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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(18)2021 Sep 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1834793

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way many people live. To assess its impact on sleep quality and quantity, blue light exposure, and the mental health of Polish university students, a cross-sectional survey was conducted. Almost half of the participants were medical students (47.62%; n = 630). The majority of students were suffering from insomnia (58.13%, n = 769). Almost every third student was sleeping less than 7 h a day (30.39%, n = 402). Our study showed that a short sleep duration correlates with poorer mental health outcomes. Respondents who declared sadness and depression were more likely to suffer from insomnia (OR = 5.6997, 95% CI: 4.3641-7.4441). Difficulty with tasks was also more likely to co-occur with insomnia (OR = 5.4723, 95% CI: 4.3007 to 6.9630). The results of this study showed that the COVID-19 pandemic contributed to the deterioration of sleep quality and quantity as well as the psychological well-being of Polish students. It is important to take steps to promote proper sleeping habits to alleviate the risk of mental health disorders in this group of people.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Students, Medical , Anxiety , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Humans , Mental Health , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Sleep Deprivation/epidemiology , Universities
2.
Indian Journal of Community Health ; 34(1):89-93, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836664

ABSTRACT

Background: The pandemic COVID19, a serious global threat has led to elevated levels of pressure on medical professionals. The research shows that occupational stressors has been significantly associated with the pandemic.

3.
Psychological Thought ; 15(1):189-214, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836634

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has severely disrupted the well-being and mental health of people around the world. Positive emotions like resilience and gratitude have been proven to be able to improve one’s well-being. The theory of Broaden-and-build was used to explore resilience’s mediating role in the relationship between gratitude and well-being among Malaysian adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. The data of 530 participants aged 18 to 35 years was analyzed using SmartPLS. The results showed that grateful and more resilient participants showed a better well-being, and the effects were further moderated by financial income and marital status. The results also supported the hypothetical statistical mediation model in which resilience is the statistical mediator for the association between gratitude and well-being. The results highlighted the significant influence of gratitude and resilience on Malaysian adults’ well-being and explained the role of gratitude in boosting their well-being. It is suggested that policymakers and mental health professionals should consider promoting gratitude and resilience to increase positive emotions and well-being in young adults and help society to be prepared for challenging times of adversity in the future.

4.
Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal ; 24(2), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836514

ABSTRACT

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread rapidly across the globe through coughing, sneezing, droplet inhalation, and contact. Objectives: The current study aimed to assess the impact of the fear of COVID-19 infection on functionality in women with breast cancer.

5.
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior ; 6(4):263-271, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836440

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to various impacts on public health, one of which is the mental health of medical students who are recognized as an at-risk group for developing anxiety disorders due to the teaching and learning system that has changed dramatically. This study aimed to assess the relationship between teaching and learning-related stressor (TLRS) and their anxiety levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study. The population was medical students at the Faculty of Medicine, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta, Indonesia, during September-October 2021. Sampling was carried out using purposive sampling. The dependent variable was anxiety levels during the COVID-19 pandemic. The independent variable was teaching and learning-related stressor based on Medical Student Stressor Questionnaire (MSSQ) instrument. The data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed by Cox proportional regression.

7.
Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics ; 11(6-s):92-99, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1836314

ABSTRACT

Background: A Corona virus pandemic now has had a huge impact on quality of life all around the world. People's mental health has been affected by quarantine. The economic delays could have long term impacts on the psychology of students as they are more likely to be graduated later than they have expected. The number of factors contributed to gravitate the psychological disturbances including online education, financial worries and academic pressure. Aims and Objectives: This Study was to determine the level of Depression, Anxiety and Stress among Students during COVID-19 Pandemic. Furthermore, to see if there's a correlation between demographic profile and the DASS-21. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among the healthcare students using DASS-21 which included a conventional DASS questionnaire along with demographic characteristics. A Google form link was shared through social media-WhatsApp and E-mail and data was collected and analyzed using excel sheet to examine the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress among students.

8.
Chronic Diseases Journal ; 10(1):13-19, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1836310

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) disease had a negative impact on adolescents' physical and psychological health. This study aimed to investigate the association between coronavirus anxiety and self-care with psychological distress among Iranian adolescents during the coronavirus epidemic. METHODS: This was a descriptive-correlational study conducted on 419 Iranian adolescents in March 2021, in which the convenience method was adopted for sampling. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire was used, which included Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS), Corona Self-Care Questionnaire (CSCQ), and Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). The data were analyzed using the SPSS software and also Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression tests. RESULTS: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between coronavirus anxiety (r = 0.279, P < 0.001) and self-care (r = -0.265, P < 0.001) with self-care. The results also indicated that coronavirus anxiety and self-care could predict approximately 17% of the variance in psychological distress (R2 = 0.168;F = 13.55;P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Due to the role of coronavirus anxiety and self-care in predicting the psychological distress among Iranian adolescents during the coronavirus epidemic, it is suggested to design interventions to improve psychological distress.

9.
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar ; 14(2):284-289, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836178

ABSTRACT

According to WHO, mental health is the state of a person who realizes his potential, copes with stress factors, is productive and efficient in society, and maintains a state of internal balance (WHO 2012). According to the 2021 data of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), it was found that the number of people diagnosed with major depressive disorder increased by 28.1%, and the number of people diagnosed with anxiety by 27.9% compared to other years in the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic (COVID-19 Mental Disorders Collaborators 2021). According to the health literacy study performed in our country, while 64.6% of the society was found to have a low level of health literacy (Taş ve Akış 2016, Kaya and Karaca Sivrikaya 2019), there was no study revealing the mental health literacy of the society. While there are some studies that reveal the mental health literacy of societies in the international literature (Reavley and Jorm 2011, Gulliver et al. 2017, Ratnayake and Hyde 2019), it is remarkable that there are only a limited number of studies examining the mental health literacy levels of healthcare professionals in our country (Öztaş and Aydoǧan 2021, Çinçinoǧlu and Okanlı 2021). [...]the purpose of this review is to discuss the concept of mental health literacy, its importance, components, interventions to improve it, and what psychiatric nurses can do about it.

10.
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration ; 39(3), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1836170

ABSTRACT

Use of urban trails and other green space during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic reached record highs around the world. Although the use of these resource amenities has been documented to have several physical and mental health benefits, the density of their use during the pandemic required managers to issue guidance and/or use-requirements to mitigate the spread of the virus. Hence, this investigation sought to document adherence to commonly suggested physical distancing guidelines at 14 trails across six states in the United States. Trained research team members unobtrusively observed over 10,000 encounters between trail visitors. Results indicated that over half of visitor groups failed to allow for enough physical distancing between themselves and another party, suggesting a need for trail and green space managers to consider additional messaging and trail design changes to encourage greater adherence to future public health guidelines. Subscribe to JPRA

11.
Cureus ; 14(3), 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1835743

ABSTRACT

Background: Pregnant women may be more vulnerable than others to the psychological and social effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In this study, we try to answer the question - is the modified distress thermometer (m-DT) useful for screening pregnant women with COVID-19 for psychological distress?Methods: We have used the m-DT to screen pregnant women with COVID-19 for psychological distress. A total of 112 pregnant women with COVID-19 were prospectively enrolled. The study participants were asked to rate their distress in the past three days on an 11-point visual analog scale ranging from 0 (no distress) to 10 (extreme distress). They were then asked to fill in the problem list (PL) which accompanied the visual image of the m-DT. To explore the association between these scores and the clinical variables, binary logistic regression tests were carried out.Results: Sixty-eight percent (76/112) of the study subjects experienced significant (m-DT score ≥ 4) COVID-19-related distress. Regression analysis showed that m-DT score of ≥4 had statistically significant associations with gravida status length of quarantine time, the presence of chronic medical or respiratory disease, fears, worry, shortness of breath, and sleep. Multivariable analysis confirmed that the presence of chronic respiratory disease, shortness of breath, and sleep were independent factors associated with significant distress in pregnant women with COVID-19.Conclusion: With the use of m-DT, two-thirds of pregnant women with COVID-19 experienced significant distress. This distress was significantly related to older age, multigravida, exposure to longer quarantine time, presence of underlying medical disorder, and the presence of chronic respiratory disorders. The presence of chronic respiratory disease, shortness of breath, and sleep disturbance were independent factors associated with significant distress in pregnant women with COVID-19.

12.
Nursing Standard (2014+) ; 35(6):51-54, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1835701

ABSTRACT

While many people are experiencing heightened anxiety as they cope with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the challenges of life in lockdown may be particularly complex for people with existing mental health conditions.

13.
Nursing Standard (2014+) ; 35(5):24-27, 2020.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1835700

ABSTRACT

It seems inevitable that caring for patients in the high-stakes context of COVID-19 will take its toll on the mental health of nurses.

14.
Psicothema ; 34(2):249-258, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1835641

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus pandemic has led to a situation without precedent in modern history. The aim of this study is to analyse the consequences after one year of the pandemic on a group of children and adolescents assessed at the beginning of the pandemic in 2020 and to determine the most effective ways of psychologically coping with this pandemic. METHOD: Two different, but equivalent, groups with a total of 604 (study I, 2020) and 743 (study II, 2021) children and adolescents in residential care, foster families, kinship families or family strengthening programs in Spain were evaluated using the SDQ (mental health measure), KIDSCREEN-10 index (quality of life measure) and Kidcope (coping behaviour measure). An independent sample t-test and a decision tree analysis were used. RESULTS: The mental health of children and adolescents decreased by 9.7%, and Self-Perceived quality of life did not change after one year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nonactive coping strategies predicted worse mental health and worse quality of life. Problem solving served as a protective factor. CONCLUSION: One year after, the COVID-19 pandemic has an effect on the psychological wellbeing of children and adolescents, and the consequences can be reduced if proper coping strategies are used.

15.
American Journal of Health Behavior ; 46(2):177-185, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1835584

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 has led public health researchers to try to improve mental health among older adults with diabetes. Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) has emerged as a means of coping with mental health difficulties in the pandemic.

16.
Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services ; : 1-7, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834982

ABSTRACT

The need for behavioral health care prevention, treatment, and recovery supports, including crisis alternatives, has grown and is now receiving federal support through enhanced funding. When a person experiences severe emotional distress, crisis alternatives are a viable option instead of inpatient hospitalization to address the distress and restore balance. Peer respite programs are voluntary, short-term, crisis alternatives for people experiencing mental distress. Models have evolved in response to funding and regulatory requirements, yet research is limited. The current article describes a unique peer-led program, Wellness Respite, in operation for 7 years, including data from recent satisfaction surveys and the role of nurses in the program. Implications of a home-like, short-term crisis alternative and the role of the nurse are emphasized. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, xx(x), xx–xx.]

17.
Sexes ; 2(4):509, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834885

ABSTRACT

Rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance use have risen during the COVID-19 pandemic, with potentially enduring effects on women’s health. A rapid review was conducted on IPV and women’s substance use in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The rapid review explored two separate research questions with a view to integrate the literature related to: (1) containment, social isolation, pandemics, disasters, lockdowns, and IPV;and (2) the relationships between substance use and IPV. Two different searches for each question were conducted between May and October 2020 and n = 47 articles were included. Women experience multiple physical and mental health consequences related to IPV that can be exacerbated by public health crises such as pandemics and disasters. Perpetrators may use these events as a tactic to threaten, isolate, or use coercive control. Similar tactics are reported in the complex relationship between IPV and substance use, where substance use can accompany IPV and/or be used as a coping mechanism for survivors. The findings highlight long standing women’s health concerns made further visible during the COVID-19 pandemic. Additional research is needed to identify actions required to reduce gender inequities and harms associated with IPV and substance use, and to adequately tailor and prepare effective responses in the context of future public health crises.

18.
Sexes ; 2(1):104, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834879

ABSTRACT

The attention to transgender medicine has changed over the last decade and the interest is most likely going to increase in the future due to the fact that gender-affirming treatments are now being requested by an increasing number of transgender people. Even if gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT) is based on a multidisciplinary approach, this review is going to focus on the procedures adopted by the endocrinologist in an out-clinic setting once an adult patient is referred by another specialist for ‘gender affirming’ therapy. Before commencing this latter treatment, several background information on unmet needs regarding medical and surgical outcomes should be investigated. We summarized our endocrinological clinical and therapeutic approaches to adult transgender individuals before and during GAHT based on a non-systematic review. Moreover, the possible relationships between GAHT, gender-related pharmacology, and COVID-19 are also reported.

19.
Encyclopedia ; 1(4):1047, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1834755

ABSTRACT

DefinitionDigital Mental Health is information and communication technology used in mental health services delivered or boosted through the Internet and related technologies, smartphone and wearable technologies as well as immersive solutions (e.g., Virtual Reality and video games). It is predominantly used as self-help services or with the assistance of a (para-)professional and/or artificial intelligence for the provision of mental health promotion as well as mental ill-health identification, prevention and intervention.

20.
Cancers ; 14(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1834714

ABSTRACT

Low-grade gliomas (LGGs) comprise 13-16% of glial tumors. As survival for LGG patients has been gradually improving, it is essential that the effects of diagnosis and disease progression on mental health be considered. This retrospective cohort study queried the IBM Watson Health MarketScanR Database to describe the incidence and prevalence of mental health disorders (MHDs) among LGG patients and identify associated risk factors. Among the 20,432 LGG patients identified, 12,436 (60.9%) had at least one MHD. Of those who never had a prior MHD, as documented in the claims record, 1915 (16.7%) had their first, newly diagnosed MHD within 12 months after LGG diagnosis. Patients who were female (odds ratio (OR), 1.14, 95% confidence intervals (CI), 1.03-1.26), aged 35-44 (OR, 1.20, 95% CI, 1.03-1.39), and experienced glioma-related seizures (OR, 2.19, 95% CI, 1.95-2.47) were significantly associated with MHD incidence. Patients who underwent resection (OR, 2.58, 95% CI, 2.19-3.04) or biopsy (OR, 2.17, 95% CI, 1.68-2.79) were also more likely to develop a MHD compared to patients who did not undergo a first-line surgical treatment. These data support the need for active surveillance, proactive counseling, and management of MHDs in patients with LGG. Impact of surgery on brain networks affecting mood should also be considered.

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