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1.
Journal of Management Development ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2136021

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Human history observed an arduous time fighting the novel infectious respiratory disease Covid-19 coronavirus, which started in Wuhan, China and spread rapidly across the globe in 2020. Economies and the countries including India around the world experienced dismay with nationwide lockdowns and the fear of the unknowing. The unforeseen circumstances enforced immediate transitions in the organizations' work environment through remote working, digital infrastructure, online collaborations and new ways of interaction. The pandemic altered the workplace trajectories in lasting ways as the employees settled into a new routine of working from home more quickly than imagined. Now, as India and many other countries slowly move beyond the crisis, there exists a need to realize the implications of the pandemic on the workplace and articulate the future of work. This article, therefore, investigates the key perceived benefits and the HR implications of the new and emerging concept of hybrid workplaces and presents an HRM framework for their successful adoption in India. The findings may prove crucial in framing new workplace norms and shaping them. Moreover, this research would provide practitioners, policymakers, business leaders and HR professionals insights about the need to review the existing workplaces and successfully roll out hybrid work models in accordance with HR strategies. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology of Systematic Review of Literature (SLR) was adopted to study the key perceived benefits and the HR implications of hybrid workplaces. Findings: The findings of the study would help business leaders, HR professionals, policymakers and researchers in developing HR policies and approaches for the adoption of the hybrid workplace as they chart the path toward the post-pandemic future. Research limitations/implications: The study stresses the HR implications of the future of work as the hybrid workplace paradigm evolves. The approach is explorative and would require quantitative validation in different sectors and countries. Originality/value: The study makes a direct link between the hybrid workplaces and the impetus for the transformation of HR strategies. It also examines the changing role of the human resources (HR) functions and professionals after the pandemic. © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited.

2.
Scand J Prim Health Care ; : 1-11, 2022 Nov 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2106867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: When the COVID-19 pandemic reached Norway, primary health care had to reorganize to ensure safe patient treatment and maintain infection control. General practitioners (GPs) are key health care providers in the municipalities. Our aim was to explore the experiences and management strategies of Norwegian GPs during the COVID-19 pandemic - over time, and in the context of a sudden organizational change. DESIGN: Longitudinal qualitative interview study with two interview rounds. The first round of interviews was conducted from September-December 2020, the second round from January-April 2021. In the first interview round, we performed eight semi-structured interviews with GPs from eight municipalities in Norway. In the second round, five of the GPs were re-interviewed. Consecutive interviews were performed 2-4 months apart. To analyze the data, we used thematic analysis. RESULTS: The COVID-19 pandemic required GPs to balance several concerns, such as continuity of care and their own professional efforts. Several GPs experienced challenges in the collaboration with the municipality and in relation to defining their own professional position. Guided by The Norwegian Association of General practitioners, The Norwegian College of General Practice and collegial support, they found viable solutions and ended up with a feeling of having adapted to a new normal. CONCLUSIONS: Although our study demonstrates that the GPs adapted to the changing conditions, the current municipal health care models are not ideal. There is a need for clarification of responsibilities between GPs and the municipality to facilitate a more coordinated future pandemic response.Key PointsFacing the COVID-19 pandemic, the primary health care service in Norway had to reorganize to ensure safe patient treatment and maintain infection control.Several GPs experienced challenges in collaboration with the municipalities.There is a need for clarification of responsibilities between GPs and the municipality.

3.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(3): 260-264, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2080668

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 presented a unique scenario among children, specifically all over the world. The children had decrease outdoors activities and learning times, increased use of electronic gadgets and changes in sleep patterns. These altered behavior patterns of children directly influenced their behavior in the dental operatory. This coupled with the stringent protocols of COVID-19, made the behavior management of children a tedious task. However, as they say that necessity is the mother of all inventions, the pediatric dentist took this time to evaluate newer methods of behavior management and modified old strategies with newer modifications. Aim: The main aim of this study was to observe the modifications in behavior management strategies among pediatric dentists in the post-COVID-19 era while managing the child in dental operatory. Materials and Methods: Four hundred pediatric dentists were mailed a questionnaire consisting of 24 open and closed-ended questions consisting of personal data, professional information, and questions regarding various behavior management techniques used by them in pre- and post-COVID-19 era. Data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 26.0, IBM, and a comparison of frequencies of categories of variables with groups was made using Chi-Square test and McNemar test. Results: The results showed that there were statistically highly significant changes in behavior management strategies pre- and post-COVID-19 scenario with P < 0.01. Conclusion: Conventional techniques like Tell-Show-Do were popular in both pre- and post-COVID-19 times with minor modifications in approach, but conscious sedation and distraction techniques were evaluated to have gained more popularity in the post-COVID-19 times along with exploration of new novel techniques.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Child , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Dentists , Behavior Therapy/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Chi-Square Distribution
4.
Atmospheric Pollution Research ; : 101570, 2022.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2060408

ABSTRACT

Air pollution associated health issues are increasing globally. This is due to both anthropogenic sources, such as traffic, and natural sources, such as bushfires. Natural disasters, such as bushfires, impact air quality by releasing large concentrations of pollutants affecting respiratory health. However, another recent global event has also had severe impacts on the environment and health, the global COVID-19 pandemic. Global pandemics, such as COVID-19, can also influence air quality by altering human activity, resulting in its own associated health impacts. This study aimed to investigate the impact of a natural disaster and global pandemic on outdoor ambient air pollution by quantifying and comparing the spatial distribution of two air pollutants, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM10), during the different periods across the Greater Sydney region, Australia, while correcting for anthropogenic sources and meteorological influences such as temperature and rain. COVID-19 and bushfire affected periods were compared to a control period when both of these influences were absent. We found that NO2 was significantly higher during the COVID-19 pandemic than during the control period and the recent 2019 bushfires. Conversely, PM10 was significantly lower during the COVID-19 pandemic than the bushfire and control periods. The spatial distribution of both pollutants and influencers also varied across the study site. These results suggest that both events markedly impacted air quality, although they impacted the air pollutants differently. These findings further demonstrate a greater need to understand the impact of natural disasters and anthropocentric events on air pollution as multifaceted, spatially relevant policies are required to address these events, particularly if they increase in frequency or severity in the future.

5.
Epidemiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse: A Population Health Approach ; : 1-446, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2054640

ABSTRACT

This graduate-level text disseminates the core principles of epidemiology within a population health framework and provides practical knowledge nurses can use to analyze and improve healthcare in the community. Informed by the evolution of epidemiological science resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, this book demonstrates how epidemiology can have a profound impact on health. It showcases a variety of settings and epidemiological roles demonstrating the importance and practicality of this discipline. Clear and concise, this text explains the basics of population health followed by epidemiological concepts and designs. It is distinguished by its application-based case studies, analytical tools of epidemiology, and calculations, which foster skill development and necessary familiarity of the subject. Also included is an important Biostatistics Primer, relevant content from Healthy People 2030, and an Epidemiology in Practice section focusing on examples from different epidemiological arenas. © 2023 Springer Publishing Company, LLC.

6.
Telehealth and Medicine Today ; 7(4), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026495

ABSTRACT

Financial Confidence Strategies is derived from Arkwright’s 2019 Telehealth and Medicine Today Journal published paper;Telehealth Financial Variables and Successful Business Models is predicated on a THMT article that was the second most downloaded paper in 2020 amidst the onset of COVID-19 and a global eruption of increased telehealth services. The presentation addresses telehealth growth, scale, ROI, investment strategy, and best practice.

7.
Relations Industrielles ; 77(2), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025306

ABSTRACT

We studied 14 universities across Canada and Australia to examine how the COVID-19 crisis, mediated through management strategies and conflict over financial control in higher education, influenced workers’ job security and affective outcomes like stress and happiness. The countries differed in their institutional frameworks, their union density, their embeddedness in neoliberalism and their negotiation patterns. Management strategies also differed between universities. Employee outcomes were influenced by differences in union involvement. Labour cost reductions negotiated with unions could improve financial outcomes, but, even in a crisis, management might not be willing to forego absolute control over finance, and it was not the depth of the crisis that shaped management decisions. Alternate :Cette étude examine comment la pandémie de COVID-19 et les stratégies mises en oeuvre par la gestion universitaire ont influencé la sécurité d'emploi, le stress et le bonheur des travailleurs de l'enseignement supérieur. Les données quantitatives et qualitatives primaires proviennent d'une enquête menée dans quatorze universités en Australie et au Canada, complétée par des recherches secondaires. L'analyse examine les réponses des institutions et des travailleurs à la pandémie, ainsi que les conflits qui en résultent en matière de contrôle financier et ce, tant aux niveaux macro (secteur), méso (université) et micro (individu). Au niveau macro, les réponses des universités ont été façonnées par les politiques publiques de l'État aux niveaux national et infranational. Dans les deux pays l’approche avait une forme nettement " néolibérale ". Toutefois, les universités australiennes ont été davantage exposées à la pression financière en faveur des suppressions d'emplois, et la direction de ces universités a peut-être été plus encline à procéder à des mises à pied que l'ensemble des universités canadiennes. Les différences au niveau du soutien institutionnel au syndicalisme au niveau macro ont influencé la manière dont le personnel universitaire a été affecté aux niveaux méso et micro. La restructuration des universités, dans les deux pays, a eu un impact négatif sur la sécurité d'emploi et les perspectives de carrière, ce qui a entraîné une diminution de la satisfaction professionnelle et une augmentation du stress. Pour de nombreux membres du personnel professionnel, le travail à domicile était nouveau et libérateur, tandis que pour d’autres membres du personnel universitaire, le travail à domicile était une expérience négative. Notre analyse démontre que les expériences du personnel universitaire ont été influencées par d'autres facteurs que les modalités de travail mises en place par les universités pendant la pandémie de COVID-19. Les approches des universités en matière de protection de l'emploi, de restructuration et d'engagement avec le personnel par le biais des syndicats semblent influencer la satisfaction, le stress et le bonheur du personnel. Nos résultats s'inscrivent dans le prolongement de la littérature qui documente la manière dont les processus de néolibéralisation sont régulièrement contestés par le personnel universitaire dans le cadre de diverses actions individuelles et collectives, en particulier en temps de crise. Nous soutenons que la théorisation des luttes pour le contrôle du travail devrait être étendue aux luttes pour le contrôle des finances.

8.
Front Psychol ; 13: 894431, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022862

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic caused an abrupt change in higher education that had a profound impact on students. Pandemic distance learning required students to regulate their learning more independently and to find new ways of communicating with their peers and instructors. This study focused on how students perceived the learning conditions that they encountered during the first semester that took place online compared to the time before distance learning. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether students' internal resource management strategies, intrinsic motivation, and instruction format (synchronous, asynchronous, and face-to-face) preferences were associated with the perceived changes of the learning conditions. Students enrolled in a German university (N = 330) answered an online questionnaire at the end of the summer term in 2020. Findings from structural equation modeling showed that the regulative resources of attention and intrinsic motivation were significant factors that predicted how students perceived changes in relevance, quality, and support of online instruction compared to the time before distance learning. However, our results show that these factors did not impact perceived changes in social relatedness. Moreover, the results demonstrate that preferences for digital formats were significant related to student perceptions of changes in relevance, quality, and support, whereas preferences for the face-to-face format had significant negative effects on these factors. Only the face-to-face preference had a significant (negative) effect on social relatedness. Finally, the study revealed an indirect effect of attention on students' perceived changes of learning conditions through preferences for lesson formats. This study has important implications for digital integration in higher education and suggests that institutions should implement various methods that foster social interaction and internal regulation strategies.

9.
Int J Environ Sci Technol (Tehran) ; : 1-20, 2022 Aug 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2003766

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus Pandemic is the current biggest challenge against humanity. Apart from the personal health issues and higher mortality by the coronavirus, recent research works have also reported the environmental impacts of the pandemic. The review aims to analyze the current status of face masks and personal protective equipment littering and subsequent environmental impact in terms of microplastic and microfiber pollution. Recent researches in this domain are collected from the leading databases with relevant keywords and critically analyzed. The review results report a multi-fold increment in the usage of personal protective equipment, particularly face masks after the pandemic. Mismanagement of these items leads them to reach the marine environment through a variety of transportation. The results show a significant amount of increment in plastic and pandemic-related littering after the pandemic. The systematic review shows that the use of synthetic fibers in disposable personal protective equipment and masks leads to release of  fibers that can add-on to microfiber pollution. The results are also true in the case of reusable masks as the repeated laundry and disinfection methods release a significantly higher amount of microfibers. Only very few studies have addressed the release of microfiber from the mask, and no studies have reported the impact of personal protective equipment. The worldwide mass adaptation and improper disposal of these materials increase the seriousness of the problem multiple folds. These findings suggest the immediate requirement of critical analysis of the pandemic-related littering and microfiber release characteristics. The research also urges the need for the implementation of an environmental management plan as a mitigation strategy around the globe.

10.
International Journal of Logistics Management ; 33(3):877-900, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1985294

ABSTRACT

Purpose>The COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown have hit the food service industry very hard. The COVID-19 outbreak has created a sharp downturn for firms in the food service industry, compelling actors across the whole food service supply chain to rethink their strategies. The purpose of this paper is to document the impact of COVID-19 on the food service supply chain, as well as to identify crisis management strategies food service firms use during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic to survive the current and prepare for future pandemics.Design/methodology/approach>We performed a qualitative descriptive study using 21 semi-structured interviews with actors across the food service supply chain (i.e. farmers, wholesalers and food service providers). Data were collected to shed light on food service firms' decision making during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic to uncover various crisis management strategies used.Findings>By integrating the disaster and crisis pyramid and resilience theory, four core crisis management strategies to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic are conceptualized, i.e. (1) managing resources, (2) diversifying strategically, (3) prioritizing long-term outcomes and (4) bonding socially.Originality/value>The theoretical contributions include documenting the performance impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the food service supply chain and exploring crisis management strategies food service firms employed during the hectic early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, functioning and survival during a pandemic, an emerging field in literature, are central to this study. Additionally, while recent research suggests that integrating crisis management and resilience literature may provide a more complete understanding of the organization–crisis relationship, these literature streams mainly developed in isolation. By integrating the literature streams of crisis management and resilience and applying these theories to the COVID-19 crisis, our study provides specific managerial guidelines.

11.
Ocean Coast Manag ; 228: 106321, 2022 Sep 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1983741

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 cases on international cruise ships have attracted extensive attention from the international community as well as the world's tourism and shipping industry. This virus highlighted the plight that must be faced by cruise ships in complicated times and situations such as pandemics. The comparative method is adopted to analyze the management measures taken by the "Diamond Princess", "Costa Serena", "Westerdam" and "Grand Princess" cruises in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and then to summarize the common dilemmas faced by these cruise ships, including defects of their internal environment, unclear health-care obligations during an epidemic, weak collaboration between the parties involved and their limited performance, and widespread infodemic and unfavorable public opinion. Given these dilemmas, measures are suggested to deal with the "cruise dilemma", including establishing and defining isolation standards on boards, enhancing the capacity of international organizations, the international community's joint response to the pandemic, promoting cooperation between countries, building an effective mechanism for the broad participation of the whole society, and standardizing the release of information and reasonably guiding public social opinion.

12.
Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies ; 145:755-768, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1971544

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic will likely to have long-lasting impacts on higher education (HE) because of the global disruption it continues to cause. Transnational education (TNE) has been particularly vulnerable and been forced to respond to the disaster through new policies and management strategies. Taking pandemic as a case of crisis management, this paper first applies an integrative review method to synthesize the impacts of the pandemic on TNE institutions in China, and then uses the policy analysis method to explore their real-time governance policies from January 2020 to January 2021. A Pandemic Crisis Management Matrix for TNE is developed and used for the analysis of policies for phases before, during, and after the event. The findings suggest that TNE institutions in China took proactive measures to maintain normal operation during and after the crisis, but paid less attention to pandemic preparedness. In addition, some policies were changing according to the evolving epidemiology, whereas the crisis management objective had remained durable. Theoretically, this paper contributes to the crisis management theory in HE and TNE contexts. Practically, constructive recommendations are provided for government agencies, universities, and TNE institutions in terms of building long-term and transformative resilience and preparing for future crises. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

13.
Farmers Weekly ; 2022(Mar 18):32-34, 2022.
Article in English | Africa Wide Information | ID: covidwho-1970603
14.
Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences ; 83(9-A):No Pagination Specified, 2022.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1958227

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to descend upon the public on a global basis, concerns have been raised as to how LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations could manage crises and generate revenue and maintain networking capabilities. The instruments for data collection that were used are (1) focus groups, (2) questionnaires, and (3) interviews. Being able to operate and remain solvent during this arduous time has proven to be challenging for LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations. In the current qualitative descriptive study, 21 participants completed questionnaires with regards to how COVID-19 has affected the LGBTQ+ nonprofit sector regarding organizational function. Therefore, a qualitative descriptive research design was used to assess challenges that were brought upon by the pandemic, considering the utilization of crisis management among LGBTQ+ employees within LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations. Additionally, two sets of theories were incorporated to address the two research questions, and the conclusions were obtained from the data that was collected. The duo theories enhanced the prescriptive theme of organizational stability within Los Angeles, California, regarding crisis management, to limit adverse descriptive themes that could hamper nonprofit LGBTQ+ organizational operations overall. The data analysis tool utilized was Dedoose and its applications. Key findings indicated that there is a lack of training regarding current and future technology. Crisis management strategies for COVID-19 and beyond were adversely affected. Strategic planning and technology advancements could positively influence implications for practice regarding LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations in Los Angeles, California. Additional recommendations for future research would be to narrow down nonprofits to LGBTQ+ nonprofit organizations, for a specific locality. In turn, this would also highlight organizational structure regarding nonprofit practices within a subculture for future autonomy. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

15.
Jie Fang Jun Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 47(6):538-544, 2022.
Article in Chinese | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1954977

ABSTRACT

Acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children has been reported in many countries all over the world since April 2022. As of May 27, there have been at least 650 cases of such patients reported by World Health Organization in 33 countries. The etiology of the hepatitis is still unknown. Adenovirus has been detected in samples of some cases, but it is also suspected that the immune response triggered by SARS-CoV-2 infection maybe contribute to the mechanism of the disease. In this paper, we overview the research and reports about the acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children about its epidemiology, clinical features and possible etiology, then for the aim to make our country doing well in the monitoring and controlling of the acute hepatitis of unknown etiology in children. Here, we present some points of view from the perspective of infectious diseases and liver diseases in children.

16.
J Clin Med ; 11(14)2022 Jul 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1928589

ABSTRACT

Pemphigus is a rare autoimmune blistering disease, involving potentially life-threatening conditions often requiring immunosuppression. Currently, the COVID-19 pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory disease coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has become a global public emergency. Vaccines are the most effective defense against COVID-19 infection. However, in clinic, there are cases of new onset or flare of pemphigus following COVID-19 vaccination, where vaccines have manifested significantly desirable risk-benefit profiles for patients. Although Rituximab, as first-line therapy, may impair humoral immunity, pemphigus may not predispose to develop COVID-19 infection compared to a healthy population. Conversely, delay or interruption of immunosuppressants probably results in unfavorable clinical outcomes for disease progression. Overall, clinicians should encourage their patients to undergo the vaccination after a comprehensive assessment. The definite association between COVID-19 vaccination and pemphigus remains to be further elucidated. Herein, we provide an overview of the published studies to date on COVID-19 and pemphigus as well as the exploration of their complicated interplay. In addition, we discuss the management strategies for pemphigus patients in this special period, in an effort to more effectively establish a standard treatment paradigm for this particular patient group.

17.
International Journal of Choice Theory and Reality Therapy ; 41(1):24-34, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1888102

ABSTRACT

Applying the concepts of lead management in a world that has traditionally experienced the external control of boss management is particularly challenging in times of crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic. For many, the pandemic has meant a challenge to getting needs met, both inside and outside the workplace. At the most primal level, survival needs are being threatened, and the quality of our relationships can be influenced as we must find ways to work together from a distance. In the workplace, organizational survival also must be addressed. Deadlines remain in place and workers are expected to function effectively on their jobs despite other challenges they may be facing as a result of the pandemic. In this article, the authors integrate Glasser's (1998) model of lead management with other management strategies that can be effective in addressing workplace concerns. The article concludes with a discussion in which Provost shares his experience in developing his own management style and explains how he focuses on how to balance the needs of individuals and groups within the constraints of the system, particularly in the time of stress within a pandemic. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved)

18.
Transnational Corporations Review ; : 16, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1852808

ABSTRACT

This paper aims at mapping machinery value chains in Brazil to check the validity of the smiling curve and the impacts of the COVID-19 crisis, investigating opportunities for upgrading. The empirical methodology is based on qualitative research among 50 machinery manufacturing companies in three steps: online survey, interviews, and poll. The main conclusion is that the executives in our sample are sceptical about the smiling curve in Brazil. The COVID-19 crisis seriously impacted most of the consulted machinery companies, and it has caused significant disruptions in their value chains. Companies that reduced their chain's dependence on suppliers, relying on local networks and verticalization, had more hedge against those ruptures. The executives have shown eight fields of opportunities to upgrade in value chains. The paper contributes to the international literature on Management through its innovative methodology and insights for companies from developing countries.

19.
Information ; 13(4):192, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1809947

ABSTRACT

Cybersecurity threats have grown exponentially, posing a heavy burden on organisations. Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are particularly vulnerable, and their cybersecurity issues are receiving greater attention. However, existing research on cybersecurity has limited referencing value for HEI leaders and policy-makers because they are usually technology-focused. Publications that showcase best practices often lack system-wide perspectives towards cybersecurity in HEIs. Our paper, therefore, aims to bridge this literature gap and generate institutional cybersecurity strategies for HEI leaders and policy-makers from a system perspective. We first review how the cybersecurity landscape has evolved over the last few decades and its latest trends and projections for the next decade. By analysing these historical developments and new changes, we further illuminate the importance of strengthening HEI cybersecurity capacities. As we explore why HEIs face severe challenges to tackle the ever-escalating cyberattacks, we propose a system-wide approach to safeguard HEI cybersecurity and highlight the necessity to reassess prioritised areas. By taking an extensive literature review and desk research of methods that could respond to the cybersecurity vulnerabilities of the next decade, we synthesise our findings with a set of institutional strategies, with takeaways designed to equip HEIs better to address cybersecurity threats into the future. The strategies include: (1) Strengthening Institutional Governance for Cybersecurity;(2) Revisiting Cybersecurity KPIs;(3) Explicating Cybersecurity Policies, Guidelines and Mechanisms;(4) Training and Cybersecurity Awareness Campaigns to Build Cybersecurity Culture;(5) Responding to AI-based Cyber-threats and Harnessing AI to Enhance Cybersecurity;(6) Introduction of New and More Sophisticated Security Measures;(7) Paying Attention to Mobile Devices Use, Using Encryption as a Daily Practice;and (8) Risk Management. We believe that cybersecurity can be safeguarded throughout the new decade when these strategies are considered thoroughly and with the concerted effort of relevant HEI stakeholders.

20.
J. Asian Financ. Econ. Bus. ; 9(3):113-121, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1791695

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to assess the availability of intellectual capital in Kuwaiti private universities in terms of its three dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital), as well as its role in crisis management (crisis preparedness, crisis mitigation, confrontation, and response to the crisis, and learning from the crisis) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Members of the boards of trustees, university presidents, their deputies, and deans of the colleges were chosen as respondents to this study from a sample of (8) private universities in Kuwait, with the sampling unit consisting of leaders in these universities. The study revealed that all dimensions of intellectual capital play a statistically significant impact in executing crisis management during the COVID-19 pandemic at Kuwaiti private universities after conducting the data analysis process. The study concluded that universities should pay attention to intellectual capital in all its dimensions (human capital, structural capital, and relational capital) because of its role in improving their ability to implement crisis management strategies and strive to improve their capabilities to face crises by implementing crisis management strategies.

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