Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 45
Filter
Add filters

Year range
1.
Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios De Familia ; 14(1):29-50, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2072280

ABSTRACT

Objetive. To describe the perceptions associated with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on coexistence, living conditions and possible parental burnout with parents living in the Colombian territory. Methodology. A sociodemographic record was applied, an Ad Hoc instrument to establish how the pandemic affected coexistence and the obtaining of resources, and the Latin American version of the 'Parental Burnout Assessment' was applied with a convenience sample of 390 parents. Results. Personal, economic, family relationships, parental burnout and mental health deterioration were evidenced in a significant proportion of participants. Conclusion. Coping with situations derived from COVID-19, added to the associated confinement, led to a significant deterioration in the living conditions of Colombian parents, which should be taken into account for the development of programs aimed at the preventive and therapeutic approach of the identified variables.

2.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12730, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066457

ABSTRACT

The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic had a wide range of impacts on living conditions, opportunities and mental health. As discussed by society and supported by some studies, young people were particularly affected. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of research that explicitly addressed the mental health outcomes of adolescents’ and young adults’ transition. A systematic literature search in PubMed, PsycInfo, PSYNDEX, Embase and LIVIVO was conducted in February 2022. 42 of 2562 screened publications from industrialized/high-income countries were included and analyzed. All included publications show that the mental health of young people worsened during the pandemic. Several studies suggest(ed) that youths with less education and low socioeconomic status were affected most. Regarding different stages of adolescence, study results are heterogeneous. Evidence indicates that schools as institutions are important settings for everyday lives, personal development and education of young people. The review shows that there is a need for research and scientifically validated recommendations for practice. Further consideration should focus on the implementation of sustainable structures on the local level to strengthen resilience, minimize risk factors for young people’s mental health and create opportunities for valuable transitions.

3.
APMIS ; 2022 Sep 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2052259

ABSTRACT

We previously proposed the term 'opportunistic non-communicable diseases (NCDs)' to raise awareness of how NCDs thrive in societies with inadequate healthcare services. However, we did not anticipate that within the next year the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) would sweep the globe. Lockdowns became the primary strategy for mitigation in most countries. However, the extensive restrictions and allocation of resources towards the containment of the pandemic have likely served as a catalyst of NCDs, especially in populations, societies and individuals already at high risk. We are presenting evidence to qualify two primary factors responsible for the potential impact on the development of NCDs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The first is disrupted healthcare services including avoidance and postponement of healthcare visits. The second is effects of changing lifestyle and living conditions including isolation, loss of job and income. The accumulated effect of these factors will likely further accelerate the development of NCDs and impair their management, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Insufficient vaccination coverage due to inequality in vaccine distribution and vaccine hesitancy left room for the incubation of immune-evasive variants that threatened to sustain or reinitiate the pandemic. We believe the concept of opportunistic NCDs and the potential catalytic effect that pandemics may have on the development of NCDs and their management, should be used as further arguments to secure equal vaccine distribution, promote global vaccine acceptance and to speed up and increase investments in primary health care in low- and middle-income countries to cope with the already existing NCD crisis and to prepare for future epidemics.

4.
IOP Conference Series : Earth and Environmental Science ; 10, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2037331

ABSTRACT

Sleman Regency, known as the Student City, is greatly affected by the mobility restriction policy which results in a gradual emptying process of boarding houses, so there is an urgency for regional studies regarding the impact of the pandemic on the livelihoods of boarding house business actors in Sleman Regency. In addition, there is no latest policy from the regency government to overcome the said impact other than the policy of implementing health protocols. Hence, the study focuses on the living conditions and livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs who are heavily affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. The paper aimed to look at two points of view, namely the bottom-up approach to see the affected objects related to changes in the livelihood strategies of boarding house entrepreneurs during the Covid-19 pandemic and the response of business actors in dealing with shock due to the pandemic;and the top-down approach to see the parties who have legal authority by conducting a critical study of the policies at the regency level related to boarding house business actors before and during the Covid-19 pandemic. This research found that there were changes in the assets and livelihood strategies of entrepreneurs which varied following the capacity of the boarding house entrepreneur. Whereas based on a top-down point of view;despite the change in social assistance policies in terms of the type of assistance, targets, and the amount of assistance provided before and during the Covid-19 pandemic;there is no social assistance that is directed specifically to boarding house business actors.

5.
2022 International Conference on Machine Learning, Big Data, Cloud and Parallel Computing, COM-IT-CON 2022 ; : 425-431, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2029198

ABSTRACT

Lung diseases affect many populations around the world and their symptoms may range from common cough to chronic lung infections caused by unhygienic living conditions, unhealthy habits(smoking) and often inter-species virus/bacterial transmission. Moreover, the death toll and individuals affected by lung infections have skyrocketed after the contagious COVID-19 outbreak in 2019 December in Wuhan China. The Big Data revolution has increased the number of labelled and analyzed x-ray image data in the medical field, which has triggered more solutions for preventive and early diagnostics measures in the area. However contagious nature of COVID-19 makes it unsafe for medical practitioners despite the use of preventive gear and the varying examination skills of radiologists generates a biased result with different x-rays. Employing Deep Neural Network-based methodologies would help overcome the current issue. In this paper, we have compared the performance of pre-trained models Resnet18, Resnet50 and the fusion of the two Resnet models using transfer learning. We have performed cross-validation of 5 folds with 25 epochs for each fold to obtain the optimal metrics performance for all three models. Average accuracy, precision, f1-score and recall of 88.75%, 89.89%, 88.75% and 88.66% was reported for resnet18 respectively while Resnet50 yield 90.25%, 90.26%, 90.25% and 90.24% for the same. The proposed fusion model gave increased performance metrics with an accuracy of 95.75%, precision of 95.89%, recall of 95.75% and an f-1 score of 95.75%. © 2022 IEEE.

6.
Indian Journal of Extension Education ; 58(3):126-130, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2026823

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to loss of human life and presented an unprecedented challenge to public health and food systems. The study was conducted to assess the factors in terms of livelihood profile determining awareness and adaptation level. Using random sampling procedure, data were collected from 80 farmers from four villages under two blocks of Coochbehar district in 2021. Altogether eleven variables i.e., age, education, information availability, social participation, quality of common facilities services, mean distance of common facility services, economic status, expenditure during pandemic, net landholding, number of migrants in family and duration of migration explain 46.9 per cent of variance in awareness level and six variables i.e., personal cosmopolite sources use, social recognition, annual family income before and during pandemic and expenditure before and during pandemic explain 63.7 per cent variance of adaptation level. Rural people should be encouraged to participate in different extension activities. Findings would serve as a valid reference for researchers and policy makers concerning pandemic issues.

7.
Actes de la Recherche en Sciences Sociales ; - (236/237):4-19, 2021.
Article in French | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024403

ABSTRACT

La crise sanitaire engendrée par la pandémie de Covid-19 a remis au centre de l’actualité les inégalités face à la maladie et à la mort. On ne souffre pas partout autant du coronavirus, que ce soit en termes de mortalité, de risques de contamination ou de conséquences des mesures sanitaires sur les conditions de vie. Ce constat révèle le puissant vecteur d’inégalités que constitue la santé, en même temps qu’il met au jour le caractère multiple de ces inégalités, et ce faisant multifactoriel de leur analyse. La pandémie de Covid-19 creuse ainsi des inégalités qu’elle contribue en même temps à (re)mettre au centre du débat public. Ce double mouvement conduit à interroger les effets que peut produire une crise sur les paradigmes à l’œuvre tant dans l’action publique que dans le champ scientifique. Pour ce faire, nous proposons de nous décentrer du moment critique que nous traversons pour resituer, dans une plus longue durée, la place qu’a occupée dans ces deux champs la question des « inégalités sociales de santé » et les grilles d’analyse par lesquelles celles-ci ont été saisies.Depuis le début des années 2000 et plus encore ces dix dernières années, cette thématique s’est en effet développée dans l’action publique comme dans les recherches en sociologie de la santé. Du côté de l’action publique, la « réduction des inégalités sociales et territoriales de santé » a ainsi pris le relais de la « lutte contre l’exclusion » (notamment des soins de santé) qui prévalait jusqu’à la fin des années 1990, jusqu’à constituer u…Alternate :The health crisis brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic has put the issue of inequalities with regard to illness and death back under the spotlight. The coronavirus pandemic has not affected people in the same way everywhere, whether in terms of mortality, the risk of infection, or the impact that health measures have on living conditions. This observation shows how powerful the field of health is as a driver of inequalities, while at the same time helping us see that there are multiple inequalities and thus many different factors involved in analyzing them. The COVID-19 pandemic is thus widening inequalities, even as it puts them—in some cases not for the first time—at the forefront of public debate. These twin developments invite us to investigate the effects that a crisis can have on the paradigms that are at work both at the level of public policy and in the scientific field. To do this, we propose to take a step back from the critical moment we are currently experiencing and to look both at the place that the issue of “social inequalities in health” has occupied in these two fields over time, and at the analytical frameworks that have been used to understand them.Since the early 2000s, and even more so in the last ten years, this issue has indeed evolved both in public policy and in research on the sociology of health. In terms of public policy, the “reduction of social and territorial inequalities in health” has thus taken over from the “fight against exclusion” (particularly from health care)—an issue that had been dominant until the late 1990s—and has been …

8.
Bulletin Epidemiologique Hebdomadaire ; 15:2-10, 2022.
Article in French | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1999312

ABSTRACT

Background: To facilitate access to COVID-19 vaccination for individuals in precarious working and living conditions, the "Samusocial de Paris" set up on-site vaccinations at a foodbank in the north of Paris. In the context of booster dose availability for all, this intervention aimed to vaccinate individuals in precarious living and working conditions, especially those without common rights. Our objective was to establish the profiles of those vaccinated, describe the uptake of vaccination and identify associated factors. Method: The VEDA study is a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted from December 1st 2021 to March 17th 2022. Following vaccination, participants were asked survey questions face-to-face in one of the different study languages.

9.
SciDev.net ; 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1998658

ABSTRACT

Speed read Some five million people were using unclean cooking fuels during COVID-19 lockdown Urban poverty worse than in India’s rural areas because of cramped living conditions Without subsidies millions cannot afford to use cooking gas in Delhi [NEW DELHI] COVID-19 lockdowns exposed many truths but none so stark as the poverty that exists in the Indian capital of New Delhi as desperate urban poor families were compelled to switch to wood and dung to keep home fires going. A study released this month by the environmental NGO Chintan suggests that urban poverty may be worse than India’s rural areas because of unhygienic living conditions, including high indoor pollution levels generated by burning biomass in confined living spaces. According to the study 36 per cent of low-income housing groups in New Delhi rely on ‘unclean’ sources of fuel for their cooking needs.

10.
British Food Journal ; 124(9):2705-2721, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1985241

ABSTRACT

Purpose>Data from the Northern Ireland (NI) Health Survey 2014/15 (n = 2,231) were statistically analysed to examine the prevalence of food insecurity according to both indicators. Pearson's X2 test for association and logistic regressions were used to examine associations between food security status and predictor variables.Design/methodology/approach>Household food insecurity has been identified as a significant societal issue in both developed and developing nations, but there exists no universal indicator to approximate its prevalence. In NI, two indicators (United States Household Food Security Survey Module [HFSSM] and the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions [EU-SILC] food deprivation questions) have been used. This study examines how both indicators differ in their classification of food insecurity prevalence in a population sample and also examines the relationship between various demographic and household factors and food security status.Findings>According to the EU-SILC food deprivation questions, 8.3% (n = 185) were indicated to be food insecure, while according to the HFSSM, 6.5% (n = 146) were indicated to be food insecure. The HFSSM and EU-SILC regression models differed in the underlying variables they identified as significant predictors of food insecurity. Significant variables common to both modules were tenure, employment status, health status, anxiety/depression and receipt of benefits.Originality/value>Findings can inform policy action with regards to targeting the key contributors and can inform policy decisions in NI and elsewhere with regards to choosing the most appropriate food insecurity indicator.

11.
Pamukkale University Journal of Social Sciences Institute ; - (51):1-14, 2022.
Article in Turkish | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-1975769

ABSTRACT

In today's world, the conditions of living and working are rapidly changing, faster than any changes existed before in history and those changes affect people seriously. Those effects both change the physical living conditions of the people and the spiritual, emotional and psychological status of people. In this sense, the forms and the capabilities of the communication become a very important topic to be focused. In this period, mankind has faced the Covid-19 epidemic, which is rarely experienced in the World, and has been subjected to some restrictions worldwide due to the threat posed by this pandemic. In this sense, with the help of technological benefits in communication industry, both the students and the business people in Turkey are forced to continue their work from their homes and remotely. In this research, the potential effects of this situation on the psychology of the people are investigated on the university students with the motivation concept. In addition, the results obtained in this research intended to be shared with all relevant units and people both for instructors in academia and the managers in the business world to guide them for the changes that may occur in human life in the future. (English) [ FROM AUTHOR] Günümüzde, dünyayı etkileyen koşullar tarihte hiç olmadığı kadar hızlı bir şekilde değişmekte ve bu hızlı değişim etkenleri insanları önemli ölçüde etkilemektedir. Bu etkiler, insanların fiziksel yaşam koşullarını değiştirdiği ve etkilediği gibi, ruhsal, duygusal ve psikolojik durumlarını da değiştirmekte ve etkileyebilmektedir. Íletişim biçimleri ve imkânları, bu anlamda insanların hayatını etkileyen önemli başlıklardan biri haline gelmiştir. Yaşanılan bu dönemde, insanoğlu, dünyada nadir olarak yaşanılan Covid-19 salgını ile yüzleşmiş ve dünya çapında bu pandeminin ortaya çıkardığı tehdit yüzünden bazı kısıtlamalara maruz kalmıştır. Bu anlamda, teknolojinin iletişim anlamında da getirdiği kolaylıklar sayesinde Türkiye'de gerek öğrenciler eğitim hayatlarını, gerekse iş insanları işlerini uzaktan ve evden yürütmeye mecbur kalmışlardır. Bu çalışmada, meydana gelen bu değişikliğin insanların psikolojik durumlarına yaptığı olası etki, üniversite öğrencileri üzerinde ve motivasyon kavramı özelinde incelenmiştir. Yapılan bu araştırmada elde edilen sonuçlar, gelecekte insan hayatında oluşabilecek değişimler için gerek eğitmenlere gerekse iş insanlarına yol gösterebilmesi için tüm ilgili birim ve insanlar ile paylaşılması amaçlanmıştır. (Turkish) [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Pamukkale University Journal of Social Sciences Institute / Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi is the property of Pamukkale University, Social Sciences Institute and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

12.
CienciaUAT ; 17(1):49-60, 2022.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1975747

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has made visible systemic inequities, multiplied vulnerability conditions, and uncovered the lack of capacity of numerous public institutions to respond to the pandemic. The paper aims to analyze and contextualize the health crisis management, as well as vulnerable groups’ care in Cuba during the first year of the pandemic. For this purpose, a mixed approach was selected, which combines qualitative content analysis with statistical data obtained from primary and secondary sources. Findings revealed that more than half of the Cuban population is vulnerable to COVID-19 due to factors such as age, gender, race, physical health, living conditions, and limitations to access to basic rights associated to quality food, dignified housing, and potable water rights. Epidemiological statistics collected between March 2020 and March 2021, show an adequate management of the sanitary contingency based on the coordination of governmental structures with scientific and technological sectors and public and universal health infrastructure. However, there are contradictory strategies in caring for vulnerable populations that deepen previously existing inequalities and dynamize and extend vulnerability conditions. COVID-19 constitutes a window of opportunity to rethink country development strategies from a comprehensive social policy model.Alternate : El COVID-19 ha visibilizado las inequidades sistémicas, multiplicado las condiciones de vulnerabilidad y descubierto la incapacidad de numerosas instituciones públicas para responder a la pandemia. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar y contextualizar la gestión de la crisis sanitaria en Cuba, así como la atención a grupos vulnerables durante el primer año de la pandemia. La investigación se sustenta en un enfoque mixto que combina el análisis cualitativo de contenido con el de datos estadísticos procedentes de fuentes primarias y secundarias. Los hallazgos revelaron que más de la mitad de la población cubana es vulnerable ante COVID-19 por factores como edad, género, raza, salud física, condiciones del hogar y limitaciones para acceder a derechos básicos asociados a alimentación de calidad, vivienda digna y servicios de agua potable. Las estadísticas epidemiológicas recabadas entre marzo de 2020 y marzo de 2021 muestran una gestión de la crisis sanitaria adecuada a partir de la articulación gubernamental con la gestión científica y tecnológica y la infraestructura de salud pública y universal. Sin embargo, existen estrategias contradictorias en la atención a la población en riesgo, que profundizan desigualdades previamente existentes y dinamizan y amplían la condición de vulnerabilidad. COVID-19 constituye una ventana de oportunidad para pensar estrategias de desarrollo desde un modelo de política social integral.

13.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(8):1089-1091, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958134

ABSTRACT

t is well established that socioeconomic and demographic factors, such as race and ethnicity, income, and education, are independently linked to health disparities.1 Tools that combine multiple socioeconomic and demographic variables into an overall rank, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) Social Vulnerability Index (SVI), provide a quantitative framework that can be used by policymakers to identify communities that have higher overall social vulnerability with regard to disparate health outcomes and living conditions across multiple factors, and to develop targeted interventions.2 Historically, the SVI and similar frameworks have been crafted for emergency preparedness and response and used for study and practice in more extreme natural and human-caused disaster scenarios. Over the years, the SVI has been used for public health research and practice, communications, and accessibility planning, and to target geographically specific interventions related to natural disasters such as flooding and hurricanes,3, human-caused events such as chemical spills,2 and disease outbreaks like the recent COVID-19 pandemic.4 However, addressing issues of health inequity attributable to environmental injustice is imperative, and should not be restricted to alleviating the impact of event-specific hazards. Environmental injustice in the built environment is often associated with the disproportionate placement of hazardous and industrial sites and polluting transportation infrastructure in socially vulnerable neighborhoods,5 where residents often lack the social or economic capital to influence policy decisions.6 Although existing research links housing and health equity,7 the impact of poor housing conditions and household exposures to lead, pests, and indoor air pollutants on the health and well-being of socially vulnerable populations is an important and often overlooked aspect of environmental injustice.7,8 The Environmental Protection Agency's definition of environmental justice is all-encompassing and espouses the idea that environmental justice is only achieved when "everyone enjoys: The SVI has already been used outside the realm of disaster management to better characterize obesity10 and physical fitness.11 Hollar et al. set a new precedent for the value it may bring to the environmental justice sector, and additional research should be done to understand its utility in identifying communities that may be more likely to experience other socially linked conditions associated with environmental injustice, such as routine exposure to indoor and outdoor environmental pollutants, chronic disease burden, poor working conditions, lack of greenspace, and other issues with the built environment, in addition to housing conditions.

14.
American Journal of Public Health ; 112(8):1120-1122, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1958128

ABSTRACT

YOUTHS' RIGHT TO HEALTH-AFFIRMING SOCIAL CONTEXTS People are embedded within neighborhoods, communities, political atmospheres, and economic systems;these contexts determine living conditions such as access to quality education, employment with living wages, adequate and appropriate health care, affordable healthy food and physical recreation, and community support. Yet youths have inherent rights to health, enumerated by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.2 Among these are the rights to "the highest attainable standard of health" (Article 24), and to "a standard of living adequate for the child's physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development" (Article 27). SOCIETY'S NEED FOR POSITIVE YOUTH DEVELOPMENT Aligned with the social determinants of health framework, which situates individuals' health outcomes within social contexts, PYD regards human development as a product of youths' internal assets functioning in tandem with their environmental resources and supports.4 As a strengths-based perspective, PYD maintains that all youths have internal and external assets that make their individual development and their contributions to society unique.5 Aligned with the UN Convention on the Rights ofthe Child, PYD insists that society is responsible for fostering environments where youths have the resources they need to thrive and, importantly, for involving youths as partners in shaping their world, as contribution is both a means and an end to PYD.5 Although favorable environmental contexts are essential for positive development, Yeager identifies four internal drives that help youths develop through adolescence5: (1) to stand out: o develop a personal identity;(2) to fit in: to develop a sense of connectedness;(3) to measure up: to develop competence and find ways to achieve;and (4) to take hold: to make commitments to particular goals, activities, and beliefs. "10 In response, Maine's Department of Health and Human Services announced the establishment of the Office of Population Health Equity (OPHE) within the Maine Center for Disease Control (MCDC) to collaborate within and beyond the MCDC to achieve health justice.11 The MCDC prioritizes youth participation through its funding to the Maine Youth Action Network (MYAN), which is composed of community-based, PYDguided programs that engage youths on issues of public health education, research, and policy.

15.
RELIGACIÓN. Revista de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades ; 6(30), 2021.
Article in Spanish | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1955630

ABSTRACT

Unemployment is a variable of special attention in the Ecuadorian economy, therefore knowing its evolution is essential to improve the living conditions of the population and the economy in general. A country with a high unemployment rate triggers negative factors such as: poverty, informality, crime, migration, etc. Therefore, this work aims to analyze the growth of unemployment in Ecuador during the period 2010–2021. For this, analytical-historical-descriptive research is carried out, supporting information from various official national sources. The results reflect that the growth of unemployment in the country is more evident in urban areas and in female labor activity. By 2018, the fall in formal employment was already reflected due to the crisis derived from 2014, which gave way to the increase in informal employment or in the last few stays to unemployment, influencing to a greater extent in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 19. In addition, the increase in taxes, the appreciation of the dollar, lower domestic demand, damage caused by the earthquake are some causes with high relevance in the increase in unemployment.Alternate :El desempleo es una variable de especial atención en la economía ecuatoriana, por ello conocer su evolución es primordial para mejorar las condiciones de vida de la población y de la economía en general. Un país con una elevada tasa de desempleo desencadena factores negativos tales como: pobreza, informalidad, delincuencia, migración, etc. Por lo tanto, este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el crecimiento del desempleo en el Ecuador durante el periodo 2010–2021. Para ello se realiza una investigación de tipo analítica-histórica-descriptiva, sustentando la información de varias fuentes oficiales nacionales. Los resultados reflejan que el crecimiento del desempleo en el país es más evidente en la zona urbana y en la actividad laboral femenina. Para el 2018 ya se reflejaba la caída del empleo formal debido a la crisis derivada del 2014, lo cual daba paso al incremento del empleo informal o en últimas estancias al desempleo, situación que se incrementó como efecto de la pandemia pero que, en comparación a los demás países de la región, se ubicó en índices aceptables a pesar de la crisis social y económica experimentada. Además, el aumento de los impuestos, la apreciación del dólar, menor demanda interna, daños causados por el sismo son algunas causas con alta relevancia en el incremento del desempleo.Alternate :O desemprego é uma variável de atenção especial na economia equatoriana, razão pela qual conhecer sua evolução é essencial para melhorar as condições de vida da população e da economia em geral. Um país com uma alta taxa de desemprego desencadeia fatores negativos tais como: pobreza, informalidade, delinqüência, migração, etc. Portanto, este documento tem como objetivo analisar o crescimento do desemprego no Equador durante o período 2010-2021. Para este fim, é realizado um tipo de pesquisa analítico-histórico-descritiva, baseada em informações de várias fontes nacionais oficiais. Os resultados mostram que o crescimento do desemprego no país é mais evidente nas áreas urbanas e na atividade laboral feminina. Em 2018, a queda do emprego formal já se refletia devido à crise derivada de 2014, que deu lugar a um aumento do emprego informal ou, em última análise, do desemprego, uma situação que aumentou como efeito da pandemia, mas que, em comparação com outros países da região, estava localizada em taxas aceitáveis, apesar da crise social e econômica vivida. Além disso, o aumento dos impostos, a valorização do dólar, a menor demanda interna e os danos causados pelo terremoto são algumas das causas do aumento do desemprego. O desemprego é uma variável de atenção especial na economia equatoriana, razão pela qual conhecer sua evolução é essencial para melhorar as condições de vida da população e da economia em geral. Um país com uma alta taxa de desemprego desencadeia fatores negati os tais como: pobreza, informalidade, delinqüência, migração, etc. Portanto, este documento tem como objetivo analisar o crescimento do desemprego no Equador durante o período 2010-2021. Para este fim, é realizado um tipo de pesquisa analítico-histórico-descritiva, baseada em informações de várias fontes nacionais oficiais. Os resultados mostram que o crescimento do desemprego no país é mais evidente nas áreas urbanas e na atividade laboral feminina. Em 2018, a queda do emprego formal já se refletia devido à crise derivada de 2014, que deu lugar a um aumento do emprego informal ou, em última análise, do desemprego, uma situação que aumentou como efeito da pandemia, mas que, em comparação com outros países da região, estava localizada em taxas aceitáveis, apesar da crise social e econômica vivida. Além disso, o aumento dos impostos, a valorização do dólar, a menor demanda interna e os danos causados pelo terremoto são algumas das causas do aumento do desemprego.

16.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs ; 83(2):169-174, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1934724

ABSTRACT

Objective: The measures put in place to contain the coronavirus epidemic in France have led to fears of a massive increase in the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Method: Taking advantage of an ongoing weekly Internet survey monitoring living conditions of the French population during the containment, we introduced questions on alcohol and tobacco use 1 month after the start of the first containment. Analyses were conducted with multivariate Poisson regressions.

17.
22nd Chinese Lexical Semantics Workshop, CLSW 2021 ; 13249 LNAI:500-509, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1919704

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the comments posted in two popular channels on YouTube (February to July 2020) that reveal Macau people’s concerns and feelings under the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of the themes elaborated and sentiments expressed. By themes, Macau people showed their concerns on the epidemic situation, economy, the problems it caused, and how the government reacted to the epidemic. In addition, the theme on Mainland China evolved around whether the Central Government would help Macau carry through this pandemic. Moreover, the sentiment results represent Macau people’s worries and uncertainty towards the pandemic. Our study casts light on understanding the living condition of people being confronted with the epidemic in terms of their linguistic behaviour. © 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

18.
Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies ; 12(3):345-370, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1901380

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Waqf (endowment) lands constitute as among the highest types of waqf (endowment) properties in Malaysia;yet it is still unable to reach its maximum potential due to various challenges such as capital, location, legal and administrative issues. Therefore, this study intends to explore these issues by focusing on the two states in Malaysia (Selangor and Perak) that have fertile lands but different management authorities. Design/methodology/approach: There were series of interviews that had been conducted with ten (10) key informants who are experts and practitioners in the areas of Shariah (Islamic law), farming, agribusiness, land management and waqf. Findings: Findings exhibit that constraints and challenges that had been highlighted in the previous literature still exist (although some improvements had been made), but there is emerging theme that the study intends to highlight which is on the needs to secure market for the agribusiness produce and the potential role of anchor company in the agribusiness. It is pertinent that for agribusiness to thrive, selecting the right anchor company that has the capacity to address the challenges is necessary. This study posits two anchor company models (Waqf Trustee-Anchor Company and Waqf Trustee-Anchor Company-Community Farmers) that can be applied for agribusiness on the waqf lands. Research limitations/implications: This study is based on the Malaysia's context influenced by specific country's features. Nevertheless, such findings can still be used as reference or benchmark by other endowment trustees in other countries especially for the Muslim countries as well as the non-Muslim countries that have significant Muslim populations. Social implications The suggested models have potentials to improve the living condition of the B40 (below 40% household income) in Malaysia because the models encourage their participation in the agribusiness activities. Originality/value This study focusses on the agribusiness, which is rarely being given attention in previous literature in the context of endowment lands. Therefore, this article bridges the literature gap and at the same time attempts to provide suggestion to address the pertinent issue - the underutilised endowment lands.

19.
2022 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops and other Affiliated Events, PerCom Workshops 2022 ; : 735-740, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1874334

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak is causing a dramatic worsening in the already complicated living conditions of blind and visually impaired individuals. Social distancing is the most effective strategy to limit virus spread, but is extremely difficult for blind people to actuate. Here we propose a deep-learning algorithm to recognize and locate in space people and other categories of objects from RGB-D images. The algorithm, based on Mask R-CNN, performs semantic segmentation on RGB images and uses depth maps to extract information about the relative distance of the instances. It was evaluated using Salient Person dataset and RGB-D Scenes Dataset v.2, and proved effective in segmenting and locating instances. This preliminary work could be a valuable starting point for developing a technology to assist the visually impaired in implementing social distancing. © 2022 IEEE.

20.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202006058), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871521

ABSTRACT

Background: The socio-health emergency caused by COVID-19 may have a significant psychological impact on the population. For this reason, it is necessary to identify especially vulnerable social groups and protective factors that may reduce this impact, which was the objective of this study.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL