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1.
Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research ; 8(4):333-340, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2168695

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel coronavirus disease (caused by SARS-CoV-2) has become a disaster all over the world. Based on available evidence, the main organ infected by this virus is the respiratory system;however, various other vital systems can also be affected by potential outcomes. One of the critical affected organs is the kidney. Objectives: This study aimed to report and reviewed Risk of Renal Stones in Patients With COVID-19 Infection.

2.
Boletin de Malariologia y Salud Ambiental ; 62(5):1005-1017, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2168416

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 infection occurs mainly in mild and severe forms, the latter requiring hospitalization and respiratory support due to complications such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), the clinical course of which has been widely described;however, the alteration of laboratory profiles has not been precisely established. A retrospective study was carried out to determine biochemical parameters and blood counts in 32 patients with moderate and severe COVID-19, confined at the "Raul Maldonado Mejia" Basic Hospital in Cayambe, Ecuador, and to evaluate their usefulness as indicators of severity. Medical records were reviewed., obtaining clinical, biochemical and hematometric data. A higher proportion of moderate and severe COVID cases was observed in men, and the severe form in both genders, with an average age between 45-73 years. The most frequent comorbidities were: arterial hypertension (HTA), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), congestive heart failure (CHF) and obesity. The biochemical and blood count parameters with the worst prognosis for severity were: elevation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, prothrombin time (PT) prolonged, total leukocyte count, ne index utrophil/lymphocyte (INL) and decreased lymphocytes. Biochemical parameters (LDH, CRP, ALT, AST), coagulation (PT) and blood counts (leukocyte count, lymphocytes and INL) can be useful indicators of severity in patients with COVID-19, allowing early identification of patients with moderate disease and avoid the development of the most severe form of the disease and its complications.

3.
Sardechno sadovi Zabolyavaniya / Cardiovascular Diseases ; 53(3):21-35, 2022.
Article in Bulgarian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2168023

ABSTRACT

In this review we summarize the current data about the etiopathogenesis of the virus myocarditis and inflammatory cardiomyopathy. Knowledge gaps, available experimental models and future directions are discussed. Unclear questions about the cardiovascular effects associated with COVID-19 infection are commented. This review is based on the latest published data of European, American and Japanese Heart Failure Association from 2021.

4.
Gaceta Medica Estudiantil ; 2(3), 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2167711

ABSTRACT

Introduction: since the first cases of COVID-19 appeared, it has spread around the world dangerously fast. At the beginning, it was thought that it mainly affected adults and the elderly, but in early May 2020, cases of children began to be described, who after being infected, developed a multisystemic inflammatory syndrome, causing death in some cases.

5.
Bioscientia Medicina ; 6(13):2582-2590, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206378

ABSTRACT

A pandemic is an epidemic of an infectious disease that spreads over a wider area, multiple continents, or the entire world at the same time. Since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic on March 11th, 2020, the world has entered a global emergency phase. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way of life and become a stressor in this century. Various factors become stressors during a pandemic. Many people experience negative emotions, such as fear, anxiety, and depression, during the COVID-19 pandemic. When negative emotions are no longer controlled, they will have a negative effect on the autonomic nervous system and cerebral cortex, causing psychosomatic and somatic symptoms. Many studies have shown a significant relationship between perceived stress and psychosomatic complaints. Research has also shown that stress during the COVID-19 pandemic is associated with an increase in psychosomatic symptoms. In the future, negative emotions during a pandemic, if not managed properly, can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Peoples who are vulnerable to mental disorders due to COVID-19 include people with chronic diseases. Stressors during a pandemic can exacerbate anxiety, depression, and chronic stress in people with chronic diseases, causing exacerbations of chronic diseases, increasing somatic symptoms, and decreasing immune responses, resulting in increased infection and mortality risk.

6.
Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services ; 44(3):166-177, 2022.
Article in Persian | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206183

ABSTRACT

Background. This systematic review evaluated the studies conducted on Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) due to COVID-19 vaccination to clarify any possible connections and the type of vaccines causing GBS. Methods. A comprehensive search was performed on July 2021 through MEDLINE (via PubMed), Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases to detect published and unpublished papers. Our PICO was all COVID-19 vaccinated individuals as the population, COVID-19 vaccines as the intervention, and patients experiencing GBS following COVID-19 vaccination as the outcome. Critical appraisal instruments from the Joanna Briggs Institute case series or case report were used to evaluate the quality of included studies. Results. In the present systematic review, 12 case reports and case series including 21 patients were assessed. More than half of the patients were male, and the mean age of male patients was lower than females. In terms of vaccine type, the most common kind of vaccine injected was Oxford/AstraZeneca, and all the cases except one patient had received only one dose of the vaccine. Regarding the interval between receiving the vaccine and the onset of GBS symptoms, the mean duration was 14 days. The lowest mean time interval between receiving the vaccine and the onset of symptoms of GBS was related to the unnamed vector-based COVID-19 vaccine, and the highest was associated with Oxford/AstraZeneca. Conclusion. Through this systematic review of case reports, we neither attempt to establish nor rule out a causal link between the COVID-19 vaccine and GBS, because such a link requires extensive case-control studies. However, we must highlight any events that may occur following the injection of existing vaccines. Practical Implications. The most common symptoms seen in patients experiencing GBS after vaccination included progressive bilateral lower limb weakness, paresthesia, numbness of limbs, generalized body aches, and back pain.

7.
Journal of Education and Community Health ; 9(4):235-240, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206174

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent data from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) confirm that diabetes, along with advanced age, is an important risk factor for adverse prognosis. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the status of COVID-19 prevention behaviors and related beliefs among diabetic patients in Hamadan province using protection motivation theory (PMT).

8.
Siriraj Medical Journal ; 74(12):895-902, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206036

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic is a once-in-a-lifetime incident whose impact touched everyone from all walks of life. Such an unparalleled global event warranted unprecedented measures to mitigate the imminent public health catastrophe and protect risk groups. However, these actions have inevitably marginalized the physical and mental health of adolescents who were at a lower threat of adverse physical outcomes from COVID-19 infection. Restrictive public health measures resulted in disruption of routines from the closure of the school and public spaces, social isolation, loneliness, lack of engagement, and boredom. These impacts culminated in physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle, eating disorders, and obesity and led to physical changes that have long-term implications. Equally, the substantial psychological stress of the pandemic resulted in an increased report of anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, and suicide attempts among adolescents in both previously healthy and those with pre-existing mental conditions. This narrative review provides a brief overview of the current evidence of the physical and mental impact of the pandemic lockdown on adolescent health and discussed interventional implications.

9.
Siriraj Medical Journal ; 74(12):857-864, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206035

ABSTRACT

Objective: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic likely impacted emotional regulation and mood states. The present study aimed to investigate the perceived risk, stigma, and emotional regulation strategies of psychiatric patients, as well as the association between these characteristics, cognitive emotion regulation strategies (emotional suppression and cognitive reappraisal), and anxiety and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study of 282 patients with anxiety and mood disorders was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Participants completed questionnaires that investigated anxiety (hospital anxiety and depression scale [HADS]), depression (patient health questionnaire [PHQ-9]), and cognitive emotion regulation strategies (emotion regulation questionnaire [ERQ]). Descriptive statistics were used to assess the data. The t-test, chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the differences between the two groups, with cut-off scores of 11 in the HADS and nine in the PHQ-9.

10.
Siriraj Medical Journal ; 74(12):836-843, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2206034

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine the changes in patient characteristics, disease prevalence, and dermatology procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the demographic data, diagnoses, and dermatology procedures of the patients who visited an outpatient dermatology clinic between March 1, 2018, and December 31, 2021. Changes in the number of patients, the patterns of diagnosis, and the dermatology procedures were analyzed.

11.
Research in Molecular Medicine ; 9(4):221-228, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205939

ABSTRACT

Background: ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine is a viral vector-based vaccine with desirable protection (about 70.4%, two weeks after the second dose). Few reports were released on thrombocytopenia associated with thrombotic events shortly after the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccination. However, the exact pathophysiologic mechanism of this vaccineinduced thrombotic complication has not yet been elucidated. Vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia syndrome (VITTS) is associated with detecting anti-platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies that are not yet linked to previous exposure to heparin. Materials and Methods: In the current review, based on relevantly reported cases, possible mechanisms are suggested on the relationship between the anti-platelet factor 4 (anti-PF4) antibody assays, previous exposure to heparin, and the involved mechanisms of post-vaccination thrombocytopenia and thrombotic events, which might help the experts for selecting the appropriate therapeutic measures.

12.
Galen Medical Journal ; 10(e2250), 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205804

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 induced cardiac events are reported by many papers, while psychophysiology of association of the COVID-19 and cardiac attacks are not fully understood yet. Materials and Methods: Here, we compared gene expression levels of heart autopsies of SARS-Cov-2 infected patients with the cardiac organoid model of human myocardial infarction and controlled healthy cardiac organoids to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Gene Ontology (GO) biological processes were enriched in DEGs.

13.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 6(e2022044), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205661

ABSTRACT

Background: Rural communities in India are vulnerable to the global pandemic of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) due to a lack of resources and delayed access to information. To address the challenges faced by Primary Health Centers, the Karuna Trust-Lopamudra Medical Center COVID-19 High Dependency Unit (KLCHDU), a collaboration between a local hospital, a non-governmental organization, infectious disease physicians from an academic medical center in the United States, and a local citizens council, was established in May 2021. This collaboration implemented diagnostic and management COVID-19 protocols recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America, the National Institute of Health, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and provided basic training on recommended practices to Primary Health Center and other local healthcare workers.

14.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 6(e2022032), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205659

ABSTRACT

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted unevenly across nations and population groups. Older adults were considered a high-risk group because of their high susceptibility to infection and potential for clinical complications and death. Long periods of home confinement and social distancing foster changes in daily life that impact the mobility, health and quality of life of older adults. This study aims to assess the quality of life of older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic, adherence to prevention measures, self-perceived impaired mobility, relating to others, daily activities, eating habits and constipation-patterns.

15.
Journal of Global Health Reports ; 6(e2022039), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205657

ABSTRACT

Background: Optimism is a psychosocial asset associated with healthy ageing. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) tremendously impacts people's lives and health. This study explored what optimism means to older Australians and how the pandemic may have affected their perceptions.

16.
Journal of ROL Sport Sciences ; 3(1):63-72, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205628

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aims to evaluate Coronavirus (Covid-19) phobia situations of Physical Education and Sports Teachers during the pandemic process and to examine the relationship with their life engagements. The scope of the study consists of 395 Physical Education and Sports Teachers working in Battalgazi and Yesilyurt central districts of Malatya province in 2021.141 people included in sample were reached by Simple Random Sampling Method. The Personal Information Form, the Coronavirus-19 Phobia, and Life Engagement Scale was used as a data collection tool. Independent Samples T, One-way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation test were used in Statistical analysis. 56% of the participants are female, 51.1% of them are married and 78.7% of them are undergraduate graduates. The average of Coronavirus-19 phobia is 52.66, and the average of life commitment is 25.37. Considering the coronavirus-19 phobia by gender, the average of women (56.47) is higher than men (47.81). Female Physical Education and Sports Teachers experience Coronavirus-19 phobia significantly more than males. In addition, Coronavirus-19 is significantly higher in teachers who are worried about the increase in the number of cases. The average life engagement of the participants is high while their Coronavirus-19 scores are moderate. There is no significant relationship between increased life engagement and Coronavirus-19 phobia. In conclusion, the increase in the life engagement of Physical Education and Sports Teachers during the pandemic process decreases the phobia of Coronavirus-19, albeit slightly. However, this is not a significant decrease. Anxiety about Covid-19 increases the phobia and female teachers have more phobias. The fact that women are more interested in news, comments and statistics about Covid-19 disease increases their phobias. Life engagement can have positive effects on people's mental structures. Directing the individuals with high Covid-19 phobia to the activities that will increase their life engagement may contribute to reducing their phobias.

17.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(3):333-343, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205577

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute respiratory syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can trigger the occurrence of respiratory infectious disease Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Patients who have comorbid health problems such as hypertension, chronic liver, cardiovascular and diabetes mellitus are more likely to experience deterioration and death. ACE inhibitor therapy in patients with hypertension has a therapeutic effect in lowering blood pressure and is able to reduce mortality rates in COVID-19 patients, but the benefits of ACE inhibitors in patients with COVID-19 are still uncertain. This study aims to determine how much influence ACE inhibitors have on COVID-19 patients with hypertension on mortality rates. Subjects and Method: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis with the following PICO, population: COVID-19 patients with hypertension. Intervention: administration of ACE inhibitor therapy. Comparison: therapy other than ACE inhibitors. Outcome: mortality. The articles used in this study were obtained from several online databases, including Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords used in the article search were: "ACE inhibitor" AND "COVID-19" AND "Hypertension" AND "mortality". The articles included are full-text English with a cohort study design from 2020 to 2021 and report the odds ratio in multivariate analysis. The selection of articles was carried out using the PRISMA flow chart. The articles were analyzed using the Review Manager 5.4. application.

18.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(3):304-310, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205575

ABSTRACT

Background: One way to detect functional disorders of respiration, heart, blood vessels and muscle oxidative mechanisms is to check blood gas saturation using a pulse oximeter, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. Acupuncture is one of the managements of health problems at the promotive level, preventing functional disorders of the respiratory system, cardiovascular system and oxidative muscle rehabilitative which is used to improve health status, especially those who experience changes in blood gas saturation due to chronic cough, hypertension, hypotension, and muscle fatigue. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of acupuncture therapy on peripheral blood oxygen saturation (peripheral SpO2) in patients with a history of respiratory system disorders and blood pressure disorders, especially old age at the Surakarta Health Post. Subjects dan Method: The form of the research was pre-experimental (quasy experimental), using two groups of pre-test and post-test purposive samples totaling 20 people. Dependent variable Oxygen saturation. The independent variable was acupuncture therapy. Data were analyzed using Wilcoxon's test.

19.
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health ; 7(3):311-321, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205574

ABSTRACT

Background: Based on the reported cases, 16.9% of COVID-19 patients were accompanied by comorbidities. Hypertension and smoking are suspected to be one of the pathological determinants that play a role in clinical predictors that are predicted to cause a worsening of the patient's condition during the treatment period. This study aimed to examine correlations between hypertension, smoking, and severity risk of COVID-19. Subjects and Method: Meta-analysis was carried out using PRISMA flow diagrams. Article searches through journal databases include: PubMed, Science Direct, Google Scholar. articles used in 2020-2022. The PICOs in this study were, Population: COVID-19 patients, Intervention: hypertension and smoking Comparation: not hypertension and not smoking, Outcome: severity of COVID-19. The keywords in this study were "hypertention" OR "high blood pressure" AND "severe COVID-19" OR "severty COVID-19" OR "patient COVID-19 outcome" "cigarette" OR "smoking" OR "current smoker" OR former smoker" AND "severe COVID-19" OR "severty COVID-19" OR "patient COVID-19 outcome" Inclusion criteria were articles used in full paper articles with a cohort design, relationship size used with aOR, intervention given the association of hypertension and smoking on the severity of COVID-19. Eligible articles were analyzed using the Revman 5.3 application.

20.
International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture ; 6(4):366-371, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2205570

ABSTRACT

With the advent of the Coronavirus and in addition to many factors, stress also appears to be more pronounced in people's lives. In addition, in a life full of constraints, the weight gain is also a function of time spent at home. A stressful life-style and home-spend time affects not only the mental but also physical health. Therefore, a number of chronic diseases have manifested, of which the appearance of abnormal weight gain is increasing. Obesity and overweight once considered the problem of high-income nations but now increasing in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban areas. The prevalence of obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016. It is estimated that over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016. Obesity rates in adults were found highest in several countries including Mexico, USA, New Zealand and others. In India, the prevalence of obesity is estimated around 40%. The common health consequences of overweight and obesity are cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoarthritis, and cancer. The manuscript, therefore, first summarizes the nutritional suggestions for the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity. Then it helps in practical implementation by presenting the possibilities offered by gastronomy. In doing so, we present foods that, with their energy and macronutrient content, greatly help to protect against overweight and obesity. Their other useful active ingredient contents are also important in achieving the normal body weight and optimizing energy levels. It is advised that an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are very rich in fats and sugars must be avoided by everyone. Further, the importance of daily regular physical activities should be highlighted in order to prevent overweight and obesity.

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