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1.
Global Business and Organizational Excellence ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2209126

ABSTRACT

In the competitive global marketplace, it is becoming important for organizations to empower employees for productivity reasons. One of the organizational empowerment models with greater support and consistency in the various studies in which it has been used is Spreitzer's Model of Psychological Empowerment in the Workplace, published in 1995. The model is composed of four dimensions that allow the measurement of the components of meaning, competence, self-determination and the impact of work on individual empowerment. The present study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties, in the Portuguese context, of the referred model. After the translation and adaptation of the psychological empowerment scale, the questionnaire was applied to a sample of 545 workers from Portuguese industrial organizations. The results of the application of structural equation modeling allow identifying the same components defined by the Spreitzer model, so it can be considered a reliable and valid instrument to measure organizational empowerment in the Portuguese context. However, we consider that complementary studies are necessary to analyze the psychometric properties of the scale and to further advance the research. The results obtained allow us to affirm that empowerment will be a basic strategy to improve the organizational transformations that companies constantly face. It is therefore important for Portuguese organizations to analyze the level of psychological empowerment of their employees, in order to find solutions to problems such as turnover, talent attraction, performance, work demotivation and improve human resource management practices. This is particularly important following the COVID-19 pandemic in which the psychology of employees was tested due to working from home and social distancing requirements. © 2023 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

2.
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Oeconomica ; 17(4), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2208049

ABSTRACT

At the beginning of February in 2020, no one could have imagined what would happen in the coming months due to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and, in particular, that it would become a health emergency and soon a global economic emergency. An economic emergency that we will probably compare to the crisis of 29. In the initial phase, the phenomenon was almost everywhere underestimated. All economic sectors were affected. Tourism is certainly one of the sectors that has suffered the most dramatic impact, the main cause being the lack of mobility of people, an essential condition for protection against Covid-19. The negative economic situation manifested itself in all sectors, affecting companies and destinations. The IMF (International Monetary Fund) predicted in mid-April 2020 a loss of -9.1% for Italy, -7.0% for Germany, over 10% for Greece, -5.9% in the US, -8% for Spain, -7.2% for France, -7.1% for the European Union as a whole, -6.5% for the United Kingdom, warning, however, that the compression of this sector could be even greater depending on the evolution of the pandemic. Many companies that belong to or have a connection with the various tourism sectors, immediately experienced a major liquidity crisis due to the almost total lack of demand. While expecting a certain recovery in the second half of the year, it is estimated that the turnover of hotel companies will decrease between 60% and 70% in 2020;Similar percentages indicate airlines, cruises, MICE sector (Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions). In Romania, the HORECA sector registered massive decreases, and the forecast still cannot fully appreciate the phenomenon.

3.
Revista Universidad Y Sociedad ; 14(6):322-332, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207941

ABSTRACT

When we talk about microenterprises, we automatically relate it with sources of employment, and it is really so, but what happened to these small microenterprises when the unexpected pandemic, better known as COVID-19, appeared, it imme-diately generated a high impact, because it brought with it illnesses, deaths, but above all it paralyzed all economic activities in microenterprises. The research was conducted in the Rio Negro parish, Banos de Agua Santa canton, to analyze the economic impact of Covid-19 on microenterprises. A questionnaire adapted from the survey: impact of Covid-19 on enter-prises, developed by the International Trade Center of the World Trade Organization, was applied to a sample of 109 micro -entrepreneurs. The validity of the results is evaluated through Pearson's Chi-Square correlating the variables. It is confirmed that there is an economic impact on micro-enterprises in Rio Negro during the pandemic. The study demonstrates the need to shape public policies to address the conditions of microenterprises in the midst of the pandemic.

4.
Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy ; 33(4):593-602, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207872

ABSTRACT

Stress during COVID-19 pandemic affects the physiological and immunological response to women's reproductive health. Meanwhile, A. graveolens and Eucalyptus globulus are immunomodulators related to women's reproductive health. This investigation had a goal to examine the effectiveness of A. graveolens and E. globulus towards the expression of Heat Shock Protein-70 (HSP70) as the primary biomarker of stress, Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF-alpha) as a pro-inflammatory protein, along with Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and Growth Differentiation Factor 9 (GDF-9) as folliculogenesis markers. An experimental randomized controlled trial was utilized by using a pre-test and post-test control group design. Sixty women, who had stress based on DASS-21 questionnaire, were divided into two groups in Nusukan Health Center, Indonesia. The intervention group was orally administered with 300 mg A. graveolens capsules and E. globulus essential oil for 14 days, while the control group was given a placebo. Blood samples and stress levels were then evaluated before and after the intervention. No significant difference was found in the stress levels of the control and treatment groups at the pre-test. Meanwhile, the intervention group had the decreased HSP70, TNF-alpha, and stress levels (p < 0.001). In contrast, increased LH and GDF-9 levels were displayed in the intervention group compared to the control group (p < 0.001). These findings revealed that A. graveolens supplementation and E. globulus essential oil have the ability to decrease stress and are able to protect folliculogenesis markers on women's reproductive health due to stressful conditions during pandemic COVID-19.

5.
Annals of the University of Petroşani. Economics ; 22(1):5-22, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207866

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic broke out by the beginning of 2020 and became one of the most relevant political, economic and social challenges at global level. From the beginning there was a wide consensus between scholars and experts from various fields of medical expertise (biomedicine, genetics, etc.) that the transport vehicle of the virus were the vital economic branches of world economies: business environment, trade, transports and tourism. In fact, now when the virus has entered apparently in Europe and in most parts of the world endemicity, it still has a high degree of uncertainty, and continues to have significant impact on economies worsened by the ongoing geopolitical crisis. While most papers are dedicated to the so-called 'engine economies' of the world, and in particular of the European Union, we intend to present how policy actions have impacted the economy of developing economies of Central and Eastern Europe, with emphasis on the national Romanian perspective. The labor market is where the lingering effects are best seen, as it is the meeting point for employees from both public and private sector, and actually one of the main targets of the various policy actions and measures. We use a framework based on the strategic and operational level, respectively where policy-decisions are made regarding various Covid-19 outspread prevention measures, and the operational level - where the effects are identified, and possible improvements proposed. The results show that the risk of divergence and increasing disparities is higher, in particular for the New Member-States, and that next to economic policy decisions, the way in which non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) influenced strongly the outcomes in various economic sectors. At the same time, the economies that succeeded in making use of digitalized means in various economic, social and cultural sectors had better overall results in overcoming the impact of the pandemic.

6.
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Oeconomica ; 17(5), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207735

ABSTRACT

As in many parts of the world, the Covid-19 sanitary pandemic has hit very hard the economies hard in the of the countries of the Western Balkans. The economy faced a "shock” both on the supply and on the demand. Most economic sectors were paralyzed. One of these sectors is the insurance market, which represents a relatively important weight for the economic and financial sector. The purpose of this article is to show the impact of Covid-19 on the insurance market in the three countries of the Western Balkans: Albania, Serbia and Northern Macedonia. Based on the specifics of this crisis and particularly that of the insurance sector, the purpose of this article is to verify the impact of Covid-19 on the insurance market and specifically, on the volumes of gross annual premiums. To verify it, we have analyzed the annual data of this sector, before the pandemic and throughout the pandemic. The results show that the Covid-19 pandemic for Albania and Macedonia has had a negative impact on the market of this sector, while for Serbia we have an increase in the annual data.

7.
Lancet Global Health ; 10(9):E1257-E1267, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207723

ABSTRACT

Background Public health emergencies can disrupt the provision of and access to essential health-care services, exacerbating health crises. We aimed to assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on essential health-care services in Kenya. Methods Using county-level data routinely collected from the health information system from health facilities across the country, we used a robust mixed-effect model to examine changes in 17 indicators of essential health services across four periods: the pre-pandemic period (from January, 2018 to February, 2020), two pandemic periods (from March to November 2020, and February to October, 2021), and the period during the COVID-19-associated health-care workers' strike (from December, 2020 to January, 2021). Findings In the pre-pandemic period, we observed a positive trend for multiple indicators. The onset of the pandemic was associated with statistically significant decreases in multiple indicators, including outpatient visits (28.7%;95% CI 16.0-43.5%), cervical cancer screening (49.8%;20.6-57.9%), number of HIV tests conducted (45.3%;23.943.0%), patients tested for malaria (31.9%;16.7-46.7%), number of notified tuberculosis cases (26.6%;14.7-45.1%), hypertension cases (10.4%;6.0-39.4%), vitamin A supplements (8.7%;7.9-10.5%), and three doses of the diphtheria, tetanus toxoid, and pertussis vaccine administered (0.9%;0.5-1.3%). Pneumonia cases reduced by 50.6% (31.3-67.3%), diarrhoea by 39.7% (24.8-62-7%), and children attending welfare clinics by 39.6% (23.5-47.1%). Cases of sexual violence increased by 8.0% (4.3-25.0%). Skilled deliveries, antenatal care, people with HIV infection newly started on antiretroviral therapy, confirmed cases of malaria, and diabetes cases detected were not significantly affected negatively. Although most of the health indicators began to recover during the pandemic, the health-care workers' strike resulted in nearly all indicators falling to numbers lower than those observed at the onset or during the pre-strike pandemic period. Interpretation The COVID-19 pandemic and the associated health-care workers' strike in Kenya have been associated with a substantial disruption of essential health services, with the use of outpatient visits, screening and diagnostic services, and child immunisation adversely affected. Efforts to maintain the provision of these essential health services during a health-care crisis should target the susceptible services to prevent the exacerbation of associated disease burdens during such health crises. Copyright (C) 2022 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

8.
Scientific Papers-Series Management Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development ; 22(4):295-302, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207705

ABSTRACT

From the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020 until now, the Malaysian government has implemented various steps in curbing the spread of the virus in order to reduce the infection risk in all regions as well as among rural communities. The implementation of the Movement Control Order (MCO) by the government;designed to control intra- and inter-state and/or district movements and travels has been accepted and accustomed as the new norm in curbing the transmission of infection. This is especially among the vulnerable community groups i.e., elderly people and people with chronic diseases. Although MCO is crucial to curb the virus, this restriction of movement has also inhibited the activities of many important economic sectors especially on transportation of goods and other services. With a consideration that there is a dearth of studies, specifically about the impact of COVID-19 on the socioeconomic condition of the rural communities in specific context;a comprehensive study has been conducted involving 39 selected rural settlements for the whole Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 504 respondents/head of households had participated in the questionnaire survey. Research findings have shown the majority of respondents experienced socioeconomic impacts from MCO and the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly between 50% to 75% income reductions. This is contributed by two main factors: the MCO which hindered them to go out for work and carry out business activities as well as declining sales of produce or livestock. The research findings also reveal that 15% to 25% of the rural communities experienced food supply disruption. This is categorised as low to moderate level. It is important to note that since majority of the respondents are having low income, they are highly vulnerable to this volatile situation. Outcomes of this research could offer meaningful information regarding the current socioeconomic condition of rural communities in relation to the MCO and prolongation of the COVID-19 pandemic. As the way forward, there should be a more inclusive Build Back Better (BBB) strategies for creating a future more resilient rural community to pandemic.

9.
European Journal of Molecular and Clinical Medicine ; 10(1):2652-2660, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2207668

ABSTRACT

The term "COVID 19" refers to the corona virus disease that first appeared in 2019 and was discovered in Wuhan, China, in December of that same year. This was a pandemic viral sickness that severely damaged the biosphere as well as the lives of all living things. It had an impact on people on all levels of devastation, including their bodily, mental, and psychological health as well as their social, economic, cultural, educational, and political lives. It also had a detrimental impact regardless of one's age, gender, socioeconomic status, etc. Every group in the human population had been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, including the elderly, the young, the young at heart, and children. In this regard, the mental, physical, and psychological health of students was impaired by the impact of COVID-19, and the education of students was also negatively impacted. This research study aims to investigate the effects of online instructions on undergraduate students. Data were gathered using a primary approach, such as a questionnaire, and secondary data were also gathered from a variety of study-related sources, including articles, journals, books, census data, etc.. In light of the fact that online classes harm students' health, result in strengthen learners' departure from real biosphere, weaken learners' logical aptitude, and facilitate face-to-face interactive association, this study explains the detrimental effects of online education on undergraduate students. Copyright © 2023 Ubiquity Press. All rights reserved.

10.
Bioscience Research ; 19(4):1837-1840, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207632

ABSTRACT

This was a study to evaluate abdominal pathology by the use of ultrasound that was done at King Fahd Specialist Hospital -Tabuk -Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 1, 2022 to May 2022. The problem of the study was to know the negative impact of the COVID-19 virus on the digestive system, especially the abdomen, and its problems, which became clear and its importance in reducing risks. The intended aim of this study was to demonstrate the role of ultrasound in diagnosing abdominal outcomes in a COVID-19 patient. The data collected by the Designed clinical data collection sheets containing all study variables of 41 patients came to the ultrasound department to perform an abdominal ultrasound in the study area. The data was analyzed using Excel to give a more accurate analysis of the data. According to the results of the clinical data collection sheet, ultrasound has an effective role in assessment of the negative impact of COVID-19 virus on the digestive system and abdomen with great confidence, Overall, the researchers recommended that ultrasound imaging it is better to detect the circumference of the abdomen, especially liver and gallbladder diseases and digestive problems, which are more accurately and accurately shown in ultrasound..

11.
International Journal of Communication Networks and Information Security ; 14(3):342-357, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2207540

ABSTRACT

Animals are also afflicted by COVID-19, a virus that is quickly spreading and infects both humans and animals. This fatal viral disease has an impact on people's daily lives, health, and economy of a nation. Most effective machine learning method is deep learning, which offers insightful analysis for examining a significant number of chest x-ray pictures that have a significant bearing on COVID-19 screening. This research proposes novel technique in lung image analysis for detection of lung infection due to COVID using Explainable Machine learning techniques. Here the input has been collected as COVID patient's lung image dataset and it has been processed for noise removal and smoothening. This processed image features have been extracted using spatio transfer neural network integrated with DenseNet+ architecture. Extracted features has been classified using stacked auto Boltzmann encoder machine with VGG-19Net+. With the transfer learning method integrated into the binary classification process, the suggested algorithm achieves good classification accuracy. The experimental analysis has been carried out for various COVID dataset in terms of accuracy, precision, Recall, F-1score, RMSE, MAP. The proposed technique attained accuracy of 95%, precision of 91%, recall of 85%, F_1 score of 80%, RMSE of 61 % and MAP of 51%.

12.
Bioscience Research ; 19(4):1747-1751, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2207310

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, most learning strategies have been transitioned to an online setting across the world. Students and teachers who previously relied on traditional learning are now confronted with a new challenge. This dramatic adjustment may have an impact on their teaching strategy methods, learning habits, and willingness to embrace the change. A descriptive cross sectional online survey was used among students in selected higher education institutes in Jeddah city. The intended aim of this study was to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on selecting teaching strategy methods and to measure the students' perceptions. Using the Non-Probability Snowball Sample technique, 220 student participants were chosen, and the results were then analyzed using the SPSS program. According to the students' results of the survey, although the participant faces difficulties from the virtual transition classes (42.7%), the teaching strategy in online transition seems to be more beneficial in the future and it will continue after COVID- 19 with (65.5%) of student's approval. Overall, the modern teaching strategy methods that have been measured on students in Jeddah city demonstrated a highly positive impact in higher education institutions. Keywords: Assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic, teaching strategy methods, virtual transition classes, students' results of the survey.

13.
National Journal of Community Medicine ; 13(12):882-888, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2218346

ABSTRACT

Context: Covid 19 pandemic which evolved in successive waves had profound pyschosocial impact on affected in-dividuals. Perceptions had impact on both individual and environmental level with potential behavioural conse-quences. The aim of the research is to study the psychosocial perception and psychological impact of COVID-19 among hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Methodology: The study was a mixed method research (Quan-Qual sequential design) conducted in the Covid wards of a tertiary care hospital in Coimbatore district. The psychological impact was assessed using the General Health Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale. The results of quantitative analyses and qualitative analyses were expressed as proportions and done using thematic analysis using grounded theory respectively. Results: About 55% of the hospitalized Covid-19 patients had psychological impact. On multivariate analysis, the factors which emerged as independent risk factors for presence of psychological morbidi-ties due to COVID were presence of high stress level, sleep disturbances and their perception of COVID as high threat. Conclusions: Focussed Counselling with specific reference to attend to spiritual health component in addition, would go a long way in diminishing immediate and long-term psychological impact due to covid-19 illness. © 2022, MedSci Publications. All rights reserved.

14.
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology ; 21(5):2275-2281, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2218202

ABSTRACT

A novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) caused a global pandemic that started in China (Wuhan, Hubei region) in December 2019, called Coronavirus disease. This systematic review intends to evaluate the correlation of pre-existing particulate matter (PM2.5) induced comorbidities along with COVID-19 spread and mortality. A search was operated to report the association between PM2.5 and COVID-19 outbreak and evaluating the PM2.5 related disease affected by COVID-19 infection. The research was conducted in consent with the criteria of PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews, and Meta-Analyses). We filtered the review and research articles published only in the English language and selected these keywords: air pollution, particulate matter, COVID-19, health impact. We obtained a total of 27 appropriate published articles in their final version. Additional articles were rectified by searching through Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar. We concluded that the values of coagulation biomarkers in all SARS-CoV-2 patients were considerably higher as compared with healthy people. It was noted that Hypertension, Diabetes, COPD, CVD, Asthma and Cancer possess an evident relation with COVID-19 severity. Globally, air pollutants affect the body's immunity, leading to people being more susceptible to pathogens. In addition, transmission from person-to-person dynamic of the new respiratory virus was considered the environmental factors' role in accelerating coronavirus spread and its lethality. COVID-19 patients with pre-existing comorbidities induced by particulate matter show a high risk of mortality as compared to COVID-19 patients without these comorbidities. © 2022 Technoscience Publications. All rights reserved.

15.
Nature Environment and Pollution Technology ; 21(4):1767-1774, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2218200

ABSTRACT

Air pollution produces major environmental health problems with a vast number of entropies that can affect healthy, sustainable environments across the globe. Millions of people are dying prematurely each year as a direct cause of poor air quality. According to recent studies, living within 50 meters of any significant road can increase the risk of lung cancer by up to 10%. World Health Organization declares that approximately 3.7 million people died worldwide in 2012 due to outdoor air pollution. In this analysis, we analyzed air pollutants that were released into the air from a wide range of sources, such as motor vehicles, industrial combustion processes, etc. We analyzed the Sentinel-5 precursor data, which provides time series data on a multitude of trace gaseous compounds such as CO, NO2, SO2, O3, PM10, PM2.5 aerosols, etc. with efficient statistics and special resolution. For better comparison, we have trained our statistical atmospheric data with deep learning methodology and analyzed them to obtain a reference for air quality in India. This study describes the scientific aspects and probable atmospheric composition entropy due to pollution. We also presented the overall operational product outcomes and emissions from the energy sectors, which involves the advancement of data analysis in a particular coordinate system. © 2022 Technoscience Publications. All rights reserved.

16.
Journal of Tourism and Services ; 13(25):90-119, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2218056

ABSTRACT

Travel risk and management views of tourists have a key role in their choice of locations while the COVID-19 epidemic is still causing travel-related concerns. Despite many studies available in the western world, the effect of COVID-19 has been less explored in Nepal. Thus, this research aims to investigate travel risk and management perception in post-COVID tourism activities in Nepal. Based on pathogen stress theory and explanatory research design, this study seeks a causal relationship between Travel Risk and Management in Nepal. Following the purposive sampling technique, data collection is done using KOBO Toolbox through a structured questionnaire. Findings revealed that Risk Management, Transportation Patterns, Distribution Channel, Avoidance of Overpopulated destinations, Hygiene and Safety are significant to Travel risk and management perception whereas Risk Management, Travel risk and management perception, Service Delivery, Distribution Channel, Hygiene and Safety are significant to COVID-19 pandemic in Nepal which supports pathogen-stress theory. Furthermore, travel risk and management perception partially mediate the favorable association between avoidance of overpopulated destinations and the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the primary problems faced by the traveler were securing a comfortable hotel and selecting a destination where COVID risk is minimum. However, the COVID-19 break has caused health concerns among visitors, causing many to cancel their holiday plans. Therefore, in the post-pandemic phase, tourists are more concerned about the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on their travel activities and choice.

17.
Ekonometri ve Istatistik Dergisi ; - (37):171-198, 2022.
Article in Turkish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2218032

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemisinin tüm dünyaya yayılmasıyla ekonomik faaliyetlerde küresel bazda önemli deǧişiklikler meydana gelmiştir. Türkiye bu durumdan global ve lokal bazda önemli düzeyde etkilenen ülkelerdendir. Çeşitli ekonomik faaliyet kollarında iş yeri ve istihdam sayıları bu etkinin gözlenebildiǧi önemli göstergelerdendir. Bu çalışmada;pandeminin hemen öncesi (2019 yılı) ile hızlı ve yoǧun olarak görüldüǧü erken dönem (2020 yılı) iş yeri sayıları ve zorunlu sigortalı çalışan sayıları, iller bazında incelenerek faaliyet kollarına göre pandeminin etkisinin ortaya çıkarılması amaçlanmıştır. Yöntem olarak istatistiksel veri analizi ve veri madenciliǧi tekniklerinden çok boyutlu ölçekleme ve kümeleme analizleri kullanılmıştır. Bu yöntemler yardımıyla elde edilen bulgular görselleştirilmiş ve çalışmanın amacı doǧrultusunda yorumlanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, iki yılın verileri karşılaştırıldıǧında, toplamda iş yeri sayısı ve zorunlu sigortalı çalışan sayısının arttıǧı görülmüştür. Faaliyet kolları bazında sonuçlar incelendiǧinde deǧişimlerdeki pandemi etkisi göze çarpmaktadır. Mobiliteye dayalı ve pandemi tedbirlerinin engellediǧi faaliyet alanlarının iş yeri ve çalışan sayısı bakımından azalma yönünde etkilendiǧi görülmüştür. Öte yandan bu kısıtlamaların özellikle perakendecilik sektörlerini dijital ortamlara taşıyarak e-ticarette büyümeye sebep olması, posta ve kargo faaliyetlerinde yüksek oranlı artışa neden olmuştur. Bunun yanı sıra evde bakım faaliyetlerinin de pandemi etkisiyle en fazla artışın olduǧu kollardan olduǧu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.Alternate :With the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic all over the world, significant changes have occurred globally with regard to economic activities. Turkey is one of the countries to be affected by this situation on a global and local basis. The number of workplaces and employment in various segments of economic activity are important indicators through which this impact can be observed. These changes have occurred locally in different regions and different lines of business. This study aims to reveal the pandemic's impact by examining by province the number of workplaces and number of employees with compulsory insurance just before the pandemic (2019) and in the pandemic's early period in 2020 when it was seen spread rapidly and intensely. The study uses multidimensional scaling and clustering analyses from the statistical data analysis and data mining techniques as the research methods. The findings obtained with these methods have been visualized and interpreted in line with the purpose of the study. When comparing the data of these two years in accordance with the obtained results, the number of workplaces and the number of employees with compulsory insurance were seen to have increased overall. When examining the results on the basis of operating segments, the pandemic is seen to have had a striking impact with regard to the changes, with the operation segments based on mobility and on those prohibited by the pandemic measures being observed to have been affected by a decrease in terms of the numbers of workplaces and employees. Meanwhile, these restrictions led to growth in e-commerce, particularly by moving retail sectors to digital environments, and this caused a high rate of increase in postal and cargo activities. Home care activities were additionally concluded to be among the segments with the highest increase due to the pandemic's effects.

18.
European Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies ; 14(2):63-81, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2217978

ABSTRACT

The article focuses on the current, urgent, and much discussed global issue of climate change, the impacts of which are expansive and involve a wide range of expertise. The base forms the evaluation of a sample of European Union member states using the quantification of threats and intensity of two key factors. The main objective of this article is to evaluate EU countries the INFORM assessment tool and to highlight the link between the effects of climate change (environmental, social, and economical) as quantified by respective threats posed by emission volume and poverty. In the present research, we relied on the new INFORM Risk Index assessment indicator because it represents a completely new but also globally applicable, reliable, and transparent tool to understand the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters. The significant results of the performed quantitative analysis suggest that security risk, poverty, and pollution levels operate as closely linked areas. It can be expected that recent changes (the COVID-19 pandemic, state of war) will mean that these influences will increase in severity.

19.
Acta Medica Mediterranea ; 38(5):3375-3381, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2217829

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The outbreak of covid 19 (corona virus) brought with it so many disruption in several countries around the globe. This disruption caused by the disease forced some adjustment to be made in order for the countries to continue running other crucial parts of the economy with alternatives option. One major sector affected was the education sector as physical learning was barred following the nature of transmission of the disease causing countries to be on lockdown resulting in teachers adopting the online. Material and method: The study aim to measure different variables such as type of online class, experience on online learning before lockdown, number of classes, the interaction of students and teachers, reasons for not attending, advantages and disadvantages of online learning. This is a cross-sectional study curried out employing the most appropriate sampling technique in order to obtain the data from the participants using an online survey obtained from Google platform consisting of 18 questions which are adapted from a previous study. Results: Using the multiple choice questions, about 70% of the students are pleased with this method of learning and also prefer this method over the traditional method of teaching. However 59.4% would love for this method to be used together with the traditional method. In order to improve the online learning, majority of the student suggested the lecturer should have a proper technical set up. Conclusion: The results shows that the students prefer the distance learning over the traditional and other want it to be incorporated and used together with the traditional method of learning.

20.
Auc Geographica ; 57(2):189-204, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2217679

ABSTRACT

Very little is known about the investment climate and operations of MNEs in Cuba due to limited data provided by the Cuban government. In this paper, we explore the investment climate in Cuba and identify factors that limit the activities of MNEs. We also assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the future prospects for MNEs in Cuba. Our research is based on question-naires and semi-structured interviews in MNEs operating in Cuba. MNEs consider low macroeconomic stability, the impossibility of acquiring real estate, access to financing and the movement of capital, and profit repatriation as the most problematic factors for their business activities. On the other hand, IPR protection, corruption, the skills and education of the available workforce and the availability of electricity were assessed as the least problematic. Less than half of the MNEs interviewed found positive changes con-cerning the investment climate in Cuba during recent years. This implies limited prospects for economic growth in the near future.

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