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Egypt J Neurosurg ; 37(1): 28, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2021358


Background: Cerebellopontine angle tumor (CPA) in pediatrics is rare as compared to adults. We describe a case of pediatric pilocytic astrocytoma presented as a right CPA mass with a concurrent clinical diagnosis of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Case presentation: A 14-year-old boy with a newly diagnosed hypertension presented with a short history of headache and blurring vision. Neurological examination revealed bilateral papilloedema, partial right third nerve palsy and mild sensorineuronal hearing deficits. Skin examination identified multiple café au lait spots with cutaneous neurofibromas. Preoperative neuroimaging suggested the diagnosis of an extraaxial CPA mass consistent with meningioma, with obstructive hydrocephalus. A left ventriculoperitoneal shunt was inserted and the child was subjected for a suboccipital retrosigmoid approach for tumor resection. The histopathological features, however, were typical for pilocytic astrocytoma. Conclusions: A careful evaluation of the clinical presentation and radiological images of CPA lesions is necessary prior to surgical embarkment. To the best of our knowledge, this case is the first report of pilocytic astrocytoma in the CPA in pediatric with NF1.