Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 389
Filter
1.
The Library Quarterly ; JOUR(4):388-404, 92.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2087677

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has changed the behavior of consumers of all services, including public library readers, related to the unavailability of services during lockdown periods and other restrictions precluding physical presence in the library. The aim of this case study was to learn what effects the COVID-19 pandemic had on e-book readers and their behavior. This article presents the results of the analysis of data from empirical surveys undertaken in August 2019 and August 2020 in the Municipal Library in Prague (Czech Republic). Findings revealed that readers do not prefer e-books due to the pandemic situation. Paper book preferences still prevail. The results show that the pandemic slightly adjusted the preference of book genres. The pandemic did not change readers’ willingness to pay for library services but rather forced public libraries to adjust their service offerings and distribution channels.

2.
Library Management ; 43(6/7):401-414, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2078135

ABSTRACT

Purpose>During the COVID-19 pandemic, in order to prevent the spread of disease, the National Library of Indonesia Cataloging Department adopted remote working. There is a need to examine the productivity of remote cataloging as this form of cataloging becomes more prevalent.Design/methodology/approach>The study was conducted using a mixed methods approach. The authors analyzed data to assess cataloging librarians' productivity based on system logs. Then, the authors interviewed librarians to understand librarians' perspectives concerning productivity and remote cataloging, and also to seek insights into factors that may affect productivity while working remotely.Findings>The analysis found higher productivity in terms of quantity of cataloging. Librarians' productivity during remote cataloging is not statistically related to individual factors of age, years of experience, or gender. The in-depth interviews found that other factors may hinder the quality and quantity of the remote cataloging, including the working environment, infrastructure, and lack of policies on remote working.Research limitations/implications>The findings were based on a study conducted in the National Library of Indonesia, which may not apply to libraries with different infrastructures or existing policies in remote cataloging. However, the authors identified numerous factors that could be related to remote cataloging productivity. More work needs to be done to identify these factors that impact productivity by conducting further surveys.Practical implications>The research provides evidence showing the productivity of cataloging can be higher in remote working mode. The study provides insights for library managers to decide whether to implement remote cataloging and what additional perspectives could be considered for the better implementation of remote cataloging.Originality/value>The gap in the literature about remote cataloging and productivity has been bridged.

3.
Technical Services Quarterly ; 39(4):472-474, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2077336

ABSTRACT

To provide guidance on reopening a library, the American Library Association (ALA) offers a variety of guidance to catalogers and other library personnel through its COVID-19 Recovery website.

4.
Technical Services Quarterly ; 39(4):412-427, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2077335

ABSTRACT

59 academic technical services librarians were surveyed about the state of their approval plans in the wake of the collections and acquisitions challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. 40 responded, with a majority indicating a move away from print auto-shipments and toward e-preferred collection models. Libraries that continued to receive print auto-shipments tended to favor narrow, targeted profiles, such as faculty publications, international plans, best-sellers and award winners. Every response qualified as a movement away from print auto-shipments as an acquisitions strategy, even in cases where approval plans were maintained or, in one case, initiated for the first time.

5.
Webology ; 19(5):29-42, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058397

ABSTRACT

A descriptive study with a quantitative approach and cross-sectional design, whose purpose was to determine the perception and self-perception of a teacher group's vocal conditions from an Official Educational Institution from the Department of Sucre in Colombia. The population consisted of 80 teachers aged between 25 and 70 years, to whom the evaluative guidelines survey for organizational factors and vocal hygiene, vocal fatigue self-perception. It starts from A and B, adapted by López and Yévenez (2018) was applied. ) and the RASAT perceptual evaluation scale proposed by Rebelo and Pontes (2002). The Epi Info 7.1.5.2 statistical package was used for data coding. The results showed an average workload of 28.72 hours per week in organizational factors terms. With a high student rate in the classroom. It oscillates in a range of 27 to 40 students. This situation generates a greater exposure time due to the prolonged use of the voice, adding to this a higher voice volume, causing greater muscular and vocal overload. Additionally, the findings in the medical history refer more frequently to gastroesophageal reflux and upper respiratory tract diseases of allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and laryngopharyngitis which can increase vocal signs and symptoms. Regarding the behavior that contributes to tissue injuries in the larynx, a high percentage was evidenced in the habit of drinking coffee and sudden changes in temperature. As well, the students report being exposed to noisy environments and speaking in an inappropriate voice tone. In the description of vocal fatigue self-perception, they feel improvement in their voice after having rested and consider that in the presence of hoarseness their voice improves with rest. In addition, they self-perceive discomfort in the neck when speaking, weak voice, sore throat, vocal effort, hoarse voice, and poor projection due to the use of the mask. In relation to vocal condition perception, they show greater affectation in the moderate category in the parameters of hoarseness, roughness, and tension, after prolonged masks use. In conclusion, the use of the mask denotes changes in the vocal quality of those who wear it, which in the long term could generate vocal dysfunctions or dysphonia.

6.
Webology ; 19(5):209-219, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058368

ABSTRACT

March 2020 saw South Africa go through its first 21-day lockdown, and fear gripped the country as a new virus identified as COVID-19 caused a devastating impact throughout the world. During this time, history played the devils advocate by reminding society of the previous flu known as the 1919 Spanish flu, which saw millions of people succumb to its prowess. To a large extent, social media enabled a confused and saddened society to be connected. Besides essential services, all other sectors of the economy were instantly shut down. Social media became societys lifeline during COVID-19 as it abled them to remain connected. One could say that social media became societys life support in these uncertain times. A forwarded message does not declare the original sender nor restricts who the next receiver could be. Businesses were also able to function by using social media to the point that people could now buy everything virtually from a store without going to a store. Social media could not replace all essential functions, but it helped provide a sustainable bridge for postlockdown. Certain sectors of the economy, which dealt with production etc., experienced the full brunt of the lockdown. Artisans and artists lost a platform to showcase their talent and display their trade, leading to a loss of income. Education Institutions had some forms of online platforms which were used;however, distance learning was implemented overnight through the use of online mediums. While Moodle is a required platform used by many higher education institutions, other online platforms are also used. This paper describes the use of WhatsApp as an online medium providing higher education institutions with a lifeline by keeping them connected during COVID-19. For this paper, the author uses the Shannon and Weaver Model of Communication which looks at the sender and receiver and the medium used to disseminate information. The senders and receivers are students, lecturers, administration staff, and management. Content analyses were used as part of the research methodology for this paper.

7.
Webology ; 19(5):220-227, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057922

ABSTRACT

Computing tools applied in power systems are increasingly used to solve complex optimization problems. Power system operations research has become essential for graduate and final-year undergraduate students who want to improve their knowledge in this area. This study proposes a solution for a group of boilers and turbines to minimize operating costs using GUSEK software. The execution of the model allows us to obtain the optimal solution with the operational constraints involved and the possibility of improving with metaheuristic algorithms.

8.
Webology ; 19(5):336-343, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057485

ABSTRACT

A study of the non-parametric survival model (Kaplan-Meier) and the semi-parametric Cox Regression model. From the practical side, it was found that the effect of the change of age by (3.483) when the patient's age was transferred from one age group to another on the estimation of the survival function by semi-parametric method using the (Cox Regression) model. From the comparison between the models of survival (nonparametric, semi-parametric) from the mean squares of relative error (RMSE) statistics, it was found that the best model for estimating the survival function is the nonparametric model (Kaplan-Meier). The study came out with several results, the most important of which is that by estimating the survival function by the nonparametric method (Kaplan-Meier), it is possible to obtain the lowest cumulative risk rate for each survival time. This means that the probability of the patient staying in the time period (t) increases and that the risk rate is affected by the change in the patient's age and duration of stay when estimating the survival and cumulative risks by the semi-parametric method (Cox Regerssion).

9.
Library Philosophy and Practice ; : 1-11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057412

ABSTRACT

Background: Medical librarians support curriculum and research by delivering appropriate and high-quality information and facilities to students and faculty members. COVID-19 pandemic disrupted physical teaching and learning worldwide endorsing virtual education which was supported by digital information resources. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of utilization of physical and digital learning resources along with customer satisfaction in a health science library before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: An online self-administered questionnaire was administered using Microsoft Forms to students and faculty members. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 24. Qualitative variables were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. A Chi-square test was carried out to compare customers' satisfaction with the utilization of information resources before and during the pandemic. A p-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: A total of 230 participants were included in the study. The library was visited by 18.7% and 26.1% of customers daily, and weekly respectively before the COVID-19 pandemic. However, none of them used the library daily during a pandemic, while digital library usage increased during this time. A significant reduction in the level of customers' satisfaction was observed with the physical library services in coronavirus outbreaks compared to satisfaction before the pandemic, p=0.028. Participants were satisfied with the utilization of digital library services during the pandemic compared to the prepandemic period, p= 0.024. Conclusion: The use of digital libraries surged during the pandemic resulting in a rapid adaptation of electronic books and journals. Librarians' have played a vital role in the current catastrophe by improving awareness of stakeholders regarding e-resources.

10.
Knjiznica ; 65(3/4):75-95, 2021.
Article in Slovenian | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057244

ABSTRACT

Namen: Preučevanje prispevka žensk v znanosti in visokem šolstvu lahko zagotovi vpogled v razlike med spoloma v znanstveno-raziskovalni dejavnosti in posledično neravnovesje med spoloma. Ugotavljanje razlik med spoloma spodbujajo številne študije, ki preučujejo različne vidike neenakosti spolov. Enega izmed načinov ugotavljanja razlik med spoloma predstavlja bibliometrična analiza znanstvenih objav z uporabo različnih bibliometričnih kazalnikov, ki jo predstavljamo v prispevku. Metodologija/pristop: Bibliometrična študija je bila izvedena v obdobju od septembra do novembra 2021 na podlagi izpisov iz Informacijskega sistema o raziskovalni dejavnosti v Sloveniji (tj. SICRIS-a) raziskovalne organizacije Filozofska fakulteta Univerze v Ljubljani (FF UL), za obdobje od 2018. do 2020. leta. Bibliografske kazalce raziskovalne uspešnosti za tri raziskovalna obdobja smo analizirali glede na avtorske položaje in dimenzijo spola. Rezultati: Bibliometrična študija raziskuje produktivnost in trend ženskih objav na FF UL v odnosu do moške produktivnosti, obseg znanstvenega sodelovanja ter produkcijo objav glede na spol in zaposlitveno strukturo na FF UL. Opažamo pozitiven trend ženskih objav za obdobje 2018-2020, tako z vidika avtorskih kot tudi večavtorskih objav, posebno plodno je bilo covidno leto. Z vidika zaposlitvene strukture na FF UL beležimo manjši delež ženskih objav v primerjavi z moškimi objavami in raziskujemo potencialne vzroke. Omejitve raziskave: Raziskavo smo omejili na tri raziskovalna leta, in sicer od 2018. do 2020. leta, saj bi bila sicer analiza znanstvenih objav glede na spol preobsežna in dolgotrajna. V raziskavo nismo vključili primerjalnih študij, saj v sklopu Univerze v Ljubljani in v širšem slovenskem okolju nismo našli relevantnih. Izvirnost/uporabnost raziskave: V slovenskem prostoru ni opaziti tovrstnih bibliometričnih analiz skozi dimenzijo spola. Rezultati so lahko izhodišče za nadaljnje analize spola glede na znanstveno produkcijo na Filozofski fakulteti ter za nadaljnje primerjalne študije v okviru Univerze v Ljubljani oz. širše, znotraj humanističnih, umetnostnih in družboslovnih ved.Alternate :Purpose: Studying the contribution of women in science and higher education can provide insight into gender differences in research and the consequent gender imbalance. Gender differences are encouraged by a number of studies examining various aspects of gender inequality. One of the ways to determine gender differences is bibliometric analysis of scientific publications using various bibliometric indicators, which we present in this paper. Methodology/approach: The bibliometric study was conducted in the period from September to November 2021 on the basis of extracts from the Information System on Research Activity in Slovenia (ie Sicris) of the research organization Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana (FF UL) for the period from 2018 to 2020. Scientific contributions for all three research periods were analyzed according to the authorship positions and the gender dimension. Results: The bibliometric study investigates the production and trend of women's publications at the FF UL in relation to men's production;the scope of scientific cooperation and the production of publications by gender and employment structure at the Faculty of Arts. We observe a positive trend of women's publications for the period 2018-2020, both in terms of authorial and multi-author publications, especially fruitful was Covid-19 year. From the point of view of the employment structure at the FF UL, we record a smaller share of women's publications compared to men's publications, and we investigate possible causes. Research limitations: We limited the research to three research years, from 2018 to 2020, as otherwise the analysis of scientific publications by gender would be too extensive and time-consuming. We did not include comparative studies in the research, as we did not find relevant ones within the University of Ljubljana and the wider Slovenian environment. Origina it /practical implications: There are no such bibliometric analyses of scientific publications through the gender dimension in the Slovenian academic space. The results can be the starting point for further gender analysis in scientific research at the Faculty of Arts and more broadly within the University of Ljubljana and the Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences.

11.
Information Technology and Libraries (Online) ; 41(3):1-13, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056204

ABSTRACT

Our small community college library developed a learning object repository to support a cross- institutional, land-based, multidisciplinary academic initiative using the open-source platform Omeka S. Drawing on critical, feminist, and open practices, we document the relational labor, dialogue, and tensions involved with this open education project. This case study shares our experience with tools and processes that may be helpful for other small-scale open education initiatives, including user-centered iterative design, copyright education, metadata design, and user- interface development in Omeka S.

12.
Information Technology and Libraries (Online) ; 41(3):1-23, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056203

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we present findings from a three-year research project funded by the US Institute of Museum and Library Services that examined how advanced broadband measurement capabilities can support the infrastructure and services needed to respond to the digital demands of public library users across the US. Previous studies have identified the ongoing broadband challenges of public libraries while also highlighting the increasing digital expectations of their patrons. However, few large-scale research efforts have collected automated, longitudinal measurement data on library broadband speeds and quality of service at a local, granular level inside public libraries over time, including when buildings are closed. This research seeks to address this gap in the literature through the following research question: How can public libraries utilize broadband measurement tools to develop a better understanding of the broadband speeds and quality of service that public libraries receive? In response, quantitative measurement data were gathered from an open-source broadband measurement system that was both developed for the research and deployed at 30 public libraries across the US. Findings from our analysis of the data revealed that Ookla measurements over time can confirm when the library's internet connection matches expected service levels and when they do not. When measurements are not consistent with expected service levels, libraries can observe the differences and correlate this with additional local information about the causes. Ongoing measurements conducted by the library enable local control and monitoring of this vital service and support critique and interrogation of the differences between internet measurement platforms. In addition, we learned that speed tests are useful for examining these trends but are only a small part of assessing an internet connection and how well it can be used for specific purposes. These findings have implications for state library agencies and federal policymakers interested in having access to data on observed versus advertised speeds and quality of service of public library broadband connections nationwide.

13.
Data Technologies and Applications ; 56(4):626-643, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2037645

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This research aims to collect human body variables via 2D images captured by digital cameras. Based on those human variables, the forecast and recommendation of the Digital Camouflage Uniforms (DCU) for Taiwan's military personnel are made.Design/methodology/approach>A total of 375 subjects are recruited (male: 253;female: 122). In this study, OpenPose converts the photographed 2D images into four body variables, which are compared with those of a tape measure and 3D scanning simultaneously. Then, the recommendation model of the DCU is built by the decision tree. Meanwhile, the Euclidean distance of each size of the DCU in the manufacturing specification is calculated as the best three recommendations.Findings>The recommended size established by the decision tree is only 0.62 and 0.63. However, for the recommendation result of the best three options, the DCU Fitting Score can be as high as 0.8 or more. The results of OpenPose and 3D scanning have the highest correlation coefficient even though the method of measuring body size is different. This result confirms that OpenPose has significant measurement validity. That is, inexpensive equipment can be used to obtain reasonable results.Originality/value>In general, the method proposed in this study is suitable for applications in e-commerce and the apparel industry in a long-distance, non-contact and non-pre-labeled manner when the world is facing Covid-19. In particular, it can reduce the measurement troubles of ordinary users when purchasing clothing online.

14.
Information, Medium and Society ; 19(2):27-41, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030495

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 (2019–) appears to have accelerated the transition of movable books from ubiquitous multimodal learning tools into artifacts and artworks, exhibited in museums and galleries. In their place, children are embracing interactive digital books. Whether they offer the same pedological value as their material counterparts remains a point of contention amongst early childhood educators. Both movable books and computers, evolved from volvelles. The devices, constructed using cut paper, emerged in Europe during the thirteenth century. Like papermaking, the technology had precedents in the orient. Their establishment in Europe coincided with The Black Plague (c.1346–1351). This article examines the inclusion or omission of papercuts in books, in relation to the broader application of papercutting within their respective communities. Primary and secondary sources were examined from Europe between the thirteenth and nineteenth centuries, from the United States during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries and from China between the nineth and twentieth centuries. Reference is also made to recent exhibitions featuring artist books and papercuts in in the museum and galleries sectors of Australia, the US, Asia, and Europe.

15.
Aslib Journal of Information Management ; 74(5):782-800, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2018434

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This study aims to identify the challenges in the healthcare industry as it adopts an omnichannel setup in an emerging economy context. Further, the study determines the scope of blockchain in addressing these challenges.Design/methodology/approach>The study uses a qualitative approach to understand the challenges in the omnichannel healthcare industry and know the scope of blockchain in building an omnichannel healthcare system. In the first stage, it did an in-depth analysis of the extant literature, followed by a Delphi study with 24 healthcare experts.Findings>The study presents the current challenges in the omnichannel healthcare sector in an emerging economy. Further, it develops a novel conceptual framework for blockchain adoption in the omnichannel healthcare industry. The study also presents propositions that will help healthcare service providers enhance decision-making concerning the adoption of blockchain in the healthcare industry.Research limitations/implications>The research results may lack generalizability due to the exploratory approach and emerging economies context. Theoretically, in this study, the authors extend the theory of swift trust and organization information processing theory in an omnichannel healthcare context.Practical implications>The propositions provided in this paper can help healthcare managers make strategic decisions on the scope of adoption of blockchain for omnichannel healthcare.Originality/value>This study explores the understudied area of challenges in omnichannel healthcare and the scope of blockchain for omnichannel healthcare in an emerging economy context.

16.
Aslib Journal of Information Management ; 74(5):801-817, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2018433

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Cyberchondria refers to the repeated and excessive search for health-related information online, associated with increased health anxiety. This paper utilizes the protection motivation theory to investigate the negative behavioral consequences of cyberchondria that pose health risks to users, such as trust in the physician, propensity to self-medicate, and therapy compliance.Design/methodology/approach>The data for the study were collected from a sample of 317 participants in India using an online survey and form. The analysis was conducted using structural equation modeling.Findings>Cyberchondria negatively affects the trust in physician and positively affects the propensity to self-medicate. Trust in physician negatively affects the propensity to self-medicate and positively affects therapy compliance. Furthermore, trust in physician partially mediates the relationship between cyberchondria and the propensity to self-medicate and completely mediates the relationship between cyberchondria and therapy compliance. Cyberchondria has no direct significant effect on therapy compliance.Research limitations/implications>Researchers need to examine other behavioral or psychological factors affected by the reduced trust in physicians due to cyberchondria.Practical implications>Physicians and health care providers should refocus on patients with cyberchondria and regain their trust through quality interactions and services. Policymakers may consider regulating online health information publication to set the standards of information quality and source. Websites and platforms publishing health information online should distinctly label verified information.Originality/value>This study investigates the damaging effects of cyberchondria's behavioral consequences that pose health risks to users.

17.
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research ; 17(1):1-23, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002756

ABSTRACT

En s'appuyant sur des recherches sur l'économie politique des industries de la musique, sur des entrevues avec des musiciens indépendants sur leurs expériences vécues et sur l'expérience des auteurs qui ont participé à des consultations gouvernementales sur le droit d'auteur au Canada, cet article examine comment le pouvoir de marché des grandes entreprises de musique et leur mainmise sur le processus d'élaboration des politiques par le biais du lobbying ont fait de la réforme du droit d'auteur une approche extrêmement limitée pour remédier aux diverses difficultés auxquelles sont confrontés les musiciens à l'ère des médias en continu. Contre la consolidation et la concentration continues du pouvoir au sein des industries de la musique, nous explorons une étude de cas de Capital City Records de la bibliothèque publique d'Edmonton comme un modèle alternatif qui peut servir d'inspiration pour d'autres initiatives qui défendent les artistes et les utilisateurs. Nous terminons en discutant d'un modèle de gouvernance et d'infrastructure publique basé sur la notion de carrefour qui pourrait servir d'outil pour contourner les dynamiques de pouvoir inégales dans les industries de la musique, faciliter le renforcement des communautés musicales et fournir des moyens de subsistance durables aux musiciens actifs au Canada.Alternate :Using research on the political economy of the music industries, interviews with independent musicians about their lived experiences, and the authors' experience participating in government copyright consultations in Canada, this article discusses how the market power of major music companies and their capture of the policy-making process through lobbying has made copyright reform an extremely limited avenue for remedying the variety of hardships facing musicians in the streaming media era. Against the continued consolidation and concentration of power within the music industries, we explore a case study of Edmonton Public Library's Capital City Records as an alternative model that may inspire further initiatives that advocate for artists and users. We conclude by discussing a commons-based, public-infrastructure and governance model that could serve as a tool to circumvent uneven power dynamics in the music industries, facilitate stronger music communities, and maintain sustainable livelihoods for working musicians in Canada.

18.
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research ; 17(1):1-21, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002755

ABSTRACT

Bien qu'il soit essentiel pour les bibliothèques de respecter les normes d'accessibilité en ligne (par exemple, les Règles pour l'accessibilité des contenus Web 2.0), la conformité avec ces normes techniques ne garantit pas des expériences optimales ou équitables pour tous les utilisateurs des bibliothèques qui interagissent avec des espaces et des ressources en ligne. La littérature récente sur les tests d'accessibilité a reconnu l'importance d'inclure des personnes handicapées lors de l'évaluation et la conception d'objets et d'espaces numériques. Cette notion est en lien avec le principe de l'expérience utilisateur (EU) des bibliothèques où le fait de parler directement avec les utilisateurs de leurs expériences d'utilisation des services et ressources de la bibliothèque constitue le moyen le plus efficace de comprendre et donc d'améliorer l'expérience globale des bibliothèques. En 2020, le groupe de l'EU des bibliothèques de l'Université Western a lancé un essai pilote de tests d'accessibilité pour planifier, concevoir et réaliser des tests d'accessibilité participatifs avec les membres de la communauté universitaire qui s'étaient identifiés comme vivant avec un handicap. Trois tests d'accessibilité ont été conçus pour évaluer cinq objets numériques uniques et 14 sessions d'évaluation ont été réalisées avec huit participants. Une méthode d'évaluation participative et semi-dirigée a permis aux participants d'interagir librement avec les objets, de fournir des commentaires détaillés sur leur expérience en utilisant ces objets et de suggérer des améliorations aux éléments qu'ils trouvaient moins accessibles. Cet article comprend un survol des facteurs à considérer et des défis de l'initiative ainsi que les leçons tirées du processus d'obtention du financement, du recrutement des participants, de la conception des tests et de leur mise en oeuvre. Nous réfléchissons sur la valeur des tests d'accessibilité participatifs et faisons des recommandations sur la manière de mener des projets similaires dans d'autres bibliothèques.Alternate :Although it is crucial for libraries to meet required online accessibility standards (e.g., Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0), compliance with these technical standards does not guarantee optimal or equitable experiences for all library users who interact with online spaces or materials. Recent literature on accessibility testing has acknowledged the value of including people with disabilities in testing and designing digital objects and spaces. This thinking aligns with the library-based user experience (UX) principle that talking directly to users about their experiences using library services and resources is the most effective way to understand and thereby improve the overall library experience. In 2020, the UX Group at Western Libraries undertook a pilot accessibility testing initiative to plan, design, and deliver participatory accessibility testing with campus community members who had self-identified as living with a range of disabilities. Three accessibility tests were designed to assess five distinct digital objects, and 14 testing sessions were completed with eight participants. A semistructured and participatory testing method allowed participants to freely interact with the testing objects, provide detailed feedback regarding their experiences using the objects, and recommend improvements to elements they found less accessible. This article includes an overview of considerations and challenges of the initiative as well as lessons learned in the process of securing funding, recruiting participants, designing the tests, and conducting testing. We reflect on the value of participatory accessibility testing and make recommendations for conducting similar projects at other libraries.

19.
Em Questão ; 28(3):116919, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2002729

ABSTRACT

Neste artigo propomos uma reflexão crítica à luz do capitalismo de plataformas sobre as ações realizadas pelo Twitter para combater a desinformação durante a pandemia da Covid-19. Para isso, contextualizamos o fenômeno da desinformação nesse período e realizamos um estudo de caso a partir de pesquisa documental das atividades do Twitter. Destacamos que a estratégia de enfrentamento da plataforma se baseia em duas perspectivas principais: frear informações enganosas por meio de moderação de conteúdo e fornecer informações seguras. Por fim, tensionamos as propostas, apontando o perigo de um solucionismo algorítmico e a limitação de algumas ações da plataforma.Alternate : In this article, we propose a critical reflection in the light of platform capitalism on the actions taken by Twitter to combat misinformation during the Covid-19 pandemic. For this, we contextualized the phenomenon of disinformation and the pandemic, and carried out a case study based on documentary research of the platform’s activities. We emphasize that the platform's coping strategy is based on two main perspectives: stopping misleading information through content moderation and providing secure information. Finally, we tensioned the proposals, pointing out the danger of an algorithmic solutionism and the limitation of some platform actions.

20.
Library Hi Tech ; 40(4):1013-1030, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1992544

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper attempts to provide significant information on the increased growth of literature of chatbots and virtual assistants. Technological changes are dynamic and keep changing at regular intervals. Therefore, it becomes highly crucial to review the performance of chatbots and virtual assistants. This paper aims to review the literature by eminent researchers in the form of authors, keywords and major contributing organizations.Design/methodology/approach>Systematic literature review and bibliometric analysis is used to analyze the growth of literature on chatbots. A sum of articles has been extracted from Scopus database with selected keywords and with certain filters. VOSviewer software is used for analysis of data. A total of 130 documents are extracted from Scopus database from 2017 to 2021 (31st August).Findings>This study provides a significant contribution to an existing literature and provides the understanding of research in the area of chatbots and virtual assistants. The authors with maximum number of citations are Yan, Zaho, Bengio, Weizenbaum, Song, Zhou and Maedche with jointly 180 citations. Research is been contributed by different countries where the United States is the country with highest number of documents published. The United States contributes 17% of the total production in the area of chatbots and virtual assistants. The analysis shows that the area is gaining momentum as contribution in this area is been increasing in last few years.Research limitations/implications>The study shows that several branches of chatbots are also in mainstream like natural language processing, e-learning, behavioural research, conversational agents, virtual assistants, human–computer interaction, natural language and so on. It provides a wider scope to authors and researchers to gain useful insights. The bibliometric study will provide a broader spectrum in this area.Social implications>The developments in technology and also the effect of COVID-19 pandemic is boosting the adoption of technology in different sectors. Deployment of technology will uplift the economy and social infrastructure. Society can avail different services from their comfort area and also in real time. This will help in reducing wastage of resources like people visiting offices for routine jobs which can be easily availed from their workplace. Society may access better services without much human interaction.Originality/value>This paper adds significant contribution to the existing literature by analysing the published papers from Scopus database. The study contains new and significant information as this study covers all industries where chatbots and virtual assistants are being applied whereas in previous literature only specific industry has been taken into consideration.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL