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1.
Journal of International Agricultural and Extension Education ; 29(1):76-85, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2100059

ABSTRACT

Virtual reality is a technology that is on the leading edge of agricultural sciences dissemination. Virtual reality can be beneficial to improving global food security and better understanding climate impacts, due to its capabilities to reach mass media with critical information. Virtual reality, with the proper access, can connect users from all backgrounds to an immersive experience at their will. The impact of virtual reality as a dissemination tool in agriculture studies is relatively unknown in the literature. Therefore, the researchers chose to implement a mixed-methods research study to investigate the outcomes of student learning in a virtual reality course within the Texas A&M University Equine selection and judging team. Twelve students were purposively sampled within this study, with students taking the course in both 2020 and 2021. Findings from this study suggested that virtual reality could help students reach their desired learning outcomes. Students were also able to provide necessary information on improvements for the course, as it could possibly be a future barrier for student use if headsets are uncomfortable. Another finding of this research is that it further proved virtual reality technologies can be resourceful for disseminating agriculture education. Future studies should look to investigate virtual reality technologies and agriculture education on a wider array, as the results generated from this study are only applicable to the sample.

2.
Journal of Gastronomy and Tourism ; 7(1):35-49, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2099930

ABSTRACT

This article examines 17 examples of digital food in the tourism sector. Innovative digital transformation includes, for example, robots, integrated data-based servicescapes in restaurants, platform solutions that enhance community creation and sustainability, augmented and virtual reality (AR and VR), smart destinations, etc. The COVID-19 pandemic has stimulated a deeper tech-supported division of labor in the food sector, and transitions seem to be viable after the normalization of social life. Digital transformations may have come late in the food sector. However, the way that solutions are constantly modified converges with general logics in tech sector-that is, monopolistic tendencies, rapid accumulation, and planned upscaling and internationalization. Digital solutions receive widespread and positive appreciation for their ability to enhance creativity and experience value. Critical voices regarding new social practices are still limited, as are traces of e-fatigue. The article recommends that future studies embark on social, economic, and environmental discourses in greater depth. Critical theory will be helpful to guide the mapping of how digital food innovation can liberate, mobilize, and empower tourists and residents.

3.
International Journal of Medicine and Public Health ; 12(3):107-115, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2080788

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The study makes a bibliometric evaluation of global publications on "Application of Stem Cell Therapy to Covid-19" during 2020-22.

4.
Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics ; 12(4-s):101-111, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2056786

ABSTRACT

In-silico Computer-Aided Drug Design (CADD) often comprehends virtual screening (VS) of datasets of natural pharmaco-active compounds for drug discovery protocols. Plant Based Natural Products (PBNPs) still, remains to be a prime source of pharmaco-active compounds due to their unique chemical structural scaffolds and functionalities with distinct chemical characteristic feature from natural source that are much acquiescent to drug metabolism and kinetics. In the Post-COVID-Era number of publications pertaining to PBNPs and publicly accessible plant based natural product databases (PBNPDBs) has significantly increased. Moreover, PBNPs are important sources of inspiration or starting points to develop novel therapeutic agents. However, a well-structured, indepth ADME/Tox profile of PBNPs has been limited or lacking for many of such compounds, this hampers the successful exploitation of PBNPs by pharma industries. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity (ADMET) properties play key roles in the discovery/ development of drugs, pesticides, food additives, consumer products, and industrial chemicals. In the present study, ADMET-informatics of Tetradecanoic Acid (Myristic Acid) from ethyl acetate fraction of Moringa oleifera leaves to predict drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics (DMPK) outcomes has been taken up. This work contributes to the deeper understanding of Myristic acid as major source of drug from commonly available medicinal plant - Moringa oleifera with immense therapeutic potential. The data generated herein could be useful for NP based lead generation programs.

5.
Event Management ; 26(7):1653-1662, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055457

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to examine how tourism conference organizers react to the restricted mobility incurred by the spread of the COVID-19 virus. Do they cancel, change format, or change date for the event? This study contributes to an initial analysis of how organizers of international academic conferences in the tourism and hospitality industry deal with whole groups of participants who are no longer mobile and therefore cannot actively network personally. This uniquely compiled data covers a large representative number of conferences in this field. A Multinomial Logit model is used to estimate the options available. Data are based on unique information on almost 100 conferences, meetings, and congresses in the tourism and hospitality sector, including related fields such as leisure and recreation, planned to be held during the period of March to November 2020. Descriptive evidence shows that approximately one out of five conferences changes to a virtual format, somewhat more than half moves the date (mainly to the year 2021), and the remaining 25% cancel the event without alternative offers. Estimation results reveal that the decision to change to an online format increases nonlinearly over time in the form of an inverse U-shaped curve. This indicates a certain resistance to virtual conferences, although with more time for planning, a gradual adaptation to the actual situation appears to be possible. Longer conferences are less likely to change format. The probability of cancellations is lower for association conferences, which are held regularly.

6.
Land ; 11(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2055290

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the relationship between the rapid growth of online food purchasing and household food security during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in China using the city of Nanjing as a case study. The paper presents the results of an online survey of 968 households in Nanjing in March 2020 focused on their food purchasing behavior and levels of food security during the early weeks of the pandemic. While online food purchasing has increased rapidly in many countries during the COVID-19 pandemic, little research attention has been paid to the relationship between online food purchasing and household food security. This paper provides detailed insights into this relationship in China. The medium- and longer-term food security and other consequences of the pandemic pivot to online food purchasing are a fertile area for future research in China and elsewhere.

7.
Revista Paranaense de Desenvolvimento ; 140:71-88, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046696

ABSTRACT

Sectors strategic to the post Covid-19 economic recovery Parana are identified here by using an input-output matrix and economic indicators calculated from 2018 Parana-Rest of Brazil interregional system data. Intersectoral linkages indices portray food industry, civil construction, commerce and land transport as driving sectors of the state economy. Results concerning production, employment and income are higher for the textile and clothing, commerce, accommodation and food, education, health, and software development sectors, the latter being an important sector for the emergence of micro and small business. Incentive actions directed to strategic sectors in the economic recovery involve professional qualification, microcredit, business incubators, and extension activities focusing the dissemination of new communication and sales technologies.

8.
Arroz ; 70(556):3-12, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2046620

ABSTRACT

This article examines the increase in prices of farm inputs (herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and fertilizers) in 2021 and the reasons for the increase, including the rise in energy costs, the disruption caused by outbreaks of new variants of COVID-19, and the increase in international freight prices. It is concluded that there are definitely external factors, beyond local control, that are drastically affecting the prices of farm inputs, a situation that directly harms the Colombian agri-food market by significantly increasing production costs due to the high dependence on imported products and raw materials necessary in the national agrochemical and fertilizer industry. There is a need to implement technologies and cultivation practices that lead to the reduction and/or rationalization in the use of inputs, seeking to reduce production costs and increase yields.

9.
Espaces, Tourisme & Loisirs ; 358:106-108, 2021.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2045039

ABSTRACT

The events sector has suffered an unprecedented halt to its activity since March 2020. More than 300,000 jobs have been threatened since trade fairs, seminars, meetings and team building were brought to a halt by the Covid-19 epidemic. Far from being discouraged, the profession quickly thought about new models of encounters by imagining remote devices. The idea has been germinating for some time, but the health crisis has accelerated the trend towards the digitization of events without completely setting aside real encounters, but promoting a new form of hybrid encounters.

10.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):228-235, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040776

ABSTRACT

This study describes the need to develop and take steps to build Inquiry-Based Social Science Digital Books to improve vocational high school students' critical thinking. This type of research is a case study approach whose data sources are data from class X Vocational High School Students and History Teachers. The data collection methods used observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis used the interactive flow analysis technique, which consisted of data reduction, display, and verification. Based on the results of field observations, the study results showed that student learning outcomes through Distance Learning (PJJ) History during the COVID-19 pandemic were still low. Based on the initial comments in six vocational schools in Sukoharjo Regency, it was found that social studies teachers had difficulties delivering history social studies material to students. As a result, students have difficulty in understanding the subject matter, impacting low learning outcomes. From the interviews conducted, information was obtained that teachers were less skilled at integrating social studies learning using digital book teaching media. Hence, developing an inquiry-based historical, and social studies digital book is still necessary to improve students' critical thinking.

11.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):209-215, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040775

ABSTRACT

This study aims to assess the reality of distance learning in Moroccan universities in exceptional circumstances imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced the Moroccan government to suspend face-to-face study and compensate for it by distance learning for preserving the students' pedagogical continuity. The inclusion of interactive platforms for the benefit of students to ensure pedagogical communication with professors and the monitoring of lessons through them is among the most important decisions in Moroccan universities. However, this teaching style has defined several obstacles and problems, which we have tried to assess through a student opinion survey questionnaire to identify their opinions on the extent to which university distance learning has achieved the objectives set by the Moroccan education system. The importance of the study lies in the fact that the student is the center of the teaching-learning process, which makes knowing his attitudes towards distance education one of the things that must be studied and analyzed. This may enable officials to monitor realistic data and restructure the education system to achieve successful educational outcomes. First, the study concluded that the students encountered material and financial difficulties related to the logistical means and Internet connection, which negatively affected the students' motivation toward distance learning. Then, the study concluded that the digital content available to students was ineffective. Finally, the researchers concluded that the distance learning option could not compensate for face-to-face teaching in Moroccan universities.

12.
Journal of Henan Normal University Natural Science Edition ; 49(6):52-61, 2022.
Article in Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040774

ABSTRACT

With online learning technology fatly growing, especially with the Covid-19 pandemic, learning resources are produced in massive amounts, with high heterogeneity, and in numerous media formats. The key issue for today's learners is how to access the required learning resource based on their preferences and skills? Learning videos have become the central role in e-learning of higher education institutions. As a learning content, videos prove it is an important and necessary content delivery tool in all online platforms such as online, flipped, and blended classes. Hence, indicating suitable videos in seminal years possibly will help to do research in a better way. In this article, we present a recommender system that will suggest and guide learners in choosing appropriate learning videos per their requirements. Our system is based on collective intelligence. Indeed, we analyze the comments of Internet users on the videos to extract their opinions and then compare them with the evaluations to obtain a better recommendation.

13.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(3):520-526, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040750

ABSTRACT

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have been vital tools in human interaction in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic, allowing the virtuality of many daily activities that would otherwise configure an inherent biological risk of physical contact. For this reason, it was necessary to adopt ICT as non-face-to-face training elements in higher education, allowing pedagogical development and teacher-student interaction from home. This research sought to determine the influence of ICT on the learning of 450 Peruvian university students, in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.In general, transmissive ICT obtained higher proportions of accessibility (87%), usability (81%) and influence on student learning (73%) compared to interactive ones (Figure 1), with active ICT being the least perceived in all three dimensions. According to the results obtained, a positive relationship is proposed between university student learning and the adoption of ICT tools during the COVID-19 pandemic period (p = 0.076). Search engines, video conferences, web pages, academic platforms, repositories, and multimedia tutorials exert the greatest positive influence on the educational process. However, health science students showed more aversion to establishing ICT in their learning, while engineering students showed greater receptivity to its application.

14.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(3):504-512, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040749

ABSTRACT

The eGovernment is an interconnected system that interacts with citizens and provides them increased services through electronic applications, with the help of ICT, in this case, with the arrival of Sars-CoV-2, it was intended to know the momentum in the system of justice of the judicial district of Junin, as well as, the provisions for the containment of the spread of this coronavirus issued by justice and health systems;using the Analysis-Synthesis method. It was possible to obtain that 60.55% of the respondents have stated that the implementation of the Electronic Government contributes to the guarantee in the administration of justice;It contributes to compliance with due process and 49.54% indicated they agree that the application of the eGovernment affects the judicial function in the Junin Judicial District. At the national level, it is in the process of digital transformation through the identification and adoption of digital solutions such as electronic medical records, telehealth and all its forms, and the Digital Agenda of the Health Sector 2020-2025, constitutes a valuable instrument for the articulation and management of the sector, promotion of digital transformation in health with the use of information technologies to improve the quality of health care and, the need to accelerate said transformation, in order to contribute to mitigating the effects of the health emergency due to the current Covid-19 pandemic and, of others that arise.

15.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):163-169, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040744

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the research was to try to see the perception of virtual classes and the possible academic repercussions that university students had in Peru, and their associated factors, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Analytical cross-sectional study in Peruvian university students during the first wave of the pandemic, the variable that mediates perception was obtained through a validated scale. In the analytical statistics, it was found that women had a higher frequency of perception of academic repercussions (PRa: 1.37;95% CI: 1.18-1.59;p value <0.001), this adjusted for age, study career and university. Women were the ones who perceived the most repercussions. Although an association was only found with the sex of the respondents, larger studies should be carried out and in more advanced stages of the pandemic, since our results can be taken as baseline, but the influence of others should be followed up and determine the influence of other variables.

16.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 61(Edicion Especial II 2021):87-96, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040738

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impetus that the pandemic caused by the new Covid-19 coronavirus will provide to the acceleration of the automation of the Port Logistics processes in the Port of Callao in Peru. The study was carried out from a qualitative approach, using the conceptual - inductive and phenomenological method as specific methods. Likewise, to collect the information, the in-depth interview technique applied to six specialists involved with the Port of Callao and its different operations was used. The information collected from the informants was developed through the synthesis and the Atlas.ti software. Regarding the investigative findings and conclusions, the pandemic has changed the way of conducting international business around the world, and a gap has opened in relation to the use of social networks, the internet and the tools that it brings with it. have become indispensable for this economic area, and also for the processes of exporting and importing goods and services, in the same way, to stop contagion and the spread of the virus, the governments of each country have adopted measures that have affected both producers as well as consumers.

17.
International Journal of Travel Medicine and Global Health ; 10(2):76-82, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040688

ABSTRACT

Introduction: COVID-19 is a novel infection caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). This study was a descriptive analysis of COVID-19 during the first and second waves in Kwara State, North-Central Nigeria.

18.
Japanese Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics ; 80(3):210-217, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2040269

ABSTRACT

Objective: Due to the prolonged social restrictions implemented during the novel COVID-19 pandemic, there is a need to develop effective dietary intervention methods for pregnant/postpartum women without meeting in-person. We conducted a literature review on online dietary intervention studies on pregnant/postpartum women.

19.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039242

ABSTRACT

Background: Most of the studies that have informed the public health response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya have relied on samples that are not representative of the general population. We conducted population-based serosurveys at three Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems (HDSSs) to determine the cumulative incidence of infection with SARS-CoV-2.

20.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(8), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2039239

ABSTRACT

Official COVID-19 mortality statistics are strongly influenced by local diagnostic capacity, strength of the healthcare and vital registration systems, and death certification criteria and capacity, often resulting in significant undercounting of COVID-19 attributable deaths. Excess mortality, which is defined as the increase in observed death counts compared to a baseline expectation, provides an alternate measure of the mortality shock-both direct and indirect-of the COVID-19 pandemic. Here, we use data from civil death registers from a convenience sample of 90 (of 162) municipalities across the state of Gujarat, India, to estimate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on all-cause mortality. Using a model fit to weekly data from January 2019 to February 2020, we estimated excess mortality over the course of the pandemic from March 2020 to April 2021. During this period, the official government data reported 10,098 deaths attributable to COVID-19 for the entire state of Gujarat. We estimated 21,300 [95% CI: 20, 700, 22, 000] excess deaths across these 90 municipalities in this period, representing a 44% [95% CI: 43%, 45%] increase over the expected baseline. The sharpest increase in deaths in our sample was observed in late April 2021, with an estimated 678% [95% CI: 649%, 707%] increase in mortality from expected counts. The 40 to 65 age group experienced the highest increase in mortality relative to the other age groups. We found substantial increases in mortality for males and females. Our excess mortality estimate for these 90 municipalities, representing approximately at least 8% of the population, based on the 2011 census, exceeds the official COVID-19 death count for the entire state of Gujarat, even before the delta wave of the pandemic in India peaked in May 2021. Prior studies have concluded that true pandemic-related mortality in India greatly exceeds official counts. This study, using data directly from the first point of official death registration data recording, provides incontrovertible evidence of the high excess mortality in Gujarat from March 2020 to April 2021.

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