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2.
Miyagiken jinfuzen kenkyukai kaishi ; 49回:48-55, 2022.
Article in Japanese | Ichushi | ID: covidwho-1965441

ABSTRACT

Epidemics

3.
Journal of Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities ; 47(1):13-17, 2022.
Article in Japanese | Ichushi | ID: covidwho-1965397
4.
Miyagiken jinfuzen kenkyukai kaishi ; 49回:31-35, 2022.
Article in Japanese | Ichushi | ID: covidwho-1965384
6.
J Orthop ; 34: 8-13, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966872

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aimed to audit the effects of vitamin D3 on the early functional outcomes, the incidence of nosocomial COVID-19 infection and complications in patients undergoing elective Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). Methods: This was a retrospective study involving patients undergoing primary unilateral TKA between January 2020 to May 2021 operated by a single surgeon using a single implant. Participants were divided into two cohorts, Deficient-vitamin D3 level <20 ng/ml and Sufficient-vitamin D3 level ≥20 ng/ml. Assessment for Knee Society Score and Oxford Knee Score (OKS) was done preoperatively and one year after TKA. Nosocomial COVID-19 infection rate, 30-day re-admissions and complications were noted during the study. Results: 235 patients were divided into 2 cohorts matched by age, gender and ASA grades. 74 patients belonged to the deficient group and 161 belonged to the sufficient group. The mean preoperative scores in the sufficient group were higher than the deficient group (OKS = 15.74 vs 12.95; KSS = 88.91vs 85.62). Similarly, the one-year postoperative scores in the sufficient group were significantly higher (OKS = 36.54 vs 35.16; KSS = 164.01 vs 161.22). A linear correlation was present between preoperative score (r = 0.273) & post-operative scores (r = 0.141) with serum vitamin D3 levels. Vitamin D3 deficient individuals had higher nosocomial COVID-19 infection rate (10.81% vs 4.96%,p = 0.16). The incidence of complications like DVT, embolism, stroke, infection and fracture were not statistically different in the two groups. Conclusion: Vitamin D positively influences the outcomes of TKA and protects against nosocomial COVID-19 infection in patients undergoing elective TKA.

7.
Curr Res Biotechnol ; 4: 337-349, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966465

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019 SARS-CoV-2 infections have affected millions of people worldwide. Along with the increasing number of COVID-19 patients, the number of cases of opportunistic fungal infections among the COVID-19 patients is also increasing. There have been reports of the cases of aspergillosis and candidiasis in the COVID-19 patients. The COVID-19 patients have also been affected by rare fungal infections such as histoplasmosis, pneumocystosis, mucormycosis and cryptococcosis. These fungal infections are prolonging the stay of COVID-19 patients in hospital. In this study several published case reports, case series, prospective and retrospective studies were investigated to explore and report the updated information regarding candidiasis, crytptococcosis, aspergillosis, mucormycosis, histoplasmosis, and pneumocystosis infections in COVID-19 patients. In this review, the risk factors of these co-infections in COVID-19 patients have been reported. There have been reports that the comorbidities and the treatment with corticoids, monoclonal antibodies, use of mechanical ventilation, and use of antibiotics during COVID-19 management are associated with the emergence of fungal infections in the COVID-19 patients. Hence, this review analyses the role of these therapies and comorbidities in the emergence of these fungal infections among COVID-19 patients. This review will help to comprehend if these fungal infections are the result of the co-morbidities, and treatment protocol followed to manage COVID-19 patients or directly due to the SARS-CoV-2 infection. The analysis of all these factors will help to understand their role in fungal infections among COVID-19 patients which can be valuable to the scientific community.

8.
Clin Microbiol Infect ; 2022 Aug 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To describe effectiveness of mRNA vaccines by comparing 2-dose (2D) and 3-dose (3D) healthcare worker (HCW) recipients in the setting of Omicron variant dominance. Performance of 2D and 3D vaccine series against SARS-CoV-2 variants and the clinical outcomes of HCWs may inform return-to-work guidance. METHODS: In a retrospective study from December 15, 2020 - January 15, 2022, SARS CoV-2 infections among HCWs at a large tertiary cancer center in New York City (NYC) were examined to estimate infection rates over the omicron period (aggregated positive tests/person-days) and 95% CIs in 2D and 3D mRNA vaccinated HCWs and were compared using rate ratios. We describe the clinical features of post-vaccine infections and impact of prior (pre-Omicron) COVID infection on vaccine effectiveness (VE). RESULTS: Among the 20,857 HCWs in our cohort, 20,660 completed the 2D series with an mRNA vaccine during our study period and 12,461 had received a third dose by January 15, 2022. The infection rate ratio for 2D vs. 3D vaccinated HCWs was 0.667 (95% CI 0.623, 0.713) for an estimated 3D VE of 33.2% compared to 2 doses only during the Omicron dominant period from 12/15/21- 1/15/22. Breakthrough (BT) Omicron infections after 3D + 14 days occurred in 1315 HCWs. Omicron infections were mild, with 16% of 3D and 11% 2D HCWs being asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: Study demonstrates improved vaccine-derived protection against COVID-19 infection in 3D vs. 2D mRNA vaccinees during the Omicron surge. The advantage of 3D vaccination was maintained irrespective of prior COVID-19 infection status.

9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 158(2): 72-80, mar.-abr. 2022. tab
Article | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1964982

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En las mujeres embarazadas se identifica mayor riesgo de desarrollar infecciones respiratorias virales. Objetivo: Analizar características sociodemográficas, evolución, manifestaciones clínicas y complicaciones en mujeres embarazadas con COVID-19 que fueron hospitalizadas. Métodos: Estudio en 11 hospitales públicos; se incluyeron variables sociodemográficas, comorbilidades, síntomas y signos, hallazgos de laboratorio y gabinete, características del embarazo, tratamiento y desenlace de la gestación. Resultados: La edad osciló entre 15 y 40 años; 85.1 % cursaba el tercer trimestre del embarazo, 11.9 % el segundo y 3 % el primero; 27 % presentó alguna comorbilidad como obesidad, hipertensión o asma; 89.5 % presentó fiebre, 73.1 % tos, 44.8 % disnea, 43.3 % cefalea y 35.8 % mialgias. Los diagnósticos fueron enfermedad leve (55.2 %), neumonía leve (26.9 %), neumonía severa (10.4 %), neumonía severa con síndrome de distrés respiratorio agudo (4.5 %) y neumonía severa con choque séptico (3 %); 76.2 % recibió soporte de oxígeno no invasivo y 9 %, ventilación mecánica. Se interrumpió el embarazo en 53.8 %; 95.5 % egresó por mejoría y 4.5 % falleció. Conclusiones: El rango de edad y los síntomas coinciden con los señalados en la literatura especializada. En mujeres con COVID-19 se evidenció el incremento de la operación cesárea sin una indicación clara.


Abstract Introduction: In pregnant women, a higher risk for developing viral respiratory infections is identified. Objective: To analyze sociodemographic characteristics, evolution, clinical manifestations, and complications of pregnant women hospitalized with COVID-19. Methods: Study conducted at 11 public hospitals; sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, laboratory and imaging findings, pregnancy characteristics, treatment and pregnancy outcome were included for analysis. Results: Age ranged between 15 and 40 years; 85.1% were at third trimester of pregnancy, 11.9% at second and 3% at first; 27% had any comorbidity such as obesity, hypertension or asthma; 89.5% had fever, 73.1% cough, 44.8% dyspnea, 43.3% headache and 35.8% myalgia. Diagnoses were mild disease (55.2%), mild pneumonia (26.9%), severe pneumonia (10.4%), severe pneumonia with acute respiratory distress syndrome (4.5%), and severe pneumonia with septic shock (3%); 76.2% had noninvasive oxygen support, and 9%, mechanical ventilation. Pregnancy was interrupted in 53.8%; 95.5% were discharged due to improvement of their condition and 4.5% died. Conclusions: Age range and symptoms are consistent with those previously reported. Evidence was found of an increase in cesarean section without a clear indication in women with COVID-19.

10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(2): 143-153, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1964482

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Devido à crise sanitária mundial provocada pela disseminação da COVID-19, muitos serviços de saúde interromperam a realização de procedimentos cirúrgicos não urgentes. No cenário da Cirurgia Plástica, no qual a maioria das cirurgias são eletivas, estimam-se consequências socioeconômicas a estes especialistas. O objetivo deste estudo é dimensionar este impacto. Métodos: Os efeitos da pandemia dentro da prática clínica dos cirurgiões plásticos brasileiros foi investigada por meio de um questionário on-line, endereçado aos associados da Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica. Resultados: A pesquisa foi aplicada a 645 cirurgiões. A maioria dos entrevistados relatou restrições operacionais à realização de procedimentos e redução da renda, sobretudo nas regiões severamente afetadas pela pandemia. Cirurgiões plásticos com mais de 10 anos de formação foram os mais prejudicados. Elevada taxa de contaminação, sobrecarga mental, diminuição na prática de atividades físicas e uso de medicações psiquiátricas também foram relatados. Conclusão: A pandemia da COVID-19 trouxe mudanças no cenário pessoal e profissional do cirurgião plástico brasileiro. Devido à importante redução no volume de trabalho, houve impacto financeiro nos especialistas de todas as regiões do país, além de reflexos na saúde física e mental. Adaptações foram necessárias para manutenção dos atendimentos, além de exploração de novas áreas de atuação para suprir a baixa demanda de cirurgias estéticas durante a crise.


Introduction: Global sanitary crisis caused by the spread of COVID-19 induced many health services to stop performing non-urgent surgical procedures. In the scenario of plastic surgery, where most procedures are elective, socioeconomic consequences are estimated for these specialists. The objective of this study is to measure this impact. Methods: Effects of the pandemic within the clinical practice of Brazilian plastic surgeons were investigated through an online questionnaire addressed to members of the Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Plástica. Results: A survey was applied to 645 surgeons. Most respondents reported operation restrictions on procedures and income reduction, especially in regions severely affected by the pandemic. Plastic surgeons with more than 10 years of experience were the most affected. High contamination rates, mental overload, decreased physical activity, and psychiatric medications have also been reported. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic brought changes to the personal and professional life of the Brazilian plastic surgeon. Due to the significant reduction in the workload, there were financial impacts on specialists from all country regions, besides physical and mental health issues. Adaptations were mandatory to maintain services and explore new areas of activity to supply the low demand for cosmetic surgery during the crisis.

11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(2): 133-142, abr.jun.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese, French | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1964481

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O objetivo deste artigo foi compreender a importância das "Soft Skills" no contexto do recrutamento e seleção de forma digital. O termo "Soft Skills" significa: atitudes psicológicas e comportamentos construtivos na interação com pessoas e grupos. Nesse contexto foram identificadas as ferramentas que estão sendo utilizadas para avaliá-las e quais são as Soft Skills adequadas nas diversas áreas profissionais em tempos de COVID-19. Métodos: A coleta de dados primários foi realizada através de entrevistas com especialistas que ocorreram em abril de 2020 e de uma survey que foi aplicada entre julho e dezembro de 2020. A amostra, após a limpeza dos dados, resultou em 169 respondentes, permitindo a realização da análise estatística descritiva dos dados. Resultados: Observou-se que as Soft Skills tornaram-se mais estratégicas no panorama da COVID-19. Além disso, ao comparar-se os médicos com especialidade em Cirurgia Plástica em relação às outras profissões, houve maior incidência do grau de concordância total entre os cirurgiões plásticos. Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados podem sugerir que entre os médicos com especialidade em Cirurgia Plástica a importância estratégica das Soft Skills tornou-se ainda mais intensa. Estes resultados, obtidos por meio de uma survey com dados quantitativos, estão em sintonia com a literatura científica apresentada neste artigo, assim como com estudos de organizações corporativas.


Introduction: This article aims to understand the importance of "Soft Skills "digital recruitment and selection. The term "Soft Skills" means psychological attitudes and constructive behaviors in interacting with people and groups. In this context, the tools used to evaluate them and the appropriate Soft Skills in the various professional areas during COVID-19 were identified. Methods: The primary data collection was carried out through interviews with experts in April 2020, and a survey applied between July and December 2020. After cleaning the data, the sample resulted in 169 respondents, allowing the performing descriptive statistical analysis of the data. Results: It was observed that Soft Skills have become more strategic in COVID-19. In addition, when comparing physicians specializing in Plastic Surgery with other professions, there was a higher incidence of the degree of total agreement among plastic surgeons. Conclusion: The results found may suggest that the strategic importance of Soft Skills has become even more intense among physicians specializing in Plastic Surgery. These results, obtained through a survey with quantitative data, align with this article's scientific literature and with corporate organizations' studies.

12.
Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science ; 36(1):507-512, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1965183

ABSTRACT

Aim: To improve the accuracy percentage of predicting misinformation about COVID-19 using SVM algorithm. Materials and methods: Support Vector Machine (SVM) with sample size = 20 and Decision Tree classification with sample size = 20 was iterated at different times for predicting the accuracy percentage of misinformation about COVID19. The Novel Poly kernel function used in SVM maps the dataset into higher dimensional space which helps to improve accuracy percentage. Results and Discussion: SVM has significantly better accuracy (94.48%) compared to Decision Tree accuracy (93%). There was a statistical significance between SVM and the Decision Tree (p=0.000) (p < 0.05 Independent Sample T-test).

13.
WIDER Working Papers ; 41(19), 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1965137

ABSTRACT

Unlike Latin American peers, and contrary to World Health Organization recommendations, Nicaragua eschewed lockdowns and other common strategies to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Analysts have since demonstrated how Nicaraguan authorities dramatically under-reported the number of deaths and infections that resulted (though a dearth of data complicates cross-country comparisons). Questions remain about the government's decision to pursue a hands-off strategy in the first place. This paper argues that rather than optimizing for fewer cases and deaths, the authoritarian government of President Daniel Ortega instead attuned its pandemic response to other, political and economic, variables. In the context of a pre-existing sociopolitical crisis that threatened the regime's legitimacy and territorial control, policy-makers were primarily interested in safeguarding macroeconomic indicators and fomenting a sense of normalcy among the populace. For related reasons, they restricted public health information and criminalized citizen-led public health efforts. In the Nicaraguan case, government and leadership mattered more than state capacity in determining the public health response.

14.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(2):221-231, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1965028

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a disease caused by infection with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is still a worldwide threat because of its high morbidity and mortality. This is influenced by the occurrence of hypertension, obesity, age and diabetes mellitus. However, currently there is still controversy in the results of research regarding the use of metformin in COVID-19 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). This study was aimed to analyze the effect of metformin in COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus on mortality rates. Subjects and Method: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis with the following PICO. P: COVID-19 patient with type-2 diabetes mellitus. I: administration of metformin therapy. C: therapy other than metformin and O: mortality. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases, namely PubMed, Science Direct, Proquest, SpringerLink, Google Scholar and Scopus. The article search keywords were: "COVID-19" OR "coronavirus" AND "diabetes" AND "metformin" AND "mortality". Articles included are full-text English using a cohort study design from 2020 to 2021 and reporting the Odds Ratio in multivariate analysis. The selection of articles was carried out using the PRISMA flow chart. The articles were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

15.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(2):167-174, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1965027

ABSTRACT

Backround: The COVID-19 pandemic has a psychological impact on society, namely anxiety. Factors that influence anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic are age, education level, occupation, and history of being diagnosed with COVID-19. This study aims to determine the risk factors for anxiety in housewives during the COVID-19 pandemic. Subjects and Method: An observational analytic study with a cross sectional approach was conducted in South Purwokerto, Central Java. The sample is 70 housewives selected by simple random sampling. The dependent variable is anxiety. independent variables were age, education, occupation, and COVID-19 infection. Anxiety was measured by the Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety (HRS-A) questionnaire. Other variables were collected by questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Chi-square.

16.
Journal of Population and Social Studies ; 30:764-777, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1964994

ABSTRACT

Despite the importance of vaccinations to combat COVID-19, some people are still wary. This study examines factors affecting attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccination in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Data were collected using an online survey to determine the factors that affect people's attitudes reluctant to have the COVID-19 vaccine. In total, 958 respondents participated in this study. The main factors affecting people's attitudes toward the COVID-19 vaccine in the UAE are medical concerns, religious concerns, misinformation about vaccines on social media, the rapid speed of vaccine development, and the risks of side effects associated with the vaccine. There was no difference in gender, but the older respondents (55 and above), those less educated, unemployed, and those who work in the private sector have more fears and hesitancy toward taking the vaccine.

17.
Era's Journal of Medical Research ; 8(2):199-203, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964970

ABSTRACT

India is trying to maintain stability in the current circumstances;another immediate threat has developed in the shape of coronavirus diseaseassociated mucormycosis. Mucormycosis is uncommon but lethal disease, caused by a group of molds known as mucormycetes. If not treated properly, an infection might be fatal. The most ordinary risk factor is diabetes mellitus, followed by hematological malignancies. Patients with postpulmonary tuberculosis and persistent renal diseases are further probable to extend mucormycosis in India. Trauma increases the risk of cutaneous mucormycosis. Despite a rise in illness awareness among treating physicians, disease-related morbidity and mortality remain high, as patients seek medical attention late in the disease process and medication is expensive. Despite the fact that it has been present since the beginning of the pandemic, the cause of this fungal infection remains unknown. In this review we aimed to summarize about mucormycosis and its epidemiology, pathogen, and treatment options in context to COVID-19.

18.
Era's Journal of Medical Research ; 8(2):162-166, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1964969

ABSTRACT

A new variant of coronavirus B.1.1.529. appeared on the scene, when discovered by the researchers in South Africa on Nov 24.2021. It is a heavily mutated variant of coronavirus discovered thus far with over 50+ mutations with 32 mutations over the spike protein itself. Spike proteins help the virus to bind to the bodily receptors of humans to gain entry inside. In comparison to the delta variant, which had nine mutations, it means that Omicron has better chances of evading the host immunity and is also more transmissible. And rightly so, it has been declared as a variant of concern(V°C) by the WHO. The presence of S-gene is of the determinants for the detection of the virus. But omicron seems to have missed this gene- being called as S-gene dropout or S-gene target failure (S- spike glycoprotein).

19.
International Journal of Advanced Biological and Biomedical Research ; 10(1):18-31, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1964939

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus. On 30 January 2020, the first case of the COVID-19 was reported in India and it affects the whole world. The impact of various nutrients on the human immune system. To defend itself, the human body has numerous components. The human immune system identifies molecules that are foreign to its structure and responds to them in a useful manner. When a pathogen factor enters the human body, the immune system responds by triggering an immunological response.

20.
Meditsinskiy Sovet ; 2022(12):122-129, 2022.
Article in Russian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1964928

ABSTRACT

Introduction. When performing thermometry, different measuring instruments can be used: from contact individual to remote. Doubts about the accuracy of the measurements obtained arise in the course of severe infections, impaired general well-being, a feeling of fever, headache. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of daily monitoring of body temperature in children with COVID-19 coronavirus infection and other acute respiratory viral infections using a medical thermograph designed to graphically display the dynamics of changes in the child’s body temperature during the day to monitor its variability, compared to a halystone thermometer. Materials and methods. The clinical study was performed at two clinical sites of the Academician G.N. Speransky Department of Pediatrics, Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education: the Khimki Regional Hospital and the Z.A. Bashlyaeva Children’s City Clinical Hospital. The study included 120 children aged from 3 months to 3 years, divided into 4 groups. Group 1 and 2 were children with ARI, Group 3 and 4 were children with COVID-19. Body temperature in the 1st and 3rd groups was measured only by a halistane thermometer;in the 2nd and 4th groups-by a new generation intellectual thermograph with halistane thermometer control in the specified time intervals. Results. The study obtained high reliability of indicators of the new thermograph, designed to graphically display the dynamics of changes in body temperature during the day, compared with the halistane thermometer, commonly used in hospitals. Conclusions. The thermograph registers the child’s body temperature with high reliability, which makes it possible to react to its changes in time. The use of thermograph makes it possible to set the critical value of body temperature at its rise for each user individually depending on his premorbid background, which is especially important in the group of children with a high risk of febrile convulsions and microcirculatory disorders in terms of prevention of the possible development of adverse events. © 2022, Remedium Group Ltd. All rights reserved.

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