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1.
Oryx ; 56(3):323-328, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1815405

ABSTRACT

Source: Endangered Landscapes Programme (2022) endangeredlandscapes.org/second-herd-of-kulan-arrives-in-the-ukrainian-danube-delta Tweaked fences are helping to save Aberta's pronghorn The Alberta Fish and Game Association and the Alberta Conservation Association have wrapped up another season of their Pronghorn Corridor Enhancement Project, with changes to fencing that help pronghorns stay healthier and less vulnerable to predators. Source: CBC News (2021) cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/pronghorn-fence-alberta-conservation-1.6298645 Rare antelope population booming in Chinese nature reserve The population of a rare species of antelope, Przewalski's gazelle Procapra przewalskii, has surpassed 2,700 in Qinghai Lake National Nature Reserve, in Qinghai Province in north-west China, according to the Reserve's administration. Sources: China Global Television Network (2022) news.cgtn.com/news/2022-01-02/Rare-antelope-population-booming-in-China-s-natural-reserve-16uFuq43E64/index.html & China News (2021) chinanews.com.cn/sh/shipin/cns/2021/12-23/news911159.shtml Scientists step up search for so-called Asian unicorn Weighing up to 100 kg and sporting long straight horns and white spots on its face, the saola does not sound like an animal that would be difficult to spot.

2.
Revista Ibérica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informação ; - (E46):647-659, 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1776971

ABSTRACT

: The objective of this scientific article was to determine the profile of the entrepreneur by opportunity in Latin America in the context of the Covid pandemic19, for this purpose a referential framework of the entrepreneur proposed by Veciana (1999) was considered and secondary sources were analyzed accordingly. After applying the methodology and obtaining results, the most outstanding characteristics for an entrepreneur by opportunity in times of pandemic are proposed and described, which are: emotional leadership, creativity and innovation and the ambition for growth and help to others. El Enfoque Económico, manifiesta que el emprendedor es el cuarto factor de la producción, puesto que es aquella persona que combina tierra, capital y trabajo;y que por ello es merecedor de un beneficio económico (Say, 1840), (Mill, 1848) a esto Schumpeter (1934) manifiesta que la innovación en las combinaciones productivas es propia de los empresarios y emprendedores. Sin embargo, se destacan las medidas para fortalecer estas economías, como ser: el involucramiento de expertos, instituciones (puntaje) y el gobierno, lo cual hace pensar que el ecosistema (enfoque sociocultural) es influyente para la generación de nuevos emprendimientos en concordancia a lo propuesto por North (1990).

3.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 8(SUPPL 1):S173-S174, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1746737

ABSTRACT

Background. Communication among health care professionals during antimicrobial prescribing is critical to ensure appropriate use. This is of concern in Guatemala where physicians seldom consider guidance from other professionals during antimicrobial prescribing activities. Methods. We carried out a cross sectional questionnaire and open ended interviews with physicians from five hospitals in Guatemala to describe perceptions of communication between health care providers, and acceptance of antimicrobial guidance during prescribing. Results. From January to April 2021 an electronic questionnaire was sent to enrolled physicians of which 74% completed participation (n=107/145). Fifty-five percent participated in open ended interviews (n=79/145). Respondents perceived high levels of communication between physicians and ID specialists (94% of respondents);52%, and 54% perceived high levels of physician-pharmacist, and physician-nurse communication respectively. Significant differences in the perception of physician-pharmacist communication were detected when comparing responses between hospitals, and between respondent sex (chi2, p< 0.05). Barriers to communication between professionals included lack of local guidelines or protocols, patient overload, COVID-19 pandemic, lack of mentorship, and little room to discuss antimicrobial therapy with higher-ranking physicians. Eighty percent and 45% of physicians were open to receiving antibiotic optimization recommendations from other physicians, and pharmacists respectively. Notable barriers to accepting recommendations from pharmacists included lack of regular communication, lack of clinical experience, and concern about evidence based recommendations. Conclusion. Effective communication is perceived between physicians during antimicrobial prescribing activities. Marginal levels of communication and acceptance of prescribing recommendations have been detected between physicians and pharmacists. In this milieu, there is an opportunity to strengthen multidisciplinary teams to optimize antimicrobial use.

4.
El Cotidiano ; 37(230):67-74, 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1743875

ABSTRACT

El cierre de fronteras en los territorios de EE.UU., México y Centroamérica, planteado inicialmente con carácter excepcional como medida preventiva contra la expansión del virus, ha permitido en el último año y medio bloquear el paso de miles de personas en busca de seguridad. En 2012, las declaraciones de Alan Bersin, el entonces Secretario adjunto de Aduanas y Protección Fronteriza de los EE.UU. (СВР por sus siglas en inglés) exponía la creciente tendencia hacia la externalización de las fronteras por parte del país norteamericano: "La frontera guatemalteca con Chiapas es ahora nuestra frontera sur" (Isacson et al., 2014). En abril del año presente, ante el aumento en las llegadas de personas a la frontera de EE.UU. en busca de protección, la administración de Joe Biden anunciaba un nuevo acuerdo con México, Guatemala y Honduras para reforzar la presencia militar y policial en las fronteras de los países del sur. El día 20 de ese mes se decidía el cierre de la frontera EE.UU.-México para toda actividad considerada no esencial.

5.
Revista de Patologia Tropical ; 50(1):73-75, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1726548

ABSTRACT

Candida auris has emerged in recent years as an important cause of hospital infection outbreaks around the world. C. auris is an intensive care unit (ICU) environmental colonizer and many hospital environments may harbor C. auris transmission. In addition, in 2020, other countries: Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Panama, Colombia and the United States - documented cases of C. auris infection, mostly in patients with a history of COVID-19 infection, highlighting that in the first three countries no isolates were reported prior to this period. Therefore, it is noteworthy that both COVID-19 and C. auris share at least six characteristics that should be highlighted: (a) both pathogens may remain on surfaces, including hospital floors, beds, bedrails, poles, air conditioners and windows;(b) both may present high mortality rates;(c) both pathogens require standard laboratory methods for diagnosis;(d) both present treatment difficulties due to multidrug resistance (C. auris) or no effective medical therapy (SARS-Cov-2);(e) both are globally distributed causing outbreaks in healthcare facilities;(f) both present risk factors, including in cases of mechanical ventilation, diabetes mellitus, protracted ventilator-assisted management, immunosuppression, chronic kidney disease, etc. There is much to be learned about these infectious diseases, particularly in countries with poor hygiene, high population density and intense migratory flows, not to mention international travel contributing substantially to both pandemics. Vigilance practices by hospital committees for infection control and routine diagnostic processes for determining C. auris fungal infection in COVID-19 patients should be implemented. Modern diagnostic tests must be made available worldwide, as well as access to adequate antifungal therapy to manage C. auris infection. All of the aspects mentioned will effectively contribute to reducing mortality by COVID-19 and enable monitoring the emergence of C. auris.

6.
Safety and Health at Work ; 13:S173, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1677053

ABSTRACT

Introduction: To counteract the spread of COVID, many companies opted for teleworking and thus reduce the number of people exposed. Knowing and regulating its implications is necessary for the health of the working population. Material and Method: a prospective descriptive study was conducted from May to August 2021, through an online questionnaire, which was answered regardless of the line of work, by 202 workers in several companies in Guatemala, who were doing at least one day of teleworking. The questionnaire with 21 questions evaluated work, personal and family aspects, implications for physical and mental health;as well as economic Results: hours of workers were extended in 80%. 27% up to 3 to 4 hours outside the usual, even 83% reported work activity during weekends, 88% having message / call activities outside the regular hours. Around 40% did not have a suitable table and chair for teleworking, which led to 96% reporting at least some physical symptoms, such as neck pain, eye fatigue and back pain. Conclusions: half of the respondents indicated that they were prepared to telecommute, but the same number reported personal life problems with noise, lighting, and temperature, which led to eating and sleeping disorders, and physical conditions. Workers had increases electricity and internet expenses, making 50% of the participants an investment of $50. Although, 81% indicated they agree that teleworking be implemented, 96% consider that it should be regulated.

7.
Pensamiento Al Margen ; : 73-86, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1576577

ABSTRACT

This text is based on the articulation of the approaches of the semiotics of culture, complexity and transdisciplinarity to address the processes of emergence of new semiotic-discursive objects during the pandemic conjunction due to the COVID 19 disease. It focuses on examples such as the use of the mask in Mexico and Guatemala to analyze the processes of meaning (re)production and link them to particular conditions of each country in order to present a regional contrast of these processes.

8.
International Research Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology ; 5(6):151-156, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1560254

ABSTRACT

In this study, the ANN approach was applied to analyze COVID-19 deaths in Guatemala. The employed data covers the period1 January 2020 to 20 April 2020 and the out-of-sample period ranges over the period 21 April to 31 August 2021. The residuals and forecast evaluation criteria (Error, MSE and MAE) of the applied model indicate that the model is quite stable. The results of the study indicate that the daily COVID-19 deaths in Guatemala are likely to be between 0 and 65 deaths per day over the out-of-sample period. Therefore there is need for the government of Guatemala to ensure adherence to safety guidelines while continuing to create awareness about the COVID-19 pandemic and scale up COVID-19 vaccination.

9.
Front Sociol ; 6: 632053, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1337698

ABSTRACT

This article addresses the effects of COVID-19 in Eastern and Northern Ontario, Canada, with a comparative glimpse at the small province of Totonicapán, Guatemala, with which Canadians have been involved in obstetric and midwifery care in particular over the last 5 years. With universal health care coverage since 1966 and well-integrated midwifery, Canada's system would be considered relatively well set up to deal with a disaster like COVID-19 compared to low resource countries like Guatemala or countries without universal health care insurance (like the USA). However, the epidemic has uncovered the fact that in Ontario, Indigenous, Black, and People of Color (IBPOC), as elsewhere, may have been hardest hit, often not by actually contracting COVID-19, but by suffering secondary consequences. While COVID-19 could be an issue through which health care professionals can come together, there are signs that the medical hierarchies in many hospitals in both Ontario and Totonicapán are taking advantage of COVID-19 to increase interventive measures in childbirth and reduce midwives' involvement in hospitals. Meanwhile, home births are on the rise in both jurisdictions. Stories from a Jamaican Muslim woman in Ottawa, an Indigenous midwifery practice in Northern Ontario, registered midwives in Eastern Ontario, and about the traditional midwives in Guatemala reveal similar as well as unique problems resulting from the lockdowns. While this article is not intended to constitute an exhaustive analysis of social justice and human rights issues in Canada and Guatemala, we do take this opportunity to demonstrate where COVID-19 has become a catalyst that challenges the standard narrative, exposing the old ruts and blind spots of inequality and discrimination that our hierarchies and inadequate data collection-until the epidemic-were managing to ignore. As health advocates, we see signs that this pandemic is resulting in more open debate, which we hope will last long after it is over in both our countries.

10.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 207640211028612, 2021 Jun 27.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1285148

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The mental health impact of Covid-19 from the perspective of individuals experiencing psychological distress during lockdown period in marginalized, high-risk communities remains underinvestigated. AIMS: This study aims to identify key factors related to psychological distress resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic across highly vulnerable districts in Guatemala. METHODS: The Covid Care Calls (CCC) survey was administered to households in 11 districts in Guatemala to gather information about medical, mental health, and psychosocial status during the lockdown period; provide referral for care; and disseminate information on evidence-based protective measures to stem the spread of the virus. The 330 individuals participated the survey. Conventional content analysis was used to analyze survey data. RESULTS: Most commonly reported mental health issues since the start of the pandemic were anxiety (46%), stress (36%), and exacerbation of pre-Covid-19 mental health conditions (19%). Depression and burnout were equally reported by 12% of participants. Only 2% reported issues with safety in the home. Concerns about catching the virus and economic worries were the most commonly reported sources of psychological distress. CONCLUSION: Results of this study indicate a high prevalence of anxiety, stress, and increased prior mental health symptoms resulting from the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic in low-income, high-risk communities across Guatemala. Efforts focused on enhancing coping strategies as well as psychoeducation to address stigma and increase help-seeking for depression are particularly important.

11.
Int J Soc Psychiatry ; : 207640211027212, 2021 Jun 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1280532

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: On March 5th, Guatemala declared a 'State of Calamity' in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and strict lockdown measures were initiated. The psychological consequences of these measures are yet to be fully understood. There is limited research on the psychological impact of the virus in the general population, and even less focused on Latin America and high-risk communities characterized by poverty, limited mental health resources, and high rates of stigma around mental illness. The goal of this study is to examine the psychological impact of COVID-19 across several highly vulnerable districts in Guatemala. METHODS: A semi-structured phone interview was conducted of 295 individuals in multiple districts in Guatemala City to assess self-perceived mental health consequences related to the pandemic. Sociodemographic, medical, and mental health data were collected. Chisquares and t-tests used for categorical and continuous variables, as appropriate, to describe the sample. Binary logistic regressions were estimated to examine associations between sociodemographic characteristics and mental health symptoms (anxiety, stress, depression, burnout, escalation of pre-existing mental health symptoms, and a sense of safety). RESULTS: The results indicate high levels of anxiety and stress in all target communities. Significant differences based on gender, age, and the number of children in the household were identified: women and older adults experience higher rates of stress and anxiety associated with the pandemic; while families with greater number of children experience higher levels of burnout. CONCLUSION: Contextualizing the current pandemic as a complex emergency can help inform further studies focusing on socioeconomic challenges and higher vulnerabilities as preconditions affecting the impact of the pandemic on mental health. Given the limited available resources for mental health care in Guatemala, informal networks of care may play an important role in meeting the needs of those individuals experiencing increased psychological distress resulting from the pandemic.

12.
Kidney Int Rep ; 6(4): 1110-1117, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1056579

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is public health concern across the world. Data on the epidemiology among patients on hemodialysis in Latin America and low- and middle-income countries are limited. METHODS: Using electronic medical records from the second largest dialysis network in Guatemala, we performed a retrospective analysis of all adult patients on hemodialysis with the diagnosis of COVID-19 to estimate incidence of infection and to describe the demographics, comorbidities, and outcomes. We stratified incidence rate by region. We reviewed data from May 1 to July 31, 2020, with outcome data ascertained up to August 28, 2020. RESULTS: Of 3201 patients undergoing hemodialysis, 325 patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 (incidence rate 102/1000 patients on hemodialysis, compared with 3/1000 in the general population). Incidence was higher in the Central region (207/1000) and lowest in the Southeast region (33/1000), and unlike in the general population, the incidence was lower in Guatemala City. The mean age of patients diagnosed with COVID-19 was 51.1 years (standard deviation [SD] 14.8 years), and 84 (25.8%) were female. The median length of hospital stay was 12 days (interquartile range [IQR] 10-16 days). Two hundred twenty-nine (69.8%) of the patients recovered, 90 patients died (27.7%), and 6 (1.8%) patients were still in the hospital at the time of last follow-up. CONCLUSION: The incidence of diagnosed COVID-19 in Guatemalan patients on hemodialysis was much higher than reported in the general population, with outcomes similar to those described in high-income countries. Rural regions had higher incidence rates than the major metropolitan area.

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