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1.
Revista de Derecho Politico ; - (115):171-204, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2202976

ABSTRACT

The requirement of the COVID-19 certificate by the regional Ministries of Health generalised in December 2021 to access leisure, catering and socio-healthcare establishments as an instrument to contain the pandemic and encourage vaccination limits, among others, the following fundamental rights: equality, physical integrity, privacy, freedom of movement and free enterprise. Given its novelty the literature on the topic is still in its infancy. This work analyses the legal basis of this instrument to establish such limitations, its proportionality and the constitutionality of the measure as a nudge to promote vaccination taking into account its real effectiveness and safety. The study concludes evaluating the general COVID-19 vaccination campaign's constitutionality. © 2022 Universidad Nacional de Educacion a Distancia. All rights reserved.

2.
Studia z Prawa Wyznaniowego ; 24:255-278, 2021.
Article in Polish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2156142

ABSTRACT

The threat posed by the spread of coronavirus in Poland resulted in the introduction of the state of epidemic emergency for the whole country in March 2020, subsequently followed by the state of epidemic. The competent state authorities have introduced numerous limitations on individual human rights and freedoms, including limitations on the freedom to manifest religion. The Polish legislator laid down the principles for permissible limitations on this freedom in Articles 31(3) and 53(5) of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. In accordance with the constitutional provisions, such limitations may only be introduced by statutory acts and in situations when they are necessary in a democratic society for the protection of specially protected goods. They must be proportionate so as not to impair the very essence of the right being limited. The introduced limitations on participating in and performing religious worship raise doubts as to their legality and constitutionality. The epidemic threat justifies taking action by competent state authorities to ensure safety. However, state authorities should act on the basis and within the limits of the law. The constitutional provisions do not leave any room for discretion as regards the possibility of introducing limitations on human rights and freedoms, including the right to freedom of religion. © 2021, John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin. All rights reserved.

3.
Revista Conrado ; 18:112-119, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2147754

ABSTRACT

E-learning has shown promising results during criti-cal circumstances such as natural disasters, wars, and pandemics like COVID 2019. Reliable, fair, and smooth execution of online exams in an e-learning model is very important. Online exams are taken on e-learning platforms without the physical presence of students and instructors in the same place. This rai-ses several issues like integrity and security during online exams. This research is focused on analyzing the techniques and tools for conducting virtual tests in an electronic learning model, which allow reducing the deficiencies and irregularities that have been re -ported by academic researchers in the virtual exam process. The study concludes that University pro-fessionals feel comfortable implementing e-learning as it provides opportunities to improve learning and increase the technological skills of teachers and students. However, they present greater difficulties when it comes to selecting and using tools for virtual testing in an e-learning model.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 966632, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109786

ABSTRACT

Background: Although several studies have assessed the safety, efficacy, and effectiveness of interventions in treating the COVID-19, many of them have limitations that can have an immense impact on their results. This study aims to assess the potential limitations in systematic reviews (SRs) that evaluate the effect of interventions on the treatment of the COVID-19. Methods: PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Sciences (WOS) databases were searched from inception to January 1, 2022. All systematic reviews investigated the effectiveness, efficacy, safety, and outcome of the main intervention (Favipiravir, Remdesivir, Hydroxychloroquine, Ivermectin, Lopinavir/Ritonavir, or Tocilizumab) for the treatment of COVID-19 patients and reported the potential limitations of the included studies. We assessed the quality of the included studies using the Quality Assessment Tool (QAT) for review articles. We conducted a content analysis and prepared a narrative summary of the limitations. Results: Forty-six studies were included in this review. Ninety one percent of the included studies scored as strong quality and the remaining (9%) as moderate quality. Only 29.7% of the included systematic reviews have a registered protocol. 26% of the included studies mentioned a funding statement. The main limitations of the included studies were categorized in 10 domains: sample size, heterogeneity, follow-up, treatment, including studies, design, definitions, synthesis, quality, and search. Conclusion: Various limitations have been reported in all the included studies. Indeed, the existence of limitations in studies can affect their results, therefore, identifying these limitations can help researchers design better studies. As a result, stronger studies with more reliable results will be reported and disseminated. Further research on COVID-19 SRs is essential to improve research quality and also, efficiency among scientists across the world.

5.
J Clin Nurs ; 2022 Nov 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097823

ABSTRACT

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (a) to identify the communication issues and problems faced by individuals with hearing impairment (HI)/deafness during the COVID-19 pandemic and (b) to describe strategies to overcome the issues/problems and/or prevent their negative impact. BACKGROUND: Individuals with mild or severe HI face everyday communication problems, which have been worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, no studies have summarised the available evidence to better understand the communication challenges faced by them and strategies allowing better interactions. The long duration of the outbreak-more than 2 years, with policies that have just been lifted in some countries-and the possible return of restrictions in the next Winter suggest the need to summarise evidence in the field. DESIGN AND METHODS: A rapid review is reported here in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. Medline, CINAHL and Scopus databases were searched, including (a) primary or secondary studies published from January 2020 to 12 January 2022, (b) involving individuals with HI/deafness, (c) during the COVID-19 pandemic and (d) written in English. Data were extracted and summarised by using a content analysis approach. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No Patient or Public Contribution. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included as follows: three non-systematic reviews, seven cross-sectional, three quasi- experimental and one qualitative study, performed mainly in the US and the UK. Face mask covering use; physical and social distancing; and information, education, rehabilitation, and healthcare accessibility have emerged as the main challenges triggering consequences such as social isolation, loneliness, poor knowledge regarding the prevention and mental health issues. Strategies mitigating these challenges are as follows: (a) adopting transparent face masks, (b) using basic skills while interacting (e.g. maintaining eye contact), (c) improving the availability of sign language interpreters, (d) allowing the presence of family members and (e) teaching basics of sign language to healthcare professionals. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Individuals with HI/deafness live with several challenges, suggesting that their vulnerability has increased tremendously during the COVID-19 pandemic. The effectiveness of strategies to overcome these difficulties should be scrutinised by conducting more research. Moreover, there should be increased awareness among all citizens by equipping them with simple strategies to communicate effectively with individuals with HI, an approach that may increase inclusiveness and prevent further negative consequences and burden.

6.
1st IEEE IAS Global Conference on Emerging Technologies, GlobConET 2022 ; : 115-120, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2058828

ABSTRACT

LiDAR sensors are widely used in autonomous driving, mobile robotics, aerospace, manufacturing, and many other fields. The speed, reliability, and range of LiDAR sensors can be affected by environmental conditions and usage patterns. Each application requires a deep understanding of sensor limitations. This paper explores the operational parameters of one of the most miniature and least expensive LiDAR sensors packaged in a wearable case. The target application, in this case, is social distancing during pandemics. This study focuses on the performance of miniature LiDAR sensors under different levels of light intensity, temperature, distance to the object, object size, angle of view, and object color. The experimental data enables a match between the sensor capabilities and application scenarios and provides direction for future work in improving the wearable sensors of this class. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 2022 Sep 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2052708

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The presence of treatment limitations in patients with frailty at intensive care unit (ICU) admission is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the presence and predictors of treatment limitations in patients with and without COVID-19 pneumonitis in those admitted to Australian and New Zealand ICUs. METHODS: This registry-based multicenter, retrospective cohort study included all frail adults (≥16 years) with documented clinical frailty scale (CFS) scores, admitted to ICUs with admission diagnostic codes for viral pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) over 2 years between January 01, 2020 and December 31, 2021. Frail patients (CFS ≥5) coded as having viral pneumonitis or ARDS due to COVID-19 were compared to those with other causes of viral pneumonitis or ARDS for documented treatment limitations. RESULTS: 884 frail patients were included in the final analysis from 129 public and private ICUs. 369 patients (41.7%) had confirmed COVID-19. There were more male patients in COVID-19 (55.3% vs 47.0%; p = 0.015). There were no differences in age or APACHE-III scores between the two groups. Overall, 36.0% (318/884) had treatment limitations, but similar between the two groups (35.8% [132/369] vs 36.1% [186/515]; p = 0.92). After adjusting for confounders, increasing frailty (OR = 1.72; 95%-CI 1.39-2.14), age (OR = 1.05; 95%-CI 1.04-1.06), and presence of chronic respiratory condition (OR = 1.58; 95%-CI 1.10-2.27) increased the likelihood of instituting treatment limitations. However, the presence of COVID-19 by itself did not influence treatment limitations (odds ratio [OR] = 1.39; 95%-CI 0.98-1.96). CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of treatment limitations was similar in patients with frailty with or without COVID-19 pneumonitis at ICU admission.

8.
Psicoperspectivas ; 20(3):1-13, 2021.
Article in Spanish | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-2025058

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic and mandatory quarantine, people with high levels of economic limitations (NALE) were more vulnerable to the decrease in business activities. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to compare an Argentine sample of people with low levels of financial limitations (n=344) with another with NALE (n=109). Social support, some psychological symptoms, and several components related to contagion with COVID-19 were analyzed. The non-probabilistic sample was collected online, and the differences were calculated through multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that participants with NALE scored higher concerning symptoms and lower in relation to social support. The two exceptions consisted of psychoticism and the need for support, where no significant differences were found. It is concluded that, applying the multidimensional vision of social exclusion, the fact that no significant differences were found in relation to the need for support could be considered a key for future research and even public interventions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Spanish) Durante la pandemia del COVID-19 y la cuarentena obligatoria, las personas con niveles altos de limitaciones economicas (NALE) tenian mayor grado de vulnerabilidad ante la disminucion de las actividades comerciales. Por eso, el objetivo del presente estudio comprendio un estudio de diferencias de grupos entre una muestra argentina de personas con niveles bajos de limitaciones economicas (n=344) y otra con NALE (n=109). Para ello, se analizaron el apoyo social, determinados sintomas psicologicos y varios componentes relacionados al contagio con el COVID-19. La muestra no probabilistica se recogio por Internet y las diferencias se calcularon a traves del analisis multivariante de la varianza (MANOVA). Los resultados evidenciaron que los participantes con NALE puntuaron mas alto con respecto a los sintomas y mas bajo con relacion al apoyo social. Las dos excepciones consistian en el psicoticismo y la necesidad de apoyo, donde no se encontraron diferencias significativas. Se concluye que, aplicando la vision multidimensional de la exclusion social, el hecho que no se encontraron diferencias significativas con relacion a la necesidad de apoyo podria considerarse una clave para futuras investigaciones e incluso intervenciones publicas. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

9.
Anthropology in Action ; 27(1):46-52, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2022552

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus pandemic has made ethnographic fieldwork, as traditionally conceived in anthropology, temporarily impossible to conduct. Facing long-term limitations to mobility and physical contact, which will challenge our research practices for the foreseeable future, social anthropology has to adjust to these new circumstances. This article discusses and reflects on what digital ethnography can offer to researchers across the world, providing critical insight into the method and offering advice to beginners in the field. Last, but not least, the article introduces the phrase ‘anthropology from home’ to talk about research in the pandemic times – that is, geographically restricted but digitally enabled.

10.
Journal of Applied Research on Children ; 13(1), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2012733

ABSTRACT

Sleep is related to cognitive functioning, learning, and brain development in the adolescent population. Recent research indicates a rise in the presence of chronic sleep disorders such as insomnia in adolescents, particularly following the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, research on the effectiveness of sleep interventions for adolescents is necessary to guide treatment in adolescents. The authors conducted a systematic review of literature examining research on outcomes of treatment interventions for insomnia on sleep quality and cognitive functioning in adolescents. Results indicate a dearth of research examining effectiveness of treatment in adolescents, particularly in relation to the impact of such treatment on cognitive functioning in adolescents. The following paper provides a brief overview of existing research on treatment of insomnia or related problems including initiating, maintaining and awaking for adolescent populations with a focus on improvement of cognitive functioning within this population. The authors discuss existing barriers to research, emphasize the need to expand sleep research to include cognitive functioning outcomes, and inform best practices for treatment in adolescents following COVID-19. Lastly, the authors propose a call to action encouraging more widespread recognition of the need for research in this area. Key Take Away Points 24 out of 735 records identified through databases were screened for eligibility. The search and subsequent screening procedures outlined several limitations including a dearth of randomized clinical trials, RCTs assessing effectiveness of behavioral interventions specific to insomnia, adequate selection of cognitive functioning measures, sleep assessment measures and other study designs limitations. Only two records remained in the study with CBTi interventions and included objective measures specific for the assessment of insomnia and cognitive functioning. The two remaining studies reported changes in their interventions for working memory tasks;however, effect size and other study design limitations were reported. Barriers and considerations for the insomnia related symptoms and treatment continues to merit attention due to its impact for learning in adolescent population.

11.
Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed ; 2022 Sep 08.
Article in German | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2007119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, concerns were raised about sufficiency of available intensive care resources. In many places, routine interventions were postponed and criteria for the allocation of scarce resources were formulated. In Germany, some hospitals were at times seriously burdened during the course of the pandemic. Intensive care units in particular experienced a shortage of resources, which may have led to a restriction of services and a stricter indication setting for resource-intensive measures such as extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The aim of this work is to provide an overview of how these pressures were managed at large ECMO centers in Germany. METHODS: One representative of each major ECMO referral center in Germany was invited to participate in an online survey in spring 2021. RESULTS: Of 34 invitations that were sent out, the survey was answered by 23 participants. In all centers, routine procedures were postponed during the pandemic. Half of the centers increased the number of beds on which ECMO procedures could be offered. Nevertheless, in one-third of the centers, the start of at least one ECMO support was delayed because of a feared resource shortage. In 17% of centers, at least one patient was denied ECMO that he or she would have most likely received under prepandemic conditions. CONCLUSION: The results of this online survey indicate that the experienced pressures and resource constraints led some centers to be cautious about ECMO indications.

12.
Intensive Care Med ; 48(10): 1326-1337, 2022 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1982111

ABSTRACT

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly being used for patients with severe respiratory failure and has received particular attention during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Evidence from two key randomized controlled trials, a subsequent post hoc Bayesian analysis, and meta-analyses support the interpretation of a benefit of ECMO in combination with ultra-lung-protective ventilation for select patients with very severe forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). During the pandemic, new evidence has emerged helping to better define the role of ECMO for patients with COVID-19. Results from large cohorts suggest outcomes during the first wave of the pandemic were similar to those in non-COVID-19 cohorts. As the pandemic continued, mortality of patients supported with ECMO has increased. However, the precise reasons for this observation are unclear. Known risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients are higher patient age, concomitant extra-pulmonary organ failures or malignancies, prolonged mechanical ventilation before ECMO, less experienced treatment teams and lower ECMO caseloads in the treating center. ECMO is a high resource-dependent support option; therefore, it should be used judiciously, and its availability may need to be constrained when resources are scarce. More evidence from high-quality research is required to better define the role and limitations of ECMO in patients with severe COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Respiratory Insufficiency , Bayes Theorem , COVID-19/therapy , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Humans , Pandemics , Respiratory Distress Syndrome/therapy
13.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 2064-2077, 2022 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1956493

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: School principals have been reported to have a higher prevalence of burnout and psychological problems than their colleagues. During the pandemic, extra workload and pressure from unprecedented situations potentially cause fear, stress and depression. Therefore, we aimed to explore associated factors of stress, fear of COVID-19 (F-CoV-19S) and depressive symptoms among school principals. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in Taiwan from 23 June to 16 July 2021. Data of 413 school principals were collected, including socio-demographic factors, COVID-19-related factors, work-related information, health status, sense of coherence (SoC), health literacy (HL), F-CoV-19S, stress and depression. Multiple linear and logistic regression models were utilized to explore associations. RESULTS: School principals with symptoms like COVID-19 (S-COVID-19-S), or with health-related activity limitations had a higher score of stress (B = 0.92; p = .039) (B = 1.52; p < .001) and a higher depression likelihood (OR = 3.38; p < .001) (OR = 3.06; p < .001), whereas those with a better SoC had a lower stress score (B = -1.39; p < .001) and a lower depression likelihood (OR = 0.76; p = .020). School principals confusing about COVID-19-related information had a higher score of stress (B = 2.47; p < .001) and fear (B = 3.77; p < .001). The longer working time was associated with a higher fear score (B = 1.69; p = .006). Additionally, school principals with a higher HL score had a lower stress score (B = -1.76; p < .001), a lower fear score (B = -1.85; p < .001) and a lower depression likelihood (OR = 0.53; p = .043). CONCLUSIONS: Health-related activity limitations, S-COVID-19-S, COVID-19-related information confusion and longer working hours were positively associated with at least one mental health problem (e.g. stress, fear and depression), whereas better SoC and HL showed the benefits to mitigate fear, stress and depressive symptoms in school principals. Our study provides evidence for appropriate strategies to improve principals' mental health during the pandemic.Key messages:School principals with health-related activity limitations or with symptoms like COVID-19 were more likely to be stressed and depressed.Higher levels of stress and fear were observed in school principals who confused about COVID-19-related information, and who had longer working time than before the pandemic.Better sense of coherence and higher health literacy could potentially mitigate the fear, stress and depressive symptoms in school principals.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Health Literacy , Sense of Coherence , Anxiety/diagnosis , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/diagnosis , Fear , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Ri-Vista ; 19(1):204-217, 2021.
Article in Italian | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1955558

ABSTRACT

In this time spent searching for solutions that will allow us to once again attain a stable con¬dition for our economies, for the geopolitical equilibrium of the world population, we have been forced to acquire greater awareness of our present. We have gained awareness on the extractive imperialist dimension, towards the planet's resources combined with population growth, has potentially exhausted the opportunities for social mobility and for effective prog¬ress for individuals. This has deeply exploited the natural resources, our source of life. This brings us to an undisputed condition of social, cultural and economic impoverishment. The current push towards a circular economy that must rapidly supplant that of consumption in relation to the virtuous, but not without shadows, practices of the Green New Deal offers us, in the midst of the uncertain evolution of COVID 19, the opportunity to bring the relationship of care. Individuals must establish a care attitude with the environment, with the resources of nature and with the landscape. A new biocentric alliance arises that allows us, thanks to our adaptability, to 'resist in order to relive'. © 2020 Author(s).

15.
Med Law Rev ; 2022 Jul 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1948379

ABSTRACT

This article discusses the human rights of residents in care homes in England who were affected by restrictions that were imposed during the first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in order to safeguard health and life at a time of public health emergency. It focuses on the potentially adversarial relationship between the need to protect the health of these residents and the possible adverse interferences with their human rights in the initial phase of the pandemic. The scope and application of these rights to the healthcare context is not straightforward due to the exigencies of the pandemic. Consideration is given to whether their rights, as protected by the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) are vindicated or breached by the actions taken in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The article questions whether the restrictions that were applied were justified, given the limitations that exist within some ECHR Articles. It deliberates upon what can be done to ensure that relevant bodies and care homes, themselves, are better enabled to respond to a public health emergency in an individualistic, rights-based manner, based upon both principlism and pragmatism.

16.
PRACE KOMISJI GEOGRAFII PRZEMYSLU POLSKIEGO TOWARZYSTWA GEOGRAFICZNEGO-STUDIES OF THE INDUSTRIAL GEOGRAPHY COMMISSION OF THE POLISH GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY ; 36(2):203-214, 2022.
Article in Polish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1939650

ABSTRACT

The issue of quality is a key element related to the market economy. Ensuring an appropriate level of quality of goods and services, as well as its sustainable maintenance, is the area of interest of the sciences related to quality management. The global COVID-19 pandemic sparked a widespread economic crisis that hit the services sector particularly hard, especially in hospitality. Said pandemic was also not indifferent to the quality management in this sector. The aim of this publication is to present the impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on the quality of management of historic hotel facilities in Poland. In the theoretical part, the authors showed the specificity of the historical hotel industry in Poland and discussed the concepts of quality management. In order to achieve the assumed goals of the work, the authors conducted research in the form of a personal interview on a randomly selected group of owners and managers of hotel facilities throughout Poland. The research sample consisted of 61 hotels. The empirical part of the publication presents the results of the research. The research hypothesis is based on the assumption that the pandemic resulted in the implementation of new procedures and standards in hotel service, an increase in the operating costs of facilities and an increase in prices. The publication was written using compact materials, scientific publications, as well as statistical and netographic data and data obtained through a personal interview.

17.
Academia ; 35(2):239-256, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1922460

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the most relevant innovation strategies used by the Latin American national tennis federations as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic.Design/methodology/approach>The methodology consists of a survey. The survey consisted of three sections apart from the consent one: a general descriptive part, one with 30 questions to assess attitudes and perceptions and a final section which included open questions. After the data were collected, the SPSS software was used to test the distribution of the sample.Findings>Results show that executives' perception toward their need for involvement in the decision-making process varies.Research limitations/implications>The first limitation relates to the sample size of executives who completed the questionnaire. The second limitation refers to the details provided in the open section of the questionnaire. Specifically, the space allocated for the answers and the degree of detail required could have been optimized by providing further instructions on the importance of facilitating information related to the implementation of the programs.Practical implications>The results demonstrate that, although traditional management, organizational and administrative behaviors are still present in the tennis ecosystem, a more innovative mentality should embed these organizations. It is then relevant that sport and tennis organizations commit to the implementation of innovative strategies for the optimization of the administration of their ecosystems.Originality/value>The paper adds more understanding to the brand of sports management. Furthermore, the fact of developing the study in a COVID-19 context sheds light on the issues faced by sports in a pandemic like this one.Alternate :Proposito – El proposito de este artıculo es discutir algunas de las estrategias de innovacion utilizadas por las federaciones nacionales latinoamericanas como respuesta a la pandemia COVID-19. Diseno/metodolog ~ıa/enfoque – La metodologıa consiste en una entrevista. La entrevista se dividio en tres secciones ademas de la de consentimiento: una parte descriptiva, otra con 30 preguntas que evaluaban las actitudes y percepciones, y una seccion final que incluıa preguntas abiertas. Despues de que la informacion fuera recogida, se utilizo el software SPSS para comprobar la distribucion de la muestra. Hallazgos – Los resultados sugieren que las organizaciones analizadas han utilizado diversas estrategias de innovacion durante este periodo sin precedentes. Estas estrategias se han aplicado en areas como la informacion, la participacion, la comunicacion y la digitalizacion. Research limitations/implications – The first limitations related to the sample size of executives who completed the questionnaire. The second limitation refers to the details provided in the open section of the questionnaire. Specifically, the space allocated for the answers and the degree of detail required could have been optimized by providing further instructions on the importance of facilitating information related to the implementation of the programs. Limitaciones del estudio/Implicaciones – La primera limitacion esta relacionada con el tamano de la ~ muestra de los ejecutivos que completaron el cuestionario. La segunda limitacion se refiere a la informacion que se proporciona en la primera seccion del cuestionario. Especıficamente, el espacio donde se situan las respuestas y el grado de detalle requerido podrıan haber sido optimizados a traves de la provision de instrucciones mas detalladas sobre la importancia de facilitar la informacion relacionada con la implementacion de los programas. Originalidad/valor – El estudio ayuda a la mejor comprension de la gestion de los deportes. Ademas, el hecho de desarrollar el estudio en el contexto del COVID arroja luz a la problematica del deporte en el contexto de una pandemia como la actual.

18.
1st International Conference on Technologies for Smart Green Connected Society 2021, ICTSGS 2021 ; 107:10277-10284, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1874834

ABSTRACT

COVID 19 has been a challenge in all sectors and education in particular. During the pandemic, there was an immediate and compulsory shift in conducting classes via online mode. Several colleges and schools have asked their teachers to hold classes online, yet most of them are neither equipped nor in the mindset to adapt to this new teaching methodology. Despite these limitations, Google Meet, Zoom, Microsoft Teams, and other platforms have become integral parts of lecturing and learning. Subjects have been taught using these platforms. Despite the challenges, classes are still held online and teachers are still able to reach students. It is important to note, however, that there are some notable challenges across all sessions that remain unnoticed and unresolved. In an online environment, controlling students' absences, engaging all students in discussions, monitoring their presence, keeping them active, conducting assessments, and nurturing creativity are all questionable. Research is needed to initiate and incorporate different ICT (Information Communication Technology) tools, to facilitate effective teaching and learning. The purpose of this paper is to identify the various ICT tools and resources that can be used to support the above-discussed problems and make online teaching and learning more effective. © The Electrochemical Society

19.
Psychological Medicine ; 52(7):1386-1392, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1872001

ABSTRACT

BackgroundNo studies have reported on how to relieve distress or relax in medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study aimed to establish which relaxation technique, among six, is the most feasible in first-line medical health workers wearing medical protective equipment.MethodsThis was a two-step study collecting data with online surveys. Step 1: 15 first-line medical health workers were trained to use six different relaxation techniques and reported the two most feasible techniques while wearing medical protective equipment. Step 2: the most two feasible relaxation techniques revealed by step 1 were quantitatively tested in a sample of 65 medical health workers in terms of efficacy, no space limitation, no time limitation, no body position requirement, no environment limitation to be done, easiness to learn, simplicity, convenience, practicality, and acceptance.ResultsKegel exercise and autogenic relaxation were the most feasible techniques according to step 1. In step 2, Kegel exercise outperformed autogenic relaxation on all the 10 dimensions among the 65 participants while wearing medical protective equipment (efficacy: 24 v. 15, no space limitation: 30 v. 4, no time limitation: 31 v. 4, no body position requirement: 26 v. 4, no environment limitation: 30 v. 11, easiness to learn: 28 v. 5, simplicity: 29 v. 7, convenience: 29 v. 4, practicality: 30 v. 14, acceptance: 32 v. 6).ConclusionKegel exercise seems a promising self-relaxation technique for first-line medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment among COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Psicoperspectivas ; 20(3), 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1847526

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic and mandatory quarantine, people with high levels of economic limitations (NALE) were more vulnerable to the decrease in business activities. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to compare an Argentine sample of people with low levels of financial limitations (n=344) with another with NALE (n=109). Social support, some psychological symptoms, and several components related to contagion with COVID-19 were analyzed. The non-probabilistic sample was collected online, and the differences were calculated through multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that participants with NALE scored higher concerning symptoms and lower in relation to social support. The two exceptions consisted of psychoticism and the need for support, where no significant differences were found. It is concluded that, applying the multidimensional vision of social exclusion, the fact that no significant differences were found in relation to the need for support could be considered a key for future research and even public interventions. © 2021 Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso. All rights reserved.

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