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1.
Oryx ; : 8, 2022.
Article in English | English Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1882701

ABSTRACT

Snake soup continues to be an iconic tradition in Cantonese culture. Yet little is known about the relationship between snake soup consumption in Hong Kong, wild snake populations, and the communities depending on this tradition for their livelihoods. We applied an interdisciplinary approach including interviews with shopkeepers and genetic analyses of snake meat samples to determine the species consumed in Hong Kong, their source locations, and shopkeepers' views on the future of the industry. We genetically identified the common rat snake Ptyas mucosa, widely distributed throughout East and Southeast Asia, and the Javan spitting cobra Naja sputatrix, endemic to Indonesia, as the species most commonly consumed, which was consistent with interview responses. According to interviews, snakes had mostly been imported from mainland China in the past, but now tend to be sourced from Southeast Asia, particularly Indonesia. Interviews also revealed a pessimistic outlook on the continuation of this tradition because of various factors, including a lasting yet misinformed association of snakes with the 2002-2003 outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Given the COVID-19 pandemic and China's ensuing ban on the consumption of terrestrial wildlife, Hong Kong's snake soup industry will probably continue to rely on Southeast Asian sources to persist. Given the cultural and conservation issues surrounding this tradition, further research on the economic, ecological and social consequences of snake consumption is needed to examine the broader implications of snake soup and similar industries in the region.

2.
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 2022 Jun 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878776

ABSTRACT

AIMS: To describe the perceptions of delay in medical care-seeking, when afflicted by an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) during the first wave of the pandemic. METHODS AND RESULTS: A qualitative descriptive study with an inductive approach. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were conducted, analysed by qualitative content analysis with a manifest approach. One category and six sub-categories emerged. The decision was reached when the health threat was perceived as critical, which made the earlier thoughts of the pandemic fade away. The risk of infection during medical visits caused fear of contracting the disease. This resulted in hesitation, neglect of symptoms, and avoidance of healthcare visits. Following recommendations from authorities and media about personal responsibility was motivated by fear, affecting the care-seeking. CONCLUSION: It appears that the COVID-19 pandemic raised the threshold for deciding to seek medical care when presenting with an AMI. The pandemic led to increased patient delay due to several reasons among which fear of contracting the disease was prominent. The emotion of fear was related to the external threat to one's own health, due to COVID-19, and not fear of symptoms related to an AMI. The media reporting the healthcare system as overloaded increased insecurity and may have had an influence on delay.

3.
Internet Interv ; 29: 100544, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1864187

ABSTRACT

Background: Bangladesh is a lower-middle-income country affected by a severe lack of mental health service availability due to a scarcity of mental health experts, limited mental health literacy, and community stigma. In other low and middle-income countries, the online provision of mental health care services has addressed issues affecting service availability, accessibility, mass awareness of services, and stigma. Objective: The current study sought to understand stakeholders' perceptions of the potential of digital media-based mental health care delivery in strengthening Bangladesh's mental health system. Method: Online in-depth interviews were conducted with seven psychiatrists and eleven people with lived experiences of mental health issues. In addition, two online focus groups were conducted with ten psychologists and nine mental health entrepreneurs. A thematic analysis of the audio transcriptions was used to identify themes. Result: Stakeholders perceived that the benefits of digital media-based mental health services included the potential of increasing the awareness, availability, and accessibility of mental health services. Participants recommended: the rehabilitation of existing pathways; the use of social media to raise awareness; and the implementation of strategies that integrate different digital-based services to strengthen the mental health system and foster positive mental health-seeking behaviors. Conclusion: Growing mental health awareness, combined with the appropriate use of digital media as a platform for distributing information and offering mental services, can help to promote mental health care. To strengthen mental health services in Bangladesh, tailored services, increased network coverage, and training are required on digital mental health.

4.
Comprehensive Psychiatry ; 116, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1877307

ABSTRACT

BackgroundHealthcare workers (HCWs) have experienced anxiety and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. We established and report findings from an occupational health programme for HCWs in Zimbabwe that offered screening for SARS-CoV-2 with integrated screening for comorbidities including common mental disorder (CMD) and referral for counselling.MethodsQuantitative outcomes were fearfulness about COVID-19, the Shona Symptom Questionnaire (SSQ-14) score (cutpoint 8/14) and the number and proportion of HCWs offered referral for counselling, accepting referral and counselled. We used chi square tests to identify factors associated with fearfulness, and logistic regression was used to model the association of fearfulness with wave, adjusting for variables identified using a DAG. Qualitative data included 18 in-depth interviews, two workshops conducted with HCWs and written feedback from counsellors, analysed concurrently with data collection using thematic analysis.ResultsBetween 27 July 2020–31 July 2021, spanning three SARS-CoV-2 waves, the occupational health programme was accessed by 3577 HCWs from 22 facilities. The median age was 37 (IQR 30–43) years, 81.9% were women, 41.7% said they felt fearful about COVID-19 and 12.1% had an SSQ-14 score ≥ 8. A total of 501 HCWs were offered referral for counselling, 78.4% accepted and 68.9% had ≥1 counselling session. Adjusting for setting and role, wave 2 was associated with increased fearfulness over wave 1 (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.00–1.60). Qualitative data showed high levels of anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms and burnout related to the pandemic. Mental wellbeing was affected by financial insecurity, unmet physical health needs and inability to provide quality care within a fragile health system.ConclusionsHCWs in Zimbabwe experience a high burden of mental health symptoms, intensified by the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainable mental health interventions must be multisectoral addressing mental, physical and financial wellbeing.

5.
Debats ; 136(1):103-117, 2022.
Article in Catalan | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1876463

ABSTRACT

La reivindicado dels cossos femenins a l'espai public és una constant en els moviments socials feministes. Ja sigui ocupant els carrers en protesta pels drets i la igualtat de les dones, contra l'assetjament sexual i la violació o involucrat en altres manifestacions socials, el paper del cos femení a l'espai públic vehiculant un missatge social és reivindicat per artistes de totes les disciplines. En el camp de la dansa, algunes companyies actuen expressament en espais públics amb l'objectiu precís de conquerir-lo com a escenari per visibilitzar els cossos femenins, destacant-ne la diversitat i reclamant més igualtat i llibertat. A través d'entrevistes collectives, analitzem el discurs coreografic dels col·lectius Bellywarda (FatChanceBellyDance©) i L'Armée des Roses (cancan), dues companyies franceses compromeses amb la difusió del feminisme al carrer. Amb l'objectiu d'estudiar ľapropiació de l'espai urba, la interacció i recepció amb el públic, els vincles socials entre ballarines i la transmissio dels valors feministes, hem abordat l'observació de la dansa i les entrevistes des de la sociologia de les emocions, la fenomenologia dels espais urbans i els estudis de dones. El context de pandemia no ens ha permès fer una observació de la recepció del públic al carrer, però hem pogut abordar amb elles la situació a França de la dansa, considerada com a «bé cultural no essencial», amb la prohibició de la realització d'activitats culturals durant el segon confinament, moment en quě es realitza aquest estudi.Alternate :The reaffirmation of female bodies in public spaces is a constant in feminist social movements. Indeed, the role of the female body in public spaces and conveying a social message is vindicated by artists from all disciplines, whether by occupying the streets in protest of unequal women's rights and equality or sexual harassment and rape, or in other social demonstrations. In the field of dance, some companies perform expressly in public spaces with the precise aim of conquering these arenas as a stage to visibilise female bodies, highlighting their diversity and demanding more equality and freedom. In this article, we use collective interviews with two French companies committed to promoting feminism in the streets Bellywarda (FatChanceBellyDance©) and L'Armée des Roses (performing the cancan), to analyse the choreographic discourse related to this concept. We aimed to study the appropriation of public spaces, interactions with the public at large and their reception of these performances, social links between dancers, and the transmission of feminist values. Observation of these dances and the interview outcomes was addressed from the perspectives of the sociology of emotions, phenomenology of urban spaces, and women's studies. The context of the COVID-19 pandemic prevented us from examining the public reception of these street actions, but we were able to discuss the current situation in France in which dance is considered a 'non-essential cultural asset' during the second lockdown, when this research takes place.

6.
Anthropological Journal of European Cultures ; 31(1):106-117, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1875344

ABSTRACT

The beginnings of the interview date back to 2019, the year when we commemorated the 50th anniversary of the publication of Ethnic Groups and Boundaries (Barth 1969). We used this event as a springboard for looking back at the rich professional trajectory of Professor Ulf Hannerz, in which ethnicity and other forms of collective identities play one of the key roles. The interview was started after a lecture by Professor Hannerz, ‘Fifty Years of Diversity Watching’, given at the Department of Ethnology of Charles University in Prague in September 2019, and it was finalised during the COVID-19 pandemic online via e-mailing the questions and answers back and forth between Stockholm and Prague.

7.
CJEM ; 2022 May 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1872832

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Due to the COVID pandemic, restrictions were put in place mandating that all residency interviews be transitioned to a virtual format. Canadian CCFP(EM) programs were among the first to embark on this universal virtual interview process for resident selection. Although there have been several recent publications suggesting best practice guidelines for virtual interviews in trainee selection, pragmatic experiences and opinions from Program Directors (PDs) are lacking. This study aimed to elicit the experiences and perspectives of CCFP(EM) PDs after being amongst the first to conduct universal virtual interviews in Canada. METHODS: A 17-item online survey was created and distributed to all CCFP(EM) PDs (n = 17). It explored the virtual interview format employed, perceived advantages and disadvantages of a virtual configuration, confidence in determining a candidate's rank order, and PD preference for employing a virtual interview format in the future. It also elicited practical advice to conduct a smooth and successful virtual interview day. RESULTS: The survey response rate was 76.5% (13/17). Nine respondents (69.2%) agreed that the virtual interview format enabled them to confidently determine a candidate's rank order. With respect to preference for future use of virtual interviews, 23.1% agreed, 38.5% disagreed and 38.5% neither agreed nor disagreed. Inductive thematic analysis of free text responses revealed themes related to virtual interview advantages (time, financial, and resource costs), disadvantages (difficulty promoting smaller programs, getting a 'feel' for candidates and assessing their interpersonal skills), and practical tips to facilitate virtual interview processes. CONCLUSION: Once restrictions are lifted, cost-saving advantages must be weighed against suggested disadvantages such as showcasing program strengths and assessing interpersonal skills in choosing between traditional and virtual formats. Should virtual interviews become a routine part of resident selection, the advice suggested in this study may be considered to help optimize a successful virtual interview process.


RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: En raison de la pandémie de COVID-19, des restrictions ont été mises en place pour obliger toutes les entrevues de résidence à passer à un format virtuel. Les programmes canadiens CCMF(MU) ont été parmi les premiers à se lancer dans ce processus universel d'entrevue virtuelle pour la sélection des résidents. Bien qu'il y ait eu plusieurs publications récentes suggérant des lignes directrices de pratiques exemplaires pour les entrevues virtuelles dans la sélection des stagiaires, les expériences et les opinions pragmatiques des directeurs de programme (DP) font défaut. Cette étude visait à recueillir les expériences et les points de vue des DP du CCMF(MU) après avoir été parmi les premiers à mener des entrevues virtuelles universelles au Canada. MéTHODES: Une enquête en ligne de 17 questions a été créée et distribuée à tous les DP du CCMF(MU) (n=17). Elle a exploré le format d'entretien virtuel employé, les avantages et inconvénients perçus d'une configuration virtuelle, la confiance dans la détermination de l'ordre de classement d'un candidat, et la préférence des DP pour l'emploi d'un format d'entretien virtuel à l'avenir. Elle a également permis de recueillir des conseils pratiques pour mener à bien une journée d'entretiens virtuels. RéSULTATS: Le taux de réponse à l'enquête a été de 76,5 % (13/17). Neuf répondants (69,2 %) ont convenu que le format d'entretien virtuel leur a permis de déterminer avec confiance l'ordre de classement d'un candidat. En ce qui concerne la préférence pour l'utilisation future des entrevues virtuelles, 23,1 % étaient d'accord, 38,5 % étaient en désaccord et 38,5 % n'étaient ni d'accord ni en désaccord. L'analyse thématique inductive des réponses en texte libre a révélé des thèmes liés aux avantages des entretiens virtuels (coûts en temps, en argent et en ressources), aux inconvénients (difficulté à promouvoir les petits programmes, à se faire une idée des candidats et à évaluer leurs compétences interpersonnelles) et aux conseils pratiques pour faciliter les processus d'entretien virtuel. CONCLUSION: Une fois les restrictions levées, les avantages liés à la réduction des coûts doivent être mis en balance avec les inconvénients suggérés, tels que la mise en valeur des points forts du programme et l'évaluation des compétences interpersonnelles, lors du choix entre les formats traditionnels et virtuels. Si les entretiens virtuels devaient devenir un élément de routine dans la sélection des résidents, les conseils suggérés dans cette étude pourraient être pris en compte pour aider à optimiser un processus d'entretien virtuel réussi.

8.
Sustainability ; 14(10):5745, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871948

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of academic institutions offer their staff the option to work from other places than the conventional office, i.e., telework. Academic teaching and research staff are recognized as some of the most frequent teleworkers, and this seems to affect their well-being, work performance, and recovery in different ways. This study aimed to investigate academics’ experiences and perceptions of telework within the academic context. For this, we interviewed 26 academics from different Swedish universities. Interviews were analyzed with a phenomenographic approach, which showed that telework was perceived as a natural part of academic work and a necessary resource for coping with, and recovering from, high work demands. Telework was mostly self-regulated but the opportunity could be determined by work tasks, professional culture, and management. Telework could facilitate the individual’s work but could contribute to challenges for the workgroup. Formal regulations of telework were considered a threat to academics’ work autonomy and to their possibility to cope with the high work demands. The findings provide insight into academics’ working conditions during teleworking, which may be important for maintaining a sustainable work environment when academic institutions offer telework options.

9.
Education Sciences ; 12(5):349, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871900

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to explore the barriers and facilitators that teachers, principals, and parents face when adapting to COVID-19 pandemic scenario in terms of promoting toddlers’ physical activity (PA). Thirty-four (20 teachers and principals, and 14 parents) semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted from October 2020 to March 2021. The socioecological model has enabled the identification of barriers and facilitators, some of which are related to the pandemic and others which are not. The main results suggest that upon reopening the ECEC institutions, regarding environmental barriers, educators mentioned the impact on the use of space, and parents, the modification of daily activities generated by COVID-19. However, educators also considered that the presence of suitable spaces in the school for practicing PA was a facilitator. At the intra- and interpersonal level, facilitators of PA that were unrelated to the pandemic included, for parents, the predisposition of children to be physically active and their own function as role models, and for educators, the curricular practices themselves. At an environmental level, the risk of danger in the traditional classroom plus bad weather were considered barriers by educators, while parents mentioned difficulties accessing outdoor space and the poor suitability of indoor spaces. Our results suggest the simultaneous analysis of the perceptions of different actors in the educational environments offers a broad vision of the ecological alternatives for offering children opportunities for PA in these difficult times.

10.
JMIR Formative Research ; 6(5), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871737

ABSTRACT

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, to prevent the spread of the virus, federal regulatory barriers around telemedicine were lifted, and health care institutions encouraged patients to use telemedicine, including video appointments. Many patients, however, still chose face-2-face (f2f) appointments for nonemergent clinical care. Objective: We explored patients’ personal and environmental barriers to the use of video appointments from April 2020 to December 2020. Methods: We conducted qualitative telephone interviews of Mayo Clinic patients who attended f2f appointments at the Mayo Clinic from April 2020 to December 2020 but did not utilize Mayo Clinic video appointment services during that time frame. Results: We found that, although most patients were concerned about preventing COVID-19 transmission, they trusted Mayo Clinic to keep them safe when attending f2f appointments. Many expressed that a video appointment made it difficult to establish rapport with their providers. Other common barriers to video appointments were perceived therapeutic benefits of f2f appointments, low digital literacy, and concerns about privacy and security. Conclusions: Our study provides an in-depth investigation into barriers to engaging in video appointments for nonemergent clinical care in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings corroborate many barriers prevalent in the prepandemic literature and suggest that rapport barriers need to be analyzed and problem-solved at a granular level.

11.
JMIR Research Protocols ; 11(5), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871450

ABSTRACT

Background: Tourists are at risk of experiencing health problems during their travel. However, even though tour guides have the potential to become travel health promoters, their participation has not been optimal. Objective: This study aims to develop a comprehensive travel health education model to help tour guides improve health information delivery to tourists. Methods: This is an exploratory sequential mixed methods research. The first phase consisted of a qualitative study with an informed grounded theory design. In-depth interviews were carried out with tour guides from all language divisions and policymakers of the Indonesian Tour Guide Association Bali Branch or Himpunan Pramuwisata Indonesia Daerah Bali (HPI Bali). The interview guidelines were developed based on the theory of planned behavior and identity theory. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically. In the interim phase, a travel health education model and questionnaire were developed based on the qualitative findings. The initial model and its instruments were finetuned after consultation with travel medicine and health promotion experts. Furthermore, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were tested on 30 tour guides. The second phase consisted of a quantitative study with a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 76 tour guides in the intervention group received comprehensive travel health education, while 76 in the control group received no specific intervention. Outcome variables (ie, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, actual behavioral control, role identity, and behavioral intention) were measured at baseline (T0), after the online training (T1), before information sharing via WhatsApp (T2), a month after the start of the WhatsApp intervention (T3), and at the end of the WhatsApp intervention (T4). The mean difference of each outcome variable before and after the intervention will be compared between the intervention and control groups. Thereafter, the quantitative and qualitative findings will be integrated into a joint display. Results: The qualitative phase was conducted through in-depth interviews with 21 informants who included tour guides and policymakers from HPI Bali from May to June 2021. The education model, educational materials, and questionnaire were developed based on the qualitative findings and consultation with experts. The education model consists of online training and information sharing through WhatsApp and was trialed with tour guides from November 2021 to February 2022. As of April 2022, this study is in the quantitative data analysis stage. Conclusions: A travel health education model was developed based on qualitative findings and consultation with experts. The model was tested with tour guides, and a series of self-administered questionnaires were completed. This study is in the quantitative data analysis stage and will continue by integrating qualitative and quantitative findings into a joint display. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04961983;https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT04961983

12.
Journal of Education in Muslim Societies ; 3(2):1-3, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871438

ABSTRACT

In the special article, Professor Abdelaziz Berghout, the Dean of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization of the International Islamic University of Malaysia (IIUM), names AbuSulayman's books and major accomplishments, especially his work during the many years he spent at IIUM on enhancing the integration of Islamic revealed knowledge and human sciences and the Islamization of disciplines. The second article, by Buad Khales, zooms into a case study from Palestine and analyzes the responses of kindergarten students about virtual learning. The books reviewed address pertinent topics to Islamic education, including the curriculum for Islamic studies, the environmental wisdom of the Islamic heritage, educational policy and Muslim identity in conflict areas in the Southern Philippines, and Islamic schools in France and minority integration.

13.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(1):424-434, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871165

ABSTRACT

Background: Invasive medical procedures and their complications of Thalassemia Major still affect the quality of life of all patients and their caregivers. Aim: This study evaluates the experiences of parents of children with Thalassemia Major. Method: The qualitative phenomenological method was used to determine the parents' experiences. The study sample included 14 parents who met the inclusion criteria. Individual interviews, an introductory information form and a semi-structured interview form were used for data collection. The data were analyzed with Colaizzi's sevenstep method. Results: Four themes of the interviews were established: unprecedented psychosocial distress, social support, financial burden and concern about children in the future Parents stated that they experienced shock, sadness, fear, stress, depression, death anxiety, fatigue and burnout. Especially with the COVID-19 epidemic in our country, parents stated that their lives became more difficult and their concerns about their children increased. Conclusions: Healthcare staffs need to understand parents' psychosocial distress and coping strategies to provide support and guidance from the outset of treatment and care. It is recommended that interventions be planned and implemented in a way that maximizes the quality of life of children and families.

14.
JMIR Formative Research ; 6(5), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871156

ABSTRACT

Background: Development of artificial intelligence (AI)–based technologies in health care is proceeding rapidly. The sharing and release of real-world data are key practical issues surrounding the implementation of AI solutions into existing clinical practice. However, data derived from daily patient care are necessary for initial training, and continued data supply is needed for the ongoing training, validation, and improvement of AI-based solutions. Data may need to be shared across multiple institutions and settings for the widespread implementation and high-quality use of these solutions. To date, solutions have not been widely implemented in Germany to meet the challenge of providing a sufficient data volume for the development of AI-based technologies for research and third-party entities. The Protected Artificial Intelligence Innovation Environment for Patient-Oriented Digital Health Solutions (pAItient) project aims to meet this challenge by creating a large data pool that feeds on the donation of data derived from daily patient care. Prior to building this data pool, physician perspectives regarding data donation for AI-based solutions should be studied. Objective: This study explores physician perspectives on providing and using real-world care data for the development of AI-based solutions in health care in Germany. Methods: As a part of the requirements analysis preceding the pAItient project, this qualitative study explored physician perspectives and expectations regarding the use of data derived from daily patient care in AI-based solutions. Semistructured, guide-based, and problem-centered interviews were audiorecorded, deidentified, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed inductively in a thematically structured approach. Results: Interviews (N=8) with a mean duration of 24 (SD 7.8) minutes were conducted with 6 general practitioners and 2 hospital-based physicians. The mean participant age was 54 (SD 14.1;range 30-74) years, with an average experience as a physician of 25 (SD 13.9;range 1-45) years. Self-rated affinity toward modern information technology varied from very high to low (5-point Likert scale: mean 3.75, SD 1.1). All participants reported they would support the development of AI-based solutions in research contexts by donating deidentified data derived from daily patient care if subsequent data use was made transparent to them and their patients and the benefits for patient care were clear. Contributing to care optimization and efficiency were cited as motivation for potential data donation. Concerns regarding workflow integration (time and effort), appropriate deidentification, and the involvement of third-party entities with economic interests were discussed. The donation of data in reference to psychosomatic treatment needs was viewed critically. Conclusions: The interviewed physicians reported they would agree to use real-world care data to support the development of AI-based solutions with a clear benefit for daily patient care. Joint ventures with third-party entities were viewed critically and should focus on care optimization and patient benefits rather than financial interests.

15.
Journal of Medical Internet Research ; 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1870861

ABSTRACT

Background: Increased mobile phone penetration allows the interviewing of respondents using interactive voice response surveys in low- and middle-income countries. However, there has been little investigation of the best type of incentive to obtain data from a representative sample in these countries. Objective: We assessed the effect of different airtime incentives options on cooperation and response rates of an interactive voice response survey in Bangladesh and Uganda. Methods: The open-label randomized controlled trial had three arms: (1) no incentive (control), (2) promised airtime incentive of 50 Bangladeshi Taka (US $0.60;1 BDT is approximately equivalent to US $0.012) or 5000 Ugandan Shilling (US $1.35;1 UGX is approximately equivalent to US $0.00028), and (3) lottery incentive (500 BDT and 100,000 UGX), in which the odds of winning were 1:20. Fully automated random-digit dialing was used to sample eligible participants aged ≥18 years. The risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals for primary outcomes of response and cooperation rates were obtained using log-binomial regression. Results: Between June 14 and July 14, 2017, a total of 546,746 phone calls were made in Bangladesh, with 1165 complete interviews being conducted. Between March 26 and April 22, 2017, a total of 178,572 phone calls were made in Uganda, with 1248 complete interviews being conducted. Cooperation rates were significantly higher for the promised incentive (Bangladesh: 39.3%;RR 1.38, 95% CI 1.24-1.55, P<.001;Uganda: 59.9%;RR 1.47, 95% CI 1.33-1.62, P<.001) and the lottery incentive arms (Bangladesh: 36.6%;RR 1.28, 95% CI 1.15-1.45, P<.001;Uganda: 54.6%;RR 1.34, 95% CI 1.21-1.48, P<.001) than those for the control arm (Bangladesh: 28.4%;Uganda: 40.9%). Similarly, response rates were significantly higher for the promised incentive (Bangladesh: 26.5%%;RR 1.26, 95% CI 1.14-1.39, P<.001;Uganda: 41.2%;RR 1.27, 95% CI 1.16-1.39, P<.001) and lottery incentive arms (Bangladesh: 24.5%%;RR 1.17, 95% CI 1.06-1.29, P=.002;Uganda: 37.9%%;RR 1.17, 95% CI 1.06-1.29, P=.001) than those for the control arm (Bangladesh: 21.0%;Uganda: 32.4%). Conclusions: Promised or lottery airtime incentives improved survey participation and facilitated a large sample within a short period in 2 countries. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03773146;http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03773146

16.
Universidad y Sociedad ; 14(4):533-541, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1870841

ABSTRACT

During the confinement stage by the epidemic of COVID-19 the estrés it was increased in people, that which impacted in an increment of the addictions of all nature. The cellular telephones became the communication road with family and friends, but their excessive use is an addiction source. The present investigation was traced as objective: To determine the existence of the Nomophobia in university students of the University Center of the Municipality Cruces, specifically those that study the career of Degree in primary education. The investigation is descriptive and exploratory, for the diagnosis a survey was used, applied to the sample of 64 students, of them 8 belonging to the masculine sex and 56 to the feminine one. It was determined that the entirety of the students ignores the term Nomophobia, 50.0% occupies its intelligent telephone for two or more hours a day, 45.3% has problems in the view for the excessive use of the same one and other affectations to its health like pains in the neck and migraines. As conclusion you detects that Nomophobia exists in students of the Municipal University Center of Cruces, existing ignorance about this suffering and the risk that more students develop this addiction. © 2022, University of Cienfuegos, Carlos Rafael Rodriguez. All rights reserved.

17.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health ; 19(10):6243, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1870687

ABSTRACT

Background: Binge eating disorder is an autonomous DSM-V diagnosis characterized by discrete rapid consumption of objectively large amounts of food without compensation, associated with loss of control and distress. Environmental factors that contribute to binge eating disorder continue to evolve. This mixed-methods cross-sectional study assessed whether there is consensus among experts in the field about environmental factors that influence adult binge eating disorder pathology. Methods: Fourteen expert binge eating disorder researchers, clinicians, and healthcare administrators were identified internationally based on federal funding, PubMed-indexed publications, active practice in the field, leadership in relevant societies, and/or clinical and popular press distinction. Semi-structured interviews were recorded anonymously and analyzed by ≥2 investigators using reflexive thematic analysis and quantification. Results: Identified themes included: (1) systemic issues and systems of oppression (100%);(2) marginalized and under-represented populations (100%);(3) economic precarity and food/nutrition insecurity/scarcity (93%);(4) stigmatization and its psychological impacts (93%);(5) trauma and adversity (79%);(6) interpersonal factors (64%);(7) social messaging and social media (50%);(8) predatory food industry practices (29%);and (9) research/clinical gaps and directives (100%). Conclusions: Overall, experts call for policy changes around systemic factors that abet binge eating and for greater public education about who can have binge eating disorder. There is also a call to take and account for the narratives and life experiences of individuals with binge eating disorder to better inform our current understanding of the diagnosis and the environmental factors that impact it.

18.
Agronomy ; 12(5):1014, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1870568

ABSTRACT

Andean grains are key elements in the construction of family production systems. These seeds speak of the history of a people, their customs and ancestral knowledge. The general objective of the work was to evaluate the food use, crop management and traditional knowledge about the medicinal use of ancestral Andean grains among the inhabitants of the districts of Quinua and Acos Vinchos (Ayacucho-Peru). Basic descriptive research, carried out by means of convenience sampling, the sample size determined by the Law of Diminishing Returns, after signing an informed consent form. Semi-structured individual interviews were applied to 96 informants. A total of 96.9% of the informants reported that they obtained quinoa grain from their own crops, and 24.0% obtained achita grain that they sowed directly on their land;no cañihua was cultivated. A total of 58.3% use quinoa and achita in their diet. The variability of the food use of ancestral grains, specifically quinoa and achita, constitute a natural source of vegetable protein of high nutritional value, which represents one of the main foods of the inhabitants of Quinua and Acos Vinchos. Traditional medicine derived from the ancestral knowledge of Andean grains is barely preserved, but this is not the case for other medicinal plants in the area, as this knowledge is still preserved.

19.
Information and Learning Sciences ; : 26, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1868476

ABSTRACT

Purpose - This study aimed to understand adolescents experiences, negative feelings and coping mechanisms associated with the major disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to develop a baseline for understanding adolescents and their environment to assist future developments of technological and other solutions to mitigate adolescents' loneliness, improve their wellbeing and strengthen their resilience. Design/methodology/approach - The data about adolescents' experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic was collected through virtual interviews conducted via Zoom. A total of 39 adolescents (aged 12 through 18 years) primarily from the North East of the USA participated in the study. The transcripts of the interviews were analyzed using thematic analysis. Findings -This study found evidence of negative disruptions to adolescents' social, learning and emotional routines. This study also found that in dealing with the effects of COVID-19 disruption, most of the participants exhibited five key attributes of individual resilience, including social competence, problem-solving, critical consciousness, autonomy and a sense of purpose. External factors supporting resilience were also mentioned, including technology resources, family, school and broader community. Originality/value - This study relied on fast-hand adolescents' reports of their experiences, feelings and coping strategies during the pandemic. This study applied a resilience framework to interpret the findings and translate them into recommendations for further development of support systems for adolescents.

20.
eClinicalMedicine ; : 101433, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1867081

ABSTRACT

Summary Background The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has brought racial and ethnic inequity into sharp focus, as Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic people were reported to have greater clinical vulnerability. During the pandemic, priority was given to ongoing, reconfigured maternity and children's healthcare. This study aimed to understand the intersection between race and ethnicity, and healthcare provision amongst maternity and children's healthcare professionals, during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods A qualitative study consisting of semi-structured interviews (N = 53) was undertaken with maternity (n = 29;August-November 2020) and children's (n = 24;June-July 2021) healthcare professionals from an NHS Trust in ethnically-diverse South London, UK. Data pertinent to ethnicity and race were subject to Grounded Theory Analysis, whereby data was subjected to iterative coding and interpretive analysis. Using this methodology, data are compared between transcripts to generate lower and higher order codes, before super-categories are formed, which are finally worked into themes. The inter-relationship between these themes is interpreted as a final theory. Findings Grounded Theory Analysis led to the theory: An ‘Imperfect Mosaic’, comprising four themes: (1) ‘A System Set in Plaster’;(2) ‘The Marginalised Majority’;(3) ‘Self-Discharging Responsibility for Change-Making’;and (4) ‘Slow Progress, Not No Progress’. The NHS was observed to be brittle, lacking plasticity to deliver change at pace. Overt racism based on skin colour has been replaced by micro-aggressions between in-groups and out-groups, defined not just by ethnicity, but by other social determinants. Contemporaneously, responsibility for health, wellbeing, and psychological safety in the workplace is discharged to, and accepted by, the individual. Interpretation Our findings suggest three practicable solutions: (1) Representation of marginalised groups at all NHS levels;(2) Engagement in cultural humility which extends to other social factors;and (3) Collective action at system and individual levels, including prioritising equity over simplistic notions of equality. Funding This service evaluation was supported by the King's College London King's Together Rapid COVID-19 Call, successfully awarded to Laura A. Magee, Sergio A. Silverio, Abigail Easter, & colleagues (reference:- 204823/Z/16/Z), as part of a rapid response call for research proposals. The King's Together Fund is a Wellcome Trust funded initiative.

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