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1.
Regional Studies ; JOUR: 1-16,
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2106786

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic has coincided with increased residential property investment outside the Amsterdam urban core and the ongoing departure of residents into its surrounding, more affordable metropolitan area. Underlying these developments, we have found increased regulatory efforts scattered across diverse public administration scales to improve housing delivery and access throughout the metropolitan region. Within these increasingly complex landscapes, we argue there is an urgent need to develop coordinated regional governance mechanisms to respond to fragmented regulatory efforts and dynamic residential investment landscapes to ensure long-term affordability and accessibility to housing across the region. We introduce an approach to affordability that centres on regional governance, moving away from popularized urban-centric interventions to affordable housing delivery and investment.

2.
Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; JOUR: 122171,
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2106038

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak has hit enterprises all around the world, affecting virtually every business area and industry. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how COVID-19 has affected the performance of listed companies in the Saudi market. The study uses financial data from 2009 to 2019 to examine the performance of the listed Saudi firms. The study gathers data from the years 2009 to 2019 to investigate the performance of the firms before the pandemic. The result of the study indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic had a detrimental effect on the enterprises' performance. The analysis indicates that the COVID-19 pandemic significantly harmed the enterprises' performance by reducing both their total investment and their overall income, respectively. The findings of the study remain unique and new with respect to the outbreak and performance of the firm.

3.
Management Research Review ; JOUR
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2097577

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aims to investigate the impact of risk-taking and auditor characteristics on value creation in companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange. In addition, it investigates the moderator role of auditor characteristics in the impact of risk-taking on value creation, especially in pre-Covid 19 and post-Covid 19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach The information about 199 company in 2014-2021 was examined. In the present study, in accordance with the related theoretical literature and the importance of auditor specialization, auditor tenure and auditor reputation, these factors were considered as the auditor characteristics. Findings The present findings based on the generalized least squares (GLS) method showed that risk-taking positively affects the value creation. The auditor characteristics (auditor specialization, auditor tenure and auditor reputation) have a significant positive effect on the value creation. Furthermore, the auditor characteristics enhance the impact of risk-taking on value creation. The results of generalized method of moments method and robust regression analysis are consistent with the GLS results. To take into account the Covid-19 conditions, the data were divided into pre-Covid-19 and post-Covid-19 years. The results showed that auditor characteristics moderate the impact of risk-taking on value creation in pre-Covid 19 and post-Covid 19. Originality/value The study highlights the role of auditor characteristics in the value creation, especially in the emerging market. Given that Covid-19 has seriously damaged global economic well-being and has put companies at a double risk, the present findings can be useful for managers, investors and the international community, and help company managers make risk-taking policies and select auditors with appropriate characteristics.

4.
Embase; 23.
Preprint in English | EMBASE | ID: ppcovidwho-346595

ABSTRACT

The first step in SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance is testing to identify infected people. However, global testing rates are falling as we emerge from the acute health emergency and remain low in many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (mean = 27 tests/100,000 people/day). We simulated COVID-19 epidemics in a prototypical LMIC to investigate how testing rates, sampling strategies, and sequencing proportions jointly impact surveillance outcomes and showed that low testing rates and spatiotemporal biases delay time-to-detection of new variants by weeks-to-months and can lead to unreliable estimates of variant prevalence even when the proportion of samples sequenced is increased. Accordingly, investments in wider access to diagnostics to support testing rates of ~100 tests/100,000 people/day could enable more timely detection of new variants and reliable estimates of variant prevalence. The performance of global SARS-CoV-2 genomic surveillance programs is fundamentally limited by access to diagnostic testing. Copyright The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted medRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.

5.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346177

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the long-run relationship between the de jure economic, political, and social globalization and foreign direct investments in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to establish whether policies that foster trade and investment relations among geographical entities can help revive the GCC countries from the prevailing economic debacles of the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is driven by the GCC’s quest to fully overcome the economic challenges occasioned by the outbreak of the global pandemic and position itself as the most potent regional economic bloc in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The study employs the panel data of the six GCC countries of Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and Saudi Arabia from 1971 to 2017. The findings of the panel fully modified ordinary least square regression estimation show that the de jure economic and social globalization have a significant positive impact on the region’s foreign direct investment inflows. The impact of the de jure political globalization on foreign direct investment is statistically significant but negatively signed. Based on the preceding findings, we offer some holistic policy recommendations to the GCC region as recipes for timely recovery from the economic impact of COVID-19 and beyond.

6.
SSRN;
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-346171

ABSTRACT

China’s rising influence in parts of the developing world has raised concerns among the US and its allies. In the wake of the COVID-19 outbreak, the provision of vaccines and aid to countries in the Global South have further heightened anxieties over the potential for diffusion of China’s ideals. China’s investments are thought to promote the diffusion of its perspectives of rule of law and democracy, posing a challenge to the global dominance of Western liberal democratic values. Nonetheless, few studies have examined how the diffusion of China’s ideals may occur through its investments and infrastructure projects in young democracies such as Malaysia whose governance and legal system significantly outperform China’s according to various global indexes. This article investigates the increasing engagement with China and the reasons for this trend against the backdrop of Malaysia’s legal and political institutions inherited from the West. It considers how young democracies like Malaysia are vulnerable to China’s influence, intentional or unintentional, through investment. The analysis sheds light on the mechanisms that give rise to such vulnerability, exploring how the electoral system and rule of law may facilitate and amplify the impact of Chinese investment, with broader implications for democracy. Shared tacit understandings, such as the instrumentality of law and the nexus between state and business, which facilitate cross-country cooperation are also examined.

7.
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Materials ; 31(1):748-754, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070798

ABSTRACT

Risk management is important for project success as risks in petroleum projects must be minimized to achieve the goals of production. Risk management composes of planning, identification, analysis, and response, which is an important phase. Controlling risks gains the projects the capability to overcome the uncertainty and thus effectively produce the targeted quantities. In this study, four types of risks have been examined in the oil field, and the Iraqi oil exploration company has been taken as a case study. These four types of risks are operational, financial and administrative, economic and political, and potential risks. The effect of these types has been examined by using a closed-type questionnaire form. The questionnaire form was based on the Likert quintet scale, and it contains 114 risk factors distributed in four groups representing the examined four types of risks. Over 170 questionnaire forms have been distributed in the oil field to engineers, managers, experts, and technicians, and 153 forms have been adopted for the analysis. SPSS software was used to execute the statistical analysis concerning statistical mean and relative important index. The most important factors have been found and then validated by using an assessment checklist. It was found that the most factors affecting operational risks are as follows: the presence of mines and explosives left over from past wars in areas to be explored and the incorrect storage of flammable materials. Regarding the financial and administrative risks, it was found that the existence of financial and administrative corruption in oil companies and the mismanagement by managers or their assistants have the most effect on this type of risk. For the economic and political risks, it was found that the most important factors are the entry of some companies into the blacklist of major economic countries and decreased global market demand for oil. Finally, regarding the potential risks, it was found that the control of terrorist groups over the oil areas and regions is the most significant risk that the Iraqi oil and gas sector may face. In addition, it was concluded that the spread of Coronavirus disease 2019 and other epidemics should be treated as a potential risk because it has a huge effect on global oil prices.

8.
Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070234

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of the study is to adopt Morlet's wavelet method to examine the differences in the level of volatility (i.e. riskiness) between the conventional and Shari'ah indexes during the COVID-19 pandemic (February 4 to June 19, 2020) on selected Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) and Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. As a comparison, the equivalent time period of relative tranquillity is used;February 4 to June 19, 2019. Design/methodology/approach Morlet's wavelet method is used in analyzing the volatility levels for both the conventional and Shari'ah indexes before and during the COVID-19 pandemic for the selected ASEAN and GCC countries. Findings This study has several findings;first, the markets in the ASEAN region appear to be more volatile during the pandemic than in the GCC region. Second, most of the Shari'ah indexes were more volatile during the COVID-19 pandemic than their conventional counterparts. Nevertheless, the GCC index pairs appear to show more similarities between both the Shari'ah and conventional index. Practical implications The findings from this study indicate that investors, government, regulators and all other stakeholders should stay vigilant during a pandemic or health threat period as it has become a pertinent source of volatility spillovers. As such, investors should devise optimal asset allocation strategies, portfolio diversification and portfolio rebalancing measures, taking into consideration not only financial adversity but also public health gravity as a potential source of turbulent markets. Originality/value This study uses the wavelet method to examine the volatility level of both the Shari'ah and conventional indexes during the COVID-19 pandemic and its equivalent time frame in 2019. It has further added to the Islamic literature by comparing the volatility between selected ASEAN and GCC countries. The wavelet method is most appropriate for short-duration studies as it captures both the time and frequency domains of the time-series behavior.

9.
International Journal of Emerging Markets ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070214

ABSTRACT

Purpose This study aims to investigate the nonfinancial information related to capitals (intellectual, human, social and relationship, and natural) demanded by professional investors in their decision-making process, which can improve the usefulness of integrated reporting for this target audience. Design/methodology/approach A Systematic Literature Review in the Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases enabled the identification of information demanded by professional investors. This information was presented to experienced Brazilian investors participating in a focus group to align the theory on this topic with professional practice. Findings The results allow us to conclude that the focus group participants' perception is aligned with the international literature, both in the importance given to most of the nonfinancial information items identified and in the lack of interest in using integrated reporting in investment decisions. Nonetheless, the general perception of the focus group is not aligned with the literature procedures in terms of social and environmental information. Research limitations/implications A study with a larger scope and the adoption of other approaches can contribute to broaden the understanding of the perspectives of professional investors in Brazil, as well as in other regions. Practical implications The authors provide evidence that contributes to discussions about the information to be disclosed in integrated reports. Their results are useful to legislators, regulators, report preparers and investors. Originality/value The authors investigate the information demanded by professional investors in their decision-making process aiming to fill the literature gap relating the determinants of the integrated reporting disclosure and what is demanded by this target audience as a minimum content to be reported. As an additional result they offer interesting contributions to the literature providing reflections on nonfinancial information which have become important for Brazilian investors as from the COVID-19 pandemic.

10.
Applied Economics Letters ; : 1-7, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2070005

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the price and risk dynamics of Bitcoin. Applying SVAR to study Bitcoin, gold and U.S. dollar in one system, we find that neither the gold nor U.S. dollar can explain Bitcoin pricing dynamics in the short-run. We further apply the DCC-MGARCH model to study the risk correlations. The results show that there exists volatility spillover effect and dynamic correlation between three markets, which is magnified with the advent of COVID-19. We can thus draw a conclusion that the boom of Bitcoin is just a hype and speculative bubble.

11.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(20)2022 Oct 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071437

ABSTRACT

To expand the application area of the reference group and enrich exercise theoretical research, based on Stimulus-Organism-Response (SOR) framework, this study examines the external factors that motivate adherence to exercise. Taking reference group and strategy and cultural fit as the main stimuli, and personal investment and life satisfaction as mediating variables, this study explores the influence of external stimuli on residents' exercise behavior. In order to enrich the sample size, two surveys of 734 Chinese residents in two cities (Xiamen vs. Fuzhou) were conducted using factor analyses, regression analysis, and t-test analysis. The results indicated that the reference group and strategic and cultural fit as external stimuli impact on residents' personal investment, life satisfaction and exercise adherence, and that personal investment and life satisfaction as the organism has an impact on residents' exercise adherence. Personal investment and life satisfaction play a chain mediating role between the reference group and exercise adherence, and between strategy and cultural fit and exercise adherence. Moreover, the t-test determined the differences between Xiamen and Fuzhou residents' exercise adherence and life satisfaction. Residents' surroundings affect their exercise behavior and life satisfaction. These findings have implications for policymaking aimed at promoting national exercise, which could gradually improve residents' physical fitness, particularly in light of the current coronavirus emergency.


Subject(s)
Exercise , Personal Satisfaction , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cities
12.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12358, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066404

ABSTRACT

This paper evaluates and compares the export competitiveness of rare-earth products from China, the US, Russia, and India between 2006 and 2020 using the CMS model and the WRCA index. The results show that (1) the competitiveness of the four countries’ rare-earth products has changed differently. The overall competitiveness of rare-earth products of China, the US, and India has decreased, whereas the competitiveness of Russia’s rare-earth products has increased. (2) The factors inhibiting the development of the competitiveness of rare-earth products in the four countries are different. In China and India they are market factors and product factors, in the US it is the overall market share factor, and in Russia it is the market factor. (3) The competitiveness of rare-earth products varies greatly among the four countries. China has the highest rare-earth export competitiveness, whereas the US has significantly lower export competitiveness of rare-earth products than China. Russia and India do not have comparative advantages. (4) The four countries have different trends in the evolution of the competitiveness of rare-earth products. The export competitiveness of rare-earth products of China and India tends to decline, whereas that of the United States and Russia tends to rise. Based on the above findings, the paper puts forward corresponding policy recommendations.

13.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12356, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066403

ABSTRACT

This article investigates the connection between US logistics companies’ commitment to environmental, social and fair governance (ESG) strategy and their performance on the US stock market during the 2007–2022 period. The research considers historical data analysis, CAPM and a comparison of optimised portfolios. According to the results of the analyses, ‘green’ logistics stocks are less volatile, and hence less risky, and more profitable compared to ‘non-green’ logistics stocks. The Great Recession (2007–2009) and the COVID-19 pandemic (2020) had the greatest impact on stock volatility, in terms of the US stock market. Optimised during the time of the Ukrainian crisis, green logistics portfolios were shown to have higher returns, but also risks and Sharpe ratios, than ‘non-green’ ones. The results confirm there to be a connection between companies’ commitment to ESG strategy and enhanced stock performance, which contributes to the importance of the ESG agenda.

14.
Asian Economic and Financial Review ; 12(9):751-765, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2067770

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has severely impacted most businesses worldwide. Sustainability management by involving Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) criteria is increasingly a focus of business stakeholders. This study explores the return and risk performance of 98 companies listed in the Thailand Sustainability Investment (THSI) strategy that adopted ESG measures during the COVID-19 outbreak. The regression analysis is also applied to examine the impacts of ESG pillar scores on stock returns from 2015–2021. The empirical results support the positive impact of ESG adoption to stock performance, even during the risks brought by the pandemic. Environmental and governance pillars have a statistically positive affect on stock returns, while the social pillar scores have no impact on return generating. The findings confirm the importance of sustainable development as the center of business’s strategies to cope with emerging risk and to generate better stock performance. © 2022 AESS Publications. All Rights Reserved.

15.
Journal of Governance and Regulation ; 11(4):90-102, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2067518

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic had a tangible impact on Indonesia’s economy to a 4.5% economic growth contraction (Husnulwati & Yanuarsi, 2021). To analyze the dynamics of investment in the emerging market and the effects of COVID-19 associated with the work creation law in Indonesia. This study is research in the field of law with an empirical legal research approach. The Job Creation Law provides simplifications, especially concerning business licensing and investments that can be made starting from the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) level. The COVID-19 pandemic can be interpreted as momentum for Indonesia to attract more investors. The world economy has had significant changes, especially in exports and imports, coupled with the trade war between China and the United States (Sumarni, 2020). Still, several things must be paid attention to, namely: the long-term effect of investment after the amendment of investment provisions in the water, electricity, weapons, and defense business sectors;and the formulation of implementing regulations in the Job Creation Law because so far, Indonesia has been known to be slow in formulating laws and regulations. © 2022 The Authors.

16.
NeuroQuantology ; 20(10):5656-5667, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2067304

ABSTRACT

Against the backdrop of Indian companies, this paper aims to understand the challenges faced by leaders in managing employees within a hybrid workplace. While a few organizations have adopted a remote work strategy, others are opting for a hybrid model that includes some in-office work. This paradigm shift in the method of doing work in the wake of the pandemic has led to a conspicuous change in employee behaviour. The paper, based on a review of literature, broadly addresses three aspects related to this transformation: first, the differing perceptions of the employees and the management as regards telework and conflicts due to a restructuring of the work environment;second, the impact of new work arrangements on employee attitudes and on their psychological well-being, and third, the skills required for effective leadership in the changed scenario. Apart from demands on the economic resources in terms of investment in technology and employee learning and development, there is a pressing need to maintain the social capital of the firm. Leadership with its pervasive impact on organizational culture and employee behaviour has a decisive role to play in contemporary times. The paper highlights how the leaders in India who display a paternalistic style need to imbibe new skills in order to stay effective and presents a conceptual framework in this regard.

17.
Pharmaceutical Journal ; 309(7964), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2065048
18.
Cogent Public Health ; 9(1), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2062798

ABSTRACT

: Africa serves as a rich research mine due to its significant contribution to the global burden of diseases. This study sought to analyze the trends in African journals as a means to further characterize the research landscape on the continent. The African Journals Online (AJOL) database was searched from inception to 17 October 2021 and 173 journals were identified. Journal titles were then used to search nine databases via the Web of Science core collection on 16 December 2021. Journal metadata was analysed using summary descriptive statistics. 58,952 articles published by 40 journals between 1972 and 2021 were found. 62.4% (n = 36,806) were original articles with 66.4% (n = 39,118) focused on general internal medicine and 44.5% (n = 26,251) were published by the South African Medical Journal. Most authors were located in South Africa, Nigeria, China, Morocco and the United States. Top 5 author-assigned keywords were Nigeria, COVID-19, HIV, Children and Prevalence. Most popular database-assigned keywords were Prevalence, Management, Risk, Children and Disease. The African research community makes significant contributions to the literature. However, the continued ability of researchers to embark on critical scientific investigations can be further improved by increased investment and collaborations.

19.
Cardiology in the Young ; 32(Supplement 2):S212, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2062125

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: Before 2020, no pediatric cardiac surgery pro-gram was available at our institution, despite being a university hospital providing tertiary care for 6 million inhabitants. Our goal is to describe the preparation and the first year of expe-rience of our pediatric cardiac surgery program, which will even-tually cater for 300 patients annually. Method(s): The project was supported by European funds (INTERREG program). Medical and nursing staff training was performed via a transborder collaboration. Significant investments were necessary to reach the required standards for the facilities (operating rooms, pediatric intensive care beds) and equipment (cardiopulmonary bypass and ECMO machines, ultrasound sys-tems etc.). A multidisciplinary team was built over 3 years. The pediatric ECMO program was started a year prior to the surgical program. In parallel, a program dedicated to the study and care of neurological impact of congenital heart diseases and interventions was set up. Importantly, a progressive upscale was devised: only children with a weight gt;5 kg requiring non-complex surgeries were operated on during the first year. Result(s): The first year of experience was marked by challenges caused by the successive COVID-19 waves, such as restricted access to the operating room and a subsequent slow-down in the progression of the schedule. Fifty-nine patients constituted the cohort of the first year (October 2020-October 2021). In addition to low-risk procedures (left-to-right shunts closures etc.), cases included 6 tetralogy of Fallot repairs, 1 Ross procedure and 2 bilateral cavopulmonary connections. There were no early or late deaths. Median age was 6.3 years old (1.8-9.8) and median weight was 18.5 kg (10.0-32.0). Fourteen patients (23.7%) were operated on with a weight lt;10 kg. Bypass cases represented 72.9% (43 patients) of all cases. Median cardiopulmonary bypass and cross-clamping times were 88 (52-153) and 51 (26-98) minutes respectively. Median intensive care and hospital stays were 3 (2.0-6.7) and 6 days (5-11) respectively. Conclusion(s): Despite COVID-19-related difficulties, our pediatric cardiac surgery program achieved excellent outcomes in selected patients. Institutional support, meticulous planning, team cohesion and perseverance are keys for successful initiation of a program requiring such high technicality.

20.
SSRN; 2022.
Preprint in English | SSRN | ID: ppcovidwho-344361

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has a huge negative impact on the firms’ business activities. This paper investigates the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on corporate investment and firm value from the real option perspective. Based on the real-option based model (ROM) proposed by Zhang (2000), we find that COVID-19 crisis accelerates low-profitability firms to reduce investment scale and exercise put options timely, thereby the value of put options is increased. This finding mainly exists in areas where the COVID-19 pandemic is worse and firms that have not received government subsidies related to COVID-19. We also find that the value of put options is more pronounced for non-state-owned enterprises and firms with higher internal control quality. However, we do not find the change of growth option value of high-profitability firms during the COVID-19, which indicates that it is difficult for high-profitability firms to grasp the investment expansion opportunities under the COVID-19 pandemic. Our study sheds light on the applicability of ROM and the importance of real option in firm valuation under the major public emergencies.

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