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2.
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism ; : 100584, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2105450

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has considerable mental health impacts. Immersive nature-based interventions, such as swimming or snorkeling, may help mitigate the global mental health crisis caused by the pandemic. To investigate this, we collected cross-sectional data from residents of coastal villages (n = 308) in Kepulauan Selayar, Indonesia. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used with mental well-being as the outcome variable, operationalized as the Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores from the SF-12 (12-item Short Form Health Survey). After adjusting for covariates, the activity of sea swimming or snorkeling was found to be significantly associated with better mental well-being (η2 = 0.036;p < 0.01). Predictive margins analysis revealed that those who engaged in sea swimming or snorkeling for one to three days a week gained a 2.7 increase in their MCS scores, compared to those who did not. A non-linear dose-response relationship was detected: for those swimming or snorkeling more than three days per week, there was only an increase of 1.7 MCS score compared to the 0-day. Overall this study contributes to the expanding of evidence base, showing that interactions with blue spaces can be beneficial for mental health, especially in a potentially stressful time such as the current pandemic.

3.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed Update ; 2: 100082, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2104620

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is a new disease in human life and has become pandemic. Pandemic Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) has been speeding up digital transformation in every sector. Implementation of digital technology in health should be supported by the community's readiness, such as digital health literacy to achieve the goals, optimize health service performance, and blockage infodemics and miss information. Implementation of digital technology in health should be supported by the community's readiness, such as digital health literacy to achieve the goals, optimize health service performance, and blockage infodemics and miss information. This study aims to develop a tool to measure digital health literacy in the community through three stages such as expert review, pre-test and field test. DHLC adopted the five competencies areas into 18 questions and put eight questions related to health literacy; the total items question of DHLC are 26 items questions. This study reveals that all of the score digital competencies areas below 4. Score 4 in DHLC indicates that the community still need guidance to doing activity in the digital environment. Elevating digital health literacy in the citizens is urgent to control the spreading misinformation and disinformation that could worsen pandemics. Future studies need to conduct to test the validity and reliability of DHLC in various settings.

4.
Innovative Marketing ; 18(4), 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100667

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has hit industrial sectors very hard, including the tourism industry and halal tourism. The sustainability of the tourism industry must be main-tained, so the development of marketing strategies is very necessary. The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the effect of halal tourism attributes on tourist loyalty and indirectly through the trust and satisfaction of Indonesian Muslim tourists. This quantitative study involved 504 respondents out of 519 collected. To determine the sample in this study, a judgment sampling technique was used. The analytical tool used is the PLS-SEM to test the effect of the relationship between the variables studied. As a result, the attributes of halal tourism indirectly affect loyalty through the trust and satisfaction of tourists. This means that tourist loyalty manifests itself in returning to visited tourist destinations, recommending others, inviting others to visit visited tour-ist destinations, and traveling back to visited tourist destinations, even though the en-try ticket goes up;it can arise directly as a result of offerings of halal tourism attributes, as well as mediated by the trust and satisfaction of domestic tourists with tourism attributes offered to the tourist destinations they visited during the COVID-19 period.

5.
Masyarakat Kebudayaan Dan Politik ; 35(4):527-539, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100633

ABSTRACT

Current studies discover the difference of response of conservatism to the COVID-19 pandemic situation with, at least, six stigmas, namely practicing conservative politics, high risk public health behavior, lack of trust in science, neglecting mainstream media reports, less support for vaccination, and tendency to stockpile. This fieldwork-based qualitative study aims to explore the conservative political leadership of a village head in dealing with the pandemic situation. Unlike the previous studies, it reveals the village head's conservative leadership which plays a vital role in coping with the outbreak. Under the influence of Javanese culture and tradition, the practices of leadership have positive impacts on controlling the situation, that are responsiveness, willingness to hear input, empathy, direct engagement, non-discrimination, ability to mobilize village apparatuses and to encourage participation of villagers, and consistent reminders to villagers to adhere to health protocols. The village head operationally practices the values of ngancani (accompanying) and njagongi (hanging out) in his leadership. The findings challenge previous academic works as the leadership adjusts to dominant Javanese conservatism in handling the pandemic. It negates the view of difference of conservatism's response to the outbreak. Conservatism, particularly Javanese cultural and traditional values, actually minimizes the differences of social identity among villagers.

6.
Bali Medical Journal ; 11(3):1319-1324, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2100521

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Cases of coronavirus that causes Covid-19 disease in the world have reached 1.8 million people. Cases of coronavirus that causes Covid-19 disease in the world have reached 1.8 million people. The purpose of the study analyzed predictions of covid-19 vaccine acceptance based on sufferers and health belief models in Indonesia and Timor Leste. Method: Analytical research method with cross-sectional survey approach, the population is taken from community living at Surabaya Indonesia and Timor Leste as many as 250 respondents. Sampling was conducted in a consequent sampling in two regions at Surabaya Indonesia and Timor Leste. Data collection using google form, share through were respondents. Statistical analysis with rank spearmen.Result: the relationship of vulnerability perception with acceptance vaccine covid-19 and correlation coefficient showing a figure of 0.29. It refers to the value of 0.20- 0.40 is considered weak. Similarly, the relationship of severity perception with acceptance vaccine covid-19 obtained coefficient correlation 0.41 expressed strong. on the perception of cues doing actions with acceptance vaccine covid-19, there is a strong relationship, because value correlation coefficient 0.41. For the relationship of benefit perception with acceptance vaccine covid-19 get a weak result because the correlation coefficient of 0.23 in the category below 0.40 is considered weak.Conclusion: there are four components of Health Belief Model associated with Acceptance vaccine covid-19

7.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 906469, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080171

ABSTRACT

Background: Reinfection with SARS-CoV-2 has been well documented, yet little is known about the degree of protection a previous infection provides against reinfection, especially against Variants of Concern (VOC). Case presentation: Here we describe a case of an unvaccinated 49-year-old man who experienced two sequential SARS-CoV-2 infections with two different variants, as evidenced by genomic sequencing. The first episode was caused by the Pango lineage B.1.466.2 and resulted in severe COVID-19 with 5 days in an intensive care unit (ICU). The second episode occurred approximately 6 months later, during the Delta surge in Indonesia. Genomic analysis showed that the second infection was caused by the Delta variant (Pango lineage B.1.617.2) and resulted in mild disease that did not require hospitalization. No SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid was detected between the two episodes, but both binding and neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 were detected prior to the reinfection, with the second infection leading to an increase in the levels of antibody. Conclusion: We confirmed that the patient experienced a reinfection instead of persistent viral shedding from the first infection based on epidemiological, clinical, serological, and genomic analyses. Our case supports the hypothesis that SARS-CoV-2 reinfection may occur once antibody titers decrease or following the emergence of a new variant. The milder presentation in the patient's second infection deserves further investigation to provide a clear picture of the role of post-infection immunity in altering the course of subsequent disease.

8.
Arab World English Journal ; : 17-39, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072416

ABSTRACT

During the outbreak of the Covid 19 pandemic, educational systems around the world had been disrupted, and as a result, lecturers and Bidikmisi students had to conduct teaching and learning processes from home. This study aimed to investigate the perspectives of Bidikmisi students on online distance learning during the lockdown at Sriwijaya State Polytechnic due to the Covid 19 pandemic. The study was carried out with the mixed method. The researchers asked 85 students from two different intensive English courses to complete a five-point Likert scale questionnaire on the Online Learning Environment Survey (OLES), and answer six open-ended questions distributed using google form. The sample comprised 85 bidikmisi students from nine departments- not only Engineers in civil, mechanical, chemical, computer, electrical and computer information systems, but also Business Administration, Accounting, Informatics Management, and English. The finding of this study revealed that some of bidikmisi students positively accepted this online distance learning, but most of them negatively revealed that bidikmisi students faced some challenges with online distance learning;they preferred face-to-face classes. The study concluded with a recommendation that the findings of this study can assist policymakers and lecturers in developing effective or efficient teaching strategies for overcoming situations or for bidikmisi students.

9.
Innovative Marketing ; 18(3):121-135, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072383

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, businesses experienced various challenges, resulting in economic decline. The pandemic also threatened their sustainability. Thus, business actors have to consider this condition seriously. This study aims to analyze the impact of marketing innovations and business plans on business sustainability during the COVID-19 pandemic. The paper used quantitative methods. The population included 689 micro and small enterprises affected by COVID-19 in Palu City, Indonesia. It involved 253 respondents as samples selected using the Slovin formula with an error rate of 5%. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistical testing and multiple linear regression. The findings showed that marketing innovations and business plans significantly affected business sustainability during the COVID-19 pandemic both simultaneously and partially. Then, simultaneously, it was indicated by the value of Fcount > Ftable (10.615 > 3.031) at a significance alpha (alpha) of 0.05 or Sig. F < 0.05. The significance value of 0.000 is smaller than the alpha (alpha) significance of 0.05, meaning it is significant. Partially, the business plan variable showed that tcount was higher than ttable (2.780 > 1.650). The significance value was 0.006, which is smaller than the alpha (alpha) significance of 0.05, meaning it is significant. The marketing innovation variable showed that tcount was higher than ttable (3.878 > 1.650). The significance value obtained was 0.000, which is smaller than the alpha (alpha) significance of 0.05, meaning it is significant.

10.
Innovative Marketing ; 18(3):1-+, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072379

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a significant change in customer behavior, including in the luxury product business. One crucial part of customer behavior is purchase intention. Understanding purchase intention is an essential basis for developing various marketing innovations. This study aimed to establish a model of the interaction of factors that influence purchase intention in luxury products today, especially in Indonesia. The study used a cross-sectional study approach. This study's respondents were social media users who would buy luxury products. The research sample size was 381 users. The Lime Survey was applied to collect data and was accessed online. The questionnaire statement items used a Likert scale from 1 (Strongly Disagree) to 5 (Strongly Agree), including Perceived Value (9 items), Social WoM (3 items), Brand Attitude (3 items), and Purchase Intention (3 items). The model validation was analyzed using bootstrapping to process the Structural Equation Model (SEM) under Smart-PIS software. The analysis results show that the three variables simultaneously (R-square = 0.419) moderately can be used to explain Purchase Intention. However, the factors that affect Purchase Intention are only Perceived Value (p-value = 0.000) and Brand Attitude (p-value = 0.000), but not Social WoM (p-value = 0.203). This study concludes that marketing innovation is critical to focus on the prestige of luxury product users through perceived value and brand attitude. Information from other users is not reliable enough to build purchase intention because luxury product users tend not to trust products from other users. Still, they believe more in the perceived prestige.

11.
Studies in Economics and Finance ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070255

ABSTRACT

Purpose This paper aims to examine whether Indonesian cross-border trade responds asymmetrically to exchange rate volatility (ERV). Design/methodology/approach An exponential generalized autorgressive conditional heteroscedasticity model is applied to estimate the ERV of Indonesia and ten main trade partners using quarterly data from 2006 to 2020. A nonlinear autoregressive distributed lag estimation is applied to estimate the impact of ERV on cross-border trade. Impacts from the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2008 and the COVID-19 pandemic are covered. Dynamic panel data is used for the robustness test. Findings In the short-run, ERV significantly affects exports to most of the top partners (positively, negatively or both). In the long run, asymmetric effects occur in Indonesia's exports to five top destinations. The weakening of the Indonesian Rupiah mainly supports exports in the short term. Imports from top partners are also affected by ERV in both the short run and, to a lesser extent, in the long run. Both the GFC and the COVID-19 pandemic reduced trade: for most cases, in the short run. The dynamic panel model suggests that ERV has asymmetric impact on cross-border trade in the long run. Practical implications Exchange rate strategies need to avoid a single-side policy approach and, instead, account for exporter and importer differences in risk behaviour and an asymmetric response to ERV in trade. Policymakers need to consider policies that stabilise the currency. Originality/value This study provides evidence that cross-border trade can react asymmetrically to the exchange rate uncertainty and that the impacts of real ERV are asymmetric as well. The authors also apply a dynamic panel that signals that ERV matters in the long run for Indonesian trade with top partners.

12.
International Journal of Multilingualism ; : 1-14, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070021

ABSTRACT

This paper explores crisis communication during the pandemic in multilingual Indonesia. Crisis communication during the pandemic is a discursive act of sense-making in responding to the pandemic. As Asia's pandemic epicentre, Indonesia provides a fascinating setting to enhance the discussion between crisis communication and multilingualism because of its pandemic response and indigenous linguistic diversity and its tension with the national and international language. We employ critical discourse analysis in identifying the linguistic and discursive practices of crisis communication found in speeches and public statements made by relevant political leaders and policy documents. By using Fairclough's concepts of 'word meaning', 'wording', 're-wording', 'over-wording', and 'metaphor', we examine the changing mobility constraint terms and keywords in pandemic policies and speeches. Our findings on the inconsistent mobility constraint terms, confusing pandemic keywords and unempathetic metaphors used in public speeches have provided linguistic evidence of the ineffective pandemic response and crisis communication. The analysis draws attention to the importance of consistent and empathetic communication in crisis management.

13.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071426

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused detrimental impacts on different population groups throughout the world. This study aimed to explore the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic's mandatory lockdown protocols on individual and social activities and mental health conditions of community-dwelling older people in Jakarta, Indonesia. A qualitative design using one-on-one in-depth interviews was employed to collect data from the participants (n = 24) who were recruited using the snowball sampling technique. Data analysis was guided by the five steps proposed in a qualitative data analysis framework, including familiarisation with the data, identification of a thematic framework, indexing the data, charting the data and mapping and interpreting the data. The findings showed that before the COVID-19 outbreak participants engaged in different kinds of regular individual and social activities. However, the COVID-19 outbreak and its mandatory lockdown protocols significantly influenced both their activities and social life, which led to social disconnection and financial difficulties for them. COVID-19 outbreak, mandatory lockdown protocols, and the disruption of individual and social activities of the participants also caused mental health challenges to them, including feelings of loneliness, loss, sadness, stress, and anger. The findings suggest that there is a need for intervention programs addressing the socio-economic and mental health impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on older populations to help them cope with these challenges. Future studies involving large-scale older populations to comprehensively understand COVID-19 impacts on them are recommended.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Mental Health , Indonesia/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control
14.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(7):658-660, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067743

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Information technology is developing very rapidly along with the emergence of the Covid-19 Pandemic. Various information related to Covid-19 delivered by broadcasters is required to be strictly monitored to ensure that the information received by the public is correct and valid. The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission has the authority to monitor the broadcasting. Objectives: This paper aimed to analyze the optimization of the role of the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission to monitor the spread of health information during the Covid-19 pandemic. Research Methodology: This study combined doctrinal law research and non-doctrinal legal research. The research specification was descriptive-analytical and the analysis was carried out qualitatively. Conclusion: The Indonesian Broadcasting Commission has not optimally carried out its duties and roles in monitoring the dissemination of information related to the Covid-19 pandemic. Institutional strengthening, institutional synchronization at the central and regional levels, and increasing the capacity of Commissioners are some efforts to optimize the roles and tasks of the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission in the future.

15.
FWU Journal of Social Sciences ; 16(3):52-67, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067725

ABSTRACT

This study examines how religion affects people's ethics and morals in both extrinsic and intrinsic dimension. In order to validate how religion and mental health are related, it also considers people's ethics and morals as mediator variables. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to validate the research hypotheses after recruiting 570 participants. The result of this study showed that religiosity play important role on peoples' ethics and morals, which subsequently influences their mental health. Additionally, people's ethics and morals, as mediator play a beneficial effect in bridging the relationship between religion and mental health. It gives practitioners and scholars a chance to observe how religion and mental health interact with one another. Society and regulators also need to enhance communication and interaction. as well as educating people on the importance of ethics and moral principles from the social and religious fields. The recent study also contributes to literature in social and behavioral contexts towards religion, ethics, and the sociology.

16.
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology ; 16(3):73-77, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067688

ABSTRACT

Leptospirosis is a common bacterial infection caused by pathogenic Leptospira spp.in tropical region, including in Indonesia. During the first year of COVID-19 pandemic, Jakarta reported a significant increase in leptospirosis cases. A study was conducted to analyze the distribution of leptospirosis and to identify hotspots of the leptospirosis. Leptospirosis notifications for the period of January to December 2020 were collected from the online surveillance database provided by the Provincial Health Office of Jakarta. Global and local spatial clustering at the village level across Jakarta was examined using Moran’s I and local indicators for spatial association (LISA). In 2020, total of 207 people infected by Leptospira spp. The highest number was recorded in January (n=142), accounting for 68.5% of the total reports over the period studied. The incidence was geographically dissimilar at village-level with the highest rates was observed in the west of the city. Moran’s I analysis demonstrates that leptospirosis incidence was significantly clustered (I = 0.191, p-value = 0.001). Total of 19 high-risk clusters in 9 sub-districts were identified and approximately 891,202 people were at higher risk of leptospirosis during the year of 2020. The findings suggest needs an improved disease surveillance to support spatially targeted interventions to control leptospirosis transmission.

17.
International Journal of Mental Health Promotion ; 24(5):725-737, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2067632

ABSTRACT

The extraordinary situation related to COVID-19 makes people worry about their health, family health, work, finances, and other daily activities. This condition can lead to social unrest, which has consequences for mental health problems. This study aims to determine the mental health consequences at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study involving a target population aged 18 years and over who had access to electronic communication devices. An online questionnaire was randomly distributed and snowballed throughout 34 provinces in Indonesia. The study was conducted from 2 to 4 May 2020. Non-parametric and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with anxiety and depression. Two thousand seven hundred forty-three participants were involved in this study, with 69.16% female. In sum, 6.92% of participants had General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) scores ≥ 10 for moderate-severe anxiety symptoms, and 8.57% had Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores ≥ 10 for moderate-severe depressive symptoms. The multivariate linear regression analyses showed that the strongest factors influencing anxiety and depression were a history of mental illnesses, chronic illnesses, the group affected by layoffs or job seekers, unemployed, students, younger age group, living in a rented house, single, and female. In contrast, the lower and secondary education level seems to reduce the risk of depression compared to those with higher education levels. Anxiety and depression occur during the periods of activity restriction during the COVID-19 pandemic and are influenced by several modifiable and non-modifiable factors. There is an urgent need to emphasize vulnerable groups such as those with a history of illness, those affected by layoffs/looking for work, and the younger age group. © 2022, Tech Science Press. All rights reserved.

18.
Journal of Governance and Regulation ; 11(4):90-102, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2067518

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic had a tangible impact on Indonesia’s economy to a 4.5% economic growth contraction (Husnulwati & Yanuarsi, 2021). To analyze the dynamics of investment in the emerging market and the effects of COVID-19 associated with the work creation law in Indonesia. This study is research in the field of law with an empirical legal research approach. The Job Creation Law provides simplifications, especially concerning business licensing and investments that can be made starting from the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) level. The COVID-19 pandemic can be interpreted as momentum for Indonesia to attract more investors. The world economy has had significant changes, especially in exports and imports, coupled with the trade war between China and the United States (Sumarni, 2020). Still, several things must be paid attention to, namely: the long-term effect of investment after the amendment of investment provisions in the water, electricity, weapons, and defense business sectors;and the formulation of implementing regulations in the Job Creation Law because so far, Indonesia has been known to be slow in formulating laws and regulations. © 2022 The Authors.

19.
Investment Management & Financial Innovations ; 19(4):1-13, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067488

ABSTRACT

The efficient market hypothesis assumes that the stock prices fully reflect all relevant information. Under the weak form, the future prices are independent of current prices or in the other words, they follow the random walk hypothesis. Global issues tend to have an impact on capital markets around the world. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess the effect of global issues on the movements of expected returns in the Indonesian capital market from January 1, 2022, to June 30, 2022. The sample of 755 listed firms is used to test whether the expected returns have a random pattern during the observation period. The results of runs tests and variance ratio test show that the expected return movements are not random. On those results, the weak form of the efficient market hypothesis is rejected, and it can be concluded that the capital market in Indonesia for this period is inefficient. The findings of this study imply that the information about global issues does not affect the market. The success of the Indonesian government’s strategy in dealing with global issues (including the Covid-19 pandemic) in the form of a vaccination program and also followed by excellent fiscal and monetary policies has led to more predictable returns in the capital market. Moreover, investors can set their portfolios to get extraordinary returns as the market is more predictable.

20.
Banks and Bank Systems ; 17(4):12-24, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067487

ABSTRACT

Banking plays an important role in business and economic growth. However, since a couple decades ago, there have been issues with efficiency and performance. This paper aims to examine Indonesia’s Islamic banking performance through non-parametric production efficiency analysis before and after the COVID-19 pandemic, 2010–2021. This study differentiated between different dimensions of Indonesia’s Islamic banks (IIB) finance and non-finance aspects, as well as investigated the relationships between these dimensions of finance, including assets, deposits, equity, financing, and income, and non-financial variables, namely employees and offices. Non-parametric analysis, with the input-oriented variable constant return to scale (CRS) and returns to scale (VRS) models as a framework, data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to calculate the IIB of overall, pure, and scale efficiency. However, the resources of technology IIB management are lacking, as well as macroeconomic and environmental effects. This study found that IIB operational needs to enhance investment in technology beyond the office. This means that the number of offices has a smaller impact on enhancing deposits and revenue. Technology investment has a crucial role in enhancing IIB equity, income, and innovation service. As a result, IIB managers and policymakers must improve their efficiency scores in order to increase competition and innovation. Furthermore, IIB needs to increase and spend their assets and experience to enhance technology, which significantly affects efficiency.

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