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1.
Scientific Papers Series Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development ; 22(2):579-590, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1958306

ABSTRACT

The goal of the study is to analyze Romania's tourism in the years of the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 and 2021, in order to quantify the gaps compared to the highest performance achieved in 2019 and in what measure tourism started to recover. Offer in terms of units with function for tourists' accommodation, their number, structure and evolution, number of places and their dynamics by accommodation type, and demand in terms of arrivals, overnight stays both at national level and in rural tourism, index of net use of accommodation capacity, incoming and outgoing tourism were the main studied indicators using fixed basis and structural indices and comparison method. Compared to 2019, in 2021 the number of accommodation units reached 9,146, being by +8.8% higher and the number of places accounted for 364.5 thousand (+2.2%). In 2020, tourist arrivals represented 47.8% and in 2021 accounted for 69.3% of the 2019 level, and the overnight stays followed a similar situation. The main destinations were the seashore, mountain and spa resorts, Romanian tourists having about 90% share in total arrivals. The pandemic was an incentive for Romanians to "Rediscover Romania" and the holiday vouchers were of much help. In a low measure, mainly in 2021, outgoing tourism to Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Maldive, Egypt exceeded the incoming tourism. The year 2021 was better than 2020, as the relaxed measures started earlier than in 2020 and tourism managers adopted flexible offers, personalized packages, last minute, early booking, free cancelation, lower tariffs, bonuses etc. The increasing trend is a hope that in 2022 tourism will have a much better dynamics and there are chances to recover!

2.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 45:928-935, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957968

ABSTRACT

Sports facilities are necessary for the practice of physical activity and these must comply with the minimum accessibility and safety requirements established to guarantee quality standards, as well as compliance with prevention and hygiene measures during the pandemic caused by COVID-19. The aim of this study was to analyse the degree of compliance with regard to the criteria of safety, accessibility and prevention and hygiene measures of sports facilities and equipment during COVID-19 in the Region of Murcia. To this end, a total of 34 sports facilities, 59 complementary spaces and 43 sports equipment were analysed, using a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional methodology. A total of seven ad hoc observation sheets were designed, comprising a total of 410 items and based on the applicable regulations and legislation in force. The results show that flooring is the sub-area with the highest degree of compliance, in toilets and changing rooms (89%) and in sports halls and fitness centres (92.14%). Signage and information show the lowest percentage of compliance in the three areas analysed, sports halls and fitness centres (65%), toilets and changing rooms (37%) and grandstands (42%). The analysis highlights the need to review and remedy the non-compliances detected in order to guarantee the quality of the sports facilities.

3.
Partners in Research for Development ; 4:3-5, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957701

ABSTRACT

It is reported that agritourism and beekeeping have weathered the COVID-19 pandemic in the Pacific region to emerge as key strengths of the second phase of the Pacific Agribusiness Research in Development Initiative (PARDI 2). This ACIAR-supported project is mentoring and training farmers, and building capacity for farmer organisations, to develop agribusinesses in the Pacific region. Development of business skills in agritourism and beekeeping is supporting farm business sustainability and profitability. Connecting new and expanding businesses to mentors and advisers is also building knowledge and facilitating industry development.

4.
Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal ; 12(1):337-365, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934995

ABSTRACT

This study examines the direct effects of technology acceptance (perceived usefulness and ease of use), trustworthiness, expertise, and the moderating effect of COVID-19 perceived health risk on tourists' social media User-Generated-Content (UGC) usage intention. The study respondent was 233 Malaysian tourists who travelled domestically for leisure during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study hypotheses were examined using multiple regression analysis. The hypotheses testing indicates that perceived usefulness, ease of use, trustworthiness, and expertise significantly affect future usage of social media UGC. In addition, the findings confirm that perceived health risk does not affect the user trustworthiness and future usage of social media UGC. The findings assist tourism stakeholders in understanding tourist behaviour towards social media UGC, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The tourism business and policymakers should continuously improve and monitor their UGC platform, especially since UGC was deemed one of the vital information dissemination channels during the COVID-19 pandemic.

5.
Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal ; 12(1):70-93, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934994

ABSTRACT

The paper identifies the level of importance determined by the consumer as far as traveling and discovering new destinations are concerned, after the lockdown caused by the health crisis triggered by the coronavirus pandemic. A sample of 445 respondents is used, and an ordered logit econometric model is applied to estimate the importance level of travelling and enjoying a new destination considering the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics and the level of importance attributed to meeting new people, visiting their families, going back to work, meeting their friends, eating out in a restaurant and attending musical and other cultural events. The main conclusions are related to consumers who believe it is very important to travel for specific reasons, such as meeting new people and friends or visiting their families, eating out in a restaurant or attending musical or other cultural events. Family and friends play an important role, considering that to visit them is seen as a priority. This study provides a relevant assessment regarding the priorities defined by the consumers in the scope of the discovery of new destinations, thus providing inputs to the different stakeholders involved in the definition of strategies for the promotion of tourism destinations.

6.
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry ; 32(2):229-239, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934540

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on high school athletics. The Japan High School Athletic Federation, which is the central sports organization of the high school athletics competition, and the National High School Athletic Federation, which is the governing body of the high school sports organization, manage the high school athletics category under the umbrella of the National High School Athletic Federation. This paper aimed to analyze the kind of relationship being built with the National Athletics Department, which is responsible for the actual management of the tournament, and to verify whether there is a conflict between the National Athletics Department and the National Athletics Department. Specifically, we analyzed the actual functions of the National High School Championships, the Japan Association of Athletics Federations, and the National High School Championships, and the level of support each organization had at the Inter-High School Championships held during the coronavirus pandemic. Then, based on the articles of incorporation and regulations of each organization, we organized the objectives, business contents, and decision-making of the three organizational operations, and observed conflicts. We found that the National High School Federation and the National High School Federation Land Specialization Department have four local conditions of conflict : "ambiguity of work in charge", "reciprocity of tasks", "common resources", and "mismatch of social evaluation".

7.
Hotel and Tourism Management ; 10(1):67-78, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1924570

ABSTRACT

The problem of excessive tourismhas overnight become an ideology and a part of the past. With the appearance of the COVID-19 pandemic, the flow of tourist movements was abruptly interrupted, and thus the visits to restaurants. The aim of the research was to determine whether the fear of the users of the pandemic infection affects the intention to visit restaurants. The total number of respondents was 508, in 27 restaurants in the Republic of Serbia. The authors used exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and multiple regression analysis with mediation for data processing. The research concluded that the perceived fears of the respondents may influence the decision to visit restaurants. The importance of research is reflected in the application of results in theory and practice, in order to facilitate business during the pandemic.

8.
Hotel and Tourism Management ; 10(1):41-51, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1924568

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 brought many negative effects in different regions and economic areas. However, the hotel industry suffered the most adverse effects due to restrictions and measures imposed by countries. Hence, hotels took substantial hit on their financial performance and efficiency. The adverse impact was not same for all hotels across the globe. The extent to which they will record worsening financial performance depends on the implemented governmental measures and actions taken by the hotels. Assessment of changes in revenues, expenses and expense to revenues ratio shows the magnitude of the impact induced by the pandemic. The findings suggest that most hotels have suffered a substantial loss in revenues and significant increase in expense to revenues ratio.

9.
Physical Culture and Sport: Studies and Research ; 95(1):54-67, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1923989

ABSTRACT

The new pandemic lifestyle advocates new rules for sport at all levels, from amateur to elite. Consequently, it has transformed the ways in which sports are performed and consumed, provoking demand for new technologies and/or the development of existing ones. This paper aims to identify, describe, and visualize the process of sport transformation as radical internal and external industry changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is intended to qualitatively explain the current 'metamorphoses' in the field and subsequently answer the question of how the COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed all aspects of sports and physical culture. The literature and empirical dataset (qualitative open-ended written interviews, N = 147) were analysed in the spirit of grounded theory, referring to the holistic approach. The results demonstrated that the COVID-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented effect on sports by touching on all aspects, levels, and stakeholders. The paper also outlines challenges and opportunities for the industry in these extraordinary times. The key dimensions of transformation are identified and explained. The findings of this research have significant implications for the understanding of how COVID-19 gave rise to the transformation of sports in different aspects. This study adds to the growing body of research on the positive and negative impacts of COVID-19 on sports, new technologies demand, and the transformation of sports.

10.
Festival and event tourism ; : 11-19 many ref, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1921874

ABSTRACT

This chapter provides insights into the various views associated with the future of the events tourism industry following the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, and introduces a framework for a resilient and sustainable tourism recovery plan post-COVID-19. It is argued that a good recovery plan will continually reinforce the positive strengths and minimize the vulnerabilities to make the system sustainable.

11.
International Journal of Safety and Security in Tourism/Hospitality ; 22, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918908

ABSTRACT

The specialized literature consecrates the contemporary moment [pre-Covid], that of the logics of globalized capitalism and, in its cultural expressions, called postmodern, as marked by: [a] paradigmatic rupture with Cartesian science, in favour of theoretical-methodological models associated with complexity;[b] mobility, inducing the 'erasure' of the territory, placing the place at the centre of the discussion and introducing issue-concepts such as flows, fixed points and networks;and [c] tourism, once a hegemonic phenomenon that marked mentalities, finds itself challenged by such dialogues in conceptual terms and in their practices. In the current scenario of a global pandemic, tourism would be among the most affected cultural practices, accentuating the interpellations to its model of practices. Therefore, this investigation undertakes a bibliographic review and syntheses, with the objective of analyzing such marks in the interrelationship between tourism and mobility, assuming that they are complex and dialogic concepts. The results of the research in progress allow us to infer that mobility is not yet a key concept for the study of sociocultural phenomena associated with tourism as would be expected. Faced with the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic, the rethinking of such a gap begins.

12.
Atithya: A Journal of Hospitality ; 7(2):1-7, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918893

ABSTRACT

The hotel housekeeping department is responsible for aesthetic upkeep of hotel rooms, cleaning of public areas as well as maintaining of all public areas. Post- COVID-19 challenges are that after cleaning an area housekeeping department must ensure that area is clinically clean to eliminate all the possibilities of any infection. The hotel guest is exposed to variety of environments, and the possibility of bringing infection into a hotel cannot be overlooked. The hotels need to be very mindful of the point that they must follow COVID-19 protocols and hotel cannot hurt guest sentiments while following the protocols. For hoteliers, the prosperity and wellbeing of guest is very critical as they must follow proper cleaning methods so that no one should get affected with COVID-19 and ensure guest satisfaction. This pandemic has a major and detrimental impact on the hospitality business, among other industries. Given the qualities of services, sophisticated technology alone will not enough to provide a memorable experience in the absence of actual touch between customer and hotel. The new cleaning procedures will help fight against COVID-19 and will also to attract potential guest. Cleanliness and sanitization have become more important to people. People are apprehensive about travelling and they have started travelling once again. This article demonstrates how hotel sanitation and housekeeping have improved in order to attract more clients. Demand rises to near maximum capacity from near closure (and then back down) in a matter of days in several marketplaces. As any general manager knows, having the correct team in place to serve the unknown number of guests who may come through the door at any time in a fashion that the hotel can still be proud of is no easy task in today's environment.

13.
Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Issues ; 4(1):29-40, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918744

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of COVID-19 fear perceptions on travel anxiety, and travel intentions of domestic tourists during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected from a total of 387 participants through an online survey in September 2021, using data collection tools adapted from different studies. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to verify the measurement model, and covariance-based structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to test the theoretical model using LISREL software. The results of the study show that domestic tourists' fears of COVID-19 infection have influenced significantly on their travel anxiety, and it has not a significant effect on their travel intentions. It has been determined that travel anxiety has a significant effect on the travel intentions of domestic tourists. According to the results of the research, the theoretical and practical contributions of the research are discussed.

14.
Atithya: A Journal of Hospitality ; 7(1):44-53, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1918723

ABSTRACT

Online Pedagogy has emerged as one of the evident scenario amongst academicians since the outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic. Lockdown restrictions may be seen as an opportunity for all the academicians to explore and adopt online pedagogy. Almost all of us have been using some or the other online teaching platform to connect & share knowledge with our students. According to an article published on w.e.f. website (Li & Lalani, 2020), although there was high growth and adoption of education technology with global edtech investments reaching US$18.66 billion in 2019 and the overall market for online education expected to reach $350 Billion by 2025 but still there has been significant increase in usage of language apps, virtual tutoring, video conferencing tools and online learning softwares since the outbreak of COVID-19. This descriptive review paper attempts to highlight the impact of COVID-19 upon education system & review the issues, challenges and benefits of online teaching through a survey questionnaire posted on LinkedIn & WhatsApp seeking responses only from academicians teaching hospitality & tourism courses, as these courses majorly involve experiential learning. Reliability of the framed questionnaire is checked using Chronbach's alpha. All the prominent issues and challenges are compiled and depicted using descriptive statistics, for simple & easy understanding.

15.
International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning ; 16(8):1415-1423, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912414

ABSTRACT

In recent years, tourism in Ecuador has increased exponentially. The city of Puerto Lopez has shown unusual growth. This study is based on a comparison of the situation of the Ecuadorian town before and after the COVID-19 pandemic. To achieve this primary objective, three specific goals were set out: (1) To analyze the perception that tourists have of the Canton of Puerto Lopez. (2) To examine the influence that tourism has on the local economy. (3) To study the impact of the pandemic on tourism development in the region. To achieve these objectives, quantitative research was carried out based on two surveys on perceptions of tourism activity. One was carried out before the arrival of Covid and the other after the pandemic. They are complemented by the collection of data from official statistics and stakeholder interviews. The main results also reveal opportunities for the tourism sector of Puerto Lopez if we relate it to the SDGs_2030, as there is room for improvement in its current tourism model, and it can be made more sustainable from a social, economic and environmental point of view.

16.
Geografia. Malaysian Journal of Society and Space ; 18(2):223-235, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1912385

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak in late 2019 has impacted all nations, societies, and industries globally due to the closure of international borders and strict travel restrictions. As one of the community-based tourism activities that have been viewed as a tool to stimulate rural community development, the Malaysian homestay program is no exception. This paper aims to explore the COVID-19 impacts, to examine how the homestay operators strived to be resilient and to understand the sustainability strategies adopted by them in reviving the industry post-COVID-19. By using a resilience-based framework, in-depth interviews with 10 homestay operators, one (1) state tourism official, and three (3) Homestay Chairman of the local homestay tourism association were conducted. Findings revealed that COVID-19 has affected the homestay operators' livelihoods, where they experienced a total loss of incomes due to booking cancellations and the complete halt of tourist arrivals. Operators began to re-visit their business models and mapped out the 'new norms of hospitality by leveraging technology and social media to promote their businesses online.' All these innovative strategies need to be undertaken collectively and therefore leadership and the formation of strong human resources proved to be the best solutions. Diversifying and venturing into other businesses as second income generation provides a safety net in sustaining their livelihoods. It is suggested that the creation of new business models and pragmatic community tourism policies will essentially determine the homestay program's chances of survival, particularly during crisis or disaster, by transforming it into a much more sustainable form.

17.
Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism ; 38(41), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1907345

ABSTRACT

Ecotourism is a potential lever for sustainable development, but common standards and approaches lack to manage and monitor the impact of defined packages on natural resources and local communities. A customized version of Ecological Footprint Accounting is evaluated here to assess its usefulness as analytical tool to quantitatively analyse the environmental pressures associated with ecotourism packages developed in and around Protected Areas in the Mediterranean Region. Within the framework of the EU-funded DestiMED project, a bottom-up, participatory approach was developed for managing and monitoring 13 ecotourism packages by involving local tourism stakeholders and service providers. The application of Ecological Footprint Accounting relied on data sourced from local service providers to complement existing statistics and datasets, and was used in an empirical iterative process to provide local tourism stakeholders with recommendations to guide them in the management of a low-impact tourism offer. International travel to and from the 13 destinations was found to place a Footprint on the environment - mainly because of carbon emissions - higher than that of the entire stay at destination. Footprint results of the packages revealed some overlooked tourism's impacts on ecosystems due to unexpected drivers, such as the Food & Drink services offered to tourists at destination. Results indicate that managing tourism product development at destination, and investing in providing knowledge on the principles of sustainability, could lower ecotourism's impacts whilst contributing to building resilience and aiding the post-COVID recovery of destinations. Management implications: This article tested the applicability and usefulness of Ecological Footprint Accounting (EFA) to assess ecotourism packages developed in and around Protected Areas (PAs) across the Mediterranean Region. A customized version of Ecological Footprint Accounting is suitable for managers and can be used to quantitatively assess the multiple pressures of the activities included in ecotourism packages through a bottom up approach. This innovative monitoring process typically fosters the engagement with the local service providers, which is key for a sustainability monitoring of the touristic offer. Applied to ecotourism packages, EFA allows identifying the main ecosystems under pressure as well as the main drivers causing such pressures. This information is useful to understand the actual impacts caused by the packages offered in their territory, and - when combined with tangible recommendations for improvements - to help adjust the services offered in the packages to possibly reduce environmental impacts.

18.
Indian Journal of Applied Hospitality & Tourism Research ; 14:33-44, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1905435

ABSTRACT

The extremely infectious Covid-19 pandemic, which began in China in November 2019, quickly spread around the globe, causing a pandemic (Andrews, Areekal, 2020). Several nations and regions have quarantines, entrance bans, or other restrictions in place for residents or recent visitors of the most afflicted areas. Other governments and destinations have established worldwide travel restrictions that apply to all foreign countries and territories. The limitations, along with a reduced propensity to travel (C. Huang, Y. Wang, 2021), have harmed the tourism industry in those areas. Long-term effects may include less business travel and international conferencing, and more virtual, online conferencing. Travel restrictions to control COVID-19 have been questioned. The tourist and hotel business has been struck hard by the coronavirus outbreak. Sports and leisure activity providers as well as connected suppliers and service organisations had to fully cease operations. Getting back to normal won't be as quick for the enterprises who had to shut down so quickly. As a result, the industry has a particularly difficult challenge, (Khan, K., Arino, J, 2021) which is also its big opportunity: with a streamlined but well-considered offering, it can meet the required hygiene guidelines while also positioning itself as more climate-aware, therefore taking tourism to a new, sustainable level. The article explores the pandemic's effect on local tourist stakeholders and collects regulations enacted during and after the outbreak.

19.
Indian Journal of Applied Hospitality & Tourism Research ; 13:64-70, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1905250

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 Pandemic has been still in the spread of the global effect and that is leading to an ongoing process in the lives of million people. The Corona Virus is a contagious disease which spreads through being in the contact of an infectious person. This disease is caused by the SARS-COV2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2). Although, many research studies have gone through the impact of Corona Virus on performance of Hospitality sector as well as on the performance of people and number of suggestions have been made to reignite the Hospitality sector that made the sector to have a re-look strategy. Hospitality is a sector which deals with a perspective of offering satisfied level of attractive services in various areas including accommodation and travel. Hospitality industry is being a very sensitive industry among other industries and that is the reason this industry takes an effect of loss in huge masses. The COVID-19 Pandemic have made a downfall to the economy of the Hospitality industry specially on the food, cuisines, and beverages service areas. The study aims to reignite the Hospitality - Culinary area along to the effect of increasing the economy of the sector. The study finds out the effect of food, cuisine and beverage service on public masses using the structure of safety and security aftermath COVID-19. The methodology of the study will be implied on the basis of sample choosing, approach selection for the study, and performing analysis of the data which will be collected from the views of industrial hotelier professional respondents. The entire study will focus on re-building the Culinary and Beverage area in the minds of public masses post COVID-19.

20.
Indian Journal of Applied Hospitality & Tourism Research ; 13:17-22, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904404

ABSTRACT

Tourism is a booming industry all over the globe. It is known to uplift rural population. As protected areas are located in rural areas, the local communities have been experiencing an increasing flow of tourists over the years. This has made tourism a suitable career choice for local's livelihood. India is rich in flora and fauna which are spread all over the country. Among various sites, Sunderbans Tiger Reserve is a location with a global significance which is a huge attraction point for tourists from all over the globe. The reserve is densely packed with mangrove forest where there is a tiger habitat;making is one of a kind destination. This paper studies the impact of tourism on the local community of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve. The data was collected through a non-probability convenient sampling method with the help of a structured questionnaire followed by an interview from 100 local residents living in the surrounding land of the reserve in November 2020. The Cronbach's Alpha test was applied to check the reliability and the result suggesting that the data is reliable. Descriptive statistics are applied to evaluate the impact of tourism on the local community and the Kruskal - Wallis H-test is applied to calculate the difference between the impact and gender perception. The findings of the study show that the local community is experiencing both a positive and negative impact of tourism in the study site, hence making the impact neutral in nature but there is no statistically significant difference between gender and the impact of tourism. The covid-19 pandemic has also made a significant impact on the tourism industry all over the world, hence highlighting its importance for local community development in rural areas.

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