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1.
Ann Tour Res ; 90: 103120, 2021 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2075911
2.
Health Serv Insights ; 15: 11786329221125409, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2070681

ABSTRACT

This study examined savings from averted missed appointments following telemedicine adoption. Data were obtained from a large Federally Qualified Health Center in Texas during the early pandemic months. Patient encounters fell into one of three categories: (1) in-person visit, (2) telemedicine alone with no support team engagement, and (3) telemedicine with previsit support team engagement for device and connectivity testing. Our findings revealed that in-person visits had a 21% missed appointment rate compared to 19% for telemedicine alone and 15% for telemedicine with previsit support. Translating the reductions following both telemedicine encounters into net reimbursement, telemedicine alone saved the Federally Qualified Health Center $16 444 per month, while telemedicine + support team reduced missed appointments and saved the clinic an additional $29 134. The revenue from averted missed appointments totaled $45 578 per month. In conclusion, telemedicine reduced missed appointments, and these averted missed appointments translated into cost-savings. Savings were more pronounced with the implementation of a support team that conducted previsit device and connectivity testing.

3.
Sustainability ; 14(19):11967, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066381

ABSTRACT

Local government debt is the biggest “gray rhino” of China’s economy and one of the most significant factors affecting the sustainability of economic growth. We use the macroeconomic data of China’s real economy development level and local government debt from 2000 to 2020 to investigate the impact of local government debt on the real economy using the spatial Durbin model, focusing on the impact of the local government debt scale on the development of the real economy in jurisdictions and non-jurisdictions and the intermediation effect of finance under the geospatial correlation characteristics of economic development. The results show that the spatial correlation of the real economy between jurisdictions prevails and the correlation deepens over time. The scale of local government debt in China has exceeded a reasonable threshold, and the crowding-out effect of debt expansion on the real economy is obvious and not limited by jurisdictions, with significant spatial spillover effects. Financial marketization can effectively mitigate the crowding-out effect of local government debt on the real economy. These findings provide useful references for mapping the correlated development characteristics of local government debt and the real economy in China, effectively preventing local government debt risks and high leverage of the real economy and financial systemic risks, and providing effective insights for other countries to resolve government debt problems, prevent crises, and promote local economic development.

4.
Energies ; 15(19):7374, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2065784

ABSTRACT

With rising electricity demand, heavy reliance on imports, and recent economic downturns due to the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, supply chain bottlenecks, and the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Thailand is suffering severely from energy resilience risks. The government has therefore set a goal of decentralizing energy production through small-scale distributed renewable energy systems. To support their design and the planning process, we simulate multiple scenarios with wind turbines, photovoltaic systems, and battery storage for a model community in rural Nakhon Phanom, Thailand. Using the software NESSI4D, we evaluate and discuss their impact on energy resilience by considering environmental sustainability, economic attractiveness, and independence from the central power grid. To fill the gap of missing data on energy demand, we synthesize high-resolution load profiles from the Thailand Vietnam Socio-Economic Panel. We conclude that distributed photovoltaic systems with additional battery storage are only suitable to promote energy resilience if the government provides appropriate financial incentives. Considering temporal variations and local conditions, as well as a participatory decision-making process, are crucial for the long-term success of energy projects. Our advice to decision-makers is to design policies and regulatory support that are aligned with the preferences and needs of target communities.

5.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1083(1):012087, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2062807

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the pattern of human life, one of the impacts of this change is people’s economic activities going digital by utilizing supply chain information systems. The purpose of this study is to examine how much influence supply chain information systems have on the growth of the digital economy of developing countries, in this case Indonesia, along with transportation needs for logistics. This paper uses a systems meta-analysis by conducting a survey and review of several articles related to supply chains, digital economy, and logistics that have been published in reputable international journals. Coupled with 55 respondents, 30 endusers, 10 resellers, market place users and drop shippers, as well as 5 domestic logistics service providers. To test the consistency of the answers to the questions that have been asked, validity and reliability tests were conducted. After being calculated using simple statistics, it was found that the supply chain information system after the COVID-19 pandemic was very influential, although partial to the enormous increase in economic growth towards digital and the growth of logistics services had increased.

6.
22nd COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals, CICTP 2022 ; : 887-898, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2062366

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 and the unprecedented policies issued by the government have compelled citizens to reshape their daily travel behavior. Questionnaires were designed to obtain three main related indicators of socio-economic and demographic characteristics, primary travel purposes and patterns, and factors influencing mode choice to explore the impact of the pandemic on travel behavior and mode preferences of urban residents. By applying the online survey method with Snowball sampling techniques, a total of 591 valid questionnaire responses from Hong Kong residents were received in the designated time period. Then, the non-parametric test methods (e.g., McNemar-Bowker test and Mann-Whitney U test) were employed to implement the statistical analysis. Traffic administrators can use the survey findings to adjust current policies or delineate new policies to align with the passenger travel behavior. This will ensure more fluid and safer transportation. © ASCE.

7.
International Journal of Sustainable Economy ; 14(4):429-440, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2054419

ABSTRACT

This article analyses the impact of COVID-19 on the volatility of ESG investing in India. Furthermore, it assesses the investment certainty in ESG related activities in India after detecting the first case of disease. A generalised autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity model has been applied to the S&P BSE 100 ESG Index returns. The results show that after COVID-19, the risk related to the market price of the S&P BSE 100 ESG Index has increased, and the certainty of investment decreased. Further, the result of the GARCH (1, 1) model estimation indicates the presence of a large degree of persistency in the S&P BSE 100 ESG index. In addition, after reporting the first case of COVID-19, unconditional variance has been increased by 211.98%.

8.
Journal of Mathematics ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2053396

ABSTRACT

The ultimate goals of digital transformation, which is the only means of realizing the sustainable development of current enterprises, are to achieve cost reduction, efficiency improvement, and innovation for enterprises. However, there are limited empirical quantitative studies on the investment costs and impact of organizational performance related to the digital transformation of small- and medium-sized listed companies. This study first uses Excel VBA to sort the digital transformation panel data of 319 small- and medium-sized listed companies in China’s Shanghai and Shenzhen A-share markets from 2007 to 2020. Thereafter, Stata, a general-purpose statistical software package, is used to analyze the impact of digital transformation on the performance of small- and medium-sized listed companies. The results show that the digital transformation of small- and medium-sized listed companies has a positive correlation with operational performance, and an inverted U-shaped relationship with innovation performance;however, the U-shaped relationship with financial performance is not significant. For small- and medium-sized listed companies to promote digital transformation, first, it must help the organization to improve its internal operational efficiency;second, it can optimize and improve the organization’s financial efficiency;and finally, through innovative efficiency, the organization can continue to develop steadily and improve its organizational resilience.

9.
Intelligent Systems Conference, IntelliSys 2022 ; 543 LNNS:328-338, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2048142

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak and the resulting mobility controls have led to profound changes in consumers’ grocery purchase preferences. This study explores the consumer demand response to the spread of the coronavirus and its variants. We establish a regression model, apply it to sales history data from a major North American retailer, and study the consumer preference in what food they buy and through which channel. While our empirical results provide data-driven support to several academic and industry viewpoints, and some counterexamples, a systematic implementation of the model can automatically provide managerial insights on future trends across vendors, brands and specific products. © 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

10.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1176-1177, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2047123

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 public health emergency is leading to challenges for healthcare professionals, students, patients with COVID-19 and vulnerable persons, blocking the economic development and mental wellbeing. The pandemic containment measures and the fear of infection have caused psychological distress and inflamed underlying diseases Objective: To analyse the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the Mental Health in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region, Italy, focusing on depression disorder and Antidepressants consumption. Furthermore, to assess the state of adverse event reports, from spontaneous signalling method, in patients taking Antidepressants Methods: For consumption data extraction I utilized the Regional Social and Health Information System. About reports of ADRs based on the National Pharmacovigilance Network I used the VigiSegn app. I accessed on INTERCheck System to balancing the risks and benefits of therapies. I compared two periods from 11.03.2019 to 10.03.2020 and from 11.03.2020 to 11.03.2021 separated by 11 March 2020, when the Director General of the WHO described the situation as a pandemic [1]. Antidepressants were classified using the ATC code system. Anonymous drug utilization was expressed in DDDs Results: Since 11 March 2020 I observed a marginal increase in consumption of sertraline, trazodone and vortioxetine. Regarding pharmaceutical spending there has been an increase of sertraline, trazodone, vortioxetine, bupropion, mirtazapine and venlafaxine. In the feminine gender, I observed an increase in AD consumption in the age ranges < 15 yrs, 16-19, 30-34, 55-59, 60-64, 70-74, 80-84, over 85;in the male gender in the ranges < 15 yrs, 20-24, 30-34, 55-59, 70-74, 80-84, over 85 (Picture 1). Concerning ADRs I analysed one tab about AD out of a total of 2146 medicines and vaccines reports in which the "hyponatremia" is reported on the warning label and caused by significant drug interactions Conclusion: Although the SARS-CoV-2 public health emergency is a rapidly evolving situation, the knowledge about the impact on the Mental Health is still limited. It is likely that the psychosocial demand will increase in the coming months. In the regional context, the thesis has highlighted a very slight rise in AD consumptions and a cant decrease spontaneous signalling method compared to the previous year. These scenarios also depend on the new balance of health services and the lack of access to care (10% of citizens has given up on care) [13, 14]. The healthcare systems will have to face important challenges and the success of the creation of high-quality healthcare reality will depend on the alliance between healthcare specialists

11.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1181, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2046918

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Falsified medical products may contain no active ingredient, the wrong active ingredient, or the wrong amount of the correct active ingredient [1]. The prevalence of falsified medicines spans from 1% in developed settings to 10% in the Global South [2]. Due to broken supply chains, strong demand for medicines and limited capacities of law enforcement, the COVID-19 pandemic created the optimal conditions for the falsified medicines' market to expand. Objective: Aim of this is to present evidence about the surge in counterfeit medicines amid the COVID-19 crisis. Methods: This review examines the existing published scientific literature and peer-to-peer networks, grey literature as well as briefs and policy reports on counterfeit medicines amid COVID-19 pandemic. Results: According to EOCD, People's Republic of China and India are the primary producers of counterfeit medicines, with the United Arab Emirates, Singapore and Hong Kong (China) serving as transit economies [3]. The review has identified three areas of impact for counterfeit medicines amid COVID-19. These are: (i) the increased demand for COVID-19-reated medicines, due to the medical supply restrictions related to the pandemic. These restrictions have been introduced by local authorities (e.g. supply restriction for Chloroquine and Azithromycin) or occurred because of air traffic reduction. Over 60 countries have implemented export restrictions and 25% of restricted products were medicines [4];(ii) E-commerce as a relevant platform for substandard medicines. For instance, advertisements of illicit COVD-19-related medical products have been reported on social media platforms, such as Instagram. According to the industry, online distribution becomes predominant and about 50% of purchases of illicit medicines are done on-line [5];(iii) weak regulatory frameworks, including insufficient technical capacity, constrained access and ineffective over-sight to address substandard and falsified medical products. WHO reports that 30 per cent of national regulatory authorities do not have full effective capacity to perform their functions [6]. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic has increased the vulnerability to counterfeit medicines, leading to serious damage to the health of individuals or failure to treat their medical needs adequately. The identifies three relevant governance gaps (increased demand, E-commerce and weak regulatory frameworks) to be further addressed in dedicated fora.

12.
International Journal of Supply and Operations Management ; 9(4):473-482, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040583

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the energy supply chain and some key economic sectors of the Vietnamese economy in order to assist Vietnamese policymakers in solving the extremely difficult issues of whether or not the government should limit the energy supply when the economic demand falls. The researcher applies the Structure Path Analysis method to evaluate the impact of the energy supply chain on the main business sectors of the economy from 2015 to 2020;and the Constrained Fixed method Price Multiplier to determine the effect of COVID19 on the energy supply chain before and after the epidemic. The results show that when the government is forced to limit the supply chain of coal, oil and electricity by 10-15%, it does not make much impact on the economy. However, if the government limits the supply chain by 20-25%, then it will have negative effect on the major industries of the economy, especially tourism, trade, construction, transportation and public services. The study also recommends how policymakers should limit the energy supply chain to a safe range for the economy of less than 15%.

13.
International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology ; 17(2):170-202, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2039459

ABSTRACT

A rapidly growing body of scholarly research discusses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the sharing economy (SE). This study aims to employ bibliometric analysis to examine the research themes, scholarly communities, evolution paths and research hotspots of the developing domain of COVID-19's SE research. Adopting an integrated bibliometric approach, this study analyses articles published on Web of Science from 2008 to 2019 and from 2020 to 2021. The outcomes of this study reveal that four new research themes including the COVID-19's impact were updated for the post-pandemic SE research. The scholarly communities' analysis identifies research changes of documents and published journals communities of COVID-19. The results also dig into the evolution path of the topic and instigate further research hotspots toward SE activities. Thus, we contribute to point out the research directions for the opportunities and challenges of SE after the COVID-19 pandemic.

14.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1082(1):012001, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037337

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has impacted the entire world dramatically. The unprecedented Covid-19 pandemic has widely impacted on Malaysia’s economy, especially towards the small-scale economic activities related to the small medium enterprises (SMEs). Therefore, this paper aims to determine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic towards the resilience of SMEs in Johor, Malaysia. The research methodology employed a quantitative method through a survey method via questionnaire sampling of 60 owners involved in SMEs operators across the case study. The research finding indicated that the Covid-19 pandemic had a massive influence on the economy of the majority of SMEs operators, especially on their income generations which average losses in revenue of more than 50 percent during the Covid-19 pandemic compared to 2019. This resulted from the shutdown of their business activities to curb the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. Other findings highlighted that the government’s initiatives to address the economic impact of SMEs yet insufficient to sustain business activities and income generations for instance access to financing facilities, product marketing opportunities and others. Therefore, required immediate initiatives should be made by all the stakeholders to reduce the economic impacts among the SMEs.

15.
IOP Conference Series. Earth and Environmental Science ; 1039(1):012032, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037324

ABSTRACT

Demographic bonus is a condition when productive force is more than non-productive force. The COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia has affected many areas, including Sleman Regency, DIY. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of COVID-19 on demographic bonus and the steps to maximize the demographic bonus to improve the development of Sleman Regency. The method used is population data collection for 2016-2020 from Badan Pusat Statistik of Sleman Regency and quantitative descriptive analysis based on trends in population statistics. This study found that the dependency ratio increased in 2019, followed by a significant decline in 2020. It was because the number of the productive population declined drastically in 2019 (114,276 people) and increased again in 2020 (85,854 people). The number of heads of poor families and the poor increased during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2019-2020 because many formal-informal sectors weren’t running due to government policies. It can be concluded that the demographic bonus of Sleman Regency isn’t affected by COVID-19 from the population structure point of view. Utilization of the demographic bonus can be done by increasing soft skills and hard skills to compete competitively and increasing the number of jobs.

16.
Ubiquitous Learning ; 16(1):1-12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030446

ABSTRACT

Since the pandemic outbreak, governments have introduced measures to decrease the spread of COVID-19. One of the measures widely implemented has been linked to social distancing. As a result of these measures, many activities had to be canceled or moved to a remote environment. This has also affected the education sector, where educators and students had to quickly adapt to online teaching and learning. Before the COVID-19 pandemic, in many schools, distance learning was very limited, or it did not exist at all. Even though it was mainly elementary and secondary schools that were adversely affected, many higher education institutions were also taken by surprise by the need to switch abruptly from onsite to online mode. The long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic remains to be studied and assessed in depth, but after two years since the first wave of the pandemic, lessons from the transition to online learning can be drawn. In this article, we analyze the impact of student specific characteristics and the perceived efficiency of online education on students’ knowledge acquired compared to their pre-pandemic performance. We find that perceived effectiveness of online education, size of the city of residence, and whether a student is a foreign or domestic student have a positive and statistically significant impact on students’ performance, compared to their pre-pandemic results.

17.
Sustainability ; 14(17):11032, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024215

ABSTRACT

Whether the construction of China’s cross-border e-commerce (CBEC) comprehensive pilot zones can promote economic growth and social sustainable development is an important question worthy of discussion. This paper uses the difference-in-differences (DID) method to test the impact of the establishment of CBEC comprehensive pilot zones on economic growth and discusses the impact mechanism. The results are as follows. (1) The construction of CBEC comprehensive pilot zones can promote economic growth. After testing with parallel trend, placebo, and other robustness methods, the results are still valid. (2) The economic promotion effect of the construction of CBEC comprehensive pilot zones will be more evident in the coastal and eastern regions. The economic promotion effect of the first, second, and third batch of CBEC comprehensive pilot zones is clear. (3) The main ways that the construction of CBEC comprehensive pilot zones can facilitate economic growth are through urban digitalization, trade openness, and information service industry agglomeration.

18.
Sustainability ; 14(17):10546, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024178

ABSTRACT

This study presents an innovative approach to measuring the impact of EU CAP direct payments on the economic resilience of agriculture at a sectoral level. The construct of resilience is approached from the perspective of the resilience of the main functions of the sector. The overall level of direct payments impact on sectoral economic resilience is seen as a weighted sum of the payments’ impact on the resilience of the main economic functions of the sector. Such an approach, allowing for a comprehensive estimate of subsidy impact on the most essential areas of agriculture, is universal and can be adapted to measure economic resilience of other economic sectors. For the empirical application we used panel data from 27 EU countries over the period 2005–2019. The results revealed that the overall impact of direct payments on the economic resilience of agriculture across EU-27 was positive. However, the influence of the payments on different key functions of the sector diverged. The most evident and alarming negative changes in the economic resilience levels were observed in terms of efficiency of farms. Negative impact on separate indicators may pose a risk that the influence of direct payments on economic resilience of agriculture may not be sustainable in the longer run.

19.
Sustainability ; 14(16):9889, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024116

ABSTRACT

As China attaches increasing importance to its ecological environment, ecology-related industries have become essential to China’s national economy. However, in the current national economic accounting practice, the ecological industry (eco-industry) is not independent, and the ecological service value ecology creates is currently not within the scope of national economic accounting. To clarify the impact of the development of the eco-industry on the whole regional economy, this paper takes Beijing as the study area. For the first time, the input–output analysis method is adopted to differentiate the eco-industry as an independent sector. Moreover, the ecosystem services value is integrated into the eco-industry, and each coefficient is quantitatively analyzed from an industrial-chain perspective. The results show that the eco-industry exerts a good pulling effect on the regional economy. The inputs and outputs of the eco-industry clearly tend to focus on eco-environmental and public-service-related industries, followed by industries for which ecological development can create value. Judging from the entire regional economy, ecological investment significantly impacts both the education and financial industries. Ecological investment can promote socio-economic development, achieving a 1.318 increase in regional GDP per unit of eco-investment. The results imply that the development of the eco-industry in China should be boosted further and social capital investment should be attracted. Finally, this paper provides a scientific basis for policymakers to better understand the overall situation of both the eco-industry and industry linkages and guide them to develop relevant ecological investment strategies.

20.
Forests ; 13(8):1313, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023320

ABSTRACT

Forest certification as a typical green trade measure has been gradually adopted by developed countries. Although it can promote the upgrading of forest products’ trade structure, it also threatens the stability of export growth. However, most studies have focused on the impact of forest certification on the total volume of forest product exports, but less on the impact on the growth structure. This study used the cross-country panel data and an extended gravity model to empirically analyze the impact of forest certification on the ternary margins of China’s forest products export to 39 countries that have introduced green trade measures from 2006 to 2019. The results show that the growth of China’s export of forest products is primarily driven by the quantitative margin, followed by the price margin. Forest certification in the trading partner countries has a significant positive impact on the price margin and a significant negative effect on the quantitative margin of China’s forest products. Furthermore, the effect on the quantitative margin is greater than that on the price margin, while the impact on the extensive margin is not significant. The study provides a scientific basis for responding to the forest certification measures, deepening cooperation with trading countries on forest products, and strengthening the mutual recognition and coordination of forest certification systems.

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