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1.
Chembiochem ; : e202200561, 2022 Nov 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2103500

ABSTRACT

Peptidic motifs folded in a defined conformation are able to inhibit protein-protein interactions (PPIs) covering large interfaces and as such they are biomedical molecules of interest. Mimicry of such natural structures with synthetically tractable constructs often requires complex scaffolding and extensive optimization to preserve the fidelity of binding to the target. Here, we present a novel proteomimetic strategy based on a 2-helix binding motif that is brought together by hybridization of peptide nucleic acids (PNA) and stabilized by a rationally positioned intermolecular disulfide crosslink. Using a solid phase synthesis approach (SPPS), the building blocks are easily accessible and such supramolecular peptide-PNA helical hybrids could be further coiled using precise templated chemistry. The elaboration of the structural design afforded high affinity SARS CoV-2 RBD (receptor binding domain) binders without interference with the underlying peptide sequence, creating a basis for a new architecture of supramolecular proteomimetics.

2.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 999358, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2089816

ABSTRACT

As the outbreak of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory disease coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2), fast, accurate, and economic detection of viral infection has become crucial for stopping the spread. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of viral nucleic acids has been the gold standard method for SARS-COV-2 detection, which, however, generally requires sophisticated facilities and laboratory space, and is time consuming. This review presents recent advances in PCR-free nucleic acid detection methods for SARS-CoV-2, including emerging methods of isothermal amplification, nucleic acid enzymes, electrochemistry and CRISPR.

3.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 12(10)2022 Oct 11.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2071285

ABSTRACT

The CRISPR/Cas system is a protective adaptive immune system against attacks from foreign mobile genetic elements. Since the discovery of the excellent target-specific sequence recognition ability of the CRISPR/Cas system, the CRISPR/Cas system has shown excellent performance in the development of pathogen nucleic-acid-detection technology. In combination with various biosensing technologies, researchers have made many rapid, convenient, and feasible innovations in pathogen nucleic-acid-detection technology. With an in-depth understanding and development of the CRISPR/Cas system, it is no longer limited to CRISPR/Cas9, CRISPR/Cas12, and other systems that had been widely used in the past; other CRISPR/Cas families are designed for nucleic acid detection. We summarized the application of CRISPR/Cas-related technology in infectious-disease detection and its development in SARS-CoV-2 detection.

4.
Talanta ; 253: 123978, 2022 Oct 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2061902

ABSTRACT

Recently, sensitive, fast and low cost nucleic acid isothermal amplification technologies (such as loop-mediated isothermal amplification, LAMP) have attracted great attention in the urgent needs of point-of-care testing (POCT) and regular epidemic prevention and control. However, unlike PCR which usually employs TaqMan probe to report specific signals, specific-signal-output strategies in isothermal amplification are immature and visual detection even rare, which limits their popularity in POCT. We hypothesize to address this issue by designing a visual-signal-report system to both filtrate and magnify the target information in isothermal amplification. In this work, we developed a specific signal filtration and magnification colorimetric isothermal sensing platform (SFMC for short) for ultrasensitive detection of DNA and RNA. SFMC consists of two processes: an isothermal amplification with specific signal filtration and a self-replication catalyzed hairpin assembly (SRCHA) for rapid target-specific signal magnification and outputting. With these unique properties, this biosensing platform could detect target DNA as low as 5 copies per reaction and target RNA as low as 10 copies per reaction by naked eyes. Benefited from the excellent colorimetric detection performance, this biosensing platform has been successfully used for African swine fever virus (ASFV) and SARS-CoV-2 detection.

5.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; 36(4):122-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2055552

ABSTRACT

The aim this meta-analaysis was to understand the current status of nucleic acid positivity rate of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) in close contacts of novel coronavirus-infected patients in China. The literature related to SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing in close contacts of novel coronavirus-infected patients in China was searched in PubMed, EMbase, China Journal Full-text Data Base (CNKI), Wanfang Science and Technology Journal Full-text Database, and Veep Chinese Science and Technology Journal Full-text Database (VIP) from December 2019 to December 2020. 24 December 2019-2020. The quality of the literature was evaluated with reference to the revised American Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) statement. StataSE15.0 software was used for meta-analysis, combined positive rates were calculated using the Freeman-Tukey double inverse sine conversion method, subgroup analysis was performed according to sex, age, infected person relationship, mode of infection and frequency of exposure, and sensitivity analysis and Egger's method was used to test for publication bias. Results A total of 11 publications were included, with a total sample size of 24 906 cases. The SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positivity rate in the close contact population of novel coronavirus-infected patients was 5.42% (95% CI: 3.57%-7.64%), and subgroup analysis showed that the positivity rate was 4.35% in males and 6.36% in females;the positivity rate was 5.88% in the 0-9 years group and 4.76% in the 10-59 years group. The positive rates were 5.88% for the 0-9 years group, 4.76% for the 10-59 years group and 8.73% for the =60 years group;13.42% for family members and 2.09% for others;11.44% for people living together, 9.90% for meals and 1.95% for other modes of infection;and 1.32%, 6.12% and 9.60% for occasional, normal and frequent contacts, respectively. The differences between the subgroups were statistically significant (?2 = 37.89 to 809.90, all P < 0.05). The sensitivity analysis suggested stable results and the Egger's test for publication bias was not statistically significant (t=0.93, P=0.376). Conclusion Close contacts of novel coronavirus-infected individuals in the Chinese region have a positive rate for SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid.

6.
4th IEEE International Conference on Power, Intelligent Computing and Systems, ICPICS 2022 ; : 906-911, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2052017

ABSTRACT

In the context of the emerging coronavirus pneumonia epidemic becoming a global epidemic, nucleic acid testing as a as a precise prevention and control method has been universally recognized, but because the scope of the test is too big and the production process is complicated, the kits produced by biological companies are difficult to use widely, for this reason I develop some machine learning integrated algorithms which can forecast whether a man is infected with COVID-19 based on three highly accessible features. This method can predict whether a person has been infected with COVID-19 based only on three indicators: heart rate, blood oxygen level, and body surface temperature, and we use several tree integration. We used several tree integration algorithms such as Random Forest, XGBoost, and GBM, and its accuracy, recall, and F1 score obtained 100% accuracy on the test set, which has been better than the current nucleic acid detection methods, proving that this method can be theoretically used as an accurate, convenient, and efficient self-detection method. © 2022 IEEE.

7.
Zhongguo Bingdubing Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Viral Diseases ; - (4):284, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2040496

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the genomic characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 from 40 imported cases with confirmed COVID-19 in Sichuan during January and March 2022. Methods Total viral RNA was extracted from respiratory samples of 182 confirmed COVID-19 cases who entered China through Chendu International Airport from January to March 2022.Mutation nucleic acid detection kit was used to identify the mutant strains and Illumina sequencing platform was applied for whole genome sequence(WGS) of virus.SARS-CoV-2 reference sequences were downloaded from NCBI database for genetic evolution and antigen variation analysis.The Nextclade and Pangolin online virus analysis platform were used to determine the virus family and type,and to analyze the mutation loci of the virus.The phylogenetic tree was constructed,along with the epidemiological data of cases to analyze the source and correlation of viruses. Results Among 182 imported COVID-19 cases,B.1.617.2 mutations were identified in 3 cases and B.1.1.529 mutations were detected in 57 cases.A total of 40 SARS-CoV-2 whole genome sequences with coverage>95% were obtained in this study.Nextclade typing analysis showed that 3 sequences belonged to 21J(Delta),5 sequences belonged to 21K(Omicron)and the remaining 32 sequences belonged to 21L(Omicron).Pangolin typing analysis showed that the 3 sequences of 21J(Delta)belonged to AY.4,AY.109and B.1.617.2,the 5sequences of 21K(Omicron)all belonged to BA.1.1,and the remaining 32 sequences of 21L(Omicron)belonged to BA.2.Our sequence results were99.7% consistency with the Omicron variants sequences in current GISAID database.Compared with the reference sequence strain Wuhan-Hu-1(NC_045512.2),45,47and 42nucleotide variation sites and 36,25 and 36amino acid variation sites were found in the 3 sequences of 21J(Delta).There were average 59(26-64)nucleotide mutation sites and 48(10-53)amino acid mutation sites in the 5sequences of 21K(Omicron).The median number of nucleotide mutation sites of 71(66-76)and amino acid mutation sites of 53(40-56)were identified in the 32sequences of 21L(Omicron).Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that 40SARS-CoV-2WGSs were all related to the current variants of concern(VOC). Conclusions Continuous sequencing of SARS-CoV-2whole genome from imported cases with confirmed COVID-19is of great significance for the prevention and control of the outbreak and prevalence of local epidemic caused by imported viruses in Sichuan.

8.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(6):989-996, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040437

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a public-health crisis worldwide. Accurate identification of the virus that causes COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, carriers of SARS-CoV-2, and infected people is crucial for the prevention and control of this pandemic. Detection of the nucleic acids (NAs) of SARS-CoV-2 is one of the main criteria for COVID-19 diagnosis. Pharyngeal swabs (PSs) and fecal specimens (FSs) tend to be positive for SARS-CoV-2. However, there have been no reports of differences in the detection results of SARS-CoV-2 NAs in PSs and FSs of COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons at different exposure times. Forty-six patients diagnosed with COVID 19 in Nanyang City, China, from 2 February to 17 February 2020 and 27 asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons screened through epidemiologic history and PSs and FSs at different exposure times were evaluated through detection of SARS-CoV-2 NAs. COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons had the highest positive rate of NAs in PSs at week 2 and the highest positive rate for NAs in FSs at week 3. The positive rate of NAs in PSs was significantly higher than that of FSs (P < 0.05). The difference in the positive rate of NAs in PSs between the two groups at 1, 3, and 4 weeks was significant (P < 0.05). The difference in the positive rate of NM in FSs between the two groups at 1-4 weeks was not significant (P > 0.05). The time for SARS-CoV-2 NAs to test positive in FSs lagged behind that for SARS-CoV-2 NAs to test positive in PSs (P > 0.05). The time for SARS-CoV-2 NAs to test positive in the PSs and FSs of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons lagged behind that for COVID-19 patients (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the average cycle threshold (Ct) value of the ORFlab gene and N gene of PSs and FSs between COVID-19 patients and asymptomatic SARS-Cov-2 infected persons at each exposure time tested (P > 0.05). The more severe the COVID-19, the higher was the positive rate of SARS-CoV-2 NAs in PSs and FSs, and the shorter was the time taken for SARS-CoV-2 NAs to test positive (P < 0.05). The re-positive rate of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons was 14.81% (4/27), higher than that of COVID-19 patients (6.52%;3/46), and the difference was significant (X2=8.193, P=0.016). Our study suggests that SARS-CoV-2 has a fecal mouth transmission route. The time taken for SARS-CoV-2 NM from FSs to turn positive lags behind that for SARS-CoV-2 NAs in PSs to turn positive, and the positive rate is lower. Test specimens should be selected according to different exposure times. Attention should he paid to younger asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infected persons.

9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(6):983-988, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040436

ABSTRACT

A new type of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) infection caused acute or fatal pneumonia. The virus is another coronavirus that is transmitted from animal to human and capable of transmitted from human to human, following the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS CoV). In order to control the epidemic as soon as possible, there is an urgent need, for rapid detection and confirmation of infected patients. In this study, according to the SARS CoV-2 whole genome published in GenBank as target gene, LAMP Desiner 2.0 software was used to screen efficient and highly specific combinatorial loop primers. The amplification characteristics of Bst 4.0 DNA polymerase relys RNA as template for DNA synthesis. Viral RNA-positive test results showed that 5 to 20 copies of virus nucleic acid could be detected. The inactivated virus was directly used as amplification template for clinical detection. The amplified nucleic acid molecules are combined with OG (Orange-Green) dye. Positive samples are green and negative samples are orange yellow.. The established SARS-CoV-2 one-step visual constant temperature rapid detection method realizes rapid detection of nucleic acids with high sensitivity. This study provides a new method for SARS-CoV-2 detection.

10.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(6):1171-1176, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040435

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by infection by SARS-COV-2.. The main clinical manifestations are fever, cough, fatigue, respiratory distress, and even death. The virus is highly contagious, spreads mainly through droplets, and has wrought havoc upon human health, national economies, and public-health systems worldwide. The clinical diagnosis is based mainly on clinical manifestations, computed tomography of the chest, and laboratory examinations. For the latter, real-time fluorescent reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and genome sequencing are the "gold standard" for the diagnosis. Choosing a rapid and efficient method for pathogen detection has a key role in improving the diagnosis rate, cure rate, as well as reducing morbidity and mortality. Compared with genome sequencing, RT-qPCR has the advantages of simple operation and short cycle, which is particularly important for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2. Here, we review the sensitivity, specificity, and practicality of different methods of RT-qPCR for detection of the nucleic acids of SARS-CoV-2, and provide a reference for clinicians to choose more efficient detection methods for nucleic acids.

11.
Practical Geriatrics ; 34(9):993-996, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2040048

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of quality control circle on comfortable nursing of pharyngeal swabs collected in the elderly patients for novel coronavirus nucleic acid detection.

12.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; 36(6):997-1003, 2020.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2034152

ABSTRACT

To investigate the characteristics of the nucleic acids of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) -2 and antibodies in different specimens obtained from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients;if a correlation between these parameters and the disease course was present. The throat swabs and stool samples of 39 COVID-19 patients admitted to our hospital were collected in this study. Real-time reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was undertaken on throat swabs and stool samples. Peripheral blood was taken and serum levels of immunoglobulin IgM and IgG measured. Results showed That, Throat swabs and stool samples tested positive for the nucleic acid of SARS-CoV-Z, but nucleic acid levels were reduced significantly 15 days after disease onset compared with that upon diagnosis. The Ct value of the nucleic acid test was increased significantly. Serum levels of IgM and IgG were significantly higher than those of healthy people. nucleic acid loads in throat swabs and stool samples as well as serum levels of IgM and IgG were highly correlated with the disease course (r = 0.7387,0.5696, -0.546 and 0.6117,respectively, P < 0.05). In this study nucleic acid loads in throat swabs and stool samples as well as serum levels of IgM and IgG are highly correlated with the course of COVID-19.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 32(12):1771-1775, 2022.
Article in English, Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2033834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the differences of clinical characteristics, laboratory tests and imaging examinations in patients with Novel Coronavirus(SARS-COV-2)Delta variant infection in Gansu province, so as to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of SARS-COV-2. METHODS: The medical records, laboratory tests and imaging studies of 140 patients with SARS-COV-2 Delta variant infection admitted to Yantan Branch and Zhangye Second Hospital of Lanzhou Second People's Hospital from Oct. to Dec. 2021 in Gansu province were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 140 infected patients, 65 were males and 75 were females. The oldest was 87 years old, and the youngest was 1 year and 8 months, with an average age of(42.65+or-20.87) years old. Twenty percent of confirmed patients had fever. The mean duration of positive nucleic acid was 19.74 days. There were significant differences in the expression levels of serum amyloid A(SAA), interleukin-6(IL-6), C-reactive protein(CRP), basophil granulocytes(BAS) and lymphocyte(LYM) in patients with different types. Pulmonary lesions were found in 101 patients(72.14%) by imaging, and the proportion of abnormal lung imaging in mild, ordinary and severe patients accounted for 55.81%, 73.13% and 100% respectively. CONCLUSION: The majority of patients with COVID-19 Delta infection in Gansu province were mild and ordinary type. There were fewer fever patients. The main clinical manifestations were cough, expectoration and pharyngeal discomfort. Severe and critically ill patients are older and have more underlying diseases.

14.
2nd International Conference on Medical Imaging and Additive Manufacturing, ICMIAM 2022 ; 12179, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2029448

ABSTRACT

Plasmonic nanobiosensors have an enormous application range. It has the capacity to detect a wide variety of substances including metal, protein and even nucleic acids due to the superiority of SPR and LSPR. Plasmonic biosensors have been widely applied in the field of disease diagnosis, environmental conservation and food safety, eliminating barriers of traditional diagnosis methods and providing sensitive, quick and label-free devices. The applications of plasmonic biosensors in detection of many concerned diseases like cancer and SARS-CoV-2 are making an improvement on our medical condition. In the field of environmental protection, plasmonic-based biosensors also show great potential. They can efficiently detect two main types of contaminants, inorganic heavy metals involving Pb, Cd, As and Hg, and organic pollutants like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Plasmonic biosensors could also overcome challenges on food allergen detection. This paper mainly focusses on SPR and LSPR-based nanobiosensors' application in environmental protection, food safety and health-care. © 2022 SPIE. Downloading of the is permitted for personal use only.

15.
Zoonoses ; 2(5), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2025745

ABSTRACT

During the COVID-19 pandemic, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has become the gold standard for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA worldwide. However, PCR-based nucleic acid detection technology remains relatively time-consuming, and requires specialized instrumentation and technical personnel;therefore, PCR is difficult to apply at primary-level medical institutions. Antibody-based detection has limitations because of the late appearance of antibodies, thus making early diagnosis difficult, whereas antigen-based detection has insufficient sensitivity, thus resulting in a high false-negative rate. Here, we briefly summarize the development and applications of the nucleic acid isothermal amplification technique (IAT) and describe four major IATs used for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in mainland China, which have been officially approved by the National Medical Products Administration. In particular, we elaborate on the strengths and weakness of the different IAT in practical settings. We also discuss the outlook for IAT development and propose considerations for the future use of IATs in China.

16.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; 38(7):577-581, 2022.
Article in Chinese | GIM | ID: covidwho-2024428

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to develop a rapid diagnostic method for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid based on recombinase polymerase amplification combined with a lateral flow dipstick (RPA-LFD), to provide technical support for the prevention and control of SARS-CoV-2 epidemics in basic hospitals and remote areas. According to the conserved nucleotide sequence of the N gene of SARS-CoV-2, the best recombinase polymerase amplification primers and lateral flow strip probes were designed, analyzed and screened in bioinformatics software. The reaction conditions for recombinase polymerase amplification were optimized, and the sensitivity and specificity of the established method were examined. The RPA-LFD assay for detecting SARS-CoV-2 performed best at 37 degrees C at 15 min. The lowest quantity of SARS-CoV-2 detected in a reaction was 100 fg. No cross-reaction with influenza virus, para-influenza virus, rhinovirus and adenovirus in the RPA-LFD assay was found. Thus, an easily performed, rapid diagnostic method for detecting SARS-CoV-2 with high sensitivity and specificity was established. In conclusion, our preliminary rapid diagnostic method for detecting SARS-CoV-2 with good sensitivity and specificity through RPA-LFD is worthy of further clinical application.

17.
Applied Sciences ; 12(16):8262, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2023100

ABSTRACT

Exosomal nanoparticles (exosomes or nanovesicles) are biogenic membrane vesicles secreted by various cell types and represent a conservative mechanism of intercellular and interspecies communication in pro- and eukaryotic organisms. By transporting specific proteins, nucleic acids, and low molecular weight metabolites, the exosomes are involved in the regulation of developmental processes, activation of the immune system, and the development of a protective response to stress. Recently, the plant nanovesicles, due to an economical and affordable source of their production, have attracted a lot of attention in the biomedical field. Being a natural transport system, the plant exosomes represent a promising platform in biomedicine for the delivery of molecules of both endogenous and exogenous origin. This review presents current data on the biogenesis of plant exosomes and their composition, as well as mechanisms of their loading with various therapeutic compounds, which are determining factors for their possible practical use. We believe that further research in this area will significantly expand the potential of targeted therapy, particularly targeted gene regulation via the small RNAs, due to the use of plant exosomes in clinical practice.

18.
Chinese Journal of Nosocomiology ; 32(9):1426-1429, 2022.
Article in English, Chinese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2012888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To collect aerosol from isolation wards of a designated COVID-19 hospital and conduct the nucleic acid test so as to provide scientific basis for prevention and control of COVID-19. METHODS: The air aerosol specimens were collected from layout sites in the isolation wards of the hospital by using bioaerosol collector, and the COVID-19 nucleic acid test was carried out for all of the specimens by using fluorescent polymerase chain reaction(PCR) and digital PCR. RESULTS: A total of 86 aerosol samples were collected, all of which were tested negative for the fluorescent PCR, the result of the digital PCR test showed that 14 air aerosol samples were tested positive for COVID-19 nucleic acid, with the detection rate 16.28%. The toilets of the patients and taking-off area of protective supplies of healthcare workers were the major places where the specimens were tested positive. The positive rate of nucleic acid test was significantly higher in in intensive care units than in common wards, however, there was no significant difference in the positive rate of nucleic acid among the aerosol specimens in different wards(?-2=7.871, P=0.248);there was no significant difference in the positive rate of nucleic acid of aerosol between the patients with CT value more than 30 and the patients with CT value no more than 30(?-2=0.232, P=0.630). CONCLUSION: There are still viral nucleic acids in the air aerosol of the isolation wards during the middle and late disease course of the COVID-19 patients, but the copy number of novel coronavirus is not large in the specimens. The detection rate of the viral nucleic acid is high in the aerosol of the wards that are crowed and poorly ventilated and are associated with the cases. It is necessary for the health care workers to take good care of themselves, keep the environment well ventilated and do a good job in environmental cleaning and disinfection and air purification.

19.
25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, MicroTAS 2021 ; : 151-152, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012630

ABSTRACT

We present a nucleic acid-based point-of-care diagnostic for the detection of the SARS-CoV-2 from saliva using an additively manufactured microfluidic cartridge. The assay uses reverse transcriptase loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA on-cartridge in a point-of-care optical detection system based on a smartphone. We show positive results within the 10-30 minutes range and integrated biological controls on the cartridge. We demonstrate the microfluidic diagnostic with human patient samples, with results that are consistent with the off-cartridge validation. © 2021 MicroTAS 2021 - 25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences. All rights reserved.

20.
25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, MicroTAS 2021 ; : 863-864, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2012593

ABSTRACT

The demand for scalable, rapid and sensitive COVID-19 diagnostics is particularly pressing at present to help contain the spread of infection and prevent overwhelming the capacity of health systems. While high-income countries have managed to rapidly expand diagnostic capacities, such is not the case in resource-limited settings of low- to medium-income countries. We report the development of an integrated modular centrifugal microfluidic platform costing less than 250 USD to perform loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of viral RNA directly from heat-inactivated nasopharyngeal swab samples. The platform was validated with a panel of 131 nasopharyngeal swab samples collected from symptomatic COVID-19 patients. © 2021 MicroTAS 2021 - 25th International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences. All rights reserved.

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