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1.
Archives of Disease in Childhood ; 107(Supplement 2):A58, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2064014

ABSTRACT

Aims The success of the childhood immunisation programme depends on parental confidence in the efficacy of vaccines. Parental hesitancy because of lack of access to evidence based information alongside the misinformation available on social media contributes to the poor uptake of vaccinations. Reliance on herd immunity is compromised if increasing cohorts begin to decline vaccines. Combating misinformation and gaining an understanding of reasons for refusal and hesitancy behaviours enables the implementation of interventions to prevent declines. Our study attempted to understand reasons and personal characteristics influencing parental refusal in accepting immunisations. Methods Using a semi-structured interview, parents of children who had missed immunisation appointments were contacted. The parents were asked a series of open-ended questions about the reasons for their non-attendance to appointments. Results Out of the 47 patients contacted, 19 patients responded. Main reasons for vaccine refusal included misinformation, homoeopathy and religion. Parents expressed concerns over the vaccine components and the negative impacts vaccines had previously had on the child or other family members. Alongside this some parents expressed a concern over a link between autism and the MMR vaccine. A review of the records did not provide any valid information to support these claims which were more perceptual than factual. Furthermore, one parent expressed a lack of trust in the whole immunisation programme since the beginning of the COVID- 19 pandemic and the roll out of vaccines. Conclusion Parental beliefs and hesitancy are key to the effectiveness of the childhood immunisation programme. Unless we can fully understand and counsel parents with the correct, evidence- based information we will not be able to change parental behaviours and reduce hesitancy surrounding vaccines. Social media and the plethora of information has a large contribution to the varied messages and information available to parents. Our study adds to existing information around the misinformation of vaccines. Public health programmes cannot combat misinformation and implement interventions unless there are more robust information campaigns.

2.
Proc ACM Web Sci Conf ; 2022: 359-363, 2022 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2038356

ABSTRACT

Homeopathy is a medical system originating in Germany more than 200 years ago. Based on prior investigations, mainstream health agencies and medical research communities indicate that there is little evidence that homeopathy can be an effective treatment for any specific health condition. However, it continues to be practiced as a popular form of alternative medicine in many countries, even during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. In this paper, we mine opinions on homeopathy for COVID-19 expressed in Twitter data. Our experiments are conducted with a dataset of nearly 60K tweets collected during a seven month period ending in July 2020. We first built text classifiers (linear and neural models) to mine opinions on homeopathy (positive, negative, neutral) from tweets using a dataset of 2400 hand-labeled tweets obtaining an average macro F-score of 81.5% for the positive and negative classes. We applied this model to identify opinions from the full dataset. Our results show that the number of unique positive tweets is twice that of the number of unique negative tweets; but when including retweets, there are 23% more negative tweets overall indicating that negative tweets are getting more retweets and better traction on Twitter. Using a word shift graph analysis on the Twitter bios of authors of positive and negative tweets, we observe that opinions on homeopathy appear to be correlated with political/religious ideologies of the authors (e.g., liberal vs nationalist, atheist vs Hindu). To our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze public opinions on homeopathy on any social media platform. Our results surface a tricky landscape for public health agencies as they promote evidence-based therapies and preventative measures for COVID-19.

3.
Cattle Practice ; 29(1):12-12, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2033861

ABSTRACT

The aims of this study are to determine if CAM use has potential to reduce unnecessary antibiotic use and support the global efforts against antimicrobial resistance, and to ensure that antimicrobials and other conventional treatment approaches are used where appropriate. 20 farms with a range of management systems, herd sizes and production goals were recruited to this study. Interviews were conducted with 24 farmers through a mixture of face-to-face, telephone and videoconferencing modalities necessitated by movement restrictions during the Covid-19 pandemic. In addition, 16 farms were visited to collect ethnographic participant observational data using ethnographic fieldnotes and photographs. Interviews were conducted using a topic guide and explored participants' experience of CAM, including drivers/barriers to CAM use, experiences of CAM use and how CAM might influence the use of conventional medicine such as antibiotics. Early findings indicate several drivers for UK dairy farmers to use CAM approaches, including their own personal [or friends' and relations'] experiences, the views of influential people and advisors, networks within the farming community and the fact that CAM use allows a greater sense of autonomy in health-based decision making. Farmers often refer to milk buyers and organic guidelines as factors which influence their use of CAM. They further refer to a desire to 'do something' for the animal and to minimise animal welfare related concerns. A range of CAM information sources were also consulted by farmers including, holistic health management organisations/courses, online materials, and pharmacies. Participating farmers associate the use of CAM approaches with other holistic health management practices, human-animal interactions, the actual character and physical characteristics of an animal and animal welfare. This indicates that CAM use is seen by farmers as part of a wider ethos and belief about holistic farming practices and land use. Additionally, data implies that some farmers value their positive personal experiences of CAM use over scientific evidence. In contrast, barriers to CAM use were also identified including: the perception that CAM approaches are reserved specifically for organic systems, little access to CAM and related resources and some existing tensions between farmers and other stakeholders' views. Early findings suggest that farmers are influenced in their use of CAM by a range of individuals within the agriculture community, including veterinary surgeons (some of whom use homeopathic practices), mainstream farming press and pro-CAM organisations and advisors.

4.
J Integr Complement Med ; 28(9): 757-767, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2017651

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Prediabetes is a major public health concern. Different plant extracts are used in homeopathy as mother tinctures (MTs) for the treatment of prediabetes as an adjunct to individualized homeopathic medicines (IHMs); however, their effectiveness remains under-researched. Design: Open-label, randomized (1:1), active-controlled, pragmatic, exploratory trial. Setting: Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Howrah, West Bengal, India. Subjects: Eighty-nine patients with prediabetes. Interventions: Group 1 (n = 45; IHMs plus any one of the following MTs: Cephalandra indica, Gymnema sylvestre, and Syzygium jambolanum; experimental/verum) versus Group 2 (n = 44; IHMs only; control). Outcome measures: Blood parameters, including-the fasting blood sugar (FBS) level, blood sugar level 2 h after ingestion of 75 g of glucose (oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT] result), and glycosylated hemoglobin percentage (HbA1c%), and symptoms, including the Diabetes Symptom Checklist-Revised (DSC-R) score; all of them were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months. Results: Although recruitment of 140 patients was initially planned, the target sample size could not be achieved because of coronavirus disease pandemic-related restrictions. Only 89 patients could be enrolled, and the trial had to be terminated prematurely owing to the time constraints of the project. The data of 82 patients (Group 1, n = 40; Group 2, n = 42) were analyzed using a modified intention-to-treat approach. Improvements in all outcomes were greater in Group 1 than in Group 2, but without a significant difference: FBS level (F1, 80 = 4.095, p = 0.046), OGTT result (F1, 80 = 2.399, p = 0.125), HbA1c% (F1, 80 = 1.612, p = 0.208), and DSC-R score (F1, 80 = 0.023, p = 0.880). Conclusions: A promising but nonsignificant trend favored the combination of MTs and IHMs compared with IHMs alone among the patients with prediabetes, especially in FBS. Therefore, further studies are required. Clinical Trial Registration Number: CTRI/2018/08/015319; secondary identifier (UTN): U1111-1218-6016.


Subject(s)
Homeopathy , Prediabetic State , Blood Glucose/analysis , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Prediabetic State/blood , Prediabetic State/drug therapy
5.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21: 4-17, June 20, 2022.
Article in English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1989142

ABSTRACT

Since the initiation of vaccine rollout, breakthrough COVID-19 infections have been reported. While conventional therapy is the accepted mode of treatment, there has been little recognition of the role played by the alternative therapies like homeopathy. The purposes of this study were to identify the clinico-symptomatic profile of the vaccine breakthrough covid-19 infections and to assess the response of individualized homoeopathic treatment in these breakthrough cases. A retrospective data analysis of patients treated with homoeopathic medicines who confirmed the breakthrough infection criteria: positive infection ≥14 days after completion of both the recommended doses of an authorized COVID-19 vaccine was conducted. IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 was used for data analysis with a p-value below 0.05 defined as significant. WHO Clinical Progression Scale and Outcome in Relation to Impact on Daily Living score were used as outcome measures. In total 73 cases were reported to be vaccine breakthrough infections. The median recovery time reported in the data set was 9 ± 2 days. While 5 patients dropped out, 68 (93.15%) patients responded positively to homeopathic treatment, and 55 (75.34%) recovered completely with normalized serological markers/ nasal swabs/ HRCT Chest. About 29 (39.72%) of these presented with mild clinical manifestations, 26 (35.61%) moderate, 17 (23.28%) severe and 1 (1.36%) was critical. 10 homeopathic remedies were prescribed to these 73 patients. Majority of the patients attained an ORIDL score of 4. Maximum patients reported a WHO clinical Progression score of 3. Statistical analysis showed a significant response to homeopathic treatment in the study group. Vaccine breakthrough cases occur in a fraction of vaccinated people. Despite the limited number of study subjects, homoeopathy showed some promising results in the present setup. The response rate was highest in the moderate and severe cases which suggest the importance of consideration of alternative medicine in the current pandemic. Further exploratory research studies and comparative clinical trials may be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Homeopathic Anamnesis , Homeopathic Therapeutics , COVID-19/therapy
6.
Trop Med Infect Dis ; 7(6)2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884358

ABSTRACT

Users of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have a lower intention to receive vaccines. Furthermore, Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region are among the most affected areas by the COVID-19 pandemics and present a high proportion of CAM users. Therefore, this study evaluates the association between the consumption of herbal supplements or homeopathic remedies to prevent COVID-19 and the intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 in the LAC region. We conducted a secondary data analysis of a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) survey with Facebook to assess COVID-19 beliefs, behaviours, and norms. Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) with their respective 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using generalized linear models of the Poisson family with the log link function. The prevalence of the use of products to prevent COVID-19 was the following: consumption of herbal supplements (7.2%), use of homeopathic remedies (4.8%), and consumption of garlic, ginger, and lemon (11.8%). An association was found between using herbal supplements (19.0% vs. 12.8%; aPR = 1.44; 95% CI: 1.30-1.58), the use of homeopathic remedies (20.3% vs. 12.3%; aPR = 1.58; 95% CI: 1.25-1.98), and the consumption of garlic, ginger, and lemon (18.9% vs. 11.9%; aPR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.50-1.61) and non-intention to vaccinate against COVID-19. In the LAC population, there is an association between using herbal supplements, using homeopathic remedies and consuming garlic, ginger, and lemon to prevent infection by COVID-19 and non-intention to vaccinate against this disease. Therefore, it is necessary to design targeted strategies for groups that consume these products as preventive measures against COVID-19 to increase vaccination coverage and expand the information regarding transmission and prevention strategies for SARS-CoV-2.

7.
Current Traditional Medicine ; 8(1):48-54, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1883809

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 virus has become the most threatening infectious disease all over the world. From the beginning of the pandemic till today, a large number of researches have been conducted and are still going on to develop appropriate therapeutics that can prevent and cure this viral infection successfully. But unfortunately, modern western medicine could not find any effective drug that has no toxic effects on the host cell. TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) has shown promising effects against COVID-19. The TCM contains naturally occurring herbal decoctions, which have shown promising blocking of viral progression in the host cell. The ayurvedic formulations containing homeopathic medicine, unani medicine and yoga altogether can counteract the virus. However, the traditional medicine system is unable to cure properly, but it can be a possible prevention strategy to stop this virus’ pandemicity. This review focuses on how ayurvedic medicines, homeopathic treatment strategies and yoga can impact on preventing viral infection.

8.
National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology ; 12(5):669-673, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1863184

ABSTRACT

Background: Alternative medicine systems in India are growing with the advancement of research and pharmaceuticals. The disease – COVID-19 has still no specific treatment modality and the pandemic is continuing. Among the alternative medicine systems, which one is searched more with a connection to the pandemic, are still unknown. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed to assess the global and Indian internet search volume of alternative system medicine – Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy during the past 2 years of the pandemic (March 2020– March 2022). Materials and Methods: On the Google Trends website (https://trends.google.com), we used the following combination of phrases to search the trend and compare the trends: “COVID Ayurveda,” “COVID Yoga,” “COVID Unani,” “COVID Siddha,” and “COVID Homeopathy.” The data were filtered with the date range from April 1, 2020 to March 31, 2022. First, the data were collected for the whole world and then India. All the comma separated values were downloaded for further data analysis. Results: Globally, there were two spikes of searching the COVID and Yoga in the second wave and third wave. Search for homeopathy and Ayurveda also showed two peaks during the first and second waves. In India, there were three spikes of search volume for yoga in three waves. The search for homeopathy showed a peak in the first wave. We found a significant positive correlation between global searches and Indian searches. This indicates a correlated demand or knowledge-seeking regarding alternative medicine. Conclusion: People around the world search for alternative medicine as a possible treatment method for COVID-19. The most common search was for Yoga, followed by homeopathy and Ayurveda in the global population. In India, yoga was the highest searched method followed by homeopathy and Ayurveda.

9.
J Ayurveda Integr Med ; 13(1): 100476, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1838960

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is ravaging the world, leaving the mainstream medical system handicapped with no proven treatment at one end and the ambiguities regarding the efficacies of vaccines at the other. The elderly population is at greater risk in terms of complications and death. The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) against COVID-19 has already been documented in countries like China with a national participation rate of 90%. In this regard, the practice of CAM especially Ayurveda is relevant in India. The current report is a case series of 64 elderly COVID-19 patients managed through a Non-Linear multi-modal Ayurveda Intervention (NLMAI) via online consultation. NLMAI is a combination of herbal and herbo-mineral drug interventions, lifestyle modifications, and psychological support done in 2 phases. The post-management analysis revealed a mean duration of 11 symptoms of COVID-19 assessed through survival function as 0.577 days [SE=0.39] with a CI of 95% [0.500-0.653] which was considerably low when compared to global statistics. Moreover, none of the cases advanced to complications or death. Hence, novel approaches like NLMAI can be utilized to counter the gravity of the COVID-19 after scientific validation.

10.
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology ; 15(3):1348-1352, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1822794

ABSTRACT

This review highlights the regulatory status of herbal medicines in India and in specific countries. The herbal medicines are being used in different system of medicines like the Ayurveda, siddha, homeopathy, unani and Chinese system of medicine. The regulatory authorities and WHO are making efforts to collaborate in order to for a harmonized herbal medicine regulation. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940 and Rules 1945 consist of the regulatory guidance and guidelines for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha medicine. The herbal medicines are being categorized as Complimentary medicines, Natural health products, Prescription medicines, over the counter medicines, Supplements, Traditional herbal medicines globally.

11.
Natural Volatiles & Essential Oils ; 8(4):8558-8585, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1790286

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has become a major cause of concern for the healthcare profession. Indian medicine practitioners, such as in, allopathic systems are used for treating the infection, but unfortunately there is no specific medicine for COVID-19. The Ayurvedic fraternity is looking forward to the active involvement in the prevention and cure for COVID-19. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the awareness about COVID-19 symptoms and precautions among practitioners of traditional Indian medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha and Homeopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted among 112 individuals practising Indian Medicine through google form. The responses were recorded in the SPSS software version 25. The responses were recorded in the form of bar graphs and pie charts. RESULT: Among the 112 individuals 99.9% respondents exhibited high level knowledge about COVID-19 symptoms and precautions. Most of the respondents chose home remedies and natural ayurvedic medicines and syrup for boosting their immunity and to keep themselves healthy and fit. CONCLUSION: The individuals who attended this survey were well aware of COVID-19 and its precautions and thus were confident in treating the various symptoms.

12.
International Journal of Life Sciences ; 8(2):327-341, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1777070

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a public health emergency of international concern. The outbreak of the disease began as pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, China. It is a virus induced respiratory illness caused by SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2). Close genetic similarity with the bat SARS- like coronavirus RaTG13 and the presence of high degree of similarity between ACE-2 receptors among various animals and humans indicate its likely origin from bats. Person to person contact was also identified. There is no clear evidence of vertical transmission of the virus yet, though its presence is detected in semen of affected individuals. Symptoms appear 2 to 14 days post- exposure and include dyspnoea, coughing, sore throat, fever, repeated shaking with chills, myalgia and anosmia. In some cases, diarrhoea, cutaneous manifestations such as chilblain-like foot lesions have also been reported. Coagulopathy is most probably a consequence of massive inflammatory response and may contribute to the occurrence of thrombosis. The severity of the disease ranges from very mild to severe depending upon the age, immune status and presence of comorbidities. In severe disease, elevated serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines like Interleukin-1, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-12, Interferon-gamma and TGF- beta along with increased level of chemokines are observed. Histopathological examination revealed pulmonary edema along with formation of hyaline membrane and monocytosis. Liver biopsy revealed moderate microvesicular steatosis. Blood examination showed decreased number of CD4 and CD8 cells. Animal trials have shown that ferrets and cats are susceptible to the disease while dogs, ducks, pigs and chickens are not. The results of Thin slice Computed Tomography showed multifocal ground glass opacities. Treatment is not specific. Hydroxychloroquine led to the reduction of viral load. On 1st May, 2020, FDA agreed for Emergency Usage Authorization for the use of Remdesivir as it showed promising results in cell culture, animal models as well as in human trials by decreasing the mortality. Maintenance of hand hygiene and proper cough hygiene is essential. Cowpathy is known to have multiple health restoring properties for boosting immunity and bioenhancer activity, which can also be utilized for prevention and control of coronavirus spread in population. AYUSH ministry of India has reported the beneficial effects of Sanshamani vati, ayurvedic concoction and homeopathic medicine Arsenicum album and initiated the clinical trial studies on Ashwagandha, Pipali, Yashtimadhu, Guduchi and Ayush-64 combination of herbs. Therefore, preventive and control measures are a must to minimize health losses and decrease the burden on health care system.

13.
Advances in Integrative Medicine ; 9(1):1-2, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1767826
14.
J Integr Med ; 20(3): 221-229, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1734761

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Different homeopathic approaches have been used as supportive care for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases, but none has been tested in a clinical trial. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of the homeopathic medicine, Natrum muriaticum LM2, for mild cases of COVID-19. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: A randomized, double-blind, two-armed, parallel, single-center, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted from June 2020 to April 2021 in São-Carlos, Brazil. Participants aged > 18 years, with influenza-like symptoms and positive result from a real-time polymerase chain reaction test for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 were recruited and randomized (1:1) into two groups that received different treatments during a period of at-home-isolation. One group received the homeopathic medicine Natrum muriaticum, prepared with the second degree of the fifty-millesimal dynamization (LM2; Natrum muriaticum LM2), while the other group received a placebo. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoint was time until recovery from COVID-19 influenza-like symptoms. Secondary measures included a survival analysis of the number and severity of COVID-19 symptoms (influenza-like symptoms plus anosmia and ageusia) from a symptom grading scale that was informed by the participant, hospital admissions, and adverse events. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate time-to-event (survival) measures. RESULTS: Data from 86 participants were analyzed (homeopathy, n = 42; placebo, n = 44). There was no difference in time to recovery between two groups among participants who were reporting influenza-like symptoms at the beginning of monitoring (homeopathy, n = 41; placebo, n = 41; P = 0.56), nor in a sub-group that had at least 5 moderate to severe influenza-like symptoms at the beginning of monitoring (homeopathy, n = 15; placebo, n = 17; P = 0.06). Secondary outcomes indicated that a 50% reduction in symptom score was achieved significantly earlier in the homeopathy group (homeopathy, n = 24; placebo, n = 25; P = 0.04), among the participants with a basal symptom score ≥ 5. Moreover, values of restricted mean survival time indicated that patients receiving homeopathy might have improved 0.9 days faster during the first five days of follow-up (P = 0.022). Hospitalization rates were 2.4% in the homeopathy group and 6.8% in the placebo group (P = 0.62). Participants reported 3 adverse events in the homeopathy group and 6 in the placebo group. CONCLUSION: Results showed that Natrum muriaticum LM2 was safe to use for COVID-19, but there was no statistically significant difference in the primary endpoints of Natrum muriaticum LM2 and placebo for mild COVID-19 cases. Although some secondary measures do not support the null hypothesis, the wide confidence intervals suggest that further studies with larger sample sizes and more symptomatic participants are needed to test the effectiveness of homeopathic Natrum muriaticum LM2 for COVID-19. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN Clinical Trials Registry ID: JPRN-UMIN000040602.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Homeopathy , Influenza, Human , Materia Medica , COVID-19/therapy , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Materia Medica/therapeutic use , Primary Health Care , Treatment Outcome
15.
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine ; 27:233-239, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1589859

ABSTRACT

Salt therapy has been used for millennia, but modern salt therapy can be traced to the salt mines and caves in Europe and Russia from the early 19th century. Today, breathing in the microclimate of caves with their stable air temperature and moderate to high humidity in the presence of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium and the absence of airborne pollutants and pollen is called speleotherapy. The inhalation of natural pure sodium chloride (NaCl) in a controlled environment (air temperature 18° to 24°C and relative humidity 40% to 60%) is called halotherapy. The main active ingredient in halo- and speleotherapy is NaCl aerosol particles, which penetrate all layers of the respiratory tract. In addition to their antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, salt particles also facilitate mucociliary transport and reduce immunogloblin E (IgE) levels. Clinical trials have confirmed that salt therapy is an effective option for relieving symptoms and improving functional parameters in sinusitis, bronchiectasis, chronic bronchitis, mild and moderate asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Rinsing with hypertonic saline has been found to be beneficial in reducing airway inflammation in patients with bronchiolitis. In addition to avoidance, salt therapy should be recommended as a complementary therapy in patients with prolonged exposure to indoor air dampness microbiota, which may cause damage to the respiratory mucosa. Salt therapy is safe and well tolerated. (Altern Ther Health Med. 2021;27(S1):233-239)

16.
European Journal of Integrative Medicine ; 48, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1587777

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the COVID-19 pandemic an interprofessional integrative medicine module for undergraduate students including the study programmes medicine, nursery, physiotherapy, midwifery science, occupational therapy and logopaedics could not be performed in presence. This study describes the implementation and evaluation of an interprofessional online module in complementary and integrative medicine education in comparison to a traditional face-to-face module. Methods: The interprofessional online module consisted of ten 90-minute seminars in winter semester 2020/2021: basics of complementary and integrative medicine, acupuncture/Chinese medicine, manual medicine/therapy, aromatherapy, anthroposophic medicine, osteopathy, homeopathy, nutritional therapy, scientific approaches in complementary and integrative medicine, and an interprofessional case discussion. Students were asked to complete an online-questionnaire before and after the module in order to enable pre-post comparisons. Results were compared with pre-post evaluations of the traditional module in winter semester 2018/2019, summer semester 2019 and winter semester 2019/2020. Results: In total, 127 students participated in the online module, 106 students in three semesters of the traditional module due to limited participation in presence. The online module was evaluated with 1.8 on a scale from 1 ‚very good‘ to 6 ‚unsatisfactory‘, the traditional module with 1.6. Students assessed the module as similarly well organized (p=0.326);online students evaluated their learning gains smaller than traditional students (p=0.011). Whether students preferred online education, traditional education or (part-)presence education that is streamed online, changed between the themes of the seminars: manual medicine/therapy (74 %, n=31), acupuncture (64 %, n=27), and osteopathy (64 %, n=27) were rather preferred in presence or (part-)presence. Conclusions: An online module in interprofessional undergraduate integrative medicine education is feasible and highly appreciated by students during the COVID-19 pandemic. The module will be revised based on the students‘ evaluations and offered in summer semester 2021. Keywords: Integrative Medicine, Complementary Therapies, Interprofessional Education, Online Education, Learning

17.
TMR Integrative Medicine ; 5:1-9, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1573208

ABSTRACT

Camphor (C10H16O) is a white crystalline solid exist in enantiomeric form R and S camphor. It is a terpenoid obtained from turpentine oil. Synthetically it is synthesized by catalytic process as alpha pinene. Naturally camphor is obtained by steam distillation of woods of Cinnamomum camphora tree, also known as Camphor tree, camphor laure and camphor wood. Camphor has many pharmacological properties. It acts as antiviral, anticancerous, antimicrobial, insecticidal, anticoccidial, anti-nociceptive and antitussive drug. In addition, it can be used as skin penetrating enhancer. Camphor gives a soothing and cooling effect, which helps to reduce pain. The reason behind its soothing effect is camphor act as a counter-irritant by activating heat sensitive transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 and transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 3 receptors and inhibits the transient receptor potential melastatin-subfamily member 8 receptor. As a result, these receptors provide a sensation of scalding heat and pain (nociception) and could be used to treat neuropathic pain associated with multiple sclerosis, chemotherapy, or amputation, as well as pain associated with the inflammatory response of damaged tissue such as in osteoarthritis. Camphor has a history of epidemics cure. During leishmaniosis (kala-azar) pandemic in 14th century, camphor was used as fumigant to control the spread of plague in European countries. In 19th century when cholera, small pox and influenza spreads, camphor was used as mothballs in Indian subcontinent as a (cough reliever) agent. During 18th century Russian influenza “flu pandemic” founder of Homeopathy Hahnemann in 1831, published his research work on camphor and suggested camphor as a “divine remedy” for influenza given in extremely small doses. In the same year, several companies launched to sell menthol rub as natural rub ointment consisting camphor as prevention measures for spread of influenza. As the recent epidemic of COVID-19 arises, prevention and control of spread of disease is an alarming issue. This article covered the glimpse of uses and importance of camphor in the history of epidemic cure.

18.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ; 13(3), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1573118

ABSTRACT

Background: The severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has caused many infections with numerous deaths worldwide. Still, the number of infected cases with deaths is escalating day by day. Alternative medicine (AMs) viz., Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Unani, yoga, Herbal medicine, are being promoted for the prevention of COVID-19. Complementary and Alternative Medicines (CAM) are gaining rapid acceptance among individuals. Therefore, the aim was to study the pattern of CAM use for prophylaxis of COVID-19. Methods: A survey was conducted amongst 456 individuals to assess the use of various CAM modalities for the prevention of COVID-19. Respondents who gave consent were assessed by a pre-structured questionnaire. Results: Out of 456 respondents enrolled in the study, the use of CAM was almost equal in both males (49.34%) and Females (50.65%). Homeopathy (30.48%) was the most common type of CAM used, and Ayurveda was used by 22.80% of respondents. Social media was used by 44.51%, and Official govt. Web sites were least used (20.61%). The most common reason for using CAM was to buildup immunity (21.05%) . 92.98% and 91.22% of CAM users have shown improvement in overall well-being, and stress reduction respectively, but results were not statistically significant. Conclusions: High percentage of the participant’s demonstrated awareness towards most of the CAM modalities. They considered using multiple CAM modalities in the prevention of Covid-19 but consultation with qualified CAM health care professionals should be advocated.

19.
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine ; 27(11):A9, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1554675

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Complaints related to mental health and psychiatric illnesses have emerged since the beginning of SARSCoV- 2 pandemic, especially among health-care workers (HCWs). Acupuncture could be a useful tool in this context. Objective: To describe the experience of using acupuncture in an integrative initiative at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (HU-UFSC) to provide care to HCWs with medical disorders that have emerged or aggravated during the pandemic. Methods: HU-UFSC has implemented a contingency plan to cope with the new demands that emerged as a result of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Within this contingency plan, a support team to HU-UFSC's HCWs was established. The initiative offered a comprehensive integrative approach that included acupuncture, psychiatry, psychology and homeopathy. HCWs sought support as they presented evolving symptoms or worsening of chronic conditions. Results: From April 2020 to July 2020, the acupuncture team completed a total of 340 appointments. Most patients were treated with acupuncture once a week for approximately 4 weeks. A survey of chief complaints showed that 83% of patients had mental health complaints. Among those, 56% had concurrent pain disorders;10% sought care for pain conditions exclusively and 7% reported other complaints. Mental health-related complaints were mostly associated with worsening of preexisting conditions, mainly anxiety, followed by irritability and sleep disorders. We observed a large number of patients with acute chronic pain associated with mental health complaints (56%). The three acupuncture medical professionals and two acupuncture residents involved in this project observed a significant improvement in symptoms among HCWs treated with acupuncture. In addition, the integrative approach facilitated the process of coping with suffering triggered by the pandemic. Conclusion:The present experience of using acupuncture for workers in a Brazilian university hospital setting suggests that acupuncture may help individuals suffering from mental health issues triggered by the pandemic.

20.
Padiatr Padol ; 56(5): 230-234, 2021.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1453759

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Parents are faced with a vaccination decision in the context of their own vaccination and that of their children with a COVID-19 vaccine. At present, there is no (complete) vaccination recommendation. RESEARCH QUESTION: The study investigates the willingness to vaccinate of parents of minors and people without children who are minors, in which gender differences in particular are examined. METHODS: The study is based on a random sample (telephone survey, n = 2,014, collected between 12 November and 10 December 2020). The evaluation is primarily based on the sub-sample of people with minors in the household (n = 461). RESULTS: Parents of minors consistently show a lower willingness to be vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine than respondents without minors (54.1% vs 71.1%). Fathers show a stronger willingness to be vaccinated than mothers. Furthermore, men are more willing to get their own child vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine than are women. CONCLUSIONS: Among parents and especially mothers, a considerable misrepresentation of vaccination risks and frequent beliefs in vaccination conspiracy theories can be observed. Clear and easily understandable information on the effects and side effects of vaccination with a COVID-19 vaccine by relevant institutions and physicians is recommended.

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