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1.
Journal of Mental Health Counseling ; 44(4):343-361, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2067415

ABSTRACT

The COV1D-19 pandemic has had an unprecedented impact on mental health. The current study examined symptoms of depression and anxiety and sociodemographic factors associated with increased symptoms among 1,242 adults under the same state-issued stay-at-home mandate. Mean anxiety and depression scores were 58.07 ± 9.6 and 55.18 ± 10.49, with the majority of participants indicating clinically significant symptoms of anxiety (n = 831, 66.90%) and depression (n = 652, 52.49%). African American and Latino/a American participants, individuals under the age of 45, and unemployed individuals or persons working in professional jobs presented with the most significant risk for adverse outcomes. Implications highlight the vital role of clinical mental health counselors in supporting at-risk populations and the need for future research supporting prevention-based, culturally appropriate screening and treatment protocols. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Journal of Mental Health Counseling is the property of American Mental Health Counselors Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

2.
Sustainability ; 14(19):12866, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2066472

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has caused widespread psychological suffering. Anxiety is one of the several psychological disorders that are escalating globally, yet social distance constraints restrict in-person mental health therapy. Anxiety and other psychological disorders whose treatments are limited due to social distancing continue to grow, so there is an increasing need to use mental healthcare that can be offered remotely, especially in the pandemic era. This study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the efficacy of online-based interventions for anxiety during COVID-19. This study followed the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA). We collected data from three databases, namely PubMed, CINAHL, and Oxford Library Press, published in 2020–2022. Additionally, we collected data using the snowball technique. This meta-analysis analyzed the pooled mean difference (MD) and its p-value using random-effects models. Critical appraisal and risk of bias were assessed using Cochrane Risk of Bias (Rob) 2. We retrieved 34 RCTs for systematic review and 14 RCTs for meta-analysis, yielding 9159 participants for general anxiety disorder (GAD-7) measurement and 1303 participants for depression anxiety stress scale (DASS-21) measurement. This study shows that online-based interventions significantly reduce GAD-7 score (a pooled MD of 1.30;95% CI: 2.83–4.65;p = 0.00001) and insignificantly reduce DASS-21 (0.05;95% CI: −2.63–2.72;p = 0.97) according to pre- and post-test in intervention group. Additionally, there is a significant difference between the intervention and control groups, where the intervention group performed statistically progressively better than the controls (−7.26;95% CI: −11.58–−2.95;p = 0.001) (−2.08;95% CI: −6.71–2.55;p = 0.001). Online-based interventions have proved effective for reducing general anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. Consequently, this meta-analysis can be adapted as a model for mental health services in the new normal.

3.
Social Behavior and Personality ; 50(10):1-11, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2065338

ABSTRACT

We studied the mental health of adolescent earthquake survivors during the COVID-19 pandemic by measuring their psychological disorders with the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) and their risk factors with the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). We conducted an exploratory factor analysis and logistic regression modeling and the results revealed that there were high levels of depression and anxiety among the 385 participants. Significant indicators of depression as measured by the SDS were family monthly income, years of education of the adolescents, and marital status of parents. The SAS measured family monthly income as a significant factor predicting anxiety. This study will provide references for future psychological support and early interventions for disadvantaged groups during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

4.
International Journal of Workplace Health Management ; 15(6):657-676, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2063184

ABSTRACT

Purpose>This paper aims to examine the effect of leader–member exchange (LMX) and work–family enrichment (WFE) on anxiety and depression, social functioning and loss of confidence as three dimensions of mental health. Furthermore, the paper aims to investigate telework and information and communication technology-based mobile work (TICTM) as a moderator of the effects of LMX and WFE on mental health.Design/methodology/approach>Data were collected from 214 Bangladeshi employees in the public and private sectors via an online survey. The partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and multi-group analysis were performed to gauge the abovementioned linkages.Findings>The findings reveal that LMX fosters employees' social functioning while it mitigates their losing confidence. The findings further indicate that WFE enhances social functioning while alleviating anxiety and depression. However, TICTM did not act as a moderator of the effects of LMX and WFE on three dimensions of mental health.Originality/value>Despite a plethora of empirical studies on LMX and WFE, no empirical studies have examined the effect on employee mental health as well as TICTM as a moderator in these linkages in the extant service literature so far. This paper set out to fill in these voids.

5.
Children & Youth Services Review ; 142:N.PAG-N.PAG, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2060989

ABSTRACT

• A parenting program established in a developed country could be transferred to a developing country with minimal adaptation, despite minimum resources and engagement barriers. • With some modifications, it is still feasible to deliver a group-based parenting program during a pandemic period. • A modified version of School Age BASIC Incredible Years parenting program was effective in improving both children and parental outcomes among children with clinical levels of behavioral problems. Although parenting programs have been supported as an effective family-based intervention for children's behavioral problems, they are underutilized in developing countries. This randomized controlled study aims to determine the effectiveness of the Incredible Years parenting program (IYPP) in improving behavioral problems in children, parenting stress, and parental mental health. Seventy mother–child dyads from three tertiary hospitals in Malaysia were divided into the IYPP and waitlist control groups. Weekly parent training sessions were adjusted during the pandemic period. Child's total difficulty scores of the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ-TDS), Parental Stress Scale (PSS) scores, and parental DASS-21 scores were measured at pre- and post-intervention, and follow-up, and analyzed using generalized estimating equation (GEE). Compared to the control group at baseline, the intervention group showed a 4.2- and a 3.5-point significantly lower SDQ-TDS at 2 weeks post-intervention and 3 months follow-up, respectively (B = -4.20, 95 % CI: −6.68, −1.72, p = 0.001;B = -3.51, 95 % CI:-6.37, −0.66, p = 0.016), a 5.0-point significantly lower PSS at 3 months follow-up (B = -5.03, 95 % CI: −9.16, −0.90, p = 0.017), and a 4.1-point significantly lower general stress scores at 2 weeks post-intervention (B = -4.06, 95 % CI: −7.20, −0.92, p = 0.011). Effect sizes were small (d s = 0.28–0.40). There was no significant intervention effect on maternal anxiety and depression scores. The modified parenting program was effective in improving children's behavior, parenting stress, and general stress among mothers of children aged 6–12 years presented with borderline and abnormal levels of behavioral problems, with sustained effects demonstrated for child behavior. However, the interpretation of these findings requires careful consideration of potential pandemic-instigated challenges and implications. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Children & Youth Services Review is the property of Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

6.
International Journal of Caring Sciences ; 15(2):1202-1210, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058285

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between traumatic stress symptoms and psychological resilience in nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The sample of this descriptive and correlational study consisted of 202 nurses working in a state hospital in Turkey. The data were collected using the Personal Information Form, the Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist and the Brief Resilience Scale. Results: Post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms were found in 14.9% of nurses, and comorbid depressive symptoms were found in 17.3%. A moderate negative correlation was found between the Brief Resilience Scale scores and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms (r = -0.542;p = 0.000) and between the Brief Resilience Scale scores and comorbid depressive symptoms (r = -0.487;p = 0.000). In multiple regression analysis, perception of health, perception of psychological status and working hours of nurses were factors affecting post-traumatic stress symptoms (R = 0.242;R2 = 0.210;F = 7.691;p = 0.000) and comorbid depressive symptoms (R = 0.241;R2 = 0.210;F = 7.676;p = 0.000). Conclusion: There are post-traumatic stress and comorbid depressive symptoms in nurses working during the COVID-19 pandemic. Post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms increased as psychological resilience levels decreased.

7.
AANA Journal ; 90(5):359-365, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2058151

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychological condition identified in combat veterans and individuals who have experienced natural or manmade disasters or other traumatic experiences. PTSD is known to increase a patient's risk of emergence delirium after undergoing general anesthesia. While this is well known by certified registered nurse anesthetists in practice, particularly those in military hospitals, recommendations for anesthetic management of patients with PTSD is notably lacking. The aim of this article is to provide anesthesia considerations synthesized from available literature. At the conclusion of this article, the reader will be able to incorporate evidence-based practice guidelines to care for patients from the preoperative period through the postanesthesia care unit stay.

8.
Indian Journal of Health and Wellbeing ; 13(3):301-306, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057989

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurological disability that lasts a lifetime. Children with ASD (CASD) exhibit impairment in communication and social relations, as well as repetitive and restricted behavioral issues. CASD may have major challenges and show disruptive behaviors when their routines are altered, which may negatively influence the mental health of primary caregivers, particularly mothers. As part of the COVID-19 protocol, the closure of training facilities and schools, social isolation, and lack of support may interfere with the CASD's everyday activities, increase their caregivers' burden, and negatively impact their mental well-being and the development of the CASD. Mothers may experience psychological distress such as depression, anxiety, and stress since they do not know how to handle the problem without professional support, which is inaccessible due to pandemic protocol. This research designed to assess the psychological distress of mothers of CASD (MCASD) during the COVID-19 epidemic, in Kerala, India. The researchers used the DASS-21 scale to measure depression, anxiety, and stress in MCASD. One hundred MCASD who accompanied their children to autism training centers and special schools in Kerala were recruited using purposive sampling and employed a cross-sectional design. According to the current study tindings, 89%, 83%, and 90% of mothers of children with ASD experience depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. Our research shows that after several months from the COVID-19 pandemic breakout, mothers of children with ASD continue to experience severe psychological distress. Therefore, it is critical to pay special attention to these mothers' mental health and implement a viable intervention program to effectively face challenges and cope with stressors while caring for their children with ASD.

9.
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences ; 12(3):665-671, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2057078

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 process and the measures taken on fatigue, anxiety and depression levels in individuals, and the factors that may cause this effect. Methods: The study is of cross-sectional type. A total of 281 participants who applied to the pandemic outpatient clinic were included in the study. Data collection form with 27 questions and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) with 14 questions were used in the study. Relationships between data were evaluated with t-test and chi-square test in independent groups. The importance levels of the factors affecting the anxiety and depression scores were determined by the Chaid Analysis. Statistically, cases with p<.05 were considered significant. Results: A total of 281 participants, with a mean age of 40.09±12.35 years and 56.2% women, were included in the study. The mean depression score of the participants in HADS was 7.43±3.85. The mean anxiety score was 8.11±4.04. 61.6% of the participants had depression and 31.0% had anxiety. According to Chaid’s analysis, the most effective factor on anxiety and depression scores was that the fear of contracting the COVID-19 infection exhausted the individual. Conclusion: As a result of the research, it was found that the frequency of depression and anxiety was high in patients who applied to the pandemic outpatient clinic. It was determined that more than half of the participants were afraid of catching an infection and this fear caused fatigue in them. Mental health should not be ignored during the pandemic period and both physical and mental health of people should be protected with holistic approaches.

10.
Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine ; 29(3):375-382, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2056911

ABSTRACT

Introduction and objective: From March 2022, China has been in the rapid progressing stage of the Omicron outbreak. However, the mental status of clinical nurses against infection by the Omicron variant of COVID-19 has been not explored. Therefore, a nationwide online investigation with a larger sample size was conducted to explore the mental status of Chinese frontline clinical nurses, and its influencing factors using sound validated and reliable measurements. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and 1,204 clinical nurses fighting the Omicron outbreak were recruited across various provinces of China. Results: The mean age of the nurses was 30.43 (SD=6.59) years. The majority were female. The rates of these nurses with depression, anxiety, stress, and insomnia symptoms were 29.2%, 37.2%, 19.1%, and 48.8%, respectively. The variables of department, insomnia, fear with COVID-19, turnover intention, job burnout, work coping style, and public recognition of nursing, were significant factors influencing the mental status of clinical nurses. Conclusions: The Chinese clinical nurses fighting the Omicron variant of COVID-19 had a similar level of depression and anxiety, a higher level of insomnia, and a lower level of stress, in comparison with nurses globally who experienced the initial period of the pandemic. Targeted investigation and interventions are urgently needed for Chinese frontline clinical nurses with high levels of anxiety, depression and insomnia, who fought against infection by Omicron. Much more professional advocacy is strongly recommended during control of the pandemic and recovery to consolidate the role and influence of nurses. The contribution and visibility of nursing should be recognized not only by the medical professionals, but by the public in general.

11.
Psych ; 4(3):560-573, 2022.
Article in English | Academic Search Complete | ID: covidwho-2055333

ABSTRACT

(1) Background: Climate change is a major threat to human health and new research is highlighting its effects on physical health. However, there is still little research on the psychological effects, particularly on young people, who seem to be disproportionately affected. (2) Objectives: In this context, we conducted a study focusing on the young adult population to identify psychosocial and behavioral factors that may modulate the intensity of this anxiety. (3) Method: A cross-sectional study by questionnaire was carried out on a sample of 369 young French adults. Data were analyzed via structural equation modelling. (4) Results: The main results suggest that: (1) CFC and information seeking predict climate anxiety, which in turn predicts the emotional consequences of exposure to information about the negative consequences of climate change;(2) information seeking moderates the effects of CFC on climate anxiety. (5) Conclusions: This study highlights both the role of temporal orientation and information seeking on the climate anxiety experienced by young adults. These results provide an interesting lever for health professionals to work with this population who may be more vulnerable to climate anxiety than others. [ FROM AUTHOR] Copyright of Psych is the property of MDPI and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full . (Copyright applies to all s.)

12.
Drug Safety ; 45(10):1176-1177, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2047123

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 public health emergency is leading to challenges for healthcare professionals, students, patients with COVID-19 and vulnerable persons, blocking the economic development and mental wellbeing. The pandemic containment measures and the fear of infection have caused psychological distress and inflamed underlying diseases Objective: To analyse the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 on the Mental Health in Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region, Italy, focusing on depression disorder and Antidepressants consumption. Furthermore, to assess the state of adverse event reports, from spontaneous signalling method, in patients taking Antidepressants Methods: For consumption data extraction I utilized the Regional Social and Health Information System. About reports of ADRs based on the National Pharmacovigilance Network I used the VigiSegn app. I accessed on INTERCheck System to balancing the risks and benefits of therapies. I compared two periods from 11.03.2019 to 10.03.2020 and from 11.03.2020 to 11.03.2021 separated by 11 March 2020, when the Director General of the WHO described the situation as a pandemic [1]. Antidepressants were classified using the ATC code system. Anonymous drug utilization was expressed in DDDs Results: Since 11 March 2020 I observed a marginal increase in consumption of sertraline, trazodone and vortioxetine. Regarding pharmaceutical spending there has been an increase of sertraline, trazodone, vortioxetine, bupropion, mirtazapine and venlafaxine. In the feminine gender, I observed an increase in AD consumption in the age ranges < 15 yrs, 16-19, 30-34, 55-59, 60-64, 70-74, 80-84, over 85;in the male gender in the ranges < 15 yrs, 20-24, 30-34, 55-59, 70-74, 80-84, over 85 (Picture 1). Concerning ADRs I analysed one tab about AD out of a total of 2146 medicines and vaccines reports in which the "hyponatremia" is reported on the warning label and caused by significant drug interactions Conclusion: Although the SARS-CoV-2 public health emergency is a rapidly evolving situation, the knowledge about the impact on the Mental Health is still limited. It is likely that the psychosocial demand will increase in the coming months. In the regional context, the thesis has highlighted a very slight rise in AD consumptions and a cant decrease spontaneous signalling method compared to the previous year. These scenarios also depend on the new balance of health services and the lack of access to care (10% of citizens has given up on care) [13, 14]. The healthcare systems will have to face important challenges and the success of the creation of high-quality healthcare reality will depend on the alliance between healthcare specialists

13.
The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine ; 95(1):165-170, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2045794

ABSTRACT

The relationship between chronic stress and chronic disease (including mental illness) is well established: HPA-axis hyperactivity leads to hormonal dysregulation of primary mediators (eg, glucocorticoids, cytokines, etc.), allostatic overload, and neurological degradation, followed by clinical manifestations of disease. Amid the largest public health crisis of the century lay a myriad of challenges pushing people beyond their limit. From experiencing loss of connection or dealing with loss of life to financial shocks of COVID-19 lockdowns or infection by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, stress is at an all-time high, threatening both brain and mental health at scale. Fortunately, there is a way forward: the neuroscience of resilience teaches us that it is possible to resist, recover, and redirect the brain from trauma to re-establish balance in the body and improve well-being. At the same time, health follows a social gradient: adverse and protective psychosocial factors are shaped by wider social and economic determinants of health. This paper argues the neurobiology of stress is not separate from health disparities linked to adverse factors (ie, stress) created by complex social and economic contexts. Therefore, the field of neuroscience is challenged to inform multi-context and multi-level approaches and engage with decision-makers to enact policies and interventions aimed at promoting the resilient element in a wider population health context. Undoubtedly, achieving such a goal for current and future generations to benefit and lead healthier lives requires a heroic effort from all key stakeholders. The cost of willful neglect to resolve these issues is too expensive.

14.
American Family Physician ; 106(3):318, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2033979

ABSTRACT

A collaboration between AFP and the Lown Institute promotes a vision of delivering health care that is based on the evidence, balanced in its approach, and focused on the patient.

15.
i-Manager's Journal on Educational Psychology ; 15(1):11-24, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030579

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 has affected people across the globe in psychosocial and economic aspects. This process has been difficult for most people, even more for some others including (teachers, administrators at educational settings) working in educational settings. The purpose of this study was to understand the predictive effect of psychosocial factors (gender, age, marital status, Additional Time Spent (ATS) on social media, ATS internet compared to the pre-COVID-19 pandemic and expert programs), and psychological inflexibility on depression and anxiety for teachers employed in the Ministry of Education during the pandemic. Participants included 514 adults (49% women). The findings of the study revealed that psychological factors and psychological inflexibility together explained 47% of the variance in depression and 42% of the variance in anxiety. Specifically, gender, social media and psychological inflexibility were significant predictors of both depression and anxiety during the pandemic. In addition to the predictive effect of psychosocial factors, these results indicated that psychological flexibility was important to develop further evidence based mental health services to address psychopathology and enhanced wellbeing. The findings of the study were discussed in the light of literature, and some suggestions were provided for future research and practice.

16.
Huanjing yu Zhiye Yixue = Journal of Environmental & Occupational Medicine ; 39(8):871, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2030329

ABSTRACT

[Background] Since the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic, staff of the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) have been burdened with heavy epidemic prevention control, and excessive occupational stress can cause depression and other psychological problems. [Objective] To explore the status of occupational stress, resilience, and depression of CDC staff and potential relationships between them. [Methods] From December 2020 to April 2021, a survey was conducted at provincial and municipal levels, and the stratified cluster sampling method was used at county (district) level to select a total of 3514 samples. Their occupational stress, resilience, and depression status were evaluated using the Chinese Effort-Reward Imbalance Scale (ERI), the Chinese Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Independent samplet test, analysis of variance, χ2 test, Pearson correlation analysis, and mediation test (structural equation model) were conducted. [Results] The positive rate of occupational stress was 34.29% in the CDC staff, the resilience score was 66.28±15.32, and the positive rate of depression was 48.58%. Significant differences were found in the positive rates of occupational stress among different groups of gender, age, education background, marital status, administrative duty, weekly exercise frequency, chronic disease prevalence, and participation in epidemic control (P<0.05);in the resilience scores among different groups of gender, age, administrative duty, weekly exercise frequency, chronic disease prevalence, and participation in epidemic control (P<0.05);in the positive rates of depression among different groups of gender, age, educational background, personal monthly income, weekly exercise frequency, chronic disease prevalence, and participation in epidemic control (P<0.05). Occupational stress was negatively correlated with resilience (r=−0.165,P<0.01). Resilience was negatively correlated with depression (r=−0.383,P<0.01). Occupational stress was positively correlated with depression (r=0.343, P<0.01). The structural equation embracing a partial mediating effect of resilience on the relationship occupational stress and depression was established, and the partial mediating effect was 0.039, accounting for 10.46% of the total effect. [Conclusion] High positive rates of occupational stress, reduced resilience, and depression are shown among CDC staff in the context of the COVID-19 epidemic, and resilience partially mediates the effect of occupational stress on depression. The study findings suggest that improving resilience may reduce occupational stress and depression in CDC staff.

17.
The Ethiopian Journal of Health Development ; 35(4):328, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027156

ABSTRACT

Background: The Coronavirus pandemic has resulted in an extreme challenge for humanity in recent times, like the challenges faced during World War II. Its origin has been pointed out, and the speculation made on its source directly points towards Wuhan in China. Since then, it has spread across the globe. The pandemic has resulted in more than one million deaths, which is a considerable challenge for humanity. Objective: With the pandemic of COVID-19, prevention of patient infection is crucial. This research focused on the orthopedic operating room nursing model effect based on evidence-based nursing and PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-act) cycle during the COVID-19 outbreak. Materials and Methods: From February 2020 to May 2020, 146 patients were admitted and received orthopedic surgery at Xuanwu Chunshu Hospital, Beijing, China, these admissions were grouped into control and intervention groups, which was based on the treatment provided. Satisfaction, time to bed and hospitalization, postoperative incision infection, and the occurrence of deep venous thrombosis of lower extremities, pain degree score, surgical treatment effect, anxiety, and depression scores were compared for all the admissions between the control and intervention groups. Results: In the control group, nursing satisfaction was less than in the intervention group. The time of getting out of bed and hospitalization was less in the intervention group;The total incidence of postoperative incision infection and lower limb deep vein thrombosis in the intervention group decreased. In the first postoperative day, the pain level in the intervention group was less than the control group. The effectiveness rate in the observation group is higher than that of the control group. Anxiety and depression scores of both groups tended to decrease with time and there was an interactive effect between grouping and time, where these differences were found to be statistically significant (P-value<0.05). Conclusion: The clinical application of the orthopedics operating room nursing model based on evidence-based nursing and PDCA cycle is remarkable and worth implementing during the COVID-19 outbreak.

18.
Psychological Topics ; 31(2):359-381, 2022.
Article in Serbian, Croatian | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2026552

ABSTRACT

Dojenje je povezano s raznim zdravstvenim blagodatima za majku i dijete, stoga krovne zdravstvene organizacije preporučuju dojenje najmanje do navršenih 6 mjeseci. S obzirom na nedosljedne rezultate u literaturi, cilj je ovoga istraživanja bio ispitati razlike izmeðu majki koje doje i onih koje hrane djecu nadomjesnim mlijekom u nekim sociodemografskim i opstetričkim čimbenicima, percipiranom temperamentu dojenčeta, kvaliteti povezivanja majke s djetetom te mentalnom zdravlju (depresivnosti, anksioznosti, stresu). Takoðer, htjeli smo provjeriti koliko ispitivane varijable pridonose objašnjenju varijance načina prehrane dojenčeta. Majke (N = 284) dojenčadi u dobi do šest mjeseci ispunile su upitnike u online istraživanju. Korišteni su Upitnik karakteristika dojenčeta (ICQ), Edinburški upitnik poslijeporoðajne depresivnosti (EPDS), Upitnik depresije, anksioznosti i stresa (ljestvice anksioznost i stres;DASS-21), Upitnik povezivanja nakon poroðaja (PBQ) te upitnik općih podataka. Rezultati su pokazali da su majke koje doje višeg obrazovanja, izvještavale su o nižoj stopi hitnoga carskog reza te su poroðaj rjeðe procjenjivale traumatičnim. Majke koje doje svoju su dojenčad percipirale više neprilagodljivima i nepredvidivima. Nije pronaðena značajna razlika u ostalim sociodemografskim i opstetričkim karakteristikama, kvaliteti povezivanja s dojenčetom, kao ni u mentalnom zdravlju izmeðu majki koje doje i onih koje ne doje. Regresijska analiza pokazala je da dojenju značajno pridonosi više obrazovanje majke, niža stopa traumatičnoga iskustva poroðaja te neprilagodljivi temperament dojenčeta. Rezultati ukazuju na potrebu formiranja dodatne podrške dojenju kod majki koje su imale poroðaj hitnim carskim rezom ili koje su poroðaj doživjele traumatičnim. Takoðer, majke dojilje potrebno je podržati u uspostavi predvidljivije rutine hranjenja i pristupanju dojenčetu s težim temperamentom.Alternate :Breastfeeding is associated with numerous health benefits for the mother and the child. Therefore, global health organizations recommend exclusive breastfeeding for at least the first six months of an infant's life. Considering the inconsistent results within the literature, this study aimed to examine the differences between breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding mothers in sociodemographic and obstetric factors, perceived infant temperament, quality of mother-infant bonding and maternal mental health (depression, anxiety, stress). We also wanted to explore how much these variables contribute to the variance of the infant feeding method. The online study involved 284 mothers of infants up to the age of six months. The following questionnaires were used: Questionnaire (ICQ);Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS);Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS-21;Anxiety and Stress subscales);Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ), and the general data questionnaire. The results showed that breastfeeding mothers had higher education, had less frequently emergency caesarean sections, and evaluated their childbirth as a traumatic experience less often. Also, breastfeeding mothers reported significantly more unadaptable and unpredictable temperament of their infants. However, there was no significant difference between breastfeeding and non-breastfeeding mothers in other sociodemographic and obstetric characteristics, bonding or mental health. Higher education, non-traumatic childbirth and more unadaptable infant temperament contribute to explaining breastfeeding. The findings suggest the need for breastfeeding support for mothers who had an emergency caesarean section or a traumatic birth experience. Moreover, breastfeeding mothers need adequate help establishing a more predictable feeding routine and the optimal approach to the infant with a difficult temperament.

19.
Bioinformation ; 18(6):588, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2025269

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 epidemic has had a significant impact on dental education, psychological health, and students' way of life worldwide. The new methods of teaching and learning had to be adapted by dental educational institutions. Due to lifestyle changes, COVID-19 had a major negative influence on students' mental health. Therefore, it is of interest to assess depression;anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21) levels experienced by dental students and compare them with gender and course of students. A cross-sectional survey based descriptive study was conducted among 356 undergraduate dental students, aged between 18-31 years, at Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January – March, 2022. A self-administered structured questionnaire written in English and Arabic language was given to all the willing participants. Four components of the questionnaire covered demographic information, the effect of COVID-19 on dental education, psychological health, and student lifestyle. In order to establish statistically significant variations across genders and student course levels regarding the effect of COVID-19 on dentistry education, the Chi-square test was used. Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare depression, anxiety, stress scales (DASS- 21) with variables such as gender and course level of students. Statistical significance was set at p-value <0.05.A total of 356 dental students were involved in this study with the total response rate of 92.2%.Majority of the respondents were males (56.2%) than females 156 (43.8), aged between 18-22 years (53.4%). Overall, moderate levels of the depression, anxiety and stress scores (DASS-21) were seen among 46.9%, 30.3% and 35.6% of the dental students, respectively. Thus, it can be concluded that COVID-19 pandemic had a profound impact on dentistry students' education, mental health, and way of life. More women and dentistry students on the clinical level felt the effects on their education. In order to implement psychological empowerment initiatives integrating institutional counseling services for students, the right steps should be done.

20.
Symmetry ; 14(8):1579, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2024221

ABSTRACT

Frontal alpha asymmetry (FAA) has been associated with emotional processing and affective psychopathology. Negative and withdrawal stimuli and behaviors have been related to high levels of right cortical activity, while positive and approach stimuli and behaviors have been related to increased left cortical activity. Inconsistent results in terms of depressive and anxious symptoms and their relationship to FAA have been previously observed, especially at older ages. Additionally, no studies to date have evaluated whether loneliness, a negative feeling, is related to FAA. Therefore, this study aimed (i) to compare FAA between younger and older adults and (ii) to investigate the possible relationships between loneliness, depressive and anxious symptomatology with FAA in young and older adults. Resting electroencephalogram recordings of 39 older (Mage = 70.51, SD = 7.12) and 57 younger adults (Mage = 22.54, SD = 3.72) were analyzed. Results showed greater left than right cortical activity for both groups and higher FAA for older than younger adults. FAA was not predicted by loneliness, depressive or anxious symptomatology as shown by regression analyses. Findings bring clarity about FAA patterns at different ages and open the discussion about the relationship between negative emotional processing and frontal cortical imbalances, especially at older ages.

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