that the municipality of Lahti fulfills the principles of corporate citizenship on Twitter, which it uses for recognition and promotion purposes.

5.
IDS Working Paper Institute for Development Studies ; 572:1-50, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040536

ABSTRACT

This study explored how measures to curtail the spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19) in Vietnam affected the livelihoods and food and nutrition security of internal migrant workers. While Vietnam has made impressive progress towards food security in the past decades, marginalised groups of people such as ethnic minorities and migrants continue to face significant challenges. The project team investigated how the pandemic affected the precarity of these groups' income-generating opportunities and how the level of income generated affected the quality, as well as the quantity, of food consumed by migrant workers in Hanoi, the capital, and the Bac Ninh province, which hosts large industrial zones. Our research shows that income for migrant workers significantly reduced as a result of Covid-19-related lockdown measures. Almost half of the respondents were considered to be either moderately or severely food insecure. Financial support provided by the government hardly reached migrant workers because of the registration system required to receive unemployment benefits. To reduce the vulnerability of migrant workers, we conclude that: Short-term crisis responses need to focus on providing nutritious, healthy, and ample food to migrant workers;Policies that impose minimum standards of living need to be effectively enforced;The coverage of existing social safety nets by the government needs to be expanded;and A radical reform of labour law is needed to improve labour rights for migrant workers.

6.
Entertainment and Sports Law Journal ; 20(1029):1-9, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040501

ABSTRACT

Professional sport has undoubtedly been hit hard by COVID-19. Clubs and governing bodies have had to adapt rapidly to the public health emergency and have come under great financial and regulatory strain. Some sports have weathered the storm better than others, though, and professional rugby union experienced significant off-field turbulence, with wages reductions seen across the English Premiership. This article will examine the conduct of Premiership Rugby and its clubs during the COVID-19 crisis from a competition law perspective and will argue that, by acting in concert, Premiership and the clubs may have breached UK competition law.

7.
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai ; 67(2):1-20, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039623

ABSTRACT

Fiscal policy has been used by various governments to promote economic growth. The effectiveness of government expenditure on economic growth depends on recipient sector of government expenditure. This study contributes to this research area by investigating the effect of government agricultural expenditure on economic growth in the Kingdom of Lesotho. The government of Lesotho identified the agricultural sector as a productive sector that is central to the achievement the economic growth goal and development plan. Descriptive statistics and inferential econometric techniques (ARDL, DOLS and VEC Granger causality) over time-series data for the period 1982-2019 were utilized in this study. The results suggest that while current level and pattern of government agriculture expenditure cannot stimulate the desired economic growth and prosperity in the country, domestic investment appear to be a stimulant of the desired economic prosperity. Consequently, any economic growth policy or strategy that is premised on government agricultural sector expenditure would fail. Thus study recommends that countries including Lesotho should prioritize sustained increase in domestic investment.

8.
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy ; 15:1727-1740, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039551

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the resulting level of fiscal medical and health expenditure in China, and to provide the scientific basis for further improving fiscal medical and health service capacity in China. Patients and Methods: The data envelopment method and Gini coefficient method were used to analyze the efficiency and regional fairness of fiscal medical and health expenditure results by using the relevant provincial and municipal data of China from 2007 to 2019. Results: 1.Overall, from 2007 to 2019, the total expenditure continued to increase, the expenditure efficiency increased first and then decreased, and the expenditure fairness continued to improve. 2. From the perspective of subregions, there are apparent differences between regions in terms of total expenditure, expenditure efficiency, and expenditure fairness, showing a better situation in the central, western, northeast and a lower situation in the east. Conclusion: The overall level of fiscal medical and health expenditure in China shows an upward trend, but there is still much room for improvement. At the same time, there are pronounced regional differences, and the problems of efficiency and fairness coexist among regions. Therefore, in the future, we should increase medical and health investment and enhance the government’s close attention;Improve the expenditure performance appraisal system;Formulate policies according to local conditions and avoid “one size fits all.”.

9.
PLoS Sustainability and Transformation ; 1(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039450

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted agriculture in India in many ways, yet no nationally representative survey has been conducted to quantify these impacts. The three objectives of this study were to evaluate how the pandemic has influenced: (1) cropping patterns and input use, (2) farmers' willingness to adopt sustainable agricultural practices, and (3) farmers' COVID-19 symptoms. Phone surveys were conducted between December 2020 and January 2021 with farmers who had previously participated in a nationally representative survey. Values are reported as weighted percent (95% confidence interval). A total of 3,637 farmers completed the survey;59% (56-61%) were small/marginal farmers;72% (69-74%) were male;and 52% (49-55%) had a below poverty line ration card. A majority of farmers (84% [82-86%]) reported cultivating the same crops in 2019 and 2020. Farmers who reported a change in their cropping patterns were more likely to be cultivating vegetables (p = 0.001) and soybean (p<0.001) and less likely to be cultivating rice (p<0.001). Concerning inputs, 66% (63-68%) of farmers reported no change in fertilizers;66% (64-69%) reported no change in pesticides;and 59% (56-62%) reported no change in labor. More than half of farmers (62% [59-65%]) were interested in trying sustainable farming, primarily because of government schemes or because their peers were practicing it. About one-fifth (18% [15-21%]) of farmers reported COVID-19 symptoms in the past month (cough, fever, or shortness of breath) and among those with symptoms, 37% (28-47%) reported it affected their ability to work. In conclusion, COVID-19 infections had started to impact farmers' productivity even during the first wave in India. Most farmers continued to grow the same crops with no change in input use. However, many expressed an interest in learning more about practicing sustainable farming. Findings will inform future directions for resilient agri-food systems.

10.
PLoS One ; 17(9), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039429

ABSTRACT

Little is known about longitudinal patterns of welfare program participation among single mothers after they transition from employment to unemployment. To better understand how utilization patterns of these welfare programs may change during the 12 months after a job loss, we used the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine the patterns of participation in Medicaid, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and unemployment insurance among 342 single mothers who transitioned from employment to unemployment during the Great Recession. Using sequence analysis and cluster analysis, this paper identified four distinct patterns of program participation: (a) constantly receiving in-kind benefits;(b) primarily but not solely receiving food stamps;(c) inconsistent unemployment insurance or Medicaid-based benefits;and (d) limited or no benefits. Almost two-fifths of our sample of single mothers received inconsistent, limited, or no benefits. Results of the multinomial regression revealed that race, work disability, poverty, homeownership, and region of residence were significant factors that influenced whether study subjects participated in or had access to social safety net programs. Our findings illustrate the heterogeneity in patterns of multiple program participation among single mothers transitioning from employment to unemployment. Better understanding these varied patterns may inform decisions that increase the accessibility of US social safety net programs for single mothers during periods of personal economic hardship.

11.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039244

ABSTRACT

Factors associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy (which we define as refusal to be vaccinated when asked, resulting in delayed or non- vaccination) are poorly studied in sub-Saharan Africa and among refugees, particularly in Kenya. Using survey data from wave five (March to June 2021) of the Kenya Rapid Response Phone Survey (RRPS), a household survey representative of the population of Kenya, we estimated the self-reported rates and factors associated with vaccine hesitancy among non-refugees and refugees in Kenya. Non-refugee households were recruited through sampling of the 2015/16 Kenya Household Budget Survey and random digit dialing. Refugee households were recruited through random sampling of registered refugees. Binary response questions on misinformation and information were transformed into a scale. We performed a weighted (to be representative of the overall population of Kenya) multivariable logistic regression including interactions for refugee status, with the main outcome being if the respondent self-reported that they would not take the COVID-19 vaccine if available at no cost. We calculated the marginal effects of the various factors in the model. The weighted univariate analysis estimated that 18.0% of non-refugees and 7.0% of refugees surveyed in Kenya would not take the COVID-19 vaccine if offered at no cost. Adjusted, refugee status was associated with a -13.1[95%CI:-17.5,-8.7] percentage point difference (ppd) in vaccine hesitancy. For the both refugees and non-refugees, having education beyond the primary level, having symptoms of COVID-19, avoiding handshakes, and washing hands more often were also associated with a reduction in vaccine hesitancy. Also for both, having used the internet in the past three months was associated with a 8.1[1.4,14.7] ppd increase in vaccine hesitancy;and disagreeing that the government could be trusted in responding to COVID-19 was associated with a 25.9[14.2,37.5]ppd increase in vaccine hesitancy. There were significant interactions between refugee status and some variables (geography, food security, trust in the Kenyan government's response to COVID-19, knowing somebody with COVID-19, internet use, and TV ownership). These relationships between refugee status and certain variables suggest that programming between refugees and non-refugees be differentiated and specific to the contextual needs of each group.

12.
International Journal of Care and Caring ; 6(1-2):253-253–259, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039181

ABSTRACT

Australia has been less impacted by COVID-19 than most other countries, partly due to strong preventive responses by government. While these measures have resulted in lower rates of infection, family and friend carers have been disproportionately affected by public health orders. The heightened risk of transmission to vulnerable populations, combined with the impact of economic uncertainty, unclear government communication, significant restrictions on movement and personal contact, and the reduction in formal support services, have highlighted pre-existing, systemic shortcomings in support for carers. The COVID-19 pandemic left many carers more stressed, isolated and worse off financially.

13.
Environmental Health ; 21:1-13, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2038766

ABSTRACT

Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) takes place under extreme conditions with a lack of occupational health and safety. As the demand for metals is increasing due in part to their extensive use in ‘green technologies’ for climate change mitigation, the negative environmental and occupational consequences of mining practices are disproportionately felt in low- and middle-income countries. The Collegium Ramazzini statement on ASM presents updated information on its neglected health hazards that include multiple toxic hazards, most notably mercury, lead, cyanide, arsenic, cadmium, and cobalt, as well as physical hazards, most notably airborne dust and noise, and the high risk of infectious diseases. These hazards affect both miners and mining communities as working and living spaces are rarely separated. The impact on children and women is often severe, including hazardous exposures during the child-bearing age and pregnancies, and the risk of child labor. We suggest strategies for the mitigation of these hazards and classify those according to primordial, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Further, we identify knowledge gaps and issue recommendations for international, national, and local governments, metal purchasers, and employers are given. With this statement, the Collegium Ramazzini calls for the extension of efforts to minimize all hazards that confront ASM miners and their families.

14.
International Journal for Equity in Health ; 21:1-5, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2038764

ABSTRACT

Background Mental health research in Canada is not only underfunded but there remains an inequitable distribution of funding to address unmet needs especially in clinical and applied research. In 2018, the legalization of cannabis for non-medical use in Canada sparked the need to examine the relationship between cannabis use and mental health. The federal government allocated $10 M over 5 years to the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC), a pan-Canadian health organization funded at arm’s length by the federal government. Methods In 2020, the MHCC implemented an innovative community-based research (CBR) program to investigate this relationship among priority populations including people who use cannabis and live with mental illness, First Nations, Inuit and Métis, two-spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and/or queer (2SLGBTQ+) individuals, and racialized populations. Extensive consultations, a scoping review and an environmental scan set the research agenda. Key program components included a review committee with representation from diverse priority populations, extensive proposal-writing support for applicants, and capacity bridging workshops for the 14 funded projects. Results Of the 14 funded research projects, 6 focus on and are led by Indigenous communities, 5 focus on other equity-seeking populations, and 9 explore the perceived patterns, influence and effects of use including benefits and harms. Lessons learned include the importance of a health equity lens and diverse sources of knowledge setting the CBR research agenda. In addition to capacity bridging that promote equitable roles among knowledge co-producers as well as the critical role of organizational support in increasing research productivity, especially in the area of mental health and cannabis use where there is a need for more applied research. Conclusion Centering equity and lived and living experience strengthened the rationale for investments and ensured user-led evidence generation and utilization – a key public health gain. Organizational support for proposal development and capacity bridging yields significant value that can be replicated in future CBR initiatives.

15.
Canadian Public Administration ; 65(3):497-515, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2037920

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused governments worldwide to respond quickly to a greater array of health, economic and social issues in a more concentrated time span than previously. The Canadian public sector had developed many of the tools needed to act with agility to support the government agenda response to these challenges. With the consent of political parties, Parliament modified its operations and passed empowering legislation to provide the executive branch with sweeping powers to act. In this turbulent time, government accountability was delayed but never forgotten as a series of conversations with senior public servants revealed. This article delves into those reflections on the first year of the pandemic to discern how government operations changed and how both Parliament and the public sector can adapt to ensure that government can act effectively and efficiently but be held accountable for its decisions as it addresses more complex policy challenges in future. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Sommaire: Sur un laps de temps plus réduit que jamais auparavant, la pandémie a forcé les gouvernements du monde entier à réagir rapidement à un plus grand nombre de problèmes sanitaires, économiques et sociaux. Le secteur public canadien a mis au point de nombreux outils nécessaires pour faire preuve d'agilité afin d'aider le programme gouvernemental dans sa réponse à ces défis. Avec le consentement des partis politiques, le parlement a modifié ses opérations et a adopté une loi constitutive pour doter l'exécutif de vastes pouvoirs d'action. En cette période troublée, l'imputabilité du gouvernement a été retardée mais jamais oubliée, comme l'a révélé une série de conversations avec des hauts fonctionnaires. Cet article explore ces réflexions sur la première année de la pandémie pour discerner comment les opérations gouvernementales ont changé;et comment le parlement et le secteur public peuvent s'adapter pour garantir que le gouvernement agisse de manière efficace et efficiente, tout en étant tenu responsable de ses décisions alors qu'il fait face à des défis politiques plus complexes à l'avenir. (French) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Canadian Public Administration is the property of Wiley-Blackwell and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

16.
IEEE Technology & Society Magazine ; 41(3):58-70, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037841

ABSTRACT

Amid the COVID-19 pandemic, governments around the world have been facing an increased spread of disinformation on social media by foreign and domestic actors. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the challenges of online disinformation facing governments and societies globally, including Canada. Indeed, disinformation is increasingly being framed by supranational institutions and states as a threat to democracy, prompting legislative and policy interventions [1] . However, much of the scholarly work thus far on disinformation has focused on social media content that is publicly available and open to the wider public. This article, on the other hand, aims to shed light on disinformation encountered through private messaging platforms (e.g., WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, WeChat, and so on).

17.
International Journal of Development Issues ; 21(3):347-366, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037669

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aims to explore the sustainability of Jamaica’s public debt over a highly volatile period of time.Design/methodology/approach>The authors use a suite of econometric tools, including, unit root testing, cointegration testing and estimating a fiscal reaction function. The authors control for structural breaks in the regression analysis.Findings>The authors find that whilst reschedulings might be indicative of cash-flow problems in Jamaica, fiscal policy has responded effectively to increase the public debt, thereby making the debt sustainable. Notwithstanding the political economy and social demands of the population prior to the impact of the pandemic, the implications of higher debt stocks (higher debt-servicing and lower social expenditures) might make this approach to fiscal policy and debt management infeasible. As a result, the authors recommend that the government will need to take an active approach in managing its debt position to facilitate responses to shocks and provide conditions within which maintaining fiscal discipline is feasible.Originality/value>To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to explore fiscal sustainability in Jamaica over this time period whilst taking into consideration structural breaks caused by the global financial crisis and debt restructurings. The authors also take into consideration variables such as exchange rates and the occurrence of elections, which have not been included in previous studies.

18.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1082(1):012018, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037343

ABSTRACT

As a global platform, the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have reinforced country’s institutional capacity to meet the international standard compliance. Creative city concept is one among those linking the SDGs targeting agenda to the local development policy. This study investigates if the implementation of creative city concept may succeed the fulfilment of SDGs targets. We selected three cities in Indonesia for comparative study: Pekalongan, Yogyakarta, and Surakarta. Our observation completed during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020. We combined targeted questionnaire to academics, business, community, and government (ABCG) stakeholders with content analysis of the government publications and regulations. The result shows that Pekalongan City Government has managed well in actualising creative city concept from the policymaking to program implementation. The Yogyakarta City Government seems inconvenience in specifying targeted creative industry to promote local economy. For the Surakarta case, the targeted creative industry has little support in the local development policy. Lack of institutional capacity and trained staffs might be the main reasons for slow implementation of these ideas into local government context. Consequently, creative city concept and SDGs agenda are more favoured as a short- to medium-term project rather than a long-lasting city development vision.

19.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037331

ABSTRACT

Sleman Regency, known as the Student City, is greatly affected by the mobility restriction policy which results in a gradual emptying process of boarding houses, so there is an urgency for regional studies regarding the impact of the pandemic on the livelihoods of boarding house business actors in Sleman Regency. In addition, there is no latest policy from the regency government to overcome the said impact other than the policy of implementing health protocols. Hence, the study focuses on the living conditions and livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs who are heavily affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The paper aimed to look at two points of view, namely the bottom-up approach to see the affected objects related to changes in the livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs during the Covid-19 pandemic and the response of business actors in dealing with shock due to the pandemic;and the top-down approach to see the parties who have legal authority by conducting a critical study of the policies at the regency level related to boarding house business actors before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research found that there were changes in the assets and livelihood strategies of entrepreneurs which varied following the capacity of the boarding house entrepreneur. Whereas based on a top-down point of view;despite the change in social assistance policies in terms of the type of assistance, targets, and the amount of assistance provided before and during the Covid-19 pandemic;there is no social assistance that is directed specifically to boarding house business actors.

20.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 21, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037327

ABSTRACT

In order to respond to the increasing number of COVID-19 cases, the government created the Jogja Pass mobile application for screening and tracing as well as supporting the implementation of smart city in Special Region of Yogyakarta. This study aims to identify the utilization of the Jogja Pass, analyze the impact of the Jogja Pass in handling COVID-19, and identify obstacles in the utilization of the Jogja Pass for the application development purposes. This study employed quantitative descriptive and qualitative descriptive methods. The primary data were obtained from in-depth interviews with relevant institutions and through questionnaires to the public. The secondary data were obtained through recapitulation of application data. The results indicated that the users of the Jogja Pass are spread throughout the region of Yogyakarta and it is used at 113 public area points. The Jogja Pass has positive impact on the users and becomes one of the SOPs for health protocols in several public areas. The obstacles in the development of the Jogja Pass include limited human resources and funds, dishonesty of users in filling out the screening test, and the Jogja Pass has been taken down from the Android Play Store.

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