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1.
Risus-Journal on Innovation and Sustainability ; 13(1):72-85, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1822692

ABSTRACT

Purpose - to investigate the features of quality management of electronic services in Ukraine in the context of digitalization intensified by the COVID-19 pandemic. Research methodology - analysis of statistical data published in traditional media, analysis of annual monitoring studies of private commercial companies, the study of the regulatory framework, published in free access to the Internet research on the problem of managing the quality of electronic services, as well as the author's sociological research, which allows assessing the level of e-services in Ukraine. Findings - there were highlighted the main criteria for business development in a fundamentally new digital environment of communication and social interaction, due to the intensive development of IT technologies, which implies the introduction of innovative methods of working with consumers in virtual environments based on messenger platforms. The conducted sociological research made it possible to highlight the reasons for the decline in the quality of service provision due to weak cyber protection, imperfection of the regulatory framework in the context of determining quality criteria, the legal unresolved issue of responsibility for disclosing personal data of consumers, a low level of digital culture of citizens, a fairly large volume of false content, dissatisfaction with the speed of the mobile Internet. Research limitations - the lack of systematization of the types of electronic services, the imperfection of the methodology for organizing the system for managing the procedure for the provision of services, the lack of regulatory certainty, which makes it possible to establish responsibility for quality and confidentiality. An interdisciplinary approach has led to the development of key determinants for evaluating e-service delivery. Highlighted business problems when working on Internet platforms, the elimination of which will improve the quality of electronic services. The economic, social, legal, and technical prerequisites for reducing the quality of e-services have been established, as well as a comparative analysis of the technical capabilities of mobile providers providing coverage and penetration of the Internet in the country.

2.
Biomedicines ; 10(4):43, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1820166

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 pandemic has affected the physical health, psychological wellbeing, and mental health of the whole population. Young people are among those most at risk of developing mental health symptoms or disorders related to the pandemic. Purpose: the present narrative review is aimed at providing an updated overview of the current literature concerning the psychological impact of the SARS-CoV-2 infection but also of the COVID-19 outbreak, environmental restriction, and social distancing on mental health outcomes among the youth population aged between 15 and 25 years. Methods: in December 2021, an electronic search on this topic was performed on PubMed. Relevant publications from January 2020 until December 2021 were included. Findings: 53 cross-sectional studies, 26 longitudinal studies, 4 ecological studies, 1 qualitative study, and 1 systematic review were included. We found many methodological limitations in the studies included, especially poor choice of study samples and short follow-ups. Little literature was in support of a strong relationship between SARS-CoV-2 infection and consequences on youth mental health. On the contrary, many studies showed how extraordinary measures to limit the spread of the virus have impacted young people in terms of onset of new mental disorders and symptoms, suicidality, and access to emergency psychiatric services. Depressive and anxiety symptoms and disorders show the greatest increase in incidence, especially in girls and young women. Conclusions: it seems important to pay attention to the mental health of young people in relation to the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, studies with more robust methodologies and longer follow-ups are needed to establish precise indications for targeted interventions in this context.

3.
Ieee Transactions on Engineering Management ; : 11, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1819855

ABSTRACT

The Government of India has started the distribution of the Covishield and Covaxin vaccines across all the comprising states. In developing states like Bihar, the vaccine supply chain (VSC) is likely to face many challenges due to poor health infrastructure, multidimensional poverty, and poor literacy. Supply chain practitioners are experimenting with available technologies to deal with supply, demand, and behavioral challenges. The present research work seeks to inspect the potential impact of Internet of Things (IoT) on the performance of the VSC. This study draws literature on the impact of IoT on product management, demand management, supply management, social behavior, and government rules and regulations to develop and test the conceptual model in Bihar. Consequently, the study administrated a survey and used structural equation modeling to investigate the proposed hypothesis. The analysis illustrates the positive influence of IoT adoption on the performance of the VSC in distributing the COVID vaccine. The finding also shows the positive relationship between product, supply, demand, and social behavior in IoT adoption. Analysis displays that Indian politicians can substantially impact vaccine distribution because they have influence and awareness of their local districts. This research work has a significant theoretical and managerial contribution for government and practitioners, supporting regulatory officials and policymakers in improving vaccine distribution.

4.
IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (IEEE RFID-TA) ; : 241-243, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1819838

ABSTRACT

The last two years were strongly shaped by the COVID-19 pandemic and the social distancing countermeasures. The worldwide research changed as well, focusing on the problems created or exacerbated by the novel coronavirus. The Pervasive Electromagnetics Lab of the Tor Vergata University of Rome with a great engagement of several medical engineering students focused on applying sensor-oriented RFID to improve personal safety. In particular, the sensorization of the filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs) was one of the COVID-inspired research topics. FFRs integrating RFID-based sensors were designed and tested. In this contribution, the most significant results achieved are summarized regarding humidity-sensing and cough-monitoring FFRs.

5.
Telecommunications Policy ; : 102371, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1819610

ABSTRACT

There is a widely accepted belief in new technologies that the digital divide in using a service will disappear as the service reaches an advanced level of maturity. The work presented here shows that this idea is debatable. Data from Spain, a country where daily internet users are 75.9 percent of the population, prove that the gender gap still exists. The paper explores if this gap can be entirely explained by the socioeconomic differences between men and women. We build a micro panel model and incorporate a set of socioeconomic variables (age, education, income, employment status, digital skills, and resident population) that allow us to isolate the effects of gender on the decision to become a daily Internet user. The results conclude that the Internet gap is a phenomenon with a specific gender component. Other things being equal a woman negatively affects the probability of using the Internet. Applying a similar model to 15 Internet services, we obtain that gender is always significant to explain the likelihood of being a user of each service. However, in some services (7 out of 15), the effect is favorable to women, and for other services (8), the gender effect favors men. The work concludes by analyzing the impact of the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic on the use of Internet services, paying particular attention to its possible implications for the gender gap.

6.
Applied Energy ; 311:10, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1819428

ABSTRACT

This work demonstrates a self-powered wireless IoT sensing system driven by daily ambient temperature energy harvesting. A novel approach using a thermoelectric generator (TEG) which harvests thermal energy from daily ambient temperature fluctuations into electricity as a power source for wireless IoT devices is proposed and investigated. A harvested temperature difference across the TEG is created by employing a phase change material (PCM) which allows the temperature value to be maintained near the melting point at the phase transition during the ambient temperature fluctuations. Experimental results indicated that the harvested temperature differences are 10 degrees C and 5 degrees C for 300 ml and 30 ml of PCM, respectively, during the ambient temperature variations from 5 degrees C to 25 degrees C. By utilizing the ambient temperature fluctuations between day and night times, an average maximum output power of TEG measured for 3 days is 340 mu W and DC-DC electronic conversion efficiency is 28.3%. The total storable energy of approximately 1.46 J for a day is estimated. A capacitor as an energy storage unit could be fully charged and its usable energy is calculated at 0.686 J. The current consumption of 2.1 mu A for every transmit cycle is estimated. A self-powered wireless IoT sensing system driven by realistic ambient temperature variations able to sense the ambient temperature as well as the ambient humidity and transmit to a computer via RF communication is demonstrated successfully.

7.
5th International Conference on Computational Vision and Bio Inspired Computing (ICCVBIC) ; 1420:219-228, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1819413

ABSTRACT

Background An outbreak of 2019 coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) in urban centre, China, has unfolded quickly nationwide. There is a scarcity of human resource for observance of the symptoms of COVID-19 in patients or suspected person. Additionally, humans in the market for the monitorization of the symptoms are vulnerable because the COVID-19 will have an effect on those too. Methods Presently, there are many smartwatches/ smart bands available in the market which monitor the health parameters, but do not alert the user for any symptomatic changes in those parameters. And, the currently available watches/bands do not locate the person. Result This paper consists of an idea of inventing a smart healthcare device named as "Corona Warrior Smart Band" which measures the temperature, pulse rate and blood oxygen levels of a person without any human intervention and alerts the user and nearby COVID care centre (CCC) if any of the health parameters shows unusual observations in accordance with the COVID-19 conditions. This band also helps the COVID care centre's team to detect the live location of the suspected person. Conclusion This band is the best example of preventing the spreading and affection of COVID-19 virus in the society.

8.
Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences ; 16(3):209-211, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819179

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study is designed to understand the views of the faculty involved in teaching anatomy using online platforms during recent covid-19 pandemic. An insight into their experiences may help policy makers to improve online sessions of anatomy in the future. Study design: Qualitative phenomenological study Place and duration of study: From September to December 2021 at Dental College, HITEC-IMS. Materials & methods: Semi structured interviews were conducted face to face and transcribed verbatim. All responses were subjected to qualitative analysis, and themes were derived. Results: A total of 15 female participants from three institutions gave feedback. One of the main themes identified was Teaching effectiveness with subthemes including, included Disconnection, feeling ineffective, Technological issues, administrative issues, student related issues, internet issues. Second theme was Opportunities with subthemes including professional development, logistics, blended learning. Third theme was continuing development of online teaching which had subcategories of teacher training, student motivation and connectivity. Conclusion: The study highlights the issues faced by the faculty, teaching anatomy online for the first time during a pandemic. The feedback about learning opportunities gained and advice for future teaching may help inform policy makers of curricular reforms regarding blended learning in future teaching of anatomy.

9.
Journal of Medical Sciences (Peshawar) ; 30(1):47-52, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1819178

ABSTRACT

Objective: Technology enhanced assessment or e-assessment is an emerging approach across the globe and is adapted by almost all medical and dental institutes. The objective of this study is to report on effects of COVID-19 on assessment format of medical institutes. This review seeks to find which methods are being used for a changed assessment format and who is being affected by sudden change in assessment format and what facilitators and/or barriers have been reported related to the success and/or failure of changed assessment format. Material qnd Methods: This scoping review followed the methodology outlined by Arksey and O’Malley framework (2005). Data sources including PubMed, Eric, Medline, Semantic scholar and Google scholar were searched for the last 5 years of articles (from 2016 to 2021) related to e-assessment in medical education. Results: In total, 9 articles met our inclusion criteria. Open book examination was considered to be a new normal keeping in mind its strengths and advantages in an online format. Digital literacy plays an important role in the acceptance of technology enhanced assessment. Faculty needs training to opt for this sudden change in teaching and assessment format. Connectivity issues need to be taken care of, as the whole format depends upon it. Conclusion: e-assessment was well accepted by most of the students. Future studies should target students inconvenience for online assessment. Also lack of e-learning experience of some staff need attention. Insufficiency of IT technicians should be overcome. High speed internet is the requirement of the day. New software can be developed for a more reliable and valid assessment method.

10.
Journal of the Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences ; 21(1):33-38, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate allied health and nursing staff’s online COVID-19 related information-seeking behavior to prevent COVID-19 infection. METHODOLOGY: This study was cross-sectional research performed from February to May 2020 that surveyed allied health and nursing staff working in healthcare settings, whether full or part-time, of Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Two valid questionnaires, such as preventive behaviors and online COVID-19 related information-seeking behaviors, were used. Multiple logistic models were used to explain the correlation between one dependent binary variable and other variables. RESULTS: 291(94.8%) had good preventive behaviors. 239 (77.9%) of the participants, after getting online health information from the Internet, very often search the obtained data in other books and journals;240 (78.2%) very often compare the received data with information on other websites;252 (82.1%) very often consulted with physicians about the obtained information. There was a relationship between online COVID-19 related information-seeking behaviors (Beta = 0.04, 95% CI: 1.02-1.06 and P<0.001) and preventive behaviors. CONCLUSION: Health-care workers use various information-seeking strategies to decrease the chance of finding inaccurate data and misjudging the correct data. This study shows that healthcare workers’ behavior to see credible information related to COVID-19 significantly affects their preventive behaviors.

11.
Medicinski Casopis ; 55(2):59-65, 2021.
Article in Croatian | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1818623

ABSTRACT

Objective. Determination of the correlations between the search for key terms related to the COVID-19 pandemic and the course of the epidemic in Serbia. Methods. A survey was conducted as a cross-sectional study, in November 2020. The research was conducted through the Google Trends website. This open-access platform is based on automatic data collection to estimate the percentage of searches for relevant keywords of interest. The data collected were anonymous and were divided by days, months, years, and geographical regions. Results. The study included 32 key terms related to the COVID-19 pandemic. There was a statistically significant positive correlation with the number of registered cases per day for the terms: "coronavirus", "corona", "covid-19", "covid", " COVID", "virus", "corona symptoms", "loss of smell", "loss of taste", "loss of smell and taste", "loss of sense of smell", "loss of sense of taste", "pneumonia", " COVID infirmary", "infirmary", " COVID test", "corona test", "PCR", "serology ", "antibodies ", "corona antibodies", "vaccine ", "corona vaccine". Conclusion. The shown correlation between the search for appropriate terms related to the COVID-19 pandemic and the course of the epidemic in Serbia can significantly help in predicting the course of the COVID-19 epidemic. In the future, we should work on developing predictive models and software tools based on these resources, not only for COVID-19, but also for other diseases, which would monitor Internet searches in real-time, all with the aim of adequate and timely organization of public health activities.

12.
Food and Health ; 8(2):118-126, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1817895

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 phobia on mindful eating, eating habits and body weight change among university students. This study was carried out with 385 university students who have been in social isolation at home for at least 2 months. The online survey was constituted via an internet-based questionnaire on Google forms. The survey includes demographics features, body weight, eating habits, change in appetite and consumption of food/food groups. COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S) and the Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) were used.

13.
Journal of Musculoskeletal Research ; 25(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816790

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The sudden lockdown due to COVID-19 in India led to closure of schools and colleges. This resulted in an increased usage of online mode of study, with a more sedentary lifestyle. The survey study aimed to analyze the prevalence of any musculoskeletal problem in students and teachers due to the same. Methodology: A Google Form was distributed by a snowball sampling technique using various social media platforms. A total of 715 responses were received. Results: Maximum respondents were in the age range of 18-25 years. Eighty eight percent of participants in the survey were involved in the online mode of education, with 60.8% experiencing some form of musculoskeletal pain or discomfort;71% of people believed that the cause of pain was online working. Neck pain (51.3%) followed by low back pain (33.4%) and headaches (29.8%) were commonly reported. University teachers reported maximum pain followed by university students, school teachers and school students. Of all the respondents, 60.8% people admitted to adopting awkward postures while at work, whereas only 27.6% of them exercised to relieve pain and discomfort. Conclusion: There is an urgent need to develop appropriate intervention strategies for people involved in sedentary online work to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal pain and discomfort. Physical therapy can play a major role in managing this lifestyle hazard.

14.
Respirology ; 27(SUPPL 1):192, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816640

ABSTRACT

Introduction/Aim: The Respiratory Nursing Service (RNS) at The Queen Elizabeth Hospital (TQEH) uses various review modes including telephone, home or outpatient visits to provide support with disease and exacerbation management. Sars-COV-2 has seen telehealth access fast tracked to provided alternatives to face to face review for continuation of personalized management. Aim: To assess the feasibility and cost of using telehealth in a respiratory outreach nursing program as an alternative to home visiting for face to face patient review for disease management and support during exacerbation. Methods: Respiratory Chronic Disease clients of the TQEH RNS were invited to participate. Requiring an electronic device and internet connection, participants were supported in downloading and testing the telehealth platform. An oximeter and thermometer were provided if participants did not already have at home to enable an objective vital sign assessment of exacerbation should they become unwell. Service utilization, patient satisfaction and staff reported practicality of using telehealth were assessed. Results: Nineteen participants were enrolled, four failed to complete the 6-month study (2-withdrew and 2-died). A total of 51 telehealth episodes occurred with 21 patientreported exacerbations, 76% of these were managed at home. Projected savings on bed days, admission costs and service utilization timings for varying review modes were reported. Eighty percent of patients reported that telehealth provided the same standard of care as face to face. Sixty-seven percent said technology was easy to use, 80% would use telehealth again. Staff reported issues included variable sound and video quality, timeliness of patient to call in and technical issues resulting in platform failure. Conclusion: Telehealth presents opportunities for efficiencies in time and potential cost savings from hospital avoidance strategies for managing exacerbations in the community. Reliability of the platform and the confidence of patients using technology are challenges.

15.
24th International Symposium on Wireless Personal Multimedia Communication (WPMC) - Paving the Way for Digital and Wireless Transformation ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1816487

ABSTRACT

Outbreak of coronavirus (COVID-19) has resulted in lockdowns and many healthcare systems around the world getting overwhelmed. In time of pandemic, Internet of Things (IoT) and, especially, Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) can be leveraged to ease the strain put onto local hospitals and healthcare providers through preventive medicine and telemedicine. This paper offers state-of-the-art review of current use of Internet of Things within healthcare systems in the context of tackling COVID-19. It also suggests future research for battling COVID-19 through IoT, using it for purposes such as social distancing, contact tracing, health monitoring, and early diagnosing.

16.
Clinical Cancer Research ; 27(6 SUPPL 1), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1816926

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To describe adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients' and survivors' experiences with telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Eligible participants were identified through the Huntsman Intermountain Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Care Program, which provides age-specific programming and patient navigation to AYA cancer patients and survivors in Utah and surrounding Mountain West states. Participants were emailed an online survey if they were currently age 18 or older and had been diagnosed with cancer between the ages of 15-39 years. We applied descriptive statistics to summarize demographics, comfortability with technology, access to reliable internet connection, and perceived quality of care while using telehealth. Results: AYAs (N=280) were an average of 29.4 years old at survey (range 18-58);65.2% were female and 82.4% non-Hispanic white. Over half (54.2%) had received cancer treatment since March 2020. All participants reported owning a computer, tablet, and/or smart phone they could use for telehealth appointments. The majority (93.5%) reported almost always or always having a reliable internet connection. AYAs felt most comfortable having a telehealth appointment in their own home (96.4%);only 12.5% felt comfortable using telehealth at work. Since March 2020, (N=183) 65.4% had a health care visit moved to a telehealth platform due to COVID-19. Of those who recently moved to telehealth, 60.1% had an oncology visit, 33.9% had a primary care visit, and 31.1% had a mental health visit. Additionally over one-third (35.2%) reported the quality of their medical care had decreased since moving to telehealth. This was most commonly due to 1) troubles with audio, video, or connecting through telehealth platforms;2) telehealth visits feeling impersonal;and 3) feeling that providers more easily dismissed or did not fully address their symptoms. Conclusions: Although AYAs are digital natives, over one third of AYAs feel the quality of their medical care has decreased since moving to telehealth for COVID-19. Further research should explore medical provider training in using telehealth systems and encourage telehealth practices that help AYAs feel more supported and understood.

17.
Legal Information Management ; 22(1):45-48, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1815446

ABSTRACT

This opinion article, by Channarong Intahchomphoo and Christian Tschirhart, explains the evolution of data and how it becomes useful information and then insightful knowledge. In the current era we are witnessing a high increase in the development and adaptation of artificial intelligence (AI) in society. AI technologies have the ability to process large volumes of data and information to help in finding insightful knowledge. However, AI is not perfect and there are ethical concerns, particularly when unintended negative consequences result from it;this paper also discusses ethical concerns currently confronting our society related to the freedom of expression and hate speech issues with AI. Importantly, this paper notes that governments are working to find ways to regulate social media and internet companies through legal channels as governments are no longer confident in the ability of social media and internet companies to self-regulate and thereby to guide society on what content is right or wrong. This is a critical new development in internet and AI governance that information and technology professionals and public and private organizations need to monitor closely the situation as it evolves.

18.
Journal of Clinical and Translational Science ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1815387

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic led to an increased need to conduct research and community engagement using digital methods. Unfortunately, the shift away from in-person research activities can make it difficult to engage and recruit participants from under-resourced communities that lack adequate digital infrastructure. At the beginning of the pandemic our team recognized that imminent lockdowns would significantly disrupt ongoing engagement with lowincome housing resident community partners and that we would ultimately bear responsibility if that occurred. This manuscript outlines the development of methods designed to create capacity for virtual engagement with a community advisory board that were subsequently applied to a longitudinal mixed-methods study. We describe how our experience engaging low-income housing residents during the height of the pandemic influenced the approach and offer guidelines useful for engaging under-resourced communities regardless of setting. Of these, a strong commitment to providing technology, unlimited data connectivity, and basic digital literacy training/technical support is most important. While each of these is essential and failure in any one area will reduce overall effectiveness of the effort, providing adequate technical support while maintaining ongoing relationships with community members is the most important and resource intensive.

19.
Transport Policy ; 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1815235

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the impacts of increasing Internet penetration on airfares and price dispersion in the Chinese airline market. It is found that an increase in Internet penetration is associated with higher average airfares and lower price dispersion between the major Chinese carriers. It appears that the increase in Internet penetration seems to have strengthened the major airlines’ ability to maintain price stability, which is an indication of the existence mutual forbearance among the major carriers confirmed in other studies. Higher prices and lower price dispersion are mostly to occur in the most heavily markets. This research also finds that if carriers possess similar degree of market power, the price dispersion between the airline pair is smaller. The findings can generate important policy insights, and inform anti-trust policies in the post-Covid period, when more consumers use Internet for search and inquiries, and when big data and artificial intelligence technologies mature.

20.
Expert Systems with Applications ; : 117362, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1814407

ABSTRACT

Mobile and wearable devices embedded with multiple sensors for health monitoring and disease diagnosis are growing fields with the potential to provide efficient means for remote health management. A sensor-based health monitoring system offers an essential mechanism for real-time diagnosis and management to detect/predict, recommend treatment and prevent the onset of diseases. This paper aims to synthesize the research efforts on mobile and wearable sensors for health monitoring. It will investigate sensors, components of health monitoring systems, major application areas, challenges, and solutions faced during the implementation of health monitoring systems by researchers and practitioners. It was observed that sensors embedded in mobile and wearable devices for health monitoring are broadly categorized into homogeneous, dual, and heterogeneous sensors. In health monitoring, heterogeneous sensor-based is widely implemented and the most effective due to its ability to combine multiple sensors from various domains. The fusion of multiple sensors provides reliability, credibility, and better accuracy for monitoring multiple health parameters. We observed that researchers follow established procedures such as data collection, data transmission, preprocessing, feature extraction and development, data analysis, and evaluation of different algorithms for implementation of the health monitoring system. Supervised machine learning algorithms such as support vector machine, decision tree, k-nearest neighbors, and deep learning methods were the most implemented methods, while accuracy was the favored evaluation measure for health monitoring. Generally, we found that a health monitoring system is implemented to resolve health issues in the areas of human activity and posture monitoring, sleep disorder, sleep stage detection, fall monitoring in the elderly, depression, and mood swing detection. Other important areas include Parkinson’s disease management, cardiac diseases monitoring, disease diagnosis, and well-being, and Corona virus detection and contact tracing to minimize infection rate. Furthermore, the review succinctly highlights various challenges impeding the development of sensor-based health monitoring systems with significant solutions that were recommended in the literature to ameliorate these challenges discussed. From the review, it can be acknowledged that various research efforts have been conducted to develop effective health monitoring systems, and many new systems have been implemented. However, there is still much work to be done which we have also discussed under future prospects.

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