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Information Technology and People ; 36(1):196-223, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2241247


Purpose: This study investigates the determinants of teleworking before and during COVID-19 in Canada. It explores the extent of telework adoption across industrial sectors, as well as the long-term impacts of large-scale adoption of teleworking on urban travel demand and the dwindling demand for commercial real estate in downtowns. Design/methodology/approach: Using data from a survey of business establishments, this study employs data visualization techniques to illustrate how telework adoption evolved during the early stages of the COVID-19 lockdown. The study also estimates Logit models to explore the determinants of telework before and during the pandemic using a subsample from the Canadian labor force survey. Findings: The study found that telework adoption reached a peak in March and April of 2020 when almost 40% of the workers in Canada were teleworking. Only 12% of employees reported teleworking before the pandemic. The adoption of teleworking was far more pronounced amongst firms that use information and communication technologies (ICTs) extensively. Teleworking appears to be far more frequent among university-educated (knowledge economy) workers. Practical implications: Knowledge economy and highly educated workers, who switched to teleworking during the pandemic at higher rates than workers with less education, are more frequently employed in offices located in the urban core or downtowns. The drastic decline in commuting to the urban core via public transit and record low occupancy levels in downtown office towers suggests that, even if telework prevailed at levels much lower than those observed during March and April of 2020, landlords holding large portfolios of commercial real estate must prepare to cope with the lower demand for commercial real estate. This is especially significant when commercial leases come up for renewal in the next few years. In addition, governments struggling to address traffic congestion by spending hundreds of billions of dollars on transport and transit infrastructure might want to promote teleworking as a means of reducing travel demands and costly infrastructure expenditures. Social implications: Teleworking has partially eroded the boundaries between work and home by enabling millions to continue being productive while working from home. However, teleworking would require new norms and rules to maintain a work-life balance. This change requires workers and employers to cooperate. Originality/value: To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that explores the extent of telework adoption during COVID-19 in Canada and the determinants of telework adoption, presenting both employee and firm-level perspectives using Canada-wide representative data. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

IEEE Sensors Journal ; 23(1):68-87, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2240089


Management of crowd information in public transportation (PT) systems is crucial, both to foster sustainable mobility, by increasing the user's comfort and satisfaction during normal operation, as well as to cope with emergency situations, such as pandemic crises, as recently experienced with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) limitations. This article presents a taxonomy and review of sensing technologies based on the Internet of Things (IoT) for real-time crowd analysis, which can be adopted in the different segments of the PT system (buses/trams/trains, railway/metro stations, and bus/tram stops). To discuss such technologies in a clear systematic perspective, we introduce a reference architecture for crowd management, which employs modern information and communication technologies (ICTs) in order to: 1) monitor and predict crowding events;2) implement crowd-aware policies for real-time and adaptive operation control in intelligent transportation systems (ITSs);and 3) inform in real time the users of the crowding status of the PT system, by means of electronic displays installed inside vehicles or at bus/tram stops/stations and/or by mobile transport applications. It is envisioned that the innovative crowd management functionalities enabled by ICT/IoT sensing technologies can be incrementally implemented as an add-on to state-of-the-art ITS platforms, which are already in use by major PT companies operating in urban areas. Moreover, it is argued that, in this new framework, additional services can be delivered to the passengers, such as online ticketing, vehicle access control and reservation in severely crowded situations, and evolved crowd-aware route planning. © 2001-2012 IEEE.

Revista Venezolana de Gerencia ; 28(101):210-227, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2245937


Since Covid-19 was declared a pandemic, academic researchers have tried to maintain the continuity of scientific processes and overcome the difficulties of field work;this motivated the exploration of new forms of data collection adapted to the changes imposed by the pandemic. The methodology used was exploratory-documentary, focused on the new media used by academic research and the way in which the instruments have had to adapt to the social limitations imposed on nations. The results show that thanks to teleworking and information and communication technologies, it has been possible to continue collecting data from virtual environments, which has involved reconsidering criteria and tools. It is concluded that the existence of renewed forms of data collection is marked mainly by the media, highlighting that the use of social and academic networks has expanded its borders, which has been used by researchers to have an approach to reality in the contemporaneity. © 2023, Universidad del Zulia. All rights reserved.

2022 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2022 ; : 2759-2764, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2223082
Neofilolog ; - (59-2):92-108, 2022.
Article in German | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2217696
Journal of Information Science ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2214292
Cas Lek Cesk ; 161(6): 247-254, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2169906


Health policy makers are striving to implement new approaches in healthcare with a focus on digital solutions. The COVID-19 pandemic has contributed to an unprecedented acceleration in the spread of information and communication technologies (ICT) in healthcare and has accelerated the use of telemedicine. The aim of the research was to identify problems related to the implementation of telemedicine in practice, to propose possible solutions and to identify the challenges of telemedicine in the Czech Republic in the future. The study is based on the results of a two-phase qualitative expert investigation. Data collection in the first phase took the form of individual semi-structured interviews with experts who have practical experience in the field of telemedicine. The follow-up second phase was conducted in the form of guided group discussions with experts focusing on health, financial and legislative aspects of telecare. It turned out that the introduction and expansion of telemedicine requires changes in the technological infrastructure, in the organization of care and work, and in the adjustment of the legislative environment. It is also necessary to consider the need to overcome several barriers at the level of the healthcare system, healthcare providers, healthcare professionals and patients. On the other hand, a condition for the successful introduction and development of telemedicine is coordinated cooperation between various institutions and stakeholders. The introduction of telemedicine should also be preceded by studies (research) and in-depth analyses. Telemedicine education of healthcare professionals and support for patients in developing their digital competences are also important.

COVID-19 , Telemedicine , Humans , Czech Republic/epidemiology , COVID-19/epidemiology , Pandemics , Telemedicine/methods , Delivery of Health Care
24th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2022 ; 1655 CCIS:175-183, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2173726
14th International Conference on Knowledge Management and Information Systems, KMIS 2022 as part of 14th International Joint Conference on Knowledge Discovery, Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, IC3K 2022 ; 3:192-199, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2167423
Revista Conrado ; 18(88):214-221, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2167379
Revista Venezolana de Gerencia ; 28(101):210-227, 2023.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2206989
Education as Change ; 26, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2205410
Artseduca ; - (33):97-108, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2203017
Digital Education Review ; - (42):1-15, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2196765
20th IEEE International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications, ICETA 2022 ; : 250-255, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191851
2nd IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies on Education and Research, ICALTER 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2191809
12th International Conference on Virtual Campus, JICV 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161449
12th International Conference on Virtual Campus, JICV 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2161446