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1.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 19(11)2022 Jun 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1884122

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has involved healthcare workers (HCWs) both as caregivers and as patients. This study is a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the HCWs working in a third-level hospital in Central Italy who were infected with COVID-19 from March 2020 to April 2021. This research aims at identifying the physical and mental health outcomes of HCWs infected with COVID-19 who returned to work after the infection, the determinants of those outcomes, such as age and sex, and the identification of possible vulnerable professional groups. METHODS: A questionnaire about the acute illness, the experience of returning to work, and health perceptions after the disease was administered to 427 healthcare workers 3 months after recovering from the SARS-CoV-2 infection. RESULTS: The majority interviewed (84.5%) reported symptoms at the time of the positive test, with no significant differences regarding age or sex, while a significant difference in the mean age was found regarding hospitalization (p < 0.001). At 3 months after the infection, females (p = 0.001), older workers (p < 0.001), and healthcare assistants (p < 0.001) were more likely to report persistent symptoms. Sex (p = 0.02) and age (p = 0.006) influenced the quality of sleep after the infection. At work, the nurses group reported increase in workload (p = 0.03) and worse relationships (p = 0.028). At 3 months after the infection, female workers perceived worse physical (p = 0.002) and mental (p < 0.001) health status according to the SF-12. A negative correlation was found between age and PCS score (p < 0.001) but not MCS score (p = 0.86). A significant difference in PCS score was found between nurses and physicians (p = 0.04) and between residents and all other groups (p < 0.001). Finally, the group of workers reporting sleep alterations showed lower PCS and MCS scores (p < 0.001) and working relationships had an impact on MCS scores (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Age, sex, and type of job had an impact on physical and mental outcomes. Organizing specific interventions, also tailored to professional sub-groups, should be a target for healthcare systems to protect and boost the physical and mental health of their workers.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Mental Health , Retrospective Studies , Return to Work , SARS-CoV-2
2.
Pravention Und Gesundheitsforderung ; : 7, 2022.
Article in German | Web of Science Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1881518

ABSTRACT

Background Previous findings suggest that depressive and anxiety-related symptoms have doubled among students since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic. Digital health literacy can act as a protective resource to strengthen well-being. Objectives This paper analyzes the relationship between digital health literacy, socioeconomic status, well-being and future-anxiety among students in Austria. Methods A total of 480 students from Austrian higher education institutions were surveyed via online questionnaire during the second wave of the coronavirus pandemic. Sociodemographic data, students' self-assessments of well-being, fears about the future, and digital health literacy were collected. Variance and regression analyses were used for the evaluation. Results About 50% of the students reported low well-being and distinct fears about the future. Regarding digital health literacy, the ability to assess the relevance of information showed the highest correlation with well-being. A higher socioeconomic status correlated with higher well-being as well as lower fears about the future. Conclusions The assessment of the relevance of information and connecting it with one's own life reality seems to be an important factor in promoting well-being. Individual factors such as gender or the study program are relevant for the relationship between well-being and digital health literacy.

3.
Revista de la Asociacion Espanola de Especialistas en Medicina del Trabajo ; 31(1):79-91, 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1880653

ABSTRACT

Introduction: University teaching exposes considerably to occupational stress. Objective: We determined the self-perception of health in teachers of a Higher Technological Institute of Quito, Ecuador, during COVID-19. Material and Methods: This was a mixed, non-experimental, crosssectional, descriptive study carried out with 106 teachers. The Goldberg GHQ-30 questionnaire was applied, associating variables with Chi-square, Crammer’s V and odds ratios. Results: 23.6% of teachers presented psychosomatic symptoms evidencing lack of energy, perception of illness, headaches and generalized fatigue. Gender and career had significant relationships with mental health disturbances. Three careers confirmed significant relationships with psychosomatic symptoms. Conclusions: Greater mental health impairment was demonstrated in psychosomatic symptomatology. The problems in anxiety and insomnia were rooted in the threat of losing their job and the impossibility of supporting their family in COVID-19.

4.
Int J Occup Saf Ergon ; : 1-26, 2022 Jun 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1878653

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ergonomic and psychosocial risks in telework and their relationship with musculoskeletal problems in Brazilian labor judges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 119 participants. The data were collected through a sociodemographic and occupational questionnaire, from the Brazilian versions of the Maastricht Upper Extremity Questionnaire (MUEQ-Br revised), the Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA-Br) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), added to a numerical pain scale. Results. According to ROSA-Br, 47.06% of the participants showed an outcome where it is considered that there is a need for immediate intervention in the workplace. The results of ROSA-Br and MUEQ-Br revised presented a significant correlation with the intensity of complaints in the neck and shoulders in the last 12 months and in the last seven days. The total score of MUEQ-Br revised presented more important correlations with problems in these body regions and with the intensity of complaints in the upper back, wrists/hands and lower back in both periods. Conclusions. Companies should propose ways to assess the ergonomic and psychosocial risks among their employees in telework as a way to prevent the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems.

5.
Comprehensive Psychiatry ; 116, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1877307

ABSTRACT

BackgroundHealthcare workers (HCWs) have experienced anxiety and psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic. We established and report findings from an occupational health programme for HCWs in Zimbabwe that offered screening for SARS-CoV-2 with integrated screening for comorbidities including common mental disorder (CMD) and referral for counselling.MethodsQuantitative outcomes were fearfulness about COVID-19, the Shona Symptom Questionnaire (SSQ-14) score (cutpoint 8/14) and the number and proportion of HCWs offered referral for counselling, accepting referral and counselled. We used chi square tests to identify factors associated with fearfulness, and logistic regression was used to model the association of fearfulness with wave, adjusting for variables identified using a DAG. Qualitative data included 18 in-depth interviews, two workshops conducted with HCWs and written feedback from counsellors, analysed concurrently with data collection using thematic analysis.ResultsBetween 27 July 2020–31 July 2021, spanning three SARS-CoV-2 waves, the occupational health programme was accessed by 3577 HCWs from 22 facilities. The median age was 37 (IQR 30–43) years, 81.9% were women, 41.7% said they felt fearful about COVID-19 and 12.1% had an SSQ-14 score ≥ 8. A total of 501 HCWs were offered referral for counselling, 78.4% accepted and 68.9% had ≥1 counselling session. Adjusting for setting and role, wave 2 was associated with increased fearfulness over wave 1 (OR = 1.26, 95% CI 1.00–1.60). Qualitative data showed high levels of anxiety, psychosomatic symptoms and burnout related to the pandemic. Mental wellbeing was affected by financial insecurity, unmet physical health needs and inability to provide quality care within a fragile health system.ConclusionsHCWs in Zimbabwe experience a high burden of mental health symptoms, intensified by the COVID-19 pandemic. Sustainable mental health interventions must be multisectoral addressing mental, physical and financial wellbeing.

6.
Saglik Bilimlerinde Ileri Arastirmalar Dergisi / Journal of Advanced Research in Health Sciences ; 4(1 Suppl):S51-S62, 2021.
Article in Turkish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1876453

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine the ethical issues experienced by nurses working in family health centers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This research was carried out as a qualitative study following a phenomenological pattern. The sample of the study consisted of eight nurses working in seven different family health centers in the European Region of Istanbul and who were added to the study using the snowball sampling method. Data were collected and recorded using the in-depth interview method on an online platform between June and July 2021. Data were collected in line with the interview form consisting of 12 questions. After transcription of the data, content analysis was performed using the MAXQDA 2020 program.

7.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(5):2106-2113, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1875944

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the epidemiological characteristics of the pandemic by describing the clinical profile of the COVID-19 patients presenting to a super specialty hospital.

8.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(5):1935-1942, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1875942

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Amidst the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is mandatory for healthcare workers to remain protected against infection. The present study was undertaken to evaluate challenges faced by the healthcare workers while using level 3 PPE.

9.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(5):1883-1889, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1875934

ABSTRACT

Background: Since the novel SARS-CoV-2 has been detected and the ensuing pandemic, the search for a cure or prevention has been the only target of the medical fraternity. As the second wave racked havoc, vaccines seemed to be the only viable option to stop this global surge. World Health Organization (WHO) and subsequently the Government of India have issued emergency use authorization to two vaccines. Our study aims to estimate the prevalence of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and identify predictors of antibody titers in vaccinated healthcare workers in VIMSAR, Burla.

10.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(5):1619-1623, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1875927

ABSTRACT

The condition of the world is different in the year 2021. People who were busy with their daily life and all the social activity have realized that tables can turn over at any moment of time. It's the COVID-19 pandemic this year. The world has seen the importance of health care workers all around the globe. All the countries have realized the importance of the health care sector along with the need to expand it further. The importance of spending more financially on a country's health care sector has become utmost important right now. At this time of emergency when humanity is foaling in a way which was never witnessed in the acts of violence against frontline workers, doctors are still not ready to give up on humanity. The human era has witnessed times when people used to laugh out loud about water being sold and now have come to witness such times when even a liter of oxygen is worth millions of Rupees, the conclusion being basic human amenities have started to fade away. Even after witnessing such crises around the globe, and the sacrifices of health care workers, people are still busy creating chaos for them or I would like to say "create a hell-like environment" for them to work in. Even after such a chaotic condition, health care workers are giving their best to control this health care emergency and since time immemorial, they are putting their life at risk for this society which are dwelling devils inside for them.

11.
Journal of Physical Education (Maringa) ; 33(1), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1875885

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to describe the working and health conditions of physical education teachers in public basic education in the state of Minas Gerais - Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cross-sectional study, carried out from August to September 2020, via digital form and had the support of the Minas Gerais State Department of Education. The instrument presented variables related to the sociodemographic profile, work and health conditions during the pandemic. The prevalences of the variables were presented. 1,016 physical education teachers participated in the study. Of these, 61.4% were female, 65.8% aged 21 to 40 years and 15.3% worked in the countryside. In relation to working conditions during the pandemic, 99% performed remote activities, 35.7% were dissatisfied with their work, 37% worked much more than they used to and 81.2% presented the interest of students/parents in classes as a difficulty. As for health conditions during the pandemic, 10.3% increased their consumption of alcoholic beverages, 26.1% did not practice physical exercise, 56.5% had increased body weight and 37.8% reported a lot of fear of COVID-19. Physical education teachers of basic education in the state of Minas Gerais were significantly affected by the pandemic, so it is important to implement support strategies. © 2022 Universidade Estadual de Maringa. All rights reserved.

12.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 2022 May 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1873979

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at high risk of developing hand eczema (HE). This can be exacerbated by hygiene measures related to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Using mild skin cleansers and emollients or moisturizers is central in the prevention of HE-especially with increased COVID-19 hygiene regimes. AIMS: This study aimed to assess parameters important for the acceptance of a skincare concept in HCWs. METHODS: In this proof-of-concept user trial, HCWs were provided ad libitum with hand wash oil and hand cream during the 6-month period, when occupationally acquired COVID-19 infections among HCWs were peaking in Germany and then surveyed about acceptance of the products using questionnaires. RESULTS: Of 135 HCWs, 115 (85%) responded. Skin tolerance of the hand wash oil and the hand cream was rated very good by 63% and 52% of the 115 participants, respectively. Of the 115 participants, 58% and 57% were very satisfied with the hand wash oil and the hand cream, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Acceptance of skin cleansing and skincare products in HCWs seems influenced by parameters such as self-assessed skin tolerance and self-reported overall satisfaction. It must be assumed that products are only used as recommended if they are well-accepted. Employers might survey employees about acceptance of products using the parameters identified to adjust concepts if necessary to sustainably contribute to the prevention of HE.

13.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202007080), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871982

ABSTRACT

Today, the novel coronavirus has spread widely throughout the world and poses new challenges to ensure the health and safety of health personnel. Because health personnel are at the frontlines in the fight against the novel coronavirus, which is one of the groups most affected and vulnerable during the pandemic, it is necessary to remind that the preventive measures adopted by health personnel are essential. Especially in emergency situations, essential measures must be taken to prevent occupational exposure during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Health professionals are working with great intensity and enormous social responsibility. In addition to the applause, they deserve more attention.

14.
Sustainability ; 14(10):5745, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871948

ABSTRACT

An increasing number of academic institutions offer their staff the option to work from other places than the conventional office, i.e., telework. Academic teaching and research staff are recognized as some of the most frequent teleworkers, and this seems to affect their well-being, work performance, and recovery in different ways. This study aimed to investigate academics’ experiences and perceptions of telework within the academic context. For this, we interviewed 26 academics from different Swedish universities. Interviews were analyzed with a phenomenographic approach, which showed that telework was perceived as a natural part of academic work and a necessary resource for coping with, and recovering from, high work demands. Telework was mostly self-regulated but the opportunity could be determined by work tasks, professional culture, and management. Telework could facilitate the individual’s work but could contribute to challenges for the workgroup. Formal regulations of telework were considered a threat to academics’ work autonomy and to their possibility to cope with the high work demands. The findings provide insight into academics’ working conditions during teleworking, which may be important for maintaining a sustainable work environment when academic institutions offer telework options.

15.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 94(e202010112), 2020.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871904

ABSTRACT

Background: Covid-19 is a latent threat;a sector of the population with a labor obligation carries out its work not in person in an unplanned context due to the extraordinary social distancing expressed in remote work, without previous experience in many cases and with health exposure due to psychosocial risk factors conditioning stress. Our objective was to describe the fatigue and mental burden in teleworkers through a bibliographic review, of interest for occupational health, public health, clinical research, psychology and other areas of knowledge. We also intend to inform the community about these issues to promote safe telework and ensure a balanced quality of life.

16.
International Journal of Aquatic Science ; 12(3):2543-2547, 2021.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1871622

ABSTRACT

Stress has become part of human's life due to the various internal and external expectations placed upon their shoulders. To understand the sources and impact of workplace stress in order to derive adequate and efficient intervention strategies to improve mental health of employees working in E.I.D Parry (India) Limited. The study employed a quantitative research design where participants were screened using Stress Scale (Rajendran& Kaliappan, 1991). Stress adversely affects their mental health among the employees. Understanding the sources of stress would facilitate the development of effective counselling modules and intervention strategies by school psychologists and counsellors in order to help students alleviate stress.

17.
Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology ; 14(12):6725-6731, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871381

ABSTRACT

Method: This literature study proceeded a search engine using Google Scholar, PubMed, and Scopus, using keywords SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19 pandemic, occupational health and safety, mental health, psychological disorders, COVID 19 and working people, workplace organization and selected 30 articles out of thirty 20 articles were analyzed corroding to researchers need. Previous literature has focused on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on social and economic infrastructure and the instabilities that are evidenced as a consequence of the coronavirus outbreak. 2 A number of studies have identified the abrupt drop in the global economy and the responses of the global stock market as evidenced in reported stock indices. 2 Studies have also shown a significant increase in the suicide rates. 3,4 and the economic slump has resulted in millions of people facing job loss or job insecurity. 5 There is a need for companies to adopt new methods of working that recognise the impact of the pandemic on the workforce and their families. Studies also show that the inevitable changes made to both work-related and other organisational structures introduced to keep people safe have had negative consequence on mental health of the people they seek to protect. 6 THE IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON MENTAL HEALTH IN THE WORKPLACE AND ON THE WORKFORCE There are a number of studies on earlier epidemics such as SARS, Ebola, and so on, which evidence the emotional distress seen in the general public at times of health crisis. The evidence shows that mental health professionals and the people responsible for implementing the rules and or social order are adversely affected and suffer from mental health issues such as PTSD, depression, anxiety, and so on after the outbreak of the pandemic7.

18.
Atmosphere ; 13(5):722, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871354

ABSTRACT

PM2.5 is an air contaminant that has been widely associated with adverse respiratory and cardiovascular health, leading to increased hospital admissions and mortality. Following concerns reported by workers at an industrial facility located in Santa Ana, California, workers and community leaders collaborated with experts in the development of an air monitoring pilot study to measure PM2.5 concentrations to which employees and local residents are exposed during factory operating hours. To detect PM2.5, participants wore government-validated AtmoTube Pro personal air monitoring devices during three separate workdays (5 AM–1:30 PM) in August 2021. Results demonstrated a mean PM2.5 level inside the facility of 112.3 µg/m3, nearly seven-times greater than outdoors (17.3 µg/m3). Of the eight workers who wore personal indoor sampling devices, five showed measurements over 100 μg/m3. Welding-related activity inside the facility resulted in the greatest PM2.5 concentrations. This study demonstrates the utility of using low-cost air quality sensors combined with employee knowledge and participation for the investigation of workplace air pollution exposure as well as facilitation of greater health-related awareness, education, and empowerment among workers and community members. Results also underscore the need for basic measures of indoor air pollution control paired with ongoing air monitoring within the Santa Ana facility, and the importance of future air monitoring studies aimed at industrial facilities.

19.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 95(e202110121), 2021.
Article in Spanish | GIM | ID: covidwho-1871309

ABSTRACT

The Spanish Vaccination Strategy against COVID-19 has been prepared by a multidisciplinary Technical Working Group. It has considered the situation of the different socio-occupational groups against COVID-19, having assessed the criteria of risk of exposure, transmission, serious illness and death, negative social and economic impact, feasibility and acceptability of vaccination, in addition to taking into consideration the ethical pillars that govern the Strategy. In the working population, priority has been given to first-line health and social-healthcare personnel in the first stage and, later, to the rest of healthcare and socialhealthcare personnel (Groups 1, 2 and 3 of the Strategy). Group 6 included emergency personnel, security and army forces, and early childhood, special, primary and secondary education teaching personnel, due to the role that they played during the state of alarm, the significant risk of exposure, and the essential role they play in maintaining the proper functioning of society. This paper describes the stages of vaccination and their prioritization by groups in the labour context, and shows the strategy by age groups, together with the prioritization of Group 6, has been shown to be efficient and to reach workers with high risk of COVID-19 early.

20.
Journal of Global Health ; 12, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1871307

ABSTRACT

Recently, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared seafarers as essential workers and recommended they have priority access to COVID-19 vaccination [6]. [...]maritime workers have a high rate of occupational accidents. Most of them are linked to human factors and work performance [9]. [...]depression, boredom and fatigue have been described as risk factors [9-11]. Improving and building of Cohort studies, creating Exposure assessment and Prevention measures, improving Equity, Health, and Education. 1 ORPHY Laboratory, University Brest, Brest, France 2 Occupational and Environmental Diseases Center, Teaching Hospital, Brest, France 3 French Society of Maritime Medicine Brest, Brest, France 4 Centre for Maritime Health and Society, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark 5 Universidad Metropolitana de Educación Ciencia y Tecnología.

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