Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 106
Filter
1.
J Int AIDS Soc ; 25(11): e26030, 2022 Nov.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2173088

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Zambia has made tremendous progress towards HIV epidemic control; however, gaps remain among key populations (KPs), such as female sex workers (FSWs), men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID) and people in prisons and enclosed settings due to cultural, social and legal barriers. The University of Maryland, Baltimore Zambia Community HIV Epidemic Control for Key Populations (Z-CHECK) project aimed to improve HIV case-finding, linkage and treatment adherence at the community level for KPs in Zambia. We describe Z-CHECK strategies and examine HIV positivity yield and antiretroviral therapy (ART) linkage among KPs to inform ongoing programme improvement. METHODS: Z-CHECK recruited, trained and deployed peer community health workers (CHWs) for KP groups, with ongoing mentorship in community engagement. CHWs offered HIV testing in safe spaces and escorted newly HIV-diagnosed clients for same-day ART initiation. Z-CHECK also reached out to KP community leaders and gatekeepers for KP mobilization and trained healthcare workers (HCWs) on KP services and sensitivity. We conducted a retrospective observational review of routinely collected aggregate data for KPs aged ≥15 years at high risk for HIV transmission across five districts in Zambia from January 2019 to December 2020. RESULTS: Z-CHECK provided HIV testing for 9211 KPs, of whom 2227 were HIV positive (positivity yield, 24%). Among these, 1901 (85%) were linked to ART; linkage for MSM, FSW, PWID and people in prisons and enclosed settings was 95%, 89%, 86% and 65%, respectively. Programme strategies that contributed to high positivity yield and linkage included the use of peer KP CHWs, social network testing strategies and opportunities for same-day ART initiation. Challenges to programme implementation included stigma and discrimination among HCWs, as well as KP CHW attrition, which may be explained by high mobility. CONCLUSIONS: Peer CHWs were highly effective at reaching KP communities, identifying persons living with HIV and linking them to care. Engaging KP community gatekeepers resulted in high diffusion of health messages and increased access to health resources. The mobility of CHWs and HCWs is a challenge for programme implementation. Innovative interventions are needed to support PWID and people in prisons and enclosed settings.


Subject(s)
HIV Infections , Sex Workers , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Substance Abuse, Intravenous , Male , Female , Humans , HIV Infections/diagnosis , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Homosexuality, Male , Community Health Workers , Retrospective Studies , Zambia/epidemiology , HIV Testing
2.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1):61, 2023.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-2196192

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Brazil was strongly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and the impact of the pandemic on sexual and gender minorities' youth remains unknown. This study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and associated factors among adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM) and transgender women (ATGW) participants of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis cohort study (PrEP1519). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional design conducted between June and October 2020 in Salvador, Brazil. Serum samples were collected from AMSM and ATGW aged 16-21 years between June-October 2020. IgG and IgM anti-SARS-CoV-2 were detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay, and data were collected through a socio-behavioral questionnaire. RESULTS: Among the 137 participants, the seroprevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgM was 20.4%;16.8% of the participants were positive for IgG, and 11.7% for IgM. In the multivariable analysis, the seroprevalence was two times higher among those who never wore masks (OR= 2.22;95% CI: 1.08-4.57) and among those who believed that they could be easily cured of the disease (OR= 2.05;95% CI: 1.05-4.01). CONCLUSIONS: The high seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among gender and sexual minority youth seems to be informed by behaviors and attitudes that contrast with public health measures and the potential severity of the disease when vaccination was still not available.

3.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(10)2022 Oct 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2155362

ABSTRACT

This study investigated an under-researched topic regarding the prevalence of COVID-19 vaccination behavior among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM) and the associations of this with general and MSM-specific perceptions grounded in the health belief model (HBM) and the theory of planned behaviors (TPB). A total of 400 Chinese MSM were recruited from multiple sources (site recruitment, online recruitment, and peer referral) in Hong Kong from July to October 2021, who then participated in a structured telephone interview. Of all the participants, the prevalence of COVID-19 vaccination (i.e., taking at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccination) was 78.3%. Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that, after adjusting for background factors, (1) the general and MSM-specific HBM variables of perceived benefits and self-efficacy were positively associated with COVID-19 vaccination behavior; (2) the items or scale of general/MSM-specific perceived barriers and social norms were negatively associated with COVID-19 vaccination behavior; (3) the general perceived severity and MSM-specific perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, and cue to action were not significantly associated with COVID-19 vaccination behavior. The findings suggest that the HBM and social norm construct of the TPB only partially explained the participant's COVID-19 vaccination behavior. Health promotion may need to focus more on modifying perceptions related to COVID-19 vaccination rather than COVID-19.

4.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 2022 Nov 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2116972

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has created additional barriers to accessing sexual health services among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in China. Yet, little is known about the frequency of HIV testing and how GBMSM get tested during the pandemic. We surveyed an online sample of GBMSM recruited on a gay networking app in China. Among 956 sexually active, 70.1% had received an HIV test in the past 6 months. Among these, 61.0% reported having undergone HIV self-testing (HIVST). Young GBMSM aged 18-24 years old were more likely to receive a recent HIV test, and the number of sexual partners was associated with recent HIV testing [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.14, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.20]. Among those who had a recent HIV test, young GBMSM and those who had anal sex with both main partner and casual partners were more likely to utilize HIVST (AOR = 1.83, 95% CI: 1.16-2.84), as well as GBMSM who did not use a condom the last time engaged in anal sex (AOR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.06-2.34). Among GBMSM never tested for HIV, a majority perceived low risk of HIV, while some suggested that they did not know where to get tested or they were scared of finding out they had HIV. HIVST has the potential to fill the gap in HIV testing among Chinese GBMSM, and future HIV testing programs should emphasize HIV education, accurate information dissertation, and timely point-to-care services.

5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 842121, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2109781

ABSTRACT

Background: The Coronavirus Diseases 2019 (COVID-19) directly affects HIV prevention and sexual health services utilization among men who have sex with men (MSM). This study investigated changes in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing utilization among MSM before and after the COVID-19 pandemic received initial control in Shenzhen, China. Methods: This study was a sub-analysis of a prospective observational cohort study conducted among MSM in Shenzhen, China between August 2020 and May 2021. Participants were recruited through outreaching in gay venues, online recruitment, and peer referral. Participants completed a baseline online survey between August and September 2020 and a follow-up online survey between April and May 2021. This study was based on 412 MSM who reported to be HIV-negative/unknown sero-status at baseline, 297 (72.1%) of them completed the follow-up online survey. Multilevel logistic regression models (level 1: sources of recruitment; level 2: individual participants) were fitted. Results: When comparing follow-up data with baseline data, a significant increase was observed in the uptake of any type of HIV testing (77.9% at Month 6 vs. 59.2% at baseline, p < 0.001). After adjusting for age group, education level, current employment status and monthly personal income, two predisposing factors were associated with higher uptake of HIV testing during the follow-up period. They were: (1) condomless anal intercourse with male non-regular male sex partners at follow-up only (AOR: 5.29, 95%CI: 1.27, 22.01) and (2) sanitizing before and after sex at baseline (AOR: 1.26, 95%CI: 1.02, 1.47). Regarding enabling factors, utilization of HIV testing (AOR: 3.90, 95%CI: 2.27, 6.69) and STI testing (AOR: 2.43, 95%CI: 1.20, 4.93) 6 months prior to the baseline survey was associated with higher uptake of HIV testing during the follow-up period. Having the experience that HIV testing service providers reduced service hours during the follow-up period was also positively associated with the dependent variable (AOR: 3.45, 95%CI: 1.26, 9.41). Conclusions: HIV testing utilization among MSM might rebound to the level before the COVID-19 outbreak after the pandemic received initial control in China. This study offered a comprehensive overview to identify potential reasons that can influence the uptake of HIV testing among Chinese MSM.

6.
JMIR Res Protoc ; 11(10): e41602, 2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2099005

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Approximately every 37 seconds, someone in the United States dies of cardiovascular disease (CVD). It has emerged as an important contributor to morbidity among persons with HIV. Black and Latinx sexual minority men are at higher risk of both HIV and CVD when compared to heterosexual, nonethnic or minority men. Persons with HIV have a 1.5 to 2-times risk of having CVD than do HIV-negative persons. Data suggest that by the year 2030, an estimated 78% of persons with HIV will have CVD. The relationship between HIV and CVD in marginalized populations is not well understood because overall awareness of HIV and CVD as comorbid conditions is low, which further heightens risk. This has created a critically pressing issue affecting underrepresented ethnic and racial populations with HIV and requires immediate efforts to mitigate risk. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this formative, mixed methods study is to use a community-engaged approach to map a behavioral intervention for CVD prevention in Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV in New York City. METHODS: Literature reviews focused on behavioral prevention studies using intervention mapping. In Aim 1, we will use qualitative interviews with HIV program managers and community members to understand facilitators and barriers to CVD prevention, chronic illnesses of concern, and early design elements needed for a web-based CVD prevention intervention. In Aim 2, we will conduct qualitative interviews and administer cross-sectional validated surveys with 30 Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV. We will assess illness perceptions of chronic conditions, such as HIV, hypertension, and diabetes. A total of 40 participants (program managers and community members) for Aims 1 and 2 will be enrolled to participate. To develop the protocol, we will follow steps 1 through 3 (needs assessment, change objectives, implementation strategy) of intervention mapping, using mixed methods. RESULTS: The study was approved by New York University Institutional Review Board in February 2021 (IRB-FY2021-4772) and also by the Yale University Institutional Review Board in June 2022 (#2000031577). We anticipate completing data collection on or before December 2022. Early analyses suggested concerns about illnesses outside of HIV and associated comorbid conditions, such as COVID-19 and monkeypox. Additionally, we noted a strong interest in using a web-based platform for CVD prevention education. CONCLUSIONS: Web-based, behavioral, CVD prevention interventions may be promising modalities to closing the cardiovascular health disparities gap in Black and Latinx sexual minority men with HIV by extending the reach of prevention interventions using community-informed approaches and technological modalities that have been underused in this population. INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): RR1-10.2196/41602.

7.
Cult Health Sex ; : 1-17, 2022 Nov 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2097119

ABSTRACT

In efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19, jurisdictions across the globe, including Canada, enacted containment measures that affected intimacy and sexual relations. This article examines how public health measures during COVID-19 impacted the sexual practices of sexual minority men- gay, bisexual, queer and other men who have sex with men-and how they adopted and modified guidelines to prevent the transmission of COVID-19, HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We conducted 93 semi-structured interviews with men (n = 93) in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, between November 2020 to February 2021 (n = 42) and June to October 2021 (n = 51). Across jurisdictions, participants reported changes to sexual practices in response to public health measures and shifting pandemic contexts. Many men indicated that they applied their HIV/STI risk mitigation experiences and adapted COVID-19 prevention strategies to continue engaging in casual sexual behaviours and ensure sexual safety. 'Social bubbles' were changed to 'sex bubbles'. Masks were turned into 'safer' sex tools. 'Outdoor gathering' and 'physical distancing' were transformed into 'outdoor sex' and 'voyeuristic masturbation'. These strategies are examined in connection to the notion of 'reflexive mediation' to illustrate how sexual minority men are simultaneously self-responsibilising and resistant, self-monitoring and creative.

8.
Front Reprod Health ; 4: 967770, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089952

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has temporarily disrupted access to clinic-based sexual health care for men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Netherlands. The importance of home-based sexual health care has been underpinned as an extension of clinic-based care. This paper aims to assess intention to use, and acceptability of home-based sexual health care among MSM who previously attended clinic-based sexual health care. In November 2020, 424 MSM who had attended an STI clinic pre-pandemic were invited to participate in an online survey; 154 MSM completed the survey (response 36%). Intention to use self-sampling STI/HIV tests was assessed (median; scale 0-100) and compared across sociodemographic and sexual behavior characteristics by Kruskal-Wallis H tests. Descriptive analyses provided insights in acceptability of home-based sexual health care. Of participants (median age 47), 60.4% (93/154) tested for STI/HIV in the past 6 months, most of them attended a clinic. The median score on intention to use self-sampling tests was 86.5 (SD = 33.4) and did not differ by sociodemographic or sexual behavioral characteristics (all p-values > 0.1). Participants were positive toward online sexual health counseling (median attitude = 75.0, SD = 29.6) and their main preferred topics were PrEP use and STI/HIV testing. MSM who attended clinic-based care expressed intention to use self-sampling tests and a positive attitude toward online sexual health counseling. Home-based sexual health care elements are not currently integrated within Dutch clinic-based sexual health care and should be considered an addition for continued provision of care and extended reach of MSM.

9.
HIV Med ; 2022 Oct 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2063719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We studied the effects of restrictions related to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]) pandemic on the use of sexual healthcare and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and on the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among men who have sex with men (MSM) in a prospective, open-label PrEP demonstration study (AMPrEP) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. METHODS: We retrieved data from 2019 to 2020 for participants with one or more study visit in 2019 (n = 305) and from two COVID-19 questionnaires (2020: n = 203; 2021: n = 160). Analyses were stratified for three periods of pandemic-related restrictions (first: 15 March 2020-15 June 2020; second: 16 June 2020-15 September 2020; third: 16 September 2020-31 December 2020 or 1 April 2021 for the COVID-19 questionnaire). Endpoints included returning for care during the pandemic, PrEP use (increased/unchanged vs. deceased/stopped, relative to 2019), and any STI/HIV. We modelled determinants of care and PrEP use via multivariable logistic regression and STI incidence using piecewise Poisson regression, comparing the 2020 and 2019 periods. RESULTS: Of the 305 MSM included in the analysis, 72.8% returned for care during the pandemic, and this was significantly more likely among daily (vs. event-driven) PrEP users (p < 0.001). Increased/unchanged PrEP use ranged from 55.2% to 58.1% across the three pandemic periods and was more likely among those reporting chemsex in the first (p = 0.001) and third (p = 0.020) periods and among those reporting an increased/unchanged number of sex partners during the second period (p = 0.010). STI incidence was significantly lower in 2020 than in 2019 during the first period (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 0.43; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28-0.68) and not significantly different during the second (IRR 1.38; 95% CI 0.95-2.00) and third (IRR 1.42; 95% CI 0.86-2.33) periods. No HIV was diagnosed. CONCLUSION: COVID-19-related restrictions coincided with reduced care and PrEP use. Changes in STI incidence suggest delayed diagnoses. Ways to ensure continued access to sexual healthcare during restrictions are needed.

10.
Implement Sci Commun ; 3(1): 101, 2022 Oct 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2053999

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Same-day antiretroviral therapy (SDART) initiation, in which people living with HIV (PLHIV) who are antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve, willing, and clinically eligible start ART on the same day of HIV diagnosis, has been implemented in several healthcare facilities in Thailand since 2017. This evidence-based practice has demonstrated increased ART uptake, virologic suppression, and retention in care. However, linkage to care gaps exist in community-based organizations (CBOs) in Bangkok whereby as much as 20% of key populations (KP), mainly men who have sex with men and transgender women, living with HIV were lost to follow-up pre-ART initiation. To increase access to and uptake of ART among these populations, this study proposes that trained KP lay providers should lead community-based ART (CB-SDART) initiation service. This protocol describes the combined use of the Proctor's implementation outcome framework and the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to guide and evaluate the CB-SDART implementation. METHODS: This study follows the hybrid design type 3: it is an implementation trial that secondarily assesses service and client outcomes by comparative interrupted time series analysis. Five strategies have been formulated to meet three implementation outcomes (i.e., feasibility, fidelity, and sustainability): (1) developing stakeholder relationships by engaging the CBO leaderships, (2) training and educating KP lay providers, (3) adapting and tailoring SDART to CBO-specific context, (4) using evaluative and iterative strategies to assess adherence to standard operating procedures, and (5) developing stakeholder relationships by engaging external stakeholders. Teleconsultation with physicians and ART home delivery will be integrated as another ART initiation option for clients and allow service provision during the COVID-19 pandemic. A mixed-method assessment will be conducted on key stakeholders and PLHIV diagnosed at two implementing CBOs, Rainbow Sky Association of Thailand and Service Workers in Group Foundation, in Bangkok, Thailand. DISCUSSION: This implementation research may be the first to provide robust data at the implementation, service, and client levels to inform how to successfully task-shift SDART initiation service to trained KP lay providers and facilitate the expansion of CB-SDART in the future. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the Thai Clinical Trial Registry as TCTR20210709004 on July 9, 2021.

11.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 36(S1): S46-S53, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051210

ABSTRACT

Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) in the United States are at elevated risk for HIV relative to their heterosexual and/or non-BMSM counterparts, yet on average demonstrate suboptimal HIV care linkage and rates of HIV primary care retention. From October 2019 to December 2020, 69 adult (i.e., aged 18-65) BMSM enrolled in Building Brothers Up (2BU), a 6-session peer case management intervention delivered across 3 months and designed to improve retention in HIV primary care through to full viral suppression. Peer case management sessions included detailed assessment of participants' needs and barriers to treatment, which led to the development of a participant-centered treatment plan. All participants self-identified as Black, about three-quarters self-identified as gay (72.5%), and 46.4% reported an annual income of $5000 or less. A total of 69 participants enrolled in 2BU; however, multiply imputed chained equation logistic regressions were carried out on the final analytical data set (n = 40; 99 imputations) due to a large amount of COVID-19-related missing data. Although analyses of retention and achievement of viral suppression did not reach full significance, the probability of a Type-II hypothesis testing error was high, and viral load results (adjusted odds ratio = 1.56; 95% confidence interval = 0.94-2.60; p = 0.08) suggested that increased attendance to peer case management sessions may be associated with improved odds of achieving full viral suppression among BMSM. The significant impact of national race-related civil unrest and the COVID-19 pandemic on the target population during implementation of 2BU is underscored.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Adult , African Americans , Case Management , Continuity of Patient Care , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/therapy , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Pandemics , Siblings , United States/epidemiology
12.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 36(S1): S21-S27, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051208

ABSTRACT

Previous research has identified significant unmet need for behavioral health care services for Black men who have sex with men (Black MSM); this challenge has been linked to poorer overall health and well-being. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funded a Special Projects of National Significance (SPNS) Initiative, Implementation of Evidence-Informed Behavioral Health Models to Improve HIV Health Outcomes for Black Men who have Sex with Men, with a goal to integrate behavioral health and clinical care services using four different evidence-informed models of care, ultimately improving HIV health outcomes. NORC at the University of Chicago conducted a multisite evaluation to assess the success of this Initiative, including a qualitative process evaluation that examined adaptations, services, integration activities, recruitment methods, and fidelity. The process evaluation described methods and processes used by demonstration sites to achieve their goals. This included challenges or barriers to implementation and the associated adaptations, notably due to the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency. Our study found key themes that indicated successful implementation were flexible service delivery, human connection, and client representation. We recommend future replicators apply these lessons learned in diverse health care and community settings that serve Black MSM. Additional information about the interventions can be found on TargetHIV.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , African Americans , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male
13.
AIDS Patient Care STDS ; 36(S1): S36-S45, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2051207

ABSTRACT

The perspectives and contributions of frontline staff are critical to the success of integrated HIV and behavioral health services in the United States (US). In this analytic essay, we share five key priority areas from frontline staff at four diverse sites funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration to support the implementation of interventions to improve HIV and behavioral health outcomes among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) living with HIV. The five main priorities focused on: (1) COVID-19 pandemic adaptations; (2) recruitment/enrollment; (3) retention; (4) frontline self-care; and (5) replication considerations. Projects had to be nimble and innovative in their delivery of services; leverage existing infrastructure; and they had to try multiple approaches to reach BMSM and modify/drop them as needed. Future implementers should expect to support frontline staff self-care given the added stress of working under COVID-19 pandemic conditions and in communities with limited and uncoordinated behavioral health services.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Sexual and Gender Minorities , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/therapy , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Pandemics , United States/epidemiology
14.
AIDS New Zealand ; 80(4), 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2044472

ABSTRACT

In 2020, 75% of all locally acquired HIV diagnoses will be among gay, bisexual, and other males who have sex with men, indicating that they will continue to be the group in New Zealand most at risk for contracting the virus. Since the peak in 2016 (n=97), the number of MSM reported to have contracted HIV in New Zealand has been declining, with the number in 2020 (n=49) being the lowest since 2011. This is probably because pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and more testing choices are being pushed and made available to this group as combination preventive treatments. Less transmission as a result of COVID-19 physical distancing measures and more restricted testing access will also have contributed to the drop in 2020. It will be crucial to keep an eye on these figures to see if the lower trend persists, as well as to keep up the preventative efforts of routine HIV testing and linking to care and treatment, investigating potential sexually transmitted diseases. In New Zealand in 2020, little over half (54%) of people with heterosexually acquired HIV had a CD4 count at the time of diagnosis that was less than 350 cells/mm3, which was a sign of a delayed diagnosis of their HIV. In addition, six of the 14 patients who received an AIDS diagnosis in 2020 were heterosexually acquired;four of them also received an HIV diagnosis at the same time. Therefore, even if there do not seem to be any obvious risk factors, doctors should test for HIV in patients with similar clinical symptoms. Through antenatal screening in 2020, three women who had recently been diagnosed with HIV were given the opportunity to choose their own medication and care, lowering the chance of mother-to-child transmission. The significance of the antenatal HIV screening program in preventing vertical and secondary transmission is further highlighted by this.

15.
J Med Internet Res ; 24(9): e38244, 2022 09 22.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2039594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Geosocial networking (GSN) apps play a pivotal role in catalyzing sexual partnering, especially among men who have sex with men. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the prevalence and disparities in disclosure of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use and COVID-19 vaccination among GSN app users, mostly men who have sex with men, in the United States. METHODS: Web-based Grindr profiles from the top 50 metropolitan areas as well as the 50 most rural counties in the United States by population were randomly sampled. Grindr provides an option to disclose current PrEP use (HIV positive, HIV negative, or HIV negative with PrEP use). The free text in all profiles was analyzed, and any mention of COVID-19 vaccination was recorded. Multivariable logistic regression to assess independent associations with PrEP disclosure and COVID-19 vaccination was performed. Imputation analyses were used to test the robustness of the results. RESULTS: We evaluated 1889 urban and 384 rural profiles. Mean age among urban profiles was 32.9 (SD 9.6) years; mean age among rural profiles was 33.5 (SD 12.1) years (P=.41). Among the urban profiles, 16% reported being vaccinated against COVID-19 and 23% reported PrEP use compared to 10% and 8% in rural profiles, respectively (P=.002 and P<.001, respectively). Reporting COVID-19 vaccination (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.4), living in an urban center (aOR 3.2, 95% CI 1.8-5.7), and showing a face picture as part of the Grindr profile (aOR 4.0, 95% CI 2.3-7.0) were positively associated with PrEP disclosure. Self-identified Black and Latino users were less likely to report PrEP use (aOR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.9 and aOR 0.5, 95% CI 0.4-0.9, respectively). Reporting PrEP use (aOR 1.7, 95% CI 1.2-2.4), living in an urban center (aOR 2.5, 95% CI 1.4-4.5), having a "discreet" status (aOR 1.6, 95% CI 1.0-2.5), and showing a face picture (aOR 2.7, 95% CI 1.5-4.8) were positively associated with reporting COVID-19 vaccination on their profile. Users in the southern United States were less likely to report COVID-19 vaccination status than those in the northeast United States (aOR 0.6, 95% CI 0.3-0.9). CONCLUSIONS: Variations in PrEP disclosure are associated with race, whereas COVID-19 vaccination disclosure is associated with geographic area. However, rural GSN users were less likely to report both PrEP use and COVID-19 vaccination. The data demonstrate a need to expand health preventative services in the rural United States for sexual minorities. GSN platforms may be ideal for deployment of preventative interventions to improve access for this difficult-to-reach population.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , HIV Infections , Mobile Applications , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , HIV Infections/epidemiology , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Social Networking , United States/epidemiology
16.
Annals of Emergency Medicine ; 78(4 Suppl):S106-S106, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035724

ABSTRACT

Study Objectives: A non-food-borne hepatitis A outbreak occurred in Michigan between August 2016 and September 2019, resulting in 920 cases, 738 hospitalizations, and 30 deaths. To support the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services' efforts to increase hepatitis A vaccination rates among high-risk individuals, our multicenter health system implemented an electronic medical record (EMR)-based vaccination intervention across its nine emergency departments (ED). The primary objective of this retrospective cohort and survey analysis was to quantitatively determine whether this intervention was successful in increasing vaccination rates. The secondary objective was to qualitatively assess the attitudes towards, and barriers to use of, the computerized vaccine reminder system.

17.
Transfus Apher Sci ; : 103578, 2022 Sep 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2031718

ABSTRACT

In May 2020, after years of demands by activists and in light of COVID-19-related blood shortages, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court abolished the rules that demanded a 12-month celibacy period for men who have sex with men (MSM) to donate blood. The objective of this open web survey was to assess the perceptions and practices regarding blood donation and blood donation rules among members of the Brazilian LGBT+ community. The data collection was conducted between October 2019 and March 2020, before the changes in the rules for blood donation and before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. A total of 1639 adult individuals, self-declared as LGBT+ , participated (54.3 % MSM, 2.2 non-MSM, 43.5 % women). As expected, most of the study participants did not agree with the 12-month deferral period for MSM donate blood. Blood donation was already practiced by MSM, even before the abolition of the restrictions on donation. Among MSM and women, 38.7 % and 41.0 % have already donated blood, respectively. A significant number of participants reported lying in screening interviews at blood banks in order to be able to donate, and many said they knew people who were MSM and disobeyed the rules for donation, even though they knew them. Therefore, the practice of blood donation was already present among these people, even before the restriction policy change, confirming the need for revised rules for blood donation.

18.
Zoonoses ; 2(20), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025751

ABSTRACT

While the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the world is on high alert regarding the second public health threat of a global monkeypox outbreak. Monkeypox, a relative of smallpox, is a zoonotic disease that was initially restricted to Africa. However, a novel outbreak has occurred in Europe, a non-endemic region, starting in May 2022. In the face of this unprecedented event, people should be aware of several crucial facts regarding monkeypox to support global public health prevention and control of the outbreak, including pathogenetic epidemiological and diagnostic aspects. As the cases outside Africa rapidly increase, including in a large proportion of men who have sex with men, thinking about the potential effects on global public health, as well as the shifting epidemiological trends of monkeypox and the insights from this novel outbreak, will be crucial.

19.
JMIR Form Res ; 6(8): e33309, 2022 Aug 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022325

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile phones, widely available in Brazil, could be used to disseminate information about HIV prevention and to recruit gay, bisexual, and other cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM) to HIV prevention services. Data evaluating the characteristics of MSM recruited through different web-based strategies and estimating their cost and yield in the country are not available. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe a web-based recruitment cascade, compare the characteristics of MSM recruited to a large HIV prevention service in Rio de Janeiro according to web-based venues, and estimate the cost per participant for each strategy. METHODS: We promoted advertisements on geosocial networking (GSN) apps (Hornet and Grindr) and social media (Facebook and Instagram) from March 2018 to October 2019. The advertisements invited viewers to contact a peer educator to schedule a visit at the HIV prevention service. Performance of web-based recruitment cascade was based on how many MSM (1) were reached by the advertisement, (2) contacted the peer educator, and (3) attended the service. We used chi-square tests to compare MSM recruited through GSN apps and social media. The estimated advertisement cost to recruit a participant was calculated by dividing total advertisement costs by number of participants who attended the service or initiated preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). RESULTS: Advertisement reached 1,477,344 individuals; 1270 MSM contacted the peer educator (86 contacts per 100,000 views)-564 (44.4%), 401 (31.6%) and 305 (24.0%)-through social media, Grindr, and Hornet. Among the 1270 individuals who contacted the peer educator, 36.3% (n=461) attended the service with similar proportion for each web-based strategy (social media: 203/564, 36.0%; Grindr: 152/401, 37.9%; and Hornet: 107/305, 35.1%). MSM recruited through GSN apps were older (mean age 30 years vs 26 years; P<.001), more frequently self-reported as White (111/247, 44.9% vs 62/191, 32.5%; P=.03), and had higher schooling level (postsecondary: 157/254, 61.8% vs 94/194, 48.5%; P=.007) than MSM recruited through social media. GSN apps recruited MSM with higher HIV risk as measured by PrEP eligibility (207/239, 86.6% vs 133/185, 71.9%; P<.001) compared with social media, but there was no difference in PrEP uptake between the two strategies (P=.22). The estimated advertisement costs per participant attending the HIV prevention service were US $28.36 for GSN apps and US $12.17 for social media. The estimated advertisement costs per participant engaging on PrEP were US $58.77 for GSN apps and US $27.75 for social media. CONCLUSIONS: Social media and GSN app advertisements were useful to disseminate information on HIV prevention strategies and to recruit MSM to a large HIV prevention service in Brazil. Compared to GSN apps, social media advertisements were less expensive and reached more vulnerable and younger MSM. Digital marketing campaigns should use different and complementary web-based venues to reach a plurality of MSM.

20.
EClinicalMedicine ; 52: 101612, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2015139

ABSTRACT

Background: HIV disproportionately affects people who inject drugs, transgender people, sex workers, men who have sex with men, and incarcerated people. Recognized as key populations (KP), these groups face increased impact of HIV infection and reduced access to health assistance. In 1990, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention organized technical guidance on HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT-HIV), with subsequent trials comparing intervention methodologies, no longer recommending this strategy. However, KP needs have not been explicitly considered. Methods: We assessed VCT-HIV effectiveness for sexual risk-reduction among KP (PROSPERO 2020 CRD42020088816). We searched Pubmed, EMBASE, Global Health, Scopus, PsycINFO, and Web of Science for peer-reviewed, controlled trials from February, 2020, to April, 2022. We screened the references list and contacted the main authors, extracted data through Covidence, applied the Cochrane Risk-of-Bias tool, and performed the meta-analysis using Review Manager. Findings: We identified 17 eligible trials, including 10,916 participants and evaluated HIV risk behaviors. When compared to baseline, VCT-HIV reduced unsafe sex frequency (Z=5.40; p<0.00001, I²=0%). Interpretation: While our meta-analysis identified VCT-HIV as protective for sexual risk behaviors for among KP, the results are limited to MSM and PWID, demonstrating the paucity of data on the other KP. Also, it highlights the importance of applying a clear VCT-HIV guideline as well as properly training the counselors. Funding: Research funded by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPQ/MS-DIAHV N° 24/2019), and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL