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1.
Cureus ; 14(9): e29138, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2072193

ABSTRACT

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus caused coronavirus infection termed as COVID-19, an illness that has spread devastation all over the world. It was developed first in China and had swiftly spread throughout the world. COVID has created imposed burden on health in the lives of all individuals around the globe. This article provides a number of unprecedented detection technologies used in the detection of infection. COVID has created a large number of symptoms in the young, adolescent as well as elderly population. Old age people are susceptible to fatal serious symptoms because of low immunity. With these goals in mind, this article includes substantial condemning descriptions of the majority of initiatives in order to create diagnostic tools for easy diagnosis. It also provides the reader with a multidisciplinary viewpoint on how traditional approaches such as serology and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) along with the frontline techniques such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas and artificial intelligence/machine learning have been utilized to gather information. The story will inspire creative new ways for successful detection therapy and to prevent this pandemic among a wide audience of operating and aspiring biomedical scientists and engineers.

2.
Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research ; 37(3):381-397, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2067643

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the contagion corona virus disease has engrossed worldwide attention. The nature of the disease and its spread has put excessive burden on service providers leading to burn out. In the face of health threats and work pressure during pandemic, the current study aimed to investigate the impact of COVID-19 stress on Burnout among health care providers. Following a convenient sampling technique, a sample of 153 healthcare providers with an age ranged from 24 to 60 years were assessed with COVID Stress Scale (Taylor, et al., 2020) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI;Maslach et al., 1997). SPSS 21 was used for statistical analysis of data. Findings revealed that Sub-Scales of COVID stress collectively explained 48% of variance in predicting emotional exhaustion and 39% variance in producing depersonalization among healthcare providers. However, COVID stress negatively predicted personal accomplishment among healthcare providers. Moreover, t-test revealed that female healthcare providers showed higher level of COVID stress i.e. danger, socio-economic consequence, xenophobia and compulsive checking as compared to males while non-significant gender differences were observed for contamination and traumatic stress. The study also found a higher level of personal accomplishment among male healthcare providers whereas female healthcare providers demonstrated higher level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization in comparison to male health care providers.

3.
Water ; 14(19):3100, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066637

ABSTRACT

While Rwanda is aiming at environmental pollution resilience and green growth, some industries are still discharging untreated effluent into the environment. This study gives a general overview of the compliance level of industrial effluent discharge in Rwanda and the linked negative environmental impacts. It comprises qualitative and quantitative analyses of data obtained from wastewater samples collected from five selected industries in Rwanda. The selected industries had previously been audited and monitored by the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA), due to complains from neighboring residents. The study found that the effluent discharge from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) for all concerned industries failed to comply with (i) oil and grease (O&G) national and international tolerable parameter limits or the (ii) fecal coliforms national standard. In addition, a compliance level of 66.7% was observed for key water quality monitoring parameters (pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), and heavy metals (i.e., lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), and chromium (Cr)). Following these study findings, one industry was closed by the REMA for deliberately discharging untreated effluent into an adjacent river. This study recommends the adoption of the best available technology for effluent treatment, installation or renovation of existing WWTPs, and the relocation to industrial zones of industries adjacent to fragile environments.

4.
Mathematics ; 10(19):3606, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066231

ABSTRACT

The Internet of Things is widely used, which results in the collection of enormous amounts of data with numerous redundant, irrelevant, and noisy features. In addition, many of these features need to be managed. Consequently, developing an effective feature selection (FS) strategy becomes a difficult goal. Many FS techniques, based on bioinspired metaheuristic methods, have been developed to tackle this problem. However, these methods still suffer from limitations;so, in this paper, we developed an alternative FS technique, based on integrating operators of the chameleon swarm algorithm (Cham) with the quantum-based optimization (QBO) technique. With the use of eighteen datasets from various real-world applications, we proposed that QCham is investigated and compared to well-known FS methods. The comparisons demonstrate the benefits of including a QBO operator in the Cham because the proposed QCham can efficiently and accurately detect the most crucial features. Whereas the QCham achieves nearly 92.6%, with CPU time(s) nearly 1.7 overall the tested datasets. This indicates the advantages of QCham among comparative algorithms and high efficiency of integrating the QBO with the operators of Cham algorithm that used to enhance the process of balancing between exploration and exploitation.

5.
SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ; : 19-27, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2048187

ABSTRACT

In this chapter, simulations of real data have been conducted using the SIR model. The chapter also investigates the effect of lockdown for the four prominently Covid-19 hit areas of India. Afterwards, the estimated fraction of the population that will get infected is determined. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

6.
Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology ; 126:223, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045277
7.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics ; 22(18):12207-12220, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040264

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 lockdown, the dramatic reduction of anthropogenic emissions provided a unique opportunity to investigate the effects of reduced anthropogenic activity and primary emissions on atmospheric chemical processes and the consequent formation of secondary pollutants. Here, we utilize comprehensive observations to examine the response of atmospheric new particle formation (NPF) to the changes in the atmospheric chemical cocktail. We find that the main clustering process was unaffected by the drastically reduced traffic emissions, and the formation rate of 1.5 nm particles remained unaltered. However, particle survival probability was enhanced due to an increased particle growth rate (GR) during the lockdown period, explaining the enhanced NPF activity in earlier studies. For GR at 1.5–3 nm, sulfuric acid (SA) was the main contributor at high temperatures, whilst there were unaccounted contributing vapors at low temperatures. For GR at 3–7 and 7–15 nm, oxygenated organic molecules (OOMs) played a major role. Surprisingly, OOM composition and volatility were insensitive to the large change of atmospheric NOx concentration;instead the associated high particle growth rates and high OOM concentration during the lockdown period were mostly caused by the enhanced atmospheric oxidative capacity. Overall, our findings suggest a limited role of traffic emissions in NPF.

8.
Natsional'nyi Hirnychyi Universytet. Naukovyi Visnyk ; - (4):91-95, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026599

ABSTRACT

Мета. Дати рекомендацп по вдосконаленню нормативно-правових актш щодо регулювання вщповщних правовщносин у сферi кримшалтци дшнь, пов'язаних İ3 порушенням законодавства про охорону пращ. Методика. Дослщження проблемних питань притягнення до вщповщальноста за порушення вимог законодавства про охорону пращ здшснювалося через вивчення та аналш: законодавчо! бази Украши;робта науковщв у вщповщних галузях;аналшу судово! практики (на прикладi аналiзу судово! практики за справами, розглянутими судами загально! юрисдикци Днiпропетровськоī областi та Верховним Судом за останш 3 роки) з питань притягнення осШ до кримшально! вiдповiдальностi за ч.ч. 1, 2 ст. 271 Кримшального кодексу Укра!ни «Порушення шення вимог законодавства про охорону пращ». Результата. Виявлеш окремi проблеми, що виникають при формуваннi кримiнально-правовоī практики притягнення до вщповщальноста осiб, обвинувачених у скоeннi кримiнальних правопорушень, пов'язаних и порушенням законодавства про працю, що призвело до спричинення шкоди здоров'ю працiвника або його загибелi, у тому чи

9.
Energies ; 15(16):6021, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023308

ABSTRACT

A membrane-based enthalpy exchanger is a device used for heat and humidity recovery in ventilated buildings. The energy-saving potential of such a device is dependent on the parameters responsible for heat and moisture recovery. The trend is toward composite membranes, which are custom produced, and their parameters can be adjusted for a given application;therefore, the diffusion and sorption characteristics of such membranes are unknown. In order to obtain the values of the water vapor diffusivity of three investigated handmade membranes, a serial resistance model using a Field and Laboratory Emission Cell (FLEC) is proposed. Experiments were conducted to identify the resistance in each step of the moisture transfer process to extract the moisture diffusivity in the membranes. The calculated moisture diffusivities in the membranes were 8.99 × 10−12 (m2/s) for the membranes from cellulose acetate, 1.9 × 10−10 (m2/s) for the microporous PE/PUR membranes, and 1.53 × 10−11 (m2/s) for the PET/PUR microfibrous membranes. The obtained membrane diffusivities were then used in the proposed effectiveness-NTU-based model of an exchanger with a cross-flow arrangement to predict performance under various operating conditions. The results show that the highest latent effectiveness was found for the exchanger core made from the PE/PUR membrane and the lowest was for the one with the PE/PUR membrane core.

10.
Education Sciences ; 12(8):551, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023289

ABSTRACT

Every year, students around the globe embark upon their higher education journey, making the onboarding of these students a critical task for colleges and universities. Combined with the growth in distance learning and the rapid development in technologies, the onboarding process occurs increasingly in the digital setting. For this reason, the objective of this scoping review was to report and map interventions, which are used in digital onboarding of first-year students in higher education institutions and explore the digital settings that characterized these interventions. The PRISMA-ScR Guidelines and the JBI Manual for Evidence Synthesis guided this investigation, which included researching four databases and screening the resulting titles and s to identify the 17 sources of evidence included in the final analysis. According to our results, digital and virtual onboarding interventions were categorized into four onboarding dimensions: information interventions, socialization interventions, counseling interventions, and self-study interventions. Examples of the purposes and outcomes of these onboarding interventions included the transfer of information and the socialization of incoming students. Of the five onboarding settings that were also identified in the categorization, telecommunication software and virtual environments predominated. An independently developed onboarding tool could combine the identified onboarding settings and dimensions in the future.

11.
Education Sciences ; 12(8):529, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023287

ABSTRACT

Many programs have made the submission of GRE scores optional. Little research examines differences in propensity to submit scores according to applicants’ characteristics, however, including the type of undergraduate institution they attended. This study’s purpose was to examine the degree to which the type of undergraduate institution applicants attended predicted score submission to GRE-optional programs, including when controlling for covariates (demographics, program degree and discipline, undergraduate grades). We used data provided by a doctoral degree–granting university to answer our research question. We indexed differences in GRE score submission using odds ratios. Both individually (1.93) and after controlling for covariates (2.00), we found that applicants from small, bachelor’s degree–granting schools were more likely to submit scores than applicants from large, doctoral degree–granting schools. Men were more likely to submit scores than women (1.55). Larger effects were observed for program characteristics: Ph.D. versus master’s (2.94), humanities versus social sciences (3.23), and fine arts versus social sciences (0.16). Our findings suggest that there may be differences in propensity to submit GRE scores to test-optional programs and that some of these differences may be associated with variables (undergraduate school, program type) that have not been widely discussed in the literature.

12.
Chemosensors ; 10(8):299, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023203

ABSTRACT

The rapid and selective detection of bacterial contaminations and bacterial infections in a non-laboratory setting using advanced sensing materials holds the promise to enable robust point-of-care tests and rapid diagnostics for applications in the medical field as well as food safety. Among the various possible analytes, bacterial enzymes have been targeted successfully in various sensing formats. In this current work, we focus on the systematic investigation of the role of surface area on the sensitivity in micro- and nanostructured autonomously reporting sensing hydrogel materials for the detection of bacterial enzymes. The colorimetric sensing materials for the detection of β-glucuronidase (ß-GUS) from Escherichia coli (E. coli) were fabricated by template replication of crosslinked pullulan acetoacetate (PUAA) and by electrospinning chitosan/polyethylene oxide nanofibers (CS/PEO NFs), both equipped with the chromogenic substrate 5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indolyl-β-D-glucuronide. The investigation of the dependence of the initial reaction rates on surface area unveiled a linear relationship of rate and thereby time to observe a signal for a given concentration of bacterial enzyme. This knowledge was exploited in nanoscale sensing materials made of CS/PEO NFs with diameters of 295 ± 100 nm. Compared to bulk hydrogel slabs, the rate of hydrolysis was significantly enhanced in NFs when exposed to bacteria suspension cultures and thus ensuring a rapid detection of living E. coli that produces the enzyme β-GUS. The findings afford generalized design principles for the improvement of known and novel sensing materials towards rapid detection of bacteria by nanostructuring in medical and food related settings.

13.
Applied Sciences ; 12(16):8025, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023094

ABSTRACT

Knowing particle penetration efficiencies and concentration distributions in an inlet channel of a sampling device is beneficial for the robust assessment, attribution and quantification of nanoparticles produced by various activities. The aim of this research is to evaluate the effect of the presence or absence of a conical column inside a hollow tapered cylinder on the nanoparticle penetration efficiency and its outlet concentration profile for different flow rates. The particle penetration characteristics of various sizes from 3 nm to 20 nm were numerically investigated by using the flow field and convection diffusion equations within the hollow tapered cylinder. Firstly, the proposed model of the nanoparticle penetration efficiency for the hollow tapered cylinder with the conical column is validated with the experimental data in the literature. Then, the results indicate that the concentration at the outlet of the hollow tapered cylinder with the conical column exhibits annular profiles for 3 nm and 5 nm nanoparticles at a flow rate of 2.0 L/min, which is found to avoid centralizing the particles in the exit area. In addition, the penetration efficiency of nanoparticles can be improved by increasing flow rates or removing the conical column inside the hollow tapered cylinder. Finally, the ring-shaped concentration profile of the 10 nm nanoparticles at the outlet of the hollow conical cylinder with the conical column becomes more obvious as the flow rate decreases. This study interprets and quantitatively decides the nanoparticle penetration efficiency and its exit concentration profile for the hollow tapered cylinder with or without the conical column. Therefore, the results can provide some useful design references for the transport of nanoparticles in the hollow tapered cylinder.

14.
Archives of Disease in Childhood ; 107(Suppl 2):A80-A81, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2019840

ABSTRACT

971 Table 1ConclusionBarriers to treatment persist, with new covid related issues. Of note we saw a significant fall in patients seen by dentists. Carers report difficulty accessing NHS dentistry. Locally a pilot dental referral service for LAC has been initiated. Patients can be referred by their SW or the named doctor. Interestingly, access to opticians did not appear to be influenced by covid.We found a fall in availability of interpreters face-to-face as well as in general. This appeared secondary to covid concerns and infections.Direct (within Trust) TB referrals fell although this appeared due to local factors. 100% patients were referred via GP or directly.We found good practice regarding mental health screening & catch-up immunisations. It is notable that in 2021 one UASC refused immunisations. Our IHA doctors report increasing frequency of reluctance regarding immunisations. It is possible this is secondary to covid vaccination misinformation on social media.Routine blood and haemoglobinopathy screening markedly improved, however communication of results was consistently lower than expected. We noted in 2019 that results not communicated appeared to where bloods weren’t sent on the day and recommended all bloods be sent on day of assessment. However due to covid-19 the phlebotomy service is no longer walk-in, affecting our ability to achieve this.There are insufficient CAMHS resources to see all UASC despite high incidences of PTSD and anxiety. A joint or contemporaneous assessment with mental or emotional health professionals might be a solution. The London Asylum seekers consortium is running a health and welfare check pilot project. It will be interesting to see its impact as the focus is more emotional than the IHA.

15.
Service Business ; 16(3):529-556, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2014433

ABSTRACT

In response to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Taiwanese tourism and hospitality industry, the Taiwanese government launched an industry revival and revitalization project. Subsidies were given for cultivating talent and industry transformation. The industry implemented talent cultivation courses to improve the skills and knowledge of workers and facilitate financial subsidization. This study reviewed the talent cultivation subsidy and training results for employees participating in training programs within Taiwan’s lodging industry. The results showed that the government promoted large-scale industry transformation and talent cultivation, and industry employees who received the training responded to it positively.

16.
Advances in Technology Innovation ; 7(4):295-302, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2012858

ABSTRACT

Limited studies have been conducted on low-aluminum and rich-iron-calcium fly ash (LARICFA)-based geopolymer concrete with increased strength. This study aims to investigate the mechanical characteristics of LARICFA-based geopolymer concrete, including its compressive strength, split tensile strength, and ultimate moment. The steps of this study include material preparation and testing, concrete mix design and casting, specimen curing and testing, and the analysis of testing results. Furthermore, the specimen tests consist of the bending, compressive, and split tensile strength tests. The results show that the average compressive strength and the ultimate moment of the geopolymer concrete are 38.20 MPa and 22.90 kN·m, respectively, while the average ratio between the split tensile and compressive strengths is around 0.09. Therefore, the fly ash-based geopolymer concrete can be used in structural components.

17.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(9):1239-1241, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2011259

ABSTRACT

(p. 1326) creatively use body-worn camera footage- a previously unused data source-to support the following findings of previous research: (1) police can administer naloxone during an overdose, (2) combativeness toward first responders by overdose survivors is rare, (3) drug exposure is nota risk to police officers, and (4) arrests do occur at the scene of overdose emergencies as the result of police presence.1,2 Although we recognize this article's contribution to the growing literature on law enforcement involvement in overdose response, we would caution policymakers about using the findings of this study to bolster (or worse, solely rely on) the role of police in overdose response. White et al. document that arrest- of both overdose victims and other bystanders-does indeed occur. [...]their conclusion that concerns about police-administered naloxone are "overstated" is dismissive of the most problematic and disruptive concern examined in the study. The disproportionate risk of violence at the hands of police is a powerful deterrent to inviting law enforcement interaction (specifically by calling 911)-one that cannot be resolved by the limited protections provided by most 911 Good Samaritan laws.10 Furthermore, druginduced homicide investigations not only directly undermine the protective mechanisms of 911 Good Samaritan laws5 but are also disproportionately used against non-White persons-and almost exclusively in response to the preventable overdose deaths of White persons.11 Disproportionate policing, police violence, and incarceration of Black and Indigenous persons affect these groups' access to overdose prevention interventions, broadly, and to naloxone, specifically, especially in cases when the nearest available naloxone rests in the hands of police. Black and Indigenous people have the highest fatal overdose rates and are least served by resource allocations that further support police involvement in overdose response. [...]methodologically sound and Black and Indigenous PWUD-informed research indicates otherwise, policymakers and resource allocation decision-makers should consider any life-saving gains via police-involved overdose response to be disproportionately unavailable and inaccessible to Black and Indigenous people.

18.
Cadernos EBAPE.BR ; 20(3):401-416, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002366

ABSTRACT

O fenómeno de assistir lives musicais popularizou-se durante a pandemia do COVID-19, enquanto urn ato de lazer dentro de casa. Durante trés meses elas pertenceram á rotina de brasileiros e estrangeiros, para ent&acaron;o perder audiencia de forma exponencial. Essa trajetória é o objeto de pesquisa desse trabalho, estudada sob o prisma da teoria da prática, o qual buscou entender os elementos formadores dessa prática de consumo, sua sincronía com outras práticas do cotidiano, bem como fenómenos externos que atuam na consolidaçâo (ou n&acaron;o) de urna prática. Para tal, foram coletadas entrevistas em profundidade com 24 praticantes, sendo os resultados analisados por meio de urna análise temática. Os achados dao pistas sobre os motivos pelos quais a prática decaiu, com destaque para a sobreposiçâo de práticas pertencentes á rotina criada no isolamento social pelos praticantes, e reduçâo da originalidade (entendimento) inicial de Uves mais intimistas, que se perdem em meio á busca por inovaçöes na prática. Possíveis desdobramentos sobre o futuro das Uves pós pandemia, contribuiçöes teóricas e gerenciais também sao discutidos.Alternate :El fenómeno de ver lives musicales se hizo popular durante la pandemia de COVID-19, como un acto de ocio en casa. Durante tres meses pertenecieron a la rutina de brasileños y extranjeros, y luego perdieron su audiencia de manera exponencial. Esta trayectoria es el objeto de investigación de este trabajo, estudiada bajo el prisma de la teoría de la práctica, que buscó comprender los elementos que forman esta práctica de consumo, su sincronía con otras prácticas cotidianas, así como los fenómenos externos que actúan en la consolidación (o no) de una práctica. Para ello, se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 24 practicantes, y los resultados se analizaron mediante un análisis temático. Los hallazgos dan pistas sobre las razones por las que la práctica declinó, con énfasis en la superposición de prácticas pertenecientes a la rutina creada en el aislamiento social por los practicantes, y la reducción de la originalidad (opinión) inicial de Uves más intimistas, que se pierden en medio de la búsqueda de innovaciones en la práctica. También se discuten los posibles desarrollos sobre el futuro de las Uves pospandemia y las contribuciones teóricas y gerenciales.Alternate :The phenomenon of watching live online music events became popular during the COVID-19 pandemic as a leisure activity practiced at home while social distancing. For 3 months, they were part of the routine of Brazilians and foreigners, before exponentially losing their audience. This trajectory is the object of research for this paper, studied under the prism of practice theory to understand the elements that form this consumption practice, its synchrony with other everyday practices, and external phenomena that act in the consolidation (or not) of a practice. In-depth interviews were conducted with 24 practitioners, and the results were analyzed through a thematic analysis. The findings provide clues as to why the practice declined, emphasizing the overlapping of practices belonging to the routine created during social distancing and the reduction of the initial originality (understanding) of more intimate lives that get lost in the search for innovations in practice. Possible developments in the future of post-pandemic live events and theoretical and managerial contributions are also discussed.

19.
Security and Communication Networks ; 2022, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2001947

ABSTRACT

This work aims to optimize and innovate the protection, inheritance, and dissemination of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH). Based on the Internet of Things (IoT), this work designs the music ICH development path under the cultural concept by integrating music ICH with the tourism industry in the smart city environment. Specifically, it innovatively proposes the integration mechanism of immersive scene design of music ICH with smart city’s tourism industry in the Internet of Things (IoT) context. Consequently, the music ICH brand equity evaluation model is built. This model can evaluate the importance of cultural and asset value of music ICH. The comprehensive evaluation index system of music ICH mainly includes four primary indexes (with eight secondary indexes): the live performance, historical value, music audience, and the tourism industry integration. In addition, at the beginning of the model iteration, the pattern recognition accuracy of the traditional model is only 67.5%. Then, the recognition accuracy of the traditional model can reach 72.5% at the 500th iteration. In contrast, the average recognition accuracy of the improved model can reach 80%, and the highest can reach 82.5%. This work can provide technical support and guarantee for formulating and optimizing music ICH protection strategies.

20.
Public Health Rep ; : 333549221113866, 2022 Aug 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2002024

ABSTRACT

Few reports have described how university programs have controlled COVID-19 outbreaks. Emory University established a case investigation and contact tracing program in June 2020 to identify and mitigate transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the Emory community. In February 2021, this program identified a surge in COVID-19 cases. In this case study, we present details of outbreak investigation, construction of transmission networks to assess clustering and identify groups for targeted testing, and program quality metrics demonstrating the efficiency of case investigation and contact tracing, which helped bring the surge under control. During February 10-March 5, 2021, Emory University identified 265 COVID-19 cases confirmed by nucleic acid testing in saliva or nasopharyngeal samples. Most students with COVID-19 were undergraduates (95%) and were affiliated with Greek life organizations (70%); 41% lived on campus. Network analysis identified 1 epidemiologically linked cluster of 198 people. Nearly all students diagnosed with COVID-19 (96%) were interviewed the same day as their positive test result. Of 340 close contacts, 90% were traced and 89% were tested. The median time from contact interview to first test was 2 days (interquartile range, 0-6 days); 43% received a positive test result during their quarantine. The surge was considered under control within 17 days, after which new cases were no longer epidemiologically linked. Early detection through systematic testing protocols and rapid and near-complete contact tracing, paired with isolation and quarantine measures, helped to contain the surge. Our approach emphasizes the importance of early preparation of adequate outbreak response infrastructure and staff to implement interventions appropriately and consistently during a pandemic.

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