Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 130
Filter
1.
Cultura, Ciencia y Deporte ; 18(56), 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-20238621

ABSTRACT

Due to the covid-19 pandemic, governments were forced to adopt lockdown policies to effectively control the pandemic. These restrictions increased anxiety, depression, and lifestyle changes. This systematic review aims to analyze changes in dietary patterns in the worldwide population during the COVID-19 lockdown. 11 studies were selected from the 1412 founds after searching in three databases. Searching keywords were: "Change dietary”, "COVID-19 dietary” "Confinement dietary”. Inclusion criteria were: studies that collected people's dietary patterns during the COVID-19 lockdown and recorded the consumption of food groups and the variations in lifestyle habits. This research found that people increased their consumption of food. People increased their sedentary hours, slept more but exercised less, leading to gain weight during the lockdown, as well as a poorer sleeping quality and higher anxiety levels.Alternate : Debido a la pandemia de COVID-19, los gobiernos se vieron obligados a tomar medidas de confinamiento para controlar eficazmente el contagio. Sin embargo, después de un tiempo de control al poblado, estas restricciones hicieron la gente tener más ansiedad y depresión, incluso cambiar el estilo de vida.

2.
Yearbook of Medical Informatics ; 31(1):354-364, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20235976

ABSTRACT

The region of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is diverse and retains a superior growth potential. It benefits from a privileged geographical location with big markets, a young and growing educated population, and competitive advantages in several industries. Regardless of their differences, countries face shared concerns, most notably in health. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, MENA countries enact reforms to create a more robust and inclusive digital health systems to increase growth, development, and integrity. Throughout the coordinated containment and mitigation efforts, most of the countries have integrated digital technologies into the health systems. These procedures include digital government initiatives, the introduction of digital health training courses, live video surgeries and virtual patient monitoring, rural and remote telemedicine programs, and the development of a national electronic health records (EHR) system. Each country took necessary actions to address equity, literacy, and development of resilient health systems. The nine featured countries in this report illustrate the diversity among the MENA region and account for major opportunities and achievements as well as promises and challenges that digital health presents for its populations. © 2022 IMIA and Georg Thieme Verlag KG.

3.
Journal of Curriculum and Teaching ; 12(1):1-13, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-20231958

ABSTRACT

The unprecedented outbreak of Covid-19 and the suspension of classes while continuing teaching created disruption and a situation that added considerable stress not only to the management of technical and vocational institutions but also to teachers, trainers and students and their ability to cope with the situation. The shift to online teaching platforms rather than face-to-face learning caused emotional and physical consequences that affect the ability of teachers and trainers to achieve course objectives. This paper identifies and examines the emotional and physical consequences resulting from the use of online teaching platforms on teachers, trainers and students, in addition to examining the quality of online teaching platforms in achieving course objectives. The research involves designing, testing, and distributing questionnaires to a sample of teachers, trainers, and students as well as meeting with the Dean of the College of Technological Studies. The findings of this research revealed that teachers and trainers are more vulnerable to stress, and this can have a significant effect on teachers and trainers psychological and physical health and triggers emotional and physical consequences. In respect to students' perception towards the effectiveness of applying online teaching platforms, the majority of students were disagreed that online teaching platforms helped in gaining the required skills, understanding cases studies and understanding the course topics. Thus, the management of the College of Technological Studies must ensure that teachers and trainers are well equipped with the required knowledge, skills and attitudes to overcome and/or reduce the consequences resulting from the use of online teaching platforms. Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s).

4.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 2023 Jun 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-20231747

ABSTRACT

Mycophenolate mofetil and rituximab have been shown to be considerably associated with poorer outcomes following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Such agents were associated with longer hospital stay as well as severe COVID-19 outcomes (infection-related complications, intensive care unit admission, and mortality). Using the data of the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance (GRA) registry of inflammatory rheumatic disease (IRD) patients in Kuwait, who had COVID-19 from March 2020 to March 2021, revealed 4 mortality cases (3 cases used CD-20 inhibitors as monotherapy and 1 case used mycophenolate mofetil/mycophenolic acid as monotherapy). This article describes the characteristics and course of disease among 4 patients with IRD who died following COVID-19 infection at Jaber Al Ahmed Hospital, Kuwait. The current series raises the intriguing prospect that IRD patients may have a varying risk of unfavorable clinical outcomes depending on the type of biological agents they were given. Rituximab and mycophenolate mofetil should be used with caution in IRD patients, particularly if they have concomitant comorbidities that put them at a high likelihood of developing severe COVID-19 outcomes.

5.
Journal of Biosafety and Biosecurity ; 5(1):21-31, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2324295

ABSTRACT

Background: The One Health concept (OHC) seeks to improve the health of plants, animals, and humans because improving animal and plant health will increase the capacity for improving human health. Many risks such as plant and animal biotechnology applications have the potential to generate new diseases that can be transmitted to humans. In this way, the health of humans, animals, and plants is interrelated and depends on one another. However, it has been difficult to apply the OHC in some countries, such as those in the Middle East. The absence of financial support in the region is a major hindrance to applying this concept in the region. The application of the OHC requires the support of specialists who can advocate the government for support in launching OHC-related projects. Here, we discuss the OHC in the context of antimicrobial resistance, zoonotic diseases, and biosafety/biosecurity, which are important public health issues. Furthermore, we describe the current status of the OHC in the Middle East and recent research conducted related to this concept. There has been recent international solidarity in the application of the OHC to reduce risks that threaten the health of organisms. Several countries jointly launched the Global Health Security Agenda in 2014 with the aim of realizing a world that is free of infectious disease-related health risks. However, no previous review articles have examined the applications of the OHC in the Middle East region. This article discusses the OHC in terms of its needs and current applications in the Middle East. Methodology: The following keywords were used in the search: "One Health," "Middle East," "medicinal plants," "viruses," "rabies," "MERS," and "antimicrobial resistance." Related papers were obtained by searching for these keywords using available search engines, such as PubMed, Google Scholar, and Google search, as well as international organization websites. Conclusion(s): The concept of One Health is relatively new and has not been applied in most countries, possibly because the value of this concept for improving human health is not well understood. The key principle defining this concept and its importance is the interdependency of plants, animals, and human health. By applying the OHC, humans can benefit from healthy plants and animals by enhancing their growing conditions, medications, and environments. This would in turn improve general human health by allowing the safe extraction of therapeutics and food resources.Copyright © 2023

6.
Sustainability ; 15(9):7054, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2317891

ABSTRACT

This perspective is a qualitative meta-analysis study using a critical interpretive synthesis that narrates three future and equally plausible scenarios of social and economic development in the State of Kuwait over the next 15 years. The first scenario follows what we call the ‘Sustainable Growth' model as defined by the United Nations Development Goals and the Kuwait Vision 2035 presented by the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. As a polar opposite, the next scenario is what we call the ‘Mismanaged Resourced-Based Autocracy' model, a negative reflection of the worst-case scenario. The third scenario is in between these two, and we call it the ‘Equality of Outcome Between Societal Groups' model. So as not to lay blame for past actions or point fingers, which could prove counterproductive to a consensus-building process for needed actions, we chose to use the pasts of other countries for future projections for the State of Kuwait. Our search through recent socio-economic pasts revealed that Singapore was the best fit for the first scenario, Venezuela for the second, and Lebanon for the third. All these countries became fully independent at approximately the same time as the State of Kuwait and share many other similarities. The three future projections were used as input variables to the outcome, which was a bottom-up and top-down consensus-making process regarding utilitarian action for Kuwait to be used by Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), Think-Tanks, Development Agencies, the government and the parliament.

7.
International Journal of Pharmacy Practice ; 31(Supplement 1):i29-i30, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2312370

ABSTRACT

Introduction: A report by the World Health Organisation highlighted a lack of clarity in medicine labelling regulations in Kuwait and the subsequent risk of patient harm from labelling errors (1). In response, the Undersecretary of the Kuwait Ministry of Health (MOH) issued a ministerial decree governing the labelling of medicines (M.D 4451/2021, June 2021) (2), stipulating a requirement to affix an identification label containing specific patient, medicine, and supplier information on medication packaging. Aim(s): To develop a map of the Medicines Labelling System (MLS) in a tertiary hospital in Kuwait (TH). Method(s): A Work Domain Analysis (WDA) was conducted using qualitative data from 1) semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 10 nurses, 10 patients/caregivers, and 10 pharmacists involved in the delivery or administration of medicines to TH patients, as well as 2) an analysis of medicine labelling documents published by the Kuwaiti MOH and TH. After gaining informed consent, one-to-one semi-structured interviews were conducted in TH, in accordance with the latest COVID-19 prevention procedures. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Both deductive - informed by ion Hierarchy (AH), the modelling tool of WDA - and inductive thematic analysis was conducted. Result(s): Thirty participants took part in semi-structured interviews averaging 34 minutes, from which five levels of ion in the AH were constructed. The first level, functional purposes, describes the reason why any given system exists: for the MLS in TH, they were compliance with regulations, policies, and protocols of the Kuwaiti MOH and TH and providing an identification of medicine issued by ISH pharmacies. Five aspects of the second level, values and priority measures, were identified, including optimisation of service workflow and timeefficient clinical practices. The third level, purpose-related functions, describes the key functions that need to be in place for the MLS to work;these were the production of medicines labels, coordination, and management of medicines and resources. The last two levels in the AH, object-related functions and physical objects, describe the resources that are required in the MLS, their functionality, and their limitations: there were 16 groups of physical objects, which afforded 19 different functions. Means-ends links showed the crucial relationships and significance between functions at different levels of the AH, the most prominent of which were coordination and communication. Conclusion(s): TH's MLS is a complex system that was visually represented using an AH, showing the constraints and structure of the work system. The AH constructed a knowledge base. Subsequent analyses of the current system issues may draw on this knowledge, such as a potential analysis of how specific tasks, like the use of labels by nurses within wards, are performed. The limitations of this study included only exploring 'work as imagined' (i.e., accounts from healthcare staff and documents), which does not fully capture how the MLS functions on a day-to-day basis. Future work will focus on deepening our understanding of the MLS through observations of work in practice.

8.
Kuwait Journal of Science ; (on)2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2312349

ABSTRACT

The first case of coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) in Kuwait was reported on February 24, 2020, and then day by day cases of Covid-19 keep on increasing. The decision of the government about the standard citizens to repatriate them back to Kuwait from different epicenters of Covid-19 has created a big challenge. There is a need to estimate a prediction model for the estimation of this epidemic size. The main objective of the current study is to find an efficient way of prediction of this epidemic situation for coronavirus by using real-time data from 24th February to 12th June 2020. By considering the uncertainty in the current situation and non-stationary real-time data of corona cases, we consider a novel strategy for prediction purposes. By using a multilayer model with different decomposition techniques, we developed a novel hybrid model for decomposition and prediction of corona cases in Kuwait. A Hybrid methodology based on denoising, decomposition, prediction, and ensemble rules are applied to the confirmed corona cases in Kuwait. To evaluate the performance of the novel hybrid model in comparison with other existing models, we use mean relative error, mean absolute error, and mean square error. It is concluded that the proposed framework for the prediction of conformed corona cases indicated better performance as compared to other existing methods.

9.
Kuwait Journal of Science ; (on)2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2312160

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 has emerged as a serious pandemic that emerged during since the end of 2019. The dissemination and survival of coronaviruses have been demonstrated to be affected by ambient temperature in epidemiological and laboratory research. The goal of this investigation was to see if temperature plays a role in the infection produced by this novel coronavirus. Methods: Between March 29, 2020, and September 29, 2020, daily confirmed cases and meteoro-logical parameters in many Gulf countries were collected. Using a generalized additive model, we investigated the nonlinear relationship between mean temperature and COVID-19 confirmed cases.. To further investigate the association, we employed a piecewise linear regression. Results: According to the exposure-response curves, the association between mean temperature and COVID-19 cases was nearly linear in the window of 21 - 30C while it is almost flat beyond that window. When the number was below 21C (lag 0-14), each 1C increase was associated with a 4.861 percent (95 percent CI: 3.209 - 6.513) increase in mean temperature (lag 0-14). Our sensitiv-ity analysis confirmed these conclusions. Conclusions: Our findings show a positive linear association between mean temperature and the number of COVID-19 cases with a threshold of 21C. There is little evidence that COVID-19 case numbers would rise as the weather becomes colder, which has important consequences for making health strategy and decision.

10.
Kuwait Journal of Science ; (on)2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2312023

ABSTRACT

This special issue comprises 8 articles that explore various aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic from mathematical, statistical, and biological perspectives. The two articles in the mathematics category discuss optimal control strategies to limit the spread of COVID-19 in Italy and Jakarta, Indonesia, using quarantine, testing, and medical treatment. The statistics category features 4 articles that investigate the impact of temperature on the spread of COVID-19 in Gulf countries, the development of novel hybrid models for predicting COVID-19 in Kuwait, forecasting using basic reproduction number dynamics to analyze the pandemic's data, and a comparison of the multi-state models to assess the effect of antiviral treatment on SARS-CoV-2 infectious disease progression. The final 2 articles in the biology category focus on the bioinformatic analysis of antiviral medicinal compounds against SARS-CoV-2 proteases and the filtration efficiency of face masks and veils as protective measures during the COVID-19 pandemic.

11.
Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2290844

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to explore the impact of hybrid learning on the satisfaction, effectiveness and academic performance of faculty and students in private universities in Kuwait. The study specifically addresses the challenges and experiences confronted by students and faculty members in utilising hybrid learning, assesses whether hybrid learning leads to improvements in academic performance and proposes measures for providing quality hybrid learning models in post-coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) situations. Design/methodology/approach: This study employed a quantitative method by collecting data via a questionnaire targeting private university students and faculty members in Kuwait. A total of 311 participants completed the survey. Findings: The results show that students were in favour of the hybrid learning method and viewed this as being efficient when coming to satisfaction, academic performance and overall effectiveness;whilst faculty members have voiced the members' disfavour of the hybrid model of teaching as the members believe that the system is unjust, especially when coming to student's academic performance. Originality/value: Although research related to hybrid learning in different parts of the world has existed for many years, the research only recently gained prominence in Kuwait due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This paper will likely be of interest to academics, policymakers, the government and universities as the pandemic continues to make hybrid learning more popular and, therefore, would increase awareness with regards to students' and faculty members' opinions about the system and proposed ways to resolve any issues. © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.

12.
Gender in Management ; 38(4):454-470, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2300238

ABSTRACT

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to report empirical research on gender managerial obstacles in UAE private organizations. It identifies the barriers that limit opportunities for gender equality promotion in managerial level positions.Design/methodology/approachPrimary data were gathered from 384 female managers operating in UAE organizations using Survey Monkey and ANOVA for statistical analysis. Two variables (years of experience and industry) were used to compare the average means across the responses and the differences among the group.FindingsThe situation of gender equality in UAE management currently shows a positive trend. The females who participated in the survey have considerable work experience and jobs in a vital economic sector of the UAE industry. The earlier cultural stereotypes that worked against the interests of women in the UAE society are no longer relevant except for informal barriers and the level of cooperation among female leaders. We found differences among industry, service and transportation sectors in which gender managerial level in a private industry is dependent upon the number of years of experience for female managers.Research limitations/implicationsThe limitation of the study is the online survey was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic during the lockdown period in the spring of 2020, which led to a low number of participants responding to the questionnaire. Additionally, the survey did not include a nationality question to distinguish Emiratis from non-Emirati.Social implicationsThis study indicates a need to coordinate UAE female leaders' actions to protect their rights, develop formal and informal mechanisms of gender inequality realization in business and promote professional skills, orientation on social networks, and mentoring programs for female leaders. These initiatives improve the positions of female leaders.Originality/valueThe study of the UAE case adds to the existing literature on gender studies because the survey-based research in the UAE context contributes to the limited knowledge of Middle Eastern countries. The females' employment and their representation in managerial levels remain lower compared to males. Differences exist among the industry, service and transportation sectors.

13.
Energies ; 16(7):3225, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2298812

ABSTRACT

The six Gulf monarchies—Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE)—are more politically stable than their peers in the Middle East and North Africa. Explanations for governance resilience range from repression to neopatrimonial and instrumental legitimacy, hydrocarbon-based rentierism, and permissive regional and international environments. This paper considers, in view of the proliferation and uptake of renewable energy in the Gulf, how governance resilience may be affected as a result of changes in state-society relations during the energy transition away from a fossil-fuel-based energy system. It offers a qualitative analysis of the impact of renewable energy deployment in the Gulf, supported by a rich array of secondary literature and data. It also offers a deep, if brief, dive to highlight intra-regional nuances. The authors conclude that in the short term, renewable energy deployment has a very modest impact given its limited share of power generation. In the longer term, even assuming that stated ambitions for renewable energy are fulfilled, no negative impact on monarchial resilience is expected thanks to gains in legitimacy and revenue streams, as well as purposeful alignment with an external environment supportive of renewable power in developing countries.

14.
International Journal of Emergency Management ; 18(1):1-22, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2288005

ABSTRACT

Digital marketing is increasingly used by government organisations during crises to improve information dissemination as well as foster citizen and general public participation. This paper explores the adoption of digital marketing by Kuwait Fire Force. Qualitative data was used to understand the strategic approach and effectiveness. Secondary data was collected from social media platforms to determine participation of citizens, the impact of the strategies, the sentiments of the information and the reach of information through the platforms. This paper argues that commercial digital marketing strategies can be applied in crisis management through social media channels. the results show that to a certain extent, the digital marketing strategies are effective. However, care should be taken to ensure that all platforms are well-integrated, have similar messages and the tone of these messages need to be clearly defined in the digital marketing strategy. Recommendations have been provided to improve the impact of these strategies.

15.
Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes ; 15(2):117-130, 2023.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2270363

ABSTRACT

PurposeThis study aims to examine the commonalities and contrasts in the tourism objectives and strategies of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, thereby revealing the foundations and pillars underlying the strategic initiatives implemented.Design/methodology/approachThis exploratory study applied the resource-based view (RBV) lens to the country level. A comparative analysis of the tourism strategy in each GCC country was undertaken to determine commonalities and contrasts between the different strategies and to classify them into clusters. In the next stage, in-depth interviews were carried out to validate the findings.FindingsFour distinct clusters were identified in this paper: lifestyle glamor, emerging giant, sports-induced country branding and eco-friendly regional-based strategies.Practical implicationsThe findings and cluster classification are pertinent to policymakers and industry marketers in crafting tourism development plans.Originality/valueThis study analyzed the economic diversification strategies adopted by GCC countries as new entrants in the tourism sector and classified them into four clusters.

16.
Coronaviruses ; 2(10) (no pagination), 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2254279

ABSTRACT

Hydroxychloroquine is a chloroquine derivative recognized for treating 'SARS-CoV-2 or COVID-19', among its other uses. It is one of the key drugs used for the treatment of malaria and other respiratory diseases. The drug exhibits multiple pharmacological activities such as anti-malarial, antidiabetic, anticancer, anti-HIV, antifungal, antimicrobial, and antioxidant activities. The coronavirus has recently shown five mutations or genetic change in its structure due to change in the climatic condition (i.e. R207C (nsp 2-27) - Wuhan (China), V378 I (nsp 2-198) - Italy, M2796I (nsp 4-33) - Iran, L3606F (nsp 6-37)-America and V9082F (ORF 7a-74) - Kuwait). There are many preclinical, clinical, theoretical, and experimental evidences that support the effectiveness of HCQ and CQ on patients affected by COVID-19. Based on the evidence currently underway and future research, we will be able to provide better analysis of the role of HCQ and CQ in the COVID-19 transition. It displays several activities related to the respiratory system, and numerous studies have suggested that the compound may be beneficial in protection against diseases such as malaria and lupus erythematosus. The present review represents the role and use of HCQ in the COVID-19 dis-ease. The object of this review study is based on the research evidence obtained from different au-thentic sources. It is currently used in the study of HCQ and CQ for the treatment of coronavirus and various other infections.Copyright © 2021 Bentham Science Publishers.

17.
European Respiratory Journal Conference: European Respiratory Society International Congress, ERS ; 60(Supplement 66), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2248973

ABSTRACT

Background: The efficacy and safety of awake prone positioning (APP) in hypoxemic patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is unclear. Aim(s): To evaluate the efficacy and safety of APP in non-intubated adults with COVID-19. Method(s): We performed a pragmatic, international, randomized trial at 21 centers in Canada, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United States between May 19, 2020, and May 18, 2021. Eligible patients were hospitalized adults with COVID-19 requiring >40% oxygen. Patients were randomized to APP (n=205) or usual care (n=195). The primary outcome was intubation by day 30. Secondary outcomes included mortality at 60 days, ventilation-free days at 30 days, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital-free days at 60 days, adverse events, and serious adverse events. Result(s): Patients in the APP group proned for a median of 4.8 hours per day (IQR 1.8 to 8.0) in the first 4 days. By day 30, 70/205 patients (34.1%) in the APP group and 79/195 (40.5%) in the control group were intubated (hazard ratio [HR] 0.81;95% confidence interval [CI] 0.59 to 1.12). APP did not reduce mortality at 60 days (HR 0.93;95% CI 0.62 to 1.40) and had no effect on days alive invasively or noninvasively ventilated at 30 days, or days out of ICU or hospital at 60 days. There were no serious adverse events in either group. A prespecified subgroup analysis suggested that APP reduced intubation among patients with SpO2:FiO2 >150 (HR of 0.44, 95% CI 0.23 to 0.87) but not among patients with SpO2:FiO2 <150 (HR 1.02;95% CI 0.70 to 1.48;P-interaction= 0.03). Conclusion(s): APP did not significantly reduce intubation at 30 days or mortality at 60 days overall, but may be effective in patients with SpO2:FiO2 >150.

18.
Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research ; 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2248714

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study aims to investigate the intentions of individuals' monetary charity during the COVID-19 crisis in Kuwait. The new conditions of COVID-19 enhanced both the theoretical as well as empirical importance of understanding how charities canalize monetary donations toward those in need. Design/methodology/approach: An initial framework is developed based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to conceptualize how an individual's intention of donating money to charitable organizations is realized in their behaviors. A cross-sectional study of 276 donors is conducted. Findings: Explained variance gained is 0.73% suggesting that during the pandemic, donors are financially able to donate and prioritize easily accessible channels to transfer monetary charity. Donor attitudes towards charitable organizations were found to be insignificant regardless of the mismanagement reported. Practical implications: This study importantly discusses public behavior toward charities during the pandemic and suggests policies for managing such charities during a pandemic for optimizing their effectiveness. Originality/value: This paper used a contemporary context to measure behavioral intentions including attitude (attitude toward making a financial donation, attitude toward charitable organizations and the attitude toward helping others), perceived behavioral control, descriptive norms, moral norms, injunctive/prescriptive norms and past behavior and thus enhance the empirical base of the TPB. © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.

19.
Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication ; 39(516):1-15, 2023.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2248660

ABSTRACT

This study analyses the political aspects of the Clubhouse platform used in Kuwait as an emerging social media. An e-questionnaire considering demographical variables and scales was distributed, and 1,539 social media users in Kuwait were surveyed. SPSS (version 24) was used for data entry and analysis. Data showed a difference in the percentages of males and females using this platform without significantly changing the degree of use. There were variations in the use of the Clubhouse platform regarding political news. Additionally, positive relationships exist between the degree of using the Clubhouse platform and new and traditional media covering political news on related platforms. Results indicated that date of birth, educational level and the use of radio broadcasting, Facebook, Snapchat and Twitter were factors impacting activity on the Clubhouse platform. The data in this study demonstrates how new media has been adapted to political affairs and concerns in Kuwait. Although Clubhouse is new, with fewer social media users, it has been characterized by political social media users, and COVID-19 could be one of the reasons. © 2023 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands.

20.
Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics ; 25(Supplement 2):A229, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2248612

ABSTRACT

Background and Aims: There has been a considerable impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare services and the management of type 1 diabetes (T1D) at onset. The aim is to describe the clinical characteristics of children with T1D onset in Kuwait during the two years of the COVID-19 pandemic in comparison to the previous years (2017-2019) Methods: Children aged 14 years or less diagnosed with T1D onset between the years (2017-2022) were included. Children were categorized according to the diagnosis year and during (Feb 24th- Feb 23rd,the following year) Results: A significant increase in DKA rates was observed during the first & second years of the pandemic compared to the previous years (2020, 53.3%, 2021, 55.8% vs 2019, 39.4%, 2018,35.5%, 2017,39.1%,p-value=>0.001respectively);as well as ICU admission (26.4% in 2020,27.6% in 2021,13.9% in 2019,15.0% in 2018, and 19.7% in 2017, p-value = 0.002 respectively). Frequency of TTG-IgA antibodies was slightly higher in the second year compared to the previous years (12.4% in 2021,9.3% in 2020,8.8% in 2019,9.8% in 2018, and 6.0% in 2017,p-value = 0.06 respectively). Frequency of TPO antibodies didn't differ across the years (20.0% in 2021, 22.6% in 2020,14.8% in 2019,12.7% in 2018, and 16.0% in 2017,p-value = 0.06 respectively, p-value = 0.10, respectively) Conclusion(s): DKA & ICU admission rates continue to rise in the second year of the pandemic. In 2021,celiac screening positivity was slightly higher at onset. To better understand the longterm effects of the pandemic on the clinical course of children with T1D, it is essential to evaluate further clinical presentation, autoimmune involvement & outcomes over long periods of time.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL