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1.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 45:928-935, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957968

ABSTRACT

Sports facilities are necessary for the practice of physical activity and these must comply with the minimum accessibility and safety requirements established to guarantee quality standards, as well as compliance with prevention and hygiene measures during the pandemic caused by COVID-19. The aim of this study was to analyse the degree of compliance with regard to the criteria of safety, accessibility and prevention and hygiene measures of sports facilities and equipment during COVID-19 in the Region of Murcia. To this end, a total of 34 sports facilities, 59 complementary spaces and 43 sports equipment were analysed, using a quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional methodology. A total of seven ad hoc observation sheets were designed, comprising a total of 410 items and based on the applicable regulations and legislation in force. The results show that flooring is the sub-area with the highest degree of compliance, in toilets and changing rooms (89%) and in sports halls and fitness centres (92.14%). Signage and information show the lowest percentage of compliance in the three areas analysed, sports halls and fitness centres (65%), toilets and changing rooms (37%) and grandstands (42%). The analysis highlights the need to review and remedy the non-compliances detected in order to guarantee the quality of the sports facilities.

2.
The Sport Journal ; 25(10), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1957922

ABSTRACT

Purpose: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, national restrictions were implemented limiting social gatherings and disrupting many facets of everyday life including sports. To gain a better understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the social and emotional well-being of children and adolescents in sports, the present study examined parental perspectives of female youth competitive cheerleaders during the national pandemic.

3.
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice ; 28(Suppl. 1):S1-S110, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957724

ABSTRACT

This special issue includes 15 articles focusing on how public health professionals at local, state, and federal agencies and at academic institutions can address the pervasive structural racism against Asians by making them visible. Topics discussed are: anti-Latino racism, the racial state, and revising approaches to racial disparities;conquering the health disparities of structural racism;embedding equity in a local government's Response to COVID-19;the Massachusetts racial equity data road map;the power of community in addressing infant mortality inequities;disparities across income and health insurance in a national sample of US adults;community-informed mobile COVID-19 testing model to addressing health inequities.

4.
Annals of Epidemiology ; 67:102-131, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1957708

ABSTRACT

This conference proceeding contain 39 articles that discuss epidemiology in the US. Topics include the Millenium Cohort Study, The CRONICAS Cohort Study, religious beliefs, coping mechanisms and type 2 diabetes, spatio-temporal modelling of COVID-19, cigarette smoking and spinal pain, self-perceived health status and obesity, oral cancer and smoking, renal impairment and diabetes, depression and BMI, affordable housing and COVID-19, opioid misuse among youth, emotions and cancer prevention, influenza vaccination among adults, blood lead levels and private wells, and air pollution and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

5.
Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences ; 52(3):641-648, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935086

ABSTRACT

Background/aim: The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the predictive values of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) and Creatinine Index (CI) in the short-term mortality of maintenance hemodialysis patients and to determine their best cut-offs. Material and Methods: A total of 169 adult hemodialysis patients were included in this retrospective, cross-sectional, and single-center study. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of the month in which the patients were included in the study were obtained from their medical files and computer records. All-cause death was the primary outcome of the study during a 12-month follow-up after baseline GNRI and CI calculations.

6.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):207-213, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935002

ABSTRACT

Aim: Healthcare workers are the most risky group in terms of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission. The aim of this study was to reveal the relationships related to the departments in which contact healthcare workers work, personal protective equipment (PPE) use status, risk category, clinical picture and prognosis in follow-up. Materials and Methods: Healthcare workers who had contact with COVID-19 cases in our hospital between March 23, 2020 and June 1, 2020 were included in the study. The healthcare workers included in the study were divided into 3 groups according to their main departments and evaluated. In addition, healthcare workers included in the study were divided into groups and evaluated according to PPE use and risk categories, regardless of the departments they work in.

7.
Journal of Biotechnology and Strategic Health Research ; 5(3):200-206, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1935001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate oral hygiene habits and periodontal disease status with teledentistry and to compare oral hygiene and periodontal disease status according to the COVID-19 history. Materials and Methods: Patients who had applied to our faculty before the pandemic and were reached via teledentistry were included. A questionnaire consisting of 4 sections and 25 questions was administered through telephone conversation. Demographic information, medical history, smoking habits, and COVID-19 history (with [COVID(+)] or without COVID-19 [COVID(-)]) were questioned in the first section, while dental hygiene (DH), environmental dental hygiene (EH), history of periodontal disease (PH) were evaluated in the next three sections. The answers were scored in a way that increased values symbolize negative attitude. Taking into account the minimum and maximum values that can be obtained from the sum of the scores;DH, EH and PH scales with low, medium and high value ranges were created. The groups were compared in terms of the mean value from the scales and the distribution in the scale ranges.

8.
Enlightening Tourism: A Pathmaking Journal ; 12(1):70-93, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934994

ABSTRACT

The paper identifies the level of importance determined by the consumer as far as traveling and discovering new destinations are concerned, after the lockdown caused by the health crisis triggered by the coronavirus pandemic. A sample of 445 respondents is used, and an ordered logit econometric model is applied to estimate the importance level of travelling and enjoying a new destination considering the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics and the level of importance attributed to meeting new people, visiting their families, going back to work, meeting their friends, eating out in a restaurant and attending musical and other cultural events. The main conclusions are related to consumers who believe it is very important to travel for specific reasons, such as meeting new people and friends or visiting their families, eating out in a restaurant or attending musical or other cultural events. Family and friends play an important role, considering that to visit them is seen as a priority. This study provides a relevant assessment regarding the priorities defined by the consumers in the scope of the discovery of new destinations, thus providing inputs to the different stakeholders involved in the definition of strategies for the promotion of tourism destinations.

9.
Harran Universitesi Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi ; 11(1):120-127, 2022.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934962

ABSTRACT

Bovine coronavirus (BCoV) infections are widespread in newborn calf diarrhea, which is one of the critical problems in cattle breeding. This study aims to investigate BCoV infection in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. In this study, 94 calves with diarrhea (3 months) following clinical examination were sampled. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the presence of BCoV antigen. A total of 5 stool samples were found to be BCoV positive (5.32%). This result showed that BCoV was low in calves with diarrhea in Sanliurfa province. However, considering the rapid spread of the infection in cattle populations, it is thought that it may cause significant economic losses due to treatment costs and calf deaths.

10.
Revista Salud Publica y Nutricion ; 21(3):1-11, 2022.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934939

ABSTRACT

Food security is a fundamental aspect of the development of individuals, households and societies. However, it is a multidimensional concept among which the employment position determines the financial resources that a person, family or household has to face food insecurity.

11.
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs ; 83(2):169-174, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1934724

ABSTRACT

Objective: The measures put in place to contain the coronavirus epidemic in France have led to fears of a massive increase in the consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Method: Taking advantage of an ongoing weekly Internet survey monitoring living conditions of the French population during the containment, we introduced questions on alcohol and tobacco use 1 month after the start of the first containment. Analyses were conducted with multivariate Poisson regressions.

12.
Agraarteadus ; 33(1):162-175, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934720

ABSTRACT

During the years of 2015-2016 in Greece, an increase of imports of poultry meat has been occurred on a level of 10.2%, whereas in the years of 2018-2019 the increase has only reached the level of 1.9%. On the contrary, a reduction on a level of 14.2% on poultry meat imports, in Greece, between the years of 2019-2020 have shown the possible implications of the COVID-19 pandemic to poultry meat consumption and possibly to chicken meat consumption. Moreover, the Food related lifestyle (FRL) can be defined as a system of consumers' cognitive categories and relationships that connect a set of food-related behaviours, with a set of personal values of each consumer. Hence, this paper aims to segment Greek consumers according to their food-related lifestyles values and is tried to identify the aspects that may determine consumers' behaviour towards chicken meat preference, during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Four consumer segments appeared: "Sociable and safety seekers", "Light concerned and cooks", "Unconcerned and price seekers", "Innovative and moderate concerned". Uni- and multivariate statistical techniques have been used. Consumers' profiles that demonst-rated different food-related attitudes towards the pandemic were analysed with the use of variables: gender, age, marital status, educational level, monthly income and chicken meat quality cues. Significant differences were found between the four segments in terms of gender, age and income. Moreover, "Light concerned and cooks" and "Innovative and moderate concerned" consumers revealed to consider the place of purchasing as a dominant extrinsic quality cue of chicken meat. Furthermore, these consumers appeared to trust butcher in terms of the safety of chicken meat that they purchased, whereas only the consumers of the segment of "Light concerned and cooks" showed a willingness to pay a higher amount for chicken meat that is produced by animal welfare standards.

13.
Erciyes Medical Journal ; 44(4):423-429, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1934714

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors, clinical findings, treatment methods and short-term outcomes of infants born to mothers with COVID-19 infection and infants with COVID-19 infection. Materials and Methods: Data of infants born to mothers with COVID-19 infection and infants with COVID-19 infection treated in our Newborn Intensive Care Unit between 1 March 2020 and 1 April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed.

14.
Journal of Japan Society of Sports Industry ; 32(2):229-239, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934540

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on high school athletics. The Japan High School Athletic Federation, which is the central sports organization of the high school athletics competition, and the National High School Athletic Federation, which is the governing body of the high school sports organization, manage the high school athletics category under the umbrella of the National High School Athletic Federation. This paper aimed to analyze the kind of relationship being built with the National Athletics Department, which is responsible for the actual management of the tournament, and to verify whether there is a conflict between the National Athletics Department and the National Athletics Department. Specifically, we analyzed the actual functions of the National High School Championships, the Japan Association of Athletics Federations, and the National High School Championships, and the level of support each organization had at the Inter-High School Championships held during the coronavirus pandemic. Then, based on the articles of incorporation and regulations of each organization, we organized the objectives, business contents, and decision-making of the three organizational operations, and observed conflicts. We found that the National High School Federation and the National High School Federation Land Specialization Department have four local conditions of conflict : "ambiguity of work in charge", "reciprocity of tasks", "common resources", and "mismatch of social evaluation".

15.
Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi ; 79(2):229-242, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1934516

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Acinetobacter baumannii is an important causative agent of ventilation-associated pneumonia capable of long-term survival in the hospital setting. Increasing resistance to antibiotics effective against this pathogen is of concern. In this study, the antibiotic resistance profiles of A. baumannii strains grown in endotracheal aspirate (ETA) cultures in intensive care units and the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the resistance profiles in our province where the highest number of cases were observed in our country for a long time were investigated. METHODS: Our study included 74 A. baumannii isolates isolated from ETA samples that was sent to our laboratory from the intensive care units of Bafra State Hospital between January 2019 and December 2020. Bacteria were identified using conventional methods and a semi automatic bacterial identification system Vitek-2 (bioMerieux, France). The antibiotic susceptibility tests of the isolated strains were studied in accordance with the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) standards. Antibiotic susceptibility of A. baumannii strains was tested with Vitek-2 system. RESULTS: The mean age and standard deviations of 18 patients before the COVID-19 pandemic and 56 patients after the pandemic were found to be 83.0 +or- 8.3 and 70.5 +or- 14.9 (p < 0.001), respectively. A statistically significant difference was found between the distributions of gender by years (p=0.025). While 55.6% of the patients were female in 2019, 73.2% of the patients in 2020 were male. There was no difference between the two periods in terms of death rates (p=0.628) and respiratory support needs (p=0.191). It was determined that the pandemic increased the number of isolated A. baumannii by 311%. For the two periods, resistance was greatest for piperacillin/tazobactam, ceftazidime, ciprofloxacin and against imipenem. Examinig the two periods, amikacin resistance was seen to a lesser extent in 2020. A statistically significant difference was found between tigecycline resistance rates according to years (p < 0.001). While the tigecycline susceptibility of strains was 88.9% in 2019, it was found to be 26.8% in 2020.11.1% of the strains in 2019 and 64.3% in 2020 were found to be moderately susceptible. In this study, colistin resistance was observed in one (1.4%) of all isolates, while tigecycline resistance was detected in five isolates (6.8%). One isolate (1.4%) was susceptible to all antibiotics except ceftazidime. When the multi-antibiotic resistance of 73 A. baumannii isolates was examined, multidrug resistant (MDR) was 22.9% (n: 17), extensive drug resistance (XDR) was 74.3% (n: 55), pandrug resistance (PDR) was 1.4% (n: 1). Although there was a statistical difference in amikacin, meropenem and tigecycline resistances before and after the pandemic, no difference was found between the resistance patterns (p=0.281). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: It has been observed that the most effective antibiotics against A. baumannii are colistin and tigecycline. It was determined that the COVID-19 pandemic did not change the resistance pattern rates. It is thought that success in fighting this infection will increase when each hospital determines its own resistance patterns, updates empirical treatment protocols based on their results, and clinicians use appropriate antibiotics early.

16.
Turk Hijyen ve Deneysel Biyoloji Dergisi ; 79(2):187-198, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934515

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to negatively affect Turkey, as it does many other areas all over the world. One effect of COVID 19 has been the significant expenditure increases in health services in post-pandemic countries. Our aim for this study was the following: determining the frequency of outpatient, inpatient, and intensive care treatment in COVID 19 cases, the factors affecting the rates of inpatient and, intensive care treatments, and examining the changes in healthcare costs according to patient characteristics. METHODS: This research is a cross-sectional record review. The universe of this study is composed of outpatients and inpatients that have been treated after being diagnosed with COVID 19 as from March 11, the date the pandemic was first seen in Turkey, to November 30, 2020. Within the scope of the study, data relating to the COVID-19 diagnosis, comorbidity, age (< 50 and 50), and gender were obtained from all primary, secondary, and tertiary healthcare institutions in the province. RESULTS: When the invoices of the inpatients who received no intensive care treatment were examined, it was found that the bills of the male patients aged 50 years and older and those with comorbidities were statistically significantly higher. In the patient groups receiving both clinical and intensive care, the mean amount of invoices of female patients and those aged 50 and older were found to be higher than male patients (p < 0.05). In addition to, In all other patient groups, it has been determined that the invoice amounts are below the patient costs, that is, the invoice amounts do not cover the patient cost. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The disease is more severe in those aged 50 and older, those with comorbidities, and it is more severe and more common in males. Consequently, bill amounts and costs of these patients were found to be higher than those of the opposing groups. As a result, the rate of men getting the COVID-19 disease is higher than women. The disease is more severe in males in hospitalized patients, in 50 age group, and in patients with comorbidities. In parallel with these, the invoice amounts and costs of these patients are higher than the opposite groups. In general, the treatment costs of the patients are higher than the invoice amounts and they carry great risks for the future in ensuring the sustainability of the service. Ensuring sustainability in healthcare services depends on the ability of healthcare institutions to obtain invoices to cover their costs. COVID-19 not only creates a big economic burden for reimbursement institutions but also brings a great economic burden for the institutions that provide the service.

17.
Japanese Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics ; 80(2):116-125, 2022.
Article in Japanese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934502

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the implementation status of school lunches and simplified school lunches after a state of emergency was declared due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and the content of a simplified school lunch.

18.
Malawi Medical Journal ; 34(2):154-156, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934437

ABSTRACT

Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 (BNT162b2) conferred a high level of protection against Covid-19 with a proven short-term safety profile. Although cases of vaccine-associated myopericarditis have been reported, the existence of rhabdomyolysis without myocarditis has not yet been published. A 16-year-old, healthy male patient, who did not use any herbal or illegal drugs before, was admitted with muscle pain that developed after the second dose of BNT162b2 vaccine. Cardiac examination and heart enzymes were normal and the patient had significantly higher creatinine kinase levels. The patient, whose enzymes returned to normal with only force hydration therapy, recovered without complications. Reporting the side effects of the vaccine, which has a short history of application to large populations, is of vital importance in the conduct of vaccine development studies and in identifying the risky group in terms of side effects.

19.
Malawi Medical Journal ; 34(2):95-104, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934436

ABSTRACT

Background: The pandemic called "Coronavirus Disease 2019" (COVID-19), which first appeared in China, then spread to the whole world, has had negative consequences in many areas, especially in health. The long-term quarantine process caused by the pandemic and the experienced stress had a great impact on nutritional habits. Aim: In this study, it was aimed to determine the change in anxiety levels and eating habits of young adults after the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; 15(6):274-282, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1934354

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the change in the quality of life (QoL) of patients who applied to a tertiary outpatient clinic according to their COVID-19 status.

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